Programs & Examples On #Scripting languages

0

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException when using the ArrayList's iterator

List<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<String>();
for (String s : arrayList) {
    if(s.equals(value)){
        //do something
    }
}

or

for (int i = 0; i < arrayList.size(); i++) {
    if(arrayList.get(i).equals(value)){
        //do something
    }
}

But be carefull ArrayList can hold null values. So comparation should be

value.equals(arrayList.get(i))

when you are sure that value is not null or you should check if given element is null.

Responsive Google Map?

i think the simplest way will be to add this css and it will work perfectly.

embed, object, iframe{max-width: 100%;}

How to create strings containing double quotes in Excel formulas?

Returning an empty or zero-length string (e.g. "") to make a cell appear blank is a common practise in a worksheet formula but recreating that option when inserting the formula through the Range.Formula or Range.FormulaR1C1 property in VBA is unwieldy due to the necessity of having to double-up the double-quote characters within a quoted string.

The worksheet's native TEXT function can produce the same result without using quotes.

'formula to insert into C1 - =IF(A1<>"", B1, "")
range("C1").formula = "=IF(A1<>"""", B1, """")"         '<~quote chars doubled up
range("C1").formula = "=IF(A1<>TEXT(,), B1, TEXT(,))"   '<~with TEXT(,) instead

To my eye, using TEXT(,) in place of "" cleans up even a simple formula like the one above. The benefits become increasingly significant when used in more complicated formulas like the practise of appending an empty string to a VLOOKUP to avoid returning a zero to the cell when a lookup results in a blank or returning an empty string on no-match with IFERROR.

'formula to insert into D1 - =IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A1, B:C, 2, FALSE)&"", "")
range("D1").formula = "=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A1, B:C, 2, FALSE)&"""", """")"
range("D1").formula = "=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(A1, B:C, 2, FALSE)&TEXT(,), TEXT(,))"

With TEXT(,) replacing the old "" method of delivering an empty string, you might get to stop using an abacus to determine whether you have the right number of quote characters in a formula string.

Change marker size in Google maps V3

This answer expounds on John Black's helpful answer, so I will repeat some of his answer content in my answer.

The easiest way to resize a marker seems to be leaving argument 2, 3, and 4 null and scaling the size in argument 5.

var pinIcon = new google.maps.MarkerImage(
    "http://chart.apis.google.com/chart?chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=%E2%80%A2|FFFF00",
    null, /* size is determined at runtime */
    null, /* origin is 0,0 */
    null, /* anchor is bottom center of the scaled image */
    new google.maps.Size(42, 68)
);  

As an aside, this answer to a similar question asserts that defining marker size in the 2nd argument is better than scaling in the 5th argument. I don't know if this is true.

Leaving arguments 2-4 null works great for the default google pin image, but you must set an anchor explicitly for the default google pin shadow image, or it will look like this:

what happens when you leave anchor null on an enlarged shadow

The bottom center of the pin image happens to be collocated with the tip of the pin when you view the graphic on the map. This is important, because the marker's position property (marker's LatLng position on the map) will automatically be collocated with the visual tip of the pin when you leave the anchor (4th argument) null. In other words, leaving the anchor null ensures the tip points where it is supposed to point.

However, the tip of the shadow is not located at the bottom center. So you need to set the 4th argument explicitly to offset the tip of the pin shadow so the shadow's tip will be colocated with the pin image's tip.

By experimenting I found the tip of the shadow should be set like this: x is 1/3 of size and y is 100% of size.

var pinShadow = new google.maps.MarkerImage(
    "http://chart.apis.google.com/chart?chst=d_map_pin_shadow",
    null,
    null,
    /* Offset x axis 33% of overall size, Offset y axis 100% of overall size */
    new google.maps.Point(40, 110), 
    new google.maps.Size(120, 110)); 

to give this:

offset the enlarged shadow anchor explicitly

How to assign an exec result to a sql variable?

I always use the return value to pass back error status. If you need to pass back one value I'd use an output parameter.

sample stored procedure, with an OUTPUT parameter:

CREATE PROCEDURE YourStoredProcedure 
(
    @Param1    int
   ,@Param2    varchar(5)
   ,@Param3    datetime OUTPUT
)
AS
IF ISNULL(@Param1,0)>5
BEGIN
    SET @Param3=GETDATE()
END
ELSE
BEGIN
    SET @Param3='1/1/2010'
END
RETURN 0
GO

call to the stored procedure, with an OUTPUT parameter:

DECLARE @OutputParameter  datetime
       ,@ReturnValue      int

EXEC @ReturnValue=YourStoredProcedure 1,null, @OutputParameter OUTPUT
PRINT @ReturnValue
PRINT CONVERT(char(23),@OutputParameter ,121)

OUTPUT:

0
2010-01-01 00:00:00.000

Good font for code presentations?

  • Lucida Console (good, but a little short)
  • Lucida Sans Typewriter (taller, smaller character set)
  • Andale Mono is very clear

But this has been answered here before.

Error message "unreported exception java.io.IOException; must be caught or declared to be thrown"

void showfile() throws java.io.IOException  <-----

Your showfile() method throws IOException, so whenever you use it you have to either catch that exception or again thorw it. Something like:

try {
  showfile();
}
catch(IOException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
}

You should learn about exceptions in Java.

Input widths on Bootstrap 3

I know this is an old thread, but I experienced the same issue with an inline form, and none of the options above solved the issue. So I fixed my inline form like so:-

<form class="form-inline" action="" method="post" accept-charset="UTF-8">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="form-group col-xs-7" style="padding-right: 0;">
            <label class="sr-only" for="term">Search</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" style="width: 100% !important;" name="term" id="term" placeholder="Search..." autocomplete="off">
            <span class="help-block">0 results</span>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group col-xs-2">
            <button type="submit" name="search" class="btn btn-success" id="search">Search</button>
        </div>
    </div>
</form>

That was my solution. Bit hacky hack, but did the job for an inline form.

TypeError: list indices must be integers or slices, not str

First, array_length should be an integer and not a string:

array_length = len(array_dates)

Second, your for loop should be constructed using range:

for i in range(array_length):  # Use `xrange` for python 2.

Third, i will increment automatically, so delete the following line:

i += 1

Note, one could also just zip the two lists given that they have the same length:

import csv

dates = ['2020-01-01', '2020-01-02', '2020-01-03']
urls = ['www.abc.com', 'www.cnn.com', 'www.nbc.com']

csv_file_patch = '/path/to/filename.csv'

with open(csv_file_patch, 'w') as fout:
    csv_file = csv.writer(fout, delimiter=';', lineterminator='\n')
    result_array = zip(dates, urls)
    csv_file.writerows(result_array)

How can I add a class attribute to an HTML element generated by MVC's HTML Helpers?

In order to create an anonymous type (or any type) with a property that has a reserved keyword as its name in C#, you can prepend the property name with an at sign, @:

Html.BeginForm("Foo", "Bar", FormMethod.Post, new { @class = "myclass"})

For VB.NET this syntax would be accomplished using the dot, ., which in that language is default syntax for all anonymous types:

Html.BeginForm("Foo", "Bar", FormMethod.Post, new with { .class = "myclass" })

Access VBA | How to replace parts of a string with another string

Since the string "North" might be the beginning of a street name, e.g. "Northern Boulevard", street directions are always between the street number and the street name, and separated from street number and street name.

Public Function strReplace(varValue As Variant) as Variant

Select Case varValue

    Case "Avenue"
        strReplace = "Ave"

    Case " North "
        strReplace = " N "

    Case Else
        strReplace = varValue

End Select

End Function

Most efficient way to append arrays in C#?

I believe if you have 2 arrays of the same type that you want to combine into a third array, there's a very simple way to do that.

here's the code:

String[] theHTMLFiles = Directory.GetFiles(basePath, "*.html");
String[] thexmlFiles = Directory.GetFiles(basePath, "*.xml");
List<String> finalList = new List<String>(theHTMLFiles.Concat<string>(thexmlFiles));
String[] finalArray = finalList.ToArray();

CSS Outside Border

Way late, but I just ran into a similar issue.
My solution was pseudo elements - no additional markup, and you get to draw the border without affecting the width.
Position the pseudo element absolutely (with the main positioned relatively) and whammo.

See below, JSFiddle here.

.hello {
    position: relative;
    /* Styling not important */
    background: black;
    color: white;
    padding: 20px;
    width: 200px;
    height: 200px;
}

.hello::before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    display: block;
    top: 0;
    left: -5px;
    right: -5px;
    bottom: 0;
    border-left: 5px solid red;
    border-right: 5px solid red;
    z-index: -1;
}

How to deal with "data of class uneval" error from ggplot2?

when you add a new data set to a geom you need to use the data= argument. Or put the arguments in the proper order mapping=..., data=.... Take a look at the arguments for ?geom_line.

Thus:

p + geom_line(data=df.last, aes(HrEnd, MWh, group=factor(Date)), color="red") 

Or:

p + geom_line(aes(HrEnd, MWh, group=factor(Date)), df.last, color="red") 

When to choose mouseover() and hover() function?

As you can read at http://api.jquery.com/mouseenter/

The mouseenter JavaScript event is proprietary to Internet Explorer. Because of the event's general utility, jQuery simulates this event so that it can be used regardless of browser. This event is sent to an element when the mouse pointer enters the element. Any HTML element can receive this event.

Two way sync with rsync

Rclone is what you are looking for. Rclone ("rsync for cloud storage") is a command line program to sync files and directories to and from different cloud storage providers including local filesystems. Rclone was previously known as Swiftsync and has been available since 2013.

Get index of selected option with jQuery

You can use the .prop(propertyName) function to get a property from the first element in the jQuery object.

var savedIndex = $(selectElement).prop('selectedIndex');

This keeps your code within the jQuery realm and also avoids the other option of using a selector to find the selected option. You can then restore it using the overload:

$(selectElement).prop('selectedIndex', savedIndex);

Find current directory and file's directory

Pathlib can be used this way to get the directory containing current script :

import pathlib
filepath = pathlib.Path(__file__).resolve().parent

Error: Configuration with name 'default' not found in Android Studio

Removing few react-native dependencies solved the problem

Deleting these lines the problem is resolved. This line is created by rnpm link but is a bug.

compile project(':react-native-gps')
compile project(':react-native-maps')

JAXB: How to ignore namespace during unmarshalling XML document?

Another way to add a default namespace to an XML Document before feeding it to JAXB is to use JDom:

  1. Parse XML to a Document
  2. Iterate through and set namespace on all Elements
  3. Unmarshall using a JDOMSource

Like this:

public class XMLObjectFactory {
    private static Namespace DEFAULT_NS = Namespace.getNamespace("http://tempuri.org/");

    public static Object createObject(InputStream in) {
        try {
            SAXBuilder sb = new SAXBuilder(false);
            Document doc = sb.build(in);
            setNamespace(doc.getRootElement(), DEFAULT_NS, true);
            Source src = new JDOMSource(doc);
            JAXBContext context = JAXBContext.newInstance("org.tempuri");
            Unmarshaller unmarshaller = context.createUnmarshaller();
            JAXBElement root = unmarshaller.unmarshal(src);
            return root.getValue();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create Object", e);
        }
    }

    private static void setNamespace(Element elem, Namespace ns, boolean recurse) {
        elem.setNamespace(ns);
        if (recurse) {
            for (Object o : elem.getChildren()) {
                setNamespace((Element) o, ns, recurse);
            }
        }
    }

Can't import org.apache.http.HttpResponse in Android Studio

HttpClient was deprecated in Android 5.1 and is removed from the Android SDK in Android 6.0. While there is a workaround to continue using HttpClient in Android 6.0 with Android Studio, you really need to move to something else. That "something else" could be:

Or, depending upon the nature of your HTTP work, you might choose a library that supports higher-order operations (e.g., Retrofit for Web service APIs).

In a pinch, you could enable the legacy APIs, by having useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy' in your android closure in your module's build.gradle file. However, Google has been advising people for years to stop using Android's built-in HttpClient, and so at most, this should be a stop-gap move, while you work on a more permanent shift to another API.

Modifying list while iterating

Use a while loop that checks for the truthfulness of the array:

while array:
    value = array.pop(0)
    # do some calculation here

And it should do it without any errors or funny behaviour.

compilation error: identifier expected

You also will have to catch or throw the IOException. See below. Not always the best way, but it will get you a result:

public class details {
    public static void main( String[] args) throws IOException {
        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
        System.out.println("What is your name?");
        String name = in.readLine(); ;
        System.out.println("Hello " + name);
    }
}

Find the index of a dict within a list, by matching the dict's value

Answer offered by @faham is a nice one-liner, but it doesn't return the index to the dictionary containing the value. Instead it returns the dictionary itself. Here is a simple way to get: A list of indexes one or more if there are more than one, or an empty list if there are none:

list = [{'id':'1234','name':'Jason'},
        {'id':'2345','name':'Tom'},
        {'id':'3456','name':'Art'}]

[i for i, d in enumerate(list) if 'Tom' in d.values()]

Output:

>>> [1]

What I like about this approach is that with a simple edit you can get a list of both the indexes and the dictionaries as tuples. This is the problem I needed to solve and found these answers. In the following, I added a duplicate value in a different dictionary to show how it works:

list = [{'id':'1234','name':'Jason'},
        {'id':'2345','name':'Tom'},
        {'id':'3456','name':'Art'},
        {'id':'4567','name':'Tom'}]

[(i, d) for i, d in enumerate(list) if 'Tom' in d.values()]

Output:

>>> [(1, {'id': '2345', 'name': 'Tom'}), (3, {'id': '4567', 'name': 'Tom'})]

This solution finds all dictionaries containing 'Tom' in any of their values.

PHP cURL vs file_get_contents

This is old topic but on my last test on one my API, cURL is faster and more stable. Sometimes file_get_contents on larger request need over 5 seconds when cURL need only from 1.4 to 1.9 seconds what is double faster.

I need to add one note on this that I just send GET and recive JSON content. If you setup cURL properly, you will have a great response. Just "tell" to cURL what you need to send and what you need to recive and that's it.

On your exampe I would like to do this setup:

$ch =  curl_init('http://api.bitly.com/v3/shorten?login=user&apiKey=key&longUrl=url');
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, 0);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH, CURLAUTH_BASIC);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 5);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 3);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Accept: application/json'));
$result = curl_exec($ch);

This request will return data in 0.10 second max

Passing multiple values for a single parameter in Reporting Services

ORACLE:

The "IN" phrase (Ed's Solution) won't work against an Oracle connection (at least version 10). However, found this simple work-around which does. Using the dataset's parameter's tab turn the multi-value parameter into a CSV:

    :name =join(Parameters!name.Value,",")

Then in your SQL statement's WHERE clause use the instring function to check for a match.

