Programs & Examples On #Formatter

A formatter may be any program or piece of program that modifies a file or input text so that it complies to a given format, or generate a text in a given format from input data. Examples include: formatting a date to a localized format; indent a source code; replace variables in a string with inputted values; etc.

How to change the status bar background color and text color on iOS 7?

1) set the UIViewControllerBasedStatusBarAppearance to YES in the plist

2) in viewDidLoad do a [self setNeedsStatusBarAppearanceUpdate];

3) add the following method:

    return UIStatusBarStyleLightContent; 

also check developers-guide-to-the-ios-7-status-bar cannot open shared object file.

I always have this problem, I can solve by running the code below: export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/oracle/instantclient:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

enter image description here

OBS: This code I saved in the configuration file because I always use it. good luck.

SQL Server - stop or break execution of a SQL script

Back in the day we used the following...worked best:

RAISERROR ('Error! Connection dead', 20, 127) WITH LOG

MySQL: Quick breakdown of the types of joins

Based on your comment, simple definitions of each is best found at W3Schools The first line of each type gives a brief explanation of the join type

  • JOIN: Return rows when there is at least one match in both tables
  • LEFT JOIN: Return all rows from the left table, even if there are no matches in the right table
  • RIGHT JOIN: Return all rows from the right table, even if there are no matches in the left table
  • FULL JOIN: Return rows when there is a match in one of the tables


In a nutshell, the comma separated example you gave of

SELECT * FROM a, b WHERE = a.beeId AND ...

is selecting every record from tables a and b with the commas separating the tables, this can be used also in columns like

SELECT a.beeName,b.* FROM a, b WHERE = a.beeId AND ...

It is then getting the instructed information in the row where the column and a.beeId column have a match in your example. So in your example it will get all information from tables a and b where the equals a.beeId. In my example it will get all of the information from the b table and only information from the a.beeName column when the equals the a.beeId. Note that there is an AND clause also, this will help to refine your results.

For some simple tutorials and explanations on mySQL joins and left joins have a look at Tizag's mySQL tutorials. You can also check out Keith J. Brown's website for more information on joins that is quite good also.

I hope this helps you

How to export JavaScript array info to csv (on client side)?

Here's an Angular friendly version:

  constructor(private location: Location, private renderer: Renderer2) {}

  download(content, fileName, mimeType) {

    const a = this.renderer.createElement('a');

    mimeType = mimeType || 'application/octet-stream';

    if (navigator.msSaveBlob) {

      navigator.msSaveBlob(new Blob([content], {
        type: mimeType
      }), fileName);
    else if (URL && 'download' in a) {

      const id = GetUniqueID();

      this.renderer.setAttribute(a, 'id', id);
      this.renderer.setAttribute(a, 'href', URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([content], {
        type: mimeType

      this.renderer.setAttribute(a, 'download', fileName);

      this.renderer.appendChild(document.body, a);

      const anchor = this.renderer.selectRootElement(`#${id}`);;

      this.renderer.removeChild(document.body, a);
    else {

MySQL dump by query

If you want to export your last n amount of records into a file, you can run the following:

mysqldump -u user -p -h localhost --where "1=1 ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 100" database table > export_file.sql

The above will save the last 100 records into export_file.sql, assuming the table you're exporting from has an auto-incremented id column.

You will need to alter the user, localhost, database and table values. You may optionally alter the id column and export file name.

Angular2 - Input Field To Accept Only Numbers

Just Create a directive and add below hostlistener:

@HostListener('input', ['$event'])
    onInput(event: Event) {
        this.elementRef.nativeElement.value = (<HTMLInputElement>event.currentTarget).value.replace(/[^0-9]/g, '');

Replace invalid text with empty. All keys and key combinations will now work across all browsers till IE9.

You are trying to add a non-nullable field 'new_field' to userprofile without a default

In case anyone is setting a ForeignKey, you can just allow nullable fields without setting a default:

new_field = models.ForeignKey(model, null=True)

If you already have data stored within the database, you can also set a default value:

new_field = models.ForeignKey(model, default=<existing model id here>)

How to check a Long for null in java

If it is Long you can check if it's null unless you go for long (as primitive data types cant be null while Long instance is a object)

Long num; _x000D_
if(num == null) return;

For some context, you can also prefer using Optional with it to make it somehow beautiful for some use cases. Refer @RequestParam in Spring MVC handling optional parameters

Parse XML document in C#

Try this:

XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();

Or alternatively if you have the XML in a string use the LoadXml method.

Once you have it loaded, you can use SelectNodes and SelectSingleNode to query specific values, for example:

XmlNode node = doc.SelectSingleNode("//Company/Email/text()");
// node.Value contains "[email protected]"

Finally, note that your XML is invalid as it doesn't contain a single root node. It must be something like this:

        <Email>[email protected]</Email>

In Java, how to find if first character in a string is upper case without regex

Don't forget to check whether the string is empty or null. If we forget checking null or empty then we would get NullPointerException or StringIndexOutOfBoundException if a given String is null or empty.

public class StartWithUpperCase{

        public static void main(String[] args){

            String str1 = ""; //StringIndexOfBoundException if 
                              //empty checking not handled
            String str2 = null; //NullPointerException if 
                                //null checking is not handled.
            String str3 = "Starts with upper case";
            String str4 = "starts with lower case";

            System.out.println(startWithUpperCase(str1)); //false
            System.out.println(startWithUpperCase(str2)); //false
            System.out.println(startWithUpperCase(str3)); //true
            System.out.println(startWithUpperCase(str4)); //false


        public static boolean startWithUpperCase(String givenString){

            if(null == givenString || givenString.isEmpty() ) return false;
            else return (Character.isUpperCase( givenString.codePointAt(0) ) );


How to echo (or print) to the js console with php

You can also try this way:

   echo "<script>console.log('$variableName')</script>";

Dynamically Add Images React Webpack

here is the code

    import React, { Component } from 'react';
    import logo from './logo.svg';
    import './image.css';
    import Dropdown from 'react-dropdown';
    import axios from 'axios';

    let obj = {};

    class App extends Component {
        this.state = {
          selectedFiles: []
        this.fileUploadHandler = this.fileUploadHandler.bind(this);

        let selectedFiles_ = this.state.selectedFiles;
        this.setState({selectedFiles: selectedFiles_});

      render() {
        let Images = => {
          <div className = "image_parent">

              <img src={require(image.src)}

        return (
            <div className="image-upload images_main">

            <input type="file" onClick={this.fileUploadHandler}/>


    export default App;

Use of #pragma in C

#pragma is used to do something implementation-specific in C, i.e. be pragmatic for the current context rather than ideologically dogmatic.

The one I regularly use is #pragma pack(1) where I'm trying to squeeze more out of my memory space on embedded solutions, with arrays of structures that would otherwise end up with 8 byte alignment.

Pity we don't have a #dogma yet. That would be fun ;)

Using BigDecimal to work with currencies

1) If you are limited to the double precision, one reason to use BigDecimals is to realize operations with the BigDecimals created from the doubles.

2) The BigDecimal consists of an arbitrary precision integer unscaled value and a non-negative 32-bit integer scale, while the double wraps a value of the primitive type double in an object. An object of type Double contains a single field whose type is double

3) It should make no difference

You should have no difficulties with the $ and precision. One way to do it is using System.out.printf

How do I get the different parts of a Flask request's url?

If you are using Python, I would suggest by exploring the request object:


Since the object support the method dict:


It can be printed or saved. I use it to log 404 codes in Flask:

def not_found(e):
    with open("./404.csv", "a") as f:
    return send_file('static/images/Darknet-404-Page-Concept.png', mimetype='image/png')

Convert string to number field

Within Crystal, you can do it by creating a formula that uses the ToNumber function. It might be a good idea to code for the possibility that the field might include non-numeric data - like so:

If NumericText ({field}) then ToNumber ({field}) else 0

Alternatively, you might find it easier to convert the field's datatype within the query used in the report.

Xampp-mysql - "Table doesn't exist in engine" #1932

Copy the ib_logfileXX and ibdata file from old mysql/data folder to the new mysql data folder and it will fix the issue

Count number of occurrences of a pattern in a file (even on same line)

To count all occurrences, use -o. Try this:

echo afoobarfoobar | grep -o foo | wc -l

And man grep of course (:


Some suggest to use just grep -co foo instead of grep -o foo | wc -l.


This shortcut won't work in all cases. Man page says:

-c print a count of matching lines

Difference in these approaches is illustrated below:


$ echo afoobarfoobar | grep -oc foo

As soon as the match is found in the line (a{foo}barfoobar) the searching stops. Only one line was checked and it matched, so the output is 1. Actually -o is ignored here and you could just use grep -c instead.


$ echo afoobarfoobar | grep -o foo

$ echo afoobarfoobar | grep -o foo | wc -l

Two matches are found in the line (a{foo}bar{foo}bar) because we explicitly asked to find every occurrence (-o). Every occurence is printed on a separate line, and wc -l just counts the number of lines in the output.

How to simulate a real mouse click using java?

You could create a simple AutoIt Script that does the job for you, compile it as an executable and perform a system call there.

in au3 Script:

; how to use: MouseClick ( "button" [, x, y [, clicks = 1 [, speed = 10]]] )
MouseClick ( "left" , $CmdLine[1], $CmdLine[1] )

Now find aut2exe in your au3 Folder or find 'Compile Script to .exe' in your Start Menu and create an executable.

in your Java class call:

    new String[]{

AutoIt will behave as if it was a human and won't be detected as a machine.

Find AutoIt here:

Make sure that the controller has a parameterless public constructor error

In my case, it was because of exception inside the constructor of my injected dependency (in your example - inside DashboardRepository constructor). The exception was caught somewhere inside MVC infrastructure. I found this after I added logs in relevant places.

Android TabLayout Android Design

I am facing some issue with menu change when fragment changes in ViewPager. I ended up implemented below code.


public class DashboardFragment extends BaseFragment {

    private Context mContext;
    private TabLayout mTabLayout;
    private ViewPager mViewPager;
    private DashboardPagerAdapter mAdapter;
    private OnModuleChangeListener onModuleChangeListener;
    private NavDashBoardActivity activityInstance;

    public void setOnModuleChangeListener(OnModuleChangeListener onModuleChangeListener) {
        this.onModuleChangeListener = onModuleChangeListener;

    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, @Nullable ViewGroup container, @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.dashboard_fragment, container, false);

    //pass -1 if you want to get it via pager
    public Fragment getFragmentFromViewpager(int position) {
        if (position == -1)
            position = mViewPager.getCurrentItem();
        return ((Fragment) (mAdapter.instantiateItem(mViewPager, position)));

    public void onViewCreated(View view, @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onViewCreated(view, savedInstanceState);

        mContext = getActivity();

        activityInstance = (NavDashBoardActivity) getActivity();

        mTabLayout = (TabLayout) view.findViewById(;
        mViewPager = (ViewPager) view.findViewById(;

        final List<EnumUtils.Module> moduleToShow = getModuleToShowList();

        for(EnumUtils.Module module :moduleToShow)

        updateTabPagerAndMenu(0 , moduleToShow);

        mAdapter = new DashboardPagerAdapter(getFragmentManager(),moduleToShow);


        mTabLayout.addOnTabSelectedListener(new TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener() {
            public void onTabSelected(final TabLayout.Tab tab) {
           Runnable() {
                    public void run() {

            public void onTabUnselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {

            public void onTabReselected(TabLayout.Tab tab) {

        mViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
                //added to redraw menu on scroll

            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
                updateTabPagerAndMenu(position , moduleToShow);

            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {

    //also validate other checks and this method should be in SharedPrefs...
    public static List<EnumUtils.Module> getModuleToShowList(){
        List<EnumUtils.Module> moduleToShow = new ArrayList<>();


        return moduleToShow;

    public void setCurrentTab(final int position){
        if(mViewPager != null){
            mViewPager.postDelayed(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {

    private Fragment getCurrentFragment(){
        return mAdapter.getCurrentFragment();

    private void updateTabPagerAndMenu(int position , List<EnumUtils.Module> moduleToShow){
        //it helps to change menu on scroll
        //No effect after changing below statement
        if(mTabLayout != null)

        if(onModuleChangeListener != null){

            if(activityInstance != null){

                    , EnumUtils.Module.getModuleColor(moduleToShow.get(position)));


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android=""

    <!-- our tablayout to display tabs  -->
        app:tabTextColor="@android:color/black" />

    <!-- View pager to swipe views -->
        app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />



public class DashboardPagerAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter {

private List<EnumUtils.Module> moduleList;
private Fragment mCurrentFragment = null;

public DashboardPagerAdapter(FragmentManager fm, List<EnumUtils.Module> moduleList){
    this.moduleList = moduleList;

public Fragment getItem(int position) {
    return EnumUtils.Module.getDashboardFragment(moduleList.get(position));

public int getCount() {
    return moduleList.size();

public void setPrimaryItem(ViewGroup container, int position, Object object) {
    if (getCurrentFragment() != object) {
        mCurrentFragment = ((Fragment) object);
    super.setPrimaryItem(container, position, object);

public Fragment getCurrentFragment() {
    return mCurrentFragment;

public int getModulePosition(EnumUtils.Module moduleName){
    for(int x = 0 ; x < moduleList.size() ; x++){
            return x;
    return -1;


And in each page of Fragment setHasOptionMenu(true) in onCreate and implement onCreateOptionMenu. then it will work properly.


public class NavDashBoardActivity extends BaseActivity
        implements NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener {

    private Context mContext;
    private DashboardFragment dashboardFragment;
    private Toolbar mToolbar;
    private DrawerLayout drawer;
    private ActionBarDrawerToggle toggle;

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        mContext = NavDashBoardActivity.this;

        mToolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(;

        updateToolbarText(new ToolbarTextBO("NCompass " ,""));

        drawer = (DrawerLayout) findViewById(;
        toggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(
                this, drawer, mToolbar, R.string.navigation_drawer_open, R.string.navigation_drawer_close);

        //onclick of back button on Navigation it will popUp fragment...
        toggle.setToolbarNavigationClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View view) {
                if(!toggle.isDrawerIndicatorEnabled()) {

        final NavigationView navigationView = (NavigationView) findViewById(;
        navigationView.setItemIconTintList(null);//It helps to show icon on Navigation


        //Left Drawer Upper Section
        View headerLayout = navigationView.getHeaderView(0); // 0-index header

        TextView userNameTv = (TextView) headerLayout.findViewById(;
        RoundedImageView ivUserPic = (RoundedImageView) headerLayout.findViewById(;


        headerLayout.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View view) {
                //close drawer and add a fragment to it
                drawer.closeDrawers();//also try other methods..

