Programs & Examples On #Uidl

CSS: Responsive way to center a fluid div (without px width) while limiting the maximum width?

EDIT : So for a popup, you have to use position:fixed , display:table property and max-width with em or rem values :)
with this CSS basis :

#popup {
#popup > div {
#popup p {

IE prompts to open or save json result from server

Is above javascript code the one you're using in your web application ? If so - i would like to point few errors in it: firstly - it has an additional '{' sign in definition of 'success' callback function secondly - it has no ')' sign after definition of ajax callback. Valid code should look like:

        data: 'args',
        url: '@Url.Action("PostBack")',
        success: function (data, textStatus, jqXHR) {

try using above code - it gave me 'Yay' alert on all 3 IE versions ( 7,8,9 ).

How to update nested state properties in React

Something like this might suffice,

const isObject = (thing) => {
    if(thing && 
        typeof thing === 'object' &&
        typeof thing !== null
        && !(Array.isArray(thing))
        return true;
    return false;

  Call with an array containing the path to the property you want to access
  And the current component/redux state.

  For example if we want to update `hello` within the following obj
  const obj = {

  we would do :
  //clone the object
  const cloned = clone(['someNestedObj','hello'],obj)
  //Set the new value
  cloned.someNestedObj.hello = 5;

const clone = (arr, state) => {
    let clonedObj = {...state}
    const originalObj = clonedObj;
    arr.forEach(property => {
        if(!(property in clonedObj)){
            throw new Error('State missing property')

            clonedObj[property] = {...originalObj[property]};
            clonedObj = clonedObj[property];
    return originalObj;

const nestedObj = {

const clonedObj = clone(['someProperty'], nestedObj);
console.log(clonedObj === nestedObj) //returns false
console.log(clonedObj.someProperty === nestedObj.someProperty) //returns true
console.log(clonedObj.someNestedObj === nestedObj.someNestedObj) //returns true

const clonedObj2 = clone(['someProperty','someNestedObj','someOtherProperty'], nestedObj);
console.log(clonedObj2 === nestedObj) // returns false
console.log(clonedObj2.someNestedObj === nestedObj.someNestedObj) //returns false
//returns true (doesn't attempt to clone because its primitive type)
console.log(clonedObj2.someNestedObj.someOtherProperty === nestedObj.someNestedObj.someOtherProperty) 

How to find and replace all occurrences of a string recursively in a directory tree?

Try this:

grep -rl 'SearchString' ./ | xargs sed -i 's/REPLACESTRING/WITHTHIS/g'

grep -rl will recursively search for the SEARCHSTRING in the directories ./ and will replace the strings using sed.


Replacing a name TOM with JERRY using search string as SWATKATS in directory CARTOONNETWORK

grep -rl 'SWATKATS' CARTOONNETWORK/ | xargs sed -i 's/TOM/JERRY/g'

This will replace TOM with JERRY in all the files and subdirectories under CARTOONNETWORK wherever it finds the string SWATKATS.

Most efficient way to find mode in numpy array

if you want to find mode as int Value here is the easiest way I was trying to find out mode of Array using Scipy Stats but the problem is that output of the code look like:

ModeResult(mode=array(2), count=array([[1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2]])) , I only want the Integer output so if you want the same just try this

import numpy as np
from scipy import stats
numbers = list(map(int, input().split())) 

Last line is enough to print Mode Value in Python: print(int(stats.mode(numbers)[0]))

How to increment variable under DOS?

A little bit late for the party, but it's an interessting question.

You can write your own inc.bat for incrementing a number.
It can increment numbers from 0 to 9998.

@echo off
if "%1"==":inc" goto :increment

call %0 :inc %counter0%
set counter0=%_cnt%
if %_overflow%==0 goto :exit 

call %0 :inc %counter1%
set counter1=%_cnt%
if %_overflow%==0 goto :exit 

call %0 :inc %counter2%
set counter2=%_cnt%
if %_overflow%==0 goto :exit 

call %0 :inc %counter3%
set counter3=%_cnt%
goto :exit

set _overflow=0
set _cnt=%2

if "%_cnt%"=="" set _cnt=0

if %_cnt%==9 goto :overflow
if %_cnt%==8 set _cnt=9
if %_cnt%==7 set _cnt=8
if %_cnt%==6 set _cnt=7
if %_cnt%==5 set _cnt=6
if %_cnt%==4 set _cnt=5
if %_cnt%==3 set _cnt=4
if %_cnt%==2 set _cnt=3
if %_cnt%==1 set _cnt=2
if %_cnt%==0 set _cnt=1
goto :exit

set _cnt=0
set _overflow=1
goto :exit

set count=%counter3%%counter2%%counter1%%counter0%

A sample for using it is here

@echo off
set counter0=0
set counter1=
set counter2=
set counter3=

call inc.bat
echo %count%
if not %count%==250 goto :loop

Run class in Jar file

Assuming you are in the directory where myJar.jar file is and that myClass has a public static void main() method on it:

You use the following command line:

java -cp ./myJar.jar myClass


  1. myJar.jar is in the current path, note that . isn't in the current path on most systems. A fully qualified path is preferred here as well.

  2. myClass is a fully qualified package path to the class, the example assumes that myClass is in the default package which is bad practice, if it is in a nested package it would be com.mycompany.mycode.myClass.

Testing Private method using mockito

Here is a small example how to do it with powermock

public class Hello {
    private Hello obj;
    private Integer method1(Long id) {
        return id + 10;

To test method1 use code:

Hello testObj = new Hello();
Integer result = Whitebox.invokeMethod(testObj, "method1", new Long(10L));

To set private object obj use this:

Hello testObj = new Hello();
Hello newObject = new Hello();
Whitebox.setInternalState(testObj, "obj", newObject);

Creating object with dynamic keys

In the new ES2015 standard for JavaScript (formerly called ES6), objects can be created with computed keys: Object Initializer spec.

The syntax is:

var obj = {
  [myKey]: value,

If applied to the OP's scenario, it would turn into:

stuff = function (thing, callback) {
  var inputs  = $('div.quantity > input').map(function(){
    return {
      [this.attr('name')]: this.attr('value'),

  callback(null, inputs);

Note: A transpiler is still required for browser compatiblity.

Using Babel or Google's traceur, it is possible to use this syntax today.

In earlier JavaScript specifications (ES5 and below), the key in an object literal is always interpreted literally, as a string.

To use a "dynamic" key, you have to use bracket notation:

var obj = {};
obj[myKey] = value;

In your case:

stuff = function (thing, callback) {
  var inputs  = $('div.quantity > input').map(function(){
    var key   = this.attr('name')
     ,  value = this.attr('value')
     ,  ret   = {};

     ret[key] = value;
     return ret;

  callback(null, inputs);

JavaScript module pattern with example

I would really recommend anyone entering this subject to read Addy Osmani's free book:

"Learning JavaScript Design Patterns".

This book helped me out immensely when I was starting into writing more maintainable JavaScript and I still use it as a reference. Have a look at his different module pattern implementations, he explains them really well.

How to convert from int to string in objective c: example code

Dot grammar maybe more swift!


for example

int intValueDemo  = 1;
NSInteger intValueDemo = 1;

//So you can use dot grammar 

How do I declare and initialize an array in Java?

There are two main ways to make an array:

This one, for an empty array:

int[] array = new int[n]; // "n" being the number of spaces to allocate in the array

And this one, for an initialized array:

int[] array = {1,2,3,4 ...};

You can also make multidimensional arrays, like this:

int[][] array2d = new int[x][y]; // "x" and "y" specify the dimensions
int[][] array2d = { {1,2,3 ...}, {4,5,6 ...} ...};

Java: Static Class?

Private constructor and static methods on a class marked as final.

What port number does SOAP use?

There is no such thing as "SOAP protocol". SOAP is an XML schema.

It usually runs over HTTP (port 80), however.

How can I get the list of files in a directory using C or C++?

#include <string>
#include <iostream>
#include <filesystem>
namespace fs = std::filesystem;

int main() {
    std::string path = "/path/to/directory";
    for (const auto & entry : fs::directory_iterator(path))
        std::cout << entry.path() << std::endl;

percentage of two int?

Two options:

Do the division after the multiplication:

int n = 25;
int v = 100;
int percent = n * 100 / v;

Convert an int to a float before dividing

int n = 25;
int v = 100;
float percent = n * 100f / v;
//  float percent = (float) n * 100 / v;
//  float percent = n * 100 / (float) v;

Having the output of a console application in Visual Studio instead of the console

You have three possibilities to do this, but it's not trivial. The main idea of all IDEs is that all of them are the parents of the child (debug) processes. In this case, it is possible to manipulate with standard input, output and error handler. So IDEs start child applications and redirect out into the internal output window. I know about one more possibility, but it will come in future

  1. You could implement your own debug engine for Visual Studio. Debug Engine control starting and debugging for application. Examples for this you could find how to do this on (Visual Studio Debug engine)
  2. Redirect form application using duplication of std handler for c++ or use Console.SetOut(TextWriter) for c#. If you need to print into the output window you need to use Visual Studio extension SDK. Example of the second variant you could find on Github.
  3. Start application that uses System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine (for printing into output) and than it will start child application. On starting a child, you need to redirect stdout into parent with pipes. You could find an example on MSDN. But I think this is not the best way.

SHOW PROCESSLIST in MySQL command: sleep

I found this answer here: In short using the following (or within my.cnf) will remove the timeout issue.

SET GLOBAL interactive_timeout = 180; SET GLOBAL wait_timeout = 180;

This allows the connections to end if they remain in a sleep State for 3 minutes (or whatever you define).

Could not open input file: artisan

If it is your first install of laravel then create another directory/folder inside the laravel directory and then move to that empty folder and create another project using the command below:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

This will create a new project named "blog", then go back to parent laravel directory and now you can run this command:

php artisan serve

You will receive the return such as:

laravel deployment server started: http://localhost:8000

See attached image enter image description here

"Could not find bundler" error

The system might be running "rootless". Try to set the firmware nvram variable boot-args to "rootless=0". Try to run set of commands:

sudo nvram boot-args="rootless=0"; 
sudo reboot

After reboot completes, run:

sudo gem install bundler

Oracle PL/SQL : remove "space characters" from a string

To replace one or more white space characters by a single blank you should use {2,} instead of *, otherwise you would insert a blank between all non-blank characters.

REGEXP_REPLACE( my_value, '[[:space:]]{2,}', ' ' )

Passing null arguments to C# methods

I think the nearest C# equivalent to int* would be ref int?. Because ref int? allows the called method to pass a value back to the calling method.


  • Can be null.
  • Can be non-null and point to an integer value.
  • If not null, value can be changed, and the change propagates to the caller.
  • Setting to null is not passed back to the caller.

ref int?

  • Can be null.
  • Can have an integer value.
  • Value can be always be changed, and the change propagates to the caller.
  • Value can be set to null, and this change will also propagate to the caller.

What are and

reference : -- a user input file to automake -- a user input file to autoconf

autoconf generates configure from

automake gererates from

configure generates Makefile from

For ex:

$] sudo autoconf
configure ... 
$] sudo ./configure

Fetch first element which matches criteria

When you write a lambda expression, the argument list to the left of -> can be either a parenthesized argument list (possibly empty), or a single identifier without any parentheses. But in the second form, the identifier cannot be declared with a type name. Thus: s-> s.getStation().getName().equals(name));

is incorrect syntax; but s)-> s.getStation().getName().equals(name));

is correct. Or: -> s.getStation().getName().equals(name));

is also correct if the compiler has enough information to figure out the types.

What is the non-jQuery equivalent of '$(document).ready()'?

The easiest way in recent browsers would be to use the appropriate GlobalEventHandlers, onDOMContentLoaded, onload, onloadeddata (...)

onDOMContentLoaded = (function(){ console.log("DOM ready!") })()_x000D_
onload = (function(){ console.log("Page fully loaded!") })()_x000D_
onloadeddata = (function(){ console.log("Data loaded!") })()

The DOMContentLoaded event is fired when the initial HTML document has been completely loaded and parsed, without waiting for stylesheets, images, and subframes to finish loading. A very different event load should be used only to detect a fully-loaded page. It is an incredibly popular mistake to use load where DOMContentLoaded would be much more appropriate, so be cautious.

The function used is an IIFE, very useful on this case, as it trigger itself when ready:

It is obviously more appropriate to place it at the end of any scripts.

In ES6, we can also write it as an arrow function:

onload = (() => { console.log("ES6 page fully loaded!") })()

The best is to use the DOM elements, we can wait for any variable to be ready, that trigger an arrowed IIFE.

The behavior will be the same, but with less memory impact.

footer = (() => { console.log("Footer loaded!") })()
<div id="footer">

In many cases, the document object is also triggering when ready, at least in my browser. The syntax is then very nice, but it need further testings about compatibilities.

document=(()=>{    /*Ready*/   })()

how to find all indexes and their columns for tables, views and synonyms in oracle

Your query should work for synonyms as well as the tables. However, you seem to expect indexes on views where there are not. Maybe is it materialized views ?

