Programs & Examples On #Type conversion

Type conversion is the way of implicitly or explicitly changing an entity of one data type into another. This is done to take advantage of certain features of type hierarchies or type representations.

Convert bytes to int?

Lists of bytes are subscriptable (at least in Python 3.6). This way you can retrieve the decimal value of each byte individually.

>>> intlist = [64, 4, 26, 163, 255]
>>> bytelist = bytes(intlist)       # b'@x04\x1a\xa3\xff'

>>> for b in bytelist:
...    print(b)                     # 64  4  26  163  255

>>> [b for b in bytelist]           # [64, 4, 26, 163, 255]

>>> bytelist[2]                     # 26 

How to convert UTF-8 byte[] to string?

hier is a result where you didnt have to bother with encoding. I used it in my network class and send binary objects as string with it.

        public static byte[] String2ByteArray(string str)
            char[] chars = str.ToArray();
            byte[] bytes = new byte[chars.Length * 2];

            for (int i = 0; i < chars.Length; i++)
                Array.Copy(BitConverter.GetBytes(chars[i]), 0, bytes, i * 2, 2);

            return bytes;

        public static string ByteArray2String(byte[] bytes)
            char[] chars = new char[bytes.Length / 2];

            for (int i = 0; i < chars.Length; i++)
                chars[i] = BitConverter.ToChar(bytes, i * 2);

            return new string(chars);

How to determine an interface{} value's "real" type?

Type switches can also be used with reflection stuff:

var str = "hello!"
var obj = reflect.ValueOf(&str)

switch obj.Elem().Interface().(type) {
case string:
    log.Println("obj contains a pointer to a string")
    log.Println("obj contains something else")

Converting Milliseconds to Minutes and Seconds?

To get actual hour, minute and seconds as appear on watch try this code

val sec = (milliSec/1000) % 60
val min = ((milliSec/1000) / 60) % 60
val hour = ((milliSec/1000) / 60) / 60

How to convert number of minutes to hh:mm format in TSQL?

I would do the following (copy-paste the whole stuff below into immediate window / query window and execute)

DECLARE @foo int
DECLARE @unclefoo smalldatetime
SET @foo = DATEDIFF(minute, CAST('2013.01.01 00:00:00' AS datetime),CAST('2013.01.01 00:03:59' AS datetime)) -- AS 'Duration (Minutes)'

SET @unclefoo = DATEADD(minute, @foo, '2000.01.01')

SELECT CAST(@unclefoo AS time)

@foo stores the value you generate in your question. The "trick" comes by then:
we create a smalldatetime variable (in my case it's format) and increment it with your int value, then display (or store if you want) the time part only.

How can I convert a string to a float in mysql?

This will convert to a numeric value without the need to cast or specify length or digits:


If your column is an INT, can leave off the .0 to avoid decimals:


How do I convert a string to a number in PHP?

You can use:

((int) $var)   ( but in big number it return 2147483647 :-) )

But the best solution is to use:

if (is_numeric($var))
    $var = (isset($var)) ? $var : 0;
    $var = 0;


if (is_numeric($var))
    $var = (trim($var) == '') ? 0 : $var;
    $var = 0;

Convert string into Date type on Python

>>> from datetime import datetime
>>> year, month, day = map(int, my_date.split('-'))
>>> date_object = datetime(year, month, day)

How to convert NSData to byte array in iPhone?

Already answered, but to generalize to help other readers:

    //Here:   NSData * fileData;
    uint8_t * bytePtr = (uint8_t  * )[fileData bytes];

    // Here, For getting individual bytes from fileData, uint8_t is used.
    // You may choose any other data type per your need, eg. uint16, int32, char, uchar, ... .
    // Make sure, fileData has atleast number of bytes that a single byte chunk would need. eg. for int32, fileData length must be > 4 bytes. Makes sense ?

    // Now, if you want to access whole data (fileData) as an array of uint8_t
    NSInteger totalData = [fileData length] / sizeof(uint8_t);

    for (int i = 0 ; i < totalData; i ++)
        NSLog(@"data byte chunk : %x", bytePtr[i]);

How to convert Nvarchar column to INT

You can always use the ISNUMERIC helper function to convert only what's really numeric:

     CAST(A.my_NvarcharColumn AS BIGINT)
     ISNUMERIC(A.my_NvarcharColumn) = 1

Convert string to integer type in Go?

If you control the input data, you can use the mini version

package main

import (

func Atoi (s string) int {
    var (
        n uint64
        i int
        v byte
    for ; i < len(s); i++ {
        d := s[i]
        if '0' <= d && d <= '9' {
            v = d - '0'
        } else if 'a' <= d && d <= 'z' {
            v = d - 'a' + 10
        } else if 'A' <= d && d <= 'Z' {
            v = d - 'A' + 10
        } else {
            n = 0; break        
        n *= uint64(10) 
        n += uint64(v)
    return int(n)

func BenchmarkAtoi(b *testing.B) {
    for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
        in := Atoi("9999")
        _ = in

func BenchmarkStrconvAtoi(b *testing.B) {
    for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
        in, _ := strconv.Atoi("9999")
        _ = in

the fastest option (write your check if necessary). Result :

Path>go test -bench=. atoi_test.go
goos: windows
goarch: amd64
BenchmarkAtoi-2                 100000000               14.6 ns/op
BenchmarkStrconvAtoi-2          30000000                51.2 ns/op
ok      path     3.293s

How to convert string to char array in C++?

Simplest way I can think of doing it is:

string temp = "cat";
char tab2[1024];
strcpy(tab2, temp.c_str());

For safety, you might prefer:

string temp = "cat";
char tab2[1024];
strncpy(tab2, temp.c_str(), sizeof(tab2));
tab2[sizeof(tab2) - 1] = 0;

or could be in this fashion:

string temp = "cat";
char * tab2 = new char [temp.length()+1];
strcpy (tab2, temp.c_str());

Convert double to Int, rounded down

If the double is a Double with capital D (a boxed primitive value):

Double d = 4.97542;
int i = (int) d.doubleValue();

// or directly:
int i2 = d.intValue();

If the double is already a primitive double, then you simply cast it:

double d = 4.97542;
int i = (int) d;

Convert an integer to a byte array

Sorry, this might be a bit late. But I think I found a better implementation on the go docs.

buf := new(bytes.Buffer)
var num uint16 = 1234
err := binary.Write(buf, binary.LittleEndian, num)
if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("binary.Write failed:", err)
fmt.Printf("% x", buf.Bytes())

Conversion from Long to Double in Java

Are you looking for the binary conversion?

double result = Double.longBitsToDouble(15552451L);

This will give you the double with the same bit pattern as the long literal.

Binary or hexadecimal literals will come in handy, here. Here are some examples.

double nan = Double.longBitsToDouble(0xfff0000000000001L);
double positiveInfinity = Double.longBitsToDouble(0x7ff0000000000000L);
double positiveInfinity = Double.longBitsToDouble(0xfff0000000000000L);

(See Double.longBitsToDouble(long))

You also can get the long back with

long bits = Double.doubleToRawLongBits(Double.NaN);

(See Double.doubleToRawLongBits(double))

Why is datetime.strptime not working in this simple example?

You are importing the module datetime, which doesn't have a strptime function.

That module does have a datetime object with that method though:

import datetime
dtDate = datetime.datetime.strptime(sDate, "%m/%d/%Y")

Alternatively you can import the datetime object from the module:

from datetime import datetime
dtDate = datetime.strptime(sDate, "%m/%d/%Y")

Note that the strptime method was added in python 2.5; if you are using an older version use the following code instead:

import datetime, time
dtDate = datetime.datetime(*time.strptime(sDate, "%m/%d/%Y")[:6])

How to cast/convert pointer to reference in C++

Call it like this:


Note that there is no casting going on here, as suggested in your question title. All we have done is de-referenced the pointer to the object which we then pass to the function.

Call int() function on every list element?

This is what list comprehensions are for:

numbers = [ int(x) for x in numbers ]

Convert Float to Int in Swift

var floatValue = 10.23
var intValue = Int(floatValue)

This is enough to convert from float to Int

how to write value into cell with vba code without auto type conversion?

Indeed, just as commented by Tim Williams, the way to make it work is pre-formatting as text. Thus, to do it all via VBA, just do that:

Cells(1, 1).NumberFormat = "@"
Cells(1, 1).Value = "1234,56"

Convert dataframe column to 1 or 0 for "true"/"false" values and assign to dataframe

Try this, it will convert True into 1 and False into 0:

data.frame$  <- as.numeric(data.frame$

Then you can convert into factor if you want:

data.frame$ <- as .factor(data.frame$

Setting a property by reflection with a string value

As several others have said, you want to use Convert.ChangeType:

    Convert.ChangeType(value, propertyInfo.PropertyType),

In fact, I recommend you look at the entire Convert Class.

This class, and many other useful classes are part of the System Namespace. I find it useful to scan that namespace every year or so to see what features I've missed. Give it a try!

Convert String to double in Java

To convert a string back into a double, try the following

String s = "10.1";
Double d = Double.parseDouble(s);

The parseDouble method will achieve the desired effect, and so will the Double.valueOf() method.

Leading zeros for Int in Swift

With Swift 5, you may choose one of the three examples shown below in order to solve your problem.

#1. Using String's init(format:_:) initializer

Foundation provides Swift String a init(format:_:) initializer. init(format:_:) has the following declaration:

init(format: String, _ arguments: CVarArg...)

Returns a String object initialized by using a given format string as a template into which the remaining argument values are substituted.

The following Playground code shows how to create a String formatted from Int with at least two integer digits by using init(format:_:):

import Foundation

let string0 = String(format: "%02d", 0) // returns "00"
let string1 = String(format: "%02d", 1) // returns "01"
let string2 = String(format: "%02d", 10) // returns "10"
let string3 = String(format: "%02d", 100) // returns "100"

#2. Using String's init(format:arguments:) initializer

Foundation provides Swift String a init(format:arguments:) initializer. init(format:arguments:) has the following declaration:

init(format: String, arguments: [CVarArg])

Returns a String object initialized by using a given format string as a template into which the remaining argument values are substituted according to the user’s default locale.

The following Playground code shows how to create a String formatted from Int with at least two integer digits by using init(format:arguments:):

import Foundation

let string0 = String(format: "%02d", arguments: [0]) // returns "00"
let string1 = String(format: "%02d", arguments: [1]) // returns "01"
let string2 = String(format: "%02d", arguments: [10]) // returns "10"
let string3 = String(format: "%02d", arguments: [100]) // returns "100"

#3. Using NumberFormatter

Foundation provides NumberFormatter. Apple states about it:

Instances of NSNumberFormatter format the textual representation of cells that contain NSNumber objects and convert textual representations of numeric values into NSNumber objects. The representation encompasses integers, floats, and doubles; floats and doubles can be formatted to a specified decimal position.

The following Playground code shows how to create a NumberFormatter that returns String? from a Int with at least two integer digits:

import Foundation

let formatter = NumberFormatter()
formatter.minimumIntegerDigits = 2

let optionalString0 = formatter.string(from: 0) // returns Optional("00")
let optionalString1 = formatter.string(from: 1) // returns Optional("01")
let optionalString2 = formatter.string(from: 10) // returns Optional("10")
let optionalString3 = formatter.string(from: 100) // returns Optional("100")

Convert a character digit to the corresponding integer in C

use function: atoi for array to integer, atof for array to float type; or

char c = '5';
int b = c - 48;
printf("%d", b);

pandas dataframe convert column type to string or categorical

With pandas >= 1.0 there is now a dedicated string datatype:

1) You can convert your column to this pandas string datatype using .astype('string'):

df['zipcode'] = df['zipcode'].astype('string')

2) This is different from using str which sets the pandas object datatype:

df['zipcode'] = df['zipcode'].astype(str)

3) For changing into categorical datatype use:

df['zipcode'] = df['zipcode'].astype('category')

You can see this difference in datatypes when you look at the info of the dataframe:

df = pd.DataFrame({
    'zipcode_str': [90210, 90211] ,
    'zipcode_string': [90210, 90211],
    'zipcode_category': [90210, 90211],

df['zipcode_str'] = df['zipcode_str'].astype(str)
df['zipcode_string'] = df['zipcode_str'].astype('string')
df['zipcode_category'] = df['zipcode_category'].astype('category')

# you can see that the first column has dtype object
# while the second column has the new dtype string
# the third column has dtype category
 #   Column            Non-Null Count  Dtype   
---  ------            --------------  -----   
 0   zipcode_str       2 non-null      object  
 1   zipcode_string    2 non-null      string  
 2   zipcode_category  2 non-null      category
dtypes: category(1), object(1), string(1)

From the docs:

The 'string' extension type solves several issues with object-dtype NumPy arrays:

  1. You can accidentally store a mixture of strings and non-strings in an object dtype array. A StringArray can only store strings.

  2. object dtype breaks dtype-specific operations like DataFrame.select_dtypes(). There isn’t a clear way to select just text while excluding non-text, but still object-dtype columns.

  3. When reading code, the contents of an object dtype array is less clear than string.

More info on working with the new string datatype can be found here:

Date Conversion from String to sql Date in Java giving different output?

That is the simple way of converting string into util date and sql date

String startDate="12-31-2014";
SimpleDateFormat sdf1 = new SimpleDateFormat("MM-dd-yyyy");
java.util.Date date = sdf1.parse(startDate);
java.sql.Date sqlStartDate = new java.sql.Date(date.getTime()); 

Convert data.frame column to a vector?

There's now an easy way to do this using dplyr.

dplyr::pull(aframe, a2)

how to convert a string to a bool

I use this:

public static bool ToBoolean(this string input)
            //Account for a string that does not need to be processed
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(input))
                return false;

            return (input.Trim().ToLower() == "true") || (input.Trim() == "1");

Converting an integer to a string in PHP

You can use the strval() function to convert a number to a string.

From a maintenance perspective its obvious what you are trying to do rather than some of the other more esoteric answers. Of course, it depends on your context.

$var = 5;

// Inline variable parsing
echo "I'd like {$var} waffles"; // = I'd like 5 waffles

// String concatenation 
echo "I'd like ".$var." waffles"; // I'd like 5 waffles

// The two examples above have the same end value...
// ... And so do the two below

// Explicit cast 
$items = (string)$var; // $items === "5";

// Function call
$items = strval($var); // $items === "5";

How to convert a char to a String?

As @WarFox stated - there are 6 methods to convert char to string. However, the fastest one would be via concatenation, despite answers above stating that it is String.valueOf. Here is benchmark that proves that:

@Warmup(iterations = 10, time = 1, batchSize = 1000, timeUnit = TimeUnit.SECONDS)
@Measurement(iterations = 10, time = 1, batchSize = 1000, timeUnit = TimeUnit.SECONDS)
public class CharToStringConversion {

    private char c = 'c';

    public String stringValueOf() {
        return String.valueOf(c);

    public String stringValueOfCharArray() {
        return String.valueOf(new char[]{c});

    public String characterToString() {
        return Character.toString(c);

    public String characterObjectToString() {
        return new Character(c).toString();

    public String concatBlankStringPre() {
        return c + "";

    public String concatBlankStringPost() {
        return "" + c;

    public String fromCharArray() {
        return new String(new char[]{c});

And result:

Benchmark                                        Mode  Cnt       Score      Error  Units
CharToStringConversion.characterObjectToString  thrpt   10   82132.021 ± 6841.497  ops/s
CharToStringConversion.characterToString        thrpt   10  118232.069 ± 8242.847  ops/s
CharToStringConversion.concatBlankStringPost    thrpt   10  136960.733 ± 9779.938  ops/s
CharToStringConversion.concatBlankStringPre     thrpt   10  137244.446 ± 9113.373  ops/s
CharToStringConversion.fromCharArray            thrpt   10   85464.842 ± 3127.211  ops/s
CharToStringConversion.stringValueOf            thrpt   10  119281.976 ± 7053.832  ops/s
CharToStringConversion.stringValueOfCharArray   thrpt   10   86563.837 ± 6436.527  ops/s

As you can see, the fastest one would be c + "" or "" + c;

VM version: JDK 1.8.0_131, VM 25.131-b11

This performance difference is due to -XX:+OptimizeStringConcat optimization. You can read about it here.

Dynamically converting java object of Object class to a given class when class name is known

You don't have to convert the object to a MyClass object because it already is. Wnat you really want to do is to cast it, but since the class name is not known at compile time, you can't do that, since you can't declare a variable of that class. My guess is that you want/need something like "duck typing", i.e. you don't know the class name but you know the method name at compile time. Interfaces, as proposed by Gregory, are your best bet to do that.

How to convert int to QString?

I always use QString::setNum().

int i = 10;
double d = 10.75;
QString str;

setNum() is overloaded in many ways. See QString class reference.

Converting String To Float in C#

You can use the following:

float asd = (float) Convert.ToDouble("41.00027357629127");

PHP Converting Integer to Date, reverse of strtotime

Can you try this,

echo date("Y-m-d H:i:s", 1388516401);

As noted by theGame,

This means that you pass in a string value for the time, and optionally a value for the current time, which is a UNIX timestamp. The value that is returned is an integer which is a UNIX timestamp.

echo strtotime("2014-01-01 00:00:01");

This will return into the value 1388516401, which is the UNIX timestamp for the date 2014-01-01. This can be confirmed using the date() function as like below:

echo date('Y-m-d', 1198148400); // echos 2014-01-01

java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Long cannot be cast to java.lang.Integer in java 1.6

The number of results can (theoretically) be greater than the range of an integer. I would refactor the code and work with the returned long value instead.

How do you change the datatype of a column in SQL Server?

Try this:

ALTER TABLE "table_name"
MODIFY "column_name" "New Data Type";

How do I check if a string is a number (float)?

There is one exception that you may want to take into account: the string 'NaN'

If you want is_number to return FALSE for 'NaN' this code will not work as Python converts it to its representation of a number that is not a number (talk about identity issues):

>>> float('NaN')

Otherwise, I should actually thank you for the piece of code I now use extensively. :)


Checking if a string can be converted to float in Python

I used the function already mentioned, but soon I notice that strings as "Nan", "Inf" and it's variation are considered as number. So I propose you improved version of the function, that will return false on those type of input and will not fail "1e3" variants:

def is_float(text):
    # check for nan/infinity etc.
    if text.isalpha():
        return False
        return True
    except ValueError:
        return False

How to convert from []byte to int in Go Programming

(reposting this answer)

You can use encoding/binary's ByteOrder to do this for 16, 32, 64 bit types


package main

import "fmt"
import "encoding/binary"

func main() {
    var mySlice = []byte{244, 244, 244, 244, 244, 244, 244, 244}
    data := binary.BigEndian.Uint64(mySlice)

How do I convert a String to an InputStream in Java?

You could use a StringReader and convert the reader to an input stream using the solution in this other stackoverflow post.

How do I convert a String to an int in Java?

