Programs & Examples On #Icsharpcode

ICSharpCode.TextEditor is a syntax highlighting control for .NET program. It comes from the open source IDE SharpDevelop. It's available under LGPL license.

Something better than .NET Reflector?

9Rays used to have a decompiler, but I haven't checked in a while. It was not free, I remember...

There is also a new one (at least for me) named Dis#.

Zip folder in C#

From the DotNetZip help file,

using (ZipFile zip = new ZipFile())
   zip.UseUnicodeAsNecessary= true;  // utf-8
   zip.Comment = "This zip was created at " + System.DateTime.Now.ToString("G") ; 

Attempted to read or write protected memory

In my case I had trouble with the "Environment variables" while adding reference to my COM DLL.

When I added the reference to my project, I was looking for P:\Core path, whereas I had added the c:\core path in past into path environment varaible.

So my code was attempting wrong path first. I removed that and un-registered the DLL reference and re-registered my DLL reference using (regsvr32). Hope this helps.

How to draw a checkmark / tick using CSS?

I've used something similar to BM2ilabs's answer in the past to style the tick in checkboxes. This technique uses only a single pseudo element so it preserves the semantic HTML and there is no reason for additional HTML elements.

label {_x000D_
  cursor: pointer;_x000D_
input[type="checkbox"] {_x000D_
  position: relative;_x000D_
  top: 2px;_x000D_
  box-sizing: content-box;_x000D_
  width: 14px;_x000D_
  height: 14px;_x000D_
  margin: 0 5px 0 0;_x000D_
  cursor: pointer;_x000D_
  -webkit-appearance: none;_x000D_
  border-radius: 2px;_x000D_
  background-color: #fff;_x000D_
  border: 1px solid #b7b7b7;_x000D_
input[type="checkbox"]:before {_x000D_
  content: '';_x000D_
  display: block;_x000D_
input[type="checkbox"]:checked:before {_x000D_
  width: 4px;_x000D_
  height: 9px;_x000D_
  margin: 0px 4px;_x000D_
  border-bottom: 2px solid #115c80;_x000D_
  border-right: 2px solid #115c80;_x000D_
  transform: rotate(45deg);_x000D_
  <input type="checkbox" name="check-1" value="Label">Label_x000D_

bind/unbind service example (android)

First of all, two things that we need to understand,


  • It makes request to a specific server

bindService(new Intent(""), mServiceConn, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);

here mServiceConn is instance of ServiceConnection class(inbuilt) it is actually interface that we need to implement with two (1st for network connected and 2nd network not connected) method to monitor network connection state.


  • It handles the request of the client and makes replica of its own which is private to client only who send request and this raplica of server runs on different thread.

Now at client side, how to access all the methods of server?

  • Server sends response with IBinder Object. So, IBinder object is our handler which accesses all the methods of Service by using (.) operator.


MyService myService;
public ServiceConnection myConnection = new ServiceConnection() {
    public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className, IBinder binder) {
        myService = binder;
    //binder comes from server to communicate with method's of 

    public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName className) {
        myService = null;

Now how to call method which lies in service


Here myService is object and serviceMethod is method in service. and by this way communication is established between client and server.

How to Validate Google reCaptcha on Form Submit

One issue I came up with that prevented these two files from working correctly was with my php.ini file for the website. Make sure this property is properly set, as follows:

allow_url_fopen = 

JS search in object values

search(searchText) {
  let arrayOfMatchedObjects = arrayOfAllObjects.filter(object => {
    return JSON.stringify(object)
  return arrayOfMatchedObjects;

This could be very simple, easy, fast and understandable Search function for some of you just like me.

PHP salt and hash SHA256 for login password

According to the Salt option has been deprecated as of PHP 7.0.0, so you should use the salt that is generated by default and is far more simpler

Example for store the password:

$hashPassword = password_hash("password", PASSWORD_BCRYPT);

Example to verify the password:

$passwordCorrect = password_verify("password", $hashPassword);

How do I add an image to a JButton

For example if you have image in folder res/image.png you can write:

    ClassLoader classLoader = Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader();
    InputStream input = classLoader.getResourceAsStream("image.png");
    // URL input = classLoader.getResource("image.png"); // <-- You can use URL class too.
    BufferedImage image =;

    button.setIcon(new ImageIcon(image));
catch(IOException e)

In one line:

    button.setIcon(new ImageIcon("image.png"))));
catch(IOException e)

If the image is bigger than button then it will not shown.

How to get CPU temperature?

It's depends on if your computer support WMI. My computer can't run this WMI demo too.

But I successfully get the CPU temperature via Open Hardware Monitor. Add the Openhardwaremonitor reference in Visual Studio. It's easier. Try this

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using OpenHardwareMonitor.Hardware;
namespace Get_CPU_Temp5
   class Program
       public class UpdateVisitor : IVisitor
           public void VisitComputer(IComputer computer)
           public void VisitHardware(IHardware hardware)
               foreach (IHardware subHardware in hardware.SubHardware) subHardware.Accept(this);
           public void VisitSensor(ISensor sensor) { }
           public void VisitParameter(IParameter parameter) { }
       static void GetSystemInfo()
           UpdateVisitor updateVisitor = new UpdateVisitor();
           Computer computer = new Computer();
           computer.CPUEnabled = true;
           for (int i = 0; i < computer.Hardware.Length; i++)
               if (computer.Hardware[i].HardwareType == HardwareType.CPU)
                   for (int j = 0; j < computer.Hardware[i].Sensors.Length; j++)
                       if (computer.Hardware[i].Sensors[j].SensorType == SensorType.Temperature)
                               Console.WriteLine(computer.Hardware[i].Sensors[j].Name + ":" + computer.Hardware[i].Sensors[j].Value.ToString() + "\r");
       static void Main(string[] args)
           while (true)

You need to run this demo as administrator.

You can see the tutorial here:

How to read one single line of csv data in Python?

From the Python documentation:

And while the module doesn’t directly support parsing strings, it can easily be done:

import csv
for row in csv.reader(['one,two,three']):
    print row

Just drop your string data into a singleton list.

Changing directory in Google colab (breaking out of the python interpreter)


%cd SwitchFrequencyAnalysis

to change the current working directory for the notebook environment (and not just the subshell that runs your ! command).

you can confirm it worked with the pwd command like this:


further information about jupyter / ipython magics:

Add Facebook Share button to static HTML page

Replace <url> with your own link

<script>function fbs_click() {u=location.href;t=document.title;''+encodeURIComponent(u)+'&t='+encodeURIComponent(t),'sharer','toolbar=0,status=0,width=626,height=436');return false;}</script><style> html .fb_share_link { padding:2px 0 0 20px; height:16px; background:url( no-repeat top left; }</style><a rel="nofollow" href="<;url>" onclick="return fbs_click()" target="_blank" class="fb_share_link">Share on Facebook</a>

SQL using sp_HelpText to view a stored procedure on a linked server

Instead of invoking the sp_helptext locally with a remote argument, invoke it remotely with a local argument:

EXEC  [ServerName].[DatabaseName].dbo.sp_HelpText 'storedProcName'

How do I completely remove root password

Did you try passwd -d root? Most likely, this will do what you want.

You can also manually edit /etc/shadow: (Create a backup copy. Be sure that you can log even if you mess up, for example from a rescue system.) Search for "root". Typically, the root entry looks similar to


There, delete the second field (everything between the first and second colon):


Some systems will make you put an asterisk (*) in the password field instead of blank, where a blank field would allow no password (CentOS 8 for example)


Save the file, and try logging in as root. It should skip the password prompt. (Like passwd -d, this is a "no password" solution. If you are really looking for a "blank password", that is "ask for a password, but accept if the user just presses Enter", look at the manpage of mkpasswd, and use mkpasswd to create the second field for the /etc/shadow.)

How to Generate Unique Public and Private Key via RSA

What I ended up doing is create a new KeyContainer name based off of the current DateTime (DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString()) whenever I need to create a new key and save the container name and public key to the database. Also, whenever I create a new key I would do the following:

public static string ConvertToNewKey(string oldPrivateKey)

    // get the current container name from the database...

    rsa.PersistKeyInCsp = false;
    rsa = null;

    string privateKey = AssignNewKey(true); // create the new public key and container name and write them to the database...

       // re-encrypt existing data to use the new keys and write to database...

    return privateKey;
public static string AssignNewKey(bool ReturnPrivateKey){
     string containerName = DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString();
     // create the new key...
     // saves container name and public key to database...
     // and returns Private Key XML.

before creating the new key.

How to completely remove a dialog on close


This will destroy the dialog and then remove the div that was "hosting" the dialog completely from the DOM

no debugging symbols found when using gdb

The most frequent cause of "no debugging symbols found" when -g is present is that there is some "stray" -s or -S argument somewhere on the link line.

From man ld:

       Omit all symbol information from the output file.

       Omit debugger symbol information (but not all symbols) from the output file.

How to copy the first few lines of a giant file, and add a line of text at the end of it using some Linux commands?

I am assuming what you are trying to achieve is to insert a line after the first few lines of of a textfile.

head -n10 file.txt >> newfile.txt
echo "your line >> newfile.txt
tail -n +10 file.txt >> newfile.txt

If you don't want to rest of the lines from the file, just skip the tail part.

Verifying a specific parameter with Moq

I've been verifying calls in the same manner - I believe it is the right way to do it.

mockSomething.Verify(ms => ms.Method(
    It.Is<MyObject>(mo => mo.Id == 5 && mo.description == "test")
  ), Times.Once());

If your lambda expression becomes unwieldy, you could create a function that takes MyObject as input and outputs true/false...

mockSomething.Verify(ms => ms.Method(
    It.Is<MyObject>(mo => MyObjectFunc(mo))
  ), Times.Once());

private bool MyObjectFunc(MyObject myObject)
  return myObject.Id == 5 && myObject.description == "test";

Also, be aware of a bug with Mock where the error message states that the method was called multiple times when it wasn't called at all. They might have fixed it by now - but if you see that message you might consider verifying that the method was actually called.

EDIT: Here is an example of calling verify multiple times for those scenarios where you want to verify that you call a function for each object in a list (for example).

foreach (var item in myList)
  mockRepository.Verify(mr => mr.Update(
    It.Is<MyObject>(i => i.Id == item.Id && i.LastUpdated == item.LastUpdated),

Same approach for setup...

foreach (var item in myList) {
  var stuff = ... // some result specific to the item
    .Setup(mr => mr.GetStuff(item.itemId))

So each time GetStuff is called for that itemId, it will return stuff specific to that item. Alternatively, you could use a function that takes itemId as input and returns stuff.

    .Setup(mr => mr.GetStuff(It.IsAny<int>()))
    .Returns((int id) => SomeFunctionThatReturnsStuff(id));

One other method I saw on a blog some time back (Phil Haack perhaps?) had setup returning from some kind of dequeue object - each time the function was called it would pull an item from a queue.

JavaScript string and number conversion

These questions come up all the time due to JavaScript's typing system. People think they are getting a number when they're getting the string of a number.

Here are some things you might see that take advantage of the way JavaScript deals with strings and numbers. Personally, I wish JavaScript had used some symbol other than + for string concatenation.

Step (1) Concatenate "1", "2", "3" into "123"

result = "1" + "2" + "3";

Step (2) Convert "123" into 123

result = +"123";

Step (3) Add 123 + 100 = 223

result = 123 + 100;

Step (4) Convert 223 into "223"

result = "" + 223;

If you know WHY these work, you're less likely to get into trouble with JavaScript expressions.

C# : 'is' keyword and checking for Not

if (child is IContainer ? false : true)

Python str vs unicode types

Your terminal happens to be configured to UTF-8.

The fact that printing a works is a coincidence; you are writing raw UTF-8 bytes to the terminal. a is a value of length two, containing two bytes, hex values C3 and A1, while ua is a unicode value of length one, containing a codepoint U+00E1.

This difference in length is one major reason to use Unicode values; you cannot easily measure the number of text characters in a byte string; the len() of a byte string tells you how many bytes were used, not how many characters were encoded.

You can see the difference when you encode the unicode value to different output encodings:

>>> a = 'á'
>>> ua = u'á'
>>> ua.encode('utf8')
>>> ua.encode('latin1')
>>> a

Note that the first 256 codepoints of the Unicode standard match the Latin 1 standard, so the U+00E1 codepoint is encoded to Latin 1 as a byte with hex value E1.

Furthermore, Python uses escape codes in representations of unicode and byte strings alike, and low code points that are not printable ASCII are represented using \x.. escape values as well. This is why a Unicode string with a code point between 128 and 255 looks just like the Latin 1 encoding. If you have a unicode string with codepoints beyond U+00FF a different escape sequence, \u.... is used instead, with a four-digit hex value.

It looks like you don't yet fully understand what the difference is between Unicode and an encoding. Please do read the following articles before you continue:

How do I change data-type of pandas data frame to string with a defined format?

I'm putting this in a new answer because no linebreaks / codeblocks in comments. I assume you want those nans to turn into a blank string? I couldn't find a nice way to do this, only do the ugly method:

s = pd.Series([1001.,1002.,None])
a = s.loc[s.isnull()].fillna('')
b = s.loc[s.notnull()].astype(int).astype(str)
result = pd.concat([a,b])

openssl s_client -cert: Proving a client certificate was sent to the server

I know this is an old question but it does not yet appear to have an answer. I've duplicated this situation, but I'm writing the server app, so I've been able to establish what happens on the server side as well. The client sends the certificate when the server asks for it and if it has a reference to a real certificate in the s_client command line. My server application is set up to ask for a client certificate and to fail if one is not presented. Here is the command line I issue:

Yourhostname here -vvvvvvvvvv s_client -connect <hostname>:443 -cert client.pem -key cckey.pem -CAfile rootcert.pem -cipher ALL:!ADH:!LOW:!EXP:!MD5:@STRENGTH -tls1 -state

When I leave out the "-cert client.pem" part of the command the handshake fails on the server side and the s_client command fails with an error reported. I still get the report "No client certificate CA names sent" but I think that has been answered here above.

The short answer then is that the server determines whether a certificate will be sent by the client under normal operating conditions (s_client is not normal) and the failure is due to the server not recognizing the CA in the certificate presented. I'm not familiar with many situations in which two-way authentication is done although it is required for my project.

You are clearly sending a certificate. The server is clearly rejecting it.

The missing information here is the exact manner in which the certs were created and the way in which the provider loaded the cert, but that is probably all wrapped up by now.

How to pre-populate the sms body text via an html link

For using Android you use below code

<a href="sms:+32665?body=reg fb1>Send SMS</a>

For iOS you can use below code

<a href="sms:+32665&body=reg fb1>Send SMS</a>

below code working for both iOs and Android

<a href="sms:+32665?&body=reg fb1>Send SMS</a>

how to remove time from datetime

Personally, I'd return the full, native datetime value and format this in the client code.

That way, you can use the user's locale setting to give the correct meaning to that user.

"11/12" is ambiguous. Is it:

  • 12th November
  • 11th December

How do I configure Maven for offline development?

My experience shows that the -o option doesn't work properly and that the go-offline goal is far from sufficient to allow a full offline build:

The solution I could validate includes the use of the --legacy-local-repository maven option rather than the -o (offline) one and the use of the local repository in place of the distribution repository

In addition, I had to copy every maven-metadata-maven2_central.xml files of the local-repo into the maven-metadata.xml form expected by maven.

See the solution I found here.

