Programs & Examples On #Password policy

Create listview in fragment android

I guess your app crashes because of NullPointerException.

Change this

ListView lv = (ListView)getActivity().findViewById(;


ListView lv = (ListView)rootView.findViewById(;

assuming listview belongs to the fragment layout.

The rest of the code looks alright


Well since you said it is not working i tried it myself

enter image description here

Using set_facts and with_items together in Ansible

Jinja 2.6 does not have the map function. So an alternate way of doing this would be:

set_fact: foo="{% for i in bar_result.results %}{{ i.ansible_facts.foo_item }}{%endfor%}"

Increasing the maximum number of TCP/IP connections in Linux

To improve upon the answer given by derobert,

You can determine what your OS connection limit is by catting nf_conntrack_max.

For example: cat /proc/sys/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_max

You can use the following script to count the number of tcp connections to a given range of tcp ports. By default 1-65535.

This will confirm whether or not you are maxing out your OS connection limit.

Here's the script.


case "$OS" in

netstat -an | $AWK -v start=1 -v end=65535 ' $NF ~ /TIME_WAIT|ESTABLISHED/ && $4 !~ /127\.0\.0\.1/ {
    if ($1 ~ /\./)
    else {sip=$4}

    if ( sip ~ /:/ )
    else {d=5}

    split( sip, a, /:|\./ )

    if ( a[d] >= start && a[d] <= end ) {
    END {print connections}'

Remove white space below image

As stated before, the image is treated as text, so the bottom is to accommodate for those pesky: "p,q,y,g,j"; the easiest solution is to assign the img display:block; in your css.

But this does inhibit the standard image behavior of flowing with the text. To keep that behavior and eliminate the space. I recommend wrapping the image with something like this.

        display: inline-block;
        display: block;
<div class="imageHolder"><img src="myimg.png" class="noSpace"/></div>

Get index of selected option with jQuery

try this


How to change Visual Studio 2012,2013 or 2015 License Key?

The solution with removing the license information from the registry also works with Visual Studio 2013, but as described in the answer above, it is important to execute a "repair" on Visual Studio.

HTML5 Email input pattern attribute

<input type="email" pattern="^[^ ]+@[^ ]+\.[a-z]{2,6}$">

Demo - Test the email input

Show/Hide Multiple Divs with Jquery

Assign each div a class. Then you can perform actions on all of them:


So each button can do:


You can make this more generic, and use the obvious convention - the button and the div with the same number in the id are related. So:

$(".button").click(function() {
  var divId = "#div" + $(this).attr("id").replace("showdiv", "");

Get an object attribute

You can do the following:

class User(object):
    fullName = "John Doe"

    def __init__(self, name):
        self.SName = name

    def print_names(self):
        print "Names: full name: '%s', name: '%s'" % (self.fullName, self.SName)

user = User('Test Name')

user.fullName # "John Doe"
user.SName # 'Test Name'
user.print_names() # will print you Names: full name: 'John Doe', name: 'Test Name'

E.g any object attributes could be retrieved using istance.

How to generate random positive and negative numbers in Java

You random on (0, 32767+32768) then subtract by 32768

php how to go one level up on dirname(__FILE__)

You could use PHP's dirname function. <?php echo dirname(__DIR__); ?>. That will give you the name of the parent directory of __DIR__, which stores the current directory.

how to stop Javascript forEach?

forEach does not break on return, there are ugly solutions to get this work but I suggest not to use it, instead try to use Array.prototype.some or Array.prototype.every

var ar = [1,2,3,4,5];_x000D_
  if(item == 3){_x000D_
     return true;_x000D_
  console.log("item is :"+item+" index is : "+index);_x000D_

Getting the button into the top right corner inside the div box

Just add position:absolute; top:0; right:0; to the CSS for your button.

 #button {
     line-height: 12px;
     width: 18px;
     font-size: 8pt;
     font-family: tahoma;
     margin-top: 1px;
     margin-right: 2px;

jsFiddle example

How to get the Power of some Integer in Swift language?

Swift 5

I was surprised, but I didn't find a proper correct solution here.

This is mine:

enum CustomMath<T: BinaryInteger> {

    static func pow(_ base: T, _ power: T) -> T {
        var tempBase = base
        var tempPower = power
        var result: T = 1

        while (power != 0) {
            if (power % 2 == 1) {
                result *= base
            tempPower = tempPower >> 1
            tempBase *= tempBase
        return result



How to create composite primary key in SQL Server 2008

  [User_Id] INT Foreign Key,
  [Group_Id] INT foreign key,

 PRIMARY KEY ([User_Id], [Group_Id])

how to use substr() function in jquery?

Extract characters from a string:

var str = "Hello world!";
var res = str.substring(1,4);

The result of res will be:


    if($(this).text().length > 30) {

Adding onClick event dynamically using jQuery

You can use the click event and call your function or move your logic into the handler:

$("#bfCaptchaEntry").click(function(){ myFunction(); });

You can use the click event and set your function as the handler:



Bind an event handler to the "click" JavaScript event, or trigger that event on an element.

You can use the on event bound to "click" and call your function or move your logic into the handler:

$("#bfCaptchaEntry").on("click", function(){ myFunction(); });

You can use the on event bound to "click" and set your function as the handler:

$("#bfCaptchaEntry").on("click", myFunction);


Attach an event handler function for one or more events to the selected elements.

How to set a header for a HTTP GET request, and trigger file download?

I'm adding another option. The answers above were very useful for me, but I wanted to use jQuery instead of ic-ajax (it seems to have a dependency with Ember when I tried to install through bower). Keep in mind that this solution only works on modern browsers.

In order to implement this on jQuery I used jQuery BinaryTransport. This is a nice plugin to read AJAX responses in binary format.

Then you can do this to download the file and send the headers:

    url: url,
    type: 'GET',
    dataType: 'binary',
    headers: headers,
    processData: false,
    success: function(blob) {
        var windowUrl = window.URL || window.webkitURL;
        var url = windowUrl.createObjectURL(blob);
        anchor.prop('href', url);
        anchor.prop('download', fileName);

The vars in the above script mean:

  • url: the URL of the file
  • headers: a Javascript object with the headers to send
  • fileName: the filename the user will see when downloading the file
  • anchor: it is a DOM element that is needed to simulate the download that must be wrapped with jQuery in this case. For example $('').

INSERT ... ON DUPLICATE KEY (do nothing)

Yes, use INSERT ... ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE id=id (it won't trigger row update even though id is assigned to itself).

If you don't care about errors (conversion errors, foreign key errors) and autoincrement field exhaustion (it's incremented even if the row is not inserted due to duplicate key), then use INSERT IGNORE.

What is is a python file, the presence of which is an indication that the module/package you are about to install has likely been packaged and distributed with Distutils, which is the standard for distributing Python Modules.

This allows you to easily install Python packages. Often it's enough to write:

$ pip install . 

pip will use to install your module. Avoid calling directly.

Whitespace Matching Regex - Java

Java has evolved since this issue was first brought up. You can match all manner of unicode space characters by using the \p{Zs} group.

Thus if you wanted to replace one or more exotic spaces with a plain space you could do this:

String txt = "whatever my string is";
txt.replaceAll("\\p{Zs}+", " ")

Also worth knowing, if you've used the trim() string function you should take a look at the (relatively new) strip(), stripLeading(), and stripTrailing() functions on strings. The can help you trim off all sorts of squirrely white space characters. For more information on what what space is included, see Java's Character.isWhitespace() function.

Visual Studio Expand/Collapse keyboard shortcuts

You can use Ctrl + M and Ctrl + P

It's called Edit.StopOutlining

How do I encode URI parameter values?

It seems that CharEscapers from Google GData-java-client has what you want. It has uriPathEscaper method, uriQueryStringEscaper, and generic uriEscaper. (All return Escaper object which does actual escaping). Apache License.

Validate form field only on submit or user input

If you want to show error messages on form submission, you can use condition form.$submitted to check if an attempt was made to submit the form. Check following example.

<form name="myForm" novalidate ng-submit="myForm.$valid && createUser()">
  <input type="text" name="name" ng-model="" placeholder="Enter name of user" required>
  <div ng-messages="$error" ng-if="myForm.$submitted">
    <div ng-message="required">Please enter user name.</div>

  <input type="text" name="address" ng-model="user.address" placeholder="Enter Address" required ng-maxlength="30">
  <div ng-messages="$error" ng-if="myForm.$submitted">
    <div ng-message="required">Please enter user address.</div>
    <div ng-message="maxlength">Should be less than 30 chars</div>

  <button type="submit">
    Create user

Unpacking a list / tuple of pairs into two lists / tuples

list1 = (x[0] for x in source_list)
list2 = (x[1] for x in source_list)

python: get directory two levels up

Personally, I find that using the os module is the easiest method as outlined below. If you are only going up one level, replace ('../..') with ('..').

    import os


How to uninstall pip on OSX?

The first thing you should try is:

sudo pip uninstall pip

On many environments that doesn't work. So given the lack of info on that problem, I ended up removing pip manually from /usr/local/bin.

A regex for version number parsing

This matches 1.2.3.* too


I would propose the less elegant:


The activity must be exported or contain an intent-filter

Double check your manifest, your first activity should have tag

        <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />

inside of activity tag.

If that doesn't work, look for target build, which located in the left of run button (green-colored play button), it should be targeting "app" folder, not a particular activity. if it doesn't targeting "app", just click it and choose "app" from drop down list.

Hope it helps!

Restoring Nuget References?

You need to Enable NuGet package restore at the VS solution level for the restore missing package to work.

enter image description here

How to increase the Java stack size?

The only way to control the size of stack within process is start a new Thread. But you can also control by creating a self-calling sub Java process with the -Xss parameter.

public class TT {
    private static int level = 0;

    public static long fact(int n) {
        return n < 2 ? n : n * fact(n - 1);

    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        Thread t = new Thread(null, null, "TT", 1000000) {
            public void run() {
                try {
                    level = 0;
                    System.out.println(fact(1 << 15));
                } catch (StackOverflowError e) {
                    System.err.println("true recursion level was " + level);
                    System.err.println("reported recursion level was "
                            + e.getStackTrace().length);

        try {
            level = 0;
            System.out.println(fact(1 << 15));
        } catch (StackOverflowError e) {
            System.err.println("true recursion level was " + level);
            System.err.println("reported recursion level was "
                    + e.getStackTrace().length);


Implement paging (skip / take) functionality with this query

You can use nested query for pagination as follow:

Paging from 4 Row to 8 Row where CustomerId is primary key.

SELECT Top 5 * FROM Customers
WHERE Country='Germany' AND CustomerId Not in (SELECT Top 3 CustomerID FROM Customers
WHERE Country='Germany' order by city) 
order by city;

<img>: Unsafe value used in a resource URL context

Use Safe Pipe to fix it.

  • Create a safe pipe if u haven't any.

    ng g pipe safe

  • add Safe pipe in app.module.ts

    declarations: [SafePipe]

  • declare safe pipe in your ts

Import Dom Sanitizer and Safe Pipe to access url safely

import { Pipe, PipeTransform} from '@angular/core';
import { DomSanitizer } from "@angular/platform-browser";

@Pipe({ name: 'safe' })

export class SafePipe implements PipeTransform {

constructor(private sanitizer: DomSanitizer) { }
transform(url) {
 return this.sanitizer.bypassSecurityTrustResourceUrl(url);
  • Add safe with src url

    <img width="900" height="500" [src]="link | safe"/>

Check if a string has a certain piece of text

Here you go: ES5

var test = 'Hello World';
if( test.indexOf('World') >= 0){
  // Found world

With ES6 best way would be to use includes function to test if the string contains the looking work.

const test = 'Hello World';
if (test.includes('World')) { 
  // Found world

How to wait for the 'end' of 'resize' event and only then perform an action?