How to check if curl is enabled or disabled

Just return your existing check from a function.

function _isCurl(){
    return function_exists('curl_version');

Select arrow style change

Simple arrow and clean code

select {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    -moz-appearance: none;
    appearance: none;
    border: none;
    background: transparent url( no-repeat 100% center;
    padding-right: 25px;

Can't bind to 'formControl' since it isn't a known property of 'input' - Angular2 Material Autocomplete issue

Forget trying to decipher the example .ts - as others have said it is often incomplete.

Instead just click on the 'pop-out' icon circled here and you'll get a fully working StackBlitz example.

enter image description here

You can quickly confirm the required modules:

enter image description here

Comment out any instances of ReactiveFormsModule, and sure enough you'll get the error:

Template parse errors:
Can't bind to 'formControl' since it isn't a known property of 'input'. 

Index of duplicates items in a python list

I'll mention the more obvious way of dealing with duplicates in lists. In terms of complexity, dictionaries are the way to go because each lookup is O(1). You can be more clever if you're only interested in duplicates...

my_list = [1,1,2,3,4,5,5]
my_dict = {}
for (ind,elem) in enumerate(my_list):
    if elem in my_dict:

for key,value in my_dict.iteritems():
    if len(value) > 1:
        print "key(%s) has indices (%s)" %(key,value)

which prints the following:

key(1) has indices ([0, 1])
key(5) has indices ([5, 6])

RAW POST using cURL in PHP

Implementation with Guzzle library:

use GuzzleHttp\Client;
use GuzzleHttp\RequestOptions;

$httpClient = new Client();

$response = $httpClient->post(
        RequestOptions::BODY => 'POST raw request content',
        RequestOptions::HEADERS => [
            'Content-Type' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',


PHP CURL extension:

$curlHandler = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curlHandler, [
    CURLOPT_URL => '',

     * Specify POST method
    CURLOPT_POST => true,

     * Specify request content
    CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => 'POST raw request content',

$response = curl_exec($curlHandler);



Source code

Differences between Ant and Maven

Maven or Ant? is a very similar question to this one, which should help you answer your questions.

What is Maven? on the official site.

edit: For a new/greenfield project, I'd recommend using Maven: "convention over configuration" will save you a decent chunk of time in writing and setting up build and deployment scripts. When you use ant, the build script tends to grow over time in length and complexity. For existing projects, it can be hard to shoehorn their configuration/layout into the Maven system.

Postman Chrome: What is the difference between form-data, x-www-form-urlencoded and raw


Note. Please consult RFC2388 for additional information about file uploads, including backwards compatibility issues, the relationship between "multipart/form-data" and other content types, performance issues, etc.

Please consult the appendix for information about security issues for forms.

The content type "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" is inefficient for sending large quantities of binary data or text containing non-ASCII characters. The content type "multipart/form-data" should be used for submitting forms that contain files, non-ASCII data, and binary data.

The content type "multipart/form-data" follows the rules of all multipart MIME data streams as outlined in RFC2045. The definition of "multipart/form-data" is available at the [IANA] registry.

A "multipart/form-data" message contains a series of parts, each representing a successful control. The parts are sent to the processing agent in the same order the corresponding controls appear in the document stream. Part boundaries should not occur in any of the data; how this is done lies outside the scope of this specification.

As with all multipart MIME types, each part has an optional "Content-Type" header that defaults to "text/plain". User agents should supply the "Content-Type" header, accompanied by a "charset" parameter.


This is the default content type. Forms submitted with this content type must be encoded as follows:

Control names and values are escaped. Space characters are replaced by +', and then reserved characters are escaped as described in [RFC1738], section 2.2: Non-alphanumeric characters are replaced by%HH', a percent sign and two hexadecimal digits representing the ASCII code of the character. Line breaks are represented as "CR LF" pairs (i.e., %0D%0A'). The control names/values are listed in the order they appear in the document. The name is separated from the value by=' and name/value pairs are separated from each other by `&'.

application/x-www-form-urlencoded the body of the HTTP message sent to the server is essentially one giant query string -- name/value pairs are separated by the ampersand (&), and names are separated from values by the equals symbol (=). An example of this would be:


The content type "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" is inefficient for sending large quantities of binary data or text containing non-ASCII characters. The content type "multipart/form-data" should be used for submitting forms that contain files, non-ASCII data, and binary data.

how to load url into div tag

You need to use an iframe.

<script type="text/javascript">
<iframe id="content" src="about:blank"></iframe>

Python: Maximum recursion depth exceeded

You can increment the stack depth allowed - with this, deeper recursive calls will be possible, like this:

import sys
sys.setrecursionlimit(10000) # 10000 is an example, try with different values

... But I'd advise you to first try to optimize your code, for instance, using iteration instead of recursion.

Merging two CSV files using Python

You need to store all of the extra rows in the files in your dictionary, not just one of them:

dict1 = {row[0]: row[1:] for row in r}
dict2 = {row[0]: row[1:] for row in r}

Then, since the values in the dictionaries are lists, you need to just concatenate the lists together:

w.writerows([[key] + dict1.get(key, []) + dict2.get(key, []) for key in keys])

Remove .php extension with .htaccess

Not sure why the other answers didn't work for me but this code I found did:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule ^([^\.]+)$ $1.php [NC,L]

That is all that is in my htaccess and shows

Set the intervals of x-axis using r

You can use axis:

> axis(side=1, at=c(0:23))

That is, something like this:

plot(0:23, d, type='b', axes=FALSE)
axis(side=1, at=c(0:23))
axis(side=2, at=seq(0, 600, by=100))

how get yesterday and tomorrow datetime in c#

DateTime tomorrow = DateTime.Today.AddDays(1);
DateTime yesterday = DateTime.Today.AddDays(-1);

How do I verify that a string only contains letters, numbers, underscores and dashes?

[Edit] There's another solution not mentioned yet, and it seems to outperform the others given so far in most cases.

Use string.translate to replace all valid characters in the string, and see if we have any invalid ones left over. This is pretty fast as it uses the underlying C function to do the work, with very little python bytecode involved.

Obviously performance isn't everything - going for the most readable solutions is probably the best approach when not in a performance critical codepath, but just to see how the solutions stack up, here's a performance comparison of all the methods proposed so far. check_trans is the one using the string.translate method.

Test code:

import string, re, timeit

pat = re.compile('[\w-]*$')
pat_inv = re.compile ('[^\w-]')
allowed_chars=string.ascii_letters + string.digits + '_-'
allowed_set = set(allowed_chars)
trans_table = string.maketrans('','')

def check_set_diff(s):
    return not set(s) - allowed_set

def check_set_all(s):
    return all(x in allowed_set for x in s)

def check_set_subset(s):
    return set(s).issubset(allowed_set)

def check_re_match(s):
    return pat.match(s)

def check_re_inverse(s): # Search for non-matching character.
    return not

def check_trans(s):
    return not s.translate(trans_table,allowed_chars)

test_long_almost_valid='a_very_long_string_that_is_mostly_valid_except_for_last_char'*99 + '!'
test_long_valid='a_very_long_string_that_is_completely_valid_' * 99
test_long_invalid='/$%$%&' * 99

def main():
    funcs = sorted(f for f in globals() if f.startswith('check_'))
    tests = sorted(f for f in globals() if f.startswith('test_'))
    for test in tests:
        print "Test %-15s (length = %d):" % (test, len(globals()[test]))
        for func in funcs:
            print "  %-20s : %.3f" % (func, 
                   timeit.Timer('%s(%s)' % (func, test), 'from __main__ import pat,allowed_set,%s' % ','.join(funcs+tests)).timeit(10000))

if __name__=='__main__': main()

The results on my system are:

Test test_empty      (length = 0):
  check_re_inverse     : 0.042
  check_re_match       : 0.030
  check_set_all        : 0.027
  check_set_diff       : 0.029
  check_set_subset     : 0.029
  check_trans          : 0.014

Test test_long_almost_valid (length = 5941):
  check_re_inverse     : 2.690
  check_re_match       : 3.037
  check_set_all        : 18.860
  check_set_diff       : 2.905
  check_set_subset     : 2.903
  check_trans          : 0.182

Test test_long_invalid (length = 594):
  check_re_inverse     : 0.017
  check_re_match       : 0.015
  check_set_all        : 0.044
  check_set_diff       : 0.311
  check_set_subset     : 0.308
  check_trans          : 0.034

Test test_long_valid (length = 4356):
  check_re_inverse     : 1.890
  check_re_match       : 1.010
  check_set_all        : 14.411
  check_set_diff       : 2.101
  check_set_subset     : 2.333
  check_trans          : 0.140

Test test_short_invalid (length = 6):
  check_re_inverse     : 0.017
  check_re_match       : 0.019
  check_set_all        : 0.044
  check_set_diff       : 0.032
  check_set_subset     : 0.037
  check_trans          : 0.015

Test test_short_valid (length = 18):
  check_re_inverse     : 0.125
  check_re_match       : 0.066
  check_set_all        : 0.104
  check_set_diff       : 0.051
  check_set_subset     : 0.046
  check_trans          : 0.017

The translate approach seems best in most cases, dramatically so with long valid strings, but is beaten out by regexes in test_long_invalid (Presumably because the regex can bail out immediately, but translate always has to scan the whole string). The set approaches are usually worst, beating regexes only for the empty string case.

Using all(x in allowed_set for x in s) performs well if it bails out early, but can be bad if it has to iterate through every character. isSubSet and set difference are comparable, and are consistently proportional to the length of the string regardless of the data.

There's a similar difference between the regex methods matching all valid characters and searching for invalid characters. Matching performs a little better when checking for a long, but fully valid string, but worse for invalid characters near the end of the string.

How to get URI from an asset File?

Yeah you can't access your drive folder from you android phone or emulator because your computer and android are two different OS.I would go for res folder of android because it has good resources management methods. Until and unless you have very good reason to put you file in assets folder. Instead You can do this

try {
      Resources res = getResources();
      InputStream in_s = res.openRawResource(R.raw.yourfile);

      byte[] b = new byte[in_s.available()];;
      String str = new String(b);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      Log.e(LOG_TAG, "File Reading Error", e);

How to get the list of all printers in computer

You can also use the LocalPrintServer class. See: System.Printing.LocalPrintServer

    public List<string>  InstalledPrinters
            return (from PrintQueue printer in new LocalPrintServer().GetPrintQueues(new[] { EnumeratedPrintQueueTypes.Local,
                EnumeratedPrintQueueTypes.Connections }).ToList()
                    select printer.Name).ToList(); 

As stated in the docs: Classes within the System.Printing namespace are not supported for use within a Windows service or ASP.NET application or service.

What's the most efficient way to test two integer ranges for overlap?

Given: [x1,x2] [y1,y2] then x1 <= y2 || x2 >= y1 would work always. as

      x1 ... x2
y1 .... y2

if x1 > y2 then they do not overlap or

x1 ... x2
    y1 ... y2

if x2 < y1 they do not overlap.

LINQ Inner-Join vs Left-Join

Left joins in LINQ are possible with the DefaultIfEmpty() method. I don't have the exact syntax for your case though...

Actually I think if you just change pets to pets.DefaultIfEmpty() in the query it might work...

EDIT: I really shouldn't answer things when its late...

T-SQL loop over query results

You could use a CURSOR in this case:


FROM   table

OPEN @getid
FROM @getid INTO @id, @name
    EXEC stored_proc @varName=@id, @otherVarName='test', @varForName=@name
    FROM @getid INTO @id, @name

CLOSE @getid

Modified to show multiple parameters from the table.

Space between Column's children in Flutter

Columns Has no height by default, You can Wrap your Column to the Container and add the specific height to your Container. Then You can use something like below:

   width: double.infinity,//Your desire Width
   height: height,//Your desire Height
   child: Column(
      mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween,
      children: <Widget>[

How to get the cookie value in website

You may use Request.Cookies collection to read the cookies.

   var value=Request.Cookies["key"].Value;

jQuery If DIV Doesn't Have Class "x"

How about instead of using an if inside the event, you unbind the event when the select class is applied? I'm guessing you add the class inside your code somewhere, so unbinding the event there would look like this:

$(element).addClass( 'selected' ).unbind( 'hover' );

The only downside is that if you ever remove the selected class from the element, you have to subscribe it to the hover event again.

Getting value from appsettings.json in .net core

.NET core 3.X

no need to create new model and to set in Startup.cs.

Controller Add new package - using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;

public class HomeController : Controller
    private readonly IConfiguration _mySettings;

    public HomeController (IConfiguration mySettings)
         _mySettings= mySettings;
    //ex: you can get value on below function 
    public IEnumerable<string> Get()
        var result = _config.GetValue<string>("AppSettings:Version"); // "One"
        return new string[] { result.ToString() };

Cleaning up old remote git branches

This command will "dry run" delete all remote (origin) merged branches, apart from master. You can change that, or, add additional branches after master: grep -v for-example-your-branch-here |

git branch -r --merged | 
  grep origin | 
  grep -v '>' | 
  grep -v master | 
  xargs -L1 | 
  awk '{sub(/origin\//,"");print}'| 
  xargs git push origin --delete --dry-run

If it looks good, remove the --dry-run. Additionally, you may like to test this on a fork first.