How to set a binding in Code?


myBinding.Source = ViewModel.SomeString;


myBinding.Source = ViewModel;


Binding myBinding = new Binding();
myBinding.Source = ViewModel;
myBinding.Path = new PropertyPath("SomeString");
myBinding.Mode = BindingMode.TwoWay;
myBinding.UpdateSourceTrigger = UpdateSourceTrigger.PropertyChanged;
BindingOperations.SetBinding(txtText, TextBox.TextProperty, myBinding);

Your source should be just ViewModel, the .SomeString part is evaluated from the Path (the Path can be set by the constructor or by the Path property).

How do I find an array item with TypeScript? (a modern, easier way)

If you need some es6 improvements not supported by Typescript, you can target es6 in your tsconfig and use Babel to convert your files in es5.

Ignore python multiple return value

The best solution probably is to name things instead of returning meaningless tuples (unless there is some logic behind the order of the returned items). You can for example use a dictionary:

def func():
    return {'lat': 1, 'lng': 2}
latitude = func()['lat']

You could even use namedtuple if you want to add extra information about what you are returning (it's not just a dictionary, it's a pair of coordinates):

from collections import namedtuple 

Coordinates = namedtuple('Coordinates', ['lat', 'lng'])

def func():
    return Coordinates(lat=1, lng=2)

latitude = func().lat

If the objects within your dictionary/tuple are strongly tied together then it may be a good idea to even define a class for it. That way you'll also be able to define more complex operations. A natural question that follows is: When should I be using classes in Python?

Most recent versions of python (= 3.7) have dataclasses which you can use to define classes with very few lines of code:

from dataclasses import dataclass

class Coordinates:
    lat: float = 0
    lng: float = 0

def func():
    return Coordinates(lat=1, lng=2)

latitude = func().lat

The primary advantage of dataclasses over namedtuple is that its easier to extend, but there are other differences. Note that by default, dataclasses are mutable, but you can use @dataclass(frozen=True) instead of @dataclass to force them being immutable.

Bootstrap 3 2-column form layout

You could use the bootstrap grid system :

<div class="col-md-6 form-group">
    <label for="textbox1">Label1</label>
    <input class="form-control" id="textbox1" type="text"/>
<div class="col-md-6 form-group">
    <label for="textbox2">Label2</label>
    <input class="form-control" id="textbox2" type="text"/>
<span class="clearfix">

Is that what you want to achieve?

Forbidden You don't have permission to access / on this server

Solution is just simple.

If you are trying to access server using your local IP address and you are getting error saying like Forbidden You don't have permission to access / on this server

Just open your httpd.conf file from (in my case C:/wamp/bin/apache/apache2.2.21/conf/httpd.conf)

Search for

<Directory "D:/wamp/www/"> .... ..... </Directory>

Replace Allow from


Allow from all

Save changes and restart your server.

Now you can access your server using your IP address

How to detect orientation change in layout in Android?

for Kotilin implementation in the simplest form - only fires when screen changes from portrait <--> landscape if need device a flip detection (180 degree) you'll need to tab in to gravity sensor values

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {

val rotation = windowManager.defaultDisplay.rotation

    when (rotation) {            
        0 -> Log.d(TAG,"at zero degree")
        1 -> Log.d(TAG,"at 270 degree")
        2 -> Log.d(TAG,"at 180 degree")
        3 -> Log.d(TAG,"at 90 degree")


Operator overloading ==, !=, Equals

I think you declared the Equals method like this:

public override bool Equals(BOX obj)

Since the object.Equals method takes an object, there is no method to override with this signature. You have to override it like this:

public override bool Equals(object obj)

If you want type-safe Equals, you can implement IEquatable<BOX>.

Byte and char conversion in Java

new String(byteArray, Charset.defaultCharset())

This will convert a byte array to the default charset in java. It may throw exceptions depending on what you supply with the byteArray.

Eclipse projects not showing up after placing project files in workspace/projects

I have tried many of the option suggested but at last importing project in new workspace solved my problem.

I think there is some problem in metadata files in old workspace.

Setting active profile and config location from command line in spring boot

I think your problem is likely related to your spring.config.location not ending the path with "/".

Quote the docs

If spring.config.location contains directories (as opposed to files) they should end in / (and will be appended with the names generated from before being loaded).

Using routes in Express-js

So, after I created my question, I got this related list on the right with a similar issue: Organize routes in Node.js.

The answer in that post linked to the Express repo on GitHub and suggests to look at the 'route-separation' example.

This helped me change my code, and I now have it working. - Thanks for your comments.

My implementation ended up looking like this;

I require my routes in the app.js:

var express = require('express')
  , site = require('./site')
  , wiki = require('./wiki');

And I add my routes like this:

app.get('/', site.index);
app.get('/wiki/:id/edit', wiki.edit);

I have two files called wiki.js and site.js in the root of my app, containing this:

exports.edit = function(req, res) {

    var wiki_entry =;

    res.render('wiki/edit', {
        title: 'Editing Wiki',
        wiki: wiki_entry

Cannot find reference 'xxx' in - Python / Pycharm

This is a bug in pycharm. PyCharm seems to be expecting the referenced module to be included in an __all__ = [] statement.

For proper coding etiquette, should you include the __all__ statement from your modules? ..this is actually the question we hear young Spock answering while he was being tested, to which he responded: "It is morally praiseworthy but not morally obligatory."

To get around it, you can simply disable that (extremely non-critical) (highly useful) inspection globally, or suppress it for the specific function or statement.

To do so:

  • put the caret over the erroring text ('choice', from your example above)
  • Bring up the intention menu (alt-enter by default, mine is set to alt-backspace)
  • hit the right arrow to open the submenu, and select the relevant action

PyCharm has its share of small bugs like this, but in my opinion its benefits far outweigh its drawbacks. If you'd like to try another good IDE, there's also Spyder/Spyderlib.

I know this is quite a bit after you asked your question, but I hope this helps (you, or someone else).

Edited: Originally, I thought that this was specific to checking __all__, but it looks like it's the more general 'Unresolved References' check, which can be very useful. It's probably best to use statement-level disabling of the feature, either by using the menu as mentioned above, or by specifying # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences on the line preceding the statement.

Avoiding "resource is out of sync with the filesystem"

For the new Indigo version, the Preferences change to "Refresh on access", and with a detail explanation : Automatically refresh external workspace changes on access via the workspace.

As “resource is out of sync with the filesystem” this problem happens when I use external workspace, so after I select this option, problem solved.

How do I decode a URL parameter using C#?

Try this:

string decodedUrl = HttpUtility.UrlDecode("my.aspx?val=%2Fxyz2F");

Specifing width of a flexbox flex item: width or basis?

The bottom statement is equivalent to:

.half {
   flex-grow: 0;
   flex-shrink: 0;
   flex-basis: 50%;

Which, in this case, would be equivalent as the box is not allowed to flex and therefore retains the initial width set by flex-basis.

Flex-basis defines the default size of an element before the remaining space is distributed so if the element were allowed to flex (grow/shrink) it may not be 50% of the width of the page.

I've found that I regularly return to for help regarding flexbox :)

How to calculate DATE Difference in PostgreSQL?

Your calculation is correct for DATE types, but if your values are timestamps, you should probably use EXTRACT (or DATE_PART) to be sure to get only the difference in full days;

EXTRACT(DAY FROM MAX(joindate)-MIN(joindate)) AS DateDifference

An SQLfiddle to test with. Note the timestamp difference being 1 second less than 2 full days.

How to view instagram profile picture in full-size?

replace "150x150" with 720x720 and remove /vp/ from the should work.

How do I style appcompat-v7 Toolbar like Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar?

The cleanest way I found to do this is create a child of 'ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar'. In the example, I set the Toolbar's background color to RED and text's color to BLUE.

<style name="MyToolbar" parent="ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar">
    <item name="android:background">#FF0000</item>
    <item name="android:textColorPrimary">#0000FF</item>

You can then apply your theme to the toolbar:


Printing all variables value from a class

When accessing the field value, pass the instance rather than null.

Why not use code generation here? Eclipse, for example, will generate a reasoble toString implementation for you.

how to activate a textbox if I select an other option in drop down box


<select id = 'color2'
        name = 'color'
        onchange = "if ($('#color2').val() == 'others') {
                    } else {
  <option value="red">RED</option>
  <option value="blue">BLUE</option>
  <option value="others">others</option>

<input type = 'text'
       name = 'color'
       id = 'color' />

edit: requires JQuery plugin

Powershell: How can I stop errors from being displayed in a script?

Windows PowerShell provides two mechanisms for reporting errors: one mechanism for terminating errors and another mechanism for non-terminating errors.

Internal CmdLets code can call a ThrowTerminatingError method when an error occurs that does not or should not allow the cmdlet to continue to process its input objects. The script writter can them use exception to catch these error.

EX :

  Your database code
  Error reporting/logging

Internal CmdLets code can call a WriteError method to report non-terminating errors when the cmdlet can continue processing the input objects. The script writer can then use -ErrorAction option to hide the messages, or use the $ErrorActionPreference to setup the entire script behaviour.

how to create insert new nodes in JsonNode?

These methods are in ObjectNode: the division is such that most read operations are included in JsonNode, but mutations in ObjectNode and ArrayNode.

Note that you can just change first line to be:

ObjectNode jNode = mapper.createObjectNode();
// version ObjectMapper has should return ObjectNode type


ObjectNode jNode = (ObjectNode) objectCodec.createObjectNode();
// ObjectCodec is in core part, must be of type JsonNode so need cast

CASE (Contains) rather than equal statement

CASE WHEN ', ' + dbo.Table.Column +',' LIKE '%, lactulose,%' 
  THEN 'BP Medication' ELSE '' END AS [BP Medication]

The leading ', ' and trailing ',' are added so that you can handle the match regardless of where it is in the string (first entry, last entry, or anywhere in between).

That said, why are you storing data you want to search on as a comma-separated string? This violates all kinds of forms and best practices. You should consider normalizing your schema.

In addition: don't use 'single quotes' as identifier delimiters; this syntax is deprecated. Use [square brackets] (preferred) or "double quotes" if you must. See "string literals as column aliases" here:

EDIT If you have multiple values, you can do this (you can't short-hand this with the other CASE syntax variant or by using something like IN()):

  WHEN ', ' + dbo.Table.Column +',' LIKE '%, lactulose,%' 
  WHEN ', ' + dbo.Table.Column +',' LIKE '%, amlodipine,%' 
  THEN 'BP Medication' ELSE '' END AS [BP Medication]

If you have more values, it might be worthwhile to use a split function, e.g.

USE tempdb;

       ( SELECT Item = x.i.value('(./text())[1]', 'nvarchar(max)')
         FROM ( SELECT [XML] = CONVERT(XML, '<i>'
         + REPLACE(@List,',', '</i><i>') + '</i>').query('.')
           ) AS a CROSS APPLY [XML].nodes('i') AS x(i) ) AS y

CREATE TABLE dbo.[Table](ID INT, [Column] VARCHAR(255));

(1,'lactulose, Lasix (furosemide), oxazepam, propranolol, rabeprazole, sertraline,'),
(2,'lactulite, Lasix (furosemide), lactulose, propranolol, rabeprazole, sertraline,'),
(3,'lactulite, Lasix (furosemide), oxazepam, propranolol, rabeprazole, sertraline,'),
(4,'lactulite, Lasix (furosemide), lactulose, amlodipine, rabeprazole, sertraline,');

  FROM dbo.[Table] AS t
  INNER JOIN dbo.SplitStrings('lactulose,amlodipine') AS s
  ON ', ' + t.[Column] + ',' LIKE '%, ' + s.Item + ',%'



WARNING: UNPROTECTED PRIVATE KEY FILE! when trying to SSH into Amazon EC2 Instance

I also got the same issue, but I fix it by changing my key file permission to 600.

sudo chmod 600 /path/to/my/key.pem

Link :

ECONNREFUSED error when connecting to mongodb from node.js

sometimes you need to check the rightfulness of the IP, firewall, port forwarding, etc, if your target database is in other machines.

PowerShell on Windows 7: Set-ExecutionPolicy for regular users

If you (or a helpful admin) runs Set-ExecutionPolicy as administrator, the policy will be set for all users. (I would suggest "remoteSigned" rather than "unrestricted" as a safety measure.)

NB.: On a 64-bit OS you need to run Set-ExecutionPolicy for 32-bit and 64-bit PowerShell separately.

Remote origin already exists on 'git push' to a new repository

You can simply edit your configuration file in a text editor.

In the ~/.gitconfig you need to put in something like the following:

        name  = Uzumaki Naruto
        email = [email protected]

        user = myname
        token = ff44ff8da195fee471eed6543b53f1ff

In the oldrep/.git/config file (in the configuration file of your repository):

[remote "github"]
        url = [email protected]:myname/oldrep.git
        push  = +refs/heads/*:refs/heads/*
        push  = +refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*

If there is a remote section in your repository's configuration file, and the URL matches, you need only to add push configuration. If you use a public URL for fetching, you can put in the URL for pushing as 'pushurl' (warning: this requires the just-released Git version 1.6.4).

How to make an ImageView with rounded corners?

You can try this library - RoundedImageView

It is:

A fast ImageView that supports rounded corners, ovals, and circles. A full superset of CircleImageView.

I've used it in my project, and it is very easy.

WPF: ItemsControl with scrollbar (ScrollViewer)

You have to modify the control template instead of ItemsPanelTemplate:

<ItemsControl >
            <ScrollViewer x:Name="ScrollViewer" Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}">
                <ItemsPresenter />

Maybe, your code does not working because StackPanel has own scrolling functionality. Try to use StackPanel.CanVerticallyScroll property.

CSS styling in Django forms

There is a very easy to install and great tool made for Django that I use for styling and it can be used for every frontend framework like Bootstrap, Materialize, Foundation, etc. It is called widget-tweaks Documentation: Widget Tweaks

  1. You can use it with Django's generic views
  2. Or with your own forms:

from django import forms

class ContactForm(forms.Form):
    subject = forms.CharField(max_length=100)
    email = forms.EmailField(required=False)
    message = forms.CharField(widget=forms.Textarea)

Instead of using default:

{{ form.as_p }} or {{ form.as_ul }}

You can edit it your own way using the render_field attribute that gives you a more html-like way of styling it like this example:


{% load widget_tweaks %}

<div class="container">
   <div class="col-md-4">
      {% render_field form.subject class+="form-control myCSSclass" placeholder="Enter your subject here" %}
   <div class="col-md-4">
      {% render_field type="email" class+="myCSSclassX myCSSclass2" %}
   <div class="col-md-4">
      {% render_field form.message class+="myCSSclass" rows="4" cols="6" placeholder=form.message.label %}

This library gives you the opportunity to have well separated yout front end from your backend

Export query result to .csv file in SQL Server 2008

If the database in question is local, the following is probably the most robust way to export a query result to a CSV file (that is, giving you the most control).

  1. Copy the query.
  2. In Object Explorer right-click on the database in question.
  3. Select "Tasks" >> "Export Data..."
  4. Configure your datasource, and click "Next".
  5. Choose "Flat File" or "Microsoft Excel" as destination.
  6. Specify a file path.
  7. If working with a flat file, configure as desired. If working with Microsoft Excel, select "Excel 2007" (previous versions have a row limit at 64k)
  8. Select "Write a query to specify the data to transfer"
  9. Paste query from Step 1.
  10. Click next >> review mappings >> click next >> select "run immediately" >> click "finish" twice.