Simply you can try this:

  • Use Integer.parseInt(your_string); to convert a String to int
  • Use Double.parseDouble(your_string); to convert a String to double


String str = "8955";
int q = Integer.parseInt(str);
System.out.println("Output>>> " + q); // Output: 8955

String str = "89.55";
double q = Double.parseDouble(str);
System.out.println("Output>>> " + q); // Output: 89.55

Converting string to double in C#

private double ConvertToDouble(string s)
        char systemSeparator = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.NumberFormat.CurrencyDecimalSeparator[0];
        double result = 0;
            if (s != null)
                if (!s.Contains(","))
                    result = double.Parse(s, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
                    result = Convert.ToDouble(s.Replace(".", systemSeparator.ToString()).Replace(",", systemSeparator.ToString()));
        catch (Exception e)
                result = Convert.ToDouble(s);
                    result = Convert.ToDouble(s.Replace(",", ";").Replace(".", ",").Replace(";", "."));
                catch {
                    throw new Exception("Wrong string-to-double format");
        return result;

and successfully passed tests are:

        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1.000.007") == 1000007.00);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1.000.007,00") == 1000007.00);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1.000,07") == 1000.07);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1,000,007") == 1000007.00);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1,000,000.07") == 1000000.07);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1,007") == 1.007);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1.07") == 1.07);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1.007") == 1007.00);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1.000.007E-08") == 0.07);
        Debug.Assert(ConvertToDouble("1,000,007E-08") == 0.07);

Converting char[] to byte[]

Edit: Andrey's answer has been updated so the following no longer applies.

Andrey's answer (the highest voted at the time of writing) is slightly incorrect. I would have added this as comment but I am not reputable enough.

In Andrey's answer:

char[] chars = {'c', 'h', 'a', 'r', 's'}
byte[] bytes = Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(CharBuffer.wrap(chars)).array();

the call to array() may not return the desired value, for example:

char[] c = "aaaaaaaaaa".toCharArray();


[97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 0]

As can be seen a zero byte has been added. To avoid this use the following:

char[] c = "aaaaaaaaaa".toCharArray();
ByteBuffer bb = Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(CharBuffer.wrap(c));
byte[] b = new byte[bb.remaining()];


[97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97]

As the answer also alluded to using passwords it might be worth blanking out the array that backs the ByteBuffer (accessed via the array() function):

ByteBuffer bb = Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(CharBuffer.wrap(c));
byte[] b = new byte[bb.remaining()];

How to convert NUM to INT in R?

You can use convert from hablar to change a column of the data frame quickly.


x <- tibble(var = c(1.34, 4.45, 6.98))

x %>% 

gives you:

# A tibble: 3 x 1
1     1
2     4
3     6

What is the difference between Double.parseDouble(String) and Double.valueOf(String)?

Documentation for parseDouble() says "Returns a new double initialized to the value represented by the specified String, as performed by the valueOf method of class Double.", so they should be identical.

How to convert a number to string and vice versa in C++

#include <iostream>
#include <string.h>
using namespace std;
int main() {
   string s="000101";
   int a = stoi(s);
   return 0;


  • 000101
  • 101
  • 1011

Convert Map<String,Object> to Map<String,String>

The following will transform your existing entries.

TransformedMap.decorateTransform(params, keyTransformer, valueTransformer)

Where as

MapUtils.transformedMap(java.util.Map map, keyTransformer, valueTransformer)

only transforms new entries into your map

How could I convert data from string to long in c#

You won't be able to convert it directly to long because of the decimal point i think you should convert it into decimal and then convert it into long something like this:

String strValue[i] = "1100.25";
long l1 = Convert.ToInt64(Convert.ToDecimal(strValue));

hope this helps!

Convert textbox text to integer

Suggest do this in your code-behind before sending down to SQL Server.

 int userVal = int.Parse(txtboxname.Text);

Perhaps try to parse and optionally let the user know.

int? userVal;
if (int.TryParse(txtboxname.Text, out userVal) 
{ MessageBox.Show("Hey, we need an int over here.");   }

The exception you note means that you're not including the value in the call to the stored proc. Try setting a debugger breakpoint in your code at the time you call down into the code that builds the call to SQL Server.

Ensure you're actually attaching the parameter to the SqlCommand.

using (SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connString))
    SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
    cmd.Parameters.Add("@ParamName", SqlDbType.Int);
    cmd.Parameters["@ParamName"].Value = newName;        
    string someReturn = (string)cmd.ExecuteScalar();        

Perhaps fire up SQL Profiler on your database to inspect the SQL statement being sent/executed.

How to convert a Date to a formatted string in

Dim timeFormat As String = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss" = Convert.ToDateTime(txtDate.Value).ToString(timeFormat)


Use the convert function.

SELECT CONVERT(varchar(10), field_name) FROM table_name

Converting integer to digit list

you can use:

First convert the value in a string to iterate it, Them each value can be convert to a Integer value = 12345

l = [ int(item) for item in str(value) ]

How can I convert a char to int in Java?

The ASCII table is arranged so that the value of the character '9' is nine greater than the value of '0'; the value of the character '8' is eight greater than the value of '0'; and so on.

So you can get the int value of a decimal digit char by subtracting '0'.

char x = '9';
int y = x - '0'; // gives the int value 9

Int to Decimal Conversion - Insert decimal point at specified location

Declare it as a decimal which uses the int variable and divide this by 100

int number = 700
decimal correctNumber = (decimal)number / 100;

Edit: Bala was faster with his reaction

C++ floating point to integer type conversions

the easiest technique is to just assign float to int, for example:

int i;
float f;
f = 34.0098;
i = f;

this will truncate everything behind floating point or you can round your float number before.

Converting a string to a date in JavaScript

ISO 8601-esque datestrings, as excellent as the standard is, are still not widely supported.

This is a great resource to figure out which datestring format you should use:

Yes, that means that your datestring could be as simple as as opposed to

"2014/10/13 23:57:52" instead of "2014-10-13 23:57:52"

How to convert / cast long to String?

String strLong = Long.toString(longNumber);

Simple and works fine :-)

Convert integer to hexadecimal and back again


int myInt = 2934;
string myHex = myInt.ToString("X");  // Gives you hexadecimal
int myNewInt = Convert.ToInt32(myHex, 16);  // Back to int again.

See How to: Convert Between Hexadecimal Strings and Numeric Types (C# Programming Guide) for more information and examples.

How do I convert from int to String?

use Integer.toString(tmpInt).trim();

Convert columns to string in Pandas

I usually use this one:


convert double to int

label8.Text = "" + years.ToString("00") + " years";

when you want to send it to a label, or something, and you don't want any fractional component, this is the best way

label8.Text = "" + years.ToString("00.00") + " years";

if you want with only 2, and it's always like that

Create ArrayList from array

as all said this will do so

 new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList("1","2","3","4"));

and the common newest way to create array is observableArrays

ObservableList: A list that allows listeners to track changes when they occur.

for Java SE you can try

FXCollections.observableArrayList(new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3));

that is according to Oracle Docs

observableArrayList() Creates a new empty observable list that is backed by an arraylist. observableArrayList(E... items) Creates a new observable array list with items added to it.

Update Java 9

also in Java 9 it's a little bit easy:

List<String> list = List.of("element 1", "element 2", "element 3");

Javascript String to int conversion

Although parseInt is the official function to do this, you can achieve the same with this code:


The advantage is that you save some characters, which might save bandwidth if your code has to lots of such conversations.

Conversion from byte array to base64 and back

The reason the encoded array is longer by about a quarter is that base-64 encoding uses only six bits out of every byte; that is its reason of existence - to encode arbitrary data, possibly with zeros and other non-printable characters, in a way suitable for exchange through ASCII-only channels, such as e-mail.

The way you get your original array back is by using Convert.FromBase64String:

 byte[] temp_backToBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(temp_inBase64);

convert string to number node.js

You do not have to install something.

parseInt(req.params.year, 10);

should work properly.

console.log(typeof parseInt(req.params.year)); // returns 'number'

What is your output, if you use parseInt? is it still a string?

How to convert string to float?

Use atof() or strtof()* instead:

printf("float value : %4.8f\n" ,atof(s)); 
printf("float value : %4.8f\n" ,strtof(s, NULL));

  • atoll() is meant for integers.
  • atof()/strtof() is for floats.

The reason why you only get 4.00 with atoll() is because it stops parsing when it finds the first non-digit.

*Note that strtof() requires C99 or C++11.

Converting characters to integers in Java


The java.lang.Character.getNumericValue(char ch) returns the int value that the specified Unicode character represents. For example, the character '\u216C' (the roman numeral fifty) will return an int with a value of 50.

The letters A-Z in their uppercase ('\u0041' through '\u005A'), lowercase ('\u0061' through '\u007A'), and full width variant ('\uFF21' through '\uFF3A' and '\uFF41' through '\uFF5A') forms have numeric values from 10 through 35. This is independent of the Unicode specification, which does not assign numeric values to these char values.

This method returns the numeric value of the character, as a nonnegative int value;

-2 if the character has a numeric value that is not a nonnegative integer;

-1 if the character has no numeric value.

And here is the link.

How do I parse a string to a float or int?

I use this function for that

import ast

def parse_str(s):
      return ast.literal_eval(str(s))

It will convert the string to its type

value = parse_str('1')  # Returns Integer
value = parse_str('1.5')  # Returns Float

Returning Month Name in SQL Server Query


CONVERT(varchar(3), DATEPART(MONTH, S0.OrderDateTime) AS OrderMonth


CONVERT(varchar(3), DATENAME(MONTH, S0.OrderDateTime)) AS OrderMonth

Converting List<String> to String[] in Java

I've designed and implemented Dollar for this kind of tasks:

String[] strarray= $(strlist).toArray();

How to convert an Object {} to an Array [] of key-value pairs in JavaScript

I would suggest this simplest solution to use Object.entries()

var obj = {"1":5,"2":7,"3":0,"4":0,"5":0,"6":0,"7":0,"8":0,"9":0,"10":0,"11":0,"12":0}_x000D_
var result =Object.entries(obj)_x000D_

How to convert string to integer in C#

string varString = "15";
int i = int.Parse(varString);


int varI;
string varString = "15";
int.TryParse(varString, out varI);

int.TryParse is safer since if you put something else in varString (for example "fsfdsfs") you would get an exception. By using int.TryParse when string can't be converted into int it will return 0.

How to convert integer to decimal in SQL Server query?

SELECT height/10.0 AS HeightDecimal FROM dbo.whatever;

If you want a specific precision scale, then say so:

SELECT CONVERT(DECIMAL(16,4), height/10.0) AS HeightDecimal
  FROM dbo.whatever;

How to convert char* to wchar_t*?

const char* text_char = "example of mbstowcs";
size_t length = strlen(text_char );

Example of usage "mbstowcs"

std::wstring text_wchar(length, L'#');

//#pragma warning (disable : 4996)
// Or add to the preprocessor: _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS
mbstowcs(&text_wchar[0], text_char , length);

Example of usage "mbstowcs_s"

Microsoft suggest to use "mbstowcs_s" instead of "mbstowcs".


Mbstowcs example

mbstowcs_s, _mbstowcs_s_l

wchar_t text_wchar[30];

mbstowcs_s(&length, text_wchar, text_char, length);

Is true == 1 and false == 0 in JavaScript?

Ah, the dreaded loose comparison operator strikes again. Never use it. Always use strict comparison, === or !== instead.

Bonus fact: 0 == ''

Signed to unsigned conversion in C - is it always safe?

When one unsigned and one signed variable are added (or any binary operation) both are implicitly converted to unsigned, which would in this case result in a huge result.

So it is safe in the sense of that the result might be huge and wrong, but it will never crash.

How to convert integer to string in C?

Making your own itoa is also easy, try this :

char* itoa(int i, char b[]){
    char const digit[] = "0123456789";
    char* p = b;
        *p++ = '-';
        i *= -1;
    int shifter = i;
    do{ //Move to where representation ends
        shifter = shifter/10;
    *p = '\0';
    do{ //Move back, inserting digits as u go
        *--p = digit[i%10];
        i = i/10;
    return b;

or use the standard sprintf() function.

Convert byte[] to char[]

You must know the source encoding.

string someText = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.";
byte[] bytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(someText);
char[] chars = Encoding.Unicode.GetChars(bytes);

cast class into another class or convert class to another

By using following code you can copy any class object to another class object for same name and same type of properties.

public class CopyClass
    /// <summary>
    /// Copy an object to destination object, only matching fields will be copied
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="sourceObject">An object with matching fields of the destination object</param>
    /// <param name="destObject">Destination object, must already be created</param>
    public static void CopyObject<T>(object sourceObject, ref T destObject)
        //  If either the source, or destination is null, return
        if (sourceObject == null || destObject == null)

        //  Get the type of each object
        Type sourceType = sourceObject.GetType();
        Type targetType = destObject.GetType();

        //  Loop through the source properties
        foreach (PropertyInfo p in sourceType.GetProperties())
            //  Get the matching property in the destination object
            PropertyInfo targetObj = targetType.GetProperty(p.Name);
            //  If there is none, skip
            if (targetObj == null)

            //  Set the value in the destination
            targetObj.SetValue(destObject, p.GetValue(sourceObject, null), null);

Call Method Like,

ClassA objA = new ClassA();
ClassB objB = new ClassB();

CopyClass.CopyObject(objOfferMast, ref objB);

It will copy objA into objB.

How do I convert a Python 3 byte-string variable into a regular string?


TO NOT HAVE ANY b and quotes at first and end

How to convert bytes as seen to strings, even in weird situations.

As your code may have unrecognizable characters to 'utf-8' encoding, it's better to use just str without any additional parameters:

some_bad_bytes = b'\x02-\xdfI#)'
text = str( some_bad_bytes )[2:-1]

Output: \x02-\xdfI

if you add 'utf-8' parameter, to these specific bytes, you should receive error.

As PYTHON 3 standard says, text would be in utf-8 now with no concern.

How to convert QString to std::string?

If your ultimate aim is to get debugging messages to the console, you can use qDebug().

You can use like,

qDebug()<<string; which will print the contents to the console.

This way is better than converting it into std::string just for the sake of debugging messages.

C convert floating point to int

my_var = (int)my_var;

As simple as that. Basically you don't need it if the variable is int.

How can I convert String to Int?

Conversion of string to int can be done for: int, Int32, Int64 and other data types reflecting integer data types in .NET

Below example shows this conversion:

This show (for info) data adapter element initialized to int value. The same can be done directly like,

int xxiiqVal = Int32.Parse(strNabcd);


string strNii = "";
UsrDataAdapter.SelectCommand.Parameters["@Nii"].Value = Int32.Parse(strNii );

Link to see this demo.

How to convert an OrderedDict into a regular dict in python3

It is easy to convert your OrderedDict to a regular Dict like this:

dict(OrderedDict([('method', 'constant'), ('data', '1.225')]))

If you have to store it as a string in your database, using JSON is the way to go. That is also quite simple, and you don't even have to worry about converting to a regular dict:

import json
d = OrderedDict([('method', 'constant'), ('data', '1.225')])
dString = json.dumps(d)

Or dump the data directly to a file:

with open('outFile.txt','w') as o:
    json.dump(d, o)

Convert string to datetime

For chinese Rails developers:

DateTime.strptime('2012-12-09 00:01:36', '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
=> Sun, 09 Dec 2012 00:01:36 +0000

SQL error "ORA-01722: invalid number"

This is because:

You executed an SQL statement that tried to convert a string to a number, but it was unsuccessful.

As explained in:

To resolve this error:

Only numeric fields or character fields that contain numeric values can be used in arithmetic operations. Make sure that all expressions evaluate to numbers.

How to convert a data frame column to numeric type?

Considering there might exist char columns, this is based on @Abdou in Get column types of excel sheet automatically answer:

  df[] <- lapply(df, as.character)
  cond <- apply(df, 2, function(x) {
    x <- x[!]
  numeric_cols <- names(df)[cond]
  df[,numeric_cols] <- sapply(df[,numeric_cols], as.numeric)

Easiest way to convert int to string in C++

This worked for me -

My code:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
    int n = 32;
    string s = to_string(n);
    cout << "string: " + s  << endl;
    return 0;

How to convert a double to long without casting?

(new Double(d)).longValue() internally just does a cast, so there's no reason to create a Double object.

How to convert DateTime to a number with a precision greater than days in T-SQL?

SELECT CAST(CONVERT(datetime,'2009-06-15 23:01:00') as float)

yields 39977.9590277778

How Do I Convert an Integer to a String in Excel VBA?

CStr(45) is all you need (the Convert String function)

Converting from byte to int in java

Your array is of byte primitives, but you're trying to call a method on them.

You don't need to do anything explicit to convert a byte to an int, just:

int i=rno[0];

...since it's not a downcast.

Note that the default behavior of byte-to-int conversion is to preserve the sign of the value (remember byte is a signed type in Java). So for instance:

byte b1 = -100;
int i1 = b1;
System.out.println(i1); // -100

If you were thinking of the byte as unsigned (156) rather than signed (-100), as of Java 8 there's Byte.toUnsignedInt:

byte b2 = -100; // Or `= (byte)156;`
int = Byte.toUnsignedInt(b2);
System.out.println(i2); // 156

Prior to Java 8, to get the equivalent value in the int you'd need to mask off the sign bits:

byte b2 = -100; // Or `= (byte)156;`
int i2 = (b2 & 0xFF);
System.out.println(i2); // 156

Just for completeness #1: If you did want to use the various methods of Byte for some reason (you don't need to here), you could use a boxing conversion:

Byte b = rno[0]; // Boxing conversion converts `byte` to `Byte`
int i = b.intValue();

Or the Byte constructor:

Byte b = new Byte(rno[0]);
int i = b.intValue();

But again, you don't need that here.

Just for completeness #2: If it were a downcast (e.g., if you were trying to convert an int to a byte), all you need is a cast:

int i;
byte b;

i = 5;
b = (byte)i;

This assures the compiler that you know it's a downcast, so you don't get the "Possible loss of precision" error.

Convert a Unicode string to a string in Python (containing extra symbols)

No answere worked for my case, where I had a string variable containing unicode chars, and no encode-decode explained here did the work.

If I do in a Terminal

echo "no me llama mucho la atenci\u00f3n"


>>> print("no me llama mucho la atenci\u00f3n")

The output is correct:

output: no me llama mucho la atención

But working with scripts loading this string variable didn't work.

This is what worked on my case, in case helps anybody:

string_to_convert = "no me llama mucho la atenci\u00f3n"
print(json.dumps(json.loads(r'"%s"' % string_to_convert), ensure_ascii=False))
output: no me llama mucho la atención

What is the 'instanceof' operator used for in Java?

As described on this site:

The instanceof operator can be used to test if an object is of a specific type...

if (objectReference instanceof type)

A quick example:

String s = "Hello World!"
return s instanceof String;
//result --> true

However, applying instanceof on a null reference variable/expression returns false.

String s = null;
return s instanceof String;
//result --> false

Since a subclass is a 'type' of its superclass, you can use the instanceof to verify this...

class Parent {
    public Parent() {}

class Child extends Parent {
    public Child() {

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Child child = new Child();
        System.out.println( child instanceof Parent );
//result --> true

I hope this helps!