    INSTR(:name, TABLE.FILENAME) > 0

How to store values from foreach loop into an array?

<?php 
$items = array();
$count = 0;
foreach($group_membership as $i => $username) { 
 $items[$count++] = $username; 
} 
print_r($items); 
?>

How can I give eclipse more memory than 512M?

You can copy this to your eclipse.ini file to have 1024M:

-clean -showsplash
org.eclipse.platform
--launcher.XXMaxPermSize
256m
-vmargs
-Xms512m
-Xmx1024m
-XX:PermSize=128m
-XX:MaxPermSize=256m 

How do I remove the passphrase for the SSH key without having to create a new key?

On windows, you can use PuttyGen to load the private key file, remove the passphrase and then overwrite the existing private key file.

Aren't promises just callbacks?

Promises are not callbacks. A promise represents the future result of an asynchronous operation. Of course, writing them the way you do, you get little benefit. But if you write them the way they are meant to be used, you can write asynchronous code in a way that resembles synchronous code and is much more easy to follow:

api().then(function(result){
    return api2();
}).then(function(result2){
    return api3();
}).then(function(result3){
     // do work
});

Certainly, not much less code, but much more readable.

But this is not the end. Let's discover the true benefits: What if you wanted to check for any error in any of the steps? It would be hell to do it with callbacks, but with promises, is a piece of cake:

api().then(function(result){
    return api2();
}).then(function(result2){
    return api3();
}).then(function(result3){
     // do work
}).catch(function(error) {
     //handle any error that may occur before this point
});

Pretty much the same as a try { ... } catch block.

Even better:

api().then(function(result){
    return api2();
}).then(function(result2){
    return api3();
}).then(function(result3){
     // do work
}).catch(function(error) {
     //handle any error that may occur before this point
}).then(function() {
     //do something whether there was an error or not
     //like hiding an spinner if you were performing an AJAX request.
});

And even better: What if those 3 calls to api, api2, api3 could run simultaneously (e.g. if they were AJAX calls) but you needed to wait for the three? Without promises, you should have to create some sort of counter. With promises, using the ES6 notation, is another piece of cake and pretty neat:

Promise.all([api(), api2(), api3()]).then(function(result) {
    //do work. result is an array contains the values of the three fulfilled promises.
}).catch(function(error) {
    //handle the error. At least one of the promises rejected.
});

Hope you see Promises in a new light now.

Is there a rule-of-thumb for how to divide a dataset into training and validation sets?

There are two competing concerns: with less training data, your parameter estimates have greater variance. With less testing data, your performance statistic will have greater variance. Broadly speaking you should be concerned with dividing data such that neither variance is too high, which is more to do with the absolute number of instances in each category rather than the percentage.

If you have a total of 100 instances, you're probably stuck with cross validation as no single split is going to give you satisfactory variance in your estimates. If you have 100,000 instances, it doesn't really matter whether you choose an 80:20 split or a 90:10 split (indeed you may choose to use less training data if your method is particularly computationally intensive).

Assuming you have enough data to do proper held-out test data (rather than cross-validation), the following is an instructive way to get a handle on variances:

  1. Split your data into training and testing (80/20 is indeed a good starting point)
  2. Split the training data into training and validation (again, 80/20 is a fair split).
  3. Subsample random selections of your training data, train the classifier with this, and record the performance on the validation set
  4. Try a series of runs with different amounts of training data: randomly sample 20% of it, say, 10 times and observe performance on the validation data, then do the same with 40%, 60%, 80%. You should see both greater performance with more data, but also lower variance across the different random samples
  5. To get a handle on variance due to the size of test data, perform the same procedure in reverse. Train on all of your training data, then randomly sample a percentage of your validation data a number of times, and observe performance. You should now find that the mean performance on small samples of your validation data is roughly the same as the performance on all the validation data, but the variance is much higher with smaller numbers of test samples

How to change date format in JavaScript

Use your mydate object and call getMonth() and getFullYear()

See this for more info: http://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_obj_date.asp

Hour from DateTime? in 24 hours format

Try this:

//String.Format("{0:HH:mm}", dt);  // where dt is a DateTime variable

public static string FormatearHoraA24(DateTime? fechaHora)
{
    if (!fechaHora.HasValue)
        return "";

    return retornar = String.Format("{0:HH:mm}", (DateTime)fechaHora);
}

Stop a youtube video with jquery?

It took me a bit of scouting around to suss this out, but I've settled on this cross-browser implementation:

HTML

<div class="video" style="display: none">
    <div class="mask"></div>
    <a href="#" class="close-btn"><span class="fa fa-times"></span></a>
    <div class="overlay">
        <iframe id="player" width="100%" height="70%" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/Xp697DqsbUU" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
    </div>
</div>

jQuery

$('.launch-video').click(function() {
  $('.video').show();
  $("#player").attr('src','//www.youtube.com/embed/Xp697DqsbUU'); 
});

$('.close-btn').click(function() {
  $('.video').hide();
  $("#player").attr('src','');   
});

What it essentially does is open my lightbox and populate my src attribute, and on close, just remove the src value (then re-populates it on open).

Custom UITableViewCell from nib in Swift

Another method that may work for you (it's how I do it) is registering a class.

Assume you create a custom tableView like the following:

class UICustomTableViewCell: UITableViewCell {...}

You can then register this cell in whatever UITableViewController you will be displaying it in with "registerClass":

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    tableView.registerClass(UICustomTableViewCell.self, forCellReuseIdentifier: "UICustomTableViewCellIdentifier")
}

And you can call it as you would expect in the cell for row method:

override func tableView(tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
    let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier("UICustomTableViewCellIdentifier", forIndexPath: indexPath) as! UICustomTableViewCell
    return cell
}

How to get Java Decompiler / JD / JD-Eclipse running in Eclipse Helios

  1. Download the JD-Eclipse Update Site(github.com/java-decompiler/jd-eclipse)
  2. Launch Eclipse,

  3. Click on "Help > Install New Software...",

  4. Click on button "Add..." to add an new repository,

  5. Enter "JD-Eclipse Update Site" and select the local site directory,

  6. Check "Java Decompiler Eclipse Plug-in",

  7. Next, next, next... and restart Eclipse.

GET parameters in the URL with CodeIgniter

This function is identical to the post function, only it fetches get data:

$this->input->get()

https://www.codeigniter.com/user_guide/libraries/input.html

CertPathValidatorException : Trust anchor for certificate path not found - Retrofit Android

You are converting cert into BKS Keystore, why aren't you using .cert directly, from https://developer.android.com/training/articles/security-ssl.html:

CertificateFactory cf = CertificateFactory.getInstance("X.509");
InputStream instream = context.getResources().openRawResource(R.raw.gtux_cert);
Certificate ca;
try {
    ca = cf.generateCertificate(instream);
} finally {
    caInput.close();
}

KeyStore kStore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
kStore.load(null, null);
kStore.setCertificateEntry("ca", ca);

TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm(););
tmf.init(kStore);

SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
context.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);

okHttpClient.setSslSocketFactory(context.getSocketFactory());

Storing and Retrieving ArrayList values from hashmap

Iterator it = map.entrySet().iterator();
while (it.hasNext()) {
     Map.Entry pairs = (Map.Entry)it.next();

     if(pairs.getKey().equals("mango"))
     {
        map.put(pairs.getKey(), pairs.getValue().add(18));
     }

     else if(!map.containsKey("mango"))
     {
        List<Integer> ints = new ArrayList<Integer>();
        ints.add(18);
        map.put("mango",ints);
     }

     it.remove(); // avoids a ConcurrentModificationException
}

EDIT: So inside the while try this:

map.put(pairs.getKey(), pairs.getValue().add(number))

You are getting the error because you are trying to put an integer to the values, whereas it is expected an ArrayList.

EDIT 2: Then put the following inside your while loop:

if(pairs.getKey().equals("mango"))
{
    map.put(pairs.getKey(), pairs.getValue().add(18));
}

else if(!map.containsKey("mango"))
{
     List<Integer> ints = new ArrayList<Integer>();
     ints.add(18);
     map.put("mango",ints);
 }

EDIT 3: By reading your requirements, I come to think you may not need a loop. You may want to only check if the map contains the key mango, and if it does add 18, else create a new entry in the map with key mango and value 18.

So all you may need is the following, without the loop:

if(map.containsKey("mango"))
{
    map.put("mango", map.get("mango).add(18));
}

else
{
    List<Integer> ints = new ArrayList<Integer>();
    ints.add(18);
    map.put("mango", ints);
}

TypeError: 'list' object is not callable while trying to access a list

For accessing the elements of a list you need to use the square brackets ([]) and not the parenthesis (()).

Instead of:

print  wordlists(len(words))

you need to use:

print worldlists[len(words)]

And instead of:

(wordlists(len(words))).append(words)

you need to use:

worldlists[len(words)].append(words)

Difference between partition key, composite key and clustering key in Cassandra?

The primary key in Cassandra usually consists of two parts - Partition key and Clustering columns.

primary_key((partition_key), clustering_col )

Partition key - The first part of the primary key. The main aim of a partition key is to identify the node which stores the particular row.

CREATE TABLE phone_book ( phone_num int, name text, age int, city text, PRIMARY KEY ((phone_num, name), age);

Here, (phone_num, name) is the partition key. While inserting the data, the hash value of the partition key is generated and this value decides which node the row should go into.

Consider a 4 node cluster, each node has a range of hash values it can store. (Write) INSERT INTO phone_book VALUES (7826573732, ‘Joey’, 25, ‘New York’);

Now, the hash value of the partition key is calculated by Cassandra partitioner. say, hash value(7826573732, ‘Joey’) ? 12 , now, this row will be inserted in Node C.

(Read) SELECT * FROM phone_book WHERE phone_num=7826573732 and name=’Joey’;

Now, again the hash value of the partition key (7826573732,’Joey’) is calculated, which is 12 in our case which resides in Node C, from which the read is done.

  1. Clustering columns - Second part of the primary key. The main purpose of having clustering columns is to store the data in a sorted order. By default, the order is ascending.

There can be more than one partition key and clustering columns in a primary key depending on the query you are solving.

primary_key((pk1, pk2), col 1,col2)

Regex for numbers only

It is matching because it is finding "a match" not a match of the full string. You can fix this by changing your regexp to specifically look for the beginning and end of the string.

^\d+$

How to change SmartGit's licensing option after 30 days of commercial use on ubuntu?

For version 19.1 and above goto specified directory and delete these mentioned files:

  1. C:\Users\UserName\AppData\Roaming\syntevo\SmartGit\20.1<smart-git-version>

    • preferences.yml
    • license file
  2. C:\Users\UserName\AppData\Roaming\syntevo\SmartGit\20.1\.backup

    • preferences.yml

For the previous version goto specified directory and delete mentioned file:

  1. C:\Users\UserName\AppData\Roaming\syntevo\SmartGit\17<smart-git-version>

    • setting.xml

Generating a list of pages (not posts) without the index file

I can offer you a jquery solution

add this in your <head></head> tag

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>

add this after </ul>

 <script> $('ul li:first').remove(); </script> 

Remove array element based on object property

Using lodash library it is simple as this

_.remove(myArray , { field: 'money' });

How to write a SQL DELETE statement with a SELECT statement in the WHERE clause?

Shouldn't you have:

DELETE FROM tableA WHERE entitynum IN (...your select...)

Now you just have a WHERE with no comparison:

DELETE FROM tableA WHERE (...your select...)

So your final query would look like this;

DELETE FROM tableA WHERE entitynum IN (
    SELECT tableA.entitynum FROM tableA q
      INNER JOIN tableB u on (u.qlabel = q.entityrole AND u.fieldnum = q.fieldnum) 
    WHERE (LENGTH(q.memotext) NOT IN (8,9,10) OR q.memotext NOT LIKE '%/%/%')
      AND (u.FldFormat = 'Date')
)

127 Return code from $?

If the IBM mainframe JCL has some extra characters or numbers at the end of the name of unix script being called then it can throw such error.

How can I get Docker Linux container information from within the container itself?

I've found that in 17.09 there is a simplest way to do it within docker container:

$ cat /proc/self/cgroup | head -n 1 | cut -d '/' -f3
4de1c09d3f1979147cd5672571b69abec03d606afcc7bdc54ddb2b69dec3861c

Or like it has already been told, a shorter version with

$ cat /etc/hostname
4de1c09d3f19

Or simply:

$ hostname
4de1c09d3f19

How to read text files with ANSI encoding and non-English letters?

You get the question-mark-diamond characters when your textfile uses high-ANSI encoding -- meaning it uses characters between 127 and 255. Those characters have the eighth (i.e. the most significant) bit set. When ASP.NET reads the textfile it assumes UTF-8 encoding, and that most significant bit has a special meaning.

You must force ASP.NET to interpret the textfile as high-ANSI encoding, by telling it the codepage is 1252:

String textFilePhysicalPath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/textfiles/MyInputFile.txt");
String contents = File.ReadAllText(textFilePhysicalPath, System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(1252));
lblContents.Text = contents.Replace("\n", "<br />");  // change linebreaks to HTML

Prevent Sequelize from outputting SQL to the console on execution of query?

If 'config/config.json' file is used then add 'logging': false to the config.json in this case under development configuration section.

  // file config/config.json
  {
      {
      "development": {
        "username": "username",
        "password": "password",
        "database": "db_name",
        "host": "127.0.0.1",
        "dialect": "mysql",
        "logging": false
      },
      "test": {
    ...
   }

How to check if IEnumerable is null or empty?

Sure you could write that:

public static class Utils {
    public static bool IsAny<T>(this IEnumerable<T> data) {
        return data != null && data.Any();
    }
}

however, be cautious that not all sequences are repeatable; generally I prefer to only walk them once, just in case.

Converting Numpy Array to OpenCV Array

The simplest solution would be to use Pillow lib:

from PIL import Image

image = Image.fromarray(<your_numpy_array>.astype(np.uint8))

And you can use it as an image.

What database does Google use?

As others have mentioned, Google uses a homegrown solution called BigTable and they've released a few papers describing it out into the real world.

The Apache folks have an implementation of the ideas presented in these papers called HBase. HBase is part of the larger Hadoop project which according to their site "is a software platform that lets one easily write and run applications that process vast amounts of data." Some of the benchmarks are quite impressive. Their site is at http://hadoop.apache.org.

Using for loop inside of a JSP

You concrete problem is caused because you're mixing discouraged and old school scriptlets <% %> with its successor EL ${}. They do not share the same variable scope. The allFestivals is not available in scriptlet scope and the i is not available in EL scope.