After going through this process exhaustively, I found the following to be the best option

PowerShell Script

$AttachmentPath = "c:\\export.csv"
$QueryFmt= @"

Invoke-Sqlcmd   -ServerInstance **SERVER_NAME_WITHOUT_STARS** -Database  $dbname -Query $QueryFmt | Export-CSV $AttachmentPath -NoTypeInformation

Run PowerShell as Admin

& "c:\path_to_your_ps1_file.ps1"

How do I concatenate two strings in Java?

You can concatenate Strings using the + operator:

String a="hello ";
String b="world.";


hello world.

That's it

Insert line at middle of file with Python?

You can just read the data into a list and insert the new record where you want.

names = []
with open('names.txt', 'r+') as fd:
    for line in fd:
        names.append(line.split(' ')[-1].strip())

    names.insert(2, "Charlie") # element 2 will be 3. in your list

    for i in xrange(len(names)):
        fd.write("%d. %s\n" %(i + 1, names[i]))

How do you clone an Array of Objects in Javascript?

If you only need a shallow clone, the best way to do this clone is as follows:

Using the ... ES6 spread operator.

Here's the most simple Example:

var clonedObjArray = [...oldObjArray];

This way we spread the array into individual values and put it in a new array with the [] operator.

Here's a longer example that shows the different ways it works:

let objArray = [ {a:1} , {b:2} ];

let refArray = objArray; // this will just point to the objArray
let clonedArray = [...objArray]; // will clone the array

console.log( "before:" );
console.log( "obj array" , objArray );
console.log( "ref array" , refArray );
console.log( "cloned array" , clonedArray );

objArray[0] = {c:3};

console.log( "after:" );
console.log( "obj array" , objArray ); // [ {c:3} , {b:2} ]
console.log( "ref array" , refArray ); // [ {c:3} , {b:2} ]
console.log( "cloned array" , clonedArray ); // [ {a:1} , {b:2} ]

what is the size of an enum type data in C++?

The size is four bytes because the enum is stored as an int. With only 12 values, you really only need 4 bits, but 32 bit machines process 32 bit quantities more efficiently than smaller quantities.

0 0 0 0  January
0 0 0 1  February
0 0 1 0  March
0 0 1 1  April
0 1 0 0  May
0 1 0 1  June
0 1 1 0  July
0 1 1 1  August
1 0 0 0  September
1 0 0 1  October
1 0 1 0  November
1 0 1 1  December
1 1 0 0  ** unused **
1 1 0 1  ** unused **
1 1 1 0  ** unused **
1 1 1 1  ** unused **

Without enums, you might be tempted to use raw integers to represent the months. That would work and be efficient, but it would make your code hard to read. With enums, you get efficient storage and readability.

How to run multiple sites on one apache instance

Yes with Virtual Host you can have as many parallel programs as you want:



Listen 81
Listen 82
Listen 83

<VirtualHost *:81>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    DocumentRoot /var/www/site1/html
    ErrorLog logs/site1-error_log
    CustomLog logs/site1-access_log common
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/site1/cgi-bin/"

<VirtualHost *:82>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    DocumentRoot /var/www/site2/html
    ErrorLog logs/site2-error_log
    CustomLog logs/site2-access_log common
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/site2/cgi-bin/"

<VirtualHost *:83>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    DocumentRoot /var/www/site3/html
    ErrorLog logs/site3-error_log
    CustomLog logs/site3-access_log common
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/site3/cgi-bin/"

Restart apache

service httpd restart

You can now refer Site1 :


Site2 :


Site3 :


If path is not hardcoded in any script then your websites should work seamlessly.

Adding event listeners to dynamically added elements using jQuery

$(document).on('click', 'selector', handler);

Where click is an event name, and handler is an event handler, like reference to a function or anonymous function function() {}

PS: if you know the particular node you're adding dynamic elements to - you could specify it instead of document.

Debian 8 (Live-CD) what is the standard login and password?

I am using Debian 8 live off a USB. I was locked out of the system after 10 min of inactivity. The password that was required to log back in to the system for the user was:

login : Debian Live User
password : live

I hope this helps

querySelectorAll with multiple conditions

According to the documentation, just like with any css selector, you can specify as many conditions as you want, and they are treated as logical 'OR'.

This example returns a list of all div elements within the document with a class of either "note" or "alert":

var matches = document.querySelectorAll("div.note, div.alert");


Meanwhile to get the 'AND' functionality you can for example simply use a multiattribute selector, as jquery says:

ex. "input[id][name$='man']" specifies both id and name of the element and both conditions must be met. For classes it's as obvious as ".class1.class2" to require object of 2 classes.

All possible combinations of both are valid, so you can easily get equivalent of more sophisticated 'OR' and 'AND' expressions.

How to load/edit/run/save text files (.py) into an IPython notebook cell?

I have found it satisfactory to use ls and cd within ipython notebook to find the file. Then type cat your_file_name into the cell, and you'll get back the contents of the file, which you can then paste into the cell as code.

How can I pass selected row to commandLink inside dataTable or ui:repeat?

In my view page:

<p:dataTable  ...>
<p:commandLink actionListener="#{inquirySOController.viewDetail}" 
               process="@this" update=":mainform:dialog_content"
    <h:graphicImage library="images" name="view.png"/>
    <f:param name="trxNo" value="#{['trxNo']}"/>

backing bean

 public void viewDetail(ActionEvent e) {

    String trxNo = getFacesContext().getRequestParameterMap().get("trxNo");

    for (DTO item : list) {
        if (item.get("trxNo").toString().equals(trxNo)) {

Monad in plain English? (For the OOP programmer with no FP background)

I would say the closest OO analogy to monads is the "command pattern".

In the command pattern you wrap an ordinary statement or expression in a command object. The command object expose an execute method which executes the wrapped statement. So statement are turned into first class objects which can passed around and executed at will. Commands can be composed so you can create a program-object by chaining and nesting command-objects.

The commands are executed by a separate object, the invoker. The benefit of using the command pattern (rather than just execute a series of ordinary statements) is that different invokers can apply different logic to how the commands should be executed.

The command pattern could be used to add (or remove) language features which is not supported by the host language. For example, in a hypothetical OO language without exceptions, you could add exception semantics by exposing "try" and "throw" methods to the commands. When a command calls throw, the invoker backtracks through the list (or tree) of commands until the last "try" call. Conversely, you could remove exception semantic from a language (if you believe exceptions are bad) by catching all exceptions thrown by each individual commands, and turning them into error codes which are then passed to the next command.

Even more fancy execution semantics like transactions, non-deterministic execution or continuations can be implemented like this in a language which doesn't support it natively. It is a pretty powerful pattern if you think about it.

Now in reality the command-patterns is not used as a general language feature like this. The overhead of turning each statement into a separate class would lead to an unbearable amount of boilerplate code. But in principle it can be used to solve the same problems as monads are used to solve in fp.

Clicking a button within a form causes page refresh

Just add the FormsModule in the imports array of app.module.ts file, and add import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms'; at the top of this file...this will work.

How do I authenticate a WebClient request?

This helped me to call API that was using cookie authentication. I have passed authorization in header like this:

request.Headers.Set("Authorization", Utility.Helper.ReadCookie("AuthCookie"));

complete code:

// utility method to read the cookie value:
        public static string ReadCookie(string cookieName)
            var cookies = HttpContext.Current.Request.Cookies;
            var cookie = cookies.Get(cookieName);
            if (cookie != null)
                return cookie.Value;
            return null;

// using statements where you are creating your webclient
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;

// WebClient:

var requestUrl = "<API_url>";
var postRequest = new ClassRoom { name = "kushal seth" };

using (var webClient = new WebClient()) {
      JavaScriptSerializer serializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
      byte[] requestData = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(serializer.Serialize(postRequest));
      HttpWebRequest request = WebRequest.Create(requestUrl) as HttpWebRequest;
      request.Method = "POST";
      request.ContentType = "application/json";                        
      request.ContentLength = requestData.Length;
      request.ContentType = "application/json";
      request.Expect = "application/json";
      request.Headers.Set("Authorization", Utility.Helper.ReadCookie("AuthCookie"));
      request.GetRequestStream().Write(requestData, 0, requestData.Length);

      using (var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse()) {
         var reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());
         var objText = reader.ReadToEnd(); // objText will have the value

PHP is not recognized as an internal or external command in command prompt

I also got the following error when I run a command with PHP, I did the solution like that:

  1. From the desktop, right-click the Computer icon.
  2. Choose Properties from the context menu.
  3. Click the Advanced system settings link.
  4. Click Environment Variables. In the section System Variables, find the PATH environment variable and select it. Click Edit. If the PATH environment variable does not exist, click New.
  5. In the Edit System Variable window, Add C:\xampp\php to your PATH Environment Variable.

Very important note: restart command prompt

XML element with attribute and content using JAXB

The correct scheme should be:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema xmlns="" 

<complexType name="sportType">
        <extension base="string">
            <attribute name="type" type="string" />
            <attribute name="gender" type="string" />

<element name="sports">
            <element name="sport" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"
                type="tns:sportType" />

Code generated for SportType will be:


import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessorType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAttribute;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlType;

@XmlType(name = "sportType")
public class SportType {
    protected String value;
    protected String type;
    protected String gender;

    public String getValue() {
        return value;

    public void setValue(String value) {
        this.value = value;

    public String getType() {
    return type;

    public void setType(String value) {
        this.type = value;

    public String getGender() {
        return gender;

    public void setGender(String value) {
        this.gender = value;

How to use vagrant in a proxy environment?

Some Special characters in the password create problem in proxy. Either escape them or avoid having special characters in password.

Compare two Byte Arrays? (Java)

In your example, you have:

if (new BigInteger("1111000011110001", 2).toByteArray() == array)

When dealing with objects, == in java compares reference values. You're checking to see if the reference to the array returned by toByteArray() is the same as the reference held in array, which of course can never be true. In addition, array classes don't override .equals() so the behavior is that of Object.equals() which also only compares the reference values.

To compare the contents of two arrays, static array comparison methods are provided by the Arrays class

byte[] array = new BigInteger("1111000011110001", 2).toByteArray();
byte[] secondArray = new BigInteger("1111000011110001", 2).toByteArray();
if (Arrays.equals(array, secondArray))
    System.out.println("Yup, they're the same!");

Count the number of occurrences of a string in a VARCHAR field?

This is the mysql function using the space technique (tested with mysql 5.0 + 5.5): CREATE FUNCTION count_str( haystack TEXT, needle VARCHAR(32)) RETURNS INTEGER DETERMINISTIC RETURN LENGTH(haystack) - LENGTH( REPLACE ( haystack, needle, space(char_length(needle)-1)) );

How do I compute derivative using Numpy?

I'll throw another method on the pile...

scipy.interpolate's many interpolating splines are capable of providing derivatives. So, using a linear spline (k=1), the derivative of the spline (using the derivative() method) should be equivalent to a forward difference. I'm not entirely sure, but I believe using a cubic spline derivative would be similar to a centered difference derivative since it uses values from before and after to construct the cubic spline.

from scipy.interpolate import InterpolatedUnivariateSpline

# Get a function that evaluates the linear spline at any x
f = InterpolatedUnivariateSpline(x, y, k=1)

# Get a function that evaluates the derivative of the linear spline at any x
dfdx = f.derivative()

# Evaluate the derivative dydx at each x location...
dydx = dfdx(x)

$(this).attr("id") not working

I recommend you to read more about the this keyword.

You cannot expect "this" to select the "select" tag in this case.

What you want to do in this case is use to get the id of select tag.

How do I update Ruby Gems from behind a Proxy (ISA-NTLM)

If behind a proxy, you can navigate to Ruby downloads, click on Download, which will download the specified update ( or Gem ) to a desired location.

Next, via Ruby command line, navigate to the downloaded location by using : pushd [directory]

eg : pushd D:\Setups

then run the following command: gem install [update name] --local

eg: gem install rubygems-update --local.

Tested on Windows 7 with Ruby update version 2.4.1.

To check use following command : ruby -v

How to get public directory?

You can use base_path() to get the base of your application - and then just add your public folder to that:

$path = base_path().'/public';
return File::put($path , $data)

Note: Be very careful about allowing people to upload files into your root of public_html. If they upload their own index.php file, they will take over your site.

How can I check if a view is visible or not in Android?

Or you could simply use


javax.persistence.PersistenceException: No Persistence provider for EntityManager named customerManager

I was also facing the same issue when I was trying to get JPA entity manager configured in Tomcat 8. First I has an issue with the SystemException class not being found and hence the entityManagerFactory was not being created. I removed the hibernate entity manager dependency and then my entityManagerFactory was not able to lookup for the persistence provider. After going thru a lot of research and time got to know that hibernate entity manager is must to lookup for some configuration. Then put back the entity manager jar and then added JTA Api as a dependency and it worked fine.

How to create a zip file in Java

There is another option by using zip4j at

Creating a zip file with single file in it / Adding single file to an existing zip

new ZipFile("").addFile("filename.ext"); Or

new ZipFile("").addFile(new File("filename.ext"));

Creating a zip file with multiple files / Adding multiple files to an existing zip

new ZipFile("").addFiles(Arrays.asList(new File("first_file"), new File("second_file")));

Creating a zip file by adding a folder to it / Adding a folder to an existing zip

new ZipFile("").addFolder(new File("/user/myuser/folder_to_add"));

Creating a zip file from stream / Adding a stream to an existing zip new ZipFile("").addStream(inputStream, new ZipParameters());

Detect Scroll Up & Scroll down in ListView

Store the firstVisibleItem and on the next onScroll check if the new firstVisibleItem is smaller or greater than the previous one.

Example pseudocode (not tested):

int lastVisibleItem = 0;
boolean isScrollingDown = false;

void onScroll(AbsListView view, int firstVisibleItem, int visibleItemCount, int totalItemCount) {
    if (firstVisibleItem > lastVisibleItem) {
        isScrollingDown = true;
    else {
        isScrollingDown = false;
    lastVisibleItem = firstVisibleItem;

Returning first x items from array

array_slice returns a slice of an array

$sliced_array = array_slice($array, 0, 5)

is the code you want in your case to return the first five elements

Python equivalent for HashMap

You need a dict:

my_dict = {'cheese': 'cake'}

Example code (from the docs):

>>> a = dict(one=1, two=2, three=3)
>>> b = {'one': 1, 'two': 2, 'three': 3}
>>> c = dict(zip(['one', 'two', 'three'], [1, 2, 3]))
>>> d = dict([('two', 2), ('one', 1), ('three', 3)])
>>> e = dict({'three': 3, 'one': 1, 'two': 2})
>>> a == b == c == d == e

You can read more about dictionaries here.

Reading integers from binary file in Python

When you read from a binary file, a data type called bytes is used. This is a bit like list or tuple, except it can only store integers from 0 to 255.


file_size =
file_size0 = file_size[0]
file_size1 = file_size[1]
file_size2 = file_size[2]
file_size3 = file_size[3]


file_size = list(

Instead of:

file_size = int(

How do you pass a function as a parameter in C?

I am gonna explain with a simple example code which takes a compare function as parameter to another sorting function. Lets say I have a bubble sort function that takes a custom compare function and uses it instead of a fixed if statement.