JavaScript isset() equivalent

Be careful in ES6, all the previous solutions doesn't work if you want to check a declaration of a let variable and declare it, if it isn't


let myTest = 'text';

if(typeof myTest === "undefined") {
    var myTest = 'new text'; // can't be a let because let declare in a scope

you will see a error

Uncaught SyntaxError: Identifier 'myTest' has already been declared

The solution was to change it by a var

var myTest = 'text'; // I replace let by a var

if(typeof myTest === "undefined") {
    var myTest = 'new text';

another solution if you can change a let by a var, you need to remove your var

let myTest = 'text';

if(typeof myTest === "undefined") {
    myTest = 'new text'; // I remove the var declaration

How to set calculation mode to manual when opening an excel file?

The best way around this would be to create an Excel called 'launcher.xlsm' in the same folder as the file you wish to open. In the 'launcher' file put the following code in the 'Workbook' object, but set the constant TargetWBName to be the name of the file you wish to open.

Private Const TargetWBName As String = "myworkbook.xlsx"

'// First, a function to tell us if the workbook is already open...
Function WorkbookOpen(WorkBookName As String) As Boolean
' returns TRUE if the workbook is open
    WorkbookOpen = False
    On Error GoTo WorkBookNotOpen
    If Len(Application.Workbooks(WorkBookName).Name) > 0 Then
        WorkbookOpen = True
        Exit Function
    End If
End Function

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
    'Check if our target workbook is open
    If WorkbookOpen(TargetWBName) = False Then
        'set calculation to manual
        Application.Calculation = xlCalculationManual
        Workbooks.Open ThisWorkbook.Path & "\" & TargetWBName
        Me.Close False
    End If
End Sub

Set the constant 'TargetWBName' to be the name of the workbook that you wish to open. This code will simply switch calculation to manual, then open the file. The launcher file will then automatically close itself. *NOTE: If you do not wish to be prompted to 'Enable Content' every time you open this file (depending on your security settings) you should temporarily remove the 'me.close' to prevent it from closing itself, save the file and set it to be trusted, and then re-enable the 'me.close' call before saving again. Alternatively, you could just set the False to True after Me.Close

convert double to int

int myInt = (int)Math.Ceiling(myDouble);

Cloning an Object in Node.js

There is another library lodash, it has clone and cloneDeep.

clone will clone your object but not create a new instance for non-primitive values, instead it will use the referrence to the original object

cloneDeep will create literally new objects without having any referrence to the original object, so it more safe when you have to change the object afterwards.

How do android screen coordinates work?

For Android API level 13 and you need to use this:

Display display = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay();
Point size = new Point();
int maxX = size.x; 
int maxY = size.y;

Then (0,0) is top left corner and (maxX,maxY) is bottom right corner of the screen.

The 'getWidth()' for screen size is deprecated since API 13

Furthermore getwidth() and getHeight() are methods of android.view.View class in android.So when your java class extends View class there is no windowManager overheads.

          int maxX=getwidht();
          int maxY=getHeight();

as simple as that.

Hive Alter table change Column Name

Change Column Name/Type/Position/Comment:

ALTER TABLE table_name CHANGE [COLUMN] col_old_name col_new_name column_type [COMMENT col_comment] [FIRST|AFTER column_name]


CREATE TABLE test_change (a int, b int, c int);

// will change column a's name to a1
ALTER TABLE test_change CHANGE a a1 INT;

ExecutorService that interrupts tasks after a timeout

You can use a ScheduledExecutorService for this. First you would submit it only once to begin immediately and retain the future that is created. After that you can submit a new task that would cancel the retained future after some period of time.

 ScheduledExecutorService executor = Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(2); 
 final Future handler = executor.submit(new Callable(){ ... });
 executor.schedule(new Runnable(){
     public void run(){
 }, 10000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

This will execute your handler (main functionality to be interrupted) for 10 seconds, then will cancel (i.e. interrupt) that specific task.

Differences between JDK and Java SDK

From this wikipedia entry:

The JDK is a subset of what is loosely defined as a software development kit (SDK) in the general sense. In the descriptions which accompany their recent releases for Java SE, EE, and ME, Sun acknowledge that under their terminology, the JDK forms the subset of the SDK which is responsible for the writing and running of Java programs. The remainder of the SDK is composed of extra software, such as Application Servers, Debuggers, and Documentation.

The "extra software" seems to be Glassfish, MySQL, and NetBeans. This page gives a comparison of the various packages you can get for the Java EE SDK.

MySQL create stored procedure syntax with delimiter

Here is my code to create procedure in MySQL :

CREATE DEFINER=`root`@`localhost` PROCEDURE `procedureName`(IN comId int)
select * from tableName 
         (add joins OR sub query as per your requirement)
         Where (where condition here)
END $$

To call this procedure use this query :

call procedureName(); // without parameter
call procedureName(id,pid); // with parameter

Detail :

1) DEFINER : root is the user name and change it as per your username of mysql localhost is the host you can change it with ip address of the server if you are execute this query on hosting server.

Read here for more detail

How to get address of a pointer in c/c++?

int a = 10;

To get the address of a, you do: &a (address of a) which returns an int* (pointer to int)

int *p = &a;

Then you store the address of a in p which is of type int*.

Finally, if you do &p you get the address of p which is of type int**, i.e. pointer to pointer to int:

int** p_ptr = &p;

just seen your edit:

to print out the pointer's address, you either need to convert it:

printf("address of pointer is: 0x%0X\n", (unsigned)&p);
printf("address of pointer to pointer is: 0x%0X\n", (unsigned)&p_ptr);

or if your printf supports it, use the %p:

printf("address of pointer is: %p\n", p);
printf("address of pointer to pointer is: %p\n", p_ptr);

DataFrame constructor not properly called! error

You are providing a string representation of a dict to the DataFrame constructor, and not a dict itself. So this is the reason you get that error.

So if you want to use your code, you could do:

df = DataFrame(eval(data))

But better would be to not create the string in the first place, but directly putting it in a dict. Something roughly like:

data = []
for row in result_set:
    data.append({'value': row["tag_expression"], 'key': row["tag_name"]})

But probably even this is not needed, as depending on what is exactly in your result_set you could probably:

  • provide this directly to a DataFrame: DataFrame(result_set)
  • or use the pandas read_sql_query function to do this for you (see docs on this)

How to get pixel data from a UIImage (Cocoa Touch) or CGImage (Core Graphics)?

Apple's Technical Q&A QA1509 shows the following simple approach:

CFDataRef CopyImagePixels(CGImageRef inImage)
    return CGDataProviderCopyData(CGImageGetDataProvider(inImage));

Use CFDataGetBytePtr to get to the actual bytes (and various CGImageGet* methods to understand how to interpret them).

Javascript reduce on array of objects

TL;DR, set the initial value

Using destructuring

arr.reduce( ( sum, { x } ) => sum + x , 0)

Without destructuring

arr.reduce( ( sum , cur ) => sum + cur.x , 0)

With Typescript

arr.reduce( ( sum, { x } : { x: number } ) => sum + x , 0)

Let's try the destructuring method:

const arr = [ { x: 1 }, { x: 2 }, { x: 4 } ]
const result = arr.reduce( ( sum, { x } ) => sum + x , 0)
console.log( result ) // 7

The key to this is setting initial value. The return value becomes first parameter of the next iteration.

Technique used in top answer is not idiomatic

The accepted answer proposes NOT passing the "optional" value. This is wrong, as the idiomatic way is that the second parameter always be included. Why? Three reasons:

1. Dangerous -- Not passing in the initial value is dangerous and can create side-effects and mutations if the callback function is careless.


const badCallback = (a,i) => Object.assign(a,i) 

const foo = [ { a: 1 }, { b: 2 }, { c: 3 } ]
const bar = foo.reduce( badCallback )  // bad use of Object.assign
// Look, we've tampered with the original array
foo //  [ { a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 }, { b: 2 }, { c: 3 } ]

If however we had done it this way, with the initial value:

const bar = foo.reduce( badCallback, {})
// foo is still OK
foo // { a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 }

For the record, unless you intend to mutate the original object, set the first parameter of Object.assign to an empty object. Like this: Object.assign({}, a, b, c).

2 - Better Type Inference --When using a tool like Typescript or an editor like VS Code, you get the benefit of telling the compiler the initial and it can catch errors if you're doing it wrong. If you don't set the initial value, in many situations it might not be able to guess and you could end up with creepy runtime errors.

3 - Respect the Functors -- JavaScript shines best when its inner functional child is unleashed. In the functional world, there is a standard on how you "fold" or reduce an array. When you fold or apply a catamorphism to the array, you take the values of that array to construct a new type. You need to communicate the resulting type--you should do this even if the final type is that of the values in the array, another array, or any other type.

Let's think about it another way. In JavaScript, functions can be pass around like data, this is how callbacks work, what is the result of the following code?


Will it return an number? An object? This makes it clearer


Read more on the functional programming spec here:

Some more background

The reduce method takes two parameters,

Array.prototype.reduce( callback, initialItem )

The callback function takes the following parameters

(accumulator, itemInArray, indexInArray, entireArray) => { /* do stuff */ }

For the first iteration,

  • If initialItem is provided, the reduce function passes the initialItem as the accumulator and the first item of the array as the itemInArray.

  • If initialItem is not provided, the reduce function passes the first item in the array as the initialItem and the second item in the array as itemInArray which can be confusing behavior.

I teach and recommend always setting the initial value of reduce.

You can check out the documentation at:

Hope this helps!

jQuery selector for id starts with specific text

Use jquery starts with attribute selector


Alternative solution - 1 (highly recommended)

A cleaner solution is to add a common class to each of the divs & use


But you can use the first one if html markup is not in your hands & cannot change it for some reason.

Alternative solution - 2 (not recommended if n is a large number) (as per @Mihai Stancu's suggestion)

$('#editDialog-0, #editDialog-1, #editDialog-2,...,#editDialog-n')

Note: If there are 2 or 3 selectors and if the list doesn't change, this is probably a viable solution but it is not extensible because we have to update the selectors when there is a new ID in town.

How to convert string to date to string in Swift iOS?

//String to Date Convert

var dateString = "2014-01-12"
var dateFormatter = NSDateFormatter()
dateFormatter.dateFormat = "yyyy-MM-dd"
let s = dateFormatter.dateFromString(dateString)

//CONVERT FROM NSDate to String  

let date = NSDate()
var dateFormatter = NSDateFormatter()
dateFormatter.dateFormat = "yyyy-MM-dd" 
var dateString = dateFormatter.stringFromDate(date)

Why does scanf() need "%lf" for doubles, when printf() is okay with just "%f"?

Because otherwise scanf will think you are passing a pointer to a float which is a smaller size than a double, and it will return an incorrect value.

RecyclerView - How to smooth scroll to top of item on a certain position?

Probably @droidev approach is the correct one, but I just want to publish something a little bit different, which does basically the same job and doesn't require extension of the LayoutManager.

A NOTE here - this is gonna work well if your item (the one that you want to scroll on the top of the list) is visible on the screen and you just want to scroll it to the top automatically. It is useful when the last item in your list has some action, which adds new items in the same list and you want to focus the user on the new added items:

int recyclerViewTop = recyclerView.getTop();
int positionTop = recyclerView.findViewHolderForAdapterPosition(positionToScroll) != null ? recyclerView.findViewHolderForAdapterPosition(positionToScroll).itemView.getTop() : 200;
final int calcOffset = positionTop - recyclerViewTop; 
//then the actual scroll is gonna happen with (x offset = 0) and (y offset = calcOffset)
recyclerView.scrollBy(0, offset);

The idea is simple: 1. We need to get the top coordinate of the recyclerview element; 2. We need to get the top coordinate of the view item that we want to scroll to the top; 3. At the end with the calculated offset we need to do

recyclerView.scrollBy(0, offset);

200 is just example hard coded integer value that you can use if the viewholder item doesn't exist, because that is possible as well.

SQL to add column and comment in table in single command

Add comments for two different columns of the EMPLOYEE table :

     (WORKDEPT IS 'see DEPARTMENT table for names',
     EDLEVEL IS 'highest grade level passed in school' )

How to run .APK file on emulator

You need to install the APK on the emulator. You can do this with the adb command line tool that is included in the Android SDK.

adb -e install -r yourapp.apk

Once you've done that you should be able to run the app.

The -e and -r flags might not be necessary. They just specify that you are using an emulator (if you also have a device connected) and that you want to replace the app if it already exists.

How to make Python speak

I prefer to use the Google Text To Speech library because it has a more natural voice.

from gtts import gTTS
def speak(text):
  tts = gTTS(text=text, lang="en")
  filename = "voice.mp3"

There is one limitation. gTTS can only convert text to speech and save. So you will have to find another module or function to play that file. (Ex: playsound)

Playsound is a very simple module that has one function, which is to play sound.

import playsound
def play(filename):

You can call playsound.playsound() directly after saving the mp3 file.

PHP If Statement with Multiple Conditions

if($var == "abc" || $var == "def" || ...)
    echo "true";

Using "Or" instead of "And" would help here, i think

How to use numpy.genfromtxt when first column is string and the remaining columns are numbers?

For a dataset of this format:

CONFIG000   1080.65 1080.87 1068.76 1083.52 1084.96 1080.31 1081.75 1079.98
CONFIG001   414.6   421.76  418.93  415.53  415.23  416.12  420.54  415.42
CONFIG010   1091.43 1079.2  1086.61 1086.58 1091.14 1080.58 1076.64 1083.67
CONFIG011   391.31  392.96  391.24  392.21  391.94  392.18  391.96  391.66
CONFIG100   1067.08 1062.1  1061.02 1068.24 1066.74 1052.38 1062.31 1064.28
CONFIG101   371.63  378.36  370.36  371.74  370.67  376.24  378.15  371.56
CONFIG110   1060.88 1072.13 1076.01 1069.52 1069.04 1068.72 1064.79 1066.66
CONFIG111   350.08  350.69  352.1   350.19  352.28  353.46  351.83  350.94

This code works for my application:

def ShowData(data, names):
    i = 0
    while i < data.shape[0]:
        print(names[i] + ": ")
        j = 0
        while j < data.shape[1]:
            j += 1
        i += 1

def Main():
    print("The sample data is: ")
    fname = 'ANOVA.csv'
    csv = numpy.genfromtxt(fname, dtype=str, delimiter=",")
    num_rows = csv.shape[0]
    num_cols = csv.shape[1]
    names = csv[:,0]
    data = numpy.genfromtxt(fname, usecols = range(1,num_cols), delimiter=",")
    print(str(num_rows) + "x" + str(num_cols))
    ShowData(data, names)

Python-2 output:

The sample data is:
['CONFIG000' 'CONFIG001' 'CONFIG010' 'CONFIG011' 'CONFIG100' 'CONFIG101'
 'CONFIG110' 'CONFIG111']
[[ 1080.65  1080.87  1068.76  1083.52  1084.96  1080.31  1081.75  1079.98]
 [  414.6    421.76   418.93   415.53   415.23   416.12   420.54   415.42]
 [ 1091.43  1079.2   1086.61  1086.58  1091.14  1080.58  1076.64  1083.67]
 [  391.31   392.96   391.24   392.21   391.94   392.18   391.96   391.66]
 [ 1067.08  1062.1   1061.02  1068.24  1066.74  1052.38  1062.31  1064.28]
 [  371.63   378.36   370.36   371.74   370.67   376.24   378.15   371.56]
 [ 1060.88  1072.13  1076.01  1069.52  1069.04  1068.72  1064.79  1066.66]
 [  350.08   350.69   352.1    350.19   352.28   353.46   351.83   350.94]]








How can I delete derived data in Xcode 8?

For Xcode Version 8.2 (8C38), you can remove the projects completely (project name in Xcode, programs, data, etc.) one by one by doing the following: [Note: the instructions are not for just remove the project names from the Welcome Window]

Launch the Xocde and wait until the Welcome window is displayed. The projects will be shown on the right hand side (see below) Xcode Welcome Window

Right click the project you want to remove completely and a pop window [Show in Folder] jumps out; selec it to find out where is the project in the [Finder] (see below) Find the project folder

Right click the project folder in the Finder to find it’s path through [Get Info]; use path in the Info window to go to the parent folder, and go to there[Locate the project folder path] (see below)

Right click the Project Folder (e.g. DemoProject01) and Porject file (DemoProject01.xcodeproj) and select [Move to Trash] ; you will see that (a) the folder in finder is removed AND (b) the Project in the Xcode Welcome Window’s Project List is removed.

Microsoft Azure: How to create sub directory in a blob container

In Azure Portal we have below option while uploading file :

enter image description here

Are there any Java method ordering conventions?

Are you using Eclipse? If so I would stick with the default member sort order, because that is likely to be most familiar to whoever reads your code (although it is not my favourite sort order.)

Setting format and value in input type="date"

Canadian locale happens to follow the same format, too:

new Date().toLocaleDateString('en-CA')

Iterate over elements of List and Map using JSTL <c:forEach> tag

Mark, this is already answered in your previous topic. But OK, here it is again:

Suppose ${list} points to a List<Object>, then the following

<c:forEach items="${list}" var="item">

does basically the same as as following in "normal Java":

for (Object item : list) {

If you have a List<Map<K, V>> instead, then the following

<c:forEach items="${list}" var="map">
    <c:forEach items="${map}" var="entry">

does basically the same as as following in "normal Java":

for (Map<K, V> map : list) {
    for (Entry<K, V> entry : map.entrySet()) {

The key and value are here not special methods or so. They are actually getter methods of Map.Entry object (click at the blue Map.Entry link to see the API doc). In EL (Expression Language) you can use the . dot operator to access getter methods using "property name" (the getter method name without the get prefix), all just according the Javabean specification.

That said, you really need to cleanup the "answers" in your previous topic as they adds noise to the question. Also read the comments I posted in your "answers".

Sum of two input value by jquery

Because at least one value is a string the + operator is being interpreted as a string concatenation operator. The simplest fix for this is to indicate that you intend for the values to be interpreted as numbers.

var total = +a + +b;


$('#total_price').val(+a + +b);

Or, better, just pull them out as numbers to begin with:

var a = +$('input[name=service_price]').val();
var b = +$('input[name=modem_price]').val();
var total = a+b;

See Mozilla's Unary + documentation.

Note that this is only a good idea if you know the value is going to be a number anyway. If this is user input you must be more careful and probably want to use parseInt and other validation as other answers suggest.