/usr/lib/ version `GLIBCXX_3.4.15' not found

I have just faced with similar issue building LLVM 3.7 version. first check whether you have installed the required library on your system:


Then add the found location to your $LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable.

Finding duplicate integers in an array and display how many times they occurred

int copt = 1;
int element = 0;
int[] array = { 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 5 };
for (int i = 0; i < array.Length; i++)
   for (int j = i + 1; j < array.Length - 1; j++)
       if (array[i] == array[j])
          element = array[i];

Console.WriteLine("the repeat element is {0} and it's appears {1} times ", element, copt);

// the output is the element is 3 and appears 9 times

Find Locked Table in SQL Server

You can use sp_lock (and sp_lock2), but in SQL Server 2005 onwards this is being deprecated in favour of querying sys.dm_tran_locks:

    object_name(p.object_id) as TableName, 
    resource_type, resource_description
    sys.dm_tran_locks l
    join sys.partitions p on l.resource_associated_entity_id = p.hobt_id

How are Anonymous inner classes used in Java?

One of the major usage of anonymous classes in class-finalization which called finalizer guardian. In Java world using the finalize methods should be avoided until you really need them. You have to remember, when you override the finalize method for sub-classes, you should always invoke super.finalize() as well, because the finalize method of super class won't invoke automatically and you can have trouble with memory leaks.

so considering the fact mentioned above, you can just use the anonymous classes like:

public class HeavyClass{
    private final Object finalizerGuardian = new Object() {
        protected void finalize() throws Throwable{
            //Finalize outer HeavyClass object

Using this technique you relieved yourself and your other developers to call super.finalize() on each sub-class of the HeavyClass which needs finalize method.

Oracle: SQL select date with timestamp

Answer provided by Nicholas Krasnov


get user timezone

Just as Oded has answered. You need to have this sort of detection functionality in javascript.

I've struggled with this myself and realized that the offset is not enough. It does not give you any information about daylight saving for example. I ended up writing some code to map to zoneinfo database keys.

By checking several dates around a year you can more accurately determine a timezone.

Try the script here:

Simply change your system timezone and click run to test it. If you are running chrome you need to do each test in a new tab though (and safar needs to be restarted to pick up timezone changes).

If you want more details of the code check out:

Find number of decimal places in decimal value regardless of culture

I'd probably use the solution in @fixagon's answer.

However, while the Decimal struct doesn't have a method to get the number of decimals, you could call Decimal.GetBits to extract the binary representation, then use the integer value and scale to compute the number of decimals.

This would probably be faster than formatting as a string, though you'd have to be processing an awful lot of decimals to notice the difference.

I'll leave the implementation as an exercise.

How to convert an xml string to a dictionary?

Here's a link to an ActiveState solution - and the code in case it disappears again.

from xml.dom.minidom import parse

class NotTextNodeError:

def getTextFromNode(node):
    scans through all children of node and gathers the
    text. if node has non-text child-nodes, then
    NotTextNodeError is raised.
    t = ""
    for n in node.childNodes:
    if n.nodeType == n.TEXT_NODE:
        t += n.nodeValue
        raise NotTextNodeError
    return t

def nodeToDic(node):
    nodeToDic() scans through the children of node and makes a
    dictionary from the content.
    three cases are differentiated:
    - if the node contains no other nodes, it is a text-node
    and {nodeName:text} is merged into the dictionary.
    - if the node has the attribute "method" set to "true",
    then it's children will be appended to a list and this
    list is merged to the dictionary in the form: {nodeName:list}.
    - else, nodeToDic() will call itself recursively on
    the nodes children (merging {nodeName:nodeToDic()} to
    the dictionary).
    dic = {} 
    for n in node.childNodes:
    if n.nodeType != n.ELEMENT_NODE:
    if n.getAttribute("multiple") == "true":
        # node with multiple children:
        # put them in a list
        l = []
        for c in n.childNodes:
            if c.nodeType != n.ELEMENT_NODE:

        text = getTextFromNode(n)
    except NotTextNodeError:
            # 'normal' node

        # text node
    return dic

def readConfig(filename):
    dom = parse(filename)
    return nodeToDic(dom)

def test():
    dic = readConfig("sample.xml")

    print dic["Config"]["Name"]
    for item in dic["Config"]["Items"]:
    print "Item's Name:", item["Name"]
    print "Item's Value:", item["Value"]


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

    <Name>My Config File</Name>

    <Items multiple="true">
        <Name>First Item</Name>
        <Value>Value 1</Value>
        <Name>Second Item</Name>
        <Value>Value 2</Value>


My Config File

Item's Name: First Item
Item's Value: Value 1
Item's Name: Second Item
Item's Value: Value 2

Remove Top Line of Text File with PowerShell

I just had to do the same task, and gc | select ... | sc took over 4 GB of RAM on my machine while reading a 1.6 GB file. It didn't finish for at least 20 minutes after reading the whole file in (as reported by Read Bytes in Process Explorer), at which point I had to kill it.

My solution was to use a more .NET approach: StreamReader + StreamWriter. See this answer for a great answer discussing the perf: In Powershell, what's the most efficient way to split a large text file by record type?

Below is my solution. Yes, it uses a temporary file, but in my case, it didn't matter (it was a freaking huge SQL table creation and insert statements file):

PS> (measure-command{
    $i = 0
    $ins = New-Object System.IO.StreamReader "in/file/"
    $outs = New-Object System.IO.StreamWriter "out/file/"
    while( !$ins.EndOfStream ) {
        $line = $ins.ReadLine();
        if( $i -ne 0 ) {
        $i = $i+1;

It returned:


Changing specific text's color using NSMutableAttributedString in Swift

Super easy way to do this.

let text = "This is a colorful attributed string"
let attributedText = 
NSMutableAttributedString.getAttributedString(fromString: text)
attributedText.apply(color: .red, subString: "This")
//Apply yellow color on range
attributedText.apply(color: .yellow, onRange: NSMakeRange(5, 4))

For more detail click here:

Bash script to cd to directory with spaces in pathname

Use single quotes, like:

myPath=~/'my dir'

cd $myPath

How do I get elapsed time in milliseconds in Ruby?"%Q")

Example usage:

=> "1541433332357"

=> 1541433332357

How to find specific lines in a table using Selenium?

you can try following

int index = 0;
WebElement baseTable = driver.findElement(By.className("table gradient myPage"));
List<WebElement> tableRows = baseTable.findElements(By.tagName("tr"));

You can also iterate over tablerows to perform any function you want.

.htaccess not working apache

Just follow 3 steps

  1. Enable mode_rewrite using following command

    sudo a2enmod rewrite

Password will be asked. So enter your password

  1. Update your 000-default.conf or default.conf file located at /etc/apache2/sites-available/ directory. you can not edit it directly. so use following command to open

    sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

Or sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/default.conf

you will get

DocumentRoot /var/www/html


DocumentRoot /var/www

line. Add following code after it.

<Directory /var/www/html/>
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Require all granted

Make user the directory tag path is same as shown in your file.

  1. Restart your apache server using following command

    sudo service apache2 restart

Android charting libraries

If you're looking for something more straight forward to implement (and it doesn't include pie/donut charts) then I recommend WilliamChart. Specially if motion takes an important role in your app design. In other hand if you want featured charts, then go for MPAndroidChart.

using awk with column value conditions

This is more readable for me

awk '{if ($2 ~ /findtext/) print $3}' <infile>

How to remove single character from a String

When I have these kinds of questions I always ask: "what would the Java Gurus do?" :)

And I'd answer that, in this case, by looking at the implementation of String.trim().

Here's an extrapolation of that implementation that allows for more trim characters to be used.

However, note that original trim actually removes all chars that are <= ' ', so you may have to combine this with the original to get the desired result.

String trim(String string, String toTrim) {
    // input checks removed
    if (toTrim.length() == 0)
        return string;

    final char[] trimChars = toTrim.toCharArray();

    int start = 0;
    int end = string.length();

    while (start < end && 
        Arrays.binarySearch(trimChars, string.charAt(start)) >= 0)

    while (start < end && 
        Arrays.binarySearch(trimChars, string.charAt(end - 1)) >= 0)

    return string.substring(start, end);

AngularJS directive does not update on scope variable changes

You need to tell Angular that your directive uses a scope variable:

You need to bind some property of the scope to your directive:

return {
    restrict: 'E',
    scope: {
      whatever: '='

and then $watch it:

  $scope.$watch('whatever', function(value) {
    // do something with the new value

Refer to the Angular documentation on directives for more information.

SQL statement to get column type


You can use INTO keyword.

The result of SELECT into a real TABLE

Example: select .... INTO real_table_name


sp_help real_table_name

How can I send a Firebase Cloud Messaging notification without use the Firebase Console?

If you want to send push notifications from android check out my blog post

Send Push Notifications from 1 android phone to another with out server.

sending push notification is nothing but a post request to

code snippet using volley:

    JSONObject json = new JSONObject();
 try {
 JSONObject userData=new JSONObject();
 userData.put("title","your title");
 userData.put("body","your body");

json.put("to", receiverFirebaseToken);
 catch (JSONException e) {

JsonObjectRequest jsonObjectRequest = new JsonObjectRequest("", json, new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() {
 public void onResponse(JSONObject response) {

Log.i("onResponse", "" + response.toString());
 }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
 public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {

 }) {
 public Map<String, String> getHeaders() throws AuthFailureError {

Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
 params.put("Authorizationey=" + SERVER_API_KEY);
 return params;

I suggest you all to check out my blog post for complete details.

How to post pictures to instagram using API

If it has a UI, it has an "API". Let's use the following example: I want to publish the pic I use in any new blog post I create. Let's assume is Wordpress.

  1. Create a service that is constantly monitoring your blog via RSS.
  2. When a new blog post is posted, download the picture.
  3. (Optional) Use a third party API to apply some overlays and whatnot to your pic.
  4. Place the photo in a well-known location on your PC or server.
  5. Configure Chrome (read above) so that you can use the browser as a mobile.
  6. Using Selenium (or any other of those libraries), simulate the entire process of posting on Instagram.
  7. Done. You should have it.

Add User to Role ASP.NET Identity

Are you looking for something like this:

RoleManager = new RoleManager<IdentityRole>(new RoleStore<IdentityRole>(new MyDbContext()));
var str = RoleManager.Create(new IdentityRole(roleName));

Also check User Identity

Run / Open VSCode from Mac Terminal

If you are on Mac OSX Maverick, it's ~/.bash_profile not ~/.bashrc

Try putting the code in there, close the terminal and then try again. Should be working

How to change MySQL column definition?

Do you mean altering the table after it has been created? If so you need to use alter table, in particular:

ALTER TABLE tablename MODIFY COLUMN new-column-definition



How do I turn off Unicode in a VC++ project?

Have you tried: Project Properties - General - Project Defaults - Character Set?

See answers in this question for the differences between "Use Multi-Byte Character Set" and "Not Set" options: About the "Character set" option in visual studio 2010

How do I fix a .NET windows application crashing at startup with Exception code: 0xE0434352?


.Net application code aborts before it starts its execution [Console application or Windows application]

Error received: Aborted with Error code "E0434352"

Exception: Unknown exception

Scenario 1:

When an application is already executed, which have used some of the dependent resources and those resources are still in use with the application executed, when another application or the same exe is triggered from some other source then one of the app throws the error

Scenario 2:

When an application is triggered by scheduler or automatic jobs, it may be in execution state at background, meanwhile when you try to trigger the same application again, the error may be triggered.


Create an application, when & where the application release all its resources as soon as completed Kill all the background process once the application is closed Check and avoid executing the application from multiple sources like Batch Process, Task Scheduler and external tools at same time. Check for the Application and resource dependencies and clean up the code if needed.

How to change line width in ggplot?

It also looks like if you just put the size argument in the geom_line() portion but without the aes() it will scale appropriately. At least it works this way with geom_density and I had the same problem.

How to emit an event from parent to child?

As far as I know, there are 2 standard ways you can do that.

1. @Input

Whenever the data in the parent changes, the child gets notified about this in the ngOnChanges method. The child can act on it. This is the standard way of interacting with a child.

public inputToChild: Object;

<child [data]="inputToChild"> </child>       

Child-Component: @Input() data;

ngOnChanges(changes: { [property: string]: SimpleChange }){
   // Extract changes to the input property by its name
   let change: SimpleChange = changes['data']; 
// Whenever the data in the parent changes, this method gets triggered. You 
// can act on the changes here. You will have both the previous value and the 
// current value here.
  1. Shared service concept

Creating a service and using an observable in the shared service. The child subscribes to it and whenever there is a change, the child will be notified. This is also a popular method. When you want to send something other than the data you pass as the input, this can be used.

subject: Subject<Object>;

constructor(sharedService: SharedService);

constructor(sharedService: SharedService)

// Whenever the parent emits using the next method, you can receive the data 
in here and act on it.})

UILabel - auto-size label to fit text?

  1. Add missing constraints in storyboard.
  2. Select UILabel in storyboard and set the attributes "Line" to 0.
  3. Ref Outlet the UILabel to Controller.h with id:label
  4. Controller.m and add [label sizeToFit]; in viewDidLoad

How to get Android GPS location



        catch (InterruptedException e) 
            Toast.makeText(this, "Error="+e.toString(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

As you can see above, a thread is running alongside main thread of user-interface activity which continuously displays GPS lat,long alongwith current time and a random dice throw.