Compare Function

bool compare(int a, int b) {
    return a > b;

Now , the Bubble sort that takes another function as its parameter to perform comparison

Bubble sort function

void bubble_sort(int arr[], int n, bool (&cmp)(int a, int b)) {

    for (int i = 0;i < n - 1;i++) {
        for (int j = 0;j < (n - 1 - i);j++) {
            if (cmp(arr[j], arr[j + 1])) {
                swap(arr[j], arr[j + 1]);

Finally , the main which calls the Bubble sort function by passing the boolean compare function as argument.

int main()
    int i, n = 10, key = 11;
    int arr[10] = { 20, 22, 18, 8, 12, 3, 6, 12, 11, 15 };

    bubble_sort(arr, n, compare);
    cout<<"Sorted Order"<<endl;
    for (int i = 0;i < n;i++) {
        cout << arr[i] << " ";


Sorted Order
3 6 8 11 12 12 15 18 20 22

Java Convert GMT/UTC to Local time doesn't work as expected

I am joining the choir recommending that you skip the now long outdated classes Date, Calendar, SimpleDateFormat and friends. In particular I would warn against using the deprecated methods and constructors of the Date class, like the Date(String) constructor you used. They were deprecated because they don’t work reliably across time zones, so don’t use them. And yes, most of the constructors and methods of that class are deprecated.

While at the time you asked the question, Joda-Time was (from all I know) a clearly better alternative, time has moved on again. Today Joda-Time is a largely finished project, and its developers recommend you use java.time, the modern Java date and time API, instead. I will show you how.

    ZonedDateTime localTime =;

    // Convert Local Time to UTC 
    OffsetDateTime gmtTime
            = localTime.toOffsetDateTime().withOffsetSameInstant(ZoneOffset.UTC);
    System.out.println("Local:" + localTime.toString() 
            + " --> UTC time:" + gmtTime.toString());

    // Reverse Convert UTC Time to Local time
    localTime = gmtTime.atZoneSameInstant(ZoneId.systemDefault());
    System.out.println("Local Time " + localTime.toString());

For starters, note that not only is the code only half as long as yours, it is also clearer to read.

On my computer the code prints:

Local:2017-09-02T07:25:46.211+02:00[Europe/Berlin] --> UTC time:2017-09-02T05:25:46.211Z
Local Time 2017-09-02T07:25:46.211+02:00[Europe/Berlin]

I left out the milliseconds from the epoch. You can always get them from System.currentTimeMillis(); as in your question, and they are independent of time zone, so I didn’t find them intersting here.

I hesitatingly kept your variable name localTime. I think it’s a good name. The modern API has a class called LocalTime, so using that name, only not capitalized, for an object that hasn’t got type LocalTime might confuse some (a LocalTime doesn’t hold time zone information, which we need to keep here to be able to make the right conversion; it also only holds the time-of-day, not the date).

Your conversion from local time to UTC was incorrect and impossible

The outdated Date class doesn’t hold any time zone information (you may say that internally it always uses UTC), so there is no such thing as converting a Date from one time zone to another. When I just ran your code on my computer, the first line it printed, was:

Local:Sat Sep 02 07:25:45 CEST 2017,1504329945967 --> UTC time:Sat Sep 02 05:25:45 CEST 2017-1504322745000

07:25:45 CEST is correct, of course. The correct UTC time would have been 05:25:45 UTC, but it says CEST again, which is incorrect.

Now you will never need the Date class again, :-) but if you were ever going to, the must-read would be All about java.util.Date on Jon Skeet’s coding blog.

Question: Can I use the modern API with my Java version?

If using at least Java 6, you can.

  • In Java 8 and later the new API comes built-in.
  • In Java 6 and 7 get the ThreeTen Backport, the backport of the new classes (that’s ThreeTen for JSR-310, where the modern API was first defined).
  • On Android, use the Android edition of ThreeTen Backport. It’s called ThreeTenABP, and I think that there’s a wonderful explanation in this question: How to use ThreeTenABP in Android Project.

jQuery vs document.querySelectorAll

as the official site says: "jQuery: The Write Less, Do More, JavaScript Library"

try to translate the following jQuery code without any library


Changing an AIX password via script?

Use GNU passwd stdin flag.

From the man page:

          This option is used to indicate that passwd should read the new password from standard input, which can be a pipe.

NOTE: Only for root user.


$ adduser foo 
$ echo "NewPass" |passwd foo --stdin
Changing password for user foo.
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

Alternatively you can use expect, this simple code will do the trick:

spawn passwd foo
expect "password:"
send "Xcv15kl\r"
expect "Retype new password:"
send "Xcv15kl\r"


$ ./passwd.xp 
spawn passwd foo
Changing password for user foo.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

Web Service vs WCF Service

The major difference is time-out, WCF Service has timed-out when there is no response, but web-service does not have this property.

correct way to define class variables in Python

I think this sample explains the difference between the styles:

#!/usr/bin/env python

class MyClass:
    element1 = "Hello"

    def __init__(self):
        self.element2 = "World"

obj = MyClass()

print dir(MyClass)
print "--"
print dir(obj)
print "--"
print obj.element1 
print obj.element2
print MyClass.element1 + " " + MyClass.element2
['__doc__', '__init__', '__module__', 'element1']
['__doc__', '__init__', '__module__', 'element1', 'element2']
Hello World
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "./", line 17, in <module>
    print MyClass.element2
AttributeError: class MyClass has no attribute 'element2'

element1 is bound to the class, element2 is bound to an instance of the class.

How to increase editor font size?


Authenticate Jenkins CI for Github private repository

Another option is to use GitHub personal access tokens:

  • Go to
  • Add repo scope
  • In Jenkins, add a GitHub source
  • Use Repository HTTPS URL
  • Add the HTTPS URL of the git repo (not the SSH one, eg.
  • Add credential
    • Kind: Username with Password
    • Username: the GitHub username
    • Password: the personal access token you created on GitHub
    • ID: something like github-token-for-my-username

I tested this on Jenkins ver. 2.222.1 and Jenkins GitHub plugin 1.29.5 with a private GitHub repo.

Alternating Row Colors in Bootstrap 3 - No Table

Since you are using bootstrap and you want alternating row colors for every screen sizes you need to write separate style rules for all the screen sizes.

/* For small screen */
.row :nth-child(even){
  background-color: #dcdcdc;
.row :nth-child(odd){
  background-color: #aaaaaa;

/* For medium screen */    
@media (min-width: 768px) {
    .row :nth-child(4n), .row :nth-child(4n-1) {
        background: #dcdcdc;
    .row :nth-child(4n-2), .row :nth-child(4n-3) {
        background: #aaaaaa;

/* For large screen */
@media (min-width: 992px) {
    .row :nth-child(6n), .row :nth-child(6n-1), .row :nth-child(6n-2) {
        background: #dcdcdc;
    .row :nth-child(6n-3), .row :nth-child(6n-4), .row :nth-child(6n-5) {
        background: #aaaaaa;

Working FIDDLE
I have also included the bootstrap CSS here.

How to make Apache serve index.php instead of index.html?

As others have noted, most likely you don't have .html set up to handle php code.

Having said that, if all you're doing is using index.html to include index.php, your question should probably be 'how do I use index.php as index document?

In which case, for Apache (httpd.conf), search for DirectoryIndex and replace the line with this (will only work if you have dir_module enabled, but that's default on most installs):

DirectoryIndex index.php

If you use other directory indexes, list them in order of preference i.e.

DirectoryIndex index.php index.phtml index.html index.htm

Java better way to delete file if exists

This is my solution:

File f = new File("file.txt");
if(f.exists() && !f.isDirectory()) { 

findAll() in yii


$id =101;
$comments = EmailArchive::model()->findAll(
array("condition"=>"email_id =  $id","order"=>"id"));


$id =101;
$criteria = new CDbCriteria();
$criteria->params = array(':email_id' => $id);
$comments = EmailArchive::model()->findAll($criteria);


$Criteria = new CDbCriteria();
$Criteria->condition = "email_id = $id";
$Products = Product::model()->findAll($Criteria);

PostgreSQL naming conventions

Regarding tables names, case, etc, the prevalent convention is:

  • SQL keywords: UPPER CASE
  • names (identifiers): lower_case_with_underscores

For example:

UPDATE my_table SET name = 5;

This is not written in stone, but the bit about identifiers in lower case is highly recommended, IMO. Postgresql treats identifiers case insensitively when not quoted (it actually folds them to lowercase internally), and case sensitively when quoted; many people are not aware of this idiosyncrasy. Using always lowercase you are safe. Anyway, it's acceptable to use camelCase or PascalCase (or UPPER_CASE), as long as you are consistent: either quote identifiers always or never (and this includes the schema creation!).

I am not aware of many more conventions or style guides. Surrogate keys are normally made from a sequence (usually with the serial macro), it would be convenient to stick to that naming for those sequences if you create them by hand (tablename_colname_seq).

See also some discussion here, here and (for general SQL) here, all with several related links.

Note: Postgresql 10 introduced identity columns as an SQL-compliant replacement for serial.

Returning value from Thread

Using Future described in above answers does the job, but a bit less significantly as f.get(), blocks the thread until it gets the result, which violates concurrency.

Best solution is to use Guava's ListenableFuture. An example :

    ListenableFuture<Void> future = MoreExecutors.listeningDecorator(Executors.newFixedThreadPool(1, new NamedThreadFactory).submit(new Callable<Void>()
        public Void call() throws Exception
    Futures.addCallback(future, new FutureCallback<Long>()
        public void onSuccess(Long result)

        public void onFailure(Throwable t)


Reading local text file into a JavaScript array

Using Node.js

sync mode:

var fs = require("fs");
var text = fs.readFileSync("./mytext.txt");
var textByLine = text.split("\n")

async mode:

var fs = require("fs");
fs.readFile("./mytext.txt", function(text){
    var textByLine = text.split("\n")


As of at least Node 6, readFileSync returns a Buffer, so it must first be converted to a string in order for split to work:

var text = fs.readFileSync("./mytext.txt").toString('utf-8');


var text = fs.readFileSync("./mytext.txt", "utf-8");

Is it possible to modify a registry entry via a .bat/.cmd script?

This is how you can modify registry, without yes or no prompt and don't forget to run as administrator

reg add HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\etc\etc   /v Valuename /t REG_SZ /d valuedata  /f 

Below is a real example to set internet explorer as my default browser

reg add HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Associations\UrlAssociations\https\UserChoice   /v ProgId /t REG_SZ /d IE.HTTPS  /f 

/f Force: Force an update without prompting "Value exists, overwrite Y/N"

/d Data : The actual data to store as a "String", integer etc

/v Value : The value name eg ProgId

/t DataType : REG_SZ (default) | REG_DWORD | REG_EXPAND_SZ | REG_MULTI_SZ

Learn more about Read, Set or Delete registry keys and values, save and restore from a .REG file. from here

LogCat message: The Google Play services resources were not found. Check your project configuration to ensure that the resources are included

I just ran into this problem this morning and seemed very strange since my application was working fine up until today. I was getting the exact same "The Google Play services resources were not found..." message.

I tried opening the regular Google Maps application to see if I could get my location, but it wouldn't find it. Even after waiting 5 minutes, which is more than enough time to normally get a location from even the service provider via cell tower. So I checked Location Services.

Anyway, the problem turned out to be that on my S3 under Location Services -> Google Location Services. It was not checked. The other two location options were checked (VZW Location Services and Standalone GPS Services), but the last one, Google Location Services was not. After turning that on, the regular Google Maps could find my location and my application could find my location and the problem went away.

The error message pops up due to:


when Google Location Services is not enabled.

After doing some more testing it looks like if the current location is null (cannot be determined from all sources) then you will get this error when trying to turn on setMyLocationEnabled.

return query based on date

You probably want to make a range query, for example, all items created after a given date:

db.gpsdatas.find({"createdAt" : { $gte : new ISODate("2012-01-12T20:15:31Z") }});

I'm using $gte (greater than or equals), because this is often used for date-only queries, where the time component is 00:00:00.

If you really want to find a date that equals another date, the syntax would be

db.gpsdatas.find({"createdAt" : new ISODate("2012-01-12T20:15:31Z") });

cmake - find_library - custom library location

Use CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH by adding multiple paths (separated by semicolons and no white spaces). You can set it as an environmental variable to avoid having absolute paths in your cmake configuration files

Notice that cmake will look for config file in any of the following folders where is any of the path in CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH and name is the name of the library you are looking for

<prefix>/                                               (W)
<prefix>/(cmake|CMake)/                                 (W)
<prefix>/<name>*/                                       (W)
<prefix>/<name>*/(cmake|CMake)/                         (W)
<prefix>/(lib/<arch>|lib|share)/cmake/<name>*/          (U)
<prefix>/(lib/<arch>|lib|share)/<name>*/                (U)
<prefix>/(lib/<arch>|lib|share)/<name>*/(cmake|CMake)/  (U)

In your case you need to add to CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH the following two paths:


How do I scroll the UIScrollView when the keyboard appears?

Use following extension if you don't want to calculate too much:

func scrollSubviewToBeVisible(subview: UIView, animated: Bool) {
    let visibleFrame = UIEdgeInsetsInsetRect(self.bounds, self.contentInset)
    let subviewFrame = subview.convertRect(subview.bounds, toView: self)
    if (!CGRectContainsRect(visibleFrame, subviewFrame)) {
        self.scrollRectToVisible(subviewFrame, animated: animated)

And maybe you want keep your UITextField always visible:

func textViewDidChange(textView: UITextView) {
    self.scrollView?.scrollSubviewToBeVisible(textView, animated: false)

How do I use Apache tomcat 7 built in Host Manager gui?

Tomcat 8:

The following worked for me with tomcat 8.

Add these lines to apache-tomcat-8.0.9/conf/tomcat-users.xml

For Manager:

<role rolename="manager-gui"/>
<user username="admin" password="pass" roles="manager-gui"/>

For Host Manager:

<role rolename="admin-gui"/>
<user username="admin" password="pass" roles="admin-gui"/>

How to download a file from my server using SSH (using PuTTY on Windows)

try this scp -r -P2222 [email protected]:/home2/kwazy/www/ /Desktop

Another easier option if you're going to be pulling files left and right is to just use an SFTP client like WinSCP. Then you're not typing out 100 characters every time you want to pull something, just drag and drop.

Edit: Just noticed /Desktop probably isn't where you're looking to download the file to. Should be something like C:\Users\you\Desktop

What does the 'Z' mean in Unix timestamp '120314170138Z'?

Yes. 'Z' stands for Zulu time, which is also GMT and UTC.


The UTC time zone is sometimes denoted by the letter Z—a reference to the equivalent nautical time zone (GMT), which has been denoted by a Z since about 1950. The letter also refers to the "zone description" of zero hours, which has been used since 1920 (see time zone history). Since the NATO phonetic alphabet and amateur radio word for Z is "Zulu", UTC is sometimes known as Zulu time.

Technically, because the definition of nautical time zones is based on longitudinal position, the Z time is not exactly identical to the actual GMT time 'zone'. However, since it is primarily used as a reference time, it doesn't matter what area of Earth it applies to as long as everyone uses the same reference.

From wikipedia again,

Around 1950, a letter suffix was added to the zone description, assigning Z to the zero zone, and A–M (except J) to the east and N–Y to the west (J may be assigned to local time in non-nautical applications; zones M and Y have the same clock time but differ by 24 hours: a full day). These were to be vocalized using a phonetic alphabet which pronounces the letter Z as Zulu, leading sometimes to the use of the term "Zulu Time". The Greenwich time zone runs from 7.5°W to 7.5°E longitude, while zone A runs from 7.5°E to 22.5°E longitude, etc.

Changing website favicon dynamically

Here’s some code that works in Firefox, Opera, and Chrome (unlike every other answer posted here). Here is a different demo of code that works in IE11 too. The following example might not work in Safari or Internet Explorer.