Ionic 2: Cordova is not available. Make sure to include cordova.js or run in a device/simulator (running in emulator)

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { NavController } from 'ionic-angular';
import { EmailComposer } from '@ionic-native/email-composer';

  selector: 'page-about',
  templateUrl: 'about.html'
export class AboutPage {
  sendObj = {
    to: '',
    cc: '',
    bcc: '',

  constructor(public navCtrl: NavController,private emailComposer: EmailComposer) {}

  let email = {
    bcc: this.sendObj.bcc,
    attachments: [this.sendObj.attachments],
    subject: this.sendObj.subject,
    body: this.sendObj.body,
    isHtml: true

starts here html about

      Send Invoice

<ion-content padding>
    <ion-label stacked>To</ion-label>
    <ion-input [(ngModel)]=""></ion-input>
    <ion-label stacked>CC</ion-label>
    <ion-input [(ngModel)]=""></ion-input>
    <ion-label stacked>BCC</ion-label>
    <ion-input [(ngModel)]="sendObj.bcc"></ion-input>
    <ion-label stacked>Add pdf</ion-label>
    <ion-input [(ngModel)]="sendObj.attachments" type="file"></ion-input>
    <ion-label stacked>Subject</ion-label>
    <ion-input [(ngModel)]="sendObj.subject"></ion-input>
    <ion-label stacked>Text message</ion-label>
    <ion-input [(ngModel)]="sendObj.body"></ion-input>

  <button ion-button full (click)="sendEmail()">Send Email</button>


other stuff here

import { NgModule, ErrorHandler } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { IonicApp, IonicModule, IonicErrorHandler } from 'ionic-angular';
import { MyApp } from './app.component';

import { AboutPage } from '../pages/about/about';
import { ContactPage } from '../pages/contact/contact';
import { HomePage } from '../pages/home/home';
import { TabsPage } from '../pages/tabs/tabs';

import { StatusBar } from '@ionic-native/status-bar';
import { SplashScreen } from '@ionic-native/splash-screen';

import { File } from '@ionic-native/file';
import { FileOpener } from '@ionic-native/file-opener';
import { EmailComposer } from '@ionic-native/email-composer';

  declarations: [
  imports: [
  bootstrap: [IonicApp],
  entryComponents: [
  providers: [
    {provide: ErrorHandler, useClass: IonicErrorHandler},  
export class AppModule {}

Regular expression to allow spaces between words

I assume you don't want leading/trailing space. This means you have to split the regex into "first character", "stuff in the middle" and "last character":

^[a-zA-Z0-9_][a-zA-Z0-9_ ]*[a-zA-Z0-9_]$

or if you use a perl-like syntax:

^\w[\w ]*\w$

Also: If you intentionally worded your regex that it also allows empty Strings, you have to make the entire thing optional:

^(\w[\w ]*\w)?$

If you want to only allow single space chars, it looks a bit different:

^((\w+ )*\w+)?$

This matches 0..n words followed by a single space, plus one word without space. And makes the entire thing optional to allow empty strings.

Get the system date and split day, month and year

Without opening an IDE to check my brain works properly for syntax at this time of day...

If you simply want the date in a particular format you can use DateTime's .ToString(string format). There are a number of examples of standard and custom formatting strings if you follow that link.


DateTime _date = DateTime.Now;
var _dateString = _date.ToString("dd/MM/yyyy");

would give you the date as a string in the format you request.

Best Practices for Custom Helpers in Laravel 5

First create helpers.php inside App\Http directory. Then add the following code inside the composer.json

"autoload": {
        "classmap": [
        "files": [
        "psr-4": {
            "App\\": "app/"

Next run the following command

composer dump-autoload

Now you can define your custom function inside the helpers.php file.

Removing "http://" from a string

Something like this ought to do:

$url = preg_replace("|^.+?://|", "", $url); 

Removes everything up to and including the ://

Combine several images horizontally with Python

I would try this:

import numpy as np
import PIL
from PIL import Image

list_im = ['Test1.jpg', 'Test2.jpg', 'Test3.jpg']
imgs    = [ for i in list_im ]
# pick the image which is the smallest, and resize the others to match it (can be arbitrary image shape here)
min_shape = sorted( [(np.sum(i.size), i.size ) for i in imgs])[0][1]
imgs_comb = np.hstack( (np.asarray( i.resize(min_shape) ) for i in imgs ) )

# save that beautiful picture
imgs_comb = PIL.Image.fromarray( imgs_comb) 'Trifecta.jpg' )    

# for a vertical stacking it is simple: use vstack
imgs_comb = np.vstack( (np.asarray( i.resize(min_shape) ) for i in imgs ) )
imgs_comb = PIL.Image.fromarray( imgs_comb) 'Trifecta_vertical.jpg' )

It should work as long as all images are of the same variety (all RGB, all RGBA, or all grayscale). It shouldn't be difficult to ensure this is the case with a few more lines of code. Here are my example images, and the result:








combined images


enter image description here

Having a UITextField in a UITableViewCell

For next/return events on multiple UITextfield inside UITableViewCell in this method I had taken UITextField in storyboard.

@interface MyViewController () {
    NSInteger currentTxtRow;
@property (strong, nonatomic) NSIndexPath   *currentIndex;//Current Selected Row

@implementation MyViewController

- (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath {

        UITableViewCell *cell = [tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:@"CELL" forIndexPath:indexPath];
        cell.selectionStyle = UITableViewCellSelectionStyleNone;

        UITextField *txtDetails = (UITextField *)[cell.contentView viewWithTag:100];
        txtDetails.delegate = self;

        txtDetails.placeholder = self.arrReciversDetails[indexPath.row];
        return cell;

#pragma mark - UITextFieldDelegate
- (BOOL)textFieldShouldBeginEditing:(UITextField *)textField {

    CGPoint point = [textField convertPoint:CGPointZero toView:self.tableView];
    self.currentIndex = [self.tableView indexPathForRowAtPoint:point];//Get Current UITableView row
    currentTxtRow = self.currentIndex.row;
    return YES;

- (BOOL)textFieldShouldReturn:(UITextField *)textField {
    currentTxtRow += 1;
    self.currentIndex = [NSIndexPath indexPathForRow:currentTxtRow inSection:0];

    UITableViewCell *cell = [self.tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:self.currentIndex];
    UITextField *currentTxtfield = (UITextField *)[cell.contentView viewWithTag:100];
    if (currentTxtRow < 3) {//Currently I have 3 Cells each cell have 1 UITextfield
        [currentTxtfield becomeFirstResponder];
    } else {
        [self.view endEditing:YES];
        [currentTxtfield resignFirstResponder];


To grab the text from textfield-

- (BOOL)textField:(UITextField *)textField shouldChangeCharactersInRange:(NSRange)range replacementString:(NSString *)string {
      switch (self.currentIndex.row) {

            case 0:
                NSLog(@"%@",[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",textField.text,string]);//Take current word and previous text from textfield

            case 1:
                 NSLog(@"%@",[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",textField.text,string]);//Take current word and previous text from textfield

            case 2:
                 NSLog(@"%@",[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",textField.text,string]);//Take current word and previous text from textfield


Determining if Swift dictionary contains key and obtaining any of its values

Looks like you got what you need from @matt, but if you want a quick way to get a value for a key, or just the first value if that key doesn’t exist:

extension Dictionary {
    func keyedOrFirstValue(key: Key) -> Value? {
        // if key not found, replace the nil with 
        // the first element of the values collection
        return self[key] ?? first(self.values)
        // note, this is still an optional (because the
        // dictionary could be empty)

let d = ["one":"red", "two":"blue"]

d.keyedOrFirstValue("one")  // {Some "red"}
d.keyedOrFirstValue("two")  // {Some "blue"}
d.keyedOrFirstValue("three")  // {Some "red”}

Note, no guarantees what you'll actually get as the first value, it just happens in this case to return “red”.

Argument list too long error for rm, cp, mv commands

Or you can try:

find . -name '*.pdf' -exec rm -f {} \;

Get multiple elements by Id

You can get the multiple element by id by identifying what element it is. For example

<div id='id'></div>
<div id='id'></div>
<div id='id'></div>

I assume if you are using jQuery you can select all them all by


. This will get you array of elements you loop them based on your logic.

how can I check if a file exists?

For anyone who is looking a way to watch a specific file to exist in VBS:

Function bIsFileDownloaded(strPath, timeout)
  Dim FSO, fileIsDownloaded
  set FSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
  fileIsDownloaded = false
  limit = DateAdd("s", timeout, Now)
  Do While Now < limit
    If FSO.FileExists(strPath) Then : fileIsDownloaded = True : Exit Do : End If
    WScript.Sleep 1000      
  Set FSO = Nothing
  bIsFileDownloaded = fileIsDownloaded
End Function


FileName = "C:\test.txt"
fileIsDownloaded = bIsFileDownloaded(FileName, 5) ' keep watching for 5 seconds

If fileIsDownloaded Then
  WScript.Echo Now & " File is Downloaded: " & FileName
  WScript.Echo Now & " Timeout, file not found: " & FileName 
End If

Can you test google analytics on a localhost address?

For those using google tag manager to integrate with google analytics events you can do what the guys mentioned about to set the cookies flag to none from GTM it self

enter image description here

open GTM > variables > google analytics variables > and set the cookies tag to none

Should I use pt or px?

Have a look at this excellent article at CSS-Tricks:

Taken from the article:


The final unit of measurement that it is possible to declare font sizes in is point values (pt). Point values are only for print CSS! A point is a unit of measurement used for real-life ink-on-paper typography. 72pts = one inch. One inch = one real-life inch like-on-a-ruler. Not an inch on a screen, which is totally arbitrary based on resolution.

Just like how pixels are dead-accurate on monitors for font-sizing, point sizes are dead-accurate on paper. For the best cross-browser and cross-platform results while printing pages, set up a print stylesheet and size all fonts with point sizes.

For good measure, the reason we don't use point sizes for screen display (other than it being absurd), is that the cross-browser results are drastically different:


If you need fine-grained control, sizing fonts in pixel values (px) is an excellent choice (it's my favorite). On a computer screen, it doesn't get any more accurate than a single pixel. With sizing fonts in pixels, you are literally telling browsers to render the letters exactly that number of pixels in height:

Windows, Mac, aliased, anti-aliased, cross-browsers, doesn't matter, a font set at 14px will be 14px tall. But that isn't to say there won't still be some variation. In a quick test below, the results were slightly more consistent than with keywords but not identical:

Due to the nature of pixel values, they do not cascade. If a parent element has an 18px pixel size and the child is 16px, the child will be 16px. However, font-sizing settings can be using in combination. For example, if the parent was set to 16px and the child was set to larger, the child would indeed come out larger than the parent. A quick test showed me this:

"Larger" bumped the 16px of the parent into 20px, a 25% increase.

Pixels have gotten a bad wrap in the past for accessibility and usability concerns. In IE 6 and below, font-sizes set in pixels cannot be resized by the user. That means that us hip young healthy designers can set type in 12px and read it on the screen just fine, but when folks a little longer in the tooth go to bump up the size so they can read it, they are unable to. This is really IE 6's fault, not ours, but we gots what we gots and we have to deal with it.

Setting font-size in pixels is the most accurate (and I find the most satisfying) method, but do take into consideration the number of visitors still using IE 6 on your site and their accessibility needs. We are right on the bleeding edge of not needing to care about this anymore.

Sql query to insert datetime in SQL Server

you need to add it like

insert into table1(date1) values('12-mar-2013');

How to update parent's state in React?

so, if you want to update parent component,

 class ParentComponent extends React.Component {
            this.state = {

            console.log(val) // 1

          return (
              <ChildComponent onChange={this.handler} />

class ChildComponent extends React.Component {
    constructor(props) {
        this.state = {

    someMethod = (page) => {
        this.setState({ page: page });

    render() {
        return (
            onClick={() => this.someMethod()} 
       > Click

Here onChange is an attribute with "handler" method bound to it's instance. we passed the method handler to the Child class component, to receive via onChange property in its props argument.

The attribute onChange will be set in a props object like this:

props ={
onChange : this.handler

and passed to the child component

So the Child component can access the value of name in the props object like this props.onChange

Its done through the use of render props.

Now the Child component has a button “Click” with an onclick event set to call the handler method passed to it via onChnge in its props argument object. So now this.props.onChange in Child holds the output method in the Parent class Reference and credits: Bits and Pieces

Java: Enum parameter in method

Even cooler with enums you can use switch:

switch (align) {
   case LEFT: { 
      // do stuff
   case RIGHT: {
      // do stuff
   default: { //added TOP_RIGHT but forgot about it?
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Can't yet handle " + align);


Enums are cool because the output of the exception will be the name of the enum value, rather than some arbitrary int value.

How to know the size of the string in bytes?

You can use encoding like ASCII to get a character per byte by using the System.Text.Encoding class.

or try this


Error:Unable to locate adb within SDK in Android Studio

Just go your SDK Manager and install Android SDK Tools

How to POST a JSON object to a JAX-RS service

I faced the same 415 http error when sending objects, serialized into JSON, via PUT/PUSH requests to my JAX-rs services, in other words my server was not able to de-serialize the objects from JSON. In my case, the server was able to serialize successfully the same objects in JSON when sending them into its responses.

As mentioned in the other responses I have correctly set the Accept and Content-Type headers to application/json, but it doesn't suffice.


I simply forgot a default constructor with no parameters for my DTO objects. Yes this is the same reasoning behind @Entity objects, you need a constructor with no parameters for the ORM to instantiate objects and populate the fields later.

Adding the constructor with no parameters to my DTO objects solved my issue. Here follows an example that resembles my code:


public class NumberDTO {
    public NumberDTO(Number number) {
        this.number = number;

    private Number number;

    public Number getNumber() {
        return number;

    public void setNumber(Number string) {
        this.number = string;


public class NumberDTO {

    public NumberDTO() {

    public NumberDTO(Number number) {
        this.number = number;

    private Number number;

    public Number getNumber() {
        return number;

    public void setNumber(Number string) {
        this.number = string;

I lost hours, I hope this'll save yours ;-)

Ways to save enums in database

Unless you have specific performance reasons to avoid it, I would recommend using a separate table for the enumeration. Use foreign key integrity unless the extra lookup really kills you.

Suits table:

suit_id suit_name
1       Clubs
2       Hearts
3       Spades
4       Diamonds

Players table

player_name suit_id
Ian Boyd           4
Shelby Lake        2
  1. If you ever refactor your enumeration to be classes with behavior (such as priority), your database already models it correctly
  2. Your DBA is happy because your schema is normalized (storing a single integer per player, instead of an entire string, which may or may not have typos).
  3. Your database values (suit_id) are independent from your enumeration value, which helps you work on the data from other languages as well.

Assign value from successful promise resolve to external variable

You could provide your function with the object and its attribute. Next, do what you need to do inside the function. Finally, assign the value returned in the promise to the right place in your object. Here's an example:

let myFunction = function (vm, feed) {
    getFeed().then( data => {
        vm[feed] = data

myFunction(vm, "feed")

You can also write a self-invoking function if you want.

scikit-learn random state in splitting dataset

The random_state is an integer value which implies the selection of a random combination of train and test. When you set the test_size as 1/4 the there is a set generated of permutation and combination of train and test and each combination has one state. Suppose you have a dataset---> [1,2,3,4]

Train   |  Test   | State
[1,2,3]    [4]      **0**
[1,3,4]    [2]      **1**
[4,2,3]    [1]      **2**
[2,4,1]    [3]      **3**

We need it because while param tuning of model same state will considered again and again. So that there won't be any inference with the accuracy.

But in case of Random forest there is also similar story but in a different way w.r.t the variables.

Convert a python 'type' object to a string

In case you want to use str() and a custom str method. This also works for repr.

class TypeProxy:
    def __init__(self, _type):
        self._type = _type

    def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        return self._type(*args, **kwargs)

    def __str__(self):
        return self._type.__name__

    def __repr__(self):
        return "TypeProxy(%s)" % (repr(self._type),)

>>> str(TypeProxy(str))
>>> str(TypeProxy(type("")))

How can I count all the lines of code in a directory recursively?

First change the directory to which you want to know the number of lines.

For example, if I want to know the number of lines in all files of a directory named sample, give $cd sample.

Then try the command $wc -l *. This will return the number of lines for each file and also the total number of lines in the entire directory at the end.

Calculating frames per second in a game

Set counter to zero. Each time you draw a frame increment the counter. After each second print the counter. lather, rinse, repeat. If yo want extra credit, keep a running counter and divide by the total number of seconds for a running average.

How to display a list of images in a ListView in Android?

Six years on, this is still at the top for some searches. Things have changed a lot since then. Now the defacto standard is more or less to use Volley and the NetworkImageView which takes care of the heavy lifting for you.

Assuming that you already have your Apaters, Loaders and ListFragments setup properly, this official google tutorial explains how to use NetworkImageView to load the images. Images are automatically loaded in a background thread and the view updated on the UI thread. It even supports caching.

Convert a row of a data frame to vector

When you extract a single row from a data frame you get a one-row data frame. Convert it to a numeric vector:


As @Roland suggests, unlist(df[1,]) will convert the one-row data frame to a numeric vector without dropping the names. Therefore unname(unlist(df[1,])) is another, slightly more explicit way to get to the same result.

As @Josh comments below, if you have a not-completely-numeric (alphabetic, factor, mixed ...) data frame, you need as.character(df[1,]) instead.

ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error: character string buffer too small

This may also happen if you have a faulty or accidental equation in your csv file. i.e - One of the cells in your csv file starts with an equals sign (=) (An excel equation) which will, in turn throw an error. If you fix, or remove this equation by getting rid of the equals sign, it should solve the ORA-06502 error.

Setting a max character length in CSS

Try my solution with 2 different ways.

<div class="wrapper">
      <p class="demo-1">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Ut odio temporibus voluptas error distinctio hic quae corrupti vero doloribus optio! Inventore ex quaerat modi blanditiis soluta maiores illum, ab velit.</p>

<div class="wrapper">
  <p class="demo-2">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Ut odio temporibus voluptas error distinctio hic quae corrupti vero doloribus optio! Inventore ex quaerat modi blanditiis soluta maiores illum, ab velit.</p>

.wrapper {
  padding: 20px;
  background: #eaeaea;
  max-width: 400px;
  margin: 50px auto;

.demo-1 {
  overflow: hidden;
  display: -webkit-box;
  -webkit-line-clamp: 3;
  -webkit-box-orient: vertical;

.demo-2 {
  overflow: hidden;
  white-space: nowrap;
  text-overflow: ellipsis;
  max-width: 150px;

How to replace all strings to numbers contained in each string in Notepad++?

Replace (.*")\d+(")

With $1x$2

Where x is your "value inside scopes".

What are the -Xms and -Xmx parameters when starting JVM?

-Xms initial heap size for the startup, however, during the working process the heap size can be less than -Xms due to users' inactivity or GC iterations. This is not a minimal required heap size.

-Xmx maximal heap size

Factory Pattern. When to use factory methods?

Factory methods should be considered as an alternative to constructors - mostly when constructors aren't expressive enough, ie.

class Foo{
  public Foo(bool withBar);

is not as expressive as:

class Foo{
  public static Foo withBar();
  public static Foo withoutBar();

Factory classes are useful when you need a complicated process for constructing the object, when the construction need a dependency that you do not want for the actual class, when you need to construct different objects etc.

How to move from one fragment to another fragment on click of an ImageView in Android?

you can move to another fragment by using the FragmentManager transactions. Fragment can not be called like activities,. Fragments exists on the existance of activities.

You can call another fragment by writing the code below:

        FragmentTransaction t = this.getFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
        Fragment mFrag = new MyFragment();
        t.replace(, mFrag);

here "" is the id of the layout on which you want to replace the fragment.

you can also add the other fragment incase of replace.

Add animated Gif image in Iphone UIImageView

I know that an answer has already been approved, but its hard not to try to share that I've created an embedded framework that adds Gif support to iOS that feels just like if you were using any other UIKit Framework class.