You can use setTimeout() and clearTimeout() in conjunction with

$(window).resize(function() {
    clearTimeout($.data(this, 'resizeTimer'));
    $.data(this, 'resizeTimer', setTimeout(function() {
        //do something
        alert("Haven't resized in 200ms!");
    }, 200));


I wrote an extension to enhance jQuery's default on (& bind)-event-handler. It attaches an event handler function for one or more events to the selected elements if the event was not triggered for a given interval. This is useful if you want to fire a callback only after a delay, like the resize event, or else.

;(function ($) {
    var methods = { on: $.fn.on, bind: $.fn.bind };
    $.each(methods, function(k){
        $.fn[k] = function () {
            var args = [],
                delay = args.pop(),
                fn = args.pop(),

            args.push(function () {
                var self = this,
                    arg = arguments;
                timer = setTimeout(function(){
                    fn.apply(self, [];
                }, delay);

            return methods[k].apply(this, isNaN(delay) ? arguments : args);

Use it like any other on or bind-event handler, except that you can pass an extra parameter as a last:

$(window).on('resize', function(e) {
    console.log(e.type + '-event was 200ms not triggered');
}, 200);

php execute a background process

You might want to try to append this to your command

>/dev/null 2>/dev/null &


shell_exec('service named reload >/dev/null 2>/dev/null &');

Excel tab sheet names vs. Visual Basic sheet names

In the Excel object model a Worksheet has 2 different name properties:


the Name property is read/write and contains the name that appears on the sheet tab. It is user and VBA changeable

the CodeName property is read-only

You can reference a particular sheet as Worksheets("Fred").Range("A1") where Fred is the .Name property or as Sheet1.Range("A1") where Sheet1 is the codename of the worksheet.

How to add Action bar options menu in Android Fragments

I am late for the answer but I think this is another solution which is not mentioned here so posting.

Step 1: Make a xml of menu which you want to add like I have to add a filter action on my action bar so I have created a xml filter.xml. The main line to notice is android:orderInCategory this will show the action icon at first or last wherever you want to show. One more thing to note down is the value, if the value is less then it will show at first and if value is greater then it will show at last.


<menu xmlns:android=""
    xmlns:tools="" >

        app:showAsAction="ifRoom" />


Step 2: In onCreate() method of fragment just put the below line as mentioned, which is responsible for calling back onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) method just like in an Activity.

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

Step 3: Now add the method onCreateOptionsMenu which will be override as:

    public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
        inflater.inflate(, menu);  // Use filter.xml from step 1

Step 4: Now add onOptionsItemSelected method by which you can implement logic whatever you want to do when you select the added action icon from actionBar:

    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        int id = item.getItemId();
        if(id =={
            //Do whatever you want to do 
            return true;

        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);

Convert string to number and add one

Assuming you are correct and your id is a proper number (without any other text), you should parse the id and then add one to it:

var currentPage = parseInt($(this).attr('id'), 10);


Reference to non-static member function must be called

The problem is that buttonClickedEvent is a member function and you need a pointer to member in order to invoke it.

Try this:

void (MyClass::*func)(int);
func = &MyClass::buttonClickedEvent;

And then when you invoke it, you need an object of type MyClass to do so, for example this:


Check substring exists in a string in C

if(strstr(sent, word) != NULL) {
    /* ... */

Note that strstr returns a pointer to the start of the word in sent if the word word is found.

Renew Provisioning Profile

For me the problem was occurring because there was no active Production certificate. I created a new one, and then went to the expired distribution provisioning profile, added the certificate and the provisioning profile got activated.

Can functions be passed as parameters?

Yes, consider some of these examples:

package main

import "fmt"

// convert types take an int and return a string value.
type convert func(int) string

// value implements convert, returning x as string.
func value(x int) string {
    return fmt.Sprintf("%v", x)

// quote123 passes 123 to convert func and returns quoted string.
func quote123(fn convert) string {
    return fmt.Sprintf("%q", fn(123))

func main() {
    var result string

    result = value(123)
    // Output: 123

    result = quote123(value)
    // Output: "123"

    result = quote123(func(x int) string { return fmt.Sprintf("%b", x) })
    // Output: "1111011"

    foo := func(x int) string { return "foo" }
    result = quote123(foo)
    // Output: "foo"

    _ = convert(foo) // confirm foo satisfies convert at runtime

    // fails due to argument type
    // _ = convert(func(x float64) string { return "" })


Tour: (Function Closures)

How to create roles in ASP.NET Core and assign them to users?

Update in 2020. Here is another way if you prefer.

 IdentityResult res = new IdentityResult();
 var _role = new IdentityRole();
 _role.Name = role.RoleName;
  res = await _roleManager.CreateAsync(_role);
  if (!res.Succeeded)
        foreach (IdentityError er in res.Errors)
             ModelState.AddModelError(string.Empty, er.Description);
         ViewBag.UserMessage = "Error Adding Role";
         return View();
        ViewBag.UserMessage = "Role Added";
        return View();

How do I fix twitter-bootstrap on IE?

Not sure if it will fix your particular issue but worth sharing anyway.

I had issues with twitter boot strap in IE. No rounded corners. Navigation menu not collapsing. Spans not sitting in correct location, even some images not displaying.

Strangely, site works okay in IE when run through visual studio debugger, its once deployed to a server that the problem occurs.

Try using IE developer tools (F12 is keyboard shortcut) Check your browser mode and document mode. (its at the top along side the menu bar)

Problem happened for me as document was IE7 and browser was IE10 compatibility. I added a http header in IIS: Name X-UA-Compatible Value IE=EmulateIE9

Now the page loads as document - IE9 standards, browser IE10 compatibility and all the previous issues are resolved.

Hope this helps.


Maximum size for a SQL Server Query? IN clause? Is there a Better Approach

Can you load the GUIDs into a scratch table then do a

... WHERE var IN SELECT guid FROM #scratchtable

How to update multiple columns in single update statement in DB2

update table_name set (col1,col2,col3) values(col1,col2,col);

Is not standard SQL and not working you got to use this as Gordon Linoff said:

update table
    set col1 = expr1,
        col2 = expr2,
        . . .
        coln = exprn
    where some condition

Getting request payload from POST request in Java servlet

If you are able to send the payload in JSON, this is a most convenient way to read the playload:

Example data class:

public class Person {
    String firstName;
    String lastName;
    // Getters and setters ...

Example payload (request body):

{ "firstName" : "John", "lastName" : "Doe" }

Code to read payload in servlet (requires*):

Person person = new Gson().fromJson(request.getReader(), Person.class);

That's all. Nice, easy and clean. Don't forget to set the content-type header to application/json.

Pipenv: Command Not Found

In some cases of old pip version:

sudo easy_install pip
sudo pip install pipenv

document.createElement("script") synchronously

This isn't pretty, but it works:

<script type="text/javascript">
  document.write('<script type="text/javascript" src="other.js"></script>');

<script type="text/javascript">


<script type="text/javascript">
  document.write('<script type="text/javascript" src="other.js"></script>');
  window.onload = function() {

The script must be included either in a separate <script> tag or before window.onload().

This will not work:

<script type="text/javascript">
  document.write('<script type="text/javascript" src="other.js"></script>');
  functionFromOther(); // Error

The same can be done with creating a node, as Pointy did, but only in FF. You have no guarantee when the script will be ready in other browsers.

Being an XML Purist I really hate this. But it does work predictably. You could easily wrap those ugly document.write()s so you don't have to look at them. You could even do tests and create a node and append it then fall back on document.write().

"Access is denied" JavaScript error when trying to access the document object of a programmatically-created <iframe> (IE-only)

Following the exceedingly simple method from Andralor here fixed the issue for me:

Essentially, call the iframe again onUpdate:

    type: 'iframe',
    scrolling : 'visible',
    autoHeight: true,
    onUpdate: function(){

Box shadow for bottom side only

Try using online generator Change the value and get the code, pretty simple.

WebView and Cookies on Android

My problem is cookies are not working "within" the same session. –

Burak: I had the same problem. Enabling cookies fixed the issue.


How can I commit a single file using SVN over a network?

cd myapp/trunk
svn commit -m "commit message" page1.html

For more information, see:

svn commit --help

I also recommend this free book, if you're just getting started with Subversion.

How do I correctly clone a JavaScript object?

If your object is a class (e.g.

var copiedObject = jQuery.extend(true, {}, originalObject);
copiedObject.__proto__ = originalObject.__proto__;

Then in copiedObject you have a deep-copied instance of originalObject class with all its methods.

Removing specific rows from a dataframe

Here's a solution to your problem using dplyr's filter function.

Although you can pass your data frame as the first argument to any dplyr function, I've used its %>% operator, which pipes your data frame to one or more dplyr functions (just filter in this case).

Once you are somewhat familiar with dplyr, the cheat sheet is very handy.

> print(df <- data.frame(sub=rep(1:3, each=4), day=1:4))
   sub day
1    1   1
2    1   2
3    1   3
4    1   4
5    2   1
6    2   2
7    2   3
8    2   4
9    3   1
10   3   2
11   3   3
12   3   4
> print(df <- df %>% filter(!((sub==1 & day==2) | (sub==3 & day==4))))
   sub day
1    1   1
2    1   3
3    1   4
4    2   1
5    2   2
6    2   3
7    2   4
8    3   1
9    3   2
10   3   3

How do I declare a namespace in JavaScript?

My favorite pattern has become lately this:

var namespace = (function() {_x000D_
  // expose to public_x000D_
  return {_x000D_
    a: internalA,_x000D_
    c: internalC_x000D_
  // all private_x000D_
   * Full JSDoc_x000D_
  function internalA() {_x000D_
    // ..._x000D_
   * Full JSDoc_x000D_
  function internalB() {_x000D_
    // ..._x000D_
   * Full JSDoc_x000D_
  function internalC() {_x000D_
    // ..._x000D_
   * Full JSDoc_x000D_
  function internalD() {_x000D_
    // ..._x000D_

Of course, return can be at the end, but if only function declarations follow it, it's much easier to see what's the namespace all about, and what API is exposed.

The pattern of using function expressions in such cases results in not being able to know what methods are exposed without going over the entire code.

`export const` vs. `export default` in ES6

Minor note: Please consider that when you import from a default export, the naming is completely independent. This actually has an impact on refactorings.

Let's say you have a class Foo like this with a corresponding import:

export default class Foo { }

// The name 'Foo' could be anything, since it's just an
// Identifier for the default export
import Foo from './Foo'

Now if you refactor your Foo class to be Bar and also rename the file, most IDEs will NOT touch your import. So you will end up with this:

export default class Bar { }

// The name 'Foo' could be anything, since it's just an
// Identifier for the default export.
import Foo from './Bar'

Especially in TypeScript, I really appreciate named exports and the more reliable refactoring. The difference is just the lack of the default keyword and the curly braces. This btw also prevents you from making a typo in your import since you have type checking now.

export class Foo { }

//'Foo' needs to be the class name. The import will be refactored
//in case of a rename!
import { Foo } from './Foo'

ImportError: No module named 'selenium'

It's 2020 now, use python3 consistently

  • pip3 install selenium
  • python3

I meet the same problem when I install selenium using pip3, but run scripts using python.

How to get the previous url using PHP

$_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'] will give you incomplete url.

If you want, $_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'] will give you only.

SyntaxError: non-default argument follows default argument

Let me clarify two points here :

  • Firstly non-default argument should not follow the default argument, it means you can't define (a = 'b',c) in function. The correct order of defining parameter in function are :
  • positional parameter or non-default parameter i.e (a,b,c)
  • keyword parameter or default parameter i.e (a = 'b',r= 'j')
  • keyword-only parameter i.e (*args)
  • var-keyword parameter i.e (**kwargs)

def example(a, b, c=None, r="w" , d=[], *ae, **ab):

(a,b) are positional parameter

(c=none) is optional parameter

(r="w") is keyword parameter

(d=[]) is list parameter

(*ae) is keyword-only

(*ab) is var-keyword parameter

so first re-arrange your parameters

  • now the second thing is you have to define len1 when you are doing hgt=len1 the len1 argument is not defined when default values are saved, Python computes and saves default values when you define the function len1 is not defined, does not exist when this happens (it exists only when the function is executed)

so second remove this "len1 = hgt" it's not allowed in python.

keep in mind the difference between argument and parameters.