        //ZA code starts...
        dashboardFragment = new DashboardFragment();
        dashboardFragment.setOnModuleChangeListener(new OnModuleChangeListener() {
            public void onModuleChanged(EnumUtils.Module module) {
                if(mToolbar != null){

                    if(EnumUtils.Module.getMenuID(module) != -1)


    public void updateStatusBarColor(int colorResourceID){

    private void updateNavigationMenuItem(NavigationView navigationView){
        List<EnumUtils.Module> modules =  DashboardFragment.getModuleToShowList();


    private void backStackListener(){
        getSupportFragmentManager().addOnBackStackChangedListener(new FragmentManager.OnBackStackChangedListener() {
            public void onBackStackChanged() {

                if(getSupportFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() >= 1)
                    toggle.setDrawerIndicatorEnabled(false); //disable "hamburger to arrow" drawable
                    toggle.setHomeAsUpIndicator(R.drawable.ic_arrow_back_black_24dp); //set your own
                    ///toggle.setDrawerIndicatorEnabled(false); // this will hide hamburger image
                    ///Toast.makeText(mContext,"Update to Arrow",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                if(getSupportFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() >0){
                    if(getCurrentFragment() instanceof DashboardFragment){
                        Fragment subFragment = ((DashboardFragment) getCurrentFragment())


    private void updateToolBarTitle(String title){
    public void updateToolBarColor(String hexColor){
        if(mToolbar != null)

    public void onBackPressed() {
        DrawerLayout drawer = (DrawerLayout) findViewById(;
        if (drawer.isDrawerOpen(GravityCompat.START)) {
        } else {

    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        if (drawer.isDrawerOpen(GravityCompat.START))
            getMenuInflater().inflate(, menu);

        return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);//true is wriiten first..

    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        // Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
        // automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
        // as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
        int id = item.getItemId();
        if (id ==
            if (drawer.isDrawerOpen(GravityCompat.START))
            else {
                if (getSupportFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() > 0) {

                } else

            return false;///true;

        return false;// false so that fragment can also handle the menu event. Otherwise it is handled their
        ///return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);

    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        // Handle navigation view item clicks here.
        int id = item.getItemId();

        if (id == {
            // Handle the camera action
        }else if  (id ==  {

        DrawerLayout drawer = (DrawerLayout) findViewById(;
        return true;

    public void updateToolbarText(ToolbarTextBO toolbarTextBO){
        if(toolbarTextBO.getTitle() != null && !toolbarTextBO.getTitle().isEmpty())
        if(toolbarTextBO.getDescription() != null && !toolbarTextBO.getDescription().isEmpty())


    public void onPostCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState, @Nullable PersistableBundle persistentState) {
        super.onPostCreate(savedInstanceState, persistentState);
        // Sync the toggle state after onRestoreInstanceState has occurred.

    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {

Get real path from URI, Android KitKat new storage access framework

This will get the file path from the MediaProvider, DownloadsProvider, and ExternalStorageProvider, while falling back to the unofficial ContentProvider method you mention.

 * Get a file path from a Uri. This will get the the path for Storage Access
 * Framework Documents, as well as the _data field for the MediaStore and
 * other file-based ContentProviders.
 * @param context The context.
 * @param uri The Uri to query.
 * @author paulburke
public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {

    final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT;

    // DocumentProvider
    if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
        // ExternalStorageProvider
        if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];

            if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];

            // TODO handle non-primary volumes
        // DownloadsProvider
        else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

            final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                    Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

            return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
        // MediaProvider
        else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];

            Uri contentUri = null;
            if ("image".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;

            final String selection = "_id=?";
            final String[] selectionArgs = new String[] {

            return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
    // MediaStore (and general)
    else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
        return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
    // File
    else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
        return uri.getPath();

    return null;

 * Get the value of the data column for this Uri. This is useful for
 * MediaStore Uris, and other file-based ContentProviders.
 * @param context The context.
 * @param uri The Uri to query.
 * @param selection (Optional) Filter used in the query.
 * @param selectionArgs (Optional) Selection arguments used in the query.
 * @return The value of the _data column, which is typically a file path.
public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection,
        String[] selectionArgs) {

    Cursor cursor = null;
    final String column = "_data";
    final String[] projection = {

    try {
        cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs,
        if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
            final int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
            return cursor.getString(column_index);
    } finally {
        if (cursor != null)
    return null;

 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "".equals(uri.getAuthority());

 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "".equals(uri.getAuthority());

 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "".equals(uri.getAuthority());

These are taken from my open source library, aFileChooser.

how to make a specific text on TextView BOLD

You can add the two strings separately in the builder, one of them is spannedString, the other is a regular one.This way you don`t have to calculate the indexes.

val instructionPress = resources?.getString(R.string.settings_press)

val okText = resources?.getString(R.string.ok)
val spannableString = SpannableString(okText)

val spannableBuilder = SpannableStringBuilder()
spannableBuilder.append(spannableString, StyleSpan(Typeface.BOLD), Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE)


Nullable property to entity field, Entity Framework through Code First

Just omit the [Required] attribute from the string somefield property. This will make it create a NULLable column in the db.

To make int types allow NULLs in the database, they must be declared as nullable ints in the model:

// an int can never be null, so it will be created as NOT NULL in db
public int someintfield { get; set; }

// to have a nullable int, you need to declare it as an int?
// or as a System.Nullable<int>
public int? somenullableintfield { get; set; }
public System.Nullable<int> someothernullableintfield { get; set; }

How do I position an image at the bottom of div?

< img style="vertical-align: bottom" src="blah.png" >

Works for me. Inside a parallax div as well.

Warning: Found conflicts between different versions of the same dependent assembly

I had such issue when my project had reference to NETStandardLibrary and one of referenced assemblies was published for netcore. Just published it as netstandard and problem was gone

Java Byte Array to String to Byte Array

What I did:

return to clients:

byte[] result = ****encrypted data****;

String str = Base64.encodeBase64String(result);

return str;

receive from clients:

 byte[] bytes = Base64.decodeBase64(str);

your data will be transferred in this format:


How do I get the last inserted ID of a MySQL table in PHP?

there is a function to know what was the last id inserted in the current connection

mysql_query('INSERT INTO FOO(a) VALUES(\'b\')');
$id = mysql_insert_id();

plus using max is a bad idea because it could lead to problems if your code is used at same time in two different sessions.

That function is called mysql_insert_id

Where can I find my Facebook application id and secret key?

Just simply click on your app name and look on your right, you app id should be there

For your app secret, u have to click show.

enter image description here

Hope that helps !

Difference between DOMContentLoaded and load events

Here's some code that works for us. We found MSIE to be hit and miss with DomContentLoaded, there appears to be some delay when no additional resources are cached (up to 300ms based on our console logging), and it triggers too fast when they are cached. So we resorted to a fallback for MISE. You also want to trigger the doStuff() function whether DomContentLoaded triggers before or after your external JS files.

// detect MSIE 9,10,11, but not Edge

function doStuff(){
    // play it safe, very few users, exec ur JS when all resources are loaded
} else {
    // add event listener to trigger your function when DOMContentLoaded
    } else {
        // DOMContentLoaded already loaded, so better trigger your function

Get the date (a day before current time) in Bash

Well this is a late answer,but this seems to work!!

     YESTERDAY=`TZ=GMT+24 date +%d-%m-%Y`;
     echo $YESTERDAY;

Signtool error: No certificates were found that met all given criteria with a Windows Store App?

Go to project properties and uncheck all fields from the Firm before init the compilation

What is a good way to handle exceptions when trying to read a file in python?

Here is a read/write example. The with statements insure the close() statement will be called by the file object regardless of whether an exception is thrown.

import sys

fIn = 'symbolsIn.csv'
fOut = 'symbolsOut.csv'

   with open(fIn, 'r') as f:
      file_content =
      print "read file " + fIn
   if not file_content:
      print "no data in file " + fIn
      file_content = "name,phone,address\n"
   with open(fOut, 'w') as dest:
      print "wrote file " + fOut
except IOError as e:
   print "I/O error({0}): {1}".format(e.errno, e.strerror)
except: #handle other exceptions such as attribute errors
   print "Unexpected error:", sys.exc_info()[0]
print "done"

Convert base64 string to image

Hi This is my solution

Javascript code

var base64before = document.querySelector('img').src;
var base64 = base64before.replace(/^data:image\/(png|jpg);base64,/, "");
var httpPost = new XMLHttpRequest();
var path = "your url";
var data = JSON.stringify(base64);"POST", path, false);
// Set the content type of the request to json since that's what's being sent
httpPost.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

This is my Java code.

public void saveImage(InputStream imageStream){
InputStream inStream = imageStream;

try {
    String dataString = convertStreamToString(inStream);

    byte[] imageBytes = javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter.parseBase64Binary(dataString);
    BufferedImage image = ByteArrayInputStream(imageBytes));
    // write the image to a file
    File outputfile = new File("/Users/paul/Desktop/testkey/myImage.png");
    ImageIO.write(image, "png", outputfile);

    }catch(Exception e) {

static String convertStreamToString( is) {
    java.util.Scanner s = new java.util.Scanner(is).useDelimiter("\\A");
    return s.hasNext() ? : "";

How to set a value of a variable inside a template code?

You can use the with template tag.

{% with name="World" %}     
<div>Hello {{name}}!</div>
{% endwith %}

How to make an autocomplete TextBox in ASP.NET?

aspx Page Coding

<form id="form1" runat="server">
       <input type="search" name="Search" placeholder="Search for a Product..." list="datalist1"
       <datalist id="datalist1" runat="server">


.cs Page Coding

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void autocomplete()
    Database p = new Database();
    DataSet ds = new DataSet();
    ds = p.sqlcall("select [name] from [stu_reg]");
    int row = ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count;
    string abc="";
    for (int i = 0; i < row;i++ )
        abc = abc + "<option>"+ds.Tables[0].Rows[i][0].ToString()+"</option>";
    datalist1.InnerHtml = abc;

Here Database is a File (Database.cs) In Which i have created on method named sqlcall for retriving data from database.

Merging cells in Excel using Apache POI

i made a method that merge cells and put border.

protected void setMerge(Sheet sheet, int numRow, int untilRow, int numCol, int untilCol, boolean border) {
    CellRangeAddress cellMerge = new CellRangeAddress(numRow, untilRow, numCol, untilCol);
    if (border) {
        setBordersToMergedCells(sheet, cellMerge);


protected void setBordersToMergedCells(Sheet sheet, CellRangeAddress rangeAddress) {
    RegionUtil.setBorderTop(BorderStyle.MEDIUM, rangeAddress, sheet);
    RegionUtil.setBorderLeft(BorderStyle.MEDIUM, rangeAddress, sheet);
    RegionUtil.setBorderRight(BorderStyle.MEDIUM, rangeAddress, sheet);
    RegionUtil.setBorderBottom(BorderStyle.MEDIUM, rangeAddress, sheet);

Why can a function modify some arguments as perceived by the caller, but not others?

f doesn't actually alter the value of x (which is always the same reference to an instance of a list). Rather, it alters the contents of this list.

In both cases, a copy of a reference is passed to the function. Inside the function,

  • n gets assigned a new value. Only the reference inside the function is modified, not the one outside it.
  • x does not get assigned a new value: neither the reference inside nor outside the function are modified. Instead, x’s value is modified.

Since both the x inside the function and outside it refer to the same value, both see the modification. By contrast, the n inside the function and outside it refer to different values after n was reassigned inside the function.

How do I read text from the clipboard?

A not very direct trick:

Use pyautogui hotkey:

Import pyautogui
pyautogui.hotkey('ctrl', 'v')

Therefore, you can paste the clipboard data as you like.

Swift Alamofire: How to get the HTTP response status code

Or use pattern matching

if let error = response.result.error as? AFError {
   if case .responseValidationFailed(.unacceptableStatusCode(let code)) = error {

How to hide a div after some time period?

In older versions of jquery you'll have to do it the "javascript way" using settimeout

setTimeout( function(){$('div').hide();} , 4000);


setTimeout( "$('div').hide();", 4000);

Recently with jquery 1.4 this solution has been added:


Of course replace "div" by the correct element using a valid jquery selector and call the function when the document is ready.

Structs in Javascript

The only difference between object literals and constructed objects are the properties inherited from the prototype.

var o = {
  'a': 3, 'b': 4,
  'doStuff': function() {
    alert(this.a + this.b);
o.doStuff(); // displays: 7

You could make a struct factory.

function makeStruct(names) {
  var names = names.split(' ');
  var count = names.length;
  function constructor() {
    for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
      this[names[i]] = arguments[i];
  return constructor;

var Item = makeStruct("id speaker country");
var row = new Item(1, 'john', 'au');
alert(row.speaker); // displays: john

ggplot2 plot area margins?

You can adjust the plot margins with plot.margin in theme() and then move your axis labels and title with the vjust argument of element_text(). For example :

qplot(rnorm(100)) +
    ggtitle("Title") +
    theme(axis.title.x=element_text(vjust=-2)) +
    theme(axis.title.y=element_text(angle=90, vjust=-0.5)) +
    theme(plot.title=element_text(size=15, vjust=3)) +
    theme(plot.margin = unit(c(1,1,1,1), "cm"))

will give you something like this :

enter image description here

If you want more informations about the different theme() parameters and their arguments, you can just enter ?theme at the R prompt.

How is "mvn clean install" different from "mvn install"?