Here's an example:

UIGifImage *gif = [[UIGifImage alloc] initWithData:imageData];
anUiImageView.image = gif;

Download the latest release from

-- Sal

How to show PIL images on the screen?

I tested this and it works fine for me:

from PIL import Image
im ='image.jpg')

Escape dot in a regex range

On this web page, I see that:

"Remember that the dot is not a metacharacter inside a character class, so we do not need to escape it with a backslash."

So I guess the escaping of it is unnecessary...

jdk7 32 bit windows version to download

As detailed in the Oracle Java SE Support Roadmap

After April 2015, Oracle will no longer post updates of Java SE 7 to its public download sites. Existing Java SE 7 downloads already posted as of April 2015 will remain accessible in the Java Archive

Check the Java SE 7 Archive Downloads page. The last release was update 80, therefore the 32-bit filename to download is jdk-7u80-windows-i586.exe (64-bit is named jdk-7u80-windows-x64.exe.

Old Java downloads also require a sign on to an Oracle account now :-( however with some crafty cookie creating one can use wget to grab the file without signing in.

wget --no-cookies --no-check-certificate --header "Cookie:; oraclelicense=accept-securebackup-cookie" ""

How can I lock a file using java (if possible)

Use a RandomAccessFile, get it's channel, then call lock(). The channel provided by input or output streams does not have sufficient privileges to lock properly. Be sure to call unlock() in the finally block (closing the file doesn't necessarily release the lock).

How to merge a transparent png image with another image using PIL

As olt already pointed out, Image.paste doesn't work properly, when source and destination both contain alpha.

Consider the following scenario:

Two test images, both contain alpha:

enter image description here enter image description here

layer1 ="layer1.png")
layer2 ="layer2.png")

Compositing image using Image.paste like so:

final1 ="RGBA", layer1.size)
final1.paste(layer1, (0,0), layer1)
final1.paste(layer2, (0,0), layer2)

produces the following image (the alpha part of the overlayed red pixels is completely taken from the 2nd layer. The pixels are not blended correctly):

enter image description here

Compositing image using Image.alpha_composite like so:

final2 ="RGBA", layer1.size)
final2 = Image.alpha_composite(final2, layer1)
final2 = Image.alpha_composite(final2, layer2)

produces the following (correct) image:

enter image description here

How to configure custom PYTHONPATH with VM and PyCharm?

In pycharm 5 follow this,

1)Open the Settings dialog box, and click Project Interpreter page.
2)In the Projects pane, choose the desired project.
3)For the selected project, choose SDK from the list of available Python interpreters and virtual environments.

How to download image from url

Most of the posts that I found will timeout after a second iteration. Particularly if you are looping through a bunch if images as I have been. So to improve the suggestions above here is the entire method:

public System.Drawing.Image DownloadImage(string imageUrl)
        System.Drawing.Image image = null;

            System.Net.HttpWebRequest webRequest = (System.Net.HttpWebRequest)System.Net.HttpWebRequest.Create(imageUrl);
            webRequest.AllowWriteStreamBuffering = true;
            webRequest.Timeout = 30000;
            webRequest.ServicePoint.ConnectionLeaseTimeout = 5000;
            webRequest.ServicePoint.MaxIdleTime = 5000;

            using (System.Net.WebResponse webResponse = webRequest.GetResponse())

                using (System.IO.Stream stream = webResponse.GetResponseStream())
                    image = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(stream);

            webRequest = null; 
        catch (Exception ex)
            throw new Exception(ex.Message, ex);


        return image;

Is there a way to 'uniq' by column?

well, simpler than isolating the column with awk, if you need to remove everything with a certain value for a given file, why not just do grep -v:

e.g. to delete everything with the value "col2" in the second place line: col1,col2,col3,col4

grep -v ',col2,' file > file_minus_offending_lines

If this isn't good enough, because some lines may get improperly stripped by possibly having the matching value show up in a different column, you can do something like this:

awk to isolate the offending column: e.g.

awk -F, '{print $2 "|" $line}'

the -F sets the field delimited to ",", $2 means column 2, followed by some custom delimiter and then the entire line. You can then filter by removing lines that begin with the offending value:

 awk -F, '{print $2 "|" $line}' | grep -v ^BAD_VALUE

and then strip out the stuff before the delimiter:

awk -F, '{print $2 "|" $line}' | grep -v ^BAD_VALUE | sed 's/.*|//g'

(note -the sed command is sloppy because it doesn't include escaping values. Also the sed pattern should really be something like "[^|]+" (i.e. anything not the delimiter). But hopefully this is clear enough.

Exception: "URI formats are not supported"

I solved the same error with the Path.Combine(MapPath()) to get the physical file path instead of the http:/// www one.

How do I retrieve an HTML element's actual width and height?

... seems CSS help to put div on center ...

 .monitor {
 position:fixed;/* ... absolute possible if on :root */
 .wrapper {
 width:200px;/* this is size range */

 .content {
 width: 100%;height:100%;


 <div class="monitor">
  <div class="wrapper">
   <div class="content">

 ... so you hav div 200px*100px on center ...


jQuery access input hidden value

If you want to select an individual hidden field, you can select it through the different selectors of jQuery :

<input type="hidden" id="hiddenField" name="hiddenField" class="hiddenField"/> 

$("#hiddenField").val(); //by id
$("[name='hiddenField']").val(); // by name
$(".hiddenField").val(); // by class

assignment operator overloading in c++

Under the circumstances, you're almost certainly better off skipping the check for self-assignment -- when you're only assigning one member that seems to be a simple type (probably a double), it's generally faster to do that assignment than avoid it, so you'd end up with:

SimpleCircle & SimpleCircle::operator=(const SimpleCircle & rhs)
    itsRadius = rhs.getRadius(); // or just `itsRadius = rhs.itsRadius;`
    return *this;

I realize that many older and/or lower quality books advise checking for self assignment. At least in my experience, however, it's sufficiently rare that you're better off without it (and if the operator depends on it for correctness, it's almost certainly not exception safe).

As an aside, I'd note that to define a circle, you generally need a center and a radius, and when you copy or assign, you want to copy/assign both.

What does a lazy val do?

I understand that the answer is given but I wrote a simple example to make it easy to understand for beginners like me:

var x = { println("x"); 15 }
lazy val y = { println("y"); x + 1 }
x = 17
println("y is: " + y)

Output of above code is:

y is: 18

As it can be seen, x is printed when it's initialized, but y is not printed when it's initialized in same way (I have taken x as var intentionally here - to explain when y gets initialized). Next when y is called, it's initialized as well as value of last 'x' is taken into consideration but not the old one.

Hope this helps.

How to calculate time elapsed in bash script?


To measure elapsed time (in seconds) we need:

  • an integer that represents the count of elapsed seconds and
  • a way to convert such integer to an usable format.

An integer value of elapsed seconds:

  • There are two bash internal ways to find an integer value for the number of elapsed seconds:

    1. Bash variable SECONDS (if SECONDS is unset it loses its special property).

      • Setting the value of SECONDS to 0:

        sleep 1  # Process to execute
      • Storing the value of the variable SECONDS at the start:

        sleep 1  # Process to execute
        elapsedseconds=$(( SECONDS - a ))
    2. Bash printf option %(datefmt)T:

      a="$(TZ=UTC0 printf '%(%s)T\n' '-1')"    ### `-1`  is the current time
      sleep 1                                  ### Process to execute
      elapsedseconds=$(( $(TZ=UTC0 printf '%(%s)T\n' '-1') - a ))

Convert such integer to an usable format

The bash internal printf can do that directly:

$ TZ=UTC0 printf '%(%H:%M:%S)T\n' 12345


$ elapsedseconds=$((12*60+34))
$ TZ=UTC0 printf '%(%H:%M:%S)T\n' "$elapsedseconds"

but this will fail for durations of more than 24 hours, as we actually print a wallclock time, not really a duration:

$ hours=30;mins=12;secs=24
$ elapsedseconds=$(( ((($hours*60)+$mins)*60)+$secs ))
$ TZ=UTC0 printf '%(%H:%M:%S)T\n' "$elapsedseconds"

For the lovers of detail, from

%(FORMAT)T outputs the date-time string resulting from using FORMAT as a format string for strftime(3). The associated argument is the number of seconds since Epoch, or -1 (current time) or -2 (shell startup time). If no corresponding argument is supplied, the current time is used as default.

So you may want to just call textifyDuration $elpasedseconds where textifyDuration is yet another implementation of duration printing:

textifyDuration() {
   local duration=$1
   local shiff=$duration
   local secs=$((shiff % 60));  shiff=$((shiff / 60));
   local mins=$((shiff % 60));  shiff=$((shiff / 60));
   local hours=$shiff
   local splur; if [ $secs  -eq 1 ]; then splur=''; else splur='s'; fi
   local mplur; if [ $mins  -eq 1 ]; then mplur=''; else mplur='s'; fi
   local hplur; if [ $hours -eq 1 ]; then hplur=''; else hplur='s'; fi
   if [[ $hours -gt 0 ]]; then
      txt="$hours hour$hplur, $mins minute$mplur, $secs second$splur"
   elif [[ $mins -gt 0 ]]; then
      txt="$mins minute$mplur, $secs second$splur"
      txt="$secs second$splur"
   echo "$txt (from $duration seconds)"

GNU date.

To get formated time we should use an external tool (GNU date) in several ways to get up to almost a year length and including Nanoseconds.

Math inside date.

There is no need for external arithmetic, do it all in one step inside date:

date -u -d "0 $FinalDate seconds - $StartDate seconds" +"%H:%M:%S"

Yes, there is a 0 zero in the command string. It is needed.

That's assuming you could change the date +"%T" command to a date +"%s" command so the values will be stored (printed) in seconds.

Note that the command is limited to:

  • Positive values of $StartDate and $FinalDate seconds.
  • The value in $FinalDate is bigger (later in time) than $StartDate.
  • Time difference smaller than 24 hours.
  • You accept an output format with Hours, Minutes and Seconds. Very easy to change.
  • It is acceptable to use -u UTC times. To avoid "DST" and local time corrections.

If you must use the 10:33:56 string, well, just convert it to seconds,
also, the word seconds could be abbreviated as sec:

StartDate=$(date -u -d "$string1" +"%s")
FinalDate=$(date -u -d "$string2" +"%s")
date -u -d "0 $FinalDate sec - $StartDate sec" +"%H:%M:%S"

Note that the seconds time conversion (as presented above) is relative to the start of "this" day (Today).

The concept could be extended to nanoseconds, like this:

StartDate=$(date -u -d "$string1" +"%s.%N")
FinalDate=$(date -u -d "$string2" +"%s.%N")
date -u -d "0 $FinalDate sec - $StartDate sec" +"%H:%M:%S.%N"

If is required to calculate longer (up to 364 days) time differences, we must use the start of (some) year as reference and the format value %j (the day number in the year):

Similar to:

string1="+10 days 10:33:56.5400022"
string2="+35 days 10:36:10.8800056"
StartDate=$(date -u -d "2000/1/1 $string1" +"%s.%N")
FinalDate=$(date -u -d "2000/1/1 $string2" +"%s.%N")
date -u -d "2000/1/1 $FinalDate sec - $StartDate sec" +"%j days %H:%M:%S.%N"

026 days 00:02:14.340003400

Sadly, in this case, we need to manually subtract 1 ONE from the number of days. The date command view the first day of the year as 1. Not that difficult ...

a=( $(date -u -d "2000/1/1 $FinalDate sec - $StartDate sec" +"%j days %H:%M:%S.%N") )
a[0]=$((10#${a[0]}-1)); echo "${a[@]}"

The use of long number of seconds is valid and documented here:

Busybox date

A tool used in smaller devices (a very small executable to install): Busybox.

Either make a link to busybox called date:

$ ln -s /bin/busybox date

Use it then by calling this date (place it in a PATH included directory).

Or make an alias like:

$ alias date='busybox date'

Busybox date has a nice option: -D to receive the format of the input time. That opens up a lot of formats to be used as time. Using the -D option we can convert the time 10:33:56 directly:

date -D "%H:%M:%S" -d "10:33:56" +"%Y.%m.%d-%H:%M:%S"

And as you can see from the output of the Command above, the day is assumed to be "today". To get the time starting on epoch:

$ string1="10:33:56"
$ date -u -D "%Y.%m.%d-%H:%M:%S" -d "1970.01.01-$string1" +"%Y.%m.%d-%H:%M:%S"

Busybox date can even receive the time (in the format above) without -D:

$ date -u -d "1970.01.01-$string1" +"%Y.%m.%d-%H:%M:%S"

And the output format could even be seconds since epoch.

$ date -u -d "1970.01.01-$string1" +"%s"

For both times, and a little bash math (busybox can not do the math, yet):

t1=$(date -u -d "1970.01.01-$string1" +"%s")
t2=$(date -u -d "1970.01.01-$string2" +"%s")
echo $(( t2 - t1 ))

Or formatted:

$ date -u -D "%s" -d "$(( t2 - t1 ))" +"%H:%M:%S"

Maven error in eclipse (pom.xml) : Failure to transfer org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:pom:2.12.4

You need just to follow those steps:

  1. Right Click on your project: Run (As) -> Maven clean
  2. Right Click on your project: Run (As) -> Maven install

After which, if the build fails when you do Maven Install, it means there is no web.xml file under WEB-INF or some problem associated with it. it really works

Iterate through DataSet

Just loop...

foreach(var table in DataSet1.Tables) {
    foreach(var col in table.Columns) {
    foreach(var row in table.Rows) {
        object[] values = row.ItemArray;

Convert a String In C++ To Upper Case

The answer of @dirkgently is very inspiring, but I want to emphasize that due to the concern as is shown below,

Like all other functions from , the behavior of std::toupper is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char
Reference: std::toupper

As the standard does not specify if plain char is signed or unsigned[1], the correct usage of std::toupper should be:

#include <algorithm>
#include <cctype>
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <string>

void ToUpper(std::string& input)
    std::for_each(std::begin(input), std::end(input), [](char& c) {
        c = static_cast<char>(std::toupper(static_cast<unsigned char>(c)));

int main()
    std::string s{ "Hello world!" };
    std::cout << s << std::endl;
    std::cout << s << std::endl;

    return 0;


Hello world!

How to Export Private / Secret ASC Key to Decrypt GPG Files

I think you had not yet import the private key as the message error said, To import public/private key from gnupg:

gpg --import mypub_key
gpg --allow-secret-key-import --import myprv_key

Instantly detect client disconnection from server socket

This is simply not possible. There is no physical connection between you and the server (except in the extremely rare case where you are connecting between two compuers with a loopback cable).

When the connection is closed gracefully, the other side is notified. But if the connection is disconnected some other way (say the users connection is dropped) then the server won't know until it times out (or tries to write to the connection and the ack times out). That's just the way TCP works and you have to live with it.

Therefore, "instantly" is unrealistic. The best you can do is within the timeout period, which depends on the platform the code is running on.

EDIT: If you are only looking for graceful connections, then why not just send a "DISCONNECT" command to the server from your client?

How can I get the key value in a JSON object?

You can simply traverse through the object and return if a match is found.

Here is the code:

returnKeyforValue : function() {
    var JsonObj= { "one":1, "two":2, "three":3, "four":4, "five":5 };
        for (key in JsonObj) {
        if(JsonObj[key] === "Keyvalue") {
            return key;

Query grants for a table in postgres

This query will list all of the tables in all of the databases and schemas (uncomment the line(s) in the WHERE clause to filter for specific databases, schemas, or tables), with the privileges shown in order so that it's easy to see if a specific privilege is granted or not:

SELECT grantee
      ,string_agg(privilege_type, ', ' ORDER BY privilege_type) AS privileges
FROM information_schema.role_table_grants 
WHERE grantee != 'postgres' 
--  and table_catalog = 'somedatabase' /* uncomment line to filter database */
--  and table_schema  = 'someschema'   /* uncomment line to filter schema  */
--  and table_name    = 'sometable'    /* uncomment line to filter table  */
GROUP BY 1, 2, 3, 4;

Sample output:

grantee |table_catalog   |table_schema  |table_name     |privileges     |
PUBLIC  |adventure_works |pg_catalog    |pg_sequence    |SELECT         |
PUBLIC  |adventure_works |pg_catalog    |pg_sequences   |SELECT         |
PUBLIC  |adventure_works |pg_catalog    |pg_settings    |SELECT, UPDATE |

What is the difference between Builder Design pattern and Factory Design pattern?

A complex construction is when the object to be constructed is composed of different other objects which are represented by abstractions.

Consider a menu in McDonald's. A menu contains a drink, a main and a side. Depending on which descendants of the individual abstractions are composed together, the created menu has another representation.

  1. Example: Cola, Big Mac, French Fries
  2. Example: Sprite, Nuggets, Curly Fries

There, we got two instances of the menu with different representations. The process of construction in turn remains the same. You create a menu with a drink, a main and a side.

By using the builder pattern, you separate the algorithm of creating a complex object from the different components used to create it.

In terms of the builder pattern, the algorithm is encapsulated in the director whereas the builders are used to create the integral parts. Varying the used builder in the algorithm of the director results in a different representation because other parts are composed to a menu. The way a menu is created remains the same.

How to secure MongoDB with username and password

User creation with password for a specific database to secure database access :

use dbName

     user: "dbUser",
     pwd: "dbPassword",
     roles: [ "readWrite", "dbAdmin" ]

Access restriction on class due to restriction on required library rt.jar?

for me this how I solve it:

  • go to the build path of the current project

under Libraries

  • select the "JRE System Library [jdk1.8xxx]"
  • click edit
  • and select either "Workspace default JRE(jdk1.8xx)" OR Alternate JRE
  • Click finish
  • Click OK

enter image description here

Note: make sure that in Eclipse / Preferences (NOT the project) / Java / Installed JRE ,that the jdk points to the JDK folder not the JRE C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_74

enter image description here

close fxml window by code, javafx

I implemented this in the following way after receiving a NullPointerException from the accepted answer.

In my FXML:

<Button onMouseClicked="#onMouseClickedCancelBtn" text="Cancel">

In my Controller class:

@FXML public void onMouseClickedCancelBtn(InputEvent e) {
    final Node source = (Node) e.getSource();
    final Stage stage = (Stage) source.getScene().getWindow();

ISO time (ISO 8601) in Python

I found the datetime.isoformat in the documentation. It seems to do what you want:


Return a string representing the date and time in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.mmmmmm or, if microsecond is 0, YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS

If utcoffset() does not return None, a 6-character string is appended, giving the UTC offset in (signed) hours and minutes: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.mmmmmm+HH:MM or, if microsecond is 0 YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS+HH:MM

The optional argument sep (default 'T') is a one-character separator, placed between the date and time portions of the result. For example,

>>> from datetime import tzinfo, timedelta, datetime
>>> class TZ(tzinfo):
...     def utcoffset(self, dt): return timedelta(minutes=-399)
>>> datetime(2002, 12, 25, tzinfo=TZ()).isoformat(' ')
'2002-12-25 00:00:00-06:39'

How can I provide multiple conditions for data trigger in WPF?