You should install JSTL (<-- click the link for instructions) and declare it in top of JSP as follows:

<%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core"%>

and then iterate over the list as follows:

<c:forEach items="${allFestivals}" var="festival">
    <tr>      
        <td>${festival.festivalName}</td>
        <td>${festival.location}</td>
        <td>${festival.startDate}</td>
        <td>${festival.endDate}</td>
        <td>${festival.URL}</td>  
    </tr>
</c:forEach>

(beware of possible XSS attack holes, use <c:out> accordingly)

Don't forget to remove the <jsp:useBean> as it has no utter value here when you're using a servlet as model-and-view controller. It would only lead to confusion. See also our servlets wiki page. Further you would do yourself a favour to disable scriptlets by the following entry in web.xml so that you won't accidently use them:

<jsp-config>
    <jsp-property-group>
        <url-pattern>*.jsp</url-pattern>
        <scripting-invalid>true</scripting-invalid>
    </jsp-property-group>
</jsp-config>

Turn a number into star rating display using jQuery and CSS

Try this jquery helper function/file

jquery.Rating.js

//ES5
$.fn.stars = function() {
    return $(this).each(function() {
        var rating = $(this).data("rating");
        var fullStar = new Array(Math.floor(rating + 1)).join('<i class="fas fa-star"></i>');
        var halfStar = ((rating%1) !== 0) ? '<i class="fas fa-star-half-alt"></i>': '';
        var noStar = new Array(Math.floor($(this).data("numStars") + 1 - rating)).join('<i class="far fa-star"></i>');
        $(this).html(fullStar + halfStar + noStar);
    });
}

//ES6
$.fn.stars = function() {
    return $(this).each(function() {
        const rating = $(this).data("rating");
        const numStars = $(this).data("numStars");
        const fullStar = '<i class="fas fa-star"></i>'.repeat(Math.floor(rating));
        const halfStar = (rating%1!== 0) ? '<i class="fas fa-star-half-alt"></i>': '';
        const noStar = '<i class="far fa-star"></i>'.repeat(Math.floor(numStars-rating));
        $(this).html(`${fullStar}${halfStar}${noStar}`);
    });
}

index.html

   <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html lang="en">
    <head>
        <meta charset="UTF-8">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
        <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
        <title>Star Rating</title>
        <link href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/5.9.0/css/all.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
        <script src="js/jquery.Rating.js"></script>
        <script>
            $(function(){
                $('.stars').stars();
            });
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>

        <span class="stars" data-rating="3.5" data-num-stars="5" ></span>

    </body>
    </html>

Screenshot

MySQL SELECT AS combine two columns into one

If both columns can contain NULL, but you still want to merge them to a single string, the easiest solution is to use CONCAT_WS():

SELECT FirstName AS First_Name
     , LastName AS Last_Name
     , CONCAT_WS('', ContactPhoneAreaCode1, ContactPhoneNumber1) AS Contact_Phone 
  FROM TABLE1

This way you won't have to check for NULL-ness of each column separately.

Alternatively, if both columns are actually defined as NOT NULL, CONCAT() will be quite enough:

SELECT FirstName AS First_Name
     , LastName AS Last_Name
     , CONCAT(ContactPhoneAreaCode1, ContactPhoneNumber1) AS Contact_Phone 
  FROM TABLE1

As for COALESCE, it's a bit different beast: given the list of arguments, it returns the first that's not NULL.

How to read data from excel file using c#

CSharpJExcel for reading Excel 97-2003 files (XLS), ExcelPackage for reading Excel 2007/2010 files (Office Open XML format, XLSX), and ExcelDataReader that seems to have the ability to handle both formats

Good luck!

How can I combine flexbox and vertical scroll in a full-height app?

Thanks to https://stackoverflow.com/users/1652962/cimmanon that gave me the answer.

The solution is setting a height to the vertical scrollable element. For example:

#container article {
    flex: 1 1 auto;
    overflow-y: auto;
    height: 0px;
}

The element will have height because flexbox recalculates it unless you want a min-height so you can use height: 100px; that it is exactly the same as: min-height: 100px;

#container article {
    flex: 1 1 auto;
    overflow-y: auto;
    height: 100px; /* == min-height: 100px*/
}

So the best solution if you want a min-height in the vertical scroll:

#container article {
    flex: 1 1 auto;
    overflow-y: auto;
    min-height: 100px;
}

If you just want full vertical scroll in case there is no enough space to see the article:

#container article {
    flex: 1 1 auto;
    overflow-y: auto;
    min-height: 0px;
}

The final code: http://jsfiddle.net/ch7n6/867/

How do I sort a two-dimensional (rectangular) array in C#?

This code should do what you are after, I haven't generalised it for n by n, but that is straight forward. That said - I agree with MusiGenesis, using another object that is a little better suited to this (especially if you intend to do any sort of binding)

(I found the code here)

string[][] array = new string[3][];

array[0] = new string[3] { "apple", "apple", "apple" };
array[1] = new string[3] { "banana", "banana", "dog" };
array[2] = new string[3] { "cat", "hippo", "cat" };         

for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
{
   Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0} {1} {2}", array[i][0], array[i][1], array[i][2]));
}

int j = 2;

Array.Sort(array, delegate(object[] x, object[] y)
  {
    return (x[j] as IComparable).CompareTo(y[ j ]);
  }
);

for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
{
  Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0} {1} {2}", array[i][0], array[i][1], array[i][2]));
}

fork: retry: Resource temporarily unavailable

Another possibility is too many threads. We just ran into this error message when running a test harness against an app that uses a thread pool. We used

watch -n 5 -d "ps -eL <java_pid> | wc -l"

to watch the ongoing count of Linux native threads running within the given Java process ID. After this hit about 1,000 (for us--YMMV), we started getting the error message you mention.

Serializing/deserializing with memory stream

Use Method to Serialize and Deserialize Collection object from memory. This works on Collection Data Types. This Method will Serialize collection of any type to a byte stream. Create a Seperate Class SerilizeDeserialize and add following two methods:

public class SerilizeDeserialize
{

    // Serialize collection of any type to a byte stream

    public static byte[] Serialize<T>(T obj)
    {
        using (MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream())
        {
            BinaryFormatter binSerializer = new BinaryFormatter();
            binSerializer.Serialize(memStream, obj);
            return memStream.ToArray();
        }
    }

    // DSerialize collection of any type to a byte stream

    public static T Deserialize<T>(byte[] serializedObj)
    {
        T obj = default(T);
        using (MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream(serializedObj))
        {
            BinaryFormatter binSerializer = new BinaryFormatter();
            obj = (T)binSerializer.Deserialize(memStream);
        }
        return obj;
    }

}

How To use these method in your Class:

ArrayList arrayListMem = new ArrayList() { "One", "Two", "Three", "Four", "Five", "Six", "Seven" };
Console.WriteLine("Serializing to Memory : arrayListMem");
byte[] stream = SerilizeDeserialize.Serialize(arrayListMem);

ArrayList arrayListMemDes = new ArrayList();

arrayListMemDes = SerilizeDeserialize.Deserialize<ArrayList>(stream);

Console.WriteLine("DSerializing From Memory : arrayListMemDes");
foreach (var item in arrayListMemDes)
{
    Console.WriteLine(item);
}

CSS scale down image to fit in containing div, without specifing original size

You can use a background image to accomplish this;

From MDN - Background Size: Contain:

This keyword specifies that the background image should be scaled to be as large as possible while ensuring both its dimensions are less than or equal to the corresponding dimensions of the background positioning area.

Demo

CSS:

#im {
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    right: 0;
    bottom: 0;
    background-image: url("path/to/img");
    background-repeat: no-repeat;
    background-size: contain;
}

HTML:

<div id="wrapper">
    <div id="im">
    </div>
</div>

Convert unix time stamp to date in java

You need to convert it to milliseconds by multiplying the timestamp by 1000:

java.util.Date dateTime=new java.util.Date((long)timeStamp*1000);

What's the difference between @Component, @Repository & @Service annotations in Spring?

In Spring @Component, @Service, @Controller, and @Repository are Stereotype annotations which are used for:

@Controller: where your request mapping from presentation page done i.e. Presentation layer won't go to any other file it goes directly to @Controller class and checks for requested path in @RequestMapping annotation which written before method calls if necessary.

@Service: All business logic is here i.e. Data related calculations and all.This annotation of business layer in which our user not directly call persistence method so it will call this method using this annotation. It will request @Repository as per user request

@Repository: This is Persistence layer(Data Access Layer) of application which used to get data from the database. i.e. all the Database related operations are done by the repository.

@Component - Annotate your other components (for example REST resource classes) with a component stereotype.

Indicates that an annotated class is a "component". Such classes are considered as candidates for auto-detection when using annotation-based configuration and classpath scanning.

Other class-level annotations may be considered as identifying a component as well, typically a special kind of component: e.g. the @Repository annotation or AspectJ's @Aspect annotation.

enter image description here

Django: Calling .update() on a single model instance retrieved by .get()?

Here's a mixin that you can mix into any model class which gives each instance an update method:

class UpdateMixin(object):
    def update(self, **kwargs):
        if self._state.adding:
            raise self.DoesNotExist
        for field, value in kwargs.items():
            setattr(self, field, value)
        self.save(update_fields=kwargs.keys())

The self._state.adding check checks to see if the model is saved to the database, and if not, raises an error.

(Note: This update method is for when you want to update a model and you know the instance is already saved to the database, directly answering the original question. The built-in update_or_create method featured in Platinum Azure's answer already covers the other use-case.)

You would use it like this (after mixing this into your user model):

user = request.user
user.update(favorite_food="ramen")

Besides having a nicer API, another advantage to this approach is that it calls the pre_save and post_save hooks, while still avoiding atomicity issues if another process is updating the same model.

How to invoke function from external .c file in C?

There are many great contributions here, but let me add mine non the less.

First thing i noticed is, you did not make any promises in the main file that you were going to create a function known as add(). This count have been done like this in the main file:

    int add(int a, int b); 

before your main function, that way your main function would recognize the add function and try to look for its executable code. So essentially your files should be

Main.c

    int add(int a, int b);

    int main(void) {
        int result = add(5,6);
        printf("%d\n", result);
    }  

and // add.c

    int add(int a, int b) {
        return a + b;
    }

A warning - comparison between signed and unsigned integer expressions

At the extreme ranges, an unsigned int can become larger than an int.
Therefore, the compiler generates a warning. If you are sure that this is not a problem, feel free to cast the types to the same type so the warning disappears (use C++ cast so that they are easy to spot).

Alternatively, make the variables the same type to stop the compiler from complaining.
I mean, is it possible to have a negative padding? If so then keep it as an int. Otherwise you should probably use unsigned int and let the stream catch the situations where the user types in a negative number.

Displaying better error message than "No JSON object could be decoded"

You could use cjson, that claims to be up to 250 times faster than pure-python implementations, given that you have "some long complicated JSON file" and you will probably need to run it several times (decoders fail and report the first error they encounter only).

What is the optimal way to compare dates in Microsoft SQL server?

Here is an example:

I've an Order table with a DateTime field called OrderDate. I want to retrieve all orders where the order date is equals to 01/01/2006. there are next ways to do it:

1) WHERE DateDiff(dd, OrderDate, '01/01/2006') = 0
2) WHERE Convert(varchar(20), OrderDate, 101) = '01/01/2006'
3) WHERE Year(OrderDate) = 2006 AND Month(OrderDate) = 1 and Day(OrderDate)=1
4) WHERE OrderDate LIKE '01/01/2006%'
5) WHERE OrderDate >= '01/01/2006'  AND OrderDate < '01/02/2006'

Is found here

Timeout on a function call

I have a different proposal which is a pure function (with the same API as the threading suggestion) and seems to work fine (based on suggestions on this thread)

def timeout(func, args=(), kwargs={}, timeout_duration=1, default=None):
    import signal

    class TimeoutError(Exception):
        pass

    def handler(signum, frame):
        raise TimeoutError()

    # set the timeout handler
    signal.signal(signal.SIGALRM, handler) 
    signal.alarm(timeout_duration)
    try:
        result = func(*args, **kwargs)
    except TimeoutError as exc:
        result = default
    finally:
        signal.alarm(0)

    return result

What causes signal 'SIGILL'?

Make sure that all functions with non-void return type have a return statement.

While some compilers automatically provide a default return value, others will send a SIGILL or SIGTRAP at runtime when trying to leave a function without a return value.

Count unique values with pandas per groups

IIUC you want the number of different ID for every domain, then you can try this:

output = df.drop_duplicates()
output.groupby('domain').size()

output:

    domain
facebook.com    1
google.com      1
twitter.com     2
vk.com          3
dtype: int64

You could also use value_counts, which is slightly less efficient.But the best is Jezrael's answer using nunique:

%timeit df.drop_duplicates().groupby('domain').size()
1000 loops, best of 3: 939 µs per loop
%timeit df.drop_duplicates().domain.value_counts()
1000 loops, best of 3: 1.1 ms per loop
%timeit df.groupby('domain')['ID'].nunique()
1000 loops, best of 3: 440 µs per loop

Is there a way to get a collection of all the Models in your Rails app?

This seems to work for me:

  Dir.glob(RAILS_ROOT + '/app/models/*.rb').each { |file| require file }
  @models = Object.subclasses_of(ActiveRecord::Base)

Rails only loads models when they are used, so the Dir.glob line "requires" all the files in the models directory.

Once you have the models in an array, you can do what you were thinking (e.g. in view code):

<% @models.each do |v| %>
  <li><%= h v.to_s %></li>
<% end %>

How to stop C++ console application from exiting immediately?

Before the end of your code, insert this line:

system("pause");

This will keep the console until you hit a key.

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
    string s;
    cout << "Please enter your first name followed by a newline\n";
    cin >> s;
    cout << "Hello, " << s << '\n';
    system("pause"); // <----------------------------------
    return 0; // This return statement isn't necessary
}

Get the records of last month in SQL server

I'm from Oracle env and I would do it like this in Oracle:

select * from table
where trunc(somedatefield, 'MONTH') =
trunc(sysdate -INTERVAL '0-1' YEAR TO MONTH, 'MONTH')

Idea: I'm running a scheduled report of previous month (from day 1 to the last day of the month, not windowed). This could be index unfriendly, but Oracle has fast date handling anyways. Is there a similar simple and short way in MS SQL? The answer comparing year and month separately seems silly to Oracle folks.