You can call more than one target goal with maven. mvn clean install calls clean first, then install. You have to clean manually, because clean is not a standard target goal and not executed automatically on every install.

clean removes the target folder - it deletes all class files, the java docs, the jars, reports and so on. If you don't clean, then maven will only "do what has to be done", like it won't compile classes when the corresponding source files haven't changed (in brief).

we call it target in ant and goal in maven

error_log per Virtual Host?

You can try:

    <VirtualHost myvhost:80>
       php_value error_log "/var/log/httpd/vhost_php_error_log"
    </Virtual Host>

But I'm not sure if it is going to work. I tried on my sites with no success.

Web.Config Debug/Release

It is possible using ConfigTransform build target available as a Nuget package -

All "web.*.config" transform files will be transformed and output as a series of "web.*.config.transformed" files in the build output directory regardless of the chosen build configuration.

The same applies to "app.*.config" transform files in non-web projects.

and then adding the following target to your *.csproj.

<Target Name="TransformActiveConfiguration" Condition="Exists('$(ProjectDir)/Web.$(Configuration).config')" BeforeTargets="Compile" >
    <TransformXml Source="$(ProjectDir)/Web.Config" Transform="$(ProjectDir)/Web.$(Configuration).config" Destination="$(TargetDir)/Web.config" />

Posting an answer as this is the first Stackoverflow post that appears in Google on the subject.

How to do a Jquery Callback after form submit?

I just did this -

 $("#myform").bind('ajax:complete', function() {

         // tasks to do 


And things worked perfectly .

See this api documentation for more specific details.

pip3: command not found but python3-pip is already installed

You can make symbolic link to you pip3:

sudo ln -s $(which pip3) /usr/bin/pip3

It helps me in RHEL 7.6

Simplest way to serve static data from outside the application server in a Java web application

If you want to work with JAX-RS (e.g. RESTEasy) try this:

public Response get(@QueryParam("url") final String url) {
    String picUrl = URLDecoder.decode(url, "UTF-8");

    return Response.ok(sendPicAsStream(picUrl))
            .header(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, "image/jpg")

private StreamingOutput sendPicAsStream(String picUrl) {
    return output -> {
        try (InputStream is = (new URL(picUrl)).openStream()) {
            ByteStreams.copy(is, output);

using and

How to mock private method for testing using PowerMock?

I don't see a problem here. With the following code using the Mockito API, I managed to do just that :

public class CodeWithPrivateMethod {

    public void meaningfulPublicApi() {
        if (doTheGamble("Whatever", 1 << 3)) {
            throw new RuntimeException("boom");

    private boolean doTheGamble(String whatever, int binary) {
        Random random = new Random(System.nanoTime());
        boolean gamble = random.nextBoolean();
        return gamble;

And here's the JUnit test :

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.powermock.api.mockito.PowerMockito;
import org.powermock.core.classloader.annotations.PrepareForTest;
import org.powermock.modules.junit4.PowerMockRunner;
import static org.mockito.Matchers.anyInt;
import static org.mockito.Matchers.anyString;
import static org.powermock.api.mockito.PowerMockito.when;
import static;

public class CodeWithPrivateMethodTest {

    @Test(expected = RuntimeException.class)
    public void when_gambling_is_true_then_always_explode() throws Exception {
        CodeWithPrivateMethod spy = PowerMockito.spy(new CodeWithPrivateMethod());

        when(spy, method(CodeWithPrivateMethod.class, "doTheGamble", String.class, int.class))
                .withArguments(anyString(), anyInt())


how to kill hadoop jobs

Depending on the version, do:

version <2.3.0

Kill a hadoop job:

hadoop job -kill $jobId

You can get a list of all jobId's doing:

hadoop job -list

version >=2.3.0

Kill a hadoop job:

yarn application -kill $ApplicationId

You can get a list of all ApplicationId's doing:

yarn application -list

How does one convert a HashMap to a List in Java?

Basically you should not mess the question with answer, because it is confusing.

Then you could specify what convert mean and pick one of this solution

List<Integer> keyList = Collections.list(Collections.enumeration(map.keySet()));

List<String> valueList = Collections.list(Collections.enumeration(map.values()));

Android Calling JavaScript functions in WebView

From kitkat onwards use evaluateJavascript method instead loadUrl to call the javascript functions like below

    if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
        webView.evaluateJavascript("enable();", null);
    } else {

Android Facebook 4.0 SDK How to get Email, Date of Birth and gender of User

You can use the GraphRequest class to issue calls to the Facebook Graph API to get user information. See for more info.

Django: Display Choice Value

For every field that has choices set, the object will have a get_FOO_display() method, where FOO is the name of the field. This method returns the “human-readable” value of the field.

In Views

person = Person.objects.filter(to_be_listed=True)
context['gender'] = person.get_gender_display()

In Template

{{ person.get_gender_display }}

Documentation of get_FOO_display()

Error 500: Premature end of script headers

In my case I had to change




How to match a line not containing a word

This should work:


If you only wanted to exclude it from the beginning of the line (I know you don't, but just FYI), you could use this:


Edit (by request): Why this pattern works

The (?!...) syntax is a negative lookahead, which I've always found tough to explain. Basically, it means "whatever follows this point must not match the regular expression /PART/." The site I've linked explains this far better than I can, but I'll try to break this down:

^         #Start matching from the beginning of the string.    
(?!PART)  #This position must not be followed by the string "PART".
.         #Matches any character except line breaks (it will include those in single-line mode).
$         #Match all the way until the end of the string.

The ((?!xxx).)* idiom is probably hardest to understand. As we saw, (?!PART) looks at the string ahead and says that whatever comes next can't match the subpattern /PART/. So what we're doing with ((?!xxx).)* is going through the string letter by letter and applying the rule to all of them. Each character can be anything, but if you take that character and the next few characters after it, you'd better not get the word PART.

The ^ and $ anchors are there to demand that the rule be applied to the entire string, from beginning to end. Without those anchors, any piece of the string that didn't begin with PART would be a match. Even PART itself would have matches in it, because (for example) the letter A isn't followed by the exact string PART.

Since we do have ^ and $, if PART were anywhere in the string, one of the characters would match (?=PART). and the overall match would fail. Hope that's clear enough to be helpful.

Entity Framework Core add unique constraint code-first

We can add Unique key index by using fluent api. Below code worked for me

protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)

        modelBuilder.Entity<User>().Property(p => p.Email).HasColumnAnnotation("Index", new IndexAnnotation(new IndexAttribute("IX_EmailIndex") { IsUnique = true }));


Iterating through a list to render multiple widgets in Flutter?

All you need to do is put it in a list and then add it as the children of the widget.

you can do something like this:

Widget listOfWidgets(List<String> item) {
  List<Widget> list = List<Widget>();
  for (var i = 0; i < item.length; i++) {
        child: FittedBox(
          fit: BoxFit.fitWidth,
          child: Text(
  return Wrap(
      spacing: 5.0, // gap between adjacent chips
      runSpacing: 2.0, // gap between lines
      children: list);

After that call like this

child: Row(children: <Widget>[

enter image description here

Returning first x items from array

You can use array_slice function, but do you will use another values? or only the first 5? because if you will use only the first 5 you can use the LIMIT on SQL.

How to override a JavaScript function

You can do it like this:

alert(parseFloat("1.1531531414")); // alerts the float
parseFloat = function(input) { return 1; };
alert(parseFloat("1.1531531414")); // alerts '1'

Check out a working example here:

How to center text vertically with a large font-awesome icon?

Try set your icon as height: 100%

You don't need to do anything with the wrapper (say, your button).

This requires Font Awesome 5. Not sure if it works for older FA versions.

.wrap svg {
    height: 100%;

Note that the icon is actually a svg graphic.


How can we dynamically allocate and grow an array

Lets take a case when you have an array of 1 element, and you want to extend the size to accommodate 1 million elements dynamically.

Case 1:

String [] wordList = new String[1];
String [] tmp = new String[wordList.length + 1];
for(int i = 0; i < wordList.length ; i++){
    tmp[i] = wordList[i];
wordList = tmp;

Case 2 (increasing size by a addition factor):

String [] wordList = new String[1];
String [] tmp = new String[wordList.length + 10];
for(int i = 0; i < wordList.length ; i++){
    tmp[i] = wordList[i];
wordList = tmp;

Case 3 (increasing size by a multiplication factor):

String [] wordList = new String[1];
String [] tmp = new String[wordList.length * 2];
for(int i = 0; i < wordList.length ; i++){
    tmp[i] = wordList[i];
wordList = tmp;

When extending the size of an Array dynamically, using Array.copy or iterating over the array and copying the elements to a new array using the for loop, actually iterates over each element of the array. This is a costly operation. Array.copy would be clean and optimized, still costly. So, I'd suggest increasing the array length by a multiplication factor.

How it helps is,

In case 1, to accommodate 1 million elements you have to increase the size of array 1 million - 1 times i.e. 999,999 times.

In case 2, you have to increase the size of array 1 million / 10 - 1 times i.e. 99,999 times.

In case 3, you have to increase the size of array by log21 million - 1 time i.e. 18.9 (hypothetically).

How to see query history in SQL Server Management Studio

SELECT deqs.last_execution_time AS [Time], dest.text AS [Query], dest.*
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS deqs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(deqs.sql_handle) AS dest
WHERE dest.dbid = DB_ID('msdb')
ORDER BY deqs.last_execution_time DESC

This should show you the time and date of when a query was ran

Convert Variable Name to String?

I searched for this question because I wanted a Python program to print assignment statements for some of the variables in the program. For example, it might print "foo = 3, bar = 21, baz = 432". The print function would need the variable names in string form. I could have provided my code with the strings "foo","bar", and "baz", but that felt like repeating myself. After reading the previous answers, I developed the solution below.

The globals() function behaves like a dict with variable names (in the form of strings) as keys. I wanted to retrieve from globals() the key corresponding to the value of each variable. The method globals().items() returns a list of tuples; in each tuple the first item is the variable name (as a string) and the second is the variable value. My variablename() function searches through that list to find the variable name(s) that corresponds to the value of the variable whose name I need in string form.

The function itertools.ifilter() does the search by testing each tuple in the globals().items() list with the function lambda x: var is globals()[x[0]]. In that function x is the tuple being tested; x[0] is the variable name (as a string) and x[1] is the value. The lambda function tests whether the value of the tested variable is the same as the value of the variable passed to variablename(). In fact, by using the is operator, the lambda function tests whether the name of the tested variable is bound to the exact same object as the variable passed to variablename(). If so, the tuple passes the test and is returned by ifilter().

The itertools.ifilter() function actually returns an iterator which doesn't return any results until it is called properly. To get it called properly, I put it inside a list comprehension [tpl[0] for tpl ... globals().items())]. The list comprehension saves only the variable name tpl[0], ignoring the variable value. The list that is created contains one or more names (as strings) that are bound to the value of the variable passed to variablename().

In the uses of variablename() shown below, the desired string is returned as an element in a list. In many cases, it will be the only item in the list. If another variable name is assigned the same value, however, the list will be longer.

>>> def variablename(var):
...     import itertools
...     return [tpl[0] for tpl in 
...     itertools.ifilter(lambda x: var is x[1], globals().items())]
>>> var = {}
>>> variablename(var)
>>> something_else = 3
>>> variablename(something_else)
>>> yet_another = 3
>>> variablename(something_else)
['yet_another', 'something_else']

java.lang.ClassNotFoundException on working app

Setting minifyEnabled to false in my build.gradle file fixed the issue for me.

release {
    minifyEnabled false

What is the difference between DTR/DSR and RTS/CTS flow control?

  • DTR - Data Terminal Ready
  • DSR - Data Set Ready
  • RTS - Request To Send
  • CTS - Clear To Send

There are multiple ways of doing things because there were never any protocols built into the standards. You use whatever ad-hoc "standard" your equipment implements.

Just based on the names, RTS/CTS would seem to be a natural fit. However, it's backwards from the needs that developed over time. These signals were created at a time when a terminal would batch-send a screen full of data, but the receiver might not be ready, thus the need for flow control. Later the problem would be reversed, as the terminal couldn't keep up with data coming from the host, but the RTS/CTS signals go the wrong direction - the interface isn't orthogonal, and there's no corresponding signals going the other way. Equipment makers adapted as best they could, including using the DTR and DSR signals.


To add a bit more detail, its a two level hierarchy so "officially" both must happen for communication to take place. The behavior is defined in the original CCITT (now ITU-T) standard V.28.

enter image description here

The DCE is a modem connecting between the terminal and telephone network. In the telephone network was another piece of equipment which split off to the data network, eg. X.25.

The modem has three states: Powered off, Ready (Data Set Ready is true), and connected (Data Carrier Detect)

The terminal can't do anything until the modem is connected.

When the modem wants to send data, it raises RTS and the modem grants the request with CTS. The modem lowers CTS when its internal buffer is full.

So nostalgic!

Merging two images in C#/.NET

This will add an image to another.

using (Graphics grfx = Graphics.FromImage(image))
    grfx.DrawImage(newImage, x, y)

Graphics is in the namespace System.Drawing

How to enable LogCat/Console in Eclipse for Android?

In Eclipse, Goto Window-> Show View -> Other -> Android-> Logcat.

Logcat is nothing but a console of your Emulator or Device.

System.out.println does not work in Android. So you have to handle every thing in Logcat. More Info Look out this Documentation.

Edit 1: System.out.println is working on Logcat. If you use that the Tag will be like System.out and Message will be your message.

Difference between [routerLink] and routerLink

Router Link

routerLink with brackets and none - simple explanation.

The difference between routerLink= and [routerLink] is mostly like relative and absolute path.