To elaborate on @serine's answer and illustrate working with non-trivial multi-valued condition: I had a need to show a "dim-out" overlay on an item for the boolean condition NOT a AND (b OR NOT c).

For background, this is a "Multiple Choice" question. If the user picks a wrong answer it becomes disabled (dimmed out and cannot be selected again). An automated agent has the ability to focus on any particular choice to give an explanation (border highlighted). When the agent focuses on an item, it should not be dimmed out even if it is disabled. All items that are not in focused are marked de-focused, and should be dimmed out.

The logic for dimming is thus:

NOT IsFocused AND (IsDefocused OR NOT Enabled)

To implement this logic, I made a generic IMultiValueConverter named (awkwardly) to match my logic

// 'P' represents a parenthesis
//     !  a &&  ( b ||  !  c )
class NOT_a_AND_P_b_OR_NOT_c_P : IMultiValueConverter
    // redacted [...] for brevity
    public object Convert(object[] values, ...)
        bool a = System.Convert.ToBoolean(values[0]);
        bool b = System.Convert.ToBoolean(values[1]);
        bool c = System.Convert.ToBoolean(values[2]);

        return !a && (b || !c);

In the XAML I use this in a MultiDataTrigger in a <Style><Style.Triggers> resource

        <!-- when the equation is TRUE ... -->
        <Condition Value="True">
                <MultiBinding Converter="{StaticResource NOT_a_AND_P_b_OR_NOT_c_P}">
                    <!-- NOT IsFocus AND ( IsDefocused OR NOT Enabled ) -->
                    <Binding Path="IsFocus"/>
                    <Binding Path="IsDefocused" />
                    <Binding Path="Enabled" />
        <!-- ... show the 'dim-out' overlay -->
        <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" />

And for completeness sake, my converter is defined in a ResourceDictionary

<ResourceDictionary xmlns:conv="clr-namespace:My.Converters" ...>
    <conv:NOT_a_AND_P_b_OR_NOT_c_P x:Key="NOT_a_AND_P_b_OR_NOT_c_P" />

How to get ID of the last updated row in MySQL?

SET @uids := "";
UPDATE myf___ingtable
   SET id = id
   WHERE id < 5
  AND ( SELECT @uids := CONCAT_WS(',', CAST(id AS CHAR CHARACTER SET utf8), @uids) );
SELECT @uids;

I had to CAST the id (dunno why)... or I cannot get the @uids content (it was a blob) Btw many thanks for Pomyk answer!

Access props inside quotes in React JSX

Best practices are to add getter method for that :

getImageURI() {
  return "images/" + this.props.image;

<img className="image" src={this.getImageURI()} />

Then , if you have more logic later on, you can maintain the code smoothly.

Getting a union of two arrays in JavaScript

With the arrival of ES6 with sets and splat operator (at the time of being works only in Firefox, check compatibility table), you can write the following cryptic one liner:

var a = [34, 35, 45, 48, 49];_x000D_
var b = [48, 55];_x000D_
var union = [ Set([...a, ...b])];_x000D_

Little explanation about this line: [...a, ...b] concatenates two arrays, you can use a.concat(b) as well. new Set() create a set out of it and thus your union. And the last [...x] converts it back to an array.

How to compare two vectors for equality element by element in C++?

C++11 standard on == for std::vector

Others have mentioned that operator== does compare vector contents and works, but here is a quote from the C++11 N3337 standard draft which I believe implies that.

We first look at Chapter 23.2.1 "General container requirements", which documents things that must be valid for all containers, including therefore std::vector.

That section Table 96 "Container requirements" which contains an entry:

Expression   Operational semantics
===========  ======================
a == b       distance(a.begin(), a.end()) == distance(b.begin(), b.end()) &&
             equal(a.begin(), a.end(), b.begin())

The distance part of the semantics means that the size of both containers are the same, but stated in a generalized iterator friendly way for non random access addressable containers. distance() is defined at 24.4.4 "Iterator operations".

Then the key question is what does equal() mean. At the end of the table we see:

Notes: the algorithm equal() is defined in Clause 25.

and in section 25.2.11 "Equal" we find its definition:

template<class InputIterator1, class InputIterator2>
bool equal(InputIterator1 first1, InputIterator1 last1,
           InputIterator2 first2);

template<class InputIterator1, class InputIterator2,
class BinaryPredicate>
bool equal(InputIterator1 first1, InputIterator1 last1,
           InputIterator2 first2, BinaryPredicate pred);

1 Returns: true if for every iterator i in the range [first1,last1) the following corresponding conditions hold: *i == *(first2 + (i - first1)), pred(*i, *(first2 + (i - first1))) != false. Otherwise, returns false.

In our case, we care about the overloaded version without BinaryPredicate version, which corresponds to the first pseudo code definition *i == *(first2 + (i - first1)), which we see is just an iterator-friendly definition of "all iterated items are the same".

Similar questions for other containers:

What USB driver should we use for the Nexus 5?

Everything else here failed for me initially (it kept coming up as an MTP device no matter how many times I uninstalled and restarted).

However, by going and enabling USB debugging, it worked. Just do this:

  1. Uninstall the Nexus 5 driver
  2. Disconnect from the computer
  3. Enable developer options, see How to Enable Developer Options on the Nexus 5 & KitKat.
  4. Enable USB debugging: Go to Settings -> Developer Options -> USB Debugging
  5. Reconnect
  6. It will probably fail to install all drivers. Go update the drivers as described in other answers.

Casting LinkedHashMap to Complex Object

I had similar Issue where we have GenericResponse object containing list of values

 ResponseEntity<ResponseDTO> responseEntity =

Usage of objectMapper helped in converting LinkedHashMap into respective DTO objects

 ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();

 List<DriverLocationDTO> driverlocationsList = mapper.convertValue(responseDTO.getData(), new TypeReference<List<DriverLocationDTO>>() { });

How do I send a cross-domain POST request via JavaScript?

Keep it simple:

  1. cross-domain POST:
    use crossDomain: true,

  2. shouldn't refresh the page:
    No, it will not refresh the page as the success or error async callback will be called when the server send back the response.

Example script:

        type: "POST",
        url: "",
        crossDomain: true,
        data: 'param1=value1&param2=value2',
        success: function (data) {
            // do something with server response data
        error: function (err) {
            // handle your error logic here

'^M' character at end of lines

Try using dos2unix to strip off the ^M.

matplotlib: how to change data points color based on some variable

This is what matplotlib.pyplot.scatter is for.

As a quick example:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Generate data...
t = np.linspace(0, 2 * np.pi, 20)
x = np.sin(t)
y = np.cos(t)


enter image description here

How to convert a String to a Date using SimpleDateFormat?

String newstr = "08/16/2011";
SimpleDateFormat format1 = new SimpleDateFormat("MM/dd/yyyy");
SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("EE MMM dd hh:mm:ss z yyyy");
Calendar c = Calendar.getInstance();

how to attach url link to an image?


<style type="text/css">
#example {
    display: block;
    width: 30px;
    height: 10px;
    background: url(../images/example.png) no-repeat;
    text-indent: -9999px;

<a href="" id="example">See an example!</a>

More wordy, but it may benefit SEO, and it will look like nice simple text with CSS disabled.

What is Scala's yield?

It is used in sequence comprehensions (like Python's list-comprehensions and generators, where you may use yield too).

It is applied in combination with for and writes a new element into the resulting sequence.

Simple example (from scala-lang)

/** Turn command line arguments to uppercase */
object Main {
  def main(args: Array[String]) {
    val res = for (a <- args) yield a.toUpperCase
    println("Arguments: " + res.toString)

The corresponding expression in F# would be

[ for a in args -> a.toUpperCase ]


from a in args select a.toUpperCase 

in Linq.

Ruby's yield has a different effect.

Set value of hidden input with jquery

Suppose you have a hidden input, named XXX, if you want to assign a value to the following

<script type="text/javascript">

    $('#XXX').val('any value');

How to find GCD, LCM on a set of numbers

int lcmcal(int i,int y)
    int n,x,s=1,t=1;

TCPDF output without saving file

Print the PDF header (using header() function) like: header("Content-type: application/pdf");

and then just echo the content of the PDF file you created (instead of writing it to disk).

How do I implement a callback in PHP?

well... with 5.3 on the horizon, all will be better, because with 5.3, we'll get closures and with them anonymous functions

Removing duplicates from a SQL query (not just "use distinct")

Arbitrarily choosing to keep the minimum PIC_ID. Also, avoid using the implicit join syntax.

            ON U.EMAIL_ID = P1.EMAIL_ID
            ON P1.PIC_ID = P.PIC_ID

How ViewBag in ASP.NET MVC works

ViewBag is used to pass data from Controller Action to view to render the data that being passed. Now you can pass data using between Controller Action and View either by using ViewBag or ViewData. ViewBag: It is type of Dynamic object, that means you can add new fields to viewbag dynamically and access these fields in the View. You need to initialize the object of viewbag at the time of creating new fields.

e.g: 1. Creating ViewBag: ViewBag.FirstName="John";

  1. Accessing View: @ViewBag.FirstName.

WhatsApp API (java/python)

From my blog


There is a secret pilot program which WhatsApp is working on with selected businesses

News coverage:

For some of my technical experiments, I was trying to figure out how beneficial and feasible it is to implement bots for different chat platforms in terms of market share and so possibilities of adaptation. Especially when you have bankruptly failed twice, it's important to validate ideas and fail more faster.

Popular chat platforms like Messenger, Slack, Skype etc. have happily (in the sense officially) provided APIs for bots to interact with, but WhatsApp has not yet provided any API.

However, since many years, a lot of activities has happened around this - struggle towards automated interaction with WhatsApp platform:

  1. Bots App Bots App is interesting because it shows that something is really tried and tested.

  2. Yowsup A project still actively developed to interact with WhatsApp platform.

  3. Yallagenie Yallagenie claim that there is a demo bot which can be interacted with at +971 56 112 6652

  4. Hubtype Hubtype is working towards having a bot platform for WhatsApp for business.

  5. Fred Fred's task was to automate WhatsApp conversations, however since it was not officially supported by WhatsApp - it was shut down.

  6. Oye Gennie A bot blocked by WhatsApp.

  7. App/Website to WhatsApp We can use custom URL schemes and Android intent system to interact with WhatsApp but still NOT WhatsApp API.

  8. Chat API daemon Probably created by inspecting the API calls in WhatsApp web version. NOT affiliated with WhatsApp.

  9. WhatsBot Deactivated WhatsApp bot. Created during a hackathon.

  10. No API claim WhatsApp co-founder clearly stated this in a conference that they did not had any plans for APIs for WhatsApp.

  11. Bot Ware They probably are expecting WhatsApp to release their APIs for chat bot platforms.

  12. Vixi They seems to be talking about how some platform which probably would work for WhatsApp. There is no clarity as such.

  13. Unofficial API This API can shut off any time.

    And the number goes on...

HAX kernel module is not installed

If you are running a modern Intel processor make sure HAXM (Intel® Hardware Accelerated Execution Manager) is installed:

  1. In Android SDK Manager, ensure the option is ticked (and then installed)

  2. Run the HAXM installer via the path below:


This video shows all the required steps which may help you to solve the problem.

For AMD CPUs (or older Intel CPUs without VT-x technology), you will not be able to install this and the best option is to emulate your apps using Genymotion. See: Intel's HAXM equivalent for AMD on Windows OS

How to clear all input fields in a specific div with jQuery?

Change this:

 <div class=fetch_results>

To this:

 <div id="fetch_results">

Then the following should work:

$("#fetch_results input").each(function() {
      this.value = "";

How to find the day, month and year with moment.js

Just try with:

var check = moment(n.entry.date_entered, 'YYYY/MM/DD');

var month = check.format('M');
var day   = check.format('D');
var year  = check.format('YYYY');


Loading state button in Bootstrap 3

You need to detect the click from js side, your HTML remaining same. Note: this method is deprecated since v3.5.5 and removed in v4.

$("button").click(function() {
    var $btn = $(this);
    // simulating a timeout
    setTimeout(function () {
    }, 1000);

Also, don't forget to load jQuery and Bootstrap js (based on jQuery) file in your page.


Official Documentation

Spring-boot default profile for integration tests

In my case I have different depending on the environment, something like: (base file)

and contains a property to pick the proper file.

For my integration tests, I created a new file inside test/resources and with the @TestPropertySource({ "/" }) annotation this is the file who is in charge of picking the I want depending on my needs for those tests

How to stash my previous commit?

An alternative solution uses the stash:


~/dev/gitpro $git stash list

~/dev/gitpro $git log --oneline -3

* 7049dd5 (HEAD -> master) c111
* 3f1fa3d c222
* 0a0f6c4 c333
  1. git reset head~1 <--- head shifted one back to c222; working still contains c111 changes
  2. git stash push -m "commit 111" <--- staging/working (containing c111 changes) stashed; staging/working rolled back to revised head (containing c222 changes)
  3. git reset head~1 <--- head shifted one back to c333; working still contains c222 changes
  4. git stash push -m "commit 222" <--- staging/working (containing c222 changes) stashed; staging/working rolled back to revised head (containing c333 changes)
  5. git stash pop stash@{1} <--- oldest stash entry with c111 changes removed & applied to staging/working
  6. git commit -am "commit 111" <-- new commit with c111's changes becomes new head

note you cannot run 'git stash pop' without specifying the stash@{1} entry. The stash is a LIFO stack -- not FIFO -- so that would incorrectly pop the stash@{0} entry with c222's changes (instead of stash@{1} with c111's changes).

note if there are conflicting chunks between commits 111 and 222, then you'll be forced to resolve them when attempting to pop. (This would be the case if you went with an alternative rebase solution as well.)


~/dev/gitpro $git stash list

stash@{0}: On master: c222

~/dev/gitpro $git log -2 --oneline

* edbd9e8 (HEAD -> master) c111
* 0a0f6c4 c333

How to stop creating .DS_Store on Mac?

Open Terminal. Execute this command:

defaults write DSDontWriteNetworkStores true

Either restart the computer or log out and back in to the user account.

for more informations:

Android - Spacing between CheckBox and text

Maybe it is to late, but I've created utility methods to manage this issue.

Just add this methods to your utils:

public static void setCheckBoxOffset(@NonNull  CheckBox checkBox, @DimenRes int offsetRes) {
    float offset = checkBox.getResources().getDimension(offsetRes);
    setCheckBoxOffsetPx(checkBox, offset);

public static void setCheckBoxOffsetPx(@NonNull CheckBox checkBox, float offsetInPx) {
    int leftPadding;
        leftPadding = checkBox.getPaddingLeft() + (int) (offsetInPx + 0.5f);
    } else {
        leftPadding = (int) (offsetInPx + 0.5f);

And use like this:

    ViewUtils.setCheckBoxOffset(mAgreeTerms, R.dimen.space_medium);

or like this:

    // Be careful with this usage, because it sets padding in pixels, not in dp!
    ViewUtils.setCheckBoxOffsetPx(mAgreeTerms, 100f);

How can I recover the return value of a function passed to multiprocessing.Process?

The pebble package has a nice abstraction leveraging multiprocessing.Pipe which makes this quite straightforward:

from pebble import concurrent

def function(arg, kwarg=0):
    return arg + kwarg

future = function(1, kwarg=1)


Example from:

Class has no member named

The reason that the error is occuring is because all the files are not being recognized as being in the same project directory. The easiest way to fix this is to simply create a new project.

File -> Project -> Console application -> Next -> select C or C++ -> Name the project and select the folder to create the project in -> then click finish.

Then to create the class and header files by clicking New -> Class. Give the class a name and uncheck "Use relative path." Make sure you are creating the class and header file in the same project folder.

After these steps, the left side of the IDE will display the Sources and Headers folders, with main.cpp, theclassname.cpp, and theclassname.h all conviently arranged.

How can I loop through a C++ map of maps?

Do something like this:

typedef std::map<std::string, std::string> InnerMap;
typedef std::map<std::string, InnerMap> OuterMap;

Outermap mm;

...//set the initial values

for (OuterMap::iterator i = mm.begin(); i != mm.end(); ++i) {
    InnerMap &im = i->second;
    for (InnerMap::iterator ii = im.begin(); ii != im.end(); ++ii) {
        std::cout << "map[" 
                  << i->first 
                  << "][" 
                  << ii->first 
                  << "] =" 
                  << ii->second 
                  << '\n';

Java 8 Stream and operation on arrays

You can turn an array into a stream by using

int[] ns = new int[] {1,2,3,4,5};;

Once you've got your stream, you can use any of the methods described in the documentation, like sum() or whatever. You can map or filter like in Python by calling the relevant stream methods with a Lambda function: -> n * 2); -> n % 4 == 0);

Once you're done modifying your stream, you then call toArray() to convert it back into an array to use elsewhere:

int[] ns = new int[] {1,2,3,4,5};
int[] ms = -> n * 2).filter(n -> n % 4 == 0).toArray();

How can I force browsers to print background images in CSS?

Browsers, by default, have their option to print background-colors and images turned off. You can add some lines in CSS to bypass this. Just add:

* {
    -webkit-print-color-adjust: exact !important;   /* Chrome, Safari */
    color-adjust: exact !important;                 /*Firefox*/

jQuery get html of container including the container itself

$.fn.outerHtml = function(){
    if (this.length) {
        var div = $('<div style="display:none"></div>');
        var clone =
        var outer = div.html();
        return outer;
    else {
        return null;

from 4.0 has not been registered

I had this problem on Windows 8.1 which wouldn't support the aspnet_regiis -i approach.

Instead you need to go to Control Panel, locate the "Turn Windows features on or off" option and drill down as follows:

Internet Information Services -> World Wide Web Services -> Application Development Features and check the "ASP.NET 4.5" option. In checking this box, other options such as ".NET Extensibility 4.5" and the ISAPI options will be checked automatically.

Apply the changes by clicking OK. Restart your website in IIS and your site should now be accessible.

Angular 2 router.navigate

If the first segment doesn't start with / it is a relative route. router.navigate needs a relativeTo parameter for relative navigation

Either you make the route absolute:

this.router.navigate(['/foo-content', 'bar-contents', 'baz-content', 'page'], this.params.queryParams)

or you pass relativeTo

this.router.navigate(['../foo-content', 'bar-contents', 'baz-content', 'page'], {queryParams: this.params.queryParams, relativeTo: this.currentActivatedRoute})

See also

AngularJS ng-if with multiple conditions

OR operator:

<div ng-repeat="k in items">
    <div ng-if="k || 'a' or k == 'b'">
        <!-- SOME CONTENT -->

Even though it is simple enough to read, I hope as a developer you are use better names than 'a' 'k' 'b' etc..

For Example:

<div class="links-group" ng-repeat="group in groups" ng-show="!group.hidden">
    <li ng-if="user.groups.admin || group.title == 'Home Pages'"> 

Another OR example

<p ng-if="group.title != 'Dispatcher News' or group.title != 'Coordinator News'" style="padding: 5px;">No links in group.</p>

AND operator (For those stumbling across this stackoverflow answer looking for an AND instead of OR condition)

<div class="links-group" ng-repeat="group in groups" ng-show="!group.hidden">
    <li ng-if="user.groups.admin && group.title == 'Home Pages'"> 

Powershell get ipv4 address into a variable

Here are three methods using windows powershell and/or powershell core, listed from fastest to slowest. You can assign it to a variable of your choosing.