Reactjs - setting inline styles correctly

It's not immediately obvious from the documentation why the following does not work:

<span style={font-size: 1.7} class="glyphicon glyphicon-remove-sign"></span>

But when doing it entirely inline:

  • You need double curly brackets
  • You don't need to put your values in quotes
  • React will add some default if you omit "em"
  • Remember to camelCase style names that have dashes in CSS - e.g. font-size becomes fontSize:
  • class is className

The correct way looks like this:

<span style={{fontSize: 1.7 + "em"}} className="glyphicon glyphicon-remove-sign"></span>

Can you overload controller methods in ASP.NET MVC?

As far as I know you can only have the same method when using different http methods.

i.e.

[AcceptVerbs("GET")]
public ActionResult MyAction()
{

}

[AcceptVerbs("POST")]
public ActionResult MyAction(FormResult fm)
{

}

Magento addFieldToFilter: Two fields, match as OR, not AND

I've got another way to add an or condition in the field:

->addFieldToFilter(
    array('title', 'content'),
    array(
        array('like'=>'%$titlesearchtext%'), 
        array('like'=>'%$contentsearchtext%')
    )
)

Get Filename Without Extension in Python

In most cases, you shouldn't use a regex for that.

os.path.splitext(filename)[0]

This will also handle a filename like .bashrc correctly by keeping the whole name.

Comparing a variable with a string python not working when redirecting from bash script

When you read() the file, you may get a newline character '\n' in your string. Try either

if UserInput.strip() == 'List contents': 

or

if 'List contents' in UserInput: 

Also note that your second file open could also use with:

with open('/Users/.../USER_INPUT.txt', 'w+') as UserInputFile:     if UserInput.strip() == 'List contents': # or if s in f:         UserInputFile.write("ls")     else:         print "Didn't work" 

How to declare and add items to an array in Python?

I believe you are all wrong. you need to do:

array = array[] in order to define it, and then:

array.append ["hello"] to add to it.

Combining "LIKE" and "IN" for SQL Server

You need multiple LIKE clauses connected by OR.

SELECT * FROM table WHERE 
column LIKE 'Text%' OR 
column LIKE 'Link%' OR 
column LIKE 'Hello%' OR 
column LIKE '%World%' OR 

"Operation must use an updateable query" error in MS Access

There is no error in the code, but the error is thrown due to the following:

 - Please check whether you have given Read-write permission to MS-Access database file.
 - The Database file where it is stored (say in Folder1) is read-only..? 

suppose you are stored the database (MS-Access file) in read only folder, while running your application the connection is not force-fully opened. Hence change the file permission / its containing folder permission like in C:\Program files all most all c drive files been set read-only so changing this permission solves this Problem.

Vue.js: Conditional class style binding

if you want to apply separate css classes for same element with conditions in Vue.js you can use the below given method.it worked in my scenario.

html

 <div class="Main" v-bind:class="{ Sub: page}"  >

in here, Main and Sub are two different class names for same div element. v-bind:class directive is used to bind the sub class in here. page is the property we use to update the classes when it's value changed.

js

data:{
page : true;
}

here we can apply a condition if we needed. so, if the page property becomes true element will go with Main and Sub claases css styles. but if false only Main class css styles will be applied.

Can I simultaneously declare and assign a variable in VBA?

in fact, you can, but not that way.

Sub MySub( Optional Byval Counter as Long=1 , Optional Byval Events as Boolean= True)

'code...

End Sub

And you can set the variables differently when calling the sub, or let them at their default values.

Android Studio not showing modules in project structure

First You Have To Add Name Of Your Module In setting.gradle(Project Setting) File Like This..

include ':app', ':simple-crop-image-lib'

Then You Need To Compile This Module Into build.gradle(Module app) File Like This..

implementation project(':simple-crop-image-lib')

That's all for adding module now it will be appear in android  section or project section as well.

If It's till did't appear rebuild or clean your project..

how to delete files from amazon s3 bucket?

Use the S3FileSystem.rm function in s3fs.

You can delete a single file or several at once:

import s3fs
file_system = s3fs.S3FileSystem()

file_system.rm('s3://my-bucket/foo.txt')  # single file

files = ['s3://my-bucket/bar.txt', 's3://my-bucket/baz.txt']
file_system.rm(files)  # several files

Is there a way to set background-image as a base64 encoded image?

I tried this (and worked for me):

var img = 'data:image/png;base64, ...'; //place ur base64 encoded img here
document.body.style.backgroundImage = 'url(\'' + img + '\')';

ES6 syntax:

let img = 'data:image/png;base64, ...'
document.body.style.backgroundImage = `url('${img}')`

A bit better:

let setBackground = src => {
    this.style.backgroundImage = `url('${src}')`
};

let node = nodeIGotFromDOM, img = imageBase64EncodedFromMyGF;
setBackground.call(node, img);

Can you style html form buttons with css?

You might want to add:

-webkit-appearance: none; 

if you need it looking consistent on Mobile Safari...

How to Save Console.WriteLine Output to Text File

Based in the answer by WhoIsNinja:

This code will output both into the Console and into a Log string that can be saved into a file, either by appending lines to it or by overwriting it.

The default name for the log file is 'Log.txt' and is saved under the Application path.

public static class Logger
{
    public static StringBuilder LogString = new StringBuilder();
    public static void WriteLine(string str)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(str);
        LogString.Append(str).Append(Environment.NewLine);
    }
    public static void Write(string str)
    {
        Console.Write(str);
        LogString.Append(str);

    }
    public static void SaveLog(bool Append = false, string Path = "./Log.txt")
    {
        if (LogString != null && LogString.Length > 0)
        {
            if (Append)
            {
                using (StreamWriter file = System.IO.File.AppendText(Path))
                {
                    file.Write(LogString.ToString());
                    file.Close();
                    file.Dispose();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                using (System.IO.StreamWriter file = new System.IO.StreamWriter(Path))
                {
                    file.Write(LogString.ToString());
                    file.Close();
                    file.Dispose();
                }
            }               
        }
    }
}

Then you can use it like this:

Logger.WriteLine("==========================================================");
Logger.Write("Loading 'AttendPunch'".PadRight(35, '.'));
Logger.WriteLine("OK.");

Logger.SaveLog(true); //<- default 'false', 'true' Append the log to an existing file.

How to count check-boxes using jQuery?

You can do it by using name attibute, class, id or just universal checkbox; If you want to count only checked number of checkbox.

By the class name :

var countChk = $('checkbox.myclassboxName:checked').length;

By name attribute :

var countByName= $('checkbox[name=myAllcheckBoxName]:checked').length;

Complete code

$('checkbox.className').blur(function() {
    //count only checked checkbox 
    $('checkbox[name=myAllcheckBoxName]:checked').length;
});

Gcc error: gcc: error trying to exec 'cc1': execvp: No such file or directory

I fixed this problem by explicitly installing g++:

sudo apt-get install g++

Problem was encountered on Ubuntu 12.04 while installing pandas. (Thanks perilbrain.)

How to merge remote changes at GitHub?

You probably have changes on github that you never merged. Try git pull to fetch and merge the changes, then you should be able to push. Sorry if I misunderstood your question.

how to check if string value is in the Enum list?

I've got a handy extension method that uses TryParse, as IsDefined is case-sensitive.

public static bool IsParsable<T>(this string value) where T : struct
{
    return Enum.TryParse<T>(value, true, out _);
}

C# ASP.NET MVC Return to Previous Page

I am assuming (please correct me if I am wrong) that you want to re-display the edit page if the edit fails and to do this you are using a redirect.

You may have more luck by just returning the view again rather than trying to redirect the user, this way you will be able to use the ModelState to output any errors too.

Edit:

Updated based on feedback. You can place the previous URL in the viewModel, add it to a hidden field then use it again in the action that saves the edits.

For instance:

public ActionResult Index()
{
    return View();
}

[HttpGet] // This isn't required
public ActionResult Edit(int id)
{
   // load object and return in view
   ViewModel viewModel = Load(id);

   // get the previous url and store it with view model
   viewModel.PreviousUrl = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.UrlReferrer;

   return View(viewModel);
}

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(ViewModel viewModel)
{
   // Attempt to save the posted object if it works, return index if not return the Edit view again

   bool success = Save(viewModel);
   if (success)
   {
       return Redirect(viewModel.PreviousUrl);
   }
   else
   {
      ModelState.AddModelError("There was an error");
      return View(viewModel);
   }
}

The BeginForm method for your view doesn't need to use this return URL either, you should be able to get away with:

@model ViewModel

@using (Html.BeginForm())
{
    ...
    <input type="hidden" name="PreviousUrl" value="@Model.PreviousUrl" />
}

Going back to your form action posting to an incorrect URL, this is because you are passing a URL as the 'id' parameter, so the routing automatically formats your URL with the return path.

This won't work because your form will be posting to an controller action that won't know how to save the edits. You need to post to your save action first, then handle the redirect within it.

JQuery $.each() JSON array object iteration

Assign the second variable for the $.each function() as well, makes it lot easier as it'll provide you the data (so you won't have to work with the indicies).

$.each(json, function(arrayID,group) {
            console.log('<a href="'+group.GROUP_ID+'">');
    $.each(group.EVENTS, function(eventID,eventData) {
            console.log('<p>'+eventData.SHORT_DESC+'</p>');
     });
});

Should print out everything you were trying in your question.

http://jsfiddle.net/niklasvh/hZsQS/

edit renamed the variables to make it bit easier to understand what is what.

In Python, what is the difference between ".append()" and "+= []"?

The difference is that concatenate will flatten the resulting list, whereas append will keep the levels intact:

So for example with:

myList = [ ]
listA = [1,2,3]
listB = ["a","b","c"]

Using append, you end up with a list of lists:

>> myList.append(listA)
>> myList.append(listB)
>> myList
[[1,2,3],['a',b','c']]

Using concatenate instead, you end up with a flat list:

>> myList += listA + listB
>> myList
[1,2,3,"a","b","c"]

Linux Script to check if process is running and act on the result

The 'pidof' command will not display pids of shell/perl/python scripts. So to find the process id’s of my Perl script I had to use the -x option i.e. 'pidof -x perlscriptname'

Set selected option of select box

// Make option have a "selected" attribute using jQuery

var yourValue = "Gateway 2";

$("#gate").find('option').each(function( i, opt ) {
    if( opt.value === yourValue ) 
        $(opt).attr('selected', 'selected');
});

Debugging in Maven?

Why not use the JPDA and attach to the launched process from a separate debugger process ? You should be able to specify the appropriate options in Maven to launch your process with the debugging hooks enabled. This article has more information.

How to change the Text color of Menu item in Android?

@Override
public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.search, menu);


    MenuItem myActionMenuItem = menu.findItem( R.id.action_search);
    SearchView searchView = (SearchView) myActionMenuItem.getActionView();

    EditText searchEditText = (EditText) searchView.findViewById(android.support.v7.appcompat.R.id.search_src_text);
    searchEditText.setTextColor(Color.WHITE); //You color here

How can I set the value of a DropDownList using jQuery?

In case when you load all <options ....></options> by Ajax call
Follow these step to do this.

1). Create a separate method for set value of drop-down
For Ex:

function set_ip_base_country(countryCode)
    $('#country').val(countryCode)
} 

2). Call this method when ajax call success all html append task complete

For Ex:

success: function (doc) {
  .....
  .....
  $("#country").append('<option style="color:black;" value="' + key + '">'  +   value + '</option>')
  set_ip_base_country(ip_base_country)
}

Dynamically create Bootstrap alerts box through JavaScript

I created this VERY SIMPLE and basic plugin:

(function($){
    $.fn.extend({
        bs_alert: function(message, title){
            var cls='alert-danger';
            var html='<div class="alert '+cls+' alert-dismissable"><button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>';
            if(typeof title!=='undefined' &&  title!==''){
                html+='<h4>'+title+'</h4>';
            }
            html+='<span>'+message+'</span></div>';
            $(this).html(html);
        },
        bs_warning: function(message, title){
            var cls='alert-warning';
            var html='<div class="alert '+cls+' alert-dismissable"><button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>';
            if(typeof title!=='undefined' &&  title!==''){
                html+='<h4>'+title+'</h4>';
            }
            html+='<span>'+message+'</span></div>';
            $(this).html(html);
        },
        bs_info: function(message, title){
            var cls='alert-info';
            var html='<div class="alert '+cls+' alert-dismissable"><button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>';
            if(typeof title!=='undefined' &&  title!==''){
                html+='<h4>'+title+'</h4>';
            }
            html+='<span>'+message+'</span></div>';
            $(this).html(html);
        }
    });
})(jQuery);

Usage is

<div id="error_container"></div>
<script>
$('#error_container').bs_alert('YOUR ERROR MESSAGE HERE !!', 'title');
</script>

first plugin EVER and it can be easily made better

Asynchronous file upload (AJAX file upload) using jsp and javascript

The latest dwr (http://directwebremoting.org/dwr/index.html) has ajax file uploads, complete with examples and nice stuff for users (like progress indicators and such).

It looks pretty nifty and dwr is fairly easy to use in general so this will be pretty good as well.

How to center horizontally div inside parent div

Just out of interest, if you want to center two or more divs (so they're side by side in the center), then here's how to do it:

<div style="text-align:center;">
    <div style="border:1px solid #000; display:inline-block;">Div 1</div>
    <div style="border:1px solid red; display:inline-block;">Div 2</div>
</div>   

How do I set the request timeout for one controller action in an asp.net mvc application

You can set this programmatically in the controller:-

HttpContext.Current.Server.ScriptTimeout = 300;

Sets the timeout to 5 minutes instead of the default 110 seconds (what an odd default?)

Effect of using sys.path.insert(0, path) and sys.path(append) when loading modules

Because python checks in the directories in sequential order starting at the first directory in sys.path list, till it find the .py file it was looking for.

Ideally, the current directory or the directory of the script is the first always the first element in the list, unless you modify it, like you did. From documentation -

As initialized upon program startup, the first item of this list, path[0], is the directory containing the script that was used to invoke the Python interpreter. If the script directory is not available (e.g. if the interpreter is invoked interactively or if the script is read from standard input), path[0] is the empty string, which directs Python to search modules in the current directory first. Notice that the script directory is inserted before the entries inserted as a result of PYTHONPATH.

So, most probably, you had a .py file with the same name as the module you were trying to import from, in the current directory (where the script was being run from).

Also, a thing to note about ImportErrors , lets say the import error says - ImportError: No module named main - it doesn't mean the main.py is overwritten, no if that was overwritten we would not be having issues trying to read it. Its some module above this that got overwritten with a .py or some other file.

Example -

My directory structure looks like -

 - test
    - shared
         - __init__.py
         - phtest.py
  - testmain.py

Now From testmain.py , I call from shared import phtest , it works fine.

