Convert bytes to int?

99

I'm currently working on an encryption/decryption program and I need to be able to convert bytes to an integer. I know that:

bytes([3]) = b'\x03'

Yet I cannot find out how to do the inverse. What am I doing terribly wrong?

This question is tagged with python python-3.x int type-conversion byte

~ Asked on 2015-11-30 23:04:29

The Best Answer is


161

Assuming you're on at least 3.2, there's a built in for this:

int.from_bytes( bytes, byteorder, *, signed=False )

...

The argument bytes must either be a bytes-like object or an iterable producing bytes.

The byteorder argument determines the byte order used to represent the integer. If byteorder is "big", the most significant byte is at the beginning of the byte array. If byteorder is "little", the most significant byte is at the end of the byte array. To request the native byte order of the host system, use sys.byteorder as the byte order value.

The signed argument indicates whether two’s complement is used to represent the integer.


## Examples:
int.from_bytes(b'\x00\x01', "big")                         # 1
int.from_bytes(b'\x00\x01', "little")                      # 256

int.from_bytes(b'\x00\x10', byteorder='little')            # 4096
int.from_bytes(b'\xfc\x00', byteorder='big', signed=True)  #-1024

~ Answered on 2015-11-30 23:08:46


10

Lists of bytes are subscriptable (at least in Python 3.6). This way you can retrieve the decimal value of each byte individually.

>>> intlist = [64, 4, 26, 163, 255]
>>> bytelist = bytes(intlist)       # b'@x04\x1a\xa3\xff'

>>> for b in bytelist:
...    print(b)                     # 64  4  26  163  255

>>> [b for b in bytelist]           # [64, 4, 26, 163, 255]

>>> bytelist[2]                     # 26 

~ Answered on 2020-05-07 17:16:48


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