Method 1: (this method is the fastest and works in both windows powershell and powershell core)
$ipAddress = (Get-NetIPAddress | Where-Object {$_.AddressState -eq "Preferred" -and $_.ValidLifetime -lt "24:00:00"}).IPAddress

Method 2: (this method is as fast as method 1 but it does not work with powershell core)
$ipAddress = (Test-Connection -ComputerName (hostname) -Count 1 | Select -ExpandProperty IPv4Address).IPAddressToString

Method 3: (although the slowest, it works on both windows powershell and powershell core)
$ipAddress = (Get-NetIPConfiguration | Where-Object {$_.IPv4DefaultGateway -ne $null -and $_.NetAdapter.status -ne "Disconnected"}).IPv4Address.IPAddress

Session 'app' error while installing APK

None of the above worked for me, the simplest solution was to go to

File > invalidate caches/restart > invalidate and restart

enter image description here

Selecting distinct values from a JSON

As you can see here, when you have more values there is a better approach.

temp = {}
// Store each of the elements in an object keyed of of the name field.  If there is a collision (the name already exists) then it is just replaced with the most recent one.
for (var i = 0; i < varjson.DATA.length; i++) {
    temp[varjson.DATA[i].name] = varjson.DATA[i];
// Reset the array in varjson
varjson.DATA = [];
// Push each of the values back into the array.
for (var o in temp) {

Here we are creating an object with the name as the key. The value is simply the original object from the array. Doing this, each replacement is O(1) and there is no need to check if it already exists. You then pull each of the values out and repopulate the array.

For smaller arrays, your approach is slightly faster.

This will not preserve the original order.

How can I access the MySQL command line with XAMPP for Windows?

For Linux:

/opt/lampp/bin/mysql -u root -p

To use just 'mysql -u root -p' command then add '/opt/lampp/bin' to the PATH of the environment variables.

Excel VBA - Sum up a column

Here is what you can do if you want to add a column of numbers in Excel. ( I am using Excel 2010 but should not make a difference.)

Example: Lets say you want to add the cells in Column B form B10 to B100 & want the answer to be in cell X or be Variable X ( X can be any cell or any variable you create such as Dim X as integer, etc). Here is the code:

Range("B5") = "=SUM(B10:B100)"


X = "=SUM(B10:B100)

There are no quotation marks inside the parentheses in "=Sum(B10:B100) but there are quotation marks inside the parentheses in Range("B5"). Also there is a space between the equals sign and the quotation to the right of it.

It will not matter if some cells are empty, it will simply see them as containing zeros!

This should do it for you!

Access Denied for User 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES) - No Privileges?

I worked on Access Denied for User 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES) for several hours, I have found following solution,

The answer to this problem was that in the my.cnf located within

the line was either 
bind-address = 
bind-address = localhost
bind-address =

I should prefer that

I should also prefer, it is more flexible 
because which will allow all connections

C# : changing listbox row color?

Once you've added your listbox item to your form, change DrawMode with OwnerDrawFixed option from the Properties panel. If you forget to do this, none of the codes below will work. Then click DrawItem event from the Events area.

private void listBox1_DrawItem(object sender, DrawItemEventArgs e)
   // 1. Get the item
   string selectedItem = listBox1.Items[e.Index].ToString();
   // 2. Choose font 
   Font font = new Font("Arial", 12);
   // 3. Choose colour
   SolidBrush solidBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.Red);
   // 4. Get bounds
   int left = e.Bounds.Left;
   int top = e.Bounds.Top;
   // 5. Use Draw the background within the bounds
   // 6. Colorize listbox items
   e.Graphics.DrawString(selectedItem, font, solidBrush, left, top);

convert string to specific datetime format?

More formats:

 require 'date'

 date = "01/07/2016 09:17AM"
 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%A, %b %d")
 #=> Friday, Jul 01

 #=> 07/01/2016

 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%m-%e-%y %H:%M")
 #=> 07- 1-16 09:17

 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%b %e")
 #=> Jul  1

 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%l:%M %p")
 #=>  9:17 AM

 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%B %Y")
 #=> July 2016
 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%b %d, %Y")
 #=> Jul 01, 2016
 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%a, %e %b %Y %H:%M:%S %z")
 #=> Fri,  1 Jul 2016 09:17:00 +0200
 #=> 2016-07-01T 9:17:00+0200
 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%I:%M:%S %p")
 #=> 09:17:00 AM
 #=> 09:17:00
 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%e %b %Y %H:%M:%S%p")
 #=>  1 Jul 2016 09:17:00AM
 #=> 01.07.16
 DateTime.parse(date).strftime("%A, %d %b %Y %l:%M %p")
 #=> Friday, 01 Jul 2016  9:17 AM

Get AVG ignoring Null or Zero values

In Case of not considering '0' or 'NULL' in average function. Simply use


What does the restrict keyword mean in C++?

Nothing. It was added to the C99 standard.

How do I run Python code from Sublime Text 2?

I solved this problem :

> Preferences –> Browse Packages –> Default 

Open the file, near line 41-42, the code should look like this :

for k, v in proc_env.iteritems():
    proc_env[k] = os.path.expandvars(v).encode(sys.getfilesystemencoding())

then delete it or edit it as :

    for k, v in proc_env.iteritems():
        proc_env[k] = os.path.expandvars(v).encode(sys.getfilesystemencoding())
    print 'foobar'

setValue:forUndefinedKey: this class is not key value coding-compliant for the key

For me I switched a call for my collection view header where I was registering the nib to registering the class. That fixed it.

Save matplotlib file to a directory

You should be able to specify the whole path to the destination of your choice. E.g.:

plt.savefig('E:\New Folder\Name of the graph.jpg')

How can I change text color via keyboard shortcut in MS word 2010

You could use a macro, but it’s simpler to use styles. Define a character style that has the desired text color and assign a shortcut key to it, say Alt+R. In order to be able to switch color using just the keyboard, define another character style, say “normal”, that has no special feature—just for use to get normal text after switching to your colored style, and assign another shortcut to it, say Alt+N. Then you would just type text, press Alt+R to switch to colored text, type that text, press Alt+N to resume normal text color, etc.

Centering brand logo in Bootstrap Navbar

The simplest way is css transform:

.navbar-brand {
  transform: translateX(-50%);
  left: 50%;
  position: absolute;


centered background logo bootstrap 3

This way also works with dynamically sized background images for the logo and allows us to utilize the text-hide class:


.navbar-brand {
  background: url( center / contain no-repeat;
  transform: translateX(-50%);
  left: 50%;
  position: absolute;
  width: 200px; /* no height needed ... image will resize automagically */


<a class="navbar-brand text-hide" href="">Brand Text

We can also use flexbox though. However, using this method we'd have to move navbar-brand outside of navbar-header. This way is great though because we can now have image and text side by side:

bootstrap 3 logo centered

.brand-centered {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
.navbar-brand {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;


To only achieve these results on mobile simply wrap the above css inside a media query:

@media (max-width: 768px) {


How to programmatically add controls to a form in VB.NET


Private Sub MyForm_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    Dim MyTextbox as New Textbox
    With MyTextbox
       .Size = New Size(100,20)
       .Location = New Point(20,20)
    End With
    AddHandler MyTextbox.TextChanged, AddressOf MyTextbox_Changed

'Without a help environment for an intelli sense substitution
'the address name and the methods name
'cannot be wrote in exchange for each other.
'Until an equality operation is prior for an exchange i have to work
'on an as is base substituted.

End Sub

Friend Sub MyTextbox_Changed(sender as Object, e as EventArgs)
   'Write code here.
End Sub

Databound drop down list - initial value

To select a value from the dropdown use the index like this:

if we have the

<asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" AppendDataBoundItems="true"></asp:DropDownList>

you would use :


this would return the value for the selected index.

Is a URL allowed to contain a space?

Firefox 3 will display %20s in URLs as spaces in the address bar.

How to convert string to boolean php

function stringToBool($string){
    return ( mb_strtoupper( trim( $string)) === mb_strtoupper ("true")) ? TRUE : FALSE;


function stringToBool($string) {
    return filter_var($string, FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN);

Identifying and solving javax.el.PropertyNotFoundException: Target Unreachable

I got stuck on this error because in the class that has the @SpringBootApplication I forgot to specify the controller's package name.

I wanted to be more specific this time pointing out which components Spring had to scan, instead of configuring the base package.

It was like this:

@ComponentScan(basePackages = {"", ""})

But the correct form is one of these:

@ComponentScan(basePackages = {"", "", ""})

@ComponentScan(basePackages = {"")

I decided to share my solution, because although the correct answer is very comprehensive, it doesn't cover this (idiotic) mistake :)

Storing sex (gender) in database

CREATE TABLE Admission (
    Name VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL,
    Gender ENUM('M','F'),
    Boolean_Valu boolean,
    Dob Date,
    Fees numeric(7,2) NOT NULL

insert into Admission (Name,Gender,Boolean_Valu,Dob,Fees)values('Raj','M',true,'1990-07-12',50000);
insert into Admission (Name,Gender,Boolean_Valu,Dob,Fees)values('Rani','F',false,'1994-05-10',15000);
select * from admission;

enter link description here

How do I set vertical space between list items?

<br>between <li></li> line entries seems to work perfectly well in all web browsers that I've tried, but it fails to pass the on-line W3C CSS3 checker. It gives me precisely the line spacing I am after. As far as I am concerned, since it undoubtedly works, I am persisting in using it, whatever W3C says, until someone can come up with a good legal alternative.

'python3' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file

In my case I have a git hook on commit, specified by admin. So it was not very convenient for me to change the script (with python3 calls).

And the simplest workaround was just to copy python.exe to python3.exe.

Now I could launch both python and python3.

Full Screen Theme for AppCompat

This theme only works after API 21(included). And make both the StatusBar and NavigationBar transparent.

<style name="TransparentAppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar">
  <item name="windowActionBar">false</item>
  <item name="windowNoTitle">true</item>
  <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
  <item name="android:windowBackground">@android:color/transparent</item>
  <item name="android:navigationBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
  <item name="android:windowIsTranslucent">true</item>
  <item name="android:windowContentOverlay">@null</item>

Split string by single spaces

You could also just use the old fashion 'strtok'

Its a bit wonky but doesn't involve using boost (not that boost is a bad thing).

You basically call strtok with the string you want to split and the delimiter (in this case a space) and it will return you a char*.

From the link:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

int main ()
  char str[] ="- This, a sample string.";
  char * pch;
  printf ("Splitting string \"%s\" into tokens:\n",str);
  pch = strtok (str," ,.-");
  while (pch != NULL)
    printf ("%s\n",pch);
    pch = strtok (NULL, " ,.-");
  return 0;

Android: Getting a file URI from a content URI?

This is an old answer with deprecated and hacky way of overcoming some specific content resolver pain points. Take it with some huge grains of salt and use the proper openInputStream API if at all possible.

You can use the Content Resolver to get a file:// path from the content:// URI:

String filePath = null;
Uri _uri = data.getData();
Log.d("","URI = "+ _uri);                                       
if (_uri != null && "content".equals(_uri.getScheme())) {
    Cursor cursor = this.getContentResolver().query(_uri, new String[] { android.provider.MediaStore.Images.ImageColumns.DATA }, null, null, null);
    filePath = cursor.getString(0);
} else {
    filePath = _uri.getPath();
Log.d("","Chosen path = "+ filePath);

Save child objects automatically using JPA Hibernate

in your setChilds, you might want to try looping thru the list and doing something like

child.parent = this;

you also should set up the cascade on the parent to the appropriate values.

How do I obtain the frequencies of each value in an FFT?

Take a look at my answer here.

Answer to comment:

The FFT actually calculates the cross-correlation of the input signal with sine and cosine functions (basis functions) at a range of equally spaced frequencies. For a given FFT output, there is a corresponding frequency (F) as given by the answer I posted. The real part of the output sample is the cross-correlation of the input signal with cos(2*pi*F*t) and the imaginary part is the cross-correlation of the input signal with sin(2*pi*F*t). The reason the input signal is correlated with sin and cos functions is to account for phase differences between the input signal and basis functions.

By taking the magnitude of the complex FFT output, you get a measure of how well the input signal correlates with sinusoids at a set of frequencies regardless of the input signal phase. If you are just analyzing frequency content of a signal, you will almost always take the magnitude or magnitude squared of the complex output of the FFT.

How does the Spring @ResponseBody annotation work?

Further to this, the return type is determined by

  1. What the HTTP Request says it wants - in its Accept header. Try looking at the initial request as see what Accept is set to.

  2. What HttpMessageConverters Spring sets up. Spring MVC will setup converters for XML (using JAXB) and JSON if Jackson libraries are on he classpath.

If there is a choice it picks one - in this example, it happens to be JSON.

This is covered in the course notes. Look for the notes on Message Convertors and Content Negotiation.

pandas: to_numeric for multiple columns

another way is using apply, one liner:

cols = ['col1', 'col2', 'col3']
data[cols] = data[cols].apply(pd.to_numeric, errors='coerce', axis=1)

What do the terms "CPU bound" and "I/O bound" mean?

CPU Bound means the rate at which process progresses is limited by the speed of the CPU. A task that performs calculations on a small set of numbers, for example multiplying small matrices, is likely to be CPU bound.

I/O Bound means the rate at which a process progresses is limited by the speed of the I/O subsystem. A task that processes data from disk, for example, counting the number of lines in a file is likely to be I/O bound.

Memory bound means the rate at which a process progresses is limited by the amount memory available and the speed of that memory access. A task that processes large amounts of in memory data, for example multiplying large matrices, is likely to be Memory Bound.

Cache bound means the rate at which a process progress is limited by the amount and speed of the cache available. A task that simply processes more data than fits in the cache will be cache bound.

I/O Bound would be slower than Memory Bound would be slower than Cache Bound would be slower than CPU Bound.

The solution to being I/O bound isn't necessarily to get more Memory. In some situations, the access algorithm could be designed around the I/O, Memory or Cache limitations. See Cache Oblivious Algorithms.

IndexError: too many indices for array

I think the problem is given in the error message, although it is not very easy to spot:

IndexError: too many indices for array
xs  = data[:, col["l1"     ]]

'Too many indices' means you've given too many index values. You've given 2 values as you're expecting data to be a 2D array. Numpy is complaining because data is not 2D (it's either 1D or None).

This is a bit of a guess - I wonder if one of the filenames you pass to loadfile() points to an empty file, or a badly formatted one? If so, you might get an array returned that is either 1D, or even empty (np.array(None) does not throw an Error, so you would never know...). If you want to guard against this failure, you can insert some error checking into your loadfile function.

I highly recommend in your for loop inserting:


This will work in Python 2.x or 3.x and might reveal the source of the issue. You might well find it is only one value of your outputs_l1 list (i.e. one file) that is giving the issue.

Simple Deadlock Examples

If method1() and method2() both will be called by two or many threads, there is a good chance of deadlock because if thread 1 acquires lock on String object while executing method1() and thread 2 acquires lock on Integer object while executing method2() both will be waiting for each other to release lock on Integer and String to proceed further, which will never happen.

public void method1() {
    synchronized (String.class) {
        System.out.println("Acquired lock on String.class object");

        synchronized (Integer.class) {
            System.out.println("Acquired lock on Integer.class object");

public void method2() {
    synchronized (Integer.class) {
        System.out.println("Acquired lock on Integer.class object");

        synchronized (String.class) {
            System.out.println("Acquired lock on String.class object");

What are bitwise shift (bit-shift) operators and how do they work?

The bit shifting operators do exactly what their name implies. They shift bits. Here's a brief (or not-so-brief) introduction to the different shift operators.

The Operators

  • >> is the arithmetic (or signed) right shift operator.
  • >>> is the logical (or unsigned) right shift operator.
  • << is the left shift operator, and meets the needs of both logical and arithmetic shifts.

All of these operators can be applied to integer values (int, long, possibly short and byte or char). In some languages, applying the shift operators to any datatype smaller than int automatically resizes the operand to be an int.

Note that <<< is not an operator, because it would be redundant.

Also note that C and C++ do not distinguish between the right shift operators. They provide only the >> operator, and the right-shifting behavior is implementation defined for signed types. The rest of the answer uses the C# / Java operators.

(In all mainstream C and C++ implementations including GCC and Clang/LLVM, >> on signed types is arithmetic. Some code assumes this, but it isn't something the standard guarantees. It's not undefined, though; the standard requires implementations to define it one way or another. However, left shifts of negative signed numbers is undefined behaviour (signed integer overflow). So unless you need arithmetic right shift, it's usually a good idea to do your bit-shifting with unsigned types.)

Left shift (<<)

Integers are stored, in memory, as a series of bits. For example, the number 6 stored as a 32-bit int would be:

00000000 00000000 00000000 00000110

Shifting this bit pattern to the left one position (6 << 1) would result in the number 12:

00000000 00000000 00000000 00001100

As you can see, the digits have shifted to the left by one position, and the last digit on the right is filled with a zero. You might also note that shifting left is equivalent to multiplication by powers of 2. So 6 << 1 is equivalent to 6 * 2, and 6 << 3 is equivalent to 6 * 8. A good optimizing compiler will replace multiplications with shifts when possible.

Non-circular shifting

Please note that these are not circular shifts. Shifting this value to the left by one position (3,758,096,384 << 1):

11100000 00000000 00000000 00000000

results in 3,221,225,472:

11000000 00000000 00000000 00000000

The digit that gets shifted "off the end" is lost. It does not wrap around.

Logical right shift (>>>)

A logical right shift is the converse to the left shift. Rather than moving bits to the left, they simply move to the right. For example, shifting the number 12:

00000000 00000000 00000000 00001100

to the right by one position (12 >>> 1) will get back our original 6:

00000000 00000000 00000000 00000110

So we see that shifting to the right is equivalent to division by powers of 2.

Lost bits are gone

However, a shift cannot reclaim "lost" bits. For example, if we shift this pattern:

00111000 00000000 00000000 00000110

to the left 4 positions (939,524,102 << 4), we get 2,147,483,744:

10000000 00000000 00000000 01100000

and then shifting back ((939,524,102 << 4) >>> 4) we get 134,217,734:

00001000 00000000 00000000 00000110

We cannot get back our original value once we have lost bits.

Arithmetic right shift (>>)

The arithmetic right shift is exactly like the logical right shift, except instead of padding with zero, it pads with the most significant bit. This is because the most significant bit is the sign bit, or the bit that distinguishes positive and negative numbers. By padding with the most significant bit, the arithmetic right shift is sign-preserving.

For example, if we interpret this bit pattern as a negative number:

10000000 00000000 00000000 01100000

we have the number -2,147,483,552. Shifting this to the right 4 positions with the arithmetic shift (-2,147,483,552 >> 4) would give us:

11111000 00000000 00000000 00000110

or the number -134,217,722.

So we see that we have preserved the sign of our negative numbers by using the arithmetic right shift, rather than the logical right shift. And once again, we see that we are performing division by powers of 2.