Now lets say I introduce a shared.py in test directory` , example -

 - test
    - shared
         - __init__.py
         - phtest.py
  - testmain.py 
  - shared.py

Now when I try to do from shared import phtest from testmain.py , I will get the error -

ImportError: cannot import name 'phtest'

As you can see above, the file that is causing the issue is shared.py , not phtest.py .

Adding Jar files to IntellijIdea classpath

On the Mac version I was getting the error when trying to run JSON-Clojure.json.clj, which is the script to export a database table to JSON. To get it to work I had to download the latest Clojure JAR from http://clojure.org/ and then right-click on PHPStorm app in the Finder and "Show Package Contents". Then go to Contents in there. Then open the lib folder, and see a bunch of .jar files. Copy the clojure-1.8.0.jar file from the unzipped archive I downloaded from clojure.org into the aforementioned lib folder inside the PHPStorm.app/Contents/lib. Restart the app. Now it freaking works.

EDIT: You also have to put the JSR-223 script engine into PHPStorm.app/Contents/lib. It can be built from https://github.com/ato/clojure-jsr223 or downloaded from https://www.dropbox.com/s/jg7s0c41t5ceu7o/clojure-jsr223-1.5.1.jar?dl=0 .

URL to load resources from the classpath in Java

URL url = getClass().getClassLoader().getResource("someresource.xxx");

That should do it.

How can I style the border and title bar of a window in WPF?

You need to set

WindowStyle="None", AllowsTransparency="True" and optionally ResizeMode="NoResize"
and then set the Style property of the window to your custom window style, where you design the appearance of the window (title bar, buttons, border) to anything you want and display the window contents in a ContentPresenter.

This seems to be a good article on how you can achieve this, but there are many other articles on the internet.

How to stop mongo DB in one command

Windows

In PowerShell, it's: Stop-Service MongoDB

Then to start it again: Start-Service MongoDB

To verify whether it's started, run: net start | findstr MongoDB.

Note: Above assumes MongoDB is registered as a service.

Cross-browser bookmark/add to favorites JavaScript

jQuery Version

JavaScript (modified from a script I found on someone's site - I just can't find the site again, so I can't give the person credit):

$(document).ready(function() {
  $("#bookmarkme").click(function() {
    if (window.sidebar) { // Mozilla Firefox Bookmark
      window.sidebar.addPanel(location.href,document.title,"");
    } else if(window.external) { // IE Favorite
      window.external.AddFavorite(location.href,document.title); }
    else if(window.opera && window.print) { // Opera Hotlist
      this.title=document.title;
      return true;
    }
  });
});

HTML:

<a id="bookmarkme" href="#" rel="sidebar" title="bookmark this page">Bookmark This Page</a>

IE will show an error if you don't run it off a server (it doesn't allow JavaScript bookmarks via JavaScript when viewing it as a file://...).

How to Execute stored procedure from SQL Plus?

You have two options, a PL/SQL block or SQL*Plus bind variables:

var z number

execute  my_stored_proc (-1,2,0.01,:z)

print z

Disable single warning error

Use #pragma warning ( push ), then #pragma warning ( disable ), then put your code, then use #pragma warning ( pop ) as described here:

#pragma warning( push )
#pragma warning( disable : WarningCode)
// code with warning
#pragma warning( pop ) 

What's the advantage of a Java enum versus a class with public static final fields?

An enum is implictly final, with a private constructors, all its values are of the same type or a sub-type, you can obtain all its values using values(), gets its name() or ordinal() value or you can look up an enum by number or name.

You can also define subclasses (even though notionally final, something you can't do any other way)

enum Runner implements Runnable {
    HI {
       public void run() {
           System.out.println("Hello");
       }
    }, BYE {
       public void run() {
           System.out.println("Sayonara");
       }
       public String toString() {
           return "good-bye";
       }
    }
 }

 class MYRunner extends Runner // won't compile.

Java Compare Two List's object values?

Logic should be something like:

  1. First step: For class MyData implements Comparable interface, override the compareTo method as per the per object requirement.

  2. Second step: When it comes to list comparison (after checking for nulls), 2.1 Check the size of both lists, if equal returns true else return false, continue to object iteration 2.2 If step 2.1 returns true, iterate over elements from both lists and invoke something like,

    listA.get(i).compareTo(listB.get(i))

This will be as per the code mentioned in step-1.

ruby LoadError: cannot load such file

I created my own Gem, but I did it in a directory that is not in my load path:

$ pwd
/Users/myuser/projects
$ gem build my_gem/my_gem.gemspec

Then I ran irb and tried to load the Gem:

> require 'my_gem'
LoadError: cannot load such file -- my_gem

I used the global variable $: to inspect my load path and I realized I am using RVM. And rvm has specific directories in my load path $:. None of those directories included my ~/projects directory where I created the custom gem.

So one solution is to modify the load path itself:

$: << "/Users/myuser/projects/my_gem/lib"

Note that the lib directory is in the path, which holds the my_gem.rb file which will be required in irb:

> require 'my_gem'
 => true 

Now if you want to install the gem in RVM path, then you would need to run:

$ gem install my_gem

But it will need to be in a repository like rubygems.org.

$ gem push my_gem-0.0.0.gem
Pushing gem to RubyGems.org...
Successfully registered gem my_gem

Can I use complex HTML with Twitter Bootstrap's Tooltip?

The html data attribute does exactly what it says it does in the docs. Try this little example, no JavaScript necessary (broken into lines for clarification):

<span rel="tooltip" 
     data-toggle="tooltip" 
     data-html="true" 
     data-title="<table><tr><td style='color:red;'>complex</td><td>HTML</td></tr></table>"
>
hover over me to see HTML
</span>


JSFiddle demos:

Sending data back to the Main Activity in Android

All these answers are explaining the scenario of your second activity needs to be finish after sending the data.

But in case if you don't want to finish the second activity and want to send the data back in to first then for that you can use BroadCastReceiver.

In Second Activity -

Intent intent = new Intent("data");
intent.putExtra("some_data", true);
LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this).sendBroadcast(intent);

In First Activity-

private BroadcastReceiver tempReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        // do some action
    }
};

Register the receiver in onCreate()-

 LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this).registerReceiver(tempReceiver,new IntentFilter("data"));

Unregister it in onDestroy()

PDO get the last ID inserted

lastInsertId() only work after the INSERT query.

Correct:

$stmt = $this->conn->prepare("INSERT INTO users(userName,userEmail,userPass) 
                              VALUES(?,?,?);");
$sonuc = $stmt->execute([$username,$email,$pass]);
$LAST_ID = $this->conn->lastInsertId();

Incorrect:

$stmt = $this->conn->prepare("SELECT * FROM users");
$sonuc = $stmt->execute();
$LAST_ID = $this->conn->lastInsertId(); //always return string(1)=0

jQuery click not working for dynamically created items

I faced this problem a few days ago - the solution for me was to use .bind() to bind the required function to the dynamically created link.

var catLink = $('<a href="#" id="' + i + '" class="lnkCat">' + category.category + '</a>');
catLink.bind("click", function(){
 $.categories.getSubCategories(this);
});

getSubCategories : function(obj) {
 //do something
}

I hope this helps.

Why Is Subtracting These Two Times (in 1927) Giving A Strange Result?

The moral of this strangeness is:

  • Use dates and times in UTC wherever possible.
  • If you can not display a date or time in UTC, always indicate the time-zone.
  • If you can not require an input date/time in UTC, require an explicitly indicated time-zone.

Unable to locate Spring NamespaceHandler for XML schema namespace [http://www.springframework.org/schema/security]

I had the same problem. The only thing that solved it was merge the content of META-INF/spring.handler and META-INF/spring.schemas of each spring jar file into same file names under my META-INF project.

This two threads explain it better:

how to loop through rows columns in excel VBA Macro

I'd recommend the Range object's AutoFill method for this:

rngSource.AutoFill Destination:=rngDest

Specify the Source range that contains the values or formulas you want to fill down, and the Destination range as the whole range that you want the cells filled to. The Destination range must include the Source range. You can fill across as well as down.

It works exactly the same way as it would if you manually "dragged" the cells at the corner with the mouse; absolute and relative formulas work as expected.

Here's an example:

'Set some example values'
Range("A1").Value = "1"
Range("B1").Formula = "=NOW()"
Range("C1").Formula = "=B1+A1"

'AutoFill the values / formulas to row 20'
Range("A1:C1").AutoFill Destination:=Range("A1:C20")

Hope this helps.

How to adjust gutter in Bootstrap 3 grid system?

(Posted on behalf of the OP).

I believe I figured it out.

In my case, I added [class*="col-"] {padding: 0 7.5px;};.

Then added .row {margin: 0 -7.5px;}.

This works pretty well, except there is 1px margin on both sides. So I just make .row {margin: 0 -7.5px;} to .row {margin: 0 -8.5px;}, then it works perfectly.

I have no idea why there is a 1px margin. Maybe someone can explain it?

See the sample I created:

Demo
Code

I want my android application to be only run in portrait mode?

There are two ways,

  1. Add android:screenOrientation="portrait" for each Activity in Manifest File
  2. Add this.setRequestedOrientation(ActivityInfo.SCREEN_ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE); in each java file.

How do I find the install time and date of Windows?

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\InstallDate and systeminfo.exe produces the wrong date.

The definition of UNIX timestamp is timezone independent. The UNIX timestamp is defined as the number of seconds that have elapsed since 00:00:00 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), Thursday, 1 January 1970 and not counting leap seconds.

In other words, if you have installed you computer in Seattle, WA and moved to New York,NY the HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\InstallDate will not reflect this. It's the wrong date, it doesn't store timezone where the computer was initially installed.

The effect of this is, if you change the timezone while running this program, the date will be wrong. You have to re-run the executable, in order for it to account for the timezone change.

But you can get the timezone info from the WMI Win32_Registry class.

InstallDate is in the UTC format (yyyymmddHHMMSS.xxxxxx±UUU) as per Microsoft TechNet article "Working with Dates and Times using WMI" where notably xxxxxx is milliseconds and ±UUU is number of minutes different from Greenwich Mean Time.

 private static string RegistryInstallDate()
    {

        DateTime InstallDate = new DateTime(1970, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0);  //NOT a unix timestamp 99% of online solutions incorrect identify this as!!!! 
        ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("SELECT * FROM Win32_Registry");

        foreach (ManagementObject wmi_Windows in searcher.Get())
        {
            try
            {
                ///CultureInfo ci = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
                string installdate = wmi_Windows["InstallDate"].ToString(); 

                //InstallDate is in the UTC format (yyyymmddHHMMSS.xxxxxx±UUU) where critically
                // 
                // xxxxxx is milliseconds and       
                // ±UUU   is number of minutes different from Greenwich Mean Time. 

                if (installdate.Length==25)
                {
                    string yyyymmddHHMMSS = installdate.Split('.')[0];
                    string xxxxxxsUUU = installdate.Split('.')[1];      //±=s for sign

                    int year  = int.Parse(yyyymmddHHMMSS.Substring(0, 4));
                    int month = int.Parse(yyyymmddHHMMSS.Substring(4, 2));
                    int date  = int.Parse(yyyymmddHHMMSS.Substring(4 + 2, 2));
                    int hour  = int.Parse(yyyymmddHHMMSS.Substring(4 + 2 + 2, 2));
                    int mins  = int.Parse(yyyymmddHHMMSS.Substring(4 + 2 + 2 + 2,  2));
                    int secs  = int.Parse(yyyymmddHHMMSS.Substring(4 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2, 2));
                    int msecs = int.Parse(xxxxxxsUUU.Substring(0, 6));

                    double UTCoffsetinMins = double.Parse(xxxxxxsUUU.Substring(6, 4));
                    TimeSpan UTCoffset = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(UTCoffsetinMins);

                    InstallDate = new DateTime(year, month, date, hour, mins, secs, msecs) + UTCoffset; 

                }
                break;
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                InstallDate = DateTime.Now; 
            }
        }
        return String.Format("{0:ddd d-MMM-yyyy h:mm:ss tt}", InstallDate);      
    }

Which keycode for escape key with jQuery

Your best bet is

$(document).keyup(function(e) { 
    if (e.which === 13) $('.save').click();   // enter 
    if (e.which === 27) $('.cancel').click(); // esc   

    /* OPTIONAL: Only if you want other elements to ignore event */
    e.preventDefault();
    e.stopPropagation();
});

Summary

  • which is more preferable than keyCode because it is normalized
  • keyup is more preferable than keydown because keydown may occur multiple times if user keeps it pressed.
  • Do not use keypress unless you want to capture actual characters.

Interestingly Bootstrap uses keydown and keyCode in its dropdown component (as of 3.0.2)! I think it's probably poor choice there.

Related snippet from JQuery doc

While browsers use differing properties to store this information, jQuery normalizes the .which property so you can reliably use it to retrieve the key code. This code corresponds to a key on the keyboard, including codes for special keys such as arrows. For catching actual text entry, .keypress() may be a better choice.

Other item of interest: JavaScript Keypress Library

Func vs. Action vs. Predicate

The difference between Func and Action is simply whether you want the delegate to return a value (use Func) or not (use Action).

Func is probably most commonly used in LINQ - for example in projections:

 list.Select(x => x.SomeProperty)

or filtering:

 list.Where(x => x.SomeValue == someOtherValue)

or key selection:

 list.Join(otherList, x => x.FirstKey, y => y.SecondKey, ...)

Action is more commonly used for things like List<T>.ForEach: execute the given action for each item in the list. I use this less often than Func, although I do sometimes use the parameterless version for things like Control.BeginInvoke and Dispatcher.BeginInvoke.

Predicate is just a special cased Func<T, bool> really, introduced before all of the Func and most of the Action delegates came along. I suspect that if we'd already had Func and Action in their various guises, Predicate wouldn't have been introduced... although it does impart a certain meaning to the use of the delegate, whereas Func and Action are used for widely disparate purposes.

Predicate is mostly used in List<T> for methods like FindAll and RemoveAll.

Gradients on UIView and UILabels On iPhone

You could also use a graphic image one pixel wide as the gradient, and set the view property to expand the graphic to fill the view (assuming you are thinking of a simple linear gradient and not some kind of radial graphic).

Qt: How do I handle the event of the user pressing the 'X' (close) button?