Pushing empty commits to remote

You won't face any terrible consequence, just the history will look kind of confusing.

You could change the commit message by doing

git commit --amend
git push --force-with-lease # (as opposed to --force, it doesn't overwrite others' work)

BUT this will override the remote history with yours, meaning that if anybody pulled that repo in the meanwhile, this person is going to be very mad at you...

Just do it if you are the only person accessing the repo.

how to move elasticsearch data from one server to another

You can take a snapshot of the complete status of your cluster (including all data indices) and restore them (using the restore API) in the new cluster or server.

Git Cherry-Pick and Conflicts

Do, I need to resolve all the conflicts before proceeding to next cherry -pick

Yes, at least with the standard git setup. You cannot cherry-pick while there are conflicts.

Furthermore, in general conflicts get harder to resolve the more you have, so it's generally better to resolve them one by one.

That said, you can cherry-pick multiple commits at once, which would do what you are asking for. See e.g. How to cherry-pick multiple commits . This is useful if for example some commits undo earlier commits. Then you'd want to cherry-pick all in one go, so you don't have to resolve conflicts for changes that are undone by later commits.

Further, is it suggested to do cherry-pick or branch merge in this case?

Generally, if you want to keep a feature branch up to date with main development, you just merge master -> feature branch. The main advantage is that a later merge feature branch -> master will be much less painful.

Cherry-picking is only useful if you must exclude some changes in master from your feature branch. Still, this will be painful so I'd try to avoid it.

How to sparsely checkout only one single file from a git repository?

git checkout branch_or_version -- path/file

example: git checkout HEAD -- main.c

Ajax passing data to php script

You can also use bellow code for pass data using ajax.

var dataString = "album" + title;
    type: 'POST',  
    url: 'test.php', 
    data: dataString,
    success: function(response) {

How to empty (clear) the logcat buffer in Android

For anyone coming to this question wondering how to do this in Eclipse, You can remove the displayed text from the logCat using the button provided (often has a red X on the icon)

What's the difference between "&nbsp;" and " "?

@Zoidberg is right, example:

<h1>title</h1> <h2>date</h2>

will not display space between header markup, with

& nbsp ; 

will do space :)

Java - removing first character of a string

you can do like this:

String str = "Jamaica";
str = str.substring(1, title.length());
return str;

or in general:

public String removeFirstChar(String str){
   return str.substring(1, title.length());

How to Resize a Bitmap in Android?

public static Bitmap resizeBitmapByScale(
            Bitmap bitmap, float scale, boolean recycle) {
        int width = Math.round(bitmap.getWidth() * scale);
        int height = Math.round(bitmap.getHeight() * scale);
        if (width == bitmap.getWidth()
                && height == bitmap.getHeight()) return bitmap;
        Bitmap target = Bitmap.createBitmap(width, height, getConfig(bitmap));
        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(target);
        canvas.scale(scale, scale);
        Paint paint = new Paint(Paint.FILTER_BITMAP_FLAG | Paint.DITHER_FLAG);
        canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, 0, 0, paint);
        if (recycle) bitmap.recycle();
        return target;
    private static Bitmap.Config getConfig(Bitmap bitmap) {
        Bitmap.Config config = bitmap.getConfig();
        if (config == null) {
            config = Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888;
        return config;

Python - Locating the position of a regex match in a string?

I don't think this question has been completely answered yet because all of the answers only give single match examples. The OP's question demonstrates the nuances of having 2 matches as well as a substring match which should not be reported because it is not a word/token.

To match multiple occurrences, one might do something like this:

iter = re.finditer(r"\bis\b", String)
indices = [m.start(0) for m in iter]

This would return a list of the two indices for the original string.

Where can I set path to make.exe on Windows?

Why don't you create a bat file makedos.bat containing the following line?

c:\DOS\make.exe %1 %2 %5

and put it in C:\DOS (or C:\Windowsè or make sure that it is in your %path%)

You can run from cmd, SET and it displays all environment variables, including PATH.

In registry you can find environment variables under:

  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Environment
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Volatile Environment
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\Session Manager\Environment

PHP str_replace replace spaces with underscores

I'll suggest that you use this as it will check for both single and multiple occurrence of white space (as suggested by Lucas Green).

$journalName = preg_replace('/\s+/', '_', $journalName);

instead of:

$journalName = str_replace(' ', '_', $journalName);

Best way to store a key=>value array in JavaScript?

Objects inside an array:

var cars = [
        { "id": 1, brand: "Ferrari" }
        , { "id": 2, brand: "Lotus" }
        , { "id": 3, brand: "Lamborghini" }

Error Importing SSL certificate : Not an X.509 Certificate

I will also add my experience here in case it helps someone:

At work we commonly use the following two commands to enable IntelliJ IDEA to talk to various servers, for example our internal maven repositories:

[Elevated]C:\Program Files\JetBrains\IntelliJ IDEA {version}\jre64>bin\keytool 
    -printcert -rfc -sslserver{our-company}.com:443 > public.crt

[Elevated]C:\Program Files\JetBrains\IntelliJ IDEA {version}\jre64>bin\keytool
    -import -storepass changeit -noprompt -trustcacerts -alias services.{our-company}.com 
    -keystore lib\security\cacerts -file public.crt

Now, what sometimes happens is that the keytool -printcert command is unable to communicate with the outside world due to temporary connectivity issues, such as the firewall preventing it, the user forgot to start his VPN, whatever. It is a fact of life that this may happen. This is not actually the problem.

The problem is that when the stupid tool encounters such an error, it does not emit the error message to the standard error device, it emits it to the standard output device!

So here is what ends up happening:

  • When you execute the first command, you don't see any error message, so you have no idea that it failed. However, instead of a key, the public.crt file now contains an error message saying keytool error: java.lang.Exception: No certificate from the SSL server.
  • When you execute the second command, it finds an error message instead of a key in public.crt, so it fails, saying keytool error: java.lang.Exception: Input not an X.509 certificate.

Bottom line is: after keytool -printcert ... > public.crt always dump the contents of public.crt to make sure it is actually a key and not an error message before proceeding to run keytool -import ... -file public.crt

Why doesn't os.path.join() work in this case?

Do not use forward slashes at the beginning of path components, except when refering to the root directory:

os.path.join('/home/build/test/sandboxes', todaystr, 'new_sandbox')

see also:

How to catch SQLServer timeout exceptions


You can read also that Thomas Weingartner wrote:

Timeout: SqlException.Number == -2 (This is an ADO.NET error code)
General Network Error: SqlException.Number == 11
Deadlock: SqlException.Number == 1205 (This is an SQL Server error code)


We handle the "General Network Error" as a timeout exception too. It only occurs under rare circumstances e.g. when your update/insert/delete query will raise a long running trigger.

How do I undo 'git add' before commit?

An addition to the accepted answer, if your mistakenly-added file was huge, you'll probably notice that, even after removing it from the index with 'git reset', it still seems to occupy space in the .git directory.

This is nothing to be worried about; the file is indeed still in the repository, but only as a "loose object". It will not be copied to other repositories (via clone, push), and the space will be eventually reclaimed - though perhaps not very soon. If you are anxious, you can run:

git gc --prune=now

Update (what follows is my attempt to clear some confusion that can arise from the most upvoted answers):

So, which is the real undo of git add?

git reset HEAD <file> ?


git rm --cached <file>?

Strictly speaking, and if I'm not mistaken: none.

git add cannot be undone - safely, in general.

Let's recall first what git add <file> actually does:

  1. If <file> was not previously tracked, git add adds it to the cache, with its current content.

  2. If <file> was already tracked, git add saves the current content (snapshot, version) to the cache. In Git, this action is still called add, (not mere update it), because two different versions (snapshots) of a file are regarded as two different items: hence, we are indeed adding a new item to the cache, to be eventually committed later.

In light of this, the question is slightly ambiguous:

I mistakenly added files using the command...

The OP's scenario seems to be the first one (untracked file), we want the "undo" to remove the file (not just the current contents) from the tracked items. If this is the case, then it's ok to run git rm --cached <file>.

And we could also run git reset HEAD <file>. This is in general preferable, because it works in both scenarios: it also does the undo when we wrongly added a version of an already tracked item.

But there are two caveats.

First: There is (as pointed out in the answer) only one scenario in which git reset HEAD doesn't work, but git rm --cached does: a new repository (no commits). But, really, this a practically irrelevant case.

Second: Be aware that git reset HEAD can't magically recover the previously cached file contents, it just resynchronises it from the HEAD. If our misguided git add overwrote a previous staged uncommitted version, we can't recover it. That's why, strictly speaking, we cannot undo [*].


$ git init
$ echo "version 1" > file.txt
$ git add file.txt   # First add of file.txt
$ git commit -m 'first commit'
$ echo "version 2" > file.txt
$ git add  file.txt   # Stage (don't commit) "version 2" of file.txt
$ git diff --cached file.txt
-version 1
+version 2
$ echo "version 3" > file.txt
$ git diff  file.txt
-version 2
+version 3
$ git add  file.txt    # Oops we didn't mean this
$ git reset HEAD file.txt  # Undo?
$ git diff --cached file.txt  # No dif, of course. stage == HEAD
$ git diff file.txt   # We have irrevocably lost "version 2"
-version 1
+version 3

Of course, this is not very critical if we just follow the usual lazy workflow of doing 'git add' only for adding new files (case 1), and we update new contents via the commit, git commit -a command.

* (Edit: the above is practically correct, but still there can be some slightly hackish/convoluted ways for recovering changes that were staged, but not committed and then overwritten - see the comments by Johannes Matokic and iolsmit)

Update Angular model after setting input value with jQuery

add .change() after setting the value.


also don't forget to add onchange or ng-change tag in html

C# Clear all items in ListView

Try with this:

myListView.ItemsSource = new List< DictionaryEntry >();

Updating the list view when the adapter data changes

Change this line:

mMyListView.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, 


ArrayAdapter<String> adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,

and after updating the value of a list item, call:


How to load all modules in a folder?

Look at the pkgutil module from the standard library. It will let you do exactly what you want as long as you have an file in the directory. The file can be empty.

How to write "Html.BeginForm" in Razor

The following code works fine:

@using (Html.BeginForm("Upload", "Upload", FormMethod.Post, 
                                      new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
        Select a file <input type="file" name="file" />
        <input type="submit" value="Upload" />

and generates as expected:

<form action="/Upload/Upload" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">    
        Select a file <input type="file" name="file" />
        <input type="submit" value="Upload" />

On the other hand if you are writing this code inside the context of other server side construct such as an if or foreach you should remove the @ before the using. For example:

@if (SomeCondition)
    using (Html.BeginForm("Upload", "Upload", FormMethod.Post, 
                                      new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
            Select a file <input type="file" name="file" />
            <input type="submit" value="Upload" />

As far as your server side code is concerned, here's how to proceed:

public ActionResult Upload(HttpPostedFileBase file) 
    if (file != null && file.ContentLength > 0) 
        var fileName = Path.GetFileName(file.FileName);
        var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/content/pics"), fileName);
    return RedirectToAction("Upload");

How do I tell whether my IE is 64-bit? (For that matter, Java too?)

Select Help->About

for 64 bit.. it would say version as 64 bit Edition.

I see this in IE 9.. may be true with lesser versions too..

What is a raw type and why shouldn't we use it?

