How to Insert BOOL Value to MySQL Database

31

I am trying to insert values into a BOOL data type in MySQL (v 5.5.20) using the following script:

CREATE DATABASE DBTest;
USE DBTest;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS first;
CREATE TABLE first (id INT AUTO_INCREMENT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY , name VARCHAR(30) ,sale  BOOL,); 
INSERT INTO first VALUES ("", "G22","TRUE");
INSERT INTO first VALUES ("", "G23","FALSE");

But the INSERT statement just inserts 0 (Zero) to the boolean column for both TRUE and FALSE options! Can you please let me know why this is happening?

This question is tagged with mysql

~ Asked on 2012-11-06 21:23:52

The Best Answer is


55

TRUE and FALSE are keywords, and should not be quoted as strings:

INSERT INTO first VALUES (NULL, 'G22', TRUE);
INSERT INTO first VALUES (NULL, 'G23', FALSE);

By quoting them as strings, MySQL will then cast them to their integer equivalent (since booleans are really just a one-byte INT in MySQL), which translates into zero for any non-numeric string. Thus, you get 0 for both values in your table.

Non-numeric strings cast to zero:

mysql> SELECT CAST('TRUE' AS SIGNED), CAST('FALSE' AS SIGNED), CAST('12345' AS SIGNED);
+------------------------+-------------------------+-------------------------+
| CAST('TRUE' AS SIGNED) | CAST('FALSE' AS SIGNED) | CAST('12345' AS SIGNED) |
+------------------------+-------------------------+-------------------------+
|                      0 |                       0 |                   12345 |
+------------------------+-------------------------+-------------------------+

But the keywords return their corresponding INT representation:

mysql> SELECT TRUE, FALSE;
+------+-------+
| TRUE | FALSE |
+------+-------+
|    1 |     0 |
+------+-------+

Note also, that I have replaced your double-quotes with single quotes as are more standard SQL string enclosures. Finally, I have replaced your empty strings for id with NULL. The empty string may issue a warning.

~ Answered on 2012-11-06 21:25:19


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