 * Dynamically changing favicons with JavaScript
 * Works in all A-grade browsers except Safari and Internet Explorer
 * Demo:

// HTML5™, baby!
document.head = document.head || document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];

function changeFavicon(src) {
 var link = document.createElement('link'),
     oldLink = document.getElementById('dynamic-favicon'); = 'dynamic-favicon';
 link.rel = 'shortcut icon';
 link.href = src;
 if (oldLink) {

You would then use it as follows:

var btn = document.getElementsByTagName('button')[0];
btn.onclick = function() {

Fork away or view a demo.

Convert negative data into positive data in SQL Server

Use the absolute value function ABS. The syntax is

ABS ( numeric_expression )

How to replace four spaces with a tab in Sublime Text 2?

Do a regex "Search" for \t (backslash-t, a tab), and replace with four spaces.

Either the main menu, or lower-right status-bar spacing menu does the same thing, with less work.

Create random list of integers in Python

Firstly, you should use randrange(0,1000) or randint(0,999), not randint(0,1000). The upper limit of randint is inclusive.

For efficiently, randint is simply a wrapper of randrange which calls random, so you should just use random. Also, use xrange as the argument to sample, not range.

You could use

[a for a in sample(xrange(1000),1000) for _ in range(10000/1000)]

to generate 10,000 numbers in the range using sample 10 times.

(Of course this won't beat NumPy.)

$ python2.7 -m timeit -s 'from random import randrange' '[randrange(1000) for _ in xrange(10000)]'
10 loops, best of 3: 26.1 msec per loop

$ python2.7 -m timeit -s 'from random import sample' '[a%1000 for a in sample(xrange(10000),10000)]'
100 loops, best of 3: 18.4 msec per loop

$ python2.7 -m timeit -s 'from random import random' '[int(1000*random()) for _ in xrange(10000)]' 
100 loops, best of 3: 9.24 msec per loop

$ python2.7 -m timeit -s 'from random import sample' '[a for a in sample(xrange(1000),1000) for _ in range(10000/1000)]'
100 loops, best of 3: 3.79 msec per loop

$ python2.7 -m timeit -s 'from random import shuffle
> def samplefull(x):
>   a = range(x)
>   shuffle(a)
>   return a' '[a for a in samplefull(1000) for _ in xrange(10000/1000)]'
100 loops, best of 3: 3.16 msec per loop

$ python2.7 -m timeit -s 'from numpy.random import randint' 'randint(1000, size=10000)'
1000 loops, best of 3: 363 usec per loop

But since you don't care about the distribution of numbers, why not just use:



Set HTTP header for one request

There's a headers parameter in the config object you pass to $http for per-call headers:

$http({method: 'GET', url: '', headers: {
    'Authorization': 'Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ=='}

Or with the shortcut method:

$http.get('', {
    headers: {'Authorization': 'Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ=='}

The list of the valid parameters is available in the $http service documentation.

Make cross-domain ajax JSONP request with jQuery

Concept explained

Are you trying do a cross-domain AJAX call? Meaning, your service is not hosted in your same web application path? Your web-service must support method injection in order to do JSONP.

Your code seems fine and it should work if your web services and your web application hosted in the same domain.

When you do a $.ajax with dataType: 'jsonp' meaning that jQuery is actually adding a new parameter to the query URL.

For instance, if your URL is then jQuery will add ?callback={some_random_dynamically_generated_method}.

This method is more kind of a proxy actually attached in window object. This is nothing specific but does look something like this:

window.some_random_dynamically_generated_method = function(actualJsonpData) {
    //here actually has reference to the success function mentioned with $.ajax
    //so it just calls the success method like this: 


Your client code seems just fine. However, you have to modify your server-code to wrap your JSON data with a function name that passed with query string. i.e.

If you have reqested with query string


then, your server must response data wrapped like this:

my_callback_method({your json serialized data});

Only one expression can be specified in the select list when the subquery is not introduced with EXISTS

Apart from very good responses here, you could try this as well if you want to use your sub query as is.


1) Select the desired column (Only 1) from your sub query

2) Use where to map the column name


 SELECT count(distinct dNum)
 FROM myDB.dbo.AQ
          FROM         myDB.dbo.AQ
          WHERE     M > 1 and B = 0 
         ) a 

How to create a css rule for all elements except one class?

The negation pseudo-class seems to be what you are looking for.

table:not(.dojoxGrid) {color:red;}

It's not supported by = IE8 though.

How to convert a column number (e.g. 127) into an Excel column (e.g. AA)

..And converted to php:

function GetExcelColumnName($columnNumber) {
    $columnName = '';
    while ($columnNumber > 0) {
        $modulo = ($columnNumber - 1) % 26;
        $columnName = chr(65 + $modulo) . $columnName;
        $columnNumber = (int)(($columnNumber - $modulo) / 26);
    return $columnName;

How to change string into QString?

If compiled with STL compatibility, QString has a static method to convert a std::string to a QString:

std::string str = "abc";
QString qstr = QString::fromStdString(str);

TypeError: 'float' object is not callable

There is an operator missing, likely a *:

-3.7 need_something_here (prof[x])

The "is not callable" occurs because the parenthesis -- and lack of operator which would have switched the parenthesis into precedence operators -- make Python try to call the result of -3.7 (a float) as a function, which is not allowed.

The parenthesis are also not needed in this case, the following may be sufficient/correct:

-3.7 * prof[x]

As Legolas points out, there are other things which may need to be addressed:

2.25 * (1 - math.pow(math.e, (-3.7(prof[x])/2.25))) * (math.e, (0/2.25)))
                                  ^-- op missing
                                                    extra parenthesis --^
               valid but questionable float*tuple --^
                                     expression yields 0.0 always --^

Identifier is undefined

From the update 2 and after narrowing down the problem scope, we can easily find that there is a brace missing at the end of the function addWord. The compiler will never explicitly identify such a syntax error. instead, it will assume that the missing function definition located in some other object file. The linker will complain about it and hence directly will be categorized under one of the broad the error phrases which is identifier is undefined. Reasonably, because with the current syntax the next function definition (in this case is ac_search) will be included under the addWord scope. Hence, it is not a global function anymore. And that is why compiler will not see this function outside addWord and will throw this error message stating that there is no such a function. A very good elaboration about the compiler and the linker can be found in this article

How can I clear the terminal in Visual Studio Code?

To permanently delete the previous commands, use this

  1. Set-PSReadlineOption -HistoryNoDuplicates

  2. Remove-Item (Get-PSReadlineOption).HistorySavePath

  3. Alt-f7

What is the scope of variables in JavaScript?

The idea of scoping in JavaScript when originally designed by Brendan Eich came from the HyperCard scripting language HyperTalk.

In this language, the displays were done similar to a stack of index cards. There was a master card referred to as the background. It was transparent and can be seen as the bottom card. Any content on this base card was shared with cards placed on top of it. Each card placed on top had its own content which took precedence over the previous card, but still had access to the prior cards if desired.

This is exactly how the JavaScript scoping system is designed. It just has different names. The cards in JavaScript are known as Execution ContextsECMA. Each one of these contexts contains three main parts. A variable environment, a lexical environment, and a this binding. Going back to the cards reference, the lexical environment contains all of the content from prior cards lower in the stack. The current context is at the top of the stack and any content declared there will be stored in the variable environment. The variable environment will take precedence in the case of naming collisions.

The this binding will point to the containing object. Sometimes scopes or execution contexts change without the containing object changing, such as in a declared function where the containing object may be window or a constructor function.

These execution contexts are created any time control is transferred. Control is transferred when code begins to execute, and this is primarily done from function execution.

So that is the technical explanation. In practice, it is important to remember that in JavaScript

  • Scopes are technically "Execution Contexts"
  • Contexts form a stack of environments where variables are stored
  • The top of the stack takes precedence (the bottom being the global context)
  • Each function creates an execution context (but not always a new this binding)

Applying this to one of the previous examples (5. "Closure") on this page, it is possible to follow the stack of execution contexts. In this example there are three contexts in the stack. They are defined by the outer context, the context in the immediately invoked function called by var six, and the context in the returned function inside of var six's immediately invoked function.

i) The outer context. It has a variable environment of a = 1
ii) The IIFE context, it has a lexical environment of a = 1, but a variable environment of a = 6 which takes precedence in the stack
iii) The returned function context, it has a lexical environment of a = 6 and that is the value referenced in the alert when called.

enter image description here

UnicodeEncodeError: 'charmap' codec can't encode - character maps to <undefined>, print function

For debugging purposes, you could use print(repr(data)).

To display text, always print Unicode. Don't hardcode the character encoding of your environment such as Cp850 inside your script. To decode the HTTP response, see A good way to get the charset/encoding of an HTTP response in Python.

To print Unicode to Windows console, you could use win-unicode-console package.

Java for loop syntax: "for (T obj : objects)"

Yes, It is called the for-each loop. Objects in the collectionName will be assigned one after one from the beginning of that collection, to the created object reference, 'objectName'. So in each iteration of the loop, the 'objectName' will be assigned an object from the 'collectionName' collection. The loop will terminate once when all the items(objects) of the 'collectionName' Collection have finished been assigning or simply the objects to get are over.

for (ObjectType objectName : collectionName.getObjects()){ //loop body> //You can use the 'objectName' here as needed and different objects will be //reepresented by it in each iteration. }

Setting Oracle 11g Session Timeout

I came to this question looking for a way to enable oracle session pool expiration based on total session lifetime instead of idle time. Another goal is to avoid force closes unexpected to application.

It seems it's possible by setting pool validation query to

select 1 from V$SESSION 
where AUDSID = userenv('SESSIONID') and sysdate-LOGON_TIME < 30/24/60

This would close sessions aging over 30 minutes in predictable manner that doesn't affect application.

PHP prepend leading zero before single digit number, on-the-fly

You can use str_pad for adding 0's

str_pad($month, 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT); 

string str_pad ( string $input , int $pad_length [, string $pad_string = " " [, int $pad_type = STR_PAD_RIGHT ]] )

MSVCP120d.dll missing

I downloaded msvcr120d.dll and msvcp120d.dll for 32-bit version and then, I put them into Debug folder of my project. It worked well. (My computer is 64-bit version)

How to delete specific columns with VBA?

To answer the question How to delete specific columns in vba for excel. I use Array as below.

sub del_col()

dim myarray as variant
dim i as integer

myarray = Array(10, 9, 8)'Descending to Ascending
For i = LBound(myarray) To UBound(myarray)
Next i

end sub

What do "branch", "tag" and "trunk" mean in Subversion repositories?

I found this great tutorial regarding SVN when I was looking up the website of the author of the OpenCV 2 Computer Vision Application Programming Cookbook and I thought I should share.

He has a tutorial on how to use SVN and what the phrases 'trunk', 'tag' and 'branch' mean.

Cited directly from his tutorial:

The current version of your software project, on which your team is currently working is usually located under a directory called trunk. As the project evolves, the developer updates that version fix bugs, add new features) and submit his changes under that directory.

At any given point in time, you may want to freeze a version and capture a snapshot of the software as it is at this stage of the development. This generally corresponds to the official versions of your software, for example, the ones you will deliver to your clients. These snapshots are located under the tags directory of your project.

Finally, it is often useful to create, at some point, a new line of development for your software. This happens, for example, when you wish to test an alternative implementation in which you have to modify your software but you do not want to submit these changes to the main project until you decide if you adopt the new solution. The main team can then continue to work on the project while other developer work on the prototype. You would put these new lines of development of the project under a directory called branches.

Double decimal formatting in Java

double d = 4.0;
DecimalFormat nf = DecimalFormat.getInstance(Locale.ENGLISH);

CreateProcess error=2, The system cannot find the file specified

I used ProcessBuilder but had the same issue. The issue was with using command as one String line (like I would type it in cmd) instead of String array. In example from above. If I ran

ProcessBuilder pb = new ProcessBuilder("C:/Program Files/WinRAR/winrar x myjar.jar *.* new"); File("H:/"));
pb. redirectErrorStream(true);

Process p = pb.start();

I got an error. But if I ran

ProcessBuilder pb = new ProcessBuilder("C:/Program Files/WinRAR/winrar", "x", "myjar.jar", "*.*", "new"); File("H:/"));
pb. redirectErrorStream(true);

Process p = pb.start();

everything was OK.

How to put php inside JavaScript?

The only proper way to put server side data into generated javascript code:

<?php $jsString= 'testing'; ?>
    <script type="text/javascript">      
      var jsStringFromPhp=<?php echo json_encode($jsString); ?>;

With simple quotes the content of your variable is not escaped against HTML and javascript, so it is vulnerable by XSS attacks...

For similar reasons I recommend to use document.createTextNode() instead of setting the innerHTML. Ofc. it is slower, but more secure...

Why am I getting the message, "fatal: This operation must be run in a work tree?"

I had this issue, because .git/config contained worktree = D:/git-repositories/OldName. I just changed it into worktree = D:/git-repositories/NewName

I discovered that, because I used git gui, which showed a more detailed error message:

git gui error

Why does the order in which libraries are linked sometimes cause errors in GCC?

If you add -Wl,--start-group to the linker flags it does not care which order they're in or if there are circular dependencies.

On Qt this means adding:

QMAKE_LFLAGS += -Wl,--start-group

Saves loads of time messing about and it doesn't seem to slow down linking much (which takes far less time than compilation anyway).

Relative paths based on file location instead of current working directory

Just one line will be OK.

cat "`dirname $0`"/../some.txt

When using a Settings.settings file in .NET, where is the config actually stored?

Here is the snippet you can use to programmatically get user.config file location:

public static string GetDefaultExeConfigPath(ConfigurationUserLevel userLevel)
    var UserConfig = ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(userLevel);
    return UserConfig.FilePath;
  catch (ConfigurationException e)
    return e.Filename;

ApplicationSettings (i.e. settings.settings) use PerUserRoamingAndLocal for user settings by default (as I remembered).

Update: Strange but there are too many incorrect answers here. If you are looking for you user scoped settings file (user.config) it will be located in the following folder (for Windows XP):

C:\Documents and Settings\(username)\Local Settings\Application Data\(company-name-if-exists)\(app-name).exe_(Url|StrongName)_(hash)\(app-version)\

Url or StrongName depends on have you application assembly strong name or not.

ASP.NET MVC Page Won't Load and says "The resource cannot be found"

You should carefully review your Route Values.

   "Default", // Route name
   "{controller}/{action}/{id}", // URL with parameters
   new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional } 

In this case, ensure you have your Controller 'Home' as the application will fail to load if there is no HomeController with Index Action. In My case I had HomesController and I missed the 's' infront of the Home. I Fixed the Name mismatch and this resolved the issue on both my local environment and on my server.

Start/Stop and Restart Jenkins service on Windows

To Start Jenkins through Command Line

  1. Run CMD with admin

  2. You can run following commands

    "net start servicename" to start

    "net restart servicename" to restart

    "net stop servicename" to stop service

for more reference

static linking only some libraries

gcc objectfiles -o program -Wl,-Bstatic -ls1 -ls2 -Wl,-Bdynamic -ld1 -ld2

you can also use: -static-libgcc -static-libstdc++ flags for gcc libraries

keep in mind that if and libs1.a both exists, the linker will pick if it's before -Wl,-Bstatic or after -Wl,-Bdynamic. Don't forget to pass -L/libs1-library-location/ before calling -ls1.

Gets byte array from a ByteBuffer in java

Depends what you want to do.

If what you want is to retrieve the bytes that are remaining (between position and limit), then what you have will work. You could also just do:

ByteBuffer bb =..

byte[] b = new byte[bb.remaining()];

which is equivalent as per the ByteBuffer javadocs.

ITSAppUsesNonExemptEncryption export compliance while internal testing?