Well, I got it. One way is to override the QWidget::closeEvent(QCloseEvent *event) method in your class definition and add your code into that function. Example:

class foo : public QMainWindow
{
    Q_OBJECT
private:
    void closeEvent(QCloseEvent *bar);
    // ...
};


void foo::closeEvent(QCloseEvent *bar)
{
    // Do something
    bar->accept();
}

C# code to validate email address

.net 4.5 added System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.EmailAddressAttribute

You can browse the EmailAddressAttribute's source, this is the Regex it uses internally:

const string pattern = @"^((([a-z]|\d|[!#\$%&'\*\+\-\/=\?\^_`{\|}~]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])+(\.([a-z]|\d|[!#\$%&'\*\+\-\/=\?\^_`{\|}~]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])+)*)|((\x22)((((\x20|\x09)*(\x0d\x0a))?(\x20|\x09)+)?(([\x01-\x08\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x1f\x7f]|\x21|[\x23-\x5b]|[\x5d-\x7e]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(\\([\x01-\x09\x0b\x0c\x0d-\x7f]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF]))))*(((\x20|\x09)*(\x0d\x0a))?(\x20|\x09)+)?(\x22)))@((([a-z]|\d|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(([a-z]|\d|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])([a-z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])*([a-z]|\d|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])))\.)+(([a-z]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(([a-z]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])([a-z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])*([a-z]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])))\.?$";

python - if not in list

if I got it right, you can try

for item in [x for x in checklist if x not in mylist]:
    print (item)

Docker is installed but Docker Compose is not ? why?

If you installed docker by adding their official repository to your repository list, like:

$ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
$ sudo add-apt-repository \
   "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
   $(lsb_release -cs) \
   stable"

Just do:

$ sudo apt-get install docker-compose

In case on RHEL based distro / Fedora:

$ sudo dnf install docker-compose

HTML5 event handling(onfocus and onfocusout) using angular 2

<input name="date" type="text" (focus)="focusFunction()" (focusout)="focusOutFunction()">

works for me from Pardeep Jain

Convert JSON array to Python list

import json

array = '{"fruits": ["apple", "banana", "orange"]}'
data  = json.loads(array)
print data['fruits']
# the print displays:
# [u'apple', u'banana', u'orange']

You had everything you needed. data will be a dict, and data['fruits'] will be a list

What is the difference between Visual Studio Express 2013 for Windows and Visual Studio Express 2013 for Windows Desktop?

A comparison between the different Visual Studio Express editions can be found at Visual Studio Express (archive.org link). The difference between Windows and Windows Desktop is that with the Windows edition you can build Windows Store Apps (using .NET, WPF/XAML) while the Windows Desktop edition allows you to write classic Windows Desktop applications. It is possible to install both products on the same machine.

Visual Studio Express 2010 allows you to build Windows Desktop applications. Writing Windows Store applications is not possible with this product.

For learning I would suggest Notepad and the command line. While an IDE provides significant productivity enhancements to professionals, it can be intimidating to a beginner. If you want to use an IDE nevertheless I would recommend Visual Studio Express 2013 for Windows Desktop.


Update 2015-07-27: In addition to the Express Editions, Microsoft now offers Community Editions. These are still free for individual developers, open source contributors, and small teams. There are no Web, Windows, and Windows Desktop releases anymore either; the Community Edition can be used to develop any app type. In addition, the Community Edition does support (3rd party) Add-ins. The Community Edition offers the same functionality as the commercial Professional Edition.

Android new Bottom Navigation bar or BottomNavigationView

You can also use Tab Layout with custom tab view to achieve this.

custom_tab.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="?attr/selectableItemBackground"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingBottom="10dp"
    android:paddingTop="8dp">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/icon"
        android:layout_width="24dp"
        android:layout_height="24dp"
        android:scaleType="centerInside"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_recents_selector" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/title"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:ellipsize="end"
        android:maxLines="1"
        android:textAllCaps="false"
        android:textColor="@color/tab_color"
        android:textSize="12sp"/>
</LinearLayout>

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager

        android:id="@+id/view_pager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <android.support.design.widget.TabLayout
        android:id="@+id/tab_layout"
        style="@style/AppTabLayout"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="56dp"
        android:background="?attr/colorPrimary" />

</LinearLayout>

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private TabLayout mTabLayout;

    private int[] mTabsIcons = {
            R.drawable.ic_recents_selector,
            R.drawable.ic_favorite_selector,
            R.drawable.ic_place_selector};


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        // Setup the viewPager
        ViewPager viewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.view_pager);
        MyPagerAdapter pagerAdapter = new MyPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
        viewPager.setAdapter(pagerAdapter);

        mTabLayout = (TabLayout) findViewById(R.id.tab_layout);
        mTabLayout.setupWithViewPager(viewPager);

        for (int i = 0; i < mTabLayout.getTabCount(); i++) {
            TabLayout.Tab tab = mTabLayout.getTabAt(i);
            tab.setCustomView(pagerAdapter.getTabView(i));
        }

        mTabLayout.getTabAt(0).getCustomView().setSelected(true);
    }


    private class MyPagerAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter {

        public final int PAGE_COUNT = 3;

        private final String[] mTabsTitle = {"Recents", "Favorites", "Nearby"};

        public MyPagerAdapter(FragmentManager fm) {
            super(fm);
        }

        public View getTabView(int position) {
            // Given you have a custom layout in `res/layout/custom_tab.xml` with a TextView and ImageView
            View view = LayoutInflater.from(MainActivity.this).inflate(R.layout.custom_tab, null);
            TextView title = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.title);
            title.setText(mTabsTitle[position]);
            ImageView icon = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.icon);
            icon.setImageResource(mTabsIcons[position]);
            return view;
        }

        @Override
        public Fragment getItem(int pos) {
            switch (pos) {

                case 0:
                    return PageFragment.newInstance(1);

                case 1:
                    return PageFragment.newInstance(2);
                case 2:
                    return PageFragment.newInstance(3);

            }
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public int getCount() {
            return PAGE_COUNT;
        }

        @Override
        public CharSequence getPageTitle(int position) {
            return mTabsTitle[position];
        }
    }

}

Download Complete Sample Project

Excel VBA: function to turn activecell to bold

A UDF will only return a value it won't allow you to change the properties of a cell/sheet/workbook. Move your code to a Worksheet_Change event or similar to change properties.

Eg

Private Sub worksheet_change(ByVal target As Range)
  target.Font.Bold = True
End Sub

Play audio as microphone input

Just as there are printer drivers that do not connect to a printer at all but rather write to a PDF file, analogously there are virtual audio drivers available that do not connect to a physical microphone at all but can pipe input from other sources such as files or other programs.

I hope I'm not breaking any rules by recommending free/donation software, but VB-Audio Virtual Cable should let you create a pair of virtual input and output audio devices. Then you could play an MP3 into the virtual output device and then set the virtual input device as your "microphone". In theory I think that should work.

If all else fails, you could always roll your own virtual audio driver. Microsoft provides some sample code but unfortunately it is not applicable to the older Windows XP audio model. There is probably sample code available for XP too.

Magento: Set LIMIT on collection

Order Collection Limit :

$orderCollection = Mage::getResourceModel('sales/order_collection'); 
$orderCollection->getSelect()->limit(10);

foreach ($orderCollection->getItems() as $order) :
   $orderModel = Mage::getModel('sales/order');
   $order =   $orderModel->load($order['entity_id']);
   echo $order->getId().'<br>'; 
endforeach; 

Eclipse can't find / load main class

I solved my issue by doing this:

  • cut the entire main (CTRL X) out of the class (just for a few seconds),
  • save the class file (CTRL S)
  • paste the main back exactly at the same place (CTRL V)

Strangely it started working again after that.

Is there a command for formatting HTML in the Atom editor?

Not Just HTML, Using atom-beautify - Package for Atom, you can format code for HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, C, C++, C#, Objective-C, CoffeeScript, TypeScript, Coldfusion, SQL, and more) in Atom within a matter of seconds.

To Install the atom-beautify package :

  • Open Atom Editor.
  • Press Ctrl+Shift+P (Cmd+Shift+P on mac), this will open the atom Command Palette.
  • Search and click on Install Packages & Themes. A Install Package window comes up.
  • Search for Beautify package, you will see a lot of beautify packages. Install any. I will recommend for atom-beautify.
  • Now Restart atom and TADA! now you are ready for quick formatting.

To Format text Using atom-beautify :

  • Go to the file you want to format.
  • Hit Ctrl+Alt+B (Ctrl+Option+B on mac).
  • Your file is formatted in seconds.

Update UI from Thread in Android

As recommended by official documentation, you can use AsyncTask to handle work items shorter than 5ms in duration. If your task take more time, lookout for other alternatives.

HandlerThread is one alternative to Thread or AsyncTask. If you need to update UI from HandlerThread, post a message on UI Thread Looper and UI Thread Handler can handle UI updates.

Example code:

Android: Toast in a thread

Why should I use var instead of a type?

In this case it is just coding style.

Use of var is only necessary when dealing with anonymous types.
In other situations it's a matter of taste.

Check whether variable is number or string in JavaScript

This solution resolves many of the issues raised here!

This is by far the most reliable method I have used by far. I did not invent this, and cannot recall where I originally found it. But it works where other techniques fail:

// Begin public utility /getVarType/
// Returns 'Function', 'Object', 'Array',
// 'String', 'Number', 'Boolean', or 'Undefined'
getVarType = function ( data ){
  if (undefined === data ){ return 'Undefined'; }
  if (data === null ){ return 'Null'; }
  return {}.toString.call(data).slice(8, -1);
};  
// End public utility /getVarType/

Example of correctness

var str = new String();
console.warn( getVarType(str) ); // Reports "String"    
console.warn( typeof str );      // Reports "object"

var num = new Number();
console.warn( getVarType(num) ); // Reports "Number"
console.warn( typeof num );      // Reports "object"

var list = [];
console.warn( getVarType( list ) ); // Reports "Array"
console.warn( typeof list );        // Reports "object"

Background color not showing in print preview

If you download Bootstrap without the "Print media styles" option, you will not have this problem and do not have to remove the "@media print" code manually in your bootstrap.css file.

Yahoo Finance All Currencies quote API Documentation


| ATTENTION !!! |

| SERVICE SUSPENDED BY YAHOO, solution no longer valid. |

Get from Yahoo a JSON or XML that you can parse from a REST query.

You can exchange from any to any currency and even get the date and time of the query using the YQL (Yahoo Query Language).

https://query.yahooapis.com/v1/public/yql?q=select%20*%20from%20csv%20where%20url%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Ffinance.yahoo.com%2Fd%2Fquotes.csv%3Fe%3D.csv%26f%3Dnl1d1t1%26s%3Dusdeur%3DX%22%3B&format=json&callback=

This will bring an example like below:

{
 "query": {
  "count": 1,
  "created": "2016-02-12T07:07:30Z",
  "lang": "en-US",
  "results": {
   "row": {
    "col0": "USD/EUR",
    "col1": "0.8835",
    "col2": "2/12/2016",
    "col3": "7:07am"
   }
  }
 }
}

You can try the console

I think this does not break any Term of Service as it is a 100% yahoo solution.

How can I implement the Iterable interface?

First off:

public class ProfileCollection implements Iterable<Profile> {

Second:

return m_Profiles.get(m_ActiveProfile);

Pandas read_csv from url

In the latest version of pandas (0.19.2) you can directly pass the url

import pandas as pd

url="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cs109/2014_data/master/countries.csv"
c=pd.read_csv(url)

Replace \n with actual new line in Sublime Text

What I did is simple and straightforward.

Enter Space or \n or whatever you want to find to Find.

Then hit Find All at right bottom corner, this will select all results.

Then hit enter on your keyboard and it will break all selected into new lines.

Algorithm to calculate the number of divisors of a given number

i guess this one will be handy as well as precise

script.pyton

>>>factors=[ x for x in range (1,n+1) if n%x==0] print len(factors)

How to stop a thread created by implementing runnable interface?

The simplest way is to interrupt() it, which will cause Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted() to return true, and may also throw an InterruptedException under certain circumstances where the Thread is waiting, for example Thread.sleep(), otherThread.join(), object.wait() etc.

Inside the run() method you would need catch that exception and/or regularly check the Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted() value and do something (for example, break out).

Note: Although Thread.interrupted() seems the same as isInterrupted(), it has a nasty side effect: Calling interrupted() clears the interrupted flag, whereas calling isInterrupted() does not.

Other non-interrupting methods involve the use of "stop" (volatile) flags that the running Thread monitors.

Padding or margin value in pixels as integer using jQuery

You can just grab them as with any CSS attribute:

alert($("#mybox").css("padding-right"));
alert($("#mybox").css("margin-bottom"));

You can set them with a second attribute in the css method:

$("#mybox").css("padding-right", "20px");

EDIT: If you need just the pixel value, use parseInt(val, 10):

parseInt($("#mybox").css("padding-right", "20px"), 10);

What is the max size of localStorage values?

Once I developed Chrome (desktop browser) extension and tested Local Storage real max size for this reason.

My results:

Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS (64-bit)
Chrome 71.0.3578.98 (Official Build) (64-bit)
Local Storage content size 10240 KB (10 MB)

More than 10240 KB usage returned me the error:

Uncaught DOMException: Failed to execute 'setItem' on 'Storage': Setting the value of 'notes' exceeded the quota.

Edit on Oct 23, 2020

For a Chrome extensions available chrome.storage API. If you declare the "storage" permission in manifest.js:

{
    "name": "My extension",
    ...
    "permissions": ["storage"],
    ...
}

You can access it like this:

chrome.storage.local.QUOTA_BYTES // 5242880 (in bytes)

how to detect search engine bots with php?