Here's another case where raw types will bite you:

public class StrangeClass<T> {
  public <X> X getSomethingElse() {
    return (X)"Testing something else!";

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    final StrangeClass<String> withGeneric    = new StrangeClass<>();
    final StrangeClass         withoutGeneric = new StrangeClass();
    final String               value1,

    // Compiles
    value1 = withGeneric.getSomethingElse();

    // Produces compile error:
    // incompatible types: java.lang.Object cannot be converted to java.lang.String
    value2 = withoutGeneric.getSomethingElse();

This is counter-intuitive because you'd expect the raw type to only affect methods bound to the class type parameter, but it actually also affects generic methods with their own type parameters.

As was mentioned in the accepted answer, you lose all support for generics within the code of the raw type. Every type parameter is converted to its erasure (which in the above example is just Object).

How can I use Python to get the system hostname?

You have to execute this line of code

sock_name = socket.gethostname()

And then you can use the name to find the addr :


Intellij idea subversion checkout error: `Cannot run program "svn"`

Check my solution, It will work.


First Download Subversion 1.8.13 ( 1.8 ) Download link ( )

enter image description here

Then unzipped in a folder. There will have one folder "bin".


Go to settings - > Version control -> Subversion

Copy the url of your downloaded svn.exe that is in bin folder that you have downloaded.

follow the pic:

enter image description here

Don't forget to give the end name like svn.exe last as per image.

Apply -> Ok

Restart your android studio now.

Happy Coding!

How do you run a SQL Server query from PowerShell?

To avoid SQL Injection with varchar parameters you could use

function sqlExecuteRead($connectionString, $sqlCommand, $pars) {

    $connection = new-object$connectionString)
    $command = new-object$sqlCommand, $connection)

    if ($pars -and $pars.Keys) {
        foreach($key in $pars.keys) {
            # avoid injection in varchar parameters
            $par = $command.Parameters.Add("@$key", []::VarChar, 512);
            $par.Value = $pars[$key];

    $adapter = New-Object System.Data.sqlclient.sqlDataAdapter $command
    $dataset = New-Object System.Data.DataSet
    $adapter.Fill($dataset) | Out-Null
    return $dataset.tables[0].rows


$connectionString = "connectionstringHere"
$sql = "select top 10 Message, TimeStamp, Level from dbo.log " +
    "where Message = @MSG and Level like @LEVEL"
$pars = @{
    MSG = 'this is a test from powershell'
    LEVEL = 'aaa%'
sqlExecuteRead $connectionString $sql $pars

pythonw.exe or python.exe?

In my experience the pythonw.exe is faster at least with using pygame.

Correct owner/group/permissions for Apache 2 site files/folders under Mac OS X?

This is the most restrictive and safest way I've found, as explained here for hypothetical ~/my/web/root/ directory for your web content:

  • For each parent directory leading to your web root (e.g. ~/my, ~/my/web, ~/my/web/root):
    • chmod go-rwx DIR (nobody other than owner can access content)
    • chmod go+x DIR (to allow "users" including _www to "enter" the dir)
  • sudo chgrp -R _www ~/my/web/root (all web content is now group _www)
  • chmod -R go-rwx ~/my/web/root (nobody other than owner can access web content)
  • chmod -R g+rx ~/my/web/root (all web content is now readable/executable/enterable by _www)

All other solutions leave files open to other local users (who are part of the "staff" group as well as obviously being in the "o"/others group). These users may then freely browse and access DB configurations, source code, or other sensitive details in your web config files and scripts if such are part of your content. If this is not an issue for you, then by all means go with one of the simpler solutions.

how to configure hibernate config file for sql server

Finally this is for Hibernate 5 in Tomcat.

Compiled all the answers from the above and added my tips which works like a charm for Hibernate 5 and SQL Server 2014.

<property name="hibernate.dialect">
<property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">
<property name="hibernate.connection.url">  
<property name="hibernate.default_schema">theSchemaNameUsuallydbo</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.username">
<property name="hibernate.connection.password">

Converting file into Base64String and back again

private String encodeFileToBase64Binary(File file){    
String encodedfile = null;  
try {  
    FileInputStream fileInputStreamReader = new FileInputStream(file);  
    byte[] bytes = new byte[(int)file.length()];;  
    encodedfile = Base64.encodeBase64(bytes).toString();  
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {  
    // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
} catch (IOException e) {  
    // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
    return encodedfile;  

Accessing dict_keys element by index in Python3

Call list() on the dictionary instead:

keys = list(test)

In Python 3, the dict.keys() method returns a dictionary view object, which acts as a set. Iterating over the dictionary directly also yields keys, so turning a dictionary into a list results in a list of all the keys:

>>> test = {'foo': 'bar', 'hello': 'world'}
>>> list(test)
['foo', 'hello']
>>> list(test)[0]

Get name of current class?

You can access it by the class' private attributes:

cls_name = self.__class__.__name__


As said by Ned Batcheler, this wouldn't work in the class body, but it would in a method.

How can I get the list of files in a directory using C or C++?

For a C only solution, please check this out. It only requires an extra header:

tinydir_dir dir;
tinydir_open(&dir, "/path/to/dir");

while (dir.has_next)
    tinydir_file file;
    tinydir_readfile(&dir, &file);

    if (file.is_dir)



Some advantages over other options:

  • It's portable - wraps POSIX dirent and Windows FindFirstFile
  • It uses readdir_r where available, which means it's (usually) threadsafe
  • Supports Windows UTF-16 via the same UNICODE macros
  • It is C90 so even very ancient compilers can use it

How to get a resource id with a known resource name?

I would suggest you using my method to get a resource ID. It's Much more efficient, than using getIdentidier() method, which is slow.

Here's the code:

 * @author Lonkly
 * @param variableName - name of drawable, e.g R.drawable.<b>image</b>
 * @param ? - class of resource, e.g R.drawable.class or R.raw.class
 * @return integer id of resource
public static int getResId(String variableName, Class<?> ?) {

    Field field = null;
    int resId = 0;
    try {
        field = ?.getField(variableName);
        try {
            resId = field.getInt(null);
        } catch (Exception e) {
    } catch (Exception e) {
    return resId;


How can I display the current branch and folder path in terminal?

Based on 6LYTH3's answer I've decided to post my own due to some improvements that may come in handy:

Simple solution

Open ~/.bash_profile and add the following content

# \[\e[0m\] resets the color to default color
#  \[\033[33m\] sets the color to yellow
# \e[0;32m\ sets the color to green
# \e[0;31m\ sets the color to red

# determines if the git branch you are on is clean or dirty
git_prompt ()
  # Is this a git directory?
  if ! git rev-parse --git-dir > /dev/null 2>&1; then
    return 0
  # Grab working branch name
  git_branch=$(git branch 2>/dev/null| sed -n '/^\*/s/^\* //p')
  # Clean or dirty branch
  if git diff --quiet 2>/dev/null >&2; then
  echo " [$git_color$git_branch${reset_color}]"

export PS1="${path_color}\w\[\e[0m\]$(git_prompt)\n"

This should:

1) Prompt the path you're in, in color: path_color.
2) Tell you which branch are you.
3) Color the name of the branch based on the status of the branch with git_clean_color 
for a clean work directory and git_dirty_color for a dirty one.
4) The brackets should stay in the default color you established in your computer.
5) Puts the prompt in the next line for readability.

You can customize the colors with this list

Sophisticated Solution

Another option is to use Git Bash Prompt, install with this. I used the option via Homebrew on Mac OS X.

git_prompt_list_themes to see the themes but I didn't like any of them.

git_prompt_color_samples to see available colors.

git_prompt_make_custom_theme [<Name of base theme>] to create a new custom theme, this should create a file.

subl ~/ to open and customize:

The file should look like this with my customization

    override_git_prompt_colors() {

      # Clean or dirty branch
      if git diff --quiet 2>/dev/null >&2; then

    reload_git_prompt_colors "Custom"

Hope this helps, have a great day!

How do you migrate an IIS 7 site to another server?

use appcmd to export one or all the sites out then reimport into the new server. It could be iis7.0 or 7.5 When you export out using appcmd, the passwords are decrypted, then reimport and they will reencrypt.

Chrome: console.log, console.debug are not working

As of July 2020 the Chrome UI has changed once again and the logging level dropdown doesn't seem to do anything now.

Instead, there's a new pane to the left of the main console pane, which may have got unintentionally set to one of the restrictive logging levels:

enter image description here

Select the top category (messages) to reveal all the logging:

enter image description here

EDIT: EVEN THEN Chrome seems to add things to the Filter box, which again loses some logging, so you must CLEAR THE FILTER BOX TOO!

(Filter box is at the top of both my pics above, under "Network conditions"; you can see that it has some contents about "urlwebpack" which I didn't put there!)

Can not deserialize instance of java.lang.String out of START_ARRAY token

The error is:

Can not deserialize instance of java.lang.String out of START_ARRAY token at [Source: line: 1, column: 1095] (through reference chain: JsonGen["platforms"])

In JSON, platforms look like this:

"platforms": [
        "platform": "iphone"
        "platform": "ipad"
        "platform": "android_phone"
        "platform": "android_tablet"

So try change your pojo to something like this:

private List platforms;

public List getPlatforms(){
    return this.platforms;

public void setPlatforms(List platforms){
    this.platforms = platforms;

EDIT: you will need change mobile_networks too. Will look like this:

private List mobile_networks;

public List getMobile_networks() {
    return mobile_networks;

public void setMobile_networks(List mobile_networks) {
    this.mobile_networks = mobile_networks;

Git: How do I list only local branches?

Here's how to list local branches that do not have a remote branch in origin with the same name:

git branch | sed 's|* |  |' | sort > local
git branch -r | sed 's|origin/||' | sort > remote
comm -23 local remote

How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS

<p style="text-indent: 5em;">
The first line of this paragraph will be indented about five characters, similar to a tabbed indent.

The first line of this paragraph will be indented about five characters, similar to a tabbed indent.

See How to Use HTML and CSS to Create Tabs and Spacing for more information.

No increment operator (++) in Ruby?

I don't think that notation is available because—unlike say PHP or C—everything in Ruby is an object.

Sure you could use $var=0; $var++ in PHP, but that's because it's a variable and not an object. Therefore, $var = new stdClass(); $var++ would probably throw an error.

I'm not a Ruby or RoR programmer, so I'm sure someone can verify the above or rectify it if it's inaccurate.

Append lines to a file using a StreamWriter

Actually only Jon's answer (Sep 5 '11 at 9:37) with BaseStream.Seek worked for my case. Thanks Jon! I needed to append lines to a zip archived txt file.

using (FileStream zipFS = new FileStream(@"c:\Temp\SFImport\",FileMode.OpenOrCreate))
    using (ZipArchive arch = new ZipArchive(zipFS,ZipArchiveMode.Update))
        ZipArchiveEntry entry = arch.GetEntry("testfile.txt");
        if (entry == null)
            entry = arch.CreateEntry("testfile.txt");
        using (StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(entry.Open()))
            sw.WriteLine("text content");

Adding 'serial' to existing column in Postgres

You can also use START WITH to start a sequence from a particular point, although setval accomplishes the same thing, as in Euler's answer, eg,

SELECT MAX(a) + 1 FROM foo;
CREATE SEQUENCE foo_a_seq START WITH 12345; -- replace 12345 with max above
ALTER TABLE foo ALTER COLUMN a SET DEFAULT nextval('foo_a_seq');

Getting the text from a drop-down box

var selectoption = document.getElementById("dropdown");
var optionText = selectoption.options[selectoption.selectedIndex].text;

Sys.WebForms.PageRequestManagerParserErrorException: The message received from the server could not be parsed

For my VB.Net Friends -

Dim scriptManager As ScriptManager = scriptManager.GetCurrent(Me.Page)

Closure in Java 7

Java Closures are going to be a part of J2SE 8 and is set to be released by the end of 2012.