How to debug Google Apps Script (aka where does Logger.log log to?)

As far as I can tell, you can't debug a live event from google docs, so you have to do it from the debugger, which is pointless since the event argument passed to my onEdit() function will always be undefined if I run it from the Script Editor.

True - so define the event argument yourself for debugging. See How can I test a trigger function in GAS?

I was trying to use the Logger.log method to log some data whenever the onEdit function gets called, but this too seems like it only works when run from the Script Editor. When I run it from the Script Editor, I can view the logs by going to View->Logs...

True again, but there is help. Peter Hermann's BetterLog library will redirect all logs to a spreadsheet, enabling logging even from code that is not attached to an instance of the editor / debugger.

If you're coding in a spreadsheet-contained script, for example, you can add just this one line to the top of your script file, and all logs will go to a "Logs" sheet in the spreadsheet. No other code necessary, just use Logger.log() as you usually would:

Logger = BetterLog.useSpreadsheet();

How to replace a hash key with another key

For Ruby 2.5 or newer with transform_keys and delete_prefix / delete_suffix methods:

hash1 = { '_id' => 'random1' }
hash2 = { 'old_first' => '123456', 'old_second' => '234567' }
hash3 = { 'first_com' => '', 'second_com' => '' }

hash1.transform_keys { |key| key.delete_prefix('_') }
# => {"id"=>"random1"}
hash2.transform_keys { |key| key.delete_prefix('old_') }
# => {"first"=>"123456", "second"=>"234567"}
hash3.transform_keys { |key| key.delete_suffix('_com') }
# => {"first"=>"", "second"=>""}

pip3: command not found but python3-pip is already installed


locate pip3

it should give you a list of results like this


go to /usr/local/bin to make a symbolic link to where your pip3 is located

ln -s /<path>/pip3.x /usr/local/bin/pip3

BSTR to std::string (std::wstring) and vice versa

You could also do this

#include <comdef.h>

BSTR bs = SysAllocString("Hello");
std::wstring myString = _bstr_t(bs, false); // will take over ownership, so no need to free

or std::string if you prefer

EDIT: if your original string contains multiple embedded \0 this approach will not work.

how to include js file in php?

I have never been a fan of closing blocks of PHP to output content to the browser, I prefer to have my output captured so if at some point within my logic I decide I want to change my output (after output has already been sent) I can just delete the current buffer.

But as Pekka said, the main reason you are having issues with your javascript inclusion is because your using href to specify the location of the js file where as you should be using src.

If you have a functions file with your functions inside then add something like:

function js_link($src)
    if(file_exists("my/html/root/" . $src))
        //we know it will exists within the HTTP Context
        return sprintf("<script type=\"text/javascript\" src=\"%s\"></script>",$src);
    return "<!-- Unable to load " . $src . "-->";

The n in your code without the need for closing your blocks with ?> you can just use:

echo js_link("jquery/1.6/main.js");

ng serve not detecting file changes automatically

For me what worked was:

rm -rf node_modules && npm install

And then

ng serve

Cordova : Requirements check failed for JDK 1.8 or greater

This error message make user confuse, the success screen as below.cordova build success

The error message make user try to fix the build fail with JAVA_HOME config. But the real problem is not just in the JAVA_HOME.

I fix this problem with correct config in JAVA_HOME and Path in "system variable". enter image description here

Hope can help to fix the problem, but not re-install JDK.

Not equal string

It should be this:

if (myString!="-1")
//Do things

Your equals and exclamation are the wrong way round.

How can I find the length of a number?

I got asked a similar question in a test.

Find a number's length without converting to string

const numbers = [1, 10, 100, 12, 123, -1, -10, -100, -12, -123, 0, -0]

const numberLength = number => {

  let length = 0
  let n = Math.abs(number)

  do {
    n /=  10
  } while (n >= 1)

  return length

console.log( // [ 1, 2, 3, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 2, 3, 1, 1 ]

Negative numbers were added to complicate it a little more, hence the Math.abs().

automatically execute an Excel macro on a cell change

Your code looks pretty good.

Be careful, however, for your call to Range("H5") is a shortcut command to Application.Range("H5"), which is equivalent to Application.ActiveSheet.Range("H5"). This could be fine, if the only changes are user-changes -- which is the most typical -- but it is possible for the worksheet's cell values to change when it is not the active sheet via programmatic changes, e.g. VBA.

With this in mind, I would utilize Target.Worksheet.Range("H5"):

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    If Not Intersect(Target, Target.Worksheet.Range("H5")) Is Nothing Then Macro
End Sub

Or you can use Me.Range("H5"), if the event handler is on the code page for the worksheet in question (it usually is):

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    If Not Intersect(Target, Me.Range("H5")) Is Nothing Then Macro
End Sub

Hope this helps...

How do I use the conditional operator (? :) in Ruby?

A simple example where the operator checks if player's id is 1 and sets enemy id depending on the result

player_id==1? enemy_id=2 : enemy_id=1
# => enemy=2

And I found a post about to the topic which seems pretty helpful.

What is the difference/usage of homebrew, macports or other package installation tools?

Homebrew and macports both solve the same problem - that is the installation of common libraries and utilities that are not bundled with osx.

Typically these are development related libraries and the most common use of these tools is for developers working on osx.

They both need the xcode command line tools installed (which you can download separately from, and for some specific packages you will need the entire xcode IDE installed.

xcode can be installed from the mac app store, its a free download but it takes a while since its around 5GB (if I remember correctly).

macports is an osx version of the port utility from BSD (as osx is derived from BSD, this was a natural choice). For anyone familiar with any of the BSD distributions, macports will feel right at home.

One major difference between homebrew and macports; and the reason I prefer homebrew is that it will not overwrite things that should be installed "natively" in osx. This means that if there is a native package available, homebrew will notify you instead of overwriting it and causing problems further down the line. It also installs libraries in the user space (thus, you don't need to use "sudo" to install things). This helps when getting rid of libraries as well since everything is in a path accessible to you.

homebrew also enjoys a more active user community and its packages (called formulas) are updated quite often.

macports does not overwrite native OSX packages - it supplies its own version - This is the main reason I prefer macports over home-brew, you need to be certain of what you are using and Apple's change at different times to the ports and have been know to be years behind updates in some projects

Can you give a reference showing that macports overwrites native OS X packages? As far as I can tell, all macports installation happens in /opt/local

Perhaps I should clarify - I did not say anywhere in my answer that macports overwrites OSX native packages. They both install items separately.

Homebrew will warn you when you should install things "natively" (using the library/tool's preferred installer) for better compatibility. This is what I meant. It will also use as many of the local libraries that are available in OS X. From the wiki:

We really don’t like dupes in Homebrew/homebrew

However, we do like dupes in the tap!

Stuff that comes with OS X or is a library that is provided by RubyGems, CPAN or PyPi should not be duped. There are good reasons for this:

  • Duplicate libraries regularly break builds
  • Subtle bugs emerge with duplicate libraries, and to a lesser extent, duplicate tools
  • We want you to try harder to make your formula work with what OS X comes with

You can optionally overwrite the macosx supplied versions of utilities with homebrew.

Difference between two lists

var third = first.Except(second);

(you can also call ToList() after Except(), if you don't like referencing lazy collections.)

The Except() method compares the values using the default comparer, if the values being compared are of base data types, such as int, string, decimal etc.

Otherwise the comparison will be made by object address, which is probably not what you want... In that case, make your custom objects implement IComparable (or implement a custom IEqualityComparer and pass it to the Except() method).

Download a file by jQuery.Ajax

I have created little function as workaround solution (inspired by @JohnCulviner plugin):

// creates iframe and form in it with hidden field,
// then submit form with provided data
// url - form url
// data - data to form field
// input_name - form hidden input name

function ajax_download(url, data, input_name) {
    var $iframe,

    if (($iframe = $('#download_iframe')).length === 0) {
        $iframe = $("<iframe id='download_iframe'" +
                    " style='display: none' src='about:blank'></iframe>"

    iframe_doc = $iframe[0].contentWindow || $iframe[0].contentDocument;
    if (iframe_doc.document) {
        iframe_doc = iframe_doc.document;

    iframe_html = "<html><head></head><body><form method='POST' action='" +
                  url +"'>" +
                  "<input type=hidden name='" + input_name + "' value='" +
                  JSON.stringify(data) +"'/></form>" +

Demo with click event:

$('#someid').on('click', function() {
    ajax_download('/download.action', {'para1': 1, 'para2': 2}, 'dataname');

Problem in running .net framework 4.0 website on iis 7.0

Go to IIS manager and click on the server name. Then click on the "ISAPI and CGI Restrictions" icon under the IIS header. Change ASP.NET 4.0 from "Not Allowed" to "Allowed".

LIMIT 10..20 in SQL Server

Just for the record solution that works across most database engines though might not be the most efficient:

Select Top (ReturnCount) *
From (
    Select Top (SkipCount + ReturnCount) *
    From SourceTable
    Order By ReverseSortCondition
) ReverseSorted
Order By SortCondition

Pelase note: the last page would still contain ReturnCount rows no matter what SkipCount is. But that might be a good thing in many cases.

How to convert a Hibernate proxy to a real entity object

The way I recommend with JPA 2 :

Object unproxied  = entityManager.unwrap(SessionImplementor.class).getPersistenceContext().unproxy(proxy);

babel-loader jsx SyntaxError: Unexpected token

You can find a really good boilerplate made by Henrik Joreteg (ampersandjs) here:

Then in your webpack.config.js

var getConfig = require('hjs-webpack')

module.exports = getConfig({
  in: 'src/index.js',
  out: 'public',
  clearBeforeBuild: true,
  https: process.argv.indexOf('--https') !== -1

Replacing objects in array

Considering that the accepted answer is probably inefficient for large arrays, O(nm), I usually prefer this approach, O(2n + 2m):

function mergeArrays(arr1 = [], arr2 = []){
    //Creates an object map of id to object in arr1
    const arr1Map = arr1.reduce((acc, o) => {
        acc[] = o;
        return acc;
    }, {});
    //Updates the object with corresponding id in arr1Map from arr2, 
    //creates a new object if none exists (upsert)
    arr2.forEach(o => {
        arr1Map[] = o;

    //Return the merged values in arr1Map as an array
    return Object.values(arr1Map);

Unit test:

it('Merges two arrays using id as the key', () => {
   var arr1 = [{id:'124',name:'qqq'}, {id:'589',name:'www'}, {id:'45',name:'eee'}, {id:'567',name:'rrr'}];
   var arr2 = [{id:'124',name:'ttt'}, {id:'45',name:'yyy'}];
   const actual = mergeArrays(arr1, arr2);
   const expected = [{id:'124',name:'ttt'}, {id:'589',name:'www'}, {id:'45',name:'yyy'}, {id:'567',name:'rrr'}];
   expect(actual.sort((a, b) => ( < -1: 1)).toEqual(expected.sort((a, b) => ( < -1: 1));

How to implement a ConfigurationSection with a ConfigurationElementCollection

This is generic code for configuration collection :

public class GenericConfigurationElementCollection<T> :   ConfigurationElementCollection, IEnumerable<T> where T : ConfigurationElement, new()
    List<T> _elements = new List<T>();

    protected override ConfigurationElement CreateNewElement()
        T newElement = new T();
        return newElement;

    protected override object GetElementKey(ConfigurationElement element)
        return _elements.Find(e => e.Equals(element));

    public new IEnumerator<T> GetEnumerator()
        return _elements.GetEnumerator();

After you have GenericConfigurationElementCollection, you can simple use it in the config section (this is an example from my Dispatcher):

public class  DispatcherConfigurationSection: ConfigurationSection
    [ConfigurationProperty("maxRetry", IsRequired = false, DefaultValue = 5)]
    public int MaxRetry
            return (int)this["maxRetry"];
            this["maxRetry"] = value;

    [ConfigurationProperty("eventsDispatches", IsRequired = true)]
    [ConfigurationCollection(typeof(EventsDispatchConfigurationElement), AddItemName = "add", ClearItemsName = "clear", RemoveItemName = "remove")]
    public GenericConfigurationElementCollection<EventsDispatchConfigurationElement> EventsDispatches
        get { return (GenericConfigurationElementCollection<EventsDispatchConfigurationElement>)this["eventsDispatches"]; }

The Config Element is config Here:

public class EventsDispatchConfigurationElement : ConfigurationElement
    [ConfigurationProperty("name", IsRequired = true)]
    public string Name
            return (string) this["name"];
            this["name"] = value;

The config file would look like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
      <add name="Log" ></add>
      <add name="Notification" ></add>
      <add name="tester" ></add>

Hope it help !

How to convert the ^M linebreak to 'normal' linebreak in a file opened in vim?

In command mode in VIM:

:e ++ff=dos | setl ff=unix | up

e ++ff=dos - force open file in dos format.

setl ff=unix - convert file to unix format.

up - save file only when has been modified.

Servlet returns "HTTP Status 404 The requested resource (/servlet) is not available"

Solution for HTTP Status 404 in NetBeans IDE: Right click on your project and go to your project properties, then click on run, then input your project relative URL like index.jsp.

  1. Project->Properties
  2. Click on Run
  3. Relative URL:/index.jsp (Select your project root URL)

enter image description here

Attach Authorization header for all axios requests

export const authHandler = (config) => {
  const authRegex = /^\/apiregex/;

  if (!authRegex.test(config.url)) {
    return store.fetchToken().then((token) => {
      Object.assign(config.headers.common, { Authorization: `Bearer ${token}` });
      return Promise.resolve(config);
  return Promise.resolve(config);


Ran into some gotchas when trying to implement something similar and based on these answers this is what I came up with. The problems I was experiencing were:

  1. If using axios for the request to get a token in your store, you need to detect the path before adding the header. If you don't, it will try to add the header to that call as well and get into a circular path issue. The inverse of adding regex to detect the other calls would also work
  2. If the store is returning a promise, you need to return the call to the store to resolve the promise in the authHandler function. Async/Await functionality would make this easier/more obvious
  3. If the call for the auth token fails or is the call to get the token, you still want to resolve a promise with the config

How to restore the dump into your running mongodb

For mongoDB database restore use this command here

mongorestore --db databasename --drop dump file path

How to print to console using swift playground?

you need to enable the Show Assistant Editor:

enter image description here

How to make graphics with transparent background in R using ggplot2?

Just to improve YCR's answer:

1) I added black lines on x and y axis. Otherwise they are made transparent too.

2) I added a transparent theme to the legend key. Otherwise, you will get a fill there, which won't be very esthetic.

Finally, note that all those work only with pdf and png formats. jpeg fails to produce transparent graphs.

MyTheme_transparent <- theme(
    panel.background = element_rect(fill = "transparent"), # bg of the panel
    plot.background = element_rect(fill = "transparent", color = NA), # bg of the plot
    panel.grid.major = element_blank(), # get rid of major grid
    panel.grid.minor = element_blank(), # get rid of minor grid
    legend.background = element_rect(fill = "transparent"), # get rid of legend bg = element_rect(fill = "transparent"), # get rid of legend panel bg
    legend.key = element_rect(fill = "transparent", colour = NA), # get rid of key legend fill, and of the surrounding
    axis.line = element_line(colour = "black") # adding a black line for x and y axis

SQL Statement with multiple SETs and WHEREs

No. That is not a valid query. You can only have one SET statement, with multiple fields, however, one WHERE clause as well

update table1 set field1=value1, field2=value2, field3=value3 where filed4=value5

Returning multiple values from a C++ function

I tend to use out-vals in functions like this, because I stick to the paradigm of a function returning success/error codes and I like to keep things uniform.

Char array to hex string C++

Code snippet above provides incorrect byte order in string, so I fixed it a bit.

char const hex[16] = { '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', 'A',   'B','C','D','E','F'};

std::string byte_2_str(char* bytes, int size) {
  std::string str;
  for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
    const char ch = bytes[i];
    str.append(&hex[(ch  & 0xF0) >> 4], 1);
    str.append(&hex[ch & 0xF], 1);
  return str;

Is there any ASCII character for <br>?

The answer is amp#13; — change "amp" to the ampersand sign and go.

Non-recursive depth first search algorithm

An ES6 implementation based on biziclops great answer:

root = {_x000D_
  text: "root",_x000D_
  children: [{_x000D_
    text: "c1",_x000D_
    children: [{_x000D_
      text: "c11"_x000D_
    }, {_x000D_
      text: "c12"_x000D_
  }, {_x000D_
    text: "c2",_x000D_
    children: [{_x000D_
      text: "c21"_x000D_
    }, {_x000D_
      text: "c22"_x000D_
  }, ]_x000D_
DFS(root, node => node.children, node => console.log(node.text));_x000D_
BFS(root, node => node.children, node => console.log(node.text));_x000D_
function BFS(root, getChildren, visit) {_x000D_
  let nodesToVisit = [root];_x000D_
  while (nodesToVisit.length > 0) {_x000D_
    const currentNode = nodesToVisit.shift();_x000D_
    nodesToVisit = [_x000D_
      ...(getChildren(currentNode) || []),_x000D_
function DFS(root, getChildren, visit) {_x000D_
  let nodesToVisit = [root];_x000D_
  while (nodesToVisit.length > 0) {_x000D_
    const currentNode = nodesToVisit.shift();_x000D_
    nodesToVisit = [_x000D_
      ...(getChildren(currentNode) || []),_x000D_

What does the PHP error message "Notice: Use of undefined constant" mean?

You missed putting single quotes around your array keys:


should be:


Hibernate: flush() and commit()

It is usually not recommended to call flush explicitly unless it is necessary. Hibernate usually auto calls Flush at the end of the transaction and we should let it do it's work. Now, there are some cases where you might need to explicitly call flush where a second task depends upon the result of the first Persistence task, both being inside the same transaction.

For example, you might need to persist a new Entity and then use the Id of that Entity to do some other task inside the same transaction, on that case it's required to explicitly flush the entity first.

void someServiceMethod(Entity entity){
    em.flush() //need to explicitly flush in order to use id in next statement

Also Note that, explicitly flushing does not cause a database commit, a database commit is done only at the end of a transaction, so if any Runtime error occurs after calling flush the changes would still Rollback.

Add CSS to iFrame

Based on solution You've already found How to apply CSS to iframe?:

var cssLink = document.createElement("link") 
cssLink.href = "file://path/to/style.css"; 
cssLink .rel = "stylesheet"; 
cssLink .type = "text/css"; 

or more jqueryish (from Append a stylesheet to an iframe with jQuery):

var $head = $("iframe").contents().find("head");                
    { rel: "stylesheet", href: "file://path/to/style.css", type: "text/css" }));

as for security issues: Disabling same-origin policy in Safari

using stored procedure in entity framework

Simple. Just instantiate your entity, set it to an object and pass it to your view in your controller.

enter image description here


VehicleInfoEntities db = new VehicleInfoEntities();

Stored Procedure



you can add any parameters in your stored procedure inside the brackets ()



public class HomeController : Controller
    VehicleInfoEntities db = new VehicleInfoEntities();

    public ActionResult Index()
        var makes = db.prcGetMakes(null);

        return View(makes);