I use this function ... part of the regex comes from prestashop but I added some more bot to it.

    public function isBot()
{
    $bot_regex = '/BotLink|bingbot|AhrefsBot|ahoy|AlkalineBOT|anthill|appie|arale|araneo|AraybOt|ariadne|arks|ATN_Worldwide|Atomz|bbot|Bjaaland|Ukonline|borg\-bot\/0\.9|boxseabot|bspider|calif|christcrawler|CMC\/0\.01|combine|confuzzledbot|CoolBot|cosmos|Internet Cruiser Robot|cusco|cyberspyder|cydralspider|desertrealm, desert realm|digger|DIIbot|grabber|downloadexpress|DragonBot|dwcp|ecollector|ebiness|elfinbot|esculapio|esther|fastcrawler|FDSE|FELIX IDE|ESI|fido|H?m?h?kki|KIT\-Fireball|fouineur|Freecrawl|gammaSpider|gazz|gcreep|golem|googlebot|griffon|Gromit|gulliver|gulper|hambot|havIndex|hotwired|htdig|iajabot|INGRID\/0\.1|Informant|InfoSpiders|inspectorwww|irobot|Iron33|JBot|jcrawler|Teoma|Jeeves|jobo|image\.kapsi\.net|KDD\-Explorer|ko_yappo_robot|label\-grabber|larbin|legs|Linkidator|linkwalker|Lockon|logo_gif_crawler|marvin|mattie|mediafox|MerzScope|NEC\-MeshExplorer|MindCrawler|udmsearch|moget|Motor|msnbot|muncher|muninn|MuscatFerret|MwdSearch|sharp\-info\-agent|WebMechanic|NetScoop|newscan\-online|ObjectsSearch|Occam|Orbsearch\/1\.0|packrat|pageboy|ParaSite|patric|pegasus|perlcrawler|phpdig|piltdownman|Pimptrain|pjspider|PlumtreeWebAccessor|PortalBSpider|psbot|Getterrobo\-Plus|Raven|RHCS|RixBot|roadrunner|Robbie|robi|RoboCrawl|robofox|Scooter|Search\-AU|searchprocess|Senrigan|Shagseeker|sift|SimBot|Site Valet|skymob|SLCrawler\/2\.0|slurp|ESI|snooper|solbot|speedy|spider_monkey|SpiderBot\/1\.0|spiderline|nil|suke|http:\/\/www\.sygol\.com|tach_bw|TechBOT|templeton|titin|topiclink|UdmSearch|urlck|Valkyrie libwww\-perl|verticrawl|Victoria|void\-bot|Voyager|VWbot_K|crawlpaper|wapspider|WebBandit\/1\.0|webcatcher|T\-H\-U\-N\-D\-E\-R\-S\-T\-O\-N\-E|WebMoose|webquest|webreaper|webs|webspider|WebWalker|wget|winona|whowhere|wlm|WOLP|WWWC|none|XGET|Nederland\.zoek|AISearchBot|woriobot|NetSeer|Nutch|YandexBot|YandexMobileBot|SemrushBot|FatBot|MJ12bot|DotBot|AddThis|baiduspider|SeznamBot|mod_pagespeed|CCBot|openstat.ru\/Bot|m2e/i';
    $userAgent = empty($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']) ? FALSE : $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
    $isBot = !$userAgent || preg_match($bot_regex, $userAgent);

    return $isBot;
}

Anyway take care that some bots uses browser like user agent to fake their identity
( I got many russian ip that has this behaviour on my site )

One distinctive feature of most of the bot is that they don't carry any cookie and so no session is attached to them.
( I am not sure how but this is for sure the best way to track them )

In what cases will HTTP_REFERER be empty

HTTP_REFERER - sent by the browser, stating the last page the browser viewed!

If you trusting [HTTP_REFERER] for any reason that is important, you should not, since it can be faked easily:

  1. Some browsers limit access to not allow HTTP_REFERER to be passed
  2. Type a address in the address bar will not pass the HTTP_REFERER
  3. open a new browser window will not pass the HTTP_REFERER, because HTTP_REFERER = NULL
  4. has some browser addon that blocks it for privacy reasons. Some firewalls and AVs do to.

Try this firefox extension, you'll be able to set any headers you want:

@Master of Celebration:

Firefox:

extensions: refspoof, refontrol, modify headers, no-referer

Completely disable: the option is available in about:config under "network.http.sendRefererHeader" and you want to set this to 0 to disable referer passing.

Google chrome / Chromium:

extensions: noref, spoofy, external noreferrer

Completely disable: Chnage ~/.config/google-chrome/Default/Preferences or ~/.config/chromium/Default/Preferences and set this:

{
   ...
   "enable_referrers": false,
   ...
}

Or simply add --no-referrers to shortcut or in cli:

google-chrome --no-referrers

Opera:

Completely disable: Settings > Preferences > Advanced > Network, and uncheck "Send referrer information"

Spoofing web service:

http://referer.us/

Standalone filtering proxy (spoof any header):

Privoxy

Spoofing http_referer when using wget

‘--referer=url’

Spoofing http_referer when using curl

-e, --referer

Spoofing http_referer wth telnet

telnet www.yoursite.com 80 (press return)
GET /index.html HTTP/1.0 (press return)
Referer: http://www.hah-hah.com (press return)
(press return again)

Regex to replace multiple spaces with a single space

We can use the following regex explained with the help of sed system command. The similar regex can be used in other languages and platforms.

Add the text into some file say test

manjeet-laptop:Desktop manjeet$ cat test
"The dog      has a long   tail, and it     is RED!"

We can use the following regex to replace all white spaces with single space

manjeet-laptop:Desktop manjeet$ sed 's/ \{1,\}/ /g' test
"The dog has a long tail, and it is RED!"

Hope this serves the purpose

How can I pass data from Flask to JavaScript in a template?

Well, I have a tricky method for this job. The idea is as follow-

Make some invisible HTML tags like <label>, <p>, <input> etc. in HTML body and make a pattern in tag id, for example, use list index in tag id and list value at tag class name.

Here I have two lists maintenance_next[] and maintenance_block_time[] of the same length. I want to pass these two list's data to javascript using the flask. So I take some invisible label tag and set its tag name is a pattern of list index and set its class name as value at index.

_x000D_
_x000D_
{% for i in range(maintenance_next|length): %}_x000D_
<label id="maintenance_next_{{i}}" name="{{maintenance_next[i]}}" style="display: none;"></label>_x000D_
<label id="maintenance_block_time_{{i}}" name="{{maintenance_block_time[i]}}" style="display: none;"></label>_x000D_
{% endfor%}
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

After this, I retrieve the data in javascript using some simple javascript operation.

_x000D_
_x000D_
<script>_x000D_
var total_len = {{ total_len }};_x000D_
_x000D_
for (var i = 0; i < total_len; i++) {_x000D_
    var tm1 = document.getElementById("maintenance_next_" + i).getAttribute("name");_x000D_
    var tm2 = document.getElementById("maintenance_block_time_" + i).getAttribute("name");_x000D_
    _x000D_
    //Do what you need to do with tm1 and tm2._x000D_
    _x000D_
    console.log(tm1);_x000D_
    console.log(tm2);_x000D_
}_x000D_
</script>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

I'm trying to use python in powershell

As MaxPRafferty mentioned:

Just a note to anyone landing here from google, the answers setting path are all correct, but this problem probably stems from not giving the python installer administrative rights it needs to set the path itself. An alternative may be to simply right click the installer and select run as administrator, then repair the installation. If that still doesn't work, choose the [Environment] answer below that corresponds to your python version and installation directory. – MaxPRafferty Nov 18 '15 at 20:06

Maybe it is wise to let Python installer to add the path itself. The trap here is that by default Python installer does NOT add path for you. You should look carefully (by scrolling down to see what has been installed) during the installation process instead of directly nexting to the end.

What he missed saying is that you cannot run as administrator once you have installed it. Uninstall and reinstall may do, but the simplest is to right click and Troubleshoot compatibility, being careful this time to check the 'add path' in the "what to install" dialog before hiting next. Then restart powershell. Voilà. It works for me.

Checking for an empty field with MySQL

You could use

IFNULL(email, '') > ''

syntax error near unexpected token `('

Try

sudo -su db2inst1 /opt/ibm/db2/V9.7/bin/db2 force application \(1995\)

node.js require all files in a folder?

Using this function you can require a whole dir.

const GetAllModules = ( dirname ) => {
    if ( dirname ) {
        let dirItems = require( "fs" ).readdirSync( dirname );
        return dirItems.reduce( ( acc, value, index ) => {
            if ( PATH.extname( value ) == ".js" && value.toLowerCase() != "index.js" ) {
                let moduleName = value.replace( /.js/g, '' );
                acc[ moduleName ] = require( `${dirname}/${moduleName}` );
            }
            return acc;
        }, {} );
    }
}

// calling this function.

let dirModules = GetAllModules(__dirname);

What is a stored procedure?

Stored Procedure will help you to make code in server.You can pass parameters and find output.

create procedure_name (para1 int,para2 decimal)
as
select * from TableName

Check if input is integer type in C

I was having the same problem, finally figured out what to do:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>

int main ()
{
    int x;
    float check;
    reprocess:
    printf ("enter a integer number:");
    scanf ("%f", &check);
    x=check;
    if (x==check)
    printf("\nYour number is %d", x);
    else 
    {
         printf("\nThis is not an integer number, please insert an integer!\n\n");
         goto reprocess;
    }
    _getch();
    return 0;
}

List of standard lengths for database fields

I just queried my database with millions of customers in the USA.

  • The maximum first name length was 46. I go with 50. (Of course, only 500 of those were over 25, and they were all cases where data imports resulted in extra junk winding up in that field.)

  • Last name was similar to first name.

  • Email addresses maxed out at 62 characters. Most of the longer ones were actually lists of email addresses separated by semicolons.

  • Street address maxes out at 95 characters. The long ones were all valid.

  • Max city length was 35.

This should be a decent statistical spread for people in the US. If you have localization to consider, the numbers could vary significantly.

Add a new line to the end of a JtextArea

Instead of using JTextArea.setText(String text), use JTextArea.append(String text).

Appends the given text to the end of the document. Does nothing if the model is null or the string is null or empty.

This will add text on to the end of your JTextArea.

Another option would be to use getText() to get the text from the JTextArea, then manipulate the String (add or remove or change the String), then use setText(String text) to set the text of the JTextArea to be the new String.

Web colors in an Android color xml resource file

I specifically was looking for the XML representation for Android.Graphics.Color. I didn't find these, so here you are. More details are in the help document.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <color name="sysBlack">#FF000000</color>
    <color name="sysBlue">#FF0000FF</color>
    <color name="sysCyan">#FF00FFFF</color>
    <color name="sysDkGray">#FF444444</color>
    <color name="sysGray">#FF888888</color>
    <color name="sysGreen">#FF00FF00</color>
    <color name="sysLtGray">#FFCCCCCC</color>
    <color name="sysMagenta">#FFFF00FF</color>
    <color name="sysRed">#FFFF0000</color>
    <color name="sysTransparent">#00000000</color>
    <color name="sysWhite">#FFFFFFFF</color>
    <color name="sysYellow">#FFFFFF00</color>
</resources>

Of course, this is used like this:

android:textColor="@color/sysGray"

Authentication issue when debugging in VS2013 - iis express

In Visual Studio 2013 AND VS15 (but i guess if the same for all other version) just press F4 and change this two properties: -Anonymous Authentication: Disable -Windows Authentication: Enable

How to log request and response body with Retrofit-Android?

There doesn't appear to be a way to do basic + body, but you can use FULL and filter the headers you don't want.

RestAdapter adapter = new RestAdapter.Builder()
                          .setEndpoint(syncServer)
                          .setErrorHandler(err)
                          .setConverter(new GsonConverter(gson))
                          .setLogLevel(logLevel)
                          .setLog(new RestAdapter.Log() {
                              @Override
                              public void log(String msg) {
                                  String[] blacklist = {"Access-Control", "Cache-Control", "Connection", "Content-Type", "Keep-Alive", "Pragma", "Server", "Vary", "X-Powered-By"};
                                  for (String bString : blacklist) {
                                      if (msg.startsWith(bString)) {
                                          return;
                                      }
                                  }
                                  Log.d("Retrofit", msg);
                              }
                          }).build();

It appears that when overriding the log, the body is prefixed with a tag similar to

[ 02-25 10:42:30.317 25645:26335 D/Retrofit ]

so it should be easy to log basic + body by adjusting the custom filter. I am using a blacklist, but a whitelist could also be used depending on your needs.

wkhtmltopdf: cannot connect to X server

Expanding on Timothy's answer...

If you're a web developer looking to use wkhtmltopdf as part of your web app, you can simply install it into your /usr/bin/ folder like so:

cd /usr/bin/
curl -C - -O http://wkhtmltopdf.googlecode.com/files/wkhtmltopdf-0.11.0_rc1-static-i386.tar.bz2
tar -xvjf wkhtmltopdf-0.11.0_rc1-static-i386.tar.bz2
mv wkhtmltopdf-i386 wkhtmltopdf

You can now run it anywhere using wkhtmltopdf.

I personally use the Snappy library in PHP. Here is an example of how easy it is to create a PDF:

<?php

// Create new PDF
$pdf = new \Knp\Snappy\Pdf('wkhtmltopdf');

// Set output header
header('Content-Type: application/pdf');

// Generate PDF from HTML
echo $pdf->getOutputFromHtml('<h1>Title</h1><p>Your content goes here.</p>');

How to change font size in Eclipse for Java text editors?

General ? Appearance ? Colors and Fonts ? Java Editor text font

See the image:

enter image description here

SDK Manager.exe doesn't work

When I clicked SDK Manager on Program Files or run it in cmd, nothing happened

One of your problems is Long File Names in Windows. A number of the Android tools cannot handle them. I filed a bug report on them years ago, but I can't find it at the moment. I also seem to recall something about it in the INSTALL or README.

So you should install the tools in a location without spaces. Use something like C:\Android\ or C:\Android-SDK\.

@Steve and @MeatPopsicle already mentioned spaces in the pathames, but it can't be overstated.


Actually a black cmd window appears and disappears a milliseconds.
... Even I set path for ANDROID_SWT

Out of curiosity, where did ANDROID_SWT come from?

I know Android does use ANDROID_HOME, ANDROID_SDK_ROOT and ANDROID_NDK_ROOT, and the last two should both be set because the tools use them internally. Here's the reference on ANDROID_SDK_ROOT and ANDROID_NDK_ROOT: Recommended NDK Directory?.

So you should set the three environmental variables (after ensuring the installation directory does not contain spaces):

  • ANDROID_HOME
  • ANDROID_SDK_ROOT
  • ANDROID_NDK_ROOT

ANDROID_HOME is set to the directory where the hidden directory .android is.

ANDROID_SDK_ROOT is set to the directory where the SDK is installed, like C:\Android-SDK\.

ANDROID_NDK_ROOT is set to the directory where the NDK is installed, like C:\Android-NDK\. If its not installed, then don't set it.


Once you have ANDROID_SDK_ROOT set, you can put %ANDROID_SDK_ROOT%\tools and %ANDROID_SDK_ROOT%\platform-tools on PATH. Then, you can drop into a command line and issue something like this (and it just works):

adb list

Bash integer comparison

This script works!

#/bin/bash
if [[ ( "$#" < 1 ) || ( !( "$1" == 1 ) && !( "$1" == 0 ) ) ]] ; then
    echo this script requires a 1 or 0 as first parameter.
else
    echo "first parameter is $1"
    xinput set-prop 12 "Device Enabled" $0
fi

But this also works, and in addition keeps the logic of the OP, since the question is about calculations. Here it is with only arithmetic expressions:

#/bin/bash
if (( $# )) && (( $1 == 0 || $1 == 1 )); then
    echo "first parameter is $1"
    xinput set-prop 12 "Device Enabled" $0
else
    echo this script requires a 1 or 0 as first parameter.
fi

The output is the same1:

$ ./tmp.sh 
this script requires a 1 or 0 as first parameter.