Java 8's closures support include the concept of Lambda Expressions, Method Reference, Constructor Reference and the Default Methods.

For more information and working examples for this please visit:

Executing <script> elements inserted with .innerHTML

Extending off of Larry's. I made it recursively search the entire block and children nodes.
The script now will also call external scripts that are specified with src parameter. Scripts are appended to the head instead of inserted and placed in the order they are found. So specifically order scripts are preserved. And each script is executed synchronously similar to how the browser handles the initial DOM loading. So if you have a script block that calls jQuery from a CDN and than the next script node uses jQuery... No prob! Oh and I tagged the appended scripts with a serialized id based off of what you set in the tag parameter so you can find what was added by this script.

exec_body_scripts: function(body_el, tag) {
    // Finds and executes scripts in a newly added element's body.
    // Needed since innerHTML does not run scripts.
    // Argument body_el is an element in the dom.

    function nodeName(elem, name) {
        return elem.nodeName && elem.nodeName.toUpperCase() ===

    function evalScript(elem, id, callback) {
        var data = (elem.text || elem.textContent || elem.innerHTML || "" ),
            head = document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0] ||

        var script = document.createElement("script");
        script.type = "text/javascript";
        if (id != '') {
            script.setAttribute('id', id);

        if (elem.src != '') {
            script.src = elem.src;
            // Then bind the event to the callback function.
            // There are several events for cross browser compatibility.
            script.onreadystatechange = callback;
            script.onload = callback;
        } else {
            try {
                // doesn't work on ie...
            } catch(e) {
                // IE has funky script nodes
                script.text = data;

    function walk_children(node) {
        var scripts = [],
          children_nodes = node.childNodes,

        if (children_nodes === undefined) return;

        for (i = 0; i<children_nodes.length; i++) {
            child = children_nodes[i];
            if (nodeName(child, "script" ) &&
                (!child.type || child.type.toLowerCase() === "text/javascript")) {
            } else {
                var new_scripts = walk_children(child);
                for(j=0; j<new_scripts.length; j++) {

        return scripts;

    var i = 0;
    function execute_script(i) {
        script = scripts[i];
        if (script.parentNode) {script.parentNode.removeChild(script);}
        evalScript(scripts[i], tag+"_"+i, function() {
            if (i < scripts.length-1) {

    // main section of function
    if (tag === undefined) tag = 'tmp';

    var scripts = walk_children(body_el);


Display only 10 characters of a long string?

What you should also do when you truncate the string to ten characters is add the actual html ellipses entity: &hellip;, rather than three periods.

Best way to increase heap size in catalina.bat file

If you look in your installation's bin directory you will see or .bat scripts. If you look in these you will see that they run a or setenv.bat script respectively, if it exists, to set environment variables. The relevant environment variables are described in the comments at the top of To use them create, for example, a file $CATALINA_HOME/bin/ with contents

export JAVA_OPTS="-server -Xmx512m"

For Windows you will need, in setenv.bat, something like

set JAVA_OPTS=-server -Xmx768m

Original answer here

After you run startup.bat, you can easily confirm the correct settings have been applied provided you have turned @echo on somewhere in your catatlina.bat file (a good place could be immediately after echo Using CLASSPATH: "%CLASSPATH%"):

enter image description here

Path.Combine absolute with relative path strings

This will give you exactly what you need (path does NOT have to exist for this to work)

DirectoryInfo di = new DirectoryInfo(@"C:\blah\..\bling");
string cleanPath = di.FullName;

Explain ExtJS 4 event handling

Let's start by describing DOM elements' event handling.

DOM node event handling

First of all you wouldn't want to work with DOM node directly. Instead you probably would want to utilize Ext.Element interface. For the purpose of assigning event handlers, Element.addListener and Element.on (these are equivalent) were created. So, for example, if we have html:

<div id="test_node"></div>

and we want add click event handler.
Let's retrieve Element:

var el = Ext.get('test_node');

Now let's check docs for click event. It's handler may have three parameters:

click( Ext.EventObject e, HTMLElement t, Object eOpts )

Knowing all this stuff we can assign handler:

//       event name      event handler
el.on(    'click'        , function(e, t, eOpts){
  // handling event here

Widgets event handling

Widgets event handling is pretty much similar to DOM nodes event handling.

First of all, widgets event handling is realized by utilizing Ext.util.Observable mixin. In order to handle events properly your widget must containg Ext.util.Observable as a mixin. All built-in widgets (like Panel, Form, Tree, Grid, ...) has Ext.util.Observable as a mixin by default.

For widgets there are two ways of assigning handlers. The first one - is to use on method (or addListener). Let's for example create Button widget and assign click event to it. First of all you should check event's docs for handler's arguments:

click( Ext.button.Button this, Event e, Object eOpts )

Now let's use on:

var myButton = Ext.create('Ext.button.Button', {
  text: 'Test button'
myButton.on('click', function(btn, e, eOpts) {
  // event handling here
  console.log(btn, e, eOpts);

The second way is to use widget's listeners config:

var myButton = Ext.create('Ext.button.Button', {
  text: 'Test button',
  listeners : {
    click: function(btn, e, eOpts) {
      // event handling here
      console.log(btn, e, eOpts);

Notice that Button widget is a special kind of widgets. Click event can be assigned to this widget by using handler config:

var myButton = Ext.create('Ext.button.Button', {
  text: 'Test button',
  handler : function(btn, e, eOpts) {
    // event handling here
    console.log(btn, e, eOpts);

Custom events firing

First of all you need to register an event using addEvents method:

myButton.addEvents('myspecialevent1', 'myspecialevent2', 'myspecialevent3', /* ... */);

Using the addEvents method is optional. As comments to this method say there is no need to use this method but it provides place for events documentation.

To fire your event use fireEvent method:

myButton.fireEvent('myspecialevent1', arg1, arg2, arg3, /* ... */);

arg1, arg2, arg3, /* ... */ will be passed into handler. Now we can handle your event:

myButton.on('myspecialevent1', function(arg1, arg2, arg3, /* ... */) {
  // event handling here
  console.log(arg1, arg2, arg3, /* ... */);

It's worth mentioning that the best place for inserting addEvents method call is widget's initComponent method when you are defining new widget:

Ext.define('MyCustomButton', {
  extend: 'Ext.button.Button',
  // ... other configs,
  initComponent: function(){
    this.addEvents('myspecialevent1', 'myspecialevent2', 'myspecialevent3', /* ... */);
    // ...
var myButton = Ext.create('MyCustomButton', { /* configs */ });

Preventing event bubbling

To prevent bubbling you can return false or use Ext.EventObject.preventDefault(). In order to prevent browser's default action use Ext.EventObject.stopPropagation().

For example let's assign click event handler to our button. And if not left button was clicked prevent default browser action:

myButton.on('click', function(btn, e){
  if (e.button !== 0)

Easiest way to convert int to string in C++

C++11 introduced std::to_string() for numeric types:

int n = 123; // Input, signed/unsigned short/int/long/long long/float/double
std::string str = std::to_string(n); // Output, std::string

Count character occurrences in a string in C++

#include <algorithm>

std::string s = "a_b_c";
size_t n = std::count(s.begin(), s.end(), '_');

Create an array or List of all dates between two dates

list = list.Where(s => s.startDate >= Input_startDate && s.endDate <= Input_endDate);


Is it safe to use Project Lombok?

I haven't tried using Lombok yet - it is/was next on my list, but it sounds as if Java 8 has caused significant problems for it, and remedial work was still in progress as of a week ago. My source for that is .

Mobile Redirect using htaccess

You can also try this. Credits to the original author who has since removed the script


Mobile version detection
compliments of

$mobile = "";
$var[0] = 'Mozilla/4.';
$var[1] = 'Mozilla/3.0';
$var[2] = 'AvantGo';
$var[3] = 'ProxiNet';
$var[4] = 'Danger hiptop 1.0';
$var[5] = 'DoCoMo/';
$var[6] = 'Google CHTML Proxy/';
$var[7] = 'UP.Browser/';
$var[8] = 'SEMC-Browser/';
$var[9] = 'J-PHONE/';
$var[10] = 'PDXGW/';
$var[11] = 'ASTEL/';
$var[12] = 'Mozilla/1.22';
$var[13] = 'Handspring';
$var[14] = 'Windows CE';
$var[15] = 'PPC';
$var[16] = 'Mozilla/2.0';
$var[17] = 'Blazer/';
$var[18] = 'Palm';
$var[19] = 'WebPro/';
$var[20] = 'EPOC32-WTL/';
$var[21] = 'Tungsten';
$var[22] = 'Netfront/';
$var[23] = 'Mobile Content Viewer/';
$var[24] = 'PDA';
$var[25] = 'MMP/2.0';
$var[26] = 'Embedix/';
$var[27] = 'Qtopia/';
$var[28] = 'Xiino/';
$var[29] = 'BlackBerry';
$var[30] = 'Gecko/20031007';
$var[31] = 'MOT-';
$var[32] = 'UP.Link/';
$var[33] = 'Smartphone';
$var[34] = 'portalmmm/';
$var[35] = 'Nokia';
$var[36] = 'Symbian';
$var[37] = 'AppleWebKit/413';
$var[38] = 'UPG1 UP/';
$var[39] = 'RegKing';
$var[40] = 'STNC-WTL/';
$var[41] = 'J2ME';
$var[42] = 'Opera Mini/';
$var[43] = 'SEC-';
$var[44] = 'ReqwirelessWeb/';
$var[45] = 'AU-MIC/';
$var[46] = 'Sharp';
$var[47] = 'SIE-';
$var[48] = 'SonyEricsson';
$var[49] = 'Elaine/';
$var[50] = 'SAMSUNG-';
$var[51] = 'Panasonic';
$var[52] = 'Siemens';
$var[53] = 'Sony';
$var[54] = 'Verizon';
$var[55] = 'Cingular';
$var[56] = 'Sprint';
$var[57] = 'AT&T;';
$var[58] = 'Nextel';
$var[59] = 'Pocket PC';
$var[60] = 'T-Mobile';    
$var[61] = 'Orange';
$var[62] = 'Casio';
$var[63] = 'HTC';
$var[64] = 'Motorola';
$var[65] = 'Samsung';
$var[66] = 'NEC';

$result = count($var);

for ($i=0;$i<$result;$i++)
    $ausg = stristr($text, $var[$i]);    
        header("location: $mobile");


Just edit the $mobile = "";

how to change php version in htaccess in server

An addition to the current marked answer:

Place the addhandler inside the following scope, like so:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>

   AddHandler application/x-httpd-php71 .php
   RewriteEngine On



How to convert a PNG image to a SVG?

There is a website where you can upload your image, and see the result.

But if you want to download your svg-image, you need to register. (If you register, you get 2 images for free)

How can I stream webcam video with C#?

The usual API for this is DirectShow.

You can use P/Invoke to import the C++ APIs, but I think there are already a few projects out there that have done this.

To get the streaming part, you probably want to use DirectShow to apply a compression codec to reduce lag, then you can get a Stream and transmit it. You could consider using multicast to reduce network load.

How do I create an Excel chart that pulls data from multiple sheets?

Use the Chart Wizard.

On Step 2 of 4, there is a tab labeled "Series". There are 3 fields and a list box on this tab. The list box shows the different series you are already including on the chart. Each series has both a "Name" field and a "Values" field that is specific to that series. The final field is the "Category (X) axis labels" field, which is common to all series.

Click on the "Add" button below the list box. This will add a blank series to your list box. Notice that the values for "Name" and for "Values" change when you highlight a series in the list box.

Select your new series.

There is an icon in each field on the right side. This icon allows you to select cells in the workbook to pull the data from. When you click it, the Wizard temporarily hides itself (except for the field you are working in) allowing you to interact with the workbook.

Select the appropriate sheet in the workbook and then select the fields with the data you want to show in the chart. The button on the right of the field can be clicked to unhide the wizard.