The same error solved like this

enter image description here

    using UnityEngine;
    using System.Collections;
    using UnityEditor.Callbacks;
    using UnityEditor;
    using System;
    using UnityEditor.iOS.Xcode;
    using System.IO;

public class AutoIncrement : MonoBehaviour {

    public static void ChangeXcodePlist(BuildTarget buildTarget, string pathToBuiltProject)

        if (buildTarget == BuildTarget.iOS)

            // Get plist
            string plistPath = pathToBuiltProject + "/Info.plist";
            var plist = new PlistDocument();

            // Get root
            var rootDict = plist.root;

            // Change value of NSCameraUsageDescription in Xcode plist
            var buildKey = "NSCameraUsageDescription";
            rootDict.SetString(buildKey, "Taking screenshots");

            var buildKey2 = "ITSAppUsesNonExemptEncryption";
            rootDict.SetString(buildKey2, "false");

            // Write to file
            File.WriteAllText(plistPath, plist.WriteToString());
    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {


    // Update is called once per frame
    void Update () {


    public static void OnPostprocessBuild(BuildTarget target, string pathToBuiltProject)
        //A new build has happened so lets increase our version number

    // Bump version number in PlayerSettings.bundleVersion
    private static void BumpBundleVersion()
        float versionFloat;

        if (float.TryParse(PlayerSettings.bundleVersion, out versionFloat))
            versionFloat += 0.01f;
            PlayerSettings.bundleVersion = versionFloat.ToString();
    [MenuItem("Leman/Build iOS Development", false, 10)]
    public static void CustomBuild()
        var levels= new String[] { "Assets\\ShootTheBall\\Scenes\\MainScene.unity" };
            "iOS", BuildTarget.iOS, BuildOptions.Development);


how to call service method from ng-change of select in angularjs?

You have at least two issues in your code:

  • ng-change="getScoreData(Score)

    Angular doesn't see getScoreData method that refers to defined service

  • getScoreData: function (Score, callback)

    We don't need to use callback since GET returns promise. Use then instead.

Here is a working example (I used random address only for simulation):


<select ng-model="score"
        ng-options="score as for score in  scores"></select>


var fessmodule = angular.module('myModule', ['ngResource']);

fessmodule.controller('fessCntrl', function($scope, ScoreDataService) {

    $scope.scores = [{
        name: 'Bukit Batok Street 1',
        URL: ', SG, Singapore, 153 Bukit Batok Street 1&sensor=true'
    }, {
        name: 'London 8',
        URL: ', SG, Singapore, London 8&sensor=true'

    $scope.getScoreData = function(score) {
        ScoreDataService.getScoreData(score).then(function(result) {
            $scope.ScoreData = result;
        }, function(result) {
            alert("Error: No data returned");


fessmodule.$inject = ['$scope', 'ScoreDataService'];

fessmodule.factory('ScoreDataService', ['$http', '$q', function($http) {

    var factory = {
        getScoreData: function(score) {
            var data = $http({
                method: 'GET',
                url: score.URL

            return data;
    return factory;

Demo Fiddle

Calculate mean and standard deviation from a vector of samples in C++ using Boost

Improving on the answer by musiphil, you can write a standard deviation function without the temporary vector diff, just using a single inner_product call with the C++11 lambda capabilities:

double stddev(std::vector<double> const & func)
    double mean = std::accumulate(func.begin(), func.end(), 0.0) / func.size();
    double sq_sum = std::inner_product(func.begin(), func.end(), func.begin(), 0.0,
        [](double const & x, double const & y) { return x + y; },
        [mean](double const & x, double const & y) { return (x - mean)*(y - mean); });
    return std::sqrt(sq_sum / func.size());

I suspect doing the subtraction multiple times is cheaper than using up additional intermediate storage, and I think it is more readable, but I haven't tested the performance yet.

package javax.servlet.http does not exist

Got this error on linux because of weird file permissions in tomcat distro. Some files an directories are not readable for other users. I use separate CATALINA_HOME and CATALINA_BASE, so my tomcat is owned by root and is runned by restricted user.

Fixing it like that:

( cd /usr/local/share/tomcat9/ && for file in `find ./ -type d ! -perm -o=r`; do echo "$file"; chmod o+rx "$file"; done && for file in `find ./ ! -perm -o=r`; do echo "$file"; chmod o+r "$file"; done )
for file in `find /usr/local/share/tomcat9/ ! -perm -o=x -name '*.sh'`; do echo "$file"; chmod o+x "$file"; done 

How to pull remote branch from somebody else's repo

The following is a nice expedient solution that works with GitHub for checking out the PR branch from another user's fork. You need to know the pull request ID (which GitHub displays along with the PR title).


Fixing your insecure code #8
alice wants to merge 1 commit into your_repo:master from her_repo:branch

git checkout -b <branch>
git pull origin pull/8/head

Substitute your remote if different from origin.
Substitute 8 with the correct pull request ID.

How to lazy load images in ListView in Android

use below class to download and load images in listview.It caches every images once download. Also loads images ad lazy loading.

package com.fudiyoxpress.images;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.WeakHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.widget.ImageView;

import com.fudiyoxpress.R;
import com.fudiyoxpress.config.Config;
import com.fudiyoxpress.twitter.ScaleBitmap;

public class ImageLoader {

    // Initialize MemoryCache
    MemoryCache memoryCache = new MemoryCache();

    FileCache fileCache;

    Context C;

    // Create Map (collection) to store image and image url in key value pair
    private Map<ImageView, String> imageViews = Collections
            .synchronizedMap(new WeakHashMap<ImageView, String>());
    ExecutorService executorService;

    // handler to display images in UI thread
    Handler handler = new Handler();

    public ImageLoader(Context context) {

        C = context;
        fileCache = new FileCache(context);

        // Creates a thread pool that reuses a fixed number of
        // threads operating off a shared unbounded queue.
        executorService = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(5);


    // default image show in list (Before online image download)
    final int stub_id = R.drawable.restlogoplaceholder;

    public void DisplayImage(String url, ImageView imageView, Context context,
            boolean header_flag) {

        Bitmap largeIcon = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(context.getResources(),
        header_flag = false;
        // Store image and url in Map
        imageViews.put(imageView, url);

        // Check image is stored in MemoryCache Map or not (see
        Bitmap bitmap = memoryCache.get(url);

        if (bitmap != null) {
            // if image is stored in MemoryCache Map then
            // Show image in listview row
            Bitmap b = ScaleBitmap
                    .getScaledBitmap(context, bitmap, header_flag);

        } else {
            // queue Photo to download from url
            queuePhoto(url, imageView, header_flag);

            // Before downloading image show default image
                    largeIcon, header_flag));


    private void queuePhoto(String url, ImageView imageView, boolean header_flag) {
        // Store image and url in PhotoToLoad object
        PhotoToLoad p = new PhotoToLoad(url, imageView, header_flag);

        // pass PhotoToLoad object to PhotosLoader runnable class
        // and submit PhotosLoader runnable to executers to run runnable
        // Submits a PhotosLoader runnable task for execution

        executorService.submit(new PhotosLoader(p));

    // Task for the queue
    private class PhotoToLoad {
        public String url;
        public ImageView imageView;
        public boolean b;

        public PhotoToLoad(String u, ImageView i, boolean header_flag) {
            url = u;
            imageView = i;
            b = header_flag;

    class PhotosLoader implements Runnable {
        PhotoToLoad photoToLoad;

        PhotosLoader(PhotoToLoad photoToLoad) {
            this.photoToLoad = photoToLoad;

        public void run() {
            try {
                // Check if image already downloaded
                if (imageViewReused(photoToLoad))
                // download image from web url
                Bitmap bmp = getBitmap(photoToLoad.url);

                // set image data in Memory Cache
                memoryCache.put(photoToLoad.url, bmp);

                if (imageViewReused(photoToLoad))

                // Get bitmap to display
                BitmapDisplayer bd = new BitmapDisplayer(bmp, photoToLoad);

                // Causes the Runnable bd (BitmapDisplayer) to be added to the
                // message queue.
                // The runnable will be run on the thread to which this handler
                // is attached.
                // BitmapDisplayer run method will call

            } catch (Throwable th) {
                // th.printStackTrace();

    private Bitmap getBitmap(String url) {
        File f = fileCache.getFile(url);

        // from SD cache
        // CHECK : if trying to decode file which not exist in cache return null
        Bitmap b = decodeFile(f);
        if (b != null)
            return b;

        // Download image file from web
        try {

            // // download the image
            Bitmap bitmap = null;

            URL imageURL = null;
            try {

                imageURL = new URL(Config.WEB_URL + "/ServeBlob?id=" + url);

                HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) imageURL
                // if(!(new File(imageURL.toString())).exists())
                // {
                // imageURL=new URL("");
                // }
                InputStream inputStream = connection.getInputStream();

                // Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to
                // file
                // if file not exist then it will create file
                OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(f);

                // See Utils class CopyStream method
                // It will each pixel from input stream and
                // write pixels to output stream (file)
                Utils.CopyStream(inputStream, os);


                BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
                options.inSampleSize = 8;

                bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(inputStream, null, options);

            } catch (IOException e) {

                // e.printStackTrace();

            // Now file created and going to resize file with defined height
            // Decodes image and scales it to reduce memory consumption
            bitmap = decodeFile(f);

            return bitmap;

        } catch (Throwable ex) {
            if (ex instanceof OutOfMemoryError)
            return null;

    // Decodes image and scales it to reduce memory consumption
    private Bitmap decodeFile(File f) {

        try {

            // Decode image size
            BitmapFactory.Options o = new BitmapFactory.Options();
            o.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
            FileInputStream stream1 = new FileInputStream(f);
            BitmapFactory.decodeStream(stream1, null, o);

            // Find the correct scale value. It should be the power of 2.

            // Set width/height of recreated image
            final int REQUIRED_SIZE = 85;

            int width_tmp = o.outWidth, height_tmp = o.outHeight;
            int scale = 1;
            while (true) {
                if (width_tmp / 2 < REQUIRED_SIZE
                        || height_tmp / 2 < REQUIRED_SIZE)
                width_tmp /= 2;
                height_tmp /= 2;
                scale *= 2;

            // decode with current scale values
            BitmapFactory.Options o2 = new BitmapFactory.Options();
            o2.inSampleSize = scale;
            FileInputStream stream2 = new FileInputStream(f);
            Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(stream2, null, o2);
            return bitmap;

        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
        } catch (IOException e) {
        return null;

    boolean imageViewReused(PhotoToLoad photoToLoad) {

        String tag = imageViews.get(photoToLoad.imageView);
        // Check url is already exist in imageViews MAP
        if (tag == null || !tag.equals(photoToLoad.url))
            return true;
        return false;

    // Used to display bitmap in the UI thread
    class BitmapDisplayer implements Runnable {
        Bitmap bitmap;
        PhotoToLoad photoToLoad;

        public BitmapDisplayer(Bitmap b, PhotoToLoad p) {
            bitmap = b;
            photoToLoad = p;

        public void run() {
            if (imageViewReused(photoToLoad))

            // Show bitmap on UI
            if (bitmap != null) {
                        .getScaledBitmap(C, bitmap, photoToLoad.b));
            } else {

            // photoToLoad.imageView.setImageResource(stub_id);


    public void clearCache() {
        // Clear cache directory downloaded images and stored data in maps


package com.fudiyoxpress.images;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import android.util.Log;

public class MemoryCache {

    private static final String TAG = "MemoryCache";

    //Last argument true for LRU ordering
    private Map<String, Bitmap> cache = Collections.synchronizedMap(
            new LinkedHashMap<String, Bitmap>(10,1.5f,true));

   //current allocated size
    private long size=0; 

    //max memory cache folder used to download images in bytes
    private long limit = 1000000; 

    public MemoryCache(){

        //use 25% of available heap size

    public void setLimit(long new_limit){

        Log.i(TAG, "MemoryCache will use up to "+limit/1024./1024.+"MB");

    public Bitmap get(String id){
                return null;
            //NullPointerException sometimes happen here 
            return cache.get(id);
        }catch(NullPointerException ex){
            return null;

    public void put(String id, Bitmap bitmap){
            cache.put(id, bitmap);
        }catch(Throwable th){

    private void checkSize() {
        Log.i(TAG, "cache size="+size+" length="+cache.size());
            Iterator<Entry<String, Bitmap>> iter=cache.entrySet().iterator();//least recently accessed item will be the first one iterated  
                Entry<String, Bitmap>;
            Log.i(TAG, "Clean cache. New size "+cache.size());

    public void clear() {
            //NullPointerException sometimes happen here 
        }catch(NullPointerException ex){

    long getSizeInBytes(Bitmap bitmap) {
            return 0;
        return bitmap.getRowBytes() * bitmap.getHeight();

package com.fudiyoxpress.images;


public class Utils {
    public static void CopyStream(InputStream is, OutputStream os)
        final int buffer_size=1024;

            byte[] bytes=new byte[buffer_size];
              //Read byte from input stream

              int, 0, buffer_size);

              //Write byte from output stream
              os.write(bytes, 0, count);
        catch(Exception ex){}

How to pick a new color for each plotted line within a figure in matplotlib?

I usually use the second one of these:

from matplotlib.pyplot import cm
import numpy as np

#variable n below should be number of curves to plot

#version 1:

for i,c in zip(range(n),color):
   plt.plot(x, y,c=c)

#or version 2:

for i in range(n):
   plt.plot(x, y,c=c)

Example of 2: example plot with iter,next color

Linux cmd to search for a class file among jars irrespective of jar path

Where are you jar files? Is there a pattern to find where they are?

1. Are they all in one directory?

For example, foo/a/a.jar and foo/b/b.jar are all under the folder foo/, in this case, you could use find with grep:

find foo/ -name "*.jar" | xargs grep Hello.class

Sure, at least you can search them under the root directory /, but it will be slow.

As @loganaayahee said, you could also use the command locate. locate search the files with an index, so it will be faster. But the command should be:

locate "*.jar" | xargs grep Hello.class

Since you want to search the content of the jar files.

2. Are the paths stored in an environment variable?

Typically, Java will store the paths to find jar files in an environment variable like CLASS_PATH, I don't know if this is what you want. But if your variable is just like this:CLASS_PATH=/lib:/usr/lib:/bin, which use a : to separate the paths, then you could use this commend to search the class:

for P in `echo $CLASS_PATH | sed 's/:/ /g'`; do grep Hello.calss $P/*.jar; done

What is the iBeacon Bluetooth Profile

It seems to based on advertisement data, particularly the manufacturer data:

4C00 02 15 585CDE931B0142CC9A1325009BEDC65E 0000 0000 C5

<company identifier (2 bytes)> <type (1 byte)> <data length (1 byte)>
    <uuid (16 bytes)> <major (2 bytes)> <minor (2 bytes)> <RSSI @ 1m>
  • Apple Company Identifier (Little Endian), 0x004c
  • data type, 0x02 => iBeacon
  • data length, 0x15 = 21
  • uuid: 585CDE931B0142CC9A1325009BEDC65E
  • major: 0000
  • minor: 0000
  • meaured power at 1 meter: 0xc5 = -59

I have this node.js script working on Linux with the sample AirLocate app example.

How can I control the width of a label tag?

Using the inline-block is better because it doesn't force the remaining elements and/or controls to be drawn in a new line.

label {
  display: inline-block;

How to differ sessions in browser-tabs?

You can use link-rewriting to append a unique identifier to all your URLs when starting at a single page (e.g. index.html/jsp/whatever). The browser will use the same cookies for all your tabs so everything you put in cookies will not be unique.