IF you are curious then just check the full code: GPS Location with a randomized dice throw & current time in separate thread

How to round each item in a list of floats to 2 decimal places?

mylist = [0.30000000000000004, 0.5, 0.20000000000000001]
myRoundedList =  [round(x,2) for x in mylist] 
# [0.3, 0.5, 0.2]

Regex how to match an optional character

You can make the single letter optional by adding a ? after it as:


The quantifier {1} is redundant so you can drop it.

Android YouTube app Play Video Intent

Intent videoClient = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
startActivityForResult(videoClient, 1234);

Where videoId is the video id of the youtube video that has to be played. This code works fine on Motorola Milestone.

But basically what we can do is to check for what activity is loaded when you start the Youtube app and accordingly substitute for the packageName and the className.

Tool for comparing 2 binary files in Windows

Total Commander also has a binary compare option: go to: File \\Compare by content

ps. I guess some people may alredy be using this tool and may not be aware of the built-in feature.

How to change the link color in a specific class for a div CSS

It can be something like this:

a.register:link { color:#FFF; text-decoration:none; font-weight:normal; }
a.register:visited { color: #FFF; text-decoration:none; font-weight:normal; }
a.register:hover { color: #FFF; text-decoration:underline; font-weight:normal; }
a.register:active { color: #FFF; text-decoration:none; font-weight:normal; }

Change values of select box of "show 10 entries" of jquery datatable

enter image description here pageLength: 50,

worked for me Thanks

Versions for reference




Align div right in Bootstrap 3

Do you mean something like this:


<div class="row">
  <div class="container">

    <div class="col-md-4">
      left content

    <div class="col-md-4 col-md-offset-4">

      <div class="yellow-background">
        <div class="pull-right">right content</div>  



.yellow-background {
  background: blue;

.pull-right {
  background: yellow;

A full example can be found on Codepen.

mkdir -p functionality in Python

I think Asa's answer is essentially correct, but you could extend it a little to act more like mkdir -p, either:

import os

def mkdir_path(path):
    if not os.access(path, os.F_OK):


import os
import errno

def mkdir_path(path):
    except os.error, e:
        if e.errno != errno.EEXIST:

These both handle the case where the path already exists silently but let other errors bubble up.

PHP: Convert any string to UTF-8 without knowing the original character set, or at least try

There are some really good answers and attempts to answer your question here. I am not an encoding master, but I understand your desire to have a pure UTF-8 stack all the way through to your database. I have been using MySQL's utf8mb4 encoding for tables, fields, and connections.

My situation boiled down to "I just want my sanitizers, validators, business logic, and prepared statements to deal with UTF-8 when data comes from HTML forms, or e-mail registration links." So, in my simple way, I started off with this idea:

  1. Attempt to detect encoding: $encodings = ['UTF-8', 'ISO-8859-1', 'ASCII'];
  2. If encoding cannot be detected, throw new RuntimeException
  3. If input is UTF-8, carry on.
  4. Else, if it is ISO-8859-1 or ASCII

    a. Attempt conversion to UTF-8 (wait, not finished)

    b. Detect the encoding of the converted value

    c. If the reported encoding and converted value are both UTF-8, carry on.

    d. Else, throw new RuntimeException

From my abstract class Sanitizer


    private function isUTF8($encoding, $value)
        return (($encoding === 'UTF-8') && (utf8_encode(utf8_decode($value)) === $value));

    private function utf8tify(&$value)
        $encodings = ['UTF-8', 'ISO-8859-1', 'ASCII'];

        mb_substitute_character(0xfffd); //REPLACEMENT CHARACTER

        $stringEncoding = mb_detect_encoding($value, $encodings, true);

        if (!$stringEncoding) {
            $value = null;
            throw new \RuntimeException("Unable to identify character encoding in sanitizer.");

        if ($this->isUTF8($stringEncoding, $value)) {
        } else {
            $value = mb_convert_encoding($value, 'UTF-8', $stringEncoding);
            $stringEncoding = mb_detect_encoding($value, $encodings, true);

            if ($this->isUTF8($stringEncoding, $value)) {
            } else {
                $value = null;
                throw new \RuntimeException("Unable to convert character encoding from ISO-8859-1, or ASCII, to UTF-8 in Sanitizer.");


One could make an argument that I should separate encoding concerns from my abstract Sanitizer class and simply inject an Encoder object into a concrete child instance of Sanitizer. However, the main problem with my approach is that, without more knowledge, I simply reject encoding types that I do not want (and I am relying on PHP mb_* functions). Without further study, I cannot know if that hurts some populations or not (or, if I am losing out on important information). So, I need to learn more. I found this article.

What every programmer absolutely, positively needs to know about encodings and character sets to work with text

Moreover, what happens when encrypted data is added to my email registration links (using OpenSSL or mcrypt)? Could this interfere with decoding? What about Windows-1252? What about security implications? The use of utf8_decode() and utf8_encode() in Sanitizer::isUTF8 are dubious.

People have pointed out short-comings in the PHP mb_* functions. I never took time to investigate iconv, but if it works better than mb_*functions, let me know.

Error in <my code> : object of type 'closure' is not subsettable

In case of this similar error Warning: Error in $: object of type 'closure' is not subsettable [No stack trace available]

Just add corresponding package name using :: e.g.

instead of tags(....)

write shiny::tags(....)

JQuery Ajax - How to Detect Network Connection error when making Ajax call


xhr.onerror = function(e){
    if (XMLHttpRequest.readyState == 4) {
        // HTTP error (can be checked by XMLHttpRequest.status and XMLHttpRequest.statusText)
        selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro HTTP: '+XMLHttpRequest.statusText);
    else if (XMLHttpRequest.readyState == 0) {
        // Network error (i.e. connection refused, access denied due to CORS, etc.)
        selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro de rede:'+XMLHttpRequest.statusText);
    else {
        selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro desconhecido.');


(more code below - UPLOAD IMAGE EXAMPLE)

var selFoto = {
   foto: null,

   upload: function(){;

        var arquivo = document.frmServico.fileupload.files[0];
        var formData = new FormData();

        if (arquivo.type.match('image.*')) {
            formData.append('upload', arquivo,;

            var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
  'POST', 'FotoViewServlet?acao=uploadFoto', true);
            xhr.responseType = 'blob';

            xhr.onload = function(e){
                if (this.status == 200) {
                    selFoto.foto = this.response;
                    var url = window.URL || window.webkitURL;
                    document.frmServico.fotoid.src = url.createObjectURL(this.response);

                    Dados.foto = document.frmServico.fotoid;

                if (XMLHttpRequest.readyState == 4) {
                     selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro HTTP: '+XMLHttpRequest.statusText);
                else if (XMLHttpRequest.readyState == 0) {
                     selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro de rede:'+XMLHttpRequest.statusText);                             


            xhr.onerror = function(e){
            if (XMLHttpRequest.readyState == 4) {
                // HTTP error (can be checked by XMLHttpRequest.status and XMLHttpRequest.statusText)
                selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro HTTP: '+XMLHttpRequest.statusText);
            else if (XMLHttpRequest.readyState == 0) {
                 // Network error (i.e. connection refused, access denied due to CORS, etc.)
                 selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro de rede:'+XMLHttpRequest.statusText);
            else {
                selFoto.erroUploadFoto('Erro desconhecido.');

        MyCity.mensagens.push('Selecione uma imagem.');

  erroUploadFoto : function(mensagem) {
        selFoto.foto = null;
        MyCity.mensagens.push('Erro ao atualizar a foto. '+mensagem);

Conditional formatting, entire row based

You want to apply a custom formatting rule. The "Applies to" field should be your entire row (If you want to format row 5, put in =$5:$5. The custom formula should be =IF($B$5="X", TRUE, FALSE), shown in the example below.

How to fix apt-get: command not found on AWS EC2?

please, be sure your connected to a ubuntu server, I Had the same problem but I was connected to other distro, check the AMI value in your details instance, it should be something like

AMI: ubuntu/images/ebs/ubuntu-precise-12.04-amd64-server-20130411.1 

hope it helps

How do I capitalize first letter of first name and last name in C#?

There are some cases that CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.TextInfo.ToTitleCase cannot handle, for example : the apostrophe '.

string input = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.TextInfo.ToTitleCase("o'reilly, m'grego, d'angelo");
// input = O'reilly, M'grego, D'angelo

A regex can also be used \b[a-zA-Z] to identify the starting character of a word after a word boundary \b, then we need just to replace the match by its upper case equivalence thanks to the Regex.Replace(string input,string pattern,MatchEvaluator evaluator) method :

string input = "o'reilly, m'grego, d'angelo";
input = Regex.Replace(input.ToLower(), @"\b[a-zA-Z]", m => m.Value.ToUpper());
// input = O'Reilly, M'Grego, D'Angelo

The regex can be tuned if needed, for instance, if we want to handle the MacDonald and McFry cases the regex becomes : (?<=\b(?:mc|mac)?)[a-zA-Z]

string input = "o'reilly, m'grego, d'angelo, macdonald's, mcfry";
input = Regex.Replace(input.ToLower(), @"(?<=\b(?:mc|mac)?)[a-zA-Z]", m => m.Value.ToUpper());
// input = O'Reilly, M'Grego, D'Angelo, MacDonald'S, McFry

If we need to handle more prefixes we only need to modify the group (?:mc|mac), for example to add french prefixes du, de : (?:mc|mac|du|de).

Finally, we can realize that this regex will also match the case MacDonald'S for the last 's so we need to handle it in the regex with a negative look behind (?<!'s\b). At the end we have :

string input = "o'reilly, m'grego, d'angelo, macdonald's, mcfry";
input = Regex.Replace(input.ToLower(), @"(?<=\b(?:mc|mac)?)[a-zA-Z](?<!'s\b)", m => m.Value.ToUpper());
// input = O'Reilly, M'Grego, D'Angelo, MacDonald's, McFry

How do I get my page title to have an icon?

They're called favicons, and are quite easy to make/use. Have a read of for help.

Using PHP variables inside HTML tags?

HI Jasper,

you can do this:

sprintf("<a href=\"\">Click Here</a>", $param);

PHP absolute path to root

The best way to do this given your setup is to define a constant describing the root path of your site. You can create a file config.php at the root of your application:


define('SITE_ROOT', dirname(__FILE__));

$file_path = SITE_ROOT . '/Texts/MyInfo.txt';


Then include config.php in each entry point script and reference SITE_ROOT in your code rather than giving a relative path.

How do I get extra data from intent on Android?

Pass the intent with value on First Activity:

Intent intent = new Intent(FirstActivity.this, SecondActivity.class);
intent.putExtra("uid", uid.toString());
intent.putExtra("pwd", pwd.toString());

Receive intent on second Activity;-

Intent intent = getIntent();
String user = intent.getStringExtra("uid");
String pass = intent.getStringExtra("pwd");

We use generally two method in intent to send the value and to get the value. For sending the value we will use intent.putExtra("key", Value); and during receive intent on another activity we will use intent.getStringExtra("key"); to get the intent data as String or use some other available method to get other types of data (Integer, Boolean, etc.). The key may be any keyword to identify the value means that what value you are sharing. Hope it will work for you.

How to use getJSON, sending data with post method?

The $.getJSON() method does an HTTP GET and not POST. You need to use $.post()

$.post(url, dataToBeSent, function(data, textStatus) {
  //data contains the JSON object
  //textStatus contains the status: success, error, etc
}, "json");

In that call, dataToBeSent could be anything you want, although if are sending the contents of a an html form, you can use the serialize method to create the data for the POST from your form.

var dataToBeSent = $("form").serialize();

How to remove unique key from mysql table

For those who don't know how to get index_name which mentioned in Devart's answer, or key_name which mentioned in Uday Sawant's answer, you can get it like this:

SHOW INDEX FROM table_name;

This will show all indexes for the given table, then you can pick name of the index or unique key that you want to remove.

How to drop unique in MySQL?

Use below query :

ALTER TABLE `table_name` DROP INDEX key_name;

If you don't know the key_name then first try below query, you can get key_name.



SHOW INDEX FROM table_name;

If you want to remove/drop primary key from mysql table, Use below query for that


Code Taken from:

How to set proxy for wget?

Type in command line :

$ export http_proxy=http://proxy_host:proxy_port

for authenticated proxy,

$ export http_proxy=http://username:password@proxy_host:proxy_port

and then run

$ wget fileurl

for https, just use https_proxy instead of http_proxy. You could also put these lines in your ~/.bashrc file so that you don't need to execute this everytime.

Jquery assiging class to th in a table

You had thead in your selector, but there is no thead in your table. Also you had your selectors backwards. As you mentioned above, you wanted to be adding the tr class to the th, not vice-versa (although your comment seems to contradict what you wrote up above).