Hope that helps.

EDIT: The above applies to 2003 and before. For 2007, when the chart is selected, you should be able to do a similar action using the "Select Data" option on the "Design" tab of the ribbon. This opens up a dialog box listing the Series for the chart. You can select the series just as you could in Excel 2003, but you must use the "Add" and "Edit" buttons to define custom series.

How to comment multiple lines with space or indent

I was able to achieve the desired result by using Alt + Shift + up/down and then typing the desired comment characters and additional character.

Rendering JSON in controller

For the instance of

render :json => @projects, :include => :tasks

You are stating that you want to render @projects as JSON, and include the association tasks on the Project model in the exported data.

For the instance of

render :json => @projects, :callback => 'updateRecordDisplay'

You are stating that you want to render @projects as JSON, and wrap that data in a javascript call that will render somewhat like:

updateRecordDisplay({'projects' => []})

This allows the data to be sent to the parent window and bypass cross-site forgery issues.

List method to delete last element in list as well as all elements

To delete the last element from the list just do this.

a = [1,2,3,4,5]
a = a[:-1]
#Output [1,2,3,4] 

Bash command line and input limit

Ok, Denizens. So I have accepted the command line length limits as gospel for quite some time. So, what to do with one's assumptions? Naturally- check them.

I have a Fedora 22 machine at my disposal (meaning: Linux with bash4). I have created a directory with 500,000 inodes (files) in it each of 18 characters long. The command line length is 9,500,000 characters. Created thus:

seq 1 500000 | while read digit; do
    touch $(printf "abigfilename%06d\n" $digit);

And we note:

$ getconf ARG_MAX

Note however I can do this:

$ echo * > /dev/null

But this fails:

$ /bin/echo * > /dev/null
bash: /bin/echo: Argument list too long

I can run a for loop:

$ for f in *; do :; done

which is another shell builtin.

Careful reading of the documentation for ARG_MAX states, Maximum length of argument to the exec functions. This means: Without calling exec, there is no ARG_MAX limitation. So it would explain why shell builtins are not restricted by ARG_MAX.

And indeed, I can ls my directory if my argument list is 109948 files long, or about 2,089,000 characters (give or take). Once I add one more 18-character filename file, though, then I get an Argument list too long error. So ARG_MAX is working as advertised: the exec is failing with more than ARG_MAX characters on the argument list- including, it should be noted, the environment data.

Getting time span between two times in C#?

string startTime = "7:00 AM";
string endTime = "2:00 PM";

TimeSpan duration = DateTime.Parse(endTime).Subtract(DateTime.Parse(startTime));


Will output: 07:00:00.

It also works if the user input military time:

string startTime = "7:00";
string endTime = "14:00";

TimeSpan duration = DateTime.Parse(endTime).Subtract(DateTime.Parse(startTime));


Outputs: 07:00:00.

To change the format: duration.ToString(@"hh\:mm")

More info at:


Over the years it has somewhat bothered me that this is the most popular answer I have ever given; the original answer never actually explained why the OP's code didn't work despite the fact that it is perfectly valid. The only reason it gets so many votes is because the post comes up on Google when people search for a combination of the terms "C#", "timespan", and "between".

Can I multiply strings in Java to repeat sequences?

we can create multiply strings using * in python but not in java you can use for loop in your case:

String sample="123";
for(int i=0;i<3;i++)

How to force table cell <td> content to wrap?

This is another way of tackling the problem if you have long strings (like file path names) and you only want to break the strings on certain characters (like slashes). You can insert Unicode Zero Width Space characters just before (or after) the slashes in the HTML.

JavaFX Application Icon

If you run the jar file, the code specified by Michael Berry will change the icon in the title bar and in the taskbar. Shortcut icon cannot be changed.

If you run a native program compiled with com.zenjava, You must add a link to the program icon:


This will add an icon to the shortcut and taskbar.

How to check if android checkbox is checked within its onClick method (declared in XML)?

@BindView( // if you are using Butterknife
CheckBox yourCheckBox;

protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    yourCheckBox = (CheckBox)findViewById(;// If your are not using Butterknife (the traditional way)

    yourCheckBox.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        public void onClick(View v) {
            yourObject.setYourProperty(yourCheckBox.isChecked()); //yourCheckBox.isChecked() is the method to know if the checkBox is checked
            Log.d(TAG, "onClick: yourCheckBox = " + yourObject.getYourProperty() );

Obviously you have to make your XML with the id of your checkbox :

    android:text="Your label"

So, the method to know if the check box is checked is : (CheckBox) yourCheckBox.isChecked() it returns true if the check box is checked.

Test if a variable is a list or tuple

Not the most elegant, but I do (for Python 3):

if hasattr(instance, '__iter__') and not isinstance(instance, (str, bytes)):

This allows other iterables (like Django querysets) but excludes strings and bytestrings. I typically use this in functions that accept either a single object ID or a list of object IDs. Sometimes the object IDs can be strings and I don't want to iterate over those character by character. :)

Accessing private member variables from prototype-defined functions

Update: With ES6, there is a better way:

Long story short, you can use the new Symbol to create private fields.
Here's a great description:


var Person = (function() {
    // Only Person can access nameSymbol
    var nameSymbol = Symbol('name');

    function Person(name) {
        this[nameSymbol] = name;

    Person.prototype.getName = function() {
        return this[nameSymbol];

    return Person;

For all modern browsers with ES5:

You can use just Closures

The simplest way to construct objects is to avoid prototypal inheritance altogether. Just define the private variables and public functions within the closure, and all public methods will have private access to the variables.

Or you can use just Prototypes

In JavaScript, prototypal inheritance is primarily an optimization. It allows multiple instances to share prototype methods, rather than each instance having its own methods.
The drawback is that this is the only thing that's different each time a prototypal function is called.
Therefore, any private fields must be accessible through this, which means they're going to be public. So we just stick to naming conventions for _private fields.

Don't bother mixing Closures with Prototypes

I think you shouldn't mix closure variables with prototype methods. You should use one or the other.

When you use a closure to access a private variable, prototype methods cannot access the variable. So, you have to expose the closure onto this, which means that you're exposing it publicly one way or another. There's very little to gain with this approach.

Which do I choose?

For really simple objects, just use a plain object with closures.

If you need prototypal inheritance -- for inheritance, performance, etc. -- then stick with the "_private" naming convention, and don't bother with closures.

I don't understand why JS developers try SO hard to make fields truly private.

Git diff against a stash

This works for me on git version

git diff stash HEAD

Save each sheet in a workbook to separate CSV files

Building on Graham's answer, the extra code saves the workbook back into it's original location in it's original format.

Public Sub SaveWorksheetsAsCsv()

Dim WS As Excel.Worksheet
Dim SaveToDirectory As String

Dim CurrentWorkbook As String
Dim CurrentFormat As Long

 CurrentWorkbook = ThisWorkbook.FullName
 CurrentFormat = ThisWorkbook.FileFormat
' Store current details for the workbook

      SaveToDirectory = "C:\"

      For Each WS In ThisWorkbook.Worksheets
          WS.SaveAs SaveToDirectory & WS.Name, xlCSV

 Application.DisplayAlerts = False
  ThisWorkbook.SaveAs Filename:=CurrentWorkbook, FileFormat:=CurrentFormat
 Application.DisplayAlerts = True
' Temporarily turn alerts off to prevent the user being prompted
'  about overwriting the original file.

End Sub

Display more Text in fullcalendar

I needed the ability to display quite a bit of info (without a tooltip) and it turned out quite nice. I used FullCalendars title prop to store all my HTML. The only thing you have to do to ensure it works after render is to parse the title fields HTML.

// `data` ismy JSON object.
$.each(data, function(index, value) {
  value.title = '<div class="title">' + value.title + '</div>';
  value.title += '<div class="deets"><span class="time"><img src="/themes/custom/bp/images/clock.svg">' + value.start_time + ' - ' + value.end_time + '</span>';
  value.title += '<span class="location"><img src="/themes/custom/bp/images/pin.svg">' + value.location + '</span></div>';
  value.title += '<div class="learn-more">LEARN MORE <span class="arrow"></span></span>';

// Initialize the calendar object.
calendar = new FullCalendar.Calendar(cal, {
  events: data,
  plugins: ['dayGrid'],
  eventRender: function(event) {
    // This is required to parse the HTML.
    const title = $(event.el).find('.fc-title');

I would have used template literals, but had to support IE11


How to effectively work with multiple files in Vim

have a try following maps for convenience editing multiple files

" split windows

nmap <leader>sh :leftabove vnew<CR>

nmap <leader>sl :rightbelow vnew<CR>

nmap <leader>sk :leftabove new<CR>

nmap <leader>sj :rightbelow new<CR>

" moving around

nmap <C-j> <C-w>j

nmap <C-k> <C-w>k

nmap <C-l> <C-w>l

nmap <C-h> <C-w>h

Android: upgrading DB version and adding new table

1. About onCreate() and onUpgrade()

onCreate(..) is called whenever the app is freshly installed. onUpgrade is called whenever the app is upgraded and launched and the database version is not the same.

2. Incrementing the db version

You need a constructor like:

MyOpenHelper(Context context) {
   super(context, "dbname", null, 2); // 2 is the database version

IMPORTANT: Incrementing the app version alone is not enough for onUpgrade to be called!

3. Don't forget your new users!

Don't forget to add


to your onCreate() method as well or newly installed apps will lack the table.

4. How to deal with multiple database changes over time

When you have successive app upgrades, several of which have database upgrades, you want to be sure to check oldVersion:

onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
   switch(oldVersion) {
   case 1:
       // we want both updates, so no break statement here...
   case 2:

This way when a user upgrades from version 1 to version 3, they get both updates. When a user upgrades from version 2 to 3, they just get the revision 3 update... After all, you can't count on 100% of your user base to upgrade each time you release an update. Sometimes they skip an update or 12 :)

5. Keeping your revision numbers under control while developing

And finally... calling

adb uninstall <yourpackagename>

totally uninstalls the app. When you install again, you are guaranteed to hit onCreate which keeps you from having to keep incrementing the database version into the stratosphere as you develop...

How to evaluate a boolean variable in an if block in bash?

bash doesn't know boolean variables, nor does test (which is what gets called when you use [).

A solution would be:

if $myVar ; then ... ; fi

because true and false are commands that return 0 or 1 respectively which is what if expects.

Note that the values are "swapped". The command after if must return 0 on success while 0 means "false" in most programming languages.

SECURITY WARNING: This works because BASH expands the variable, then tries to execute the result as a command! Make sure the variable can't contain malicious code like rm -rf /

Get and set position with jQuery .offset()

var p = $("#elementId");
var offset = p.offset();

$("#secondElementId").offset({ top:, left: offset.left});

How to get an object's property's value by property name?

You can get a property by name using the Select-Object cmdlet and specifying the property name(s) that you're interested in. Note that this doesn't simply return the raw value for that property; instead you get something that still behaves like an object.

[PS]> $property = (Get-Process)[0] | Select-Object -Property Name

[PS]> $property


[PS]> $property.GetType().FullName

In order to use the value for that property, you will still need to identify which property you are after, even if there is only one property:

[PS]> $property.Name

[PS]> $property -eq "armsvc"

[PS]> $property.Name -eq "armsvc"

[PS]> $property.Name.GetType().FullName

As per other answers here, if you want to use a single property within a string, you need to evaluate the expression (put brackets around it) and prefix with a dollar sign ($) to declare the expression dynamically as a variable to be inserted into the string:

[PS]> "The first process in the list is: $($property.Name)"
The first process in the list is: armsvc

Quite correctly, others have answered this question by recommending the -ExpandProperty parameter for the Select-Object cmdlet. This bypasses some of the headache by returning the value of the property specified, but you will want to use different approaches in different scenarios.