Similar to a href you may want to navigate to ./about.html or

When you use without brackets then you navigate relative and without params;

"jumping" from to

<a routerLink="client/{{ }}" .... rest the same

When you use routerLink with brackets then you execute app to navigate absolute and you can add params how is the puzzle of your new link

first of all it will not include the "jump" from dashboard/ to dashboard/client/client-id and bring you data of client/client-id which is more helpful for EDIT CLIENT

<a [routerLink]="['/client',]" ... rest the same

The absolute way or brackets routerLink require additional set up of you components and app.routing.module.ts

The code without error will "tell you more/what is the purpose of []" when you make the test. Just check this with or without []. Than you may experiments with selectors which - as mention above - helps with dynamics routing. Selectors

See whats the routerLink construct

Read .csv file in C

The following code is in plain c language and handles blank spaces. It only allocates memory once, so one free() is needed, for each processed line.

/* Tiny CSV Reader */
/* Copyright (C) 2015, Deligiannidis Konstantinos

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program.  If not, see <>.  */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/* For more that 100 columns or lines (when delimiter = \n), minor modifications are needed. */
int getcols( const char * const line, const char * const delim, char ***out_storage )

const char *start_ptr, *end_ptr, *iter;
char **out;
int i;                                          //For "for" loops in the old c style.
int tokens_found = 1, delim_size, line_size;    //Calculate "line_size" indirectly, without strlen() call.
int start_idx[100], end_idx[100];   //Store the indexes of tokens. Example "Power;": loc('P')=1, loc(';')=6
//Change 100 with MAX_TOKENS or use malloc() for more than 100 tokens. Example: "b1;b2;b3;...;b200"

if ( *out_storage != NULL )                 return -4;  //This SHOULD be NULL: Not Already Allocated
if ( !line || !delim )                      return -1;  //NULL pointers Rejected Here
if ( (delim_size = strlen( delim )) == 0 )  return -2;  //Delimiter not provided

start_ptr = line;   //Start visiting input. We will distinguish tokens in a single pass, for good performance.
                    //Then we are allocating one unified memory region & doing one memory copy.
while ( ( end_ptr = strstr( start_ptr, delim ) ) ) {

    start_idx[ tokens_found -1 ] = start_ptr - line;    //Store the Index of current token
    end_idx[ tokens_found - 1 ] = end_ptr - line;       //Store Index of first character that will be replaced with
                                                        //'\0'. Example: "arg1||arg2||end" -> "arg1\0|arg2\0|end"
    tokens_found++;                                     //Accumulate the count of tokens.
    start_ptr = end_ptr + delim_size;                   //Set pointer to the next c-string within the line

for ( iter = start_ptr; (*iter!='\0') ; iter++ );

start_idx[ tokens_found -1 ] = start_ptr - line;    //Store the Index of current token: of last token here.
end_idx[ tokens_found -1 ] = iter - line;           //and the last element that will be replaced with \0

line_size = iter - line;    //Saving CPU cycles: Indirectly Count the size of *line without using strlen();

int size_ptr_region = (1 + tokens_found)*sizeof( char* );   //The size to store pointers to c-strings + 1 (*NULL).
out = (char**) malloc( size_ptr_region + ( line_size + 1 ) + 5 );   //Fit everything is all memory.
//It reserves a contiguous space for both (char**) pointers AND string region. 5 Bytes for "Out of Range" tests.
*out_storage = out;     //Update the char** pointer of the caller function.

//"Out of Range" TEST. Verify that the extra reserved characters will not be changed. Assign Some Values.
//char *extra_chars = (char*) out + size_ptr_region + ( line_size + 1 );
//extra_chars[0] = 1; extra_chars[1] = 2; extra_chars[2] = 3; extra_chars[3] = 4; extra_chars[4] = 5;

for ( i = 0; i < tokens_found; i++ )    //Assign adresses first part of the allocated memory pointers that point to
    out[ i ] = (char*) out + size_ptr_region + start_idx[ i ];  //the second part of the memory, reserved for Data.
out[ tokens_found ] = (char*) NULL; //[ ptr1, ptr2, ... , ptrN, (char*) NULL, ... ]: We just added the (char*) NULL.
                                                    //Now assign the Data: c-strings. (\0 terminated strings):
char *str_region = (char*) out + size_ptr_region;   //Region inside allocated memory which contains the String Data.
memcpy( str_region, line, line_size );   //Copy input with delimiter characters: They will be replaced with \0.

//Now we should replace: "arg1||arg2||arg3" with "arg1\0|arg2\0|arg3". Don't worry for characters after '\0'
//They are not used in standard c lbraries.
for( i = 0; i < tokens_found; i++) str_region[ end_idx[ i ] ] = '\0';

//"Out of Range" TEST. Wait until Assigned Values are Printed back.
//for ( int i=0; i < 5; i++ ) printf("c=%x ", extra_chars[i] ); printf("\n");

// *out memory should now contain (example data):
//[ ptr1, ptr2,...,ptrN, (char*) NULL, "token1\0", "token2\0",...,"tokenN\0", 5 bytes for tests ]
//   |__________________________________^           ^              ^             ^
//          |_______________________________________|              |             |
//                   |_____________________________________________|      These 5 Bytes should be intact.

return tokens_found;

int main()


char in_line[] = "Arg1;;Th;s is not Del;m;ter;;Arg3;;;;Final";
char delim[] = ";;";
char **columns;
int i;

columns = NULL; //Should be NULL to indicate that it is not assigned to allocated memory. Otherwise return -4;

int cols_found = getcols( in_line, delim, &columns);
for ( i = 0; i < cols_found; i++ ) printf("Column[ %d ] = %s\n", i, columns[ i ] );  //<- (1st way).
// (2nd way) // for ( i = 0; columns[ i ]; i++) printf("start_idx[ %d ] = %s\n", i, columns[ i ] );

free( columns );    //Release the Single Contiguous Memory Space.
columns = NULL;     //Pointer = NULL to indicate it does not reserve space and that is ready for the next malloc().

printf("\n\nExample2, Nested:\n\n");

char example_file[] = "ID;Day;Month;Year;Telephone;email;Date of registration\n"
        "1;Sunday;january;2009;123-124-456;[email protected];2015-05-13\n"
        "2;Monday;March;2011;(+30)333-22-55;[email protected];2009-05-23";

char **rows;
int j;

rows = NULL; //getcols() requires it to be NULL. (Avoid dangling pointers, leaks e.t.c).

getcols( example_file, "\n", &rows);
for ( i = 0; rows[ i ]; i++) {
        printf("Line[ %d ] = %s\n", i, rows[ i ] );
        char **columnX = NULL;
        getcols( rows[ i ], ";", &columnX);
        for ( j = 0; columnX[ j ]; j++) printf("  Col[ %d ] = %s\n", j, columnX[ j ] );
        free( columnX );

free( rows );
rows = NULL;

return 0;

Remove blank lines with grep

Here is another way of removing the white lines and lines starting with the # sign. I think this is quite useful to read configuration files.

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sudoers | egrep -v '^(#|$)'
Defaults    requiretty
Defaults   !visiblepw
Defaults    always_set_home
Defaults    env_reset
root    ALL=(ALL)       ALL
%wheel  ALL=(ALL)       ALL

How to send JSON instead of a query string with $.ajax?

You need to use JSON.stringify to first serialize your object to JSON, and then specify the contentType so your server understands it's JSON. This should do the trick:

    url: url,
    type: "POST",
    data: JSON.stringify(data),
    contentType: "application/json",
    complete: callback

Note that the JSON object is natively available in browsers that support JavaScript 1.7 / ECMAScript 5 or later. If you need legacy support you can use json2.

If/else else if in Jquery for a condition

Iam confused a lot from morning whether it should be less than or greater than`

this can accept value less than "99999"

I think you answered it yourself... But it's valid when it's less than. Thus the following is incorrect:

}elseif($("#seats").val() < 99999){
  alert("Not a valid Number");

You are saying if it's less than 99999, then it's not valid. You want to do the opposite:

}elseif($("#seats").val() >= 99999){
  alert("Not a valid Number");

Also, since you have $("#seats") twice, jQuery has to search the DOM twice. You should really be storing the value, or at least the DOM element in a variable. And some more of your code doesn't make much sense, so I'm going to make some assumptions and put it all together:

var seats = $("#seats").val();

var error = null;

if (seats == "") {
    error = "Number is required";
} else {
    var seatsNum = parseInt(seats);
    if (isNaN(seatsNum)) {
        error = "Not a valid number";
    } else if (seatsNum >= 99999) {
        error = "Number must be less than 99999";

if (error != null) {
} else {
    alert("Valid number");

// If you really need setflag:
var setflag = error != null;

Here's a working sample:

Android Studio - mergeDebugResources exception

inside your project directory, run:

./gradlew clean build

or from Android Studio select:

Build > Clean Project

Updated: As @VinceFior pointed out in a comment below

how to change namespace of entire project?

Just right click the solution, go to properties, change "default namespace" under 'Application' section.

enter image description here

Jenkins - passing variables between jobs?

I think the answer above needs some update:

I was trying to create a dynamic directory to store my upstream build artifacts so I wanted to pass my upstream job build number to downstream job I tried the above steps but couldn't make it work. Here is how it worked:

  1. I copied the artifacts from my current job using copy artifacts plugin.
  2. In post build action of upstream job I added the variable like "SOURCE_BUILD_NUMBER=${BUILD_NUMBER}" and configured it to trigger the downstream job.
  3. Everything worked except that my downstream job was not able to get $SOURCE_BUILD_NUMBER to create the directory.
  4. So I found out that to use this variable I have to define the same variable in down stream job as a parameter variable like in this picture below:

enter image description here

This is because the new version of jenkins require's you to define the variable in the downstream job as well. I hope it's helpful.

How do I check if an element is hidden in jQuery?

You can use a CSS class when it visible or hidden by toggling the class:

.show{ display :block; }

Set your jQuery toggleClass() or addClass() or removeClass();.

As an example,


The above code will add show css class when the element don't have show and will remove when it has show class.

And when you are checking if it visible or not, You can follow this jQuery code,


Above code will return a boolean (true) when #myID element has our class (show) and false when it don't have the (show) class.

Remove sensitive files and their commits from Git history

You can use git forget-blob.

The usage is pretty simple git forget-blob file-to-forget. You can get more info here

It will disappear from all the commits in your history, reflog, tags and so on

I run into the same problem every now and then, and everytime I have to come back to this post and others, that's why I automated the process.

Credits to contributors from Stack Overflow that allowed me to put this together

Entity Framework: There is already an open DataReader associated with this Command

I found that I had the same error, and it occurred when I was using a Func<TEntity, bool> instead of a Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> for your predicate.

Once I changed out all Func's to Expression's the exception stopped being thrown.

I believe that EntityFramwork does some clever things with Expression's which it simply does not do with Func's

How to convert comma-separated String to List?

I usually use precompiled pattern for the list. And also this is slightly more universal since it can consider brackets which follows some of the listToString expressions.

private static final Pattern listAsString = Pattern.compile("^\\[?([^\\[\\]]*)\\]?$");

private List<String> getList(String value) {
  Matcher matcher = listAsString.matcher((String) value);
  if (matcher.matches()) {
    String[] split ="\\s*,\\s*");
    return new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(split));
  return Collections.emptyList();

Twitter API - Display all tweets with a certain hashtag?

This answer was written in 2010. The API it uses has since been retired. It is kept for historical interest only.

Search for it.

Make sure include_entities is set to true to get hashtag results. See Tweet Entities

Returns 5 mixed results with user IDs plus entities for the term "blue angels":


Get a list of all functions and procedures in an Oracle database

Do a describe on dba_arguments, dba_errors, dba_procedures, dba_objects, dba_source, dba_object_size. Each of these has part of the pictures for looking at the procedures and functions.

Also the object_type in dba_objects for packages is 'PACKAGE' for the definition and 'PACKAGE BODY" for the body.

If you are comparing schemas on the same database then try:

select * from dba_objects 
   where schema_name = 'ASCHEMA' 
     and object_type in ( 'PROCEDURE', 'PACKAGE', 'FUNCTION', 'PACKAGE BODY' )
select * from dba_objects 
where schema_name = 'BSCHEMA' 
  and object_type in ( 'PROCEDURE', 'PACKAGE', 'FUNCTION', 'PACKAGE BODY' )

and switch around the orders of ASCHEMA and BSCHEMA.

If you also need to look at triggers and comparing other stuff between the schemas you should take a look at the Article on Ask Tom about comparing schemas

IE prompts to open or save json result from server

Sounds like this SO question may be relevant to you:

How can I convince IE to simply display Application json rather than offer to download

If not:

Have you tried setting the dataType expected in the ajax options? i.e. dataType: 'json'

Have you tried other content types such as 'application/json' or 'text/javascript'

How to print GETDATE() in SQL Server with milliseconds in time?

First, you should probably use SYSDATETIME() if you're looking for more precision.

To format your data with milliseconds, try CONVERT(varchar, SYSDATETIME(), 121).

For other formats, check out the MSDN page on CAST and CONVERT.

What is AF_INET, and why do I need it?

it defines the protocols address family.this determines the type of socket created. pocket pc support AF_INET.

the content in the following page is quite decent

git diff file against its last change

If you are fine using a graphical tool this works very well:

gitk <file>

gitk now shows all commits where the file has been updated. Marking a commit will show you the diff against the previous commit in the list. This also works for directories, but then you also get to select the file to diff for the selected commit. Super useful!

How to convert Seconds to HH:MM:SS using T-SQL

Using SQL Server 2008

declare @Seconds as int = 3600;
SELECT CONVERT(time(0), DATEADD(SECOND, @Seconds, 0)) as 'hh:mm:ss'

What is the difference between connection and read timeout for sockets?

These are timeout values enforced by JVM for TCP connection establishment and waiting on reading data from socket.

If the value is set to infinity, you will not wait forever. It simply means JVM doesn't have timeout and OS will be responsible for all the timeouts. However, the timeouts on OS may be really long. On some slow network, I've seen timeouts as long as 6 minutes.

Even if you set the timeout value for socket, it may not work if the timeout happens in the native code. We can reproduce the problem on Linux by connecting to a host blocked by firewall or unplugging the cable on switch.

The only safe approach to handle TCP timeout is to run the connection code in a different thread and interrupt the thread when it takes too long.

What is Persistence Context?