$('tr th').each(function(index){     if($('tr td').eq(index).attr('class') != ''){         // get the class of the td         var tdClass = $('tr td').eq(index).attr('class');         // add it to this th         $(this).addClass(tdClass );     } }); 


Hex to ascii string conversion

you need to take 2 (hex) chars at the same time... then calculate the int value and after that make the char conversion like...

char d = (char)intValue;

do this for every 2chars in the hex string

this works if the string chars are only 0-9A-F:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

int hex_to_int(char c){
        int first = c / 16 - 3;
        int second = c % 16;
        int result = first*10 + second;
        if(result > 9) result--;
        return result;

int hex_to_ascii(char c, char d){
        int high = hex_to_int(c) * 16;
        int low = hex_to_int(d);
        return high+low;

int main(){
        const char* st = "48656C6C6F3B";
        int length = strlen(st);
        int i;
        char buf = 0;
        for(i = 0; i < length; i++){
                if(i % 2 != 0){
                        printf("%c", hex_to_ascii(buf, st[i]));
                        buf = st[i];

Get full URL and query string in Servlet for both HTTP and HTTPS requests

I know this is a Java question, but if you're using Kotlin you can do this quite nicely:

val uri = {
    if (queryString.isNullOrBlank()) requestURI else "$requestURI?$queryString"

Python mock multiple return values

You can assign an iterable to side_effect, and the mock will return the next value in the sequence each time it is called:

>>> from unittest.mock import Mock
>>> m = Mock()
>>> m.side_effect = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']
>>> m()
>>> m()
>>> m()

Quoting the Mock() documentation:

If side_effect is an iterable then each call to the mock will return the next value from the iterable.

Using global variables in a function

If you want to refer to a global variable in a function, you can use the global keyword to declare which variables are global. You don't have to use it in all cases (as someone here incorrectly claims) - if the name referenced in an expression cannot be found in local scope or scopes in the functions in which this function is defined, it is looked up among global variables.

However, if you assign to a new variable not declared as global in the function, it is implicitly declared as local, and it can overshadow any existing global variable with the same name.

Also, global variables are useful, contrary to some OOP zealots who claim otherwise - especially for smaller scripts, where OOP is overkill.

How to detect incoming calls, in an Android device?

Here is a simple method which can avoid the use of PhonestateListener and other complications.
So here we are receiving the 3 events from android such as RINGING,OFFHOOK and IDLE. And in order to get the all possible state of call,we need to define our own states like RINGING, OFFHOOK, IDLE, FIRST_CALL_RINGING, SECOND_CALL_RINGING. It can handle every states in a phone call.
Please think in a way that we are receiving events from android and we will define our on call states. See the code.

public class CallListening  extends BroadcastReceiver {
    private static final String TAG ="broadcast_intent";
    public static String incoming_number;
    private String current_state,previus_state,event;
    public static Boolean dialog= false;
    private Context context;
    private SharedPreferences sp,sp1;
    private SharedPreferences.Editor spEditor,spEditor1;
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        //Log.d("intent_log", "Intent" + intent);
        this.context = context;
        event = intent.getStringExtra(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_STATE);
        incoming_number = intent.getStringExtra(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_INCOMING_NUMBER);
        Log.d(TAG, "The received event : "+event+", incoming_number : " + incoming_number);
        previus_state = getCallState(context);
        current_state = "IDLE";
        }else {
        switch (event) {
            case "RINGING":
                Log.d(TAG, "State : Ringing, incoming_number : " + incoming_number);
            if((previus_state.equals("IDLE")) || (previus_state.equals("FIRST_CALL_RINGING"))){
                    current_state ="FIRST_CALL_RINGING";
                    current_state = "SECOND_CALL_RINGING";

            case "OFFHOOK":
                Log.d(TAG, "State : offhook, incoming_number : " + incoming_number);
                if((previus_state.equals("IDLE")) ||(previus_state.equals("FIRST_CALL_RINGING")) || previus_state.equals("OFFHOOK")){
                    current_state = "OFFHOOK";
                    current_state ="OFFHOOK";
            case "IDLE":
                Log.d(TAG, "State : idle and  incoming_number : " + incoming_number);
                if((previus_state.equals("OFFHOOK")) || (previus_state.equals("SECOND_CALL_RINGING")) || (previus_state.equals("IDLE"))){
                    current_state = "IDLE";
                Log.d(TAG,"stored incoming number flushed");
            Log.d(TAG, "Updating  state from "+previus_state +" to "+current_state);

    public void startDialog(Context context) {
        Log.d(TAG,"Starting Dialog box");
        Intent intent1 = new Intent(context, NotifyHangup.class);

    public void updateCallState(String state,Context context){
        sp = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(context);
        spEditor = sp.edit();
        spEditor.putString("call_state", state);
        Log.d(TAG, "state updated");

    public void updateIncomingNumber(String inc_num,Context context){
        sp = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(context);
        spEditor = sp.edit();
        spEditor.putString("inc_num", inc_num);
        Log.d(TAG, "incoming number updated");
    public String getCallState(Context context){
        sp1 = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(context);
        String st =sp1.getString("call_state", "IDLE");
        Log.d(TAG,"get previous state as :"+st);
        return st;
    public String getIncomingNumber(Context context){
        sp1 = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(context);
        String st =sp1.getString("inc_num", "no_num");
        Log.d(TAG,"get incoming number as :"+st);
        return st;

Efficient thresholding filter of an array with numpy

b = a[a>threshold] this should do

I tested as follows:

import numpy as np, datetime
# array of zeros and ones interleaved
lrg = np.arange(2).reshape((2,-1)).repeat(1000000,-1).flatten()

t0 =
flt = lrg[lrg==0]
print - t0

t0 =
flt = np.array(filter(lambda x:x==0, lrg))
print - t0

I got

$ python

What Language is Used To Develop Using Unity

Unity3d supports C#, Boo and JavaScript. The framework translates this into its intermediate format and later to the desired platform (IOS/Android/Linux/Windows)

Keep in mind, C# Scripts are compiled first, followed by JS and Boo Hence if you want a C# script to interact with a JS, you ll have to keep the JS in the Standard Assets Folder.

"Notice: Undefined variable", "Notice: Undefined index", and "Notice: Undefined offset" using PHP

It means you are testing, evaluating, or printing a variable that you have not yet assigned anything to. It means you either have a typo, or you need to check that the variable was initialized to something first. Check your logic paths, it may be set in one path but not in another.

How to remove margin space around body or clear default css styles

try removing the padding/margins from the body tag.


How to combine two byte arrays

I've used this code which works quite well just do appendData and either pass a single byte with an array, or two arrays to combine them :

protected byte[] appendData(byte firstObject,byte[] secondObject){
    byte[] byteArray= {firstObject};
    return appendData(byteArray,secondObject);

protected byte[] appendData(byte[] firstObject,byte secondByte){
    byte[] byteArray= {secondByte};
    return appendData(firstObject,byteArray);

protected byte[] appendData(byte[] firstObject,byte[] secondObject){
    ByteArrayOutputStream outputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream( );
    try {
        if (firstObject!=null && firstObject.length!=0)
        if (secondObject!=null && secondObject.length!=0)   
    } catch (IOException e) {
    return outputStream.toByteArray();

What is the difference between a mutable and immutable string in C#?

An object is mutable if, once created, its state can be changed by calling various operations on it, otherwise it is immutable.

Immutable String

In C# (and .NET) a string is represented by class System.String. The string keyword is an alias for this class.

The System.String class is immutable, i.e once created its state cannot be altered.

So all the operations you perform on a string like Substring, Remove, Replace, concatenation using '+' operator etc will create a new string and return it.

See the following program for demonstration -

string str = "mystring";
string newString = str.Substring(2);

This will print 'string' and 'mystring' respectively.

For the benefits of immutability and why string are immutable check Why .NET String is immutable?.

Mutable String

If you want to have a string which you want to modify often you can use the StringBuilder class. Operations on a StringBuilder instance will modify the same object.

For more advice on when to use StringBuilder refer to When to use StringBuilder?.

Getting last day of the month in a given string date

Works fine for me with this

    Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance(TimeZone.getTimeZone());
    cal.set(Calendar.MONTH, month-1);  
    cal.set(Calendar.YEAR, year);  
    cal.add(Calendar.DATE, -1);  
    cal.set(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, 0);
    cal.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 0);
    cal.set(Calendar.SECOND, 0);
    cal.set(Calendar.MILLISECOND, 0);
    return cal.getTimeInMillis();

Delete rows containing specific strings in R

You could use dplyr::filter() and negate a grepl() match:


df %>% 
  filter(!grepl('REVERSE', Name))

Or with dplyr::filter() and negating a stringr::str_detect() match:


df %>% 
  filter(!str_detect(Name, 'REVERSE'))

How to navigate to to different directories in the terminal (mac)?

To check that the file you're trying to open actually exists, you can change directories in terminal using cd. To change to ~/Desktop/sass/css: cd ~/Desktop/sass/css. To see what files are in the directory: ls.

If you want information about either of those commands, use the man page: man cd or man ls, for example.

Google for "basic unix command line commands" or similar; that will give you numerous examples of moving around, viewing files, etc in the command line.

On Mac OS X, you can also use open to open a finder window: open . will open the current directory in finder. (open ~/Desktop/sass/css will open the ~/Desktop/sass/css).

Difference between dict.clear() and assigning {} in Python

In addition, sometimes the dict instance might be a subclass of dict (defaultdict for example). In that case, using clear is preferred, as we don't have to remember the exact type of the dict, and also avoid duplicate code (coupling the clearing line with the initialization line).

x = defaultdict(list)
x.clear() # instead of the longer x = defaultdict(list)

Reducing video size with same format and reducing frame size

There is an application for both Mac & Windows call Handbrake, i know this isn't command line stuff but for a quick open file - select output file format & rough output size whilst keeping most of the good stuff about the video then this is good, it's a just a graphical view of ffmpeg at its best ... It does support command line input for those die hard texters..

How to use SearchView in Toolbar Android

Integrating SearchView with RecyclerView

1) Add SearchView Item in Menu

SearchView can be added as actionView in menu using

app:useActionClass = "" .

<menu xmlns:android=""

2) Implement SearchView.OnQueryTextListener in your Activity

SearchView.OnQueryTextListener has two abstract methods. So your activity skeleton would now look like this after implementing SearchView text listener.

YourActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements SearchView.OnQueryTextListener{

   public boolean onQueryTextSubmit(String query)

   public boolean onQueryTextChange(String newText) 


3) Set up SerchView Hint text, listener etc

public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
    getMenuInflater().inflate(, menu);

    MenuItem searchItem = menu.findItem(;

    SearchView searchView = (SearchView) searchItem.getActionView();
    searchView.setQueryHint("Search People");

    return true;

4) Implement SearchView.OnQueryTextListener

This is how you can implement abstract methods of the listener.

public boolean onQueryTextSubmit(String query) {

    // This method can be used when a query is submitted eg. creating search history using SQLite DB

    Toast.makeText(this, "Query Inserted", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    return true;

public boolean onQueryTextChange(String newText) {

    return true;

5) Write a filter method in your RecyclerView Adapter.

You can come up with your own logic based on your requirement. Here is the sample code snippet to show the list of Name which contains the text typed in the SearchView.

public void filter(String queryText)


        for(String name: copyList)



Full working code sample can be found > HERE
You can also check out the code on SearchView with an SQLite database in this Music App

Convert canvas to PDF

Please see This library creates a PDF representation of your canvas element, unlike the other proposed solutions which embed an image in a PDF document.

//Create a new PDF canvas context.
var ctx = new canvas2pdf.Context(blobStream());

//draw your canvas like you would normally
// more canvas drawing, etc...

//convert your PDF to a Blob and save to file'finish', function () {
    var blob ='application/pdf');
    saveAs(blob, 'example.pdf', true);

How to refresh materialized view in oracle

EXECUTE dbms_mview.refresh('view name','cf');

When to use: Java 8+ interface default method, vs. abstract method

There's a lot more to abstract classes than default method implementations (such as private state), but as of Java 8, whenever you have the choice of either, you should go with the defender (aka. default) method in the interface.

The constraint on the default method is that it can be implemented only in the terms of calls to other interface methods, with no reference to a particular implementation's state. So the main use case is higher-level and convenience methods.

The good thing about this new feature is that, where before you were forced to use an abstract class for the convenience methods, thus constraining the implementor to single inheritance, now you can have a really clean design with just the interface and a minimum of implementation effort forced on the programmer.

The original motivation to introduce default methods to Java 8 was the desire to extend the Collections Framework interfaces with lambda-oriented methods without breaking any existing implementations. Although this is more relevant to the authors of public libraries, you may find the same feature useful in your project as well. You've got one centralized place where to add new convenience and you don't have to rely on how the rest of the type hierarchy looks.

What's the actual use of 'fail' in JUnit test case?

Let's say you are writing a test case for a negative flow where the code being tested should raise an exception.

   fail(); // FAIL when no exception is thrown
} catch (BizException e) {
   assert(e.errorCode == THE_ERROR_CODE_U_R_LOOKING_FOR)

Javascript Array inside Array - how can I call the child array name?