$ ./tmp.sh 0
first parameter is 0

$ ./tmp.sh 1
first parameter is 1

$ ./tmp.sh 2
this script requires a 1 or 0 as first parameter.

[1] the second fails if the first argument is a string

jQuery Scroll To bottom of the page

js

var el = document.getElementById("el");
el.scrollTop = el.scrollHeight - el.scrollTop;

JSON and escaping characters

This is SUPER late and probably not relevant anymore, but if anyone stumbles upon this answer, I believe I know the cause.

So the JSON encoded string is perfectly valid with the degree symbol in it, as the other answer mentions. The problem is most likely in the character encoding that you are reading/writing with. Depending on how you are using Gson, you are probably passing it a java.io.Reader instance. Any time you are creating a Reader from an InputStream, you need to specify the character encoding, or java.nio.charset.Charset instance (it's usually best to use java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets.UTF_8). If you don't specify a Charset, Java will use your platform default encoding, which on Windows is usually CP-1252.

SLF4J: Failed to load class "org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder". error

Had been over looking the issue having surfaced it. Believe this will be a good read for others who come down here with the same issue:

https://bugs.eclipse.org/bugs/show_bug.cgi?id=387064

Wordpress - Images not showing up in the Media Library

I had this problem with wordpress 3.8.1 and it turned out that my functions.php wasn't saved as utf-8. Re-saved it and it

Android: How to handle right to left swipe gestures

I know its a bit late since 2012 but I hope it will help someone since I think it's a shorter and cleaner code than most of the answers:

view.setOnTouchListener((v, event) -> {
        
int action = MotionEventCompat.getActionMasked(event);

switch(action) {
    case (MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) :
        Log.d(DEBUG_TAG,"Action was DOWN");
        return true;

    case (MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE) :
        Log.d(DEBUG_TAG,"Action was MOVE");
        return true;

    case (MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) :
        Log.d(DEBUG_TAG,"Action was UP");
        return true;

    case (MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL) :
        Log.d(DEBUG_TAG,"Action was CANCEL");
        return true;

    case (MotionEvent.ACTION_OUTSIDE) :
        Log.d(DEBUG_TAG,"Movement occurred outside bounds " +
                "of current screen element");
        return true;

    default :
        return super.onTouchEvent(event);
}
    });

of course you can leave only the relevant gestures to you.

src: https://developer.android.com/training/gestures/detector

String concatenation in Ruby

For Puppet:

$username = 'lala'
notify { "Hello ${username.capitalize}":
    withpath => false,
}

How to find the most recent file in a directory using .NET, and without looping?

Another approach if you are using Directory.EnumerateFiles and want to read files in latest modified by first.

foreach (string file in Directory.EnumerateFiles(fileDirectory, fileType).OrderByDescending(f => new FileInfo(f).LastWriteTime))

}

Reset all the items in a form

foreach (Control field in container.Controls)
            {
                if (field is TextBox)
                    ((TextBox)field).Clear();
                else if (field is ComboBox)
                    ((ComboBox)field).SelectedIndex=0;
                else
                    dgView.DataSource = null;
                    ClearAllText(field);
            }

Remove the legend on a matplotlib figure

You could use the legend's set_visible method:

ax.legend().set_visible(False)
draw()

This is based on a answer provided to me in response to a similar question I had some time ago here

(Thanks for that answer Jouni - I'm sorry I was unable to mark the question as answered... perhaps someone who has the authority can do so for me?)

Most Pythonic way to provide global configuration variables in config.py?

Similar to blubb's answer. I suggest building them with lambda functions to reduce code. Like this:

User = lambda passwd, hair, name: {'password':passwd, 'hair':hair, 'name':name}

#Col      Username       Password      Hair Color  Real Name
config = {'st3v3' : User('password',   'blonde',   'Steve Booker'),
          'blubb' : User('12345678',   'black',    'Bubb Ohaal'),
          'suprM' : User('kryptonite', 'black',    'Clark Kent'),
          #...
         }
#...

config['st3v3']['password']  #> password
config['blubb']['hair']      #> black

This does smell like you may want to make a class, though.

Or, as MarkM noted, you could use namedtuple

from collections import namedtuple
#...

User = namedtuple('User', ['password', 'hair', 'name']}

#Col      Username       Password      Hair Color  Real Name
config = {'st3v3' : User('password',   'blonde',   'Steve Booker'),
          'blubb' : User('12345678',   'black',    'Bubb Ohaal'),
          'suprM' : User('kryptonite', 'black',    'Clark Kent'),
          #...
         }
#...

config['st3v3'].password   #> passwd
config['blubb'].hair       #> black

How to set host_key_checking=false in ansible inventory file?

Adding following to ansible config worked while using ansible ad-hoc commands:

[ssh_connection]
# ssh arguments to use
ssh_args = -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no

Ansible Version

ansible 2.1.6.0
config file = /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg

If conditions in a Makefile, inside a target

There are several problems here, so I'll start with my usual high-level advice: Start small and simple, add complexity a little at a time, test at every step, and never add to code that doesn't work. (I really ought to have that hotkeyed.)

You're mixing Make syntax and shell syntax in a way that is just dizzying. You should never have let it get this big without testing. Let's start from the outside and work inward.

UNAME := $(shell uname -m)

all:
    $(info Checking if custom header is needed)
    ifeq ($(UNAME), x86_64)
    ... do some things to build unistd_32.h
    endif

    @make -C $(KDIR) M=$(PWD) modules

So you want unistd_32.h built (maybe) before you invoke the second make, you can make it a prerequisite. And since you want that only in a certain case, you can put it in a conditional:

ifeq ($(UNAME), x86_64)
all: unistd_32.h
endif

all:
    @make -C $(KDIR) M=$(PWD) modules

unistd_32.h:
    ... do some things to build unistd_32.h

Now for building unistd_32.h:

F1_EXISTS=$(shell [ -e /usr/include/asm/unistd_32.h ] && echo 1 || echo 0 )
ifeq ($(F1_EXISTS), 1)
    $(info Copying custom header)
    $(shell sed -e 's/__NR_/__NR32_/g' /usr/include/asm/unistd_32.h > unistd_32.h)
else    
    F2_EXISTS=$(shell [[ -e /usr/include/asm-i386/unistd.h ]] && echo 1 || echo 0 )
    ifeq ($(F2_EXISTS), 1)
        $(info Copying custom header)
        $(shell sed -e 's/__NR_/__NR32_/g' /usr/include/asm-i386/unistd.h > unistd_32.h)
    else
        $(error asm/unistd_32.h and asm-386/unistd.h does not exist)
    endif
endif

You are trying to build unistd.h from unistd_32.h; the only trick is that unistd_32.h could be in either of two places. The simplest way to clean this up is to use a vpath directive:

vpath unistd.h /usr/include/asm /usr/include/asm-i386

unistd_32.h: unistd.h
    sed -e 's/__NR_/__NR32_/g' $< > $@

Compiling LaTex bib source

You have to run 'bibtex':

latex paper.tex
bibtex paper
latex paper.tex
latex paper.tex
dvipdf paper.dvi

How to give Jenkins more heap space when it´s started as a service under Windows?

If you used Aptitude (apt-get) to install Jenkins on Ubuntu 12.04, uncomment the JAVA_ARGS line in the top few lines of /etc/default/jenkins:

# arguments to pass to java
#JAVA_ARGS="-Xmx256m"   # <--default value
JAVA_ARGS="-Xmx2048m"
#JAVA_ARGS="-Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true" # make jenkins listen on IPv4 address

How to subscribe to an event on a service in Angular2?

Update: I have found a better/proper way to solve this problem using a BehaviorSubject or an Observable rather than an EventEmitter. Please see this answer: https://stackoverflow.com/a/35568924/215945

Also, the Angular docs now have a cookbook example that uses a Subject.


Original/outdated/wrong answer: again, don't use an EventEmitter in a service. That is an anti-pattern.

Using beta.1... NavService contains the EventEmiter. Component Navigation emits events via the service, and component ObservingComponent subscribes to the events.

nav.service.ts

import {EventEmitter} from 'angular2/core';
export class NavService {
  navchange: EventEmitter<number> = new EventEmitter();
  constructor() {}
  emitNavChangeEvent(number) {
    this.navchange.emit(number);
  }
  getNavChangeEmitter() {
    return this.navchange;
  }
}

components.ts

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {NavService} from '../services/NavService';

@Component({
  selector: 'obs-comp',
  template: `obs component, item: {{item}}`
})
export class ObservingComponent {
  item: number = 0;
  subscription: any;
  constructor(private navService:NavService) {}
  ngOnInit() {
    this.subscription = this.navService.getNavChangeEmitter()
      .subscribe(item => this.selectedNavItem(item));
  }
  selectedNavItem(item: number) {
    this.item = item;
  }
  ngOnDestroy() {
    this.subscription.unsubscribe();
  }
}

@Component({
  selector: 'my-nav',
  template:`
    <div class="nav-item" (click)="selectedNavItem(1)">nav 1 (click me)</div>
    <div class="nav-item" (click)="selectedNavItem(2)">nav 2 (click me)</div>
  `,
})
export class Navigation {
  item = 1;
  constructor(private navService:NavService) {}
  selectedNavItem(item: number) {
    console.log('selected nav item ' + item);
    this.navService.emitNavChangeEvent(item);
  }
}

Plunker

Attaching a Sass/SCSS to HTML docs

You can not "attach" a SASS/SCSS file to an HTML document.

SASS/SCSS is a CSS preprocessor that runs on the server and compiles to CSS code that your browser understands.

There are client-side alternatives to SASS that can be compiled in the browser using javascript such as LESS CSS, though I advise you compile to CSS for production use.

It's as simple as adding 2 lines of code to your HTML file.

<link rel="stylesheet/less" type="text/css" href="styles.less" />
<script src="less.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

How do I get my Maven Integration tests to run

You can split them very easily using JUnit categories and Maven.
This is shown very, very briefly below by splitting unit and integration tests.

Define A Marker Interface

The first step in grouping a test using categories is to create a marker interface.
This interface will be used to mark all of the tests that you want to be run as integration tests.

public interface IntegrationTest {}

Mark your test classes

Add the category annotation to the top of your test class. It takes the name of your new interface.

import org.junit.experimental.categories.Category;

@Category(IntegrationTest.class)
public class ExampleIntegrationTest{

    @Test
    public void longRunningServiceTest() throws Exception {
    }

}

Configure Maven Unit Tests

The beauty of this solution is that nothing really changes for the unit test side of things.
We simply add some configuration to the maven surefire plugin to make it to ignore any integration tests.

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>2.11</version>
    <configuration>
        <includes>
            <include>**/*.class</include>
        </includes>
        <excludedGroups>
            com.test.annotation.type.IntegrationTest
        </excludedGroups>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

When you do a mvn clean test, only your unmarked unit tests will run.

Configure Maven Integration Tests

Again the configuration for this is very simple.
We use the standard failsafe plugin and configure it to only run the integration tests.

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-failsafe-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>2.19.1</version>
    <configuration>
        <includes>
            <include>**/*.class</include>
        </includes>
        <groups>
            com.test.annotation.type.IntegrationTest
        </groups>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

The configuration uses a standard execution goal to run the failsafe plugin during the integration-test phase of the build.

You can now do a mvn clean install.
This time as well as the unit tests running, the integration tests are run during the integration-test phase.

How do I loop through a list by twos?

If you have control over the structure of the list, the most pythonic thing to do would probably be to change it from:

l=[1,2,3,4]

to:

l=[(1,2),(3,4)]

Then, your loop would be:

for i,j in l:
    print i, j

How to return a class object by reference in C++?

You're probably returning an object that's on the stack. That is, return_Object() probably looks like this:

Object& return_Object()
{
    Object object_to_return;
    // ... do stuff ...

    return object_to_return;
}

If this is what you're doing, you're out of luck - object_to_return has gone out of scope and been destructed at the end of return_Object, so myObject refers to a non-existent object. You either need to return by value, or return an Object declared in a wider scope or newed onto the heap.

MySQL ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'bill'@'localhost' (using password: YES)

When you run mysql -u bill -p, localhost is resolved to your ip, since it is 127.0.0.1 and in your /etc/hosts file, as default 127.0.0.1 localhost exists. So, mysql interprets you as bill@localhost which is not granted with bill@'%' . This is why there are 2 different records for root user in result of select host, user from mysql.user; query.

There are two ways to handle this issue.

One is specifying an ip which is not reversely resolved by /etc/hosts file when you try to login. For example, the ip of server is 10.0.0.2. When you run the command mysql -u bill -p -h 10.0.0.2, you will be able to login. If you type select user();, you will get [email protected]. Of course, any domain name should not be resolved to this ip in your /etc/hosts file.

Secondly, you need grant access for this specific domain name. For bill@localhost, you should call command grant all privileges on *.* to bill@localhost identified by 'billpass'; . In this case, you will be able to login with command mysql -u bill -p. Once logined, select user(); command returns bill@localhost.

But this is only for that you try to login a mysql server in the same host. From remote hosts, mysql behaves expectedly, '%' will grant you to login.

How to display Oracle schema size with SQL query?

select T.TABLE_NAME, T.TABLESPACE_NAME, t.avg_row_len*t.num_rows from dba_tables t
order by T.TABLE_NAME asc

See e.g. http://www.dba-oracle.com/t_script_oracle_table_size.htm for more options

Running Composer returns: "Could not open input file: composer.phar"

I got this error "Could not open input file: composer.phar" while installing Yii2 using below mentioned command.

php composer.phar create-project yiisoft/yii2-app-basic basic

Solutions which worked for me was, I changed the command to

composer create-project yiisoft/yii2-app-basic basic

I hope it help!

Create a Bitmap/Drawable from file path

static ArrayList< Drawable>  d;
d = new ArrayList<Drawable>();
for(int i=0;i<MainActivity.FilePathStrings1.size();i++) {
  myDrawable =  Drawable.createFromPath(MainActivity.FilePathStrings1.get(i));
  d.add(myDrawable);
}

How to check if a date is in a given range?

You can try this:

//custom date for example
$d1 = new DateTime("2012-07-08");
$d2 = new DateTime("2012-07-11");
$d3 = new DateTime("2012-07-08");
$d4 = new DateTime("2012-07-15");

//create a date period object
$interval = new DateInterval('P1D');
$daterange = iterator_to_array(new DatePeriod($d1, $interval, $d2));
$daterange1 = iterator_to_array(new DatePeriod($d3, $interval, $d4));
array_map(function($v) use ($daterange1) { if(in_array($v, $daterange1)) print "Bingo!";}, $daterange);