-ExpandProperty <String>

Specifies a property to select, and indicates that an attempt should be made to expand that property

[PS]> (Get-Process)[0] | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Name

Can I use an image from my local file system as background in HTML?

You forgot the C: after the file:///
This works for me

<!DOCTYPE html>
        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
            html,body { width: 100%; height: 100%; }
    <body style="background: url('file:///C:/Users/Roby/Pictures/battlefield-3.jpg')">

How can I force a long string without any blank to be wrapped?

Use a CSS method to force wrap a string that has no white-spaces. Three methods:

1) Use the CSS white-space property. To cover browser inconsistencies, you have to declare it several ways. So just put your looooong string into some block level element (e.g., div, pre, p) and give that element the following css:

some_block_level_tag {
    white-space: pre;           /* CSS 2.0 */
    white-space: pre-wrap;      /* CSS 2.1 */
    white-space: pre-line;      /* CSS 3.0 */
    white-space: -pre-wrap;     /* Opera 4-6 */
    white-space: -o-pre-wrap;   /* Opera 7 */
    white-space: -moz-pre-wrap; /* Mozilla */
    white-space: -hp-pre-wrap;  /* HP Printers */
    word-wrap: break-word;      /* IE 5+ */

2) use the force-wrap mixin from Compass.

3) I was just looking into this as well and I think might also work (but I need to test browser support more completely):

.break-me {
    word-wrap: break-word;
    overflow-wrap: break-word;

Reference: wrapping content

How to test if a string is JSON or not?

You could try decoding it and catching the exception (native or json2.js):

try {
  newObj = JSON.parse(myJsonString);
} catch (e) {
  console.log('Not JSON');

However, I would suggest making the response always be valid JSON. If you get an error back from your MySQL query, simply send back JSON with the error:

{"error":"The MySQL error string."}

And then:

if (myParsedJSON.error) {
  console.log('An error occurred: ' + myParsedJSON.error);

Why can't I reference System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations?

If you don't have it in references (like I did not) you can also add the NuGet System.ComponentModel.Annotations to get the assemblies and resolve the errors. (Adding it here as this answer still top of Google for the error)

C# Test if user has write access to a folder

IMHO the only 100% reliable way to test if you can write to a directory is to actually write to it and eventually catch exceptions.

JavaScript Infinitely Looping slideshow with delays?

try this:

window.onload = function start() {
function slide() {

setInterval is basically an 'infinite loop' and it wont black up the browser. it waits the required time, then goes again

OraOLEDB.Oracle provider is not registered on the local machine

I had the same issue after installing the 64 bit Oracle client on Windows 7 64 bit. The solution that worked for me:

  1. Open a command prompt in administrator mode
  2. cd \oracle\product\11.2.0\client_64\BIN
  3. c:\Windows\system32\regsvr32.exe OraOLEDB11.dll

Simplest way to read json from a URL in java

The easiest way: Use gson, google's own goto json library.

Here is a sample. I'm going to this free geolocator website and parsing the json and displaying my zipcode. (just put this stuff in a main method to test it out)

    String sURL = ""; //just a string

    // Connect to the URL using java's native library
    URL url = new URL(sURL);
    URLConnection request = url.openConnection();

    // Convert to a JSON object to print data
    JsonParser jp = new JsonParser(); //from gson
    JsonElement root = jp.parse(new InputStreamReader((InputStream) request.getContent())); //Convert the input stream to a json element
    JsonObject rootobj = root.getAsJsonObject(); //May be an array, may be an object. 
    String zipcode = rootobj.get("zip_code").getAsString(); //just grab the zipcode

Find out which remote branch a local branch is tracking

I think git branch -av only tells you what branches you have and which commit they're at, leaving you to infer which remote branches the local branches are tracking.

git remote show origin explicitly tells you which branches are tracking which remote branches. Here's example output from a repository with a single commit and a remote branch called abranch:

$ git branch -av
* abranch                d875bf4 initial commit
  master                 d875bf4 initial commit
  remotes/origin/HEAD    -> origin/master
  remotes/origin/abranch d875bf4 initial commit
  remotes/origin/master  d875bf4 initial commit


$ git remote show origin
* remote origin
  Fetch URL: /home/ageorge/tmp/d/../exrepo/
  Push  URL: /home/ageorge/tmp/d/../exrepo/
  HEAD branch (remote HEAD is ambiguous, may be one of the following):
  Remote branches:
    abranch tracked
    master  tracked
  Local branches configured for 'git pull':
    abranch merges with remote abranch
    master  merges with remote master
  Local refs configured for 'git push':
    abranch pushes to abranch (up to date)
    master  pushes to master  (up to date)

Adding header to all request with Retrofit 2

Try this type header for Retrofit 1.9 and 2.0. For Json Content Type.

@Headers({"Accept: application/json"})
Call<playlist> addToPlaylist(@Body PlaylistParm parm);

You can add many more headers i.e

        "Accept: application/json",
        "User-Agent: Your-App-Name",
        "Cache-Control: max-age=640000"

Dynamically Add to headers:

Call<ResponseModel> addToPlaylist(@Header("Content-Type") String content_type, @Body RequestModel req);

Call you method i.e

mAPI.addToPlayList("application/json", playListParam);


Want to pass everytime then Create HttpClient object with http Interceptor:

OkHttpClient httpClient = new OkHttpClient();
        httpClient.networkInterceptors().add(new Interceptor() {
            public com.squareup.okhttp.Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
                Request.Builder requestBuilder = chain.request().newBuilder();
                requestBuilder.header("Content-Type", "application/json");
                return chain.proceed(;

Then add to retrofit object

Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder().baseUrl(BASE_URL).client(httpClient).build();

UPDATE if you are using Kotlin remove the { } else it will not work

Get selected item value from Bootstrap DropDown with specific ID

You might want to modify your jQuery code a bit to '#demolist li a' so it specifically selects the text that is in the link rather than the text that is in the li element. That would allow you to have a sub-menu without causing issues. Also since your are specifically selecting the a tag you can access it with $(this).text();.

$('#datebox li a').on('click', function(){

Drawing Circle with OpenGL

There is another way to draw a circle - draw it in fragment shader. Create a quad:

float right = 0.5;
float bottom = -0.5;
float left = -0.5;
float top = 0.5;
float quad[20] = {
    //x, y, z, lx, ly
    right, bottom, 0, 1.0, -1.0,
    right, top, 0, 1.0, 1.0,
    left, top, 0, -1.0, 1.0,
    left, bottom, 0, -1.0, -1.0,

Bind VBO:

unsigned int glBuffer;
glGenBuffers(1, &glBuffer);
glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, glBuffer);
glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(float)*20, quad, GL_STATIC_DRAW);

and draw:

#define BUFFER_OFFSET(i) ((char *)NULL + (i))
glVertexAttribPointer(ATTRIB_VERTEX , 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 20, 0);
glVertexAttribPointer(ATTRIB_VALUE , 2, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 20, BUFFER_OFFSET(12));
glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLE_FAN, 0, 4);

Vertex shader

attribute vec2 value;
uniform mat4 viewMatrix;
uniform mat4 projectionMatrix;
varying vec2 val;
void main() {
    val = value;
    gl_Position = projectionMatrix*viewMatrix*vertex;

Fragment shader

varying vec2 val;
void main() {
    float R = 1.0;
    float R2 = 0.5;
    float dist = sqrt(dot(val,val));
    if (dist >= R || dist <= R2) {
    float sm = smoothstep(R,R-0.01,dist);
    float sm2 = smoothstep(R2,R2+0.01,dist);
    float alpha = sm*sm2;
    gl_FragColor = vec4(0.0, 0.0, 1.0, alpha);

Don't forget to enable alpha blending:


UPDATE: Read more

Update Android SDK Tool to 22.0.4(Latest Version) from 22.0.1

I viewed the Eclipse ADT documentation and found out the way to get around this issue. I was able to Update My SDK Tool to 22.0.4 (Latest Version).

Solution is: First Update ADT to 22.0.4(Latest version) and then Update SDK Tool to 22.0.4(Latest Version)

The above link says,

ADT 22.0.4 is designed for use with SDK Tools r22.0.4. If you haven't already installed SDK Tools r22.0.4 into your SDK, use the Android SDK Manager to do so

What I had to do was update my ADT to 22.0.4 (Latest Version) and then I was able to update SDK tool to 22.0.4. I thought only SDK Tool has been updated not ADT, so I was updating the SDK Tool with Older ADT Version (22.0.1).

How to Update your ADT to Latest Version

  1. In Eclipse go to Help
  2. Install New Software ---> Add
  3. inside Add Repository write the Name: ADT (or whatever you want)
  4. and Location:
  5. after loading you should get Developer Tools and NDK Plugins
  6. check both if you want to use the Native Developer Kit (NDK) in the future or check Developer Tool only
  7. click Next
  8. Finish

Shorter syntax for casting from a List<X> to a List<Y>?

In case when X derives from Y you can also use ToList<T> method instead of Cast<T>


Expanding tuples into arguments

Note that you can also expand part of argument list:

myfun(1, *("foo", "bar"))

Prevent overwriting a file using cmd if exist

As in the answer of Escobar Ceaser, I suggest to use quotes arround the whole path. It's the common way to wrap the whole path in "", not only separate directory names within the path.

I had a similar issue that it didn't work for me. But it was no option to use "" within the path for separate directory names because the path contained environment variables, which theirself cover more than one directory hierarchies. The conclusion was that I missed the space between the closing " and the (

The correct version, with the space before the bracket, would be

If NOT exist "C:\Documents and Settings\John\Start Menu\Programs\Software Folder" (
 start "\\filer\repo\lab\software\myapp\setup.exe"

How to set cellpadding and cellspacing in table with CSS?

Use padding on the cells and border-spacing on the table. The former will give you cellpadding while the latter will give you cellspacing.

table { border-spacing: 5px; } /* cellspacing */

th, td { padding: 5px; } /* cellpadding */

jsFiddle Demo

Check if a number has a decimal place/is a whole number

//How about byte-ing it?

Number.prototype.isInt= function(){
 return this== this>> 0;

I always feel kind of bad for bit operators in javascript-

they hardly get any exercise.

Preserve line breaks in angularjs

It's so simple with CSS (it works, I swear).

.angular-with-newlines {
  white-space: pre;
  • Look ma! No extra HTML tags!

How to fully clean bin and obj folders within Visual Studio?

Check out Ron Jacobs fantastic open source CleanProject It even takes care of the zipping if you like.

Here is the CodePlex link

When is TCP option SO_LINGER (0) required?

I like Maxim's observation that DOS attacks can exhaust server resources. It also happens without an actually malicious adversary.

Some servers have to deal with the 'unintentional DOS attack' which occurs when the client app has a bug with connection leak, where they keep creating a new connection for every new command they send to your server. And then perhaps eventually closing their connections if they hit GC pressure, or perhaps the connections eventually time out.

Another scenario is when 'all clients have the same TCP address' scenario. Then client connections are distinguishable only by port numbers (if they connect to a single server). And if clients start rapidly cycling opening/closing connections for any reason they can exhaust the (client addr+port, server IP+port) tuple-space.

So I think servers may be best advised to switch to the Linger-Zero strategy when they see a high number of sockets in the TIME_WAIT state - although it doesn't fix the client behavior, it might reduce the impact.

Read Content from Files which are inside Zip file

Because of the condition in while, the loop might never break:

while (entry != null) {
  // If entry never becomes null here, loop will never break.

Instead of the null check there, you can try this:

ZipEntry entry = null;
while ((entry = zip.getNextEntry()) != null) {
  // Rest of your code

Passing by reference in C

Because you're passing a pointer(memory address) to the variable p into the function f. In other words you are passing a pointer not a reference.

How to run vi on docker container?