Array is just like any other object. You can give it a name if you want.

var size = new Array("S", "M", "L", "XL", "XXL");
var color = new Array("Red", "Blue", "Green", "White", "Black");
var options = new Array( size, color); = "color"; = "size";
options[0].name == "size"

Generating Fibonacci Sequence

I think this one is simple enough to understand:

function fibonacci(limit) {
    let result = [0, 1];

    for (var i = 2; i < limit; i++) {
        result[result.length] = result[result.length - 1] + result[result.length - 2];

    return result;

// [0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]

wordpress contactform7 textarea cols and rows change in smaller screens

Add it after Placeholder attribute.

[textarea* message id:message class:form-control 40x7 placeholder "Message"]

HttpClient.GetAsync(...) never returns when using await/async

Edit: Generally try to avoid doing the below except as a last ditch effort to avoid deadlocks. Read the first comment from Stephen Cleary.

Quick fix from here. Instead of writing:

Task tsk = AsyncOperation();


Task.Run(() => AsyncOperation()).Wait();

Or if you need a result:

var result = Task.Run(() => AsyncOperation()).Result;

From the source (edited to match the above example):

AsyncOperation will now be invoked on the ThreadPool, where there won’t be a SynchronizationContext, and the continuations used inside of AsyncOperation won’t be forced back to the invoking thread.

For me this looks like a useable option since I do not have the option of making it async all the way (which I would prefer).

From the source:

Ensure that the await in the FooAsync method doesn’t find a context to marshal back to. The simplest way to do that is to invoke the asynchronous work from the ThreadPool, such as by wrapping the invocation in a Task.Run, e.g.

int Sync() { return Task.Run(() => Library.FooAsync()).Result; }

FooAsync will now be invoked on the ThreadPool, where there won’t be a SynchronizationContext, and the continuations used inside of FooAsync won’t be forced back to the thread that’s invoking Sync().

Spark: subtract two DataFrames

From spark 3.0

data_cl = reg_data.exceptAll(data_fr)

Deleting all pending tasks in celery / rabbitmq

If you want to remove all pending tasks and also the active and reserved ones to completely stop Celery, this is what worked for me:

from proj.celery import app
from celery.task.control import inspect, revoke

# remove pending tasks

# remove active tasks
i = inspect()
jobs =
for hostname in jobs:
    tasks = jobs[hostname]
    for task in tasks:
        revoke(task['id'], terminate=True)

# remove reserved tasks
jobs = i.reserved()
for hostname in jobs:
    tasks = jobs[hostname]
    for task in tasks:
        revoke(task['id'], terminate=True)

Reading string from input with space character?

"%s" will read the input until whitespace is reached.

gets might be a good place to start if you want to read a line (i.e. all characters including whitespace until a newline character is reached).

PostgreSQL: export resulting data from SQL query to Excel/CSV

If you have error like "ERROR: could not open server file "/file": Permission denied" you can fix it that:

Ran through the same problem, and this is the solution I found: Create a new folder (for instance, tmp) under /home $ cd /home make postgres the owner of that folder $ chown -R postgres:postgres tmp copy in tmp the files you want to write into the database, and make sure they also are owned by postgres. That's it. You should be in business after that.

Hide strange unwanted Xcode logs

OS_ACTIVITY_MODE didn't work for me (it may have been because I typo'd disable as disabled, but isn't that more natural?!?), or at least didn't prevent a great deal of messages. So here's the real deal with the environment variables.

PlatformDarwin::LaunchProcess(lldb_private::ProcessLaunchInfo &launch_info) {
  // Starting in Fall 2016 OSes, NSLog messages only get mirrored to stderr
  // if the OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE environment variable is set.  (It doesn't
  // require any specific value; rather, it just needs to exist).
  // We will set it here as long as the IDE_DISABLED_OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE flag
  // is not set.  Xcode makes use of IDE_DISABLED_OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE to tell
  // LLDB *not* to muck with the OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE flag when they
  // specifically want it unset.
  const char *disable_env_var = "IDE_DISABLED_OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE";
  auto &env_vars = launch_info.GetEnvironmentEntries();
  if (!env_vars.ContainsEnvironmentVariable(disable_env_var)) {
    // We want to make sure that OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE is set so that
    // we get os_log and NSLog messages mirrored to the target process
    // stderr.
    if (!env_vars.ContainsEnvironmentVariable("OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE"))

  // Let our parent class do the real launching.
  return PlatformPOSIX::LaunchProcess(launch_info);

So setting OS_ACTIVITY_DT_MODE to "NO" in the environment variables (GUI method explained in Schemes screenshot in main answer) makes it work for me.

As far as NSLog being the dumping ground for system messages, errors, and your own debugging: a real logging approach is probably called for anyway, e.g. .


Drink the new Kool-Aid: It's not surprising that there are some hitches after overhauling the entire logging API.


Anyway, NSLog is just a shim:

NSLog / CFLog

NSLog is now just a shim to os_log in most circumstances.

Only makes sense now to quote the source for the other env variable. Quite a disparate place, this time from Apple internals. Not sure why they are overlapping. [Incorrect comment about NSLog removed]

[Edited 22 Sep]: I wonder what "release" and "stream" do differently than "debug". Not enough source.

e = getenv("OS_ACTIVITY_MODE");
if (e) {
    if (strcmp(e, "release") == 0) {
        mode = voucher_activity_mode_release;
    } else if (strcmp(e, "debug") == 0) {
        mode = voucher_activity_mode_debug;
    } else if (strcmp(e, "stream") == 0) {
        mode = voucher_activity_mode_stream;
    } else if (strcmp(e, "disable") == 0) {
        mode = voucher_activity_mode_disable;

How to access the contents of a vector from a pointer to the vector in C++?

Access it like any other pointer value:

std::vector<int>* v = new std::vector<int>();


int twelve = v->at(1);
int one = (*v)[2];

// iterate it
for(std::vector<int>::const_iterator cit = v->begin(), e = v->end; 
    cit != e;  ++cit)
    int value = *cit;

// or, more perversely
for(int x = 0; x < v->size(); ++x)
    int value = (*v)[x];

// Or -- with C++ 11 support
for(auto i : *v)
   int value = i;

Working with dictionaries/lists in R

I'll just comment you can get a lot of mileage out of table when trying to "fake" a dictionary also, e.g.

> x <- c("a","a","b","b","b","c")
> (t <- table(x))
a b c 
2 3 1 
> names(t)
[1] "a" "b" "c"
> o <- order(as.numeric(t))
> names(t[o])
[1] "c" "a" "b"


How do I run all Python unit tests in a directory?

With Python 2.7 and higher you don't have to write new code or use third-party tools to do this; recursive test execution via the command line is built-in. Put an in your test directory and:

python -m unittest discover <test_directory>
# or
python -m unittest discover -s <directory> -p '*'

You can read more in the python 2.7 or python 3.x unittest documentation.

Update for 2021:

Lots of modern python projects use more advanced tools like nosetests and pytest. For example pull down matplotlib or scikit-learn and you will see they both use pytest.

It is important to know about these newer tools because when you have more than 7000 tests you need:

  • more advanced ways to summarize what passes, skipped, warnings, errors
  • easy ways to see how they failed
  • percent complete as it is running
  • total run time
  • ways to generate a test report
  • etc etc

Invariant Violation: Objects are not valid as a React child

I was having this error and it turned out to be that I was unintentionally including an Object in my JSX code that I had expected to be a string value:

return (
    <BreadcrumbItem href={routeString}>

breadcrumbElement used to be a string but due to a refactor had become an Object. Unfortunately, React's error message didn't do a good job in pointing me to the line where the problem existed. I had to follow my stack trace all the way back up until I recognized the "props" being passed into a component and then I found the offending code.

You'll need to either reference a property of the object that is a string value or convert the Object to a string representation that is desirable. One option might be JSON.stringify if you actually want to see the contents of the Object.

What's the most elegant way to cap a number to a segment?

If you are able to use es6 arrow functions, you could also use a partial application approach:

const clamp = (min, max) => (value) =>
    value < min ? min : value > max ? max : value;

clamp(2, 9)(8); // 8
clamp(2, 9)(1); // 2
clamp(2, 9)(10); // 9


const clamp2to9 = clamp(2, 9);
clamp2to9(8); // 8
clamp2to9(1); // 2
clamp2to9(10); // 9

How to open standard Google Map application from my application?

Using String format will help but you must be care full with the locale. In germany float will be separates with in comma instead an point.

Using String.format("geo:%f,%f",5.1,2.1); on locale english the result will be "geo:5.1,2.1" but with locale german you will get "geo:5,1,2,1"

You should use the English locale to prevent this behavior.

String uri = String.format(Locale.ENGLISH, "geo:%f,%f", latitude, longitude);
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(uri));

To set an label to the geo point you can extend your geo uri by using:

!!! but be carefull with this the geo-uri is still under develoment

String uri = String.format(Locale.ENGLISH, "geo:%f,%f?z=%d&q=%f,%f (%s)", 
                           latitude, longitude, zoom, latitude, longitude, label);
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(uri));

PHP json_encode encoding numbers as strings

Casting the values to an int or float seems to fix it. For example:

$coordinates => array( 
    (float) $ap->latitude,
    (float) $ap->longitude 

Read tab-separated file line into array

You're very close:

while IFS=$'\t' read -r -a myArray
 echo "${myArray[0]}"
 echo "${myArray[1]}"
 echo "${myArray[2]}"
done < myfile

(The -r tells read that \ isn't special in the input data; the -a myArray tells it to split the input-line into words and store the results in myArray; and the IFS=$'\t' tells it to use only tabs to split words, instead of the regular Bash default of also allowing spaces to split words as well. Note that this approach will treat one or more tabs as the delimiter, so if any field is blank, later fields will be "shifted" into earlier positions in the array. Is that O.K.?)

Return multiple values from a function, sub or type?

You might want want to rethink the structure of you application, if you really, really want one method to return multiple values.

Either break things apart, so distinct methods return distinct values, or figure out a logical grouping and build an object to hold that data that can in turn be returned.

' this is the VB6/VBA equivalent of a struct
' data, no methods
Private Type settings
    root As String
    path As String
    name_first As String
    name_last As String
    overwrite_prompt As Boolean
End Type

Public Sub Main()

    Dim mySettings As settings
    mySettings = getSettings()

End Sub

' if you want this to be public, you're better off with a class instead of a User-Defined-Type (UDT)
Private Function getSettings() As settings

    Dim sets As settings

    With sets ' retrieve values here
        .root = "foo"
        .path = "bar"
        .name_first = "Don"
        .name_last = "Knuth"
        .overwrite_prompt = False
    End With

    ' return a single struct, vb6/vba-style
    getSettings = sets

End Function

Setting a div's height in HTML with CSS

I gave up on strictly CSS and used a little jquery:

var leftcol = $("#leftcolumn");
var rightcol = $("#rightcolumn");
var leftcol_height = leftcol.height();
var rightcol_height = rightcol.height();

if (leftcol_height > rightcol_height)

How to set custom location for local installation of npm package?

For OSX, you can go to your user's $HOME (probably /Users/yourname/) and, if it doesn't already exist, create an .npmrc file (a file that npm uses for user configuration), and create a directory for your npm packages to be installed in (e.g., /Users/yourname/npm). In that .npmrc file, set "prefix" to your new npm directory, which will be where "globally" installed npm packages will be installed; these "global" packages will, obviously, be available only to your user account.

In .npmrc:


Then run this command from the command line:

npm config ls -l

It should give output on both your own local configuration and the global npm configuration, and you should see your local prefix configuration reflected, probably near the top of the long list of output.

For security, I recommend this approach to configuring your user account's npm behavior over chown-ing your /usr/local folders, which I've seen recommended elsewhere.

Powershell script to see currently logged in users (domain and machine) + status (active, idle, away)

In search of this same solution, I found what I needed under a different question in stackoverflow: Powershell-log-off-remote-session. The below one line will return a list of logged on users.

query user /server:$SERVER

Is there a rule-of-thumb for how to divide a dataset into training and validation sets?

There are two competing concerns: with less training data, your parameter estimates have greater variance. With less testing data, your performance statistic will have greater variance. Broadly speaking you should be concerned with dividing data such that neither variance is too high, which is more to do with the absolute number of instances in each category rather than the percentage.

If you have a total of 100 instances, you're probably stuck with cross validation as no single split is going to give you satisfactory variance in your estimates. If you have 100,000 instances, it doesn't really matter whether you choose an 80:20 split or a 90:10 split (indeed you may choose to use less training data if your method is particularly computationally intensive).

Assuming you have enough data to do proper held-out test data (rather than cross-validation), the following is an instructive way to get a handle on variances:

  1. Split your data into training and testing (80/20 is indeed a good starting point)
  2. Split the training data into training and validation (again, 80/20 is a fair split).
  3. Subsample random selections of your training data, train the classifier with this, and record the performance on the validation set
  4. Try a series of runs with different amounts of training data: randomly sample 20% of it, say, 10 times and observe performance on the validation data, then do the same with 40%, 60%, 80%. You should see both greater performance with more data, but also lower variance across the different random samples
  5. To get a handle on variance due to the size of test data, perform the same procedure in reverse. Train on all of your training data, then randomly sample a percentage of your validation data a number of times, and observe performance. You should now find that the mean performance on small samples of your validation data is roughly the same as the performance on all the validation data, but the variance is much higher with smaller numbers of test samples

How can moment.js be imported with typescript?