Taken from this page:

Here's a quick cheat sheet of the JPA world:

  • A Cache is a copy of data, copy meaning pulled from but living outside the database.
  • Flushing a Cache is the act of putting modified data back into the database.
  • A PersistenceContext is essentially a Cache. It also tends to have it's own non-shared database connection.
  • An EntityManager represents a PersistenceContext (and therefore a Cache)
  • An EntityManagerFactory creates an EntityManager (and therefore a PersistenceContext/Cache)

Validate that text field is numeric usiung jQuery

Regex isn't needed, nor is plugins

if (isNaN($('#Field').val() / 1) == false) {
    your code here

Why doesn't document.addEventListener('load', function) work in a greasemonkey script?

The problem is WHEN the event is added and EXECUTED via triggering (the document onload property modification can be verified by examining the properties list).

When does this execute and modify onload relative to the onload event trigger:

document.addEventListener('load', ... );

before, during or after the load and/or render of the page's HTML?
This simple scURIple (cut & paste to URL) "works" w/o alerting as naively expected:

    <html content editable><head>
                document.addEventListener('load', function(){ alert(42) } );
          </head><body>goodbye universe - hello muiltiverse</body>

Does loading imply script contents have been executed?

A little out of this world expansion ...
Consider a slight modification:

    <html content editable><head>
              if(confirm("expand mind?"))document.addEventListener('load', function(){ alert(42) } );
        </head><body>goodbye universe - hello muiltiverse</body>

and whether the HTML has been loaded or not.

Rendering is certainly pending since goodbye universe - hello muiltiverse is not seen on screen but, does not the confirm( ... ) have to be already loaded to be executed? ... and so document.addEventListener('load', ... ) ... ?

In other words, can you execute code to check for self-loading when the code itself is not yet loaded?

Or, another way of looking at the situation, if the code is executable and executed then it has ALREADY been loaded as a done deal and to retroactively check when the transition occurred between not yet loaded and loaded is a priori fait accompli.

So which comes first: loading and executing the code or using the code's functionality though not loaded?

onload as a window property works because it is subordinate to the object and not self-referential as in the document case, ie. it's the window's contents, via document, that determine the loaded question err situation.

PS.: When do the following fail to alert(...)? (personally experienced gotcha's):

caveat: unless loading to the same window is really fast ... clobbering is the order of the day
so what is really needed below when using the same named window:,"w") .
      function(){ alert(42); ,"w") .
               function(){ alert(43); 
        ,"w") .
                        function(){ alert(44); 
                 /*  ...  */
                        } )
               } )
      } ) 

alternatively, proceed each successive with:
alert("press Ok either after # alert shows pending load is done or inspired via divine intervention" );

    <html content editable><head><!-- tagging fluff --><script>
            "data:text/plain, has no DOM or" ,"Window"
         ) . addEventListener('load', function(){ alert(42) } )
            "data:text/plain, has no DOM but" ,"Window"
         ) . addEventListener('load', function(){ alert(4) } )
            "data:text/html,<html><body>has DOM and", "Window"
         ) . addEventListener('load', function(){ alert(2) } )
            "data:text/html,<html><body>has DOM and", "noWindow"
         ) . addEventListener('load', function(){ alert(1) } )

        /* etc. including where body has onload=... in each appropriate open */

    </script><!-- terminating fluff --></head></html>

which emphasize onload differences as a document or window property.

Another caveat concerns preserving XSS, Cross Site Scripting, and SOP, Same Origin Policy rules which may allow loading an HTML URI but not modifying it's content to check for same. If a scURIple is run as a bookmarklet/scriplet from the same origin/site then there maybe success.

ie. From an arbitrary page, this link will do the load but not likely do alert('done'):

    <a href="'view-source:') . 
                   addEventListener( 'load',  function(){ alert('done') }  )"> src. vu </a>

but if the link is bookmarked and then clicked when viewing a page, it does both.

test environment:

 window.navigator.userAgent = 
   Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; rv: Gecko/2008102920 Firefox/3.0.4 (Splashtop-v1.2.17.0)

Plotting two variables as lines using ggplot2 on the same graph

Using your data:

test_data <- data.frame(
var0 = 100 + c(0, cumsum(runif(49, -20, 20))),
var1 = 150 + c(0, cumsum(runif(49, -10, 10))),
Dates = seq.Date(as.Date("2002-01-01"), by="1 month", length.out=100))

I create a stacked version which is what ggplot() would like to work with:

stacked <- with(test_data,
                data.frame(value = c(var0, var1),
                           variable = factor(rep(c("Var0","Var1"),
                                                 each = NROW(test_data))),
                           Dates = rep(Dates, 2)))

In this case producing stacked was quite easy as we only had to do a couple of manipulations, but reshape() and the reshape and reshape2 might be useful if you have a more complex real data set to manipulate.

Once the data are in this stacked form, it only requires a simple ggplot() call to produce the plot you wanted with all the extras (one reason why higher-level plotting packages like lattice and ggplot2 are so useful):

p <- ggplot(stacked, aes(Dates, value, colour = variable))
p + geom_line()

I'll leave it to you to tidy up the axis labels, legend title etc.


ResultSet exception - before start of result set

It's better if you create a class that has all the query methods, inclusively, in a different package, so instead of typing all the process in every class, you just call the method from that class.

pandas create new column based on values from other columns / apply a function of multiple columns, row-wise

Since this is the first Google result for 'pandas new column from others', here's a simple example:

import pandas as pd

# make a simple dataframe
df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1,2], 'b':[3,4]})
#    a  b
# 0  1  3
# 1  2  4

# create an unattached column with an index
df.apply(lambda row: row.a + row.b, axis=1)
# 0    4
# 1    6

# do same but attach it to the dataframe
df['c'] = df.apply(lambda row: row.a + row.b, axis=1)
#    a  b  c
# 0  1  3  4
# 1  2  4  6

If you get the SettingWithCopyWarning you can do it this way also:

fn = lambda row: row.a + row.b # define a function for the new column
col = df.apply(fn, axis=1) # get column data with an index
df = df.assign(c=col.values) # assign values to column 'c'


And if your column name includes spaces you can use syntax like this:

df = df.assign(**{'some column name': col.values})

And here's the documentation for apply, and assign.

How do I pass a variable by reference?

Here is the simple (I hope) explanation of the concept pass by object used in Python.
Whenever you pass an object to the function, the object itself is passed (object in Python is actually what you'd call a value in other programming languages) not the reference to this object. In other words, when you call:

def change_me(list):
   list = [1, 2, 3]

my_list = [0, 1]

The actual object - [0, 1] (which would be called a value in other programming languages) is being passed. So in fact the function change_me will try to do something like:

[0, 1] = [1, 2, 3]

which obviously will not change the object passed to the function. If the function looked like this:

def change_me(list):

Then the call would result in:

[0, 1].append(2)

which obviously will change the object. This answer explains it well.

What is DOM Event delegation?

Delegation is a technique where an object expresses certain behavior to the outside but in reality delegates responsibility for implementing that behaviour to an associated object. This sounds at first very similar to the proxy pattern, but it serves a much different purpose. Delegation is an abstraction mechanism which centralizes object (method) behavior.

Generally spoken: use delegation as alternative to inheritance. Inheritance is a good strategy, when a close relationship exist in between parent and child object, however, inheritance couples objects very closely. Often, delegation is the more flexible way to express a relationship between classes.

This pattern is also known as "proxy chains". Several other design patterns use delegation - the State, Strategy and Visitor Patterns depend on it.

adding a datatable in a dataset

you have to set the tableName you want to your dtimage that is for instance



it will be reflected in dataset because dataset is a container of your datatable dtimage and you have a reference on your dtimage

Filter data.frame rows by a logical condition

Sometimes the column you want to filter may appear in a different position than column index 2 or have a variable name.

In this case, you can simply refer the column name you want to filter as:

columnNameToFilter = "cell_type"
expr[expr[[columnNameToFilter]] == "hesc", ]

How can I do string interpolation in JavaScript?

Word of caution: avoid any template system which does't allow you to escape its own delimiters. For example, There would be no way to output the following using the supplant() method mentioned here.

"I am 3 years old thanks to my {age} variable."

Simple interpolation may work for small self-contained scripts, but often comes with this design flaw that will limit any serious use. I honestly prefer DOM templates, such as:

<div> I am <span id="age"></span> years old!</div>

And use jQuery manipulation: $('#age').text(3)

Alternately, if you are simply just tired of string concatenation, there's always alternate syntax:

var age = 3;
var str = ["I'm only", age, "years old"].join(" ");

How to parse an RSS feed using JavaScript?

If you are looking for a simple and free alternative to Google Feed API for your rss widget then could be a suitable solution for that.

You may try to see how it works on a sample code from the api documentation below:

google.load("feeds", "1");_x000D_
    function initialize() {_x000D_
      var feed = new google.feeds.Feed("");_x000D_
      feed.load(function(result) {_x000D_
        if (!result.error) {_x000D_
          var container = document.getElementById("feed");_x000D_
          for (var i = 0; i < result.feed.entries.length; i++) {_x000D_
            var entry = result.feed.entries[i];_x000D_
            var div = document.createElement("div");_x000D_
  <head>    _x000D_
     <script src=""></script>_x000D_
    <p><b>Result from the API:</b></p>_x000D_
    <div id="feed"></div>_x000D_

Pass variables by reference in JavaScript

Workaround to pass variable like by reference:

var a = 1;
inc = function(variableName) {
  window[variableName] += 1;


alert(a); // 2

And yup, actually you can do it without access a global variable:

inc = (function () {
    var variableName = 0;

    var init = function () {
        variableName += 1;

    return init;


Ruby String to Date Conversion

str = "Tue, 10 Aug 2010 01:20:19 -0400 (EDT)"
=> Tue, 10 Aug 2010

Store a cmdlet's result value in a variable in Powershell

Use the -ExpandProperty flag of Select-Object

$var=Get-WSManInstance -enumerate wmicimv2/win32_process | select -expand Priority

Update to answer the other question:

Note that you can as well just access the property:

$var=(Get-WSManInstance -enumerate wmicimv2/win32_process).Priority

So to get multiple of these into variables:

$var=Get-WSManInstance -enumerate wmicimv2/win32_process
   $prio = $var.Priority
   $pid = $var.ProcessID

How to make a <div> appear in front of regular text/tables

You may add a div with position:absolute within a table/div with position:relative. For example, if you want your overlay div to be shown at the bottom right of the main text div (width and height can be removed):

<div style="position:relative;width:300px;height:300px;background-color:#eef">
    <div style="position:absolute;bottom:0;right:0;width:100px;height:100px;background-color:#fee">
        I'm over you!
    Your main text

See it here:

Android Canvas: drawing too large bitmap

This can be an issue with Glide. Use this while you are trying to load to many images and some of them are very large:

Glide.load("your image path")
                               new MultiTransformation<>(
                                       new CenterCrop(),
                                       new RoundedCorners(

Why do Python's math.ceil() and math.floor() operations return floats instead of integers?

The source of your confusion is evident in your comment:

The whole point of ceil/floor operations is to convert floats to integers!

The point of the ceil and floor operations is to round floating-point data to integral values. Not to do a type conversion. Users who need to get integer values can do an explicit conversion following the operation.

Note that it would not be possible to implement a round to integral value as trivially if all you had available were a ceil or float operation that returned an integer. You would need to first check that the input is within the representable integer range, then call the function; you would need to handle NaN and infinities in a separate code path.

Additionally, you must have versions of ceil and floor which return floating-point numbers if you want to conform to IEEE 754.

How do you execute an arbitrary native command from a string?

If you want to use the call operator, the arguments can be an array stored in a variable:

$prog = 'c:\windows\system32\cmd.exe'
$myargs = '/c','dir','/x'
& $prog $myargs

The call operator works with ApplicationInfo objects too.

$prog = get-command cmd
$myargs = -split '/c dir /x'
& $prog $myargs

How to get the number of characters in a string

If you need to take grapheme clusters into account, use regexp or unicode module. Counting the number of code points(runes) or bytes also is needed for validaiton since the length of grapheme cluster is unlimited. If you want to eliminate extremely long sequences, check if the sequences conform to stream-safe text format.

package main

import (

func main() {

    str := "\u0308" + "a\u0308" + "o\u0308" + "u\u0308"
    str2 := "a" + strings.Repeat("\u0308", 1000)

    println(4 == GraphemeCountInString(str))
    println(4 == GraphemeCountInString2(str))

    println(1 == GraphemeCountInString(str2))
    println(1 == GraphemeCountInString2(str2))

    println(true == IsStreamSafeString(str))
    println(false == IsStreamSafeString(str2))

func GraphemeCountInString(str string) int {
    re := regexp.MustCompile("\\PM\\pM*|.")
    return len(re.FindAllString(str, -1))

func GraphemeCountInString2(str string) int {

    length := 0
    checked := false
    index := 0

    for _, c := range str {

        if !unicode.Is(unicode.M, c) {

            if checked == false {
                checked = true

        } else if checked == false {


    return length

func IsStreamSafeString(str string) bool {
    re := regexp.MustCompile("\\PM\\pM{30,}") 
    return !re.MatchString(str) 

C++ - unable to start correctly (0xc0150002)

I met such problem. Visual Studio 2008 clearly said: problem was caused by libtiff.dll. It cannot be loaded for some reasom, caused by its manifest (as a matter of fact, this dll has no manifest at all). I fixed it, when I had removed libtiff.dll from my project (but simultaneously I lost ability to open compressed TIFFs!). I recompiled aforementioned dll, but problem still remains. Interesting, that at my own machine I have no such error. Three others comps refused to load my prog. Attention!!! Here one wise boy wrote, that this error was caused by problem with registry and offers repair tool. I have a solid guess, that this "repair tool" will install some malicious soft at your comp.

CSS: How to change colour of active navigation page menu

The CSS :active state means the active state of the clicked link - the moment when you clicked on it, but not released the mouse button yet, for example. It doesn't know which page you're on and can't apply any styles to the menu items.