How to wait for a number of threads to complete?

Avoid the Thread class altogether and instead use the higher abstractions provided in java.util.concurrent

The ExecutorService class provides the method invokeAll that seems to do just what you want.

How to parse freeform street/postal address out of text, and into components

For US Address Parsing,

I prefer using usaddress package that is available in pip for usaddress only

python3 -m pip install usaddress


This worked well for me for US address.

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import sys
from usaddress import tag
from json import dumps, loads

if __name__ == '__main__':
    tag_mapping = {
        'Recipient': 'recipient',
        'AddressNumber': 'addressStreet',
        'AddressNumberPrefix': 'addressStreet',
        'AddressNumberSuffix': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetName': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetNamePreDirectional': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetNamePreModifier': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetNamePreType': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetNamePostDirectional': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetNamePostModifier': 'addressStreet',
        'StreetNamePostType': 'addressStreet',
        'CornerOf': 'addressStreet',
        'IntersectionSeparator': 'addressStreet',
        'LandmarkName': 'addressStreet',
        'USPSBoxGroupID': 'addressStreet',
        'USPSBoxGroupType': 'addressStreet',
        'USPSBoxID': 'addressStreet',
        'USPSBoxType': 'addressStreet',
        'BuildingName': 'addressStreet',
        'OccupancyType': 'addressStreet',
        'OccupancyIdentifier': 'addressStreet',
        'SubaddressIdentifier': 'addressStreet',
        'SubaddressType': 'addressStreet',
        'PlaceName': 'addressCity',
        'StateName': 'addressState',
        'ZipCode': 'addressPostalCode',
        address, _ = tag(' '.join(sys.argv[1:]), tag_mapping=tag_mapping)
        with open('failed_address.txt', 'a') as fp:
            fp.write(sys.argv[1] + '\n')

Running the

 python3 9757 East Arcadia Ave. Saugus MA 01906
 {"addressStreet": "9757 East Arcadia Ave.", "addressCity": "Saugus", "addressState": "MA", "addressPostalCode": "01906"}

How to cast the size_t to double or int C++

You can use Boost numeric_cast.

This throws an exception if the source value is out of range of the destination type, but it doesn't detect loss of precision when converting to double.

Whatever function you use, though, you should decide what you want to happen in the case where the value in the size_t is greater than INT_MAX. If you want to detect it use numeric_cast or write your own code to check. If you somehow know that it cannot possibly happen then you could use static_cast to suppress the warning without the cost of a runtime check, but in most cases the cost doesn't matter anyway.

Python iterating through object attributes


For python 3, you should use items() instead of iteritems()


for attr, value in k.__dict__.iteritems():
        print attr, value


for attr, value in k.__dict__.items():
        print(attr, value)

This will print

'names', [a list with names]
'tweet', [a list with tweet]

How to convert map to url query string?

There's nothing built into java to do this. But, hey, java is a programming language, so.. let's program it!

map.entrySet().stream().map(e -> e.getKey() + "=" + e.getValue()).collect(Collectors.joining("&"))

This gives you "param1=12&param2=cat". Now we need to join the URL and this bit together. You'd think you can just do: URL + "?" + theAbove but if the URL already contains a question mark, you have to join it all together with "&" instead. One way to check is to see if there's a question mark in the URL someplace already.

Also, I don't quite know what is in your map. If it's raw stuff, you probably have to safeguard the call to e.getKey() and e.getValue() with URLEncoder.encode or similar.

Yet another way to go is that you take a wider view. Are you trying to append a map's content to a URL, or... are you trying to make an HTTP(S) request from a java process with the stuff in the map as (additional) HTTP params? In the latter case, you can look into an http library like OkHttp which has some nice APIs to do this job, then you can forego any need to mess about with that URL in the first place.

Importing CSV data using PHP/MySQL

while (($data = fgetcsv($handle, 1000, ",")) !== FALSE) {
    $import="INSERT into importing(text,number)values('".$data[0]."','".$data[1]."')";
    mysql_query($import) or die(mysql_error());

Can't find/install

This worked for me in Luna elementary OS

sudo apt-get install libxtst6:i386

Windows Forms ProgressBar: Easiest way to start/stop marquee?

Use a progress bar with the style set to Marquee. This represents an indeterminate progress bar.

myProgressBar.Style = ProgressBarStyle.Marquee;

You can also use the MarqueeAnimationSpeed property to set how long it will take the little block of color to animate across your progress bar.

Use images instead of radio buttons

$spinTime: 3;
html, body { height: 100%; }
* { user-select: none; }
body {
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: column;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
    font-family: 'Raleway', sans-serif;
    font-size: 72px;
    input {
        display: none;
        + div > span {
            display: inline-block;
            position: relative;
            white-space: nowrap;
            color: rgba(#fff, 0);
            transition: all 0.5s ease-in-out;
            span {
                display: inline-block;
                position: absolute;
                left: 50%;
                text-align: center;
                color: rgba(#000, 1);
                transform: translateX(-50%);
                transform-origin: left;
                transition: all 0.5s ease-in-out;
                &:first-of-type {
                    transform: rotateY(0deg) translateX(-50%);
                &:last-of-type {
                    transform: rotateY(0deg) translateX(0%) scaleX(0.75) skew(23deg,0deg);
        &#fat:checked ~ div > span span {
            &:first-of-type {
                transform: rotateY(0deg) translateX(-50%);
            &:last-of-type {
                transform: rotateY(0deg) translateX(0%) scaleX(0.75) skew(23deg,0deg);
        &#fit:checked ~ div > span {
            margin: 0 -10px;
            span {
                &:first-of-type {
                    transform: rotateY(90deg) translateX(-50%);
                &:last-of-type {
                    transform: rotateY(0deg) translateX(-50%) scaleX(1) skew(0deg,0deg);
        + div + div {
            width: 280px;
            margin-top: 10px;
            label {
                display: block;
                padding: 20px 10px;
                text-align: center;
                transition: all 0.15s ease-in-out;
                background: #fff;
                border-radius: 10px;
                box-sizing: border-box;
                width: 48%;
                font-size: 64px;
                cursor: pointer;
                &:first-child {
                    float: left;
                        inset 0 0 0 4px #1597ff,
                        0 15px 15px -10px rgba(darken(#1597ff, 10%), 0.375);
                &:last-child { float: right; }
        &#fat:checked ~ div + div label {
            &:first-child {
                    inset 0 0 0 4px #1597ff,
                    0 15px 15px -10px rgba(darken(#1597ff, 10%), 0.375);
            &:last-child {
                    inset 0 0 0 0px #1597ff,
                    0 10px 15px -20px rgba(#1597ff, 0);
        &#fit:checked ~ div + div label {
            &:first-child {
                    inset 0 0 0 0px #1597ff,
                    0 10px 15px -20px rgba(#1597ff, 0);
            &:last-child {
                    inset 0 0 0 4px #1597ff,
                    0 15px 15px -10px rgba(darken(#1597ff, 10%), 0.375);

<input type="radio" id="fat" name="fatfit">
<input type="radio" id="fit" name="fatfit">
    GET F<span>A<span>A</span><span>I</span></span>T
    <label for="fat"></label>
    <label for="fit"></label>

What do the return values of Comparable.compareTo mean in Java?

It can be used for sorting, and 0 means "equal" while -1, and 1 means "less" and "more (greater)".

Any return value that is less than 0 means that left operand is lesser, and if value is bigger than 0 then left operand is bigger.

/usr/bin/ld: cannot find

@Alwin Doss You should provide the -L option before -l. You would have done the other way round probably. Try this :)

PHP checkbox set to check based on database value

This simplest ways is to add the "checked attribute.

<label for="tag_1">Tag 1</label>
<input type="checkbox" name="tag_1" id="tag_1" value="yes" 
    <?php if($tag_1_saved_value === 'yes') echo 'checked="checked"';?> />

Splitting a C++ std::string using tokens, e.g. ";"

You could use a string stream and read the elements into the vector.

Here are many different examples...

A copy of one of the examples:

std::vector<std::string> split(const std::string& s, char seperator)
   std::vector<std::string> output;

    std::string::size_type prev_pos = 0, pos = 0;

    while((pos = s.find(seperator, pos)) != std::string::npos)
        std::string substring( s.substr(prev_pos, pos-prev_pos) );


        prev_pos = ++pos;

    output.push_back(s.substr(prev_pos, pos-prev_pos)); // Last word

    return output;

multiprocessing: How do I share a dict among multiple processes?

I'd like to share my own work that is faster than Manager's dict and is simpler and more stable than pyshmht library that uses tons of memory and doesn't work for Mac OS. Though my dict only works for plain strings and is immutable currently. I use linear probing implementation and store keys and values pairs in a separate memory block after the table.

from mmap import mmap
import struct
from timeit import default_timer
from multiprocessing import Manager
from pyshmht import HashTable

class shared_immutable_dict:
    def __init__(self, a):
        self.hs = 1 << (len(a) * 3).bit_length()
        kvp = self.hs * 4
        ht = [0xffffffff] * self.hs
        kvl = []
        for k, v in a.iteritems():
            h = self.hash(k)
            while ht[h] != 0xffffffff:
                h = (h + 1) & (self.hs - 1)
            ht[h] = kvp
            kvp += self.kvlen(k) + self.kvlen(v)

        self.m = mmap(-1, kvp)
        for p in ht:
        for x in kvl:
            if len(x) <= 0x7f:
                self.m.write(uint_format.pack(0x80000000 + len(x)))

    def hash(self, k):
        h = hash(k)
        h = (h + (h >> 3) + (h >> 13) + (h >> 23)) * 1749375391 & (self.hs - 1)
        return h

    def get(self, k, d=None):
        h = self.hash(k)
        while True:
            x = uint_format.unpack(self.m[h * 4:h * 4 + 4])[0]
            if x == 0xffffffff:
                return d
            if k == self.read_kv():
                return self.read_kv()
            h = (h + 1) & (self.hs - 1)

    def read_kv(self):
        sz = ord(self.m.read_byte())
        if sz & 0x80:
            sz = uint_format.unpack(chr(sz) +[0] - 0x80000000

    def kvlen(self, k):
        return len(k) + (1 if len(k) <= 0x7f else 4)

    def __contains__(self, k):
        return self.get(k, None) is not None

    def close(self):

uint_format = struct.Struct('>I')

def uget(a, k, d=None):
    return to_unicode(a.get(to_str(k), d))

def uin(a, k):
    return to_str(k) in a

def to_unicode(s):
    return s.decode('utf-8') if isinstance(s, str) else s

def to_str(s):
    return s.encode('utf-8') if isinstance(s, unicode) else s

def mmap_test():
    n = 1000000
    d = shared_immutable_dict({str(i * 2): '1' for i in xrange(n)})
    start_time = default_timer()
    for i in xrange(n):
        if bool(d.get(str(i))) != (i % 2 == 0):
            raise Exception(i)
    print 'mmap speed: %d gets per sec' % (n / (default_timer() - start_time))

def manager_test():
    n = 100000
    d = Manager().dict({str(i * 2): '1' for i in xrange(n)})
    start_time = default_timer()
    for i in xrange(n):
        if bool(d.get(str(i))) != (i % 2 == 0):
            raise Exception(i)
    print 'manager speed: %d gets per sec' % (n / (default_timer() - start_time))

def shm_test():
    n = 1000000
    d = HashTable('tmp', n)
    d.update({str(i * 2): '1' for i in xrange(n)})
    start_time = default_timer()
    for i in xrange(n):
        if bool(d.get(str(i))) != (i % 2 == 0):
            raise Exception(i)
    print 'shm speed: %d gets per sec' % (n / (default_timer() - start_time))

if __name__ == '__main__':

On my laptop performance results are:

mmap speed: 247288 gets per sec
manager speed: 33792 gets per sec
shm speed: 691332 gets per sec

simple usage example:

ht = shared_immutable_dict({'a': '1', 'b': '2'})
print ht.get('a')

What exactly does the T and Z mean in timestamp?

The T doesn't really stand for anything. It is just the separator that the ISO 8601 combined date-time format requires. You can read it as an abbreviation for Time.

The Z stands for the Zero timezone, as it is offset by 0 from the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Both characters are just static letters in the format, which is why they are not documented by the datetime.strftime() method. You could have used Q or M or Monty Python and the method would have returned them unchanged as well; the method only looks for patterns starting with % to replace those with information from the datetime object.

ng-if, not equal to?

Here is a nifty solution with a filter:

app.filter('status', function() {

  var statusDict = {
    0: "No payment",
    1: "Late",
    2: "Late",
    3: "Some payment made",
    4: "Some payment made",
    5: "Some payment made",
    6: "Late and further taken out"

  return function(status) {
    return statusDict[status] || 'Error';


<div ng-repeat="details in myDataSet">
  <p>{{ details.Name }}</p>
  <p>{{ details.DOB  }}</p>
  <p>{{ details.Payment[0].Status | status }}</p>
  <p>{{ details.Gender}}</p>

How do I create a list of random numbers without duplicates?

A very simple function that also solves your problem

from random import randint

data = []

def unique_rand(inicial, limit, total):

        data = []

        i = 0

        while i < total:
            number = randint(inicial, limit)
            if number not in data:
                i += 1

        return data

data = unique_rand(1, 60, 6)



prints something like 

[34, 45, 2, 36, 25, 32]


How to decompile to java files intellij idea

Some time ago I used JAD (JAva Decompiler) to achieve this - I do not think IntelliJ's decompiler was incorporated with exporting in mind. It is more of a tool to help look through classes where sources are not available.

JAD is still available for download, but I do not think anyone maintains it anymore:

There were numerous plugins for it, namely Jadclipse (you guessed it, a way to use JAD in Eclipse - see decompiled classes where code is not available :)).

How can I loop through a C++ map of maps?

Old question but the remaining answers are outdated as of C++11 - you can use a ranged based for loop and simply do:

std::map<std::string, std::map<std::string, std::string>> mymap;

for(auto const &ent1 : mymap) {
  // ent1.first is the first key
  for(auto const &ent2 : ent1.second) {
    // ent2.first is the second key
    // ent2.second is the data

this should be much cleaner than the earlier versions, and avoids unnecessary copies.

Some favour replacing the comments with explicit definitions of reference variables (which get optimised away if unused):

for(auto const &ent1 : mymap) {
  auto const &outer_key = ent1.first;
  auto const &inner_map = ent1.second;
  for(auto const &ent2 : inner_map) {
    auto const &inner_key   = ent2.first;
    auto const &inner_value = ent2.second;

How can I disable a tab inside a TabControl?

in C# 7.0, there is a new feature called Pattern Matching. You can disable all tabs via Type Pattern.

foreach (Control control in Controls)
    // the is expression tests the variable and 
    // assigned it to a new appropriate variable type
    if (control is TabControl tabs)
        tabs.Enabled = false;

Is it possible to get an Excel document's row count without loading the entire document into memory?

This might be extremely convoluted and I might be missing the obvious, but without OpenPyXL filling in the column_dimensions in Iterable Worksheets (see my comment above), the only way I can see of finding the column size without loading everything is to parse the xml directly:

from xml.etree.ElementTree import iterparse
from openpyxl import load_workbook
wb=load_workbook("/path/to/workbook.xlsx", use_iterators=True)
xml = ws._xml_source

for _,x in iterparse(xml):

    name= x.tag.split("}")[-1]
    if name=="col":
        print "Column %(max)s: Width: %(width)s"%x.attrib # width = x.attrib["width"]

    if name=="cols":
        print "break before reading the rest of the file"

How do I compare two DateTime objects in PHP 5.2.8?