To install within your Docker container you can run command

docker exec apt-get update && apt-get install -y vim

But this will be limited to the container in which vim is installed. To make it available to all the containers, edit the Dockerfile and add

RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y vim

or you can also extend the image in the new Dockerfile and add above command. Eg.

FROM < image name >

RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y vim

How to loop through all but the last item of a list?

for x in y[:-1]

If y is a generator, then the above will not work.

how to load CSS file into jsp

You can write like that. This is for whenever you change context path you don't need to modify your jsp file.

<link rel="stylesheet" href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/css/styles.css" />

Why does the preflight OPTIONS request of an authenticated CORS request work in Chrome but not Firefox?

This is an old post but maybe this could help people to complete the CORS problem. To complete the basic authorization problem you should avoid authorization for OPTIONS requests in your server. This is an Apache configuration example. Just add something like this in your VirtualHost or Location.

<LimitExcept OPTIONS>
    AuthType Basic
    AuthName <AUTH_NAME>
    Require valid-user
    AuthUserFile <FILE_PATH>

Not Able To Debug App In Android Studio

In my case near any line a red circle appeared with a cross and red line with a message: "No executable code found at line ..." like in Android studio gradle breakpoint No executable code found at line.

A problem appeared after updating of build.gradle. We included Kotlin support, so a number of methods exceeded 64K. Problem lines:

buildTypes {
    debug {
        minifyEnabled true

Change them to:

buildTypes {
    debug {
        minifyEnabled false
        debuggable true

Then sync a gradle with a button "Sync Project with Gradle Files". If after restarting of your application you will get an error: "Error:The number of method references in a .dex file cannot exceed 64K. Learn how to resolve this issue at", then, like in The number of method references in a .dex file cannot exceed 64k API 17 add the following lines to build.gradle:

android {

    defaultConfig {

        // Enabling multidex support.
        multiDexEnabled true

dependencies {
    implementation ''


According to do the following to enable multidex support below Android 5.0. Else it won't start in these devices.

Open AndroidManifest and find tag <application>. Near android:name= is a reference to an Application class. Open this class. Extend Application class with MultiDexApplication so:

public class MyApplication extends MultiDexApplication { ... }

If no Application class set, write so:

        android:name="" >

What is HEAD in Git?

Assuming it is not a special case called "detached HEAD", then, as stated in the O'Reilly Git book, 2nd edtion, p.69, HEAD means:

HEAD always refers to the most recent commit on the current branch. When you change branches, HEAD is updated to refer to the new branch’s latest commit.


HEAD is the "tip" of the current branch.

Note that we can use HEAD to refer to the most recent commit, and use HEAD~ as the commit before the tip, and HEAD~~ or HEAD~2 as the commit even earlier, and so forth.

Is an HTTPS query string secure?

You can send password as MD5 hash param with some salt added. Compare it on the server side for auth.

How to auto resize and adjust Form controls with change in resolution

this.WindowState = FormWindowState.Maximized;

Convert SQL Server result set into string

Test this:


 SELECT @result = STUFF(
                        (   SELECT ',' + CONVERT(NVARCHAR(20), StudentId) 
                            FROM Student 
                            WHERE condition = abc 
                            FOR xml path('')
                        , 1
                        , 1
                        , '')

Get PostGIS version

As the above people stated, select PostGIS_full_version(); will answer your question. On my machine, where I'm running PostGIS 2.0 from trunk, I get the following output:

postgres=# select PostGIS_full_version();
POSTGIS="2.0.0alpha4SVN" GEOS="3.3.2-CAPI-1.7.2" PROJ="Rel. 4.7.1, 23 September 2009" GDAL="GDAL 1.8.1, released 2011/07/09" LIBXML="2.7.3" USE_STATS
(1 row)

You do need to care about the versions of PROJ and GEOS that are included if you didn't install an all-inclusive package - in particular, there's some brokenness in GEOS prior to 3.3.2 (as noted in the postgis 2.0 manual) in dealing with geometry validity.

Is there a way to pass optional parameters to a function?

def my_func(mandatory_arg, optional_arg=100):
    print(mandatory_arg, optional_arg)

I find this more readable than using **kwargs.

To determine if an argument was passed at all, I use a custom utility object as the default value:

MISSING = object()

def func(arg=MISSING):
    if arg is MISSING:

Why is using a wild card with a Java import statement bad?

Performance: No impact on performance as byte code is same. though it will lead to some compile overheads.

Compilation: on my personal machine, Compiling a blank class without importing anything takes 100 ms but same class when import java.* takes 170 ms.

Cut Corners using CSS

According to Harry's linear-gradient solution (answered Oct 14 '15 at 9:55), it says that opacity background isn't possible, I tried it and yep, it isn't.

But! I found a workaround. No it's not super optimised, but it worked. So here's my solution. Since Harry doesn't use pseudo element, we can achieve this by creating one.

Set position relative to the container and create a pseudo element with the same linear-gradient properties. In other words, just clone it. Then put a transparent background for the container, and lets say a black background for the clone. Put a position absolute on it, a z-index of -1 and an opacity value (ie. 50%). It will do the job. Again it's a workaround and it's not perfect but it works just fine.

.cut-corner {_x000D_
    position: relative;_x000D_
    color: white;_x000D_
    background-repeat: no-repeat;_x000D_
    background-image: linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(to bottom left, transparent calc(50% - 1px), white calc(50% - 1px), white calc(50% + 1px), transparent calc(50% + 1px)), linear-gradient(transparent, transparent), linear-gradient(transparent, transparent);_x000D_
    background-size: 2px 100%, 2px 100%, 100% 2px, 100% 2px, 25px 25px, 100% 100%, 100% 100%;_x000D_
    background-position: 0% 0%, 100% 25px, -25px 0%, 0px 100%, 100% 0%, -25px 0%, 100% 25px;_x000D_
.cut-corner:after {_x000D_
    content: "";_x000D_
    position: absolute;_x000D_
    left: 0;_x000D_
    bottom: 0;_x000D_
    right: 0;_x000D_
    top: 0;_x000D_
    z-index: -1;_x000D_
    opacity: 0.5;_x000D_
    background-repeat: no-repeat;_x000D_
    background-image: linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(white, white), linear-gradient(to bottom left, transparent calc(50% - 1px), white calc(50% - 1px), white calc(50% + 1px), black calc(50% + 1px)), linear-gradient(black, black), linear-gradient(black, black);_x000D_
    background-size: 2px 100%, 2px 100%, 100% 2px, 100% 2px, 25px 25px, 100% 100%, 100% 100%;_x000D_
    background-position: 0% 0%, 100% 25px, -25px 0%, 0px 100%, 100% 0%, -25px 0%, 100% 25px;_x000D_
/* Just for demo */_x000D_
div {_x000D_
  padding: 10px;_x000D_
 background-image: radial-gradient(circle, #3F9CBA 0%, #153346 100%);_x000D_
<div class="cut-corner">_x000D_
  Some content<br>_x000D_
  Some content<br>_x000D_
  Some content<br>_x000D_
  Some content  _x000D_

How to close IPython Notebook properly?

Linux (Ubuntu 14.04)

As mentioned, try to kill ipython notebook processes properly by first going to the "running" tab in your ipynb/jupyter browser session, and then check open terminals on your console and shut down with ctrl-c. The latter should be avoided if possible.

If you run an ipython notebook list and continue to see running ipython servers at different ports, make note of which ports the existing notebooks are being served to. Then shut down your TCP ports:

fuser -k 'port#'/tcp 

I'm not sure if there are other risks involved with doing this. If so, let me know.

What does random.sample() method in python do?

random.sample() also works on text


> text = open("textfile.txt").read() 

> random.sample(text, 5)

> ['f', 's', 'y', 'v', '\n']

\n is also seen as a character so that can also be returned

you could use random.sample() to return random words from a text file if you first use the split method


> words = text.split()

> random.sample(words, 5)

> ['the', 'and', 'a', 'her', 'of']

Print commit message of a given commit in git

Not plumbing, but I have these in my .gitconfig:

lsum = log -n 1 --pretty=format:'%s'
lmsg = log -n 1 --pretty=format:'%s%n%n%b'

That's "last summary" and "last message". You can provide a commit to get the summary or message of that commit. (I'm using so don't have %B.)

nodeJs callbacks simple example

var myCallback = function(data) {
  console.log('got data: '+data);

var usingItNow = function(callback) {
  callback('get it?');

Now open node or browser console and paste the above definitions.

Finally use it with this next line:


With Respect to the Node-Style Error Conventions

Costa asked what this would look like if we were to honor the node error callback conventions.

In this convention, the callback should expect to receive at least one argument, the first argument, as an error. Optionally we will have one or more additional arguments, depending on the context. In this case, the context is our above example.

Here I rewrite our example in this convention.

var myCallback = function(err, data) {
  if (err) throw err; // Check for the error and throw if it exists.
  console.log('got data: '+data); // Otherwise proceed as usual.

var usingItNow = function(callback) {
  callback(null, 'get it?'); // I dont want to throw an error, so I pass null for the error argument

If we want to simulate an error case, we can define usingItNow like this

var usingItNow = function(callback) {
  var myError = new Error('My custom error!');
  callback(myError, 'get it?'); // I send my error as the first argument.

The final usage is exactly the same as in above:


The only difference in behavior would be contingent on which version of usingItNow you've defined: the one that feeds a "truthy value" (an Error object) to the callback for the first argument, or the one that feeds it null for the error argument.

Oracle Convert Seconds to Hours:Minutes:Seconds

Assuming your time is called st.etime below and stored in seconds, here is what I use. This handles times where the seconds are greater than 86399 seconds (which is 11:59:59 pm)

case when st.etime > 86399 then to_char(to_date(st.etime - 86400,'sssss'),'HH24:MI:SS') else to_char(to_date(st.etime,'sssss'),'HH24:MI:SS') end readable_time

How to write file in UTF-8 format?

This works for me. :)

# Now UTF-8 - Add byte order mark 
fwrite($f, pack("CCC",0xef,0xbb,0xbf)); 

Ellipsis for overflow text in dropdown boxes

I used this approach in a recent project and I was pretty happy with the result:

.select-wrapper {
    position: relative;
    &::after {
        position: absolute;
        top: 0;
        right: 0;
        width: 100px;
        height: 100%;
        content: "";
        background: linear-gradient(to right, transparent, white);
        pointer-events: none;

Basically, wrap the select in a div and insert a pseudo element to overlay the end of the text to create the appearance that the text fades out.

enter image description here

Can PHP cURL retrieve response headers AND body in a single request?

The problem with many answers here is that "\r\n\r\n" can legitimately appear in the body of the html, so you can't be sure that you're splitting headers correctly.

It seems that the only way to store headers separately with one call to curl_exec is to use a callback as is suggested above in

And then to (reliably) get just the body of the request, you would need to pass the value of the Content-Length header to substr() as a negative start value.

How to remove only 0 (Zero) values from column in excel 2010

The (Ctrl+F) solution is really close - just the final step in the process was not articulated. While the author is correct about a space = "0", it won't make any difference with this method. The data you search for (whatever you want to delete) can be anything.

Search for the data you want to delete (in the "Find" field). In the "Replace" field, leave it blank. Then Replace or Replace All. The cells with those specific data will be emptied.

Thanks for getting me on the right track.

Downloading jQuery UI CSS from Google's CDN

Google is hosting jQueryUI css at this link

If you look at this code directly, it is importing the css using @import which can be slow. You may want to factor the import into its parts to gain a slight performance benefit:

What is the most efficient way to create HTML elements using jQuery?

If you have a lot of HTML content (more than just a single div), you might consider building the HTML into the page within a hidden container, then updating it and making it visible when needed. This way, a large portion of your markup can be pre-parsed by the browser and avoid getting bogged down by JavaScript when called. Hope this helps!

PostgreSQL function for last inserted ID

For the ones who need to get the all data record, you can add

returning *

to the end of your query to get the all object including the id.