To fix your problem you have to create a class and add it manually to the current page's menu: { color: #f00 }

    <li><a href="index.php" class="active">HOME</a></li>
    <li><a href="two.php">PORTFOLIO</a></li>
    <li><a href="three.php">ABOUT</a></li>
    <li><a href="four.php">CONTACT</a></li>
    <li><a href="five.php">SHOP</a></li>

Using BeautifulSoup to search HTML for string

The following line is looking for the exact NavigableString 'Python':

>>> soup.body.findAll(text='Python')

Note that the following NavigableString is found:

>>> soup.body.findAll(text='Python Jobs') 
[u'Python Jobs']

Note this behaviour:

>>> import re
>>> soup.body.findAll(text=re.compile('^Python$'))

So your regexp is looking for an occurrence of 'Python' not the exact match to the NavigableString 'Python'.

How to make Firefox headless programmatically in Selenium with Python?

To the OP or anyone currently interested, here's the section of code that's worked for me with firefox currently:

opt = webdriver.FirefoxOptions()
ffox_driver = webdriver.Firefox(executable_path='\path\to\geckodriver', options=opt)

How Long Does it Take to Learn Java for a Complete Newbie?

Can you learn to draw, sculpt, or paint in ten weeks? Anyone can learn to punch the keys to program, just as anyone can pick up a brush, but it takes time and talent to cultivate the artistry to develop. Do yourself a favor and put the time and effort in to learning, not cramming. The lessons you learn by a concerted effort to know how to develop will serve you much better than binging on it to meet some arbitrary date.

Check if a number is int or float

I know it's an old thread but this is something that I'm using and I thought it might help.

It works in python 2.7 and python 3< .

def is_float(num):
    Checks whether a number is float or integer

        num(float or int): The number to check

        True if the number is float
    return not (float(num)).is_integer()

class TestIsFloat(unittest.TestCase):
    def test_float(self):

    def test_int(self):

Custom style to jquery ui dialogs


You can add a class (such as "success-dialog" in my example) to div#success, either directly in your HTML, or in your JavaScript by adding to the dialogClass option, as I've done.

    height: 50,
    width: 350,
    modal: true,
    resizable: true,
    dialogClass: 'no-close success-dialog'

Then just add the success-dialog class to your CSS rules as appropriate. To indicate an element with two (or more) classes applied to it, just write them all together, with no spaces in between. For example:

.ui-dialog.success-dialog {
    font-family: Verdana,Arial,sans-serif;
    font-size: .8em;

Javascript seconds to minutes and seconds

Another but much more elegant solution for this is as follows:

 * Convert number secs to display time
 * 65 input becomes 01:05.
 * @param Number inputSeconds Seconds input.
export const toMMSS = inputSeconds => {
    const secs = parseInt( inputSeconds, 10 );
    let minutes = Math.floor( secs / 60 );
    let seconds = secs - minutes * 60;

    if ( 10 > minutes ) {
        minutes = '0' + minutes;
    if ( 10 > seconds ) {
        seconds = '0' + seconds;

    // Return display.
    return minutes + ':' + seconds;

cast class into another class or convert class to another

I tried to use the Cast Extension (see in a situation where the Target Type contains a Property that is not present in the Source Type. It did not work, I'm not sure why. I refactored to the following extension that did work for my situation:

public static T Casting<T>(this Object source)
    Type sourceType = source.GetType();
    Type targetType = typeof(T);
    var target =  Activator.CreateInstance(targetType, false);
    var sourceMembers = sourceType.GetMembers()
        .Where(x => x.MemberType  == MemberTypes.Property)
    var targetMembers = targetType.GetMembers()
        .Where(x => x.MemberType == MemberTypes.Property)
    var members = targetMembers
        .Where(x => sourceMembers
            .Select(y => y.Name)
    PropertyInfo propertyInfo;
    object value;
    foreach (var memberInfo in members)
        propertyInfo = typeof(T).GetProperty(memberInfo.Name);
        value = source.GetType().GetProperty(memberInfo.Name).GetValue(source, null);
        propertyInfo.SetValue(target, value, null);
    return (T)target;

Note that I changed the name of the extension as the Name Cast conflicts with results from Linq. Hat tip

How to get Tensorflow tensor dimensions (shape) as int values?

2.0 Compatible Answer: In Tensorflow 2.x (2.1), you can get the dimensions (shape) of the tensor as integer values, as shown in the Code below:

Method 1 (using tf.shape):

import tensorflow as tf
c = tf.constant([[1.0, 2.0, 3.0], [4.0, 5.0, 6.0]])
Shape = c.shape.as_list()
print(Shape)   # [2,3]

Method 2 (using tf.get_shape()):

import tensorflow as tf
c = tf.constant([[1.0, 2.0, 3.0], [4.0, 5.0, 6.0]])
Shape = c.get_shape().as_list()
print(Shape)   # [2,3]

How can I undo a `git commit` locally and on a remote after `git push`

You can do an interactive rebase:

git rebase -i <commit>

This will bring up your default editor. Just delete the line containing the commit you want to remove to delete that commit.

You will, of course, need access to the remote repository to apply this change there too.

See this question: Git: removing selected commits from repository

Wavy shape with css

My implementation uses the svg element in html and I also made a generator for making the wave you want:

<div style="height: 150px; overflow: hidden;">
  <svg viewBox="0 0 500 150" preserveAspectRatio="none" style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">
    <path d="M0.00,92.27 C216.83,192.92 304.30,8.39 500.00,109.03 L500.00,0.00 L0.00,0.00 Z" style="stroke: none;fill: #e1efe3;"></path>

.htaccess not working on localhost with XAMPP



instead of <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>

figure of imshow() is too small

That's strange, it definitely works for me:

from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

plt.figure(figsize = (20,2))
plt.imshow(random.rand(8, 90), interpolation='nearest')

I am using the "MacOSX" backend, btw.

php.ini: which one?

Although Pascal's answer was detailed and informative it failed to mention some key information in the assumption that everyone knows how to use phpinfo()

For those that don't:

Navigate to your webservers root folder such as /var/www/

Within this folder create a text file called info.php

Edit the file and type phpinfo()

Navigate to the file such as:

Here you will see the php.ini path under Loaded Configuration File:


Make sure you delete info.php when you are done.

$location / switching between html5 and hashbang mode / link rewriting

This took me a while to figure out so this is how I got it working - Angular WebAPI ASP Routing without the # for SEO

  1. add to Index.html - base href="/">
  2. Add $locationProvider.html5Mode(true); to app.config

  3. I needed a certain controller (which was in the home controller) to be ignored for uploading images so I added that rule to RouteConfig

            name: "Default2",
            url: "Home/{*.}",
            defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "SaveImage" }
  4. In Global.asax add the following - making sure to ignore api and image upload paths let them function as normal otherwise reroute everything else.

     private const string ROOT_DOCUMENT = "/Index.html";
    protected void Application_BeginRequest(Object sender, EventArgs e)
        var path = Request.Url.AbsolutePath;
        var isApi = path.StartsWith("/api", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);
        var isImageUpload = path.StartsWith("/home", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);
        if (isApi || isImageUpload)
        string url = Request.Url.LocalPath;
        if (!System.IO.File.Exists(Context.Server.MapPath(url)))
  5. Make sure to use $location.url('/XXX') and not window.location ... to redirect

  6. Reference the CSS files with absolute path

and not

<link href="app/content/bootstrapwc.css" rel="stylesheet" />

Final note - doing it this way gave me full control and I did not need to do anything to the web config.

Hope this helps as this took me a while to figure out.

Need help rounding to 2 decimal places

It is caused by a lack of precision with doubles / decimals (i.e. - the function will not always give the result you expect).

See the following link: MSDN on Math.Round

Here is the relevant quote:

Because of the loss of precision that can result from representing decimal values as floating-point numbers or performing arithmetic operations on floating-point values, in some cases the Round(Double, Int32, MidpointRounding) method may not appear to round midpoint values as specified by the mode parameter.This is illustrated in the following example, where 2.135 is rounded to 2.13 instead of 2.14.This occurs because internally the method multiplies value by 10digits, and the multiplication operation in this case suffers from a loss of precision.

Android: Color To Int conversion

Paint DOES have set color function.

 * Set the paint's color. Note that the color is an int containing alpha
 * as well as r,g,b. This 32bit value is not premultiplied, meaning that
 * its alpha can be any value, regardless of the values of r,g,b.
 * See the Color class for more details.
 * @param color The new color (including alpha) to set in the paint.
public native void setColor(@ColorInt int color);

As an Android developer, I set paint color like this...


I define the color value on color.xml something like...

<color name="xxx">#008fd2</color>

By the way if you want to the hex RGB value of specific color value, then you can check website like this:

I hope this helps ! Enjoy coding!

Accessing the logged-in user in a template

You can access user data directly in the twig template without requesting anything in the controller. The user is accessible like that : app.user.

Now, you can access every property of the user. For example, you can access the username like that : app.user.username.

Warning, if the user is not logged, the app.user is null.

If you want to check if the user is logged, you can use the is_granted twig function. For example, if you want to check if the user has ROLE_ADMIN, you just have to do is_granted("ROLE_ADMIN").

So, in every of your pages you can do :

{% if is_granted("ROLE") %}
    Hi {{ app.user.username }}
{% endif %}

Connect to external server by using phpMyAdmin

You can use the phpmyadmin setup page (./phpmyadmin/setup) to generate a new config file ( for you. This file is found at the root of the phpMyAdmin directory.

Just create the config folder as prompted in setup page, add your servers, then click the 'Save' button. This will create a new config file in the config folder you just created.

You now have only to move the file to the main phpMyAdmin folder, or just copy the lines concerning the servers if you got some old configuration done already you'd like to keep.

Don't forget to delete the config folder afterwards.

How to publish a website made by Node.js to Github Pages?

It's very simple steps to push your node js application from local to GitHub.


  1. First create a new repository on GitHub
  2. Open Git CMD installed to your system (Install GitHub Desktop)
  3. Clone the repository to your system with the command: git clone repo-url
  4. Now copy all your application files to this cloned library if it's not there
  5. Get everything ready to commit: git add -A
  6. Commit the tracked changes and prepares them to be pushed to a remote repository: git commit -a -m "First Commit"
  7. Push the changes in your local repository to GitHub: git push origin master

How to parse unix timestamp to time.Time

According to the go documentation, Unix returns a local time.

Unix returns the local Time corresponding to the given Unix time

This means the output would depend on the machine your code runs on, which, most often is what you need, but sometimes, you may want to have the value in UTC.

To do so, I adapted the snippet to make it return a time in UTC:

i, err := strconv.ParseInt("1405544146", 10, 64)
if err != nil {
tm := time.Unix(i, 0)

This prints on my machine (in CEST)

2014-07-16 20:55:46 +0000 UTC

Haversine Formula in Python (Bearing and Distance between two GPS points)

There is also a vectorized implementation, which allows to use 4 numpy arrays instead of scalar values for coordinates:

def distance(s_lat, s_lng, e_lat, e_lng):

   # approximate radius of earth in km
   R = 6373.0

   s_lat = s_lat*np.pi/180.0                      
   s_lng = np.deg2rad(s_lng)     
   e_lat = np.deg2rad(e_lat)                       
   e_lng = np.deg2rad(e_lng)  

   d = np.sin((e_lat - s_lat)/2)**2 + np.cos(s_lat)*np.cos(e_lat) * np.sin((e_lng - s_lng)/2)**2

   return 2 * R * np.arcsin(np.sqrt(d))

How to know Hive and Hadoop versions from command prompt?

$ hadoop version
Hadoop 0.20.2-cdh3u4

Not sure you can get the Hive version from the command line, though. Maybe you could use something like the hive.hwi.war.file property or pull it out of the classpath, though.

How to validate a date?

This is ES6 (with let declaration).

function checkExistingDate(year, month, day){ // year, month and day should be numbers
     // months are intended from 1 to 12
    let months31 = [1,3,5,7,8,10,12]; // months with 31 days
    let months30 = [4,6,9,11]; // months with 30 days
    let months28 = [2]; // the only month with 28 days (29 if year isLeap)

    let isLeap = ((year % 4 === 0) && (year % 100 !== 0)) || (year % 400 === 0);

    let valid = (months31.indexOf(month)!==-1 && day <= 31) || (months30.indexOf(month)!==-1 && day <= 30) || (months28.indexOf(month)!==-1 && day <= 28) || (months28.indexOf(month)!==-1 && day <= 29 && isLeap);

    return valid; // it returns true or false

In this case I've intended months from 1 to 12. If you prefer or use the 0-11 based model, you can just change the arrays with:

let months31 = [0,2,4,6,7,9,11];
let months30 = [3,5,8,10];
let months28 = [1];

If your date is in form dd/mm/yyyy than you can take off day, month and year function parameters, and do this to retrieve them:

let arrayWithDayMonthYear = myDateInString.split('/');
let year = parseInt(arrayWithDayMonthYear[2]);
let month  = parseInt(arrayWithDayMonthYear[1]);
let day = parseInt(arrayWithDayMonthYear[0]);

How to make div background color transparent in CSS

It might be a little late to the discussion but inevitably someone will stumble onto this post like I did. I found the answer I was looking for and thought I'd post my own take on it. The following JSfiddle includes how to layer .PNG's with transparency. Jerska's mention of the transparency attribute for the div's CSS was the solution:


   <button id="toggle-box">toggle</button>
   <div id="box" style="display:none;" ><img src="x"></div>
   <button id="toggle-box2">toggle</button>
   <div id="box2" style="display:none;"><img src="xx"></div>
   <button id="toggle-box3">toggle</button>
   <div id="box3" style="display:none;" ><img src="xxx"></div>


#box {
background-color: #ffffff;
width: 1200px;
position: absolute;
#box2 {
background-color: #ffffff;
width: 1200px;
position: absolute;
background-color : transparent;
      #box3 {
background-color: #ffffff;
width: 1200px;
position: absolute;
background-color : transparent;
 body {background-color:#c0c0c0; }


$('#toggle-box').click().toggle(function() {
$('#box').animate({ width: 'show' });
}, function() {
$('#box').animate({ width: 'hide' });

$('#toggle-box2').click().toggle(function() {
$('#box2').animate({ width: 'show' });
}, function() {
$('#box2').animate({ width: 'hide' });
$('#toggle-box3').click().toggle(function() {
$('#box3').animate({ width: 'show' });
 }, function() {
$('#box3').animate({ width: 'hide' });

And my original inspiration: I also used for creating the transparent PNG's, or rather the PNG's with transparent BG's.

