[java] Converting characters to integers in Java

Can someone please explain to me what is going on here:

char c = '+';
int i = (int)c;
System.out.println("i: " + i + " ch: " + Character.getNumericValue(c));

This prints i: 43 ch:-1. Does that mean I have to rely on primitive conversions to convert char to int? So how can I convert a Character to Integer?

Edit: Yes I know Character.getNumericValue returns -1 if it is not a numeric value and that makes sense to me. The question is: why does doing primitive conversions return 43?

Edit2: 43 is the ASCII for +, but I would expect the cast to not succeed just like getNumericValue did not succeed. Otherwise that means there are two semantic equivalent ways to perform the same operation but with different results?

This question is related to java integer type-conversion character primitive

The answer is


The java.lang.Character.getNumericValue(char ch) returns the int value that the specified Unicode character represents. For example, the character '\u216C' (the roman numeral fifty) will return an int with a value of 50.

The letters A-Z in their uppercase ('\u0041' through '\u005A'), lowercase ('\u0061' through '\u007A'), and full width variant ('\uFF21' through '\uFF3A' and '\uFF41' through '\uFF5A') forms have numeric values from 10 through 35. This is independent of the Unicode specification, which does not assign numeric values to these char values.

This method returns the numeric value of the character, as a nonnegative int value;

-2 if the character has a numeric value that is not a nonnegative integer;

-1 if the character has no numeric value.

And here is the link.

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