1. install moment

npm install moment --save

2. test this code in your typescript file

import moment = require('moment');


How can I generate an INSERT script for an existing SQL Server table that includes all stored rows?

Yes, but you'll need to run it at the database level.

Right-click the database in SSMS, select "Tasks", "Generate Scripts...". As you work through, you'll get to a "Scripting Options" section. Click on "Advanced", and in the list that pops up, where it says "Types of data to script", you've got the option to select Data and/or Schema.

Screen shot of Advanced Scripting Options

center aligning a fixed position div

It is quite easy using width: 70%; left:15%;

Sets the element width to 70% of the window and leaves 15% on both sides

Display an image with Python

Using opencv-python is faster for more operation on image:

import cv2
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

im = cv2.imread('image.jpg')
im_resized = cv2.resize(im, (224, 224), interpolation=cv2.INTER_LINEAR)

plt.imshow(cv2.cvtColor(im_resized, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))

How to force two figures to stay on the same page in LaTeX?

You can put two figures inside one figure environment. For example:

\caption{Caption 1}
\caption{Caption 2}

Each caption will generate a separate figure number.

Regular expression to check if password is "8 characters including 1 uppercase letter, 1 special character, alphanumeric characters"

The regular expression you was looking for is: /^(?=.*[a-z])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*[0-9])(?=.*[!@#\$%\^&\*\[\]"\';:_\-<>\., =\+\/\\]).{8,}$/u.

Example and test:

Differences between .NET 4.0 and .NET 4.5 in High level in .NET

You can find the latest features of the .NET Framework 4.5 beta here

It breaks down the changes to the framework in the following categories:

  • .NET for Metro style Apps
  • Portable Class Libraries
  • Core New Features and Improvements
  • Parallel Computing
  • Web
  • Networking
  • Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)
  • Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)
  • Windows Workflow Foundation (WF)

You sound like you are more interested in the Web section as this shows the changes to ASP.NET 4.5. The rest of the changes can be found under the other headings.

You can also see some of the features that were new when the .NET Framework 4.0 was shipped here.

The view or its master was not found or no view engine supports the searched locations

I couldn't find any solution to this problem, until I found out the files didn't exist! This took me a long time to figure out, because the Solution Explorer shows the files!

enter image description here

But when I click on Index.cshtml I get this error:

enter image description here

So that was the reason for this error to show. I hope this answer helps somebody.

Cannot deserialize the JSON array (e.g. [1,2,3]) into type ' ' because type requires JSON object (e.g. {"name":"value"}) to deserialize correctly

Your json string is wrapped within square brackets ([]), hence it is interpreted as array instead of single RetrieveMultipleResponse object. Therefore, you need to deserialize it to type collection of RetrieveMultipleResponse, for example :

var objResponse1 = 

Java - How to create new Entry (key, value)

org.apache.commons.lang3.tuple.Pair implements java.util.Map.Entry and can also be used standalone.

Also as others mentioned Guava's, V) does the trick.

I prefer Pair for its fluent Pair.of(L, R) syntax.

Read the package name of an Android APK

you can instal Package_Name_Viewer.apk on your emulator and next you can see package name of all instaled app on your emulator.

What is the difference between DBMS and RDBMS?

Every RDBMS is a DBMS, but the opposite is not true: RDBMS is a DBMS which is based on the relational model, but not every DBMS must be relational.

However, since RDBMS are most common, sometimes the term DBMS is used to denote a DBMS which is NOT relational. It depends on the context.

Better way to set distance between flexbox items

Moving on from sawa's answer, here's a slightly improved version that allows you to set a fixed spacing between the items without the surrounding margin.

Also included is the Safari "-webkit-flex" version.

.outer1 {
    background-color: orange;
    padding: 10px;

.outer0 {
    background-color: green;
    overflow: hidden;

    display: flex;
    display: -webkit-flex;
    flex-wrap: wrap;    
    -webkit-flex-wrap: wrap;
    background-color: rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.5);
    margin-left: -10px;
    margin-top: -10px;

    flex-grow: 1;
    -webkit-flex-grow: 1;
    background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.5);
    width: 100px;
    padding: 10px;
    margin-left: 10px;
    margin-top: 10px;
    text-align: center;
    color: white;

<div class="outer1">
    <div class="outer0">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="item">text</div>
            <div class="item">text</div>
            <div class="item">text</div>
            <div class="item">text</div>
            <div class="item">text</div>
            <div class="item">text</div>

C# create simple xml file

You could use XDocument:

new XDocument(
    new XElement("root", 
        new XElement("someNode", "someValue")    

If the file you want to create is very big and cannot fit into memory you might use XmlWriter.

How to pass datetime from c# to sql correctly?

You've already done it correctly by using a DateTime parameter with the value from the DateTime, so it should already work. Forget about ToString() - since that isn't used here.

If there is a difference, it is most likely to do with different precision between the two environments; maybe choose a rounding (seconds, maybe?) and use that. Also keep in mind UTC/local/unknown (the DB has no concept of the "kind" of date; .NET does).

I have a table and the date-times in it are in the format: 2011-07-01 15:17:33.357

Note that datetimes in the database aren't in any such format; that is just your query-client showing you white lies. It is stored as a number (and even that is an implementation detail), because humans have this odd tendency not to realise that the date you've shown is the same as 40723.6371916281. Stupid humans. By treating it simply as a "datetime" throughout, you shouldn't get any problems.

PHP add elements to multidimensional array with array_push

As in the multi-dimensional array an entry is another array, specify the index of that value to array_push:

array_push($md_array['recipe_type'], $newdata);

jQuery find and replace string

You could do something this way:

$(document.body).find('*').each(function() {
    if($(this).hasClass('lollypops')){ //class replacing..many ways to do this :)
    var tmp = $(this).children().remove(); //removing and saving children to a tmp obj
    var text = $(this).text(); //getting just current node text
    text = text.replace(/lollypops/g, "marshmellows"); //replacing every lollypops occurence with marshmellows
    $(this).text(text); //setting text
    $(this).append(tmp); //re-append 'foundlings'


Python loop for inside lambda

If you are like me just want to print a sequence within a lambda, without get the return value (list of None).

x = range(3)
from __future__ import print_function           # if not python 3
pra = lambda seq=x: map(print,seq) and None     # pra for 'print all'

Exception is never thrown in body of corresponding try statement

Any class which extends Exception class will be a user defined Checked exception class where as any class which extends RuntimeException will be Unchecked exception class. as mentioned in User defined exception are checked or unchecked exceptions So, not throwing the checked exception(be it user-defined or built-in exception) gives compile time error.

Checked exception are the exceptions that are checked at compile time.

Unchecked exception are the exceptions that are not checked at compiled time

Ruby/Rails: converting a Date to a UNIX timestamp

The suggested options of using to_utc or utc to fix the local time offset does not work. For me I found using Time.utc() worked correctly and the code involves less steps:

> Time.utc(2016, 12, 25).to_i
=> 1482624000 # correct


>, 12, 25).to_time.utc.to_i
=> 1482584400 # incorrect

Here is what happens when you call utc after using Date....

>, 12, 25).to_time
=> 2016-12-25 00:00:00 +1100 # This will use your system's time offset
>, 12, 25).to_time.utc
=> 2016-12-24 13:00:00 UTC clearly calling to_i is going to give the wrong timestamp.

correct way to use super (argument passing)

As explained in Python's super() considered super, one way is to have class eat the arguments it requires, and pass the rest on. Thus, when the call-chain reaches object, all arguments have been eaten, and object.__init__ will be called without arguments (as it expects). So your code should look like this:

class A(object):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        print "A"
        super(A, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

class B(object):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        print "B"
        super(B, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

class C(A):
    def __init__(self, arg, *args, **kwargs):
        print "C","arg=",arg
        super(C, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

class D(B):
    def __init__(self, arg, *args, **kwargs):
        print "D", "arg=",arg
        super(D, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

class E(C,D):
    def __init__(self, arg, *args, **kwargs):
        print "E", "arg=",arg
        super(E, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

print "MRO:", [x.__name__ for x in E.__mro__]
E(10, 20, 30)

How to implement oauth2 server in ASP.NET MVC 5 and WEB API 2

I also struggled finding articles on how to just generate the token part. I never found one and wrote my own. So if it helps:

The things to do are:

  • Create a new web application
  • Install the following NuGet packages:
    • Microsoft.Owin
    • Microsoft.Owin.Host.SystemWeb
    • Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth
    • Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.Owin
  • Add a OWIN startup class

Then create a HTML and a JavaScript (index.js) file with these contents:

var loginData = 'grant_type=password&[email protected]&password=test123';

var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function () {
    if (xmlhttp.readyState === 4 && xmlhttp.status === 200) {
}"POST", "/token", true);
xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="index.js"></script>

The OWIN startup class should have this content:

using System;
using System.Security.Claims;
using Microsoft.Owin;
using Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth;
using OAuth20;
using Owin;

[assembly: OwinStartup(typeof(Startup))]

namespace OAuth20
    public class Startup
        public static OAuthAuthorizationServerOptions OAuthOptions { get; private set; }

        public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
            OAuthOptions = new OAuthAuthorizationServerOptions()
                TokenEndpointPath = new PathString("/token"),
                Provider = new OAuthAuthorizationServerProvider()
                    OnValidateClientAuthentication = async (context) =>
                    OnGrantResourceOwnerCredentials = async (context) =>
                        if (context.UserName == "[email protected]" && context.Password == "test123")
                            ClaimsIdentity oAuthIdentity = new ClaimsIdentity(context.Options.AuthenticationType);
                AllowInsecureHttp = true,
                AccessTokenExpireTimeSpan = TimeSpan.FromDays(1)


Run your project. The token should be displayed in the pop-up.

Stretch horizontal ul to fit width of div

I Hope that this helps you out... Because I tried all the answers but nothing worked perfectly. So, I had to come up with a solution on my own.

#horizontal-style {
  padding-inline-start: 0 !important; // Just in case if you find that there is an extra padding at the start of the line 
  justify-content: space-around;
  display: flex;

#horizontal-style a {
    text-align: center;
    color: white;
    text-decoration: none;

How to remove special characters from a string?

Use the String.replaceAll() method in Java. replaceAll should be good enough for your problem.

How to write a multiline command?

In the Windows Command Prompt the ^ is used to escape the next character on the command line. (Like \ is used in strings.) Characters that need to be used in the command line as they are should have a ^ prefixed to them, hence that's why it works for the newline.

For reference the characters that need escaping (if specified as command arguments and not within quotes) are: &|()

So the equivalent of your linux example would be (the More? being a prompt):

C:\> dir ^
More? C:\Windows

How can I wrap or break long text/word in a fixed width span?

Try this

span {
    display: block;
    width: 150px;

Progress during large file copy (Copy-Item & Write-Progress?)

Hate to be the one to bump an old subject, but I found this post extremely useful. After running performance tests on the snippets by stej and it's refinement by Graham Gold, plus the BITS suggestion by Nacht, I have decuded that:

  1. I really liked Graham's command with time estimations and speed readings.
  2. I also really liked the significant speed increase of using BITS as my transfer method.

Faced with the decision between the two... I found that Start-BitsTransfer supported Asynchronous mode. So here is the result of my merging the two.

function Copy-File {
    # ref:
    param([string]$From, [string]$To)

    try {
        $job = Start-BitsTransfer -Source $From -Destination $To `
            -Description "Moving: $From => $To" `
            -DisplayName "Backup" -Asynchronous

        # Start stopwatch
        $sw = [System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch]::StartNew()
        Write-Progress -Activity "Connecting..."

        while ($job.JobState.ToString() -ne "Transferred") {
            switch ($job.JobState.ToString()) {
                "Connecting" {
                "Transferring" {
                    $pctcomp = ($job.BytesTransferred / $job.BytesTotal) * 100
                    $elapsed = ($sw.elapsedmilliseconds.ToString()) / 1000

                    if ($elapsed -eq 0) {
                        $xferrate = 0.0
                    else {
                        $xferrate = (($job.BytesTransferred / $elapsed) / 1mb);

                    if ($job.BytesTransferred % 1mb -eq 0) {
                        if ($pctcomp -gt 0) {
                            $secsleft = ((($elapsed / $pctcomp) * 100) - $elapsed)
                        else {
                            $secsleft = 0

                        Write-Progress -Activity ("Copying file '" + ($From.Split("\") | Select-Object -last 1) + "' @ " + "{0:n2}" -f $xferrate + "MB/s") `
                            -PercentComplete $pctcomp `
                            -SecondsRemaining $secsleft
                "Transferred" {
                Default {
                    throw $job.JobState.ToString() + " unexpected BITS state."

    finally {
        Complete-BitsTransfer -BitsJob $job
        Write-Progress -Activity "Completed" -Completed

Update OpenSSL on OS X with Homebrew

  1. install port:
  2. install or upgrade openssl package: sudo port install openssl or sudo port upgrade openssl
  3. that's it, run openssl version to see the result.

Select mySQL based only on month and year

Here is a query that I use and it will return each record within a period as a sum.