Checking if a variable is an integer

I have had a similar issue before trying to determine if something is a string or any sort of number whatsoever. I have tried using a regular expression, but that is not reliable for my use case. Instead, you can check the variable's class to see if it is a descendant of the Numeric class.

if column.class < Numeric

In this situation, you could also substitute for any of the Numeric descendants: BigDecimal, Date::Infinity, Integer, Fixnum, Float, Bignum, Rational, Complex

HTML - Display image after selecting filename

Here You Go:


<!DOCTYPE html>
<link class="jsbin" href="" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
<script class="jsbin" src=""></script>
<script class="jsbin" src=""></script>
<meta charset=utf-8 />
<title>JS Bin</title>
<!--[if IE]>
  <script src=""></script>
  article, aside, figure, footer, header, hgroup, 
  menu, nav, section { display: block; }
  <input type='file' onchange="readURL(this);" />
    <img id="blah" src="#" alt="your image" />


function readURL(input) {
        if (input.files && input.files[0]) {
            var reader = new FileReader();

            reader.onload = function (e) {


Live Demo

openssl s_client -cert: Proving a client certificate was sent to the server

In order to verify a client certificate is being sent to the server, you need to analyze the output from the combination of the -state and -debug flags.

First as a baseline, try running

$ openssl s_client -connect host:443 -state -debug

You'll get a ton of output, but the lines we are interested in look like this:

SSL_connect:SSLv3 read server done A
write to 0x211efb0 [0x21ced50] (12 bytes => 12 (0xC))
0000 - 16 03 01 00 07 0b 00 00-03                        .........
000c - <SPACES/NULS>
SSL_connect:SSLv3 write client certificate A

What's happening here:

  • The -state flag is responsible for displaying the end of the previous section:

    SSL_connect:SSLv3 read server done A  

    This is only important for helping you find your place in the output.

  • Then the -debug flag is showing the raw bytes being sent in the next step:

    write to 0x211efb0 [0x21ced50] (12 bytes => 12 (0xC))
    0000 - 16 03 01 00 07 0b 00 00-03                        .........
    000c - <SPACES/NULS>
  • Finally, the -state flag is once again reporting the result of the step that -debug just echoed:

    SSL_connect:SSLv3 write client certificate A

So in other words: s_client finished reading data sent from the server, and sent 12 bytes to the server as (what I assume is) a "no client certificate" message.

If you repeat the test, but this time include the -cert and -key flags like this:

$ openssl s_client -connect host:443 \
   -cert cert_and_key.pem \
   -key cert_and_key.pem  \
   -state -debug

your output between the "read server done" line and the "write client certificate" line will be much longer, representing the binary form of your client certificate:

SSL_connect:SSLv3 read server done A
write to 0x7bd970 [0x86d890] (1576 bytes => 1576 (0x628))
0000 - 16 03 01 06 23 0b 00 06-1f 00 06 1c 00 06 19 31   ....#..........1
0620 - 95 ca 5e f4 2f 6c 43 11-                          ..^%/lC.
SSL_connect:SSLv3 write client certificate A

The 1576 bytes is an excellent indication on its own that the cert was transmitted, but on top of that, the right-hand column will show parts of the certificate that are human-readable: You should be able to recognize the CN and issuer strings of your cert in there.

Bootstrap change carousel height

From Bootstrap 4

    height: 200px;
.carousel-item img{
    height: 200px;

What are the calling conventions for UNIX & Linux system calls (and user-space functions) on i386 and x86-64

Further reading for any of the topics here: The Definitive Guide to Linux System Calls

I verified these using GNU Assembler (gas) on Linux.

Kernel Interface

x86-32 aka i386 Linux System Call convention:

In x86-32 parameters for Linux system call are passed using registers. %eax for syscall_number. %ebx, %ecx, %edx, %esi, %edi, %ebp are used for passing 6 parameters to system calls.

The return value is in %eax. All other registers (including EFLAGS) are preserved across the int $0x80.

I took following snippet from the Linux Assembly Tutorial but I'm doubtful about this. If any one can show an example, it would be great.

If there are more than six arguments, %ebx must contain the memory location where the list of arguments is stored - but don't worry about this because it's unlikely that you'll use a syscall with more than six arguments.

For an example and a little more reading, refer to Another example of a Hello World for i386 Linux using int 0x80: Hello, world in assembly language with Linux system calls?

There is a faster way to make 32-bit system calls: using sysenter. The kernel maps a page of memory into every process (the vDSO), with the user-space side of the sysenter dance, which has to cooperate with the kernel for it to be able to find the return address. Arg to register mapping is the same as for int $0x80. You should normally call into the vDSO instead of using sysenter directly. (See The Definitive Guide to Linux System Calls for info on linking and calling into the vDSO, and for more info on sysenter, and everything else to do with system calls.)

x86-32 [Free|Open|Net|DragonFly]BSD UNIX System Call convention:

Parameters are passed on the stack. Push the parameters (last parameter pushed first) on to the stack. Then push an additional 32-bit of dummy data (Its not actually dummy data. refer to following link for more info) and then give a system call instruction int $0x80

x86-64 Linux System Call convention:

(Note: x86-64 Mac OS X is similar but different from Linux. TODO: check what *BSD does)

Refer to section: "A.2 AMD64 Linux Kernel Conventions" of System V Application Binary Interface AMD64 Architecture Processor Supplement. The latest versions of the i386 and x86-64 System V psABIs can be found linked from this page in the ABI maintainer's repo. (See also the tag wiki for up-to-date ABI links and lots of other good stuff about x86 asm.)

Here is the snippet from this section:

  1. User-level applications use as integer registers for passing the sequence %rdi, %rsi, %rdx, %rcx, %r8 and %r9. The kernel interface uses %rdi, %rsi, %rdx, %r10, %r8 and %r9.
  2. A system-call is done via the syscall instruction. This clobbers %rcx and %r11 as well as the %rax return value, but other registers are preserved.
  3. The number of the syscall has to be passed in register %rax.
  4. System-calls are limited to six arguments, no argument is passed directly on the stack.
  5. Returning from the syscall, register %rax contains the result of the system-call. A value in the range between -4095 and -1 indicates an error, it is -errno.
  6. Only values of class INTEGER or class MEMORY are passed to the kernel.

Remember this is from the Linux-specific appendix to the ABI, and even for Linux it's informative not normative. (But it is in fact accurate.)

This 32-bit int $0x80 ABI is usable in 64-bit code (but highly not recommended). What happens if you use the 32-bit int 0x80 Linux ABI in 64-bit code? It still truncates its inputs to 32-bit, so it's unsuitable for pointers, and it zeros r8-r11.

User Interface: function calling

x86-32 Function Calling convention:

In x86-32 parameters were passed on stack. Last parameter was pushed first on to the stack until all parameters are done and then call instruction was executed. This is used for calling C library (libc) functions on Linux from assembly.

Modern versions of the i386 System V ABI (used on Linux) require 16-byte alignment of %esp before a call, like the x86-64 System V ABI has always required. Callees are allowed to assume that and use SSE 16-byte loads/stores that fault on unaligned. But historically, Linux only required 4-byte stack alignment, so it took extra work to reserve naturally-aligned space even for an 8-byte double or something.

Some other modern 32-bit systems still don't require more than 4 byte stack alignment.

x86-64 System V user-space Function Calling convention:

x86-64 System V passes args in registers, which is more efficient than i386 System V's stack args convention. It avoids the latency and extra instructions of storing args to memory (cache) and then loading them back again in the callee. This works well because there are more registers available, and is better for modern high-performance CPUs where latency and out-of-order execution matter. (The i386 ABI is very old).

In this new mechanism: First the parameters are divided into classes. The class of each parameter determines the manner in which it is passed to the called function.

For complete information refer to : "3.2 Function Calling Sequence" of System V Application Binary Interface AMD64 Architecture Processor Supplement which reads, in part:

Once arguments are classified, the registers get assigned (in left-to-right order) for passing as follows:

  1. If the class is MEMORY, pass the argument on the stack.
  2. If the class is INTEGER, the next available register of the sequence %rdi, %rsi, %rdx, %rcx, %r8 and %r9 is used

So %rdi, %rsi, %rdx, %rcx, %r8 and %r9 are the registers in order used to pass integer/pointer (i.e. INTEGER class) parameters to any libc function from assembly. %rdi is used for the first INTEGER parameter. %rsi for 2nd, %rdx for 3rd and so on. Then call instruction should be given. The stack (%rsp) must be 16B-aligned when call executes.

If there are more than 6 INTEGER parameters, the 7th INTEGER parameter and later are passed on the stack. (Caller pops, same as x86-32.)

The first 8 floating point args are passed in %xmm0-7, later on the stack. There are no call-preserved vector registers. (A function with a mix of FP and integer arguments can have more than 8 total register arguments.)

Variadic functions (like printf) always need %al = the number of FP register args.

There are rules for when to pack structs into registers (rdx:rax on return) vs. in memory. See the ABI for details, and check compiler output to make sure your code agrees with compilers about how something should be passed/returned.

Note that the Windows x64 function calling convention has multiple significant differences from x86-64 System V, like shadow space that must be reserved by the caller (instead of a red-zone), and call-preserved xmm6-xmm15. And very different rules for which arg goes in which register.

How to apply !important using .css()?

David Thomas’s answer describes a way to use $('#elem').attr('style', …), but warns that using it will delete previously-set styles in the style attribute. Here is a way of using attr() without that problem:

var $elem = $('#elem');
$elem.attr('style', $elem.attr('style') + '; ' + 'width: 100px !important');

As a function:

function addStyleAttribute($element, styleAttribute) {
    $element.attr('style', $element.attr('style') + '; ' + styleAttribute);
addStyleAttribute($('#elem'), 'width: 100px !important');

Here is a JS Bin demo.

Window.Open with PDF stream instead of PDF location

It looks like will take a Data URI as the location parameter.

So you can open it like this from the question: Opening PDF String in new window with javascript:"data:application/pdf;base64, " + base64EncodedPDF);

Here's an runnable example in plunker, and sample pdf file that's already base64 encoded.

Then on the server, you can convert the byte array to base64 encoding like this:

string fileName = @"C:\TEMP\TEST.pdf";
byte[] pdfByteArray = System.IO.File.ReadAllBytes(fileName);
string base64EncodedPDF = System.Convert.ToBase64String(pdfByteArray);

NOTE: This seems difficult to implement in IE because the URL length is prohibitively small for sending an entire PDF.

How to store token in Local or Session Storage in Angular 2?

var arr=[{"username":"sai","email":"[email protected],"}]
localStorage.setItem('logInArr', JSON.stringfy(arr))

How to add http:// if it doesn't exist in the URL

Try this. It is not watertight1, but it might be good enough:

function addhttp($url) {
    if (!preg_match("@^[hf]tt?ps?://@", $url)) {
        $url = "http://" . $url;
    return $url;

1. That is, prefixes like "fttps://" are treated as valid.

Sort a list by multiple attributes?

Several years late to the party but I want to both sort on 2 criteria and use reverse=True. In case someone else wants to know how, you can wrap your criteria (functions) in parenthesis:

s = sorted(my_list, key=lambda i: ( criteria_1(i), criteria_2(i) ), reverse=True)

Empty or Null value display in SSRS text boxes

I would disagree with converting it on the server side. If you do that it's going to come back as a string type rather than a date type with all that entails (it will sort as a string for example)

My principle when dealing with dates is to keep them typed as a date for as long as you possibly can.

If your facing a performance bottleneck on the report server there are better ways to handle it than compromising your logic.

jQuery .find() on data from .ajax() call is returning "[object Object]" instead of div

You should add dataType: "html" to the request. Im quite sure you wont be able to search the DOM of the returned html if it doesnt know it is html.

SQL Server - Convert date field to UTC

Unless I missed something above (possible), all of the methods above are flawed in that they don't take the overlap when switching from daylight savings (say EDT) to standard time (say EST) into account. A (very verbose) example:

[1] EDT 2016-11-06 00:59 - UTC 2016-11-06 04:59
[2] EDT 2016-11-06 01:00 - UTC 2016-11-06 05:00
[3] EDT 2016-11-06 01:30 - UTC 2016-11-06 05:30
[4] EDT 2016-11-06 01:59 - UTC 2016-11-06 05:59
[5] EST 2016-11-06 01:00 - UTC 2016-11-06 06:00
[6] EST 2016-11-06 01:30 - UTC 2016-11-06 06:30
[7] EST 2016-11-06 01:59 - UTC 2016-11-06 06:59
[8] EST 2016-11-06 02:00 - UTC 2016-11-06 07:00

Simple hour offsets based on date and time won't cut it. If you don't know if the local time was recorded in EDT or EST between 01:00 and 01:59, you won't have a clue! Let's use 01:30 for example: if you find later times in the range 01:31 through 01:59 BEFORE it, you won't know if the 01:30 you're looking at is [3 or [6. In this case, you can get the correct UTC time with a bit of coding be looking at previous entries (not fun in SQL), and this is the BEST case...

Say you have the following local times recorded, and didn't dedicate a bit to indicate EDT or EST:

                     UTC time         UTC time         UTC time
                     if [2] and [3]   if [2] and [3]   if [2] before
local time           before switch    after switch     and [3] after
[1] 2016-11-06 00:43     04:43         04:43           04:43
[2] 2016-11-06 01:15     05:15         06:15           05:15
[3] 2016-11-06 01:45     05:45         06:45           06:45
[4] 2016-11-06 03:25     07:25         07:25           07:25

Times [2] and [3] may be in the 5 AM timeframe, the 6 AM timeframe, or one in the 5 AM and the other in the 6 AM timeframe . . . In other words: you are hosed, and must throw out all readings between 01:00:00 and 01:59:59. In this circumstance, there is absolutely no way to resolve the actual UTC time!