The following seems to confirm that there are comparison operators for the DateTime class:

dev:~# php

$d1 = new DateTime('2008-08-03 14:52:10');
$d2 = new DateTime('2008-01-03 11:11:10');
var_dump($d1 == $d2);
var_dump($d1 > $d2);
var_dump($d1 < $d2);
dev:~# php -v
PHP 5.2.6-1+lenny3 with Suhosin-Patch (cli) (built: Apr 26 2009 20:09:03)
Copyright (c) 1997-2008 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2008 Zend Technologies

What does the keyword Set actually do in VBA?

Off the top of my head, Set is used to assign COM objects to variables. By doing a Set I suspect that under the hood it's doing an AddRef() call on the object to manage it's lifetime.

How to work with string fields in a C struct?

On strings and memory allocation:

A string in C is just a sequence of chars, so you can use char * or a char array wherever you want to use a string data type:

typedef struct     {
  int number;
  char *name;
  char *address;
  char *birthdate;
  char gender;
} patient;

Then you need to allocate memory for the structure itself, and for each of the strings:

patient *createPatient(int number, char *name, 
  char *addr, char *bd, char sex) {

  // Allocate memory for the pointers themselves and other elements
  // in the struct.
  patient *p = malloc(sizeof(struct patient));

  p->number = number; // Scalars (int, char, etc) can simply be copied

  // Must allocate memory for contents of pointers.  Here, strdup()
  // creates a new copy of name.  Another option:
  // p->name = malloc(strlen(name)+1);
  // strcpy(p->name, name);
  p->name = strdup(name);
  p->address = strdup(addr);
  p->birthdate = strdup(bd);
  p->gender = sex;
  return p;

If you'll only need a few patients, you can avoid the memory management at the expense of allocating more memory than you really need:

typedef struct     {
  int number;
  char name[50];       // Declaring an array will allocate the specified
  char address[200];   // amount of memory when the struct is created,
  char birthdate[50];  // but pre-determines the max length and may
  char gender;         // allocate more than you need.
} patient;

On linked lists:

In general, the purpose of a linked list is to prove quick access to an ordered collection of elements. If your llist contains an element called num (which presumably contains the patient number), you need an additional data structure to hold the actual patients themselves, and you'll need to look up the patient number every time.

Instead, if you declare

typedef struct llist
  patient *p;
  struct llist *next;
} list;

then each element contains a direct pointer to a patient structure, and you can access the data like this:

patient *getPatient(list *patients, int num) {
  list *l = patients;
  while (l != NULL) {
    if (l->p->num == num) {
      return l->p;
    l = l->next;
  return NULL;

How to do a join in linq to sql with method syntax?

Justin has correctly shown the expansion in the case where the join is just followed by a select. If you've got something else, it becomes more tricky due to transparent identifiers - the mechanism the C# compiler uses to propagate the scope of both halves of the join.

So to change Justin's example slightly:

var result = from sc in enumerableOfSomeClass
             join soc in enumerableOfSomeOtherClass
             on sc.Property1 equals soc.Property2
             where sc.X + sc.Y == 10
             select new { SomeClass = sc, SomeOtherClass = soc }

would be converted into something like this:

var result = enumerableOfSomeClass
          sc => sc.Property1,
          soc => soc.Property2,
          (sc, soc) => new { sc, soc })
    .Where(z => + == 10)
    .Select(z => new { SomeClass =, SomeOtherClass = z.soc });

The z here is the transparent identifier - but because it's transparent, you can't see it in the original query :)

MySQL error - #1932 - Table 'phpmyadmin.pma user config' doesn't exist in engine

make change in changes in /opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/    

    /* vim: set expandtab sw=4 ts=4 sts=4: */
     * phpMyAdmin sample configuration, you can use it as base for
     * manual configuration. For easier setup you can use setup/
     * All directives are explained in documentation in the doc/ folder
     * or at <>.
     * @package PhpMyAdmin

     * This is needed for cookie based authentication to encrypt password in
     * cookie
    $cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'xampp'; /* YOU SHOULD CHANGE THIS FOR A MORE SECURE COOKIE AUTH! */

     * Servers configuration
    $i = 0;

     * First server
    /* Authentication type */
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'root';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
    /* Server parameters */
    //$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';
    //$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] = 'tcp';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = false;
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword'] = true;

     * phpMyAdmin configuration storage settings.

    /* User used to manipulate with storage */
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost'] = '';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport'] = '';

    $cfg['Servers'][1]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['controluser'] = 'pma';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['controlpass'] = '';

    $cfg['Servers'][1]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma_bookmark';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['relation'] = 'pma_relation';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['userconfig'] = 'pma_userconfig';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['table_info'] = 'pma_table_info';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['column_info'] = 'pma_column_info';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['history'] = 'pma_history';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['recent'] = 'pma_recent';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['table_uiprefs'] = 'pma_table_uiprefs';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['tracking'] = 'pma_tracking';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['table_coords'] = 'pma_table_coords';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma_pdf_pages';
    $cfg['Servers'][1]['designer_coords'] = 'pma_designer_coords';

    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite'] = 'pma__favorite';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['users'] = 'pma__users';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] = 'pma__usergroups';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding'] = 'pma__navigationhiding';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches'] = 'pma__savedsearches';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns'] = 'pma__central_columns';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings'] = 'pma__designer_settings';
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates'] = 'pma__export_templates';
    /* Contrib / Swekey authentication */
    // $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_swekey_config'] = '/etc/swekey-pma.conf';

     * End of servers configuration

     * Directories for saving/loading files from server
    $cfg['UploadDir'] = '';
    $cfg['SaveDir'] = '';

     * Whether to display icons or text or both icons and text in table row
     * action segment. Value can be either of 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.
     * default = 'both'
    //$cfg['RowActionType'] = 'icons';

     * Defines whether a user should be displayed a "show all (records)"
     * button in browse mode or not.
     * default = false
    //$cfg['ShowAll'] = true;

     * Number of rows displayed when browsing a result set. If the result
     * set contains more rows, "Previous" and "Next".
     * Possible values: 25, 50, 100, 250, 500
     * default = 25
    //$cfg['MaxRows'] = 50;

     * Disallow editing of binary fields
     * valid values are:
     *   false    allow editing
     *   'blob'   allow editing except for BLOB fields
     *   'noblob' disallow editing except for BLOB fields
     *   'all'    disallow editing
     * default = 'blob'
    //$cfg['ProtectBinary'] = false;

     * Default language to use, if not browser-defined or user-defined
     * (you find all languages in the locale folder)
     * uncomment the desired line:
     * default = 'en'
    //$cfg['DefaultLang'] = 'en';
    //$cfg['DefaultLang'] = 'de';

     * How many columns should be used for table display of a database?
     * (a value larger than 1 results in some information being hidden)
     * default = 1
    //$cfg['PropertiesNumColumns'] = 2;

     * Set to true if you want DB-based query history.If false, this utilizes
     * JS-routines to display query history (lost by window close)
     * This requires configuration storage enabled, see above.
     * default = false
    //$cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] = true;

     * When using DB-based query history, how many entries should be kept?
     * default = 25
    //$cfg['QueryHistoryMax'] = 100;

     * Whether or not to query the user before sending the error report to
     * the phpMyAdmin team when a JavaScript error occurs
     * Available options
     * ('ask' | 'always' | 'never')
     * default = 'ask'
    //$cfg['SendErrorReports'] = 'always';

     * You can find more configuration options in the documentation
     * in the doc/ folder or at <>.

mysqli_fetch_array while loop columns

I think this would be a more simpler way of outputting your results.

Sorry for using my own data should be easy to replace .

$query = "SELECT * FROM category ";

$result = mysqli_query($connection, $query);

    while($row = mysqli_fetch_assoc($result))
        $cat_id = $row['cat_id'];
        $cat_title = $row['cat_title'];

        echo $cat_id . " " . $cat_title  ."<br>";

This would output :

  • -ID Title
  • -1 Gary
  • -2 John
  • -3 Michaels

How to find NSDocumentDirectory in Swift?

Swift 3.0 and 4.0

Directly getting first element from an array will potentially cause exception if the path is not found. So calling first and then unwrap is the better solution

if let documentsPathString = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(.documentDirectory, .userDomainMask, true).first {
    //This gives you the string formed path

if let documentsPathURL = FileManager.default.urls(for: .documentDirectory, in: .userDomainMask).first {
    //This gives you the URL of the path

Find location of a removable SD card

Just simply use this:

String primary_sd = System.getenv("EXTERNAL_STORAGE");
if(primary_sd != null)
    Log.i("EXTERNAL_STORAGE", primary_sd);
String secondary_sd = System.getenv("SECONDARY_STORAGE");
if(secondary_sd != null)
    Log.i("SECONDARY_STORAGE", secondary_sd)

Why are hexadecimal numbers prefixed with 0x?

It's a prefix to indicate the number is in hexadecimal rather than in some other base. The C programming language uses it to tell compiler.


0x6400 translates to 6*16^3 + 4*16^2 + 0*16^1 +0*16^0 = 25600. When compiler reads 0x6400, It understands the number is hexadecimal with the help of 0x term. Usually we can understand by (6400)16 or (6400)8 or whatever ..

For binary it would be:


Hope I have helped in some way.

Good day!

Docker error cannot delete docker container, conflict: unable to remove repository reference

Remove docker images >

List all containers

docker container ls

List all images

docker image ls

Stop container by container id

docker container stop <container_id>

Remove container by container id

docker container rm <container_id>

If don't want stop and remove, can force remove

docker container rm -f <container_id>

Remove image

docker image rm <image_id>



For Python 3.4+ on Centos 6/7,Fedora, just install the trusted CA this way :

  1. Copy the CA.crt to /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
  2. update-ca-trust force-enable
  3. update-ca-trust extract

Cannot authenticate into mongo, "auth fails"

I also received this error, what I needed was to specify the database where the user authentication data was stored:

mongo -u admin -p SECRETPASSWORD --authenticationDatabase admin

Update Nov 18 2017:

mongo admin -u admin -p

is a better solution. Mongo will prompt you for your password, this way you won't put your cleartext password into the shell history which is just terrible security practice.

Jquery href click - how can I fire up an event?

It doesn't because the href value is not sign_up.It is #sign_up. Try like below, You need to add "#" to indicate the id of the href value.

  alert('Sign new href executed.'); 


getting exception "IllegalStateException: Can not perform this action after onSaveInstanceState"

Thanks @gunar, but I think there is a better way.

According to doc :

 * If you are committing a single transaction that does not modify the
 * fragment back stack, strongly consider using
 * {@link FragmentTransaction#commitNow()} instead. This can help avoid
 * unwanted side effects when other code in your app has pending committed
 * transactions that expect different timing.
 * @return Returns true if there were any pending transactions to be
 * executed.
public abstract boolean executePendingTransactions();

So use commitNow to replace:


adding multiple event listeners to one element

You can just define a function and pass it. Anonymous functions are not special in any way, all functions can be passed around as values.

var elem = document.getElementById('first');

elem.addEventListener('touchstart', handler, false);
elem.addEventListener('click', handler, false);

function handler(event) {

Decode UTF-8 with Javascript

// String to Utf8 ByteBuffer

function strToUTF8(str){
  return Uint8Array.from(encodeURIComponent(str).replace(/%(..)/g,(m,v)=>{return String.fromCodePoint(parseInt(v,16))}), c=>c.codePointAt(0))

// Utf8 ByteArray to string

function UTF8toStr(ba){
  return decodeURIComponent(ba.reduce((p,c)=>{return p+'%'+c.toString(16),''}))

What is a good practice to check if an environmental variable exists or not?

There is a case for either solution, depending on what you want to do conditional on the existence of the environment variable.

Case 1

When you want to take different actions purely based on the existence of the environment variable, without caring for its value, the first solution is the best practice. It succinctly describes what you test for: is 'FOO' in the list of environment variables.

if 'KITTEN_ALLERGY' in os.environ:

Case 2

When you want to set a default value if the value is not defined in the environment variables the second solution is actually useful, though not in the form you wrote it:

server = os.getenv('MY_CAT_STREAMS', '')

or perhaps

server = os.environ.get('MY_CAT_STREAMS', '')

Note that if you have several options for your application you might want to look into ChainMap, which allows to merge multiple dicts based on keys. There is an example of this in the ChainMap documentation:

combined = ChainMap(command_line_args, os.environ, defaults)

C++: constructor initializer for arrays

Ideas from a twisted mind :

class mytwistedclass{
static std::vector<int> initVector;
    //initialise with initVector[0] and then delete it :-)


now set this initVector to something u want to before u instantiate an object. Then your objects are initialized with your parameters.

Xampp-mysql - "Table doesn't exist in engine" #1932

If you have copied & Pasted files from an old backup folder to new then its simple. Just copy the old ibdata1 into your new one. You can find it from \xampp\mysql\data

how to increase sqlplus column output length?

Actually, even that didn't work for me. When I executed "select dbms_metadata.get_ddl('TABLESPACE','TABLESPACE_NAME') from dual;" I again got only the first three lines, but this time each line was padded out to 15,000 characters. I was able to work around this with:

select substr(dbms_metadata.get_ddl('TABLESPACE','LM_THIN_DATA'),80) from dual;
select substr(dbms_metadata.get_ddl('TABLESPACE','LM_THIN_DATA'),160) from dual;
select substr(dbms_metadata.get_ddl('TABLESPACE','LM_THIN_DATA'),240) from dual;

It sure seemed like there ought to be an easier way, but I couldn't seem to find it.

Associating existing Eclipse project with existing SVN repository

Team->Share project is exactly what you need to do. Select SVN from the list, then click "Next". Subclipse will notice the presence of .svn directories that will ask you to confirm that the information is correct, and associate the project with subclipse.

How do I get the SQLSRV extension to work with PHP, since MSSQL is deprecated?


The MSSQL extension is not available anymore on Windows with PHP 5.3 or later. SQLSRV, an alternative driver for MS SQL is available from Microsoft: »

Once you downloaded that, follow the instructions at this page:

In a nutshell:

Put the driver file in your PHP extension directory.
Modify the php.ini file to include the driver. For example:


Restart the Web server.

See Also (copied from that page)

The PHP Manual for the SQLSRV extension is located at and offers the following for Installation:

The SQLSRV extension is enabled by adding appropriate DLL file to your PHP extension directory and the corresponding entry to the php.ini file. The SQLSRV download comes with several driver files. Which driver file you use will depend on 3 factors: the PHP version you are using, whether you are using thread-safe or non-thread-safe PHP, and whether your PHP installation was compiled with the VC6 or VC9 compiler. For example, if you are running PHP 5.3, you are using non-thread-safe PHP, and your PHP installation was compiled with the VC9 compiler, you should use the php_sqlsrv_53_nts_vc9.dll file. (You should use a non-thread-safe version compiled with the VC9 compiler if you are using IIS as your web server). If you are running PHP 5.2, you are using thread-safe PHP, and your PHP installation was compiled with the VC6 compiler, you should use the php_sqlsrv_52_ts_vc6.dll file.

The drivers can also be used with PDO.

How the int.TryParse actually works

Just because int.TryParse gives you the value doesn't mean you need to keep it; you can quite happily do this:

int temp;
if (int.TryParse(inputString, out temp))
    // do stuff

You can ignore temp entirely if you don't need it. If you do need it, then hey, it's waiting for you when you want it.

As for the internals, as far as I remember it attempts to read the raw bytes of the string as an int and tests whether the result is valid, or something; it's not as simple as iterating through looking for non-numeric characters.