Here is the code:

$result = mysqli_query($conn,"SELECT emp_nr, SUM(az) 
FROM az_konto 
WHERE date BETWEEN '2018-01-01 00:00:00' AND '2018-01-31 23:59:59' 
GROUP BY emp_nr ASC");

echo "<table border='1'>
<th>Mitarbeiter NR</th>
<th>Stunden im Monat</th>

while($row = mysqli_fetch_array($result))
echo "<tr>";
echo "<td>" . $emp_nr . "</td>";
echo "<td>" . $az . "</td>";
echo "</tr>";
echo "</table>";

This lists each emp_nr and the sum of the monthly hours that they have accumulated.

Scala vs. Groovy vs. Clojure


Scala evolved out of a pure functional language known as Funnel and represents a clean-room implementation of almost all Java's syntax, differing only where a clear improvement could be made or where it would compromise the functional nature of the language. Such differences include singleton objects instead of static methods, and type inference.

Much of this was based on Martin Odersky's prior work with the Pizza language. The OO/FP integration goes far beyond mere closures and has led to the language being described as post-functional.

Despite this, it's the closest to Java in many ways. Mainly due to a combination of OO support and static typing, but also due to a explicit goal in the language design that it should integrate very tightly with Java.


Groovy explicitly tackles two of Java's biggest criticisms by

  • being dynamically typed, which removes a lot of boilerplate and
  • adding closures to the language.

It's perhaps syntactically closest to Java, not offering some of the richer functional constructs that Clojure and Scala provide, but still offering a definite evolutionary improvement - especially for writing script-syle programs.

Groovy has the strongest commercial backing of the three languages, mostly via springsource.


Clojure is a functional language in the LISP family, it's also dynamically typed.

Features such as STM support give it some of the best out-of-the-box concurrency support, whereas Scala requires a 3rd-party library such as Akka to duplicate this.

Syntactically, it's also the furthest of the three languages from typical Java code.

I also have to disclose that I'm most acquainted with Scala :)

What is the Maximum Size that an Array can hold?

Per MSDN it is

By default, the maximum size of an Array is 2 gigabytes (GB).

In a 64-bit environment, you can avoid the size restriction by setting the enabled attribute of the gcAllowVeryLargeObjects configuration element to true in the run-time environment.

However, the array will still be limited to a total of 4 billion elements.

Refer Here

Note: Here I am focusing on the actual length of array by assuming that we will have enough hardware RAM.

Multiple inputs on one line

Yes, you can input multiple items from cin, using exactly the syntax you describe. The result is essentially identical to:

cin >> a;
cin >> b;
cin >> c;

This is due to a technique called "operator chaining".

Each call to operator>>(istream&, T) (where T is some arbitrary type) returns a reference to its first argument. So cin >> a returns cin, which can be used as (cin>>a)>>b and so forth.

Note that each call to operator>>(istream&, T) first consumes all whitespace characters, then as many characters as is required to satisfy the input operation, up to (but not including) the first next whitespace character, invalid character, or EOF.

Is there a command line utility for rendering GitHub flavored Markdown?

Based on Jim Lim's answer, I installed the GitHub Markdown gem. That included a script called gfm that takes a filename on the command line and writes the equivalent HTML to standard output. I modified that slightly to save the file to disk and then to open the standard browser with launchy:

#!/usr/bin/env ruby

HELP = <<-help
  Usage: gfm [--readme | --plaintext] [<file>]
  Convert a GitHub-Flavored Markdown file to HTML and write to standard output.
  With no <file> or when <file> is '-', read Markdown source text from standard input.
  With `--readme`, the files are parsed like files in By default,
  the files are parsed with all the GFM extensions.

if ARGV.include?('--help')
  puts HELP
  exit 0

root = File.expand_path('../../', __FILE__)
$:.unshift File.expand_path('lib', root)

require 'github/markdown'
require 'tempfile'
require 'launchy'

mode = :gfm
mode = :markdown if ARGV.delete('--readme')
mode = :plaintext if ARGV.delete('--plaintext')

outputFilePath = File.join(Dir.tmpdir, File.basename(ARGF.path))  + ".html", "w") do |outputFile |
    outputFile.write(GitHub::Markdown.to_html(, mode))

outputFileUri = 'file:///' + outputFilePath

Adding maven nexus repo to my pom.xml

If you don't want or you cannot modify the settings.xml file, you can create a new one in your root project, and call maven passing it as a parameter with the -s parameter:

$ mvn COMMAND ... -s settings.xml

How to use string.substr() function?

You can get the above output using following code in c

int main()
  char *str;
  printf("\n Enter the string");
  for(int i=0;i<strlen(str)-1;i++)
    for(int j=i;j<=i+1;j++)
  return 0;

Failed to load c++ bson extension

If the bson extension wasn't the reason, I guessed the other reason for "failed to connect" would be the user id's. So I created a new database and added a user for the database, with a password for that user (note: not mongolab account password). I updated those on my code and voila! It worked. Duh right? :D

How do you compare two version Strings in Java?

Wondering why everybody assumes that the versions is only made up of integers - in my case it was not.

Why reinventing the wheel (assuming the version follows the Semver standard)

First install via Maven

Then use this library

Semver sem = new Semver("1.2.3");
sem.isGreaterThan("1.2.2"); // true

Python string to unicode

>>> a="Hello\u2026"
>>> print a.decode('unicode-escape')

Basic text editor in command prompt?

I also wondered what had happened to the text editor in console mode in windows. I remembered the famous mc from Linux. Of course, it's available for Windows!

GNU Midnight Commander is a visual file manager, licensed under GNU General Public License and therefore qualifies as Free Software. It's a feature rich full-screen text mode application that allows you to copy, move and delete files and whole directory trees, search for files and run commands in the subshell. Internal viewer and editor are included.

Midnight Commander is based on versatile text interfaces, such as Ncurses or S-Lang, which allows it to work on a regular console, inside an X Window terminal, over SSH connections and all kinds of remote shells.

As mentioned somewhere there are also FAR Manager

How to check if a URL exists or returns 404 with Java?

You may want to add

// note : or
//        huc.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false)

if you don't want to follow redirection (3XX)

Instead of doing a "GET", a "HEAD" is all you need.

return (huc.getResponseCode() == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK);

Sending data back to the Main Activity in Android

Another way of achieving the desired result which may be better depending on your situation is to create a listener interface.

By making the parent activity listen to an interface that get triggered by the child activity while passing the required data as a parameter can create a similar set of circumstance

Convert pyQt UI to python

Quickest way to convert .ui to .py is from terminal:

pyuic4 -x input.ui -o

Make sure you have pyqt4-dev-tools installed.

Sorting objects by property values


This runs on cscript.exe, on windows.

// define the Car class
(function() {
    // makeClass - By John Resig (MIT Licensed)
    // Allows either new User() or User() to be employed for construction.
    function makeClass(){
        return function(args){
            if ( this instanceof arguments.callee ) {
                if ( typeof this.init == "function" )
                    this.init.apply( this, (args && args.callee) ? args : arguments );
            } else
                return new arguments.callee( arguments );

    Car = makeClass();

    Car.prototype.init = function(make, model, price, topSpeed, weight) {
        this.make = make;
        this.model = model;
        this.price = price;
        this.weight = weight;
        this.topSpeed = topSpeed;

// create a list of cars
var autos = [
    new Car("Chevy", "Corvair", 1800, 88, 2900),
    new Car("Buick", "LeSabre", 31000, 138, 3700),
    new Car("Toyota", "Prius", 24000, 103, 3200),
    new Car("Porsche", "911", 92000, 155, 3100),
    new Car("Mercedes", "E500", 67000, 145, 3800),
    new Car("VW", "Passat", 31000, 135, 3700)

// a list of sorting functions
var sorters = {
    byWeight : function(a,b) {
        return (a.weight - b.weight);
    bySpeed : function(a,b) {
        return (a.topSpeed - b.topSpeed);
    byPrice : function(a,b) {
        return (a.price - b.price);
    byModelName : function(a,b) {
        return ((a.model < b.model) ? -1 : ((a.model > b.model) ? 1 : 0));
    byMake : function(a,b) {
        return ((a.make < b.make) ? -1 : ((a.make > b.make) ? 1 : 0));

function say(s) {WScript.Echo(s);}

function show(title)
    say ("sorted by: "+title);
    for (var i=0; i < autos.length; i++) {
        say("  " + autos[i].model);
    say(" ");




You can also make a general sorter.

var byProperty = function(prop) {
    return function(a,b) {
        if (typeof a[prop] == "number") {
            return (a[prop] - b[prop]);
        } else {
            return ((a[prop] < b[prop]) ? -1 : ((a[prop] > b[prop]) ? 1 : 0));

show("Top Speed");

HTTP Status 500 - Error instantiating servlet class pkg.coreServlet

Have you closed the < web-app > tag in your web.xml? From what you have posted, the closing tag seems to be missing.

What is best tool to compare two SQL Server databases (schema and data)?

I've used SQL Delta before (, it's really good. Not free however, not sure how prices compare to Red-Gates

How to get the class of the clicked element?

Here's a quick jQuery example that adds a click event to each "li" tag, and then retrieves the class attribute for the clicked element. Hope it helps.

$("li").click(function() {
   var myClass = $(this).attr("class");

Equally, you don't have to wrap the object in jQuery:

$("li").click(function() {
   var myClass = this.className;

And in newer browsers you can get the full list of class names:

$("li").click(function() {
   var myClasses = this.classList;
   alert(myClasses.length + " " + myClasses[0]);

You can emulate classList in older browsers using myClass.split(/\s+/);

laravel select where and where condition

After reading your previous comments, it's clear that you misunderstood the Hash::make function. Hash::make uses bcrypt hashing. By design, this means that every time you run Hash::make('password'), the result will be different (due to random salting). That's why you can't verify the password by simply checking the hashed password against the hashed input.

The proper way to validate a hash is by using:

Hash::check($passwordToCheck, $hashedPassword);

So, for example, your login function would be implemented like this:

public static function login($email, $password) {
    $user = User::whereEmail($email)->first();
    if ( !$user ) return null;  //check if user exists
    if ( Hash::check($password, $user->password) ) {
        return $user;
    } else return null;

And then you'd call it like this:

$user = User::login('[email protected]', 'password');
if ( !$user ) echo "Invalid credentials.";
else echo "First name: $user->firstName";

I recommend reviewing the Laravel security documentation, as functions already exist in Laravel to perform this type of authorization.

Furthermore, if your custom-made hashing algorithm generates the same hash every time for a given input, it's a security risk. A good one-way hashing algorithm should use random salting.

invalid multibyte char (US-ASCII) with Rails and Ruby 1.9

Have you tried adding a magic comment in the script where you use non-ASCII chars? It should go on top of the script.

#!/bin/env ruby
# encoding: utf-8

It worked for me like a charm.

Converting between strings and ArrayBuffers

I'd recommend NOT using deprecated APIs like BlobBuilder

BlobBuilder has long been deprecated by the Blob object. Compare the code in Dennis' answer — where BlobBuilder is used — with the code below:

function arrayBufferGen(str, cb) {

  var b = new Blob([str]);
  var f = new FileReader();

  f.onload = function(e) {



Note how much cleaner and less bloated this is compared to the deprecated method... Yeah, this is definitely something to consider here.

Execute stored procedure with an Output parameter?

Return val from procedure

ALTER PROCEDURE testme @input  VARCHAR(10),
                       @output VARCHAR(20) output
      IF @input >= '1'
            SET @output = 'i am back';



EXEC testme
  @get output

SELECT @get 

How to get input field value using PHP

You can get the value $value as :

$value =  $_POST['subject'];


$value = $_GET['subject']; ,depending upon the form method used.

$_SESSION['subject'] =  $value;

the value is assigned to session variable subject.

Dynamically add data to a javascript map

Well any Javascript object functions sort-of like a "map"

randomObject['hello'] = 'world';

Typically people build simple objects for the purpose:

var myMap = {};

// ...

myMap[newKey] = newValue;

edit — well the problem with having an explicit "put" function is that you'd then have to go to pains to avoid having the function itself look like part of the map. It's not really a Javascripty thing to do.

13 Feb 2014 — modern JavaScript has facilities for creating object properties that aren't enumerable, and it's pretty easy to do. However, it's still the case that a "put" property, enumerable or not, would claim the property name "put" and make it unavailable. That is, there's still only one namespace per object.

Fuzzy matching using T-SQL

In addition to the other good info here, you might want to consider using the Double Metaphone phonetic algorithm which is generally considered to be better than SOUNDEX.

Tim Pfeiffer details an implementation in SQL in his article Double Metaphone Sounds Great Convert the C++ Double Metaphone algorithm to T-SQL (originally in SQL Mag & then in SQL Server Pro).

That will assist in matching names with slight misspellings, e.g., Carl vs. Karl.

Update: The actual downloadable code seems to be gone, but here's an implementation found on a github repo that appears to have cloned the original code

What is the difference between public, protected, package-private and private in Java?

In very short

  • public: accessible from everywhere.
  • protected: accessible by the classes of the same package and the subclasses residing in any package.
  • default (no modifier specified): accessible by the classes of the same package.
  • private: accessible within the same class only.