Optimal number of threads per core

If your threads don't do I/O, synchronization, etc., and there's nothing else running, 1 thread per core will get you the best performance. However that very likely not the case. Adding more threads usually helps, but after some point, they cause some performance degradation.

Not long ago, I was doing performance testing on a 2 quad-core machine running an ASP.NET application on Mono under a pretty decent load. We played with the minimum and maximum number of threads and in the end we found out that for that particular application in that particular configuration the best throughput was somewhere between 36 and 40 threads. Anything outside those boundaries performed worse. Lesson learned? If I were you, I would test with different number of threads until you find the right number for your application.

One thing for sure: 4k threads will take longer. That's a lot of context switches.

How to convert XML to JSON in Python?

I think the XML format can be so diverse that it's impossible to write a code that could do this without a very strict defined XML format. Here is what I mean:

        <name>Koen Bok</name>
        <name>Plutor Heidepeen</name>

Would become

{'persons': [
    {'name': 'Koen Bok', 'age': 26},
    {'name': 'Plutor Heidepeen', 'age': 33}]

But what would this be:

    <person name="Koen Bok">
        <locations name="defaults">
            <location long=123 lat=384 />

See what I mean?

Edit: just found this article:

How do I get the opposite (negation) of a Boolean in Python?

Another way to achieve the same outcome, which I found useful for a pandas dataframe.

As suggested below by mousetail:

bool(1 - False)

bool(1 - True)

How do I temporarily disable triggers in PostgreSQL?

SET session_replication_role = replica;  

also dosent work for me in Postgres 9.1. i use the two function described by bartolo-otrit with some modification. I modified the first function to make it work for me because the namespace or the schema must be present to identify the table correctly. The new code is :

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION disable_triggers(a boolean, nsp character varying)
act character varying;
r record;
    if(a is true) then
        act = 'disable';
        act = 'enable';
    end if;

    for r in select c.relname from pg_namespace n
        join pg_class c on c.relnamespace = n.oid and c.relhastriggers = true
        where n.nspname = nsp
        execute format('alter table %I.%I %s trigger all', nsp,r.relname, act); 
    end loop;
  COST 100;
ALTER FUNCTION disable_triggers(boolean, character varying)
  OWNER TO postgres;

then i simply do a select query for every schema :

SELECT disable_triggers(true,'public');
SELECT disable_triggers(true,'Adempiere');

Effect of using sys.path.insert(0, path) and sys.path(append) when loading modules

I'm quite a beginner in Python and I found the answer of Anand was very good but quite complicated to me, so I try to reformulate :

1) insert and append methods are not specific to sys.path and as in other languages they add an item into a list or array and :
* append(item) add item to the end of the list,
* insert(n, item) inserts the item at the nth position in the list (0 at the beginning, 1 after the first element, etc ...).

2) As Anand said, python search the import files in each directory of the path in the order of the path, so :
* If you have no file name collisions, the order of the path has no impact,
* If you look after a function already defined in the path and you use append to add your path, you will not get your function but the predefined one.

But I think that it is better to use append and not insert to not overload the standard behaviour of Python, and use non-ambiguous names for your files and methods.

adb not finding my device / phone (MacOS X)

Simply changing the cable and Authorizing the Mac worked for me!

Get the Application Context In Fragment In Android?

you can define a global variable :

private Context globalContext = null;

and in the onCreate method, initialize it :

globalContext = this.getActivity();

And by that you can use the "globalContext" variable in all your fragment functions/methods.

Good luck.

JavaScript naming conventions

I follow Douglas Crockford's code conventions for JavaScript. I also use his JSLint tool to validate following those conventions.

Including non-Python files with

In under setup( :

   name = 'foo library'
   'foolibrary.folderA': ['*'],     # All files from folder A
   'foolibrary.folderB': ['*.txt']  #All text files from folder B

Accessing Google Spreadsheets with C# using Google Data API

This Twilio blog page made on March 24, 2017 by Marcos Placona may be helpful.

Google Spreadsheets and .NET Core

It references Google.Api.Sheets.v4 and OAuth2.

converting numbers in to words C#

public static string NumberToWords(int number)
    if (number == 0)
        return "zero";

    if (number < 0)
        return "minus " + NumberToWords(Math.Abs(number));

    string words = "";

    if ((number / 1000000) > 0)
        words += NumberToWords(number / 1000000) + " million ";
        number %= 1000000;

    if ((number / 1000) > 0)
        words += NumberToWords(number / 1000) + " thousand ";
        number %= 1000;

    if ((number / 100) > 0)
        words += NumberToWords(number / 100) + " hundred ";
        number %= 100;

    if (number > 0)
        if (words != "")
            words += "and ";

        var unitsMap = new[] { "zero", "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "six", "seven", "eight", "nine", "ten", "eleven", "twelve", "thirteen", "fourteen", "fifteen", "sixteen", "seventeen", "eighteen", "nineteen" };
        var tensMap = new[] { "zero", "ten", "twenty", "thirty", "forty", "fifty", "sixty", "seventy", "eighty", "ninety" };

        if (number < 20)
            words += unitsMap[number];
            words += tensMap[number / 10];
            if ((number % 10) > 0)
                words += "-" + unitsMap[number % 10];

    return words;

Resource interpreted as Document but transferred with MIME type application/json warning in Chrome Developer Tools

It's actually a quirk in Chrome, not the JavaScript library. Here's the fix:

To prevent the message appearing and also allow chrome to render the response nicely as JSON in the console, append a query string to your request URL.


var xhr_object = new XMLHttpRequest();

var url = ''; // Using this one, Chrome throws error

var url = ''; // Using this one, Chrome works'POST', url, false);

How do I URL encode a string

Apple's advice, in the 10.11 release notes, is:

If you need to percent-encode an entire URL string, you can use this code to encode a NSString intended to be a URL (in urlStringToEncode):

NSString *percentEncodedURLString =
  [[NSURL URLWithDataRepresentation:[urlStringToEncode dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding] relativeToURL:nil] relativeString];

How to run a function when the page is loaded?

window.onload = function() { ... etc. is not a great answer.

This will likely work, but it will also break any other functions already hooking to that event. Or, if another function hooks into that event after yours, it will break yours. So, you can spend lots of hours later trying to figure out why something that was working isn't anymore.

A more robust answer here:

if(window.attachEvent) {
    window.attachEvent('onload', yourFunctionName);
} else {
    if(window.onload) {
        var curronload = window.onload;
        var newonload = function(evt) {
        window.onload = newonload;
    } else {
        window.onload = yourFunctionName;

Some code I have been using, I forget where I found it to give the author credit.

function my_function() {
    // whatever code I want to run after page load
if (window.attachEvent) {window.attachEvent('onload', my_function);}
else if (window.addEventListener) {window.addEventListener('load', my_function, false);}
else {document.addEventListener('load', my_function, false);}

Hope this helps :)

H.264 file size for 1 hr of HD video

I'm a friend of keeping the original files, so that you can still use the archived original ones and do new encodes from these fresh ones when the old transcodes are out of date. eg. migrating them from previously transocded mpeg2-hd to mpeg4-hd (and perhaps from mpeg4-hd to its successor in sometime). but all of these should be done from the original. any compression step will followed by a loss of quality. it will need some time to redo this again, but in my opinion it's worth the effort.

so, if you want to keep the originals, you can use the running time in seconds of you tapes times the maximum datarate of hdv (constants 27mbit/s I think) to get your needed storage capacity

LaTeX package for syntax highlighting of code in various languages

I mostly use lstlistings in papers, but for coloured output (for slides) I use pygments instead.

Importing larger sql files into MySQL

Since you state (in a clarification comment to another person's answer) that you are using MySQL Workbench, you could try using the "sql script" option there. This will avoid the need to use the commandline (although I agree with the other answer that it's good to climb up on that horse and learn to ride).

  1. In MySQL Workbench, go to File menu, then select "open script". This is probably going to take a long time and might even crash the app since it's not made to open things that are as big as what you describe.

  2. The better way is to use the commandline. Make sure you have MySQL client installed on your machine. This means the actual MySQL (not Workbench GUI or PhpMyAdmin or anything like that). Here is a link describing the command-line tool. Once you have that downloaded and installed, open a terminal window on your machine, and you have two choices for slurping data from your file system (such as in a backup file) up into your target database. One is to use 'source' command and the other is to use the < redirection operator.

Option 1: from the directory where your backup file is:

$mysql -u username -p -h hostname databasename < backupfile.sql

Option 2: from the directory where your backup file is:

$mysql -u username -p -h hostname
[enter your password]
> use databasename;
> source backupfile.sql

Obviously, both of these options require that you have a backup file that is SQL.

How to install python developer package?

If you use yum search you can find the python dev package for your version of python.

For me I was using python 3.5. I ran the following

yum search python | grep devel

Which returned the following

enter image description here

I was then able to install the correct package for my version of python with the following cmd.

sudo yum install python35u-devel.x86_64

This works on centos for ubuntu or debian you would need to use apt-get

How to customize listview using baseadapter


<RelativeLayout xmlns:android=""
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >

        android:layout_alignParentTop="true" >




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android=""
    android:orientation="vertical" >

        android:layout_height="wrap_content" >

            android:orientation="vertical" >

                android:orientation="vertical" >

                    android:textStyle="bold" />

                android:orientation="vertical" >

                    android:textColor="#606060" />

            android:src="@drawable/ic_launcher" />



package com.example.sample;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    ListView l1;
    String[] t1={"video1","video2"};
    String[] d1={"lesson1","lesson2"};
    int[] i1 ={R.drawable.ic_launcher,R.drawable.ic_launcher};

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        l1.setAdapter(new dataListAdapter(t1,d1,i1));

    class dataListAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
        String[] Title, Detail;
        int[] imge;

        dataListAdapter() {
            Title = null;
            Detail = null;

        public dataListAdapter(String[] text, String[] text1,int[] text3) {
            Title = text;
            Detail = text1;
            imge = text3;


        public int getCount() {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return Title.length;

        public Object getItem(int arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return null;

        public long getItemId(int position) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return position;

        public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

            LayoutInflater inflater = getLayoutInflater();
            View row;
            row = inflater.inflate(R.layout.custom, parent, false);
            TextView title, detail;
            ImageView i1;
            title = (TextView) row.findViewById(;
            detail = (TextView) row.findViewById(;

            return (row);

Try this.

Errors: "INSERT EXEC statement cannot be nested." and "Cannot use the ROLLBACK statement within an INSERT-EXEC statement." How to solve this?

This is a common issue when attempting to 'bubble' up data from a chain of stored procedures. A restriction in SQL Server is you can only have one INSERT-EXEC active at a time. I recommend looking at How to Share Data Between Stored Procedures which is a very thorough article on patterns to work around this type of problem.

For example a work around could be to turn Sp3 into a Table-valued function.

Converting char[] to byte[]

Edit: Andrey's answer has been updated so the following no longer applies.

Andrey's answer (the highest voted at the time of writing) is slightly incorrect. I would have added this as comment but I am not reputable enough.

In Andrey's answer:

char[] chars = {'c', 'h', 'a', 'r', 's'}
byte[] bytes = Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(CharBuffer.wrap(chars)).array();

the call to array() may not return the desired value, for example:

char[] c = "aaaaaaaaaa".toCharArray();


[97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 0]

As can be seen a zero byte has been added. To avoid this use the following:

char[] c = "aaaaaaaaaa".toCharArray();
ByteBuffer bb = Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(CharBuffer.wrap(c));
byte[] b = new byte[bb.remaining()];


[97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97, 97]

As the answer also alluded to using passwords it might be worth blanking out the array that backs the ByteBuffer (accessed via the array() function):

ByteBuffer bb = Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(CharBuffer.wrap(c));
byte[] b = new byte[bb.remaining()];

How to change my Git username in terminal?

There is a easy solution for that problem, the solution is removed the certificate the yours Keychain, the previous thing will cause that it asks again to the user and password.


  1. Open keychain access

enter image description here

  1. Search the certificate

  2. Remove certificate.

  3. Execute any operation with git in your terminal. this again ask your username and password.

For Windows Users find the key chain by following:

Control Panel >> User Account >> Credential Manager >> Windows Credential >> Generic Credential

Adding an onclick function to go to url in JavaScript?


 window.location = url;

Also use;

if you want to open in a new window.

Not equal string

It should be this:

if (myString!="-1")
//Do things

Your equals and exclamation are the wrong way round.

Import a custom class in Java

First off, avoid using the default package.

Second of all, you don't need to import the class; it's in the same package.

"SSL certificate verify failed" using pip to install packages

As stated here in previous versions of python Apple supplied the OpenSSL packages but does not anymore.

Running the command pip install certifi and then pip install Scrapy fixed it for me

How can I select the first day of a month in SQL?

For anyone still looking for an answer, this works like a charm and does away with any dateadds. The timestamp is optional, in case it needs specifying, but works without as well.

SELECT left(convert(varchar, getdate(),23),7)+'-01 00:00:00'

Regular expression field validation in jQuery

Unless you're looking for something specific, you can already do Regular Expression matching using regular Javascript with strings.

For example, you can do matching using a string by something like this...

var phrase = "This is a phrase";
phrase = phrase.replace(/is/i, "is not");

Is there something you're looking for other than just Regular Expression matching in general?

Multiple WHERE clause in Linq


The LINQ translator is smart enough to execute:

.Where(r => r.UserName !="XXXX" && r.UsernName !="YYYY")

I've test this in LinqPad ==> YES, Linq translator is smart enough :))

Using --add-host or extra_hosts with docker-compose

I have great news: this will be in Compose 1.3!

I'm using it in the current RC (RC1) like this:

  build: rng

How to auto adjust the <div> height according to content in it?

If you haven't gotten the answer yet, your "float:left;" is messing up what you want. In your HTML create a container below your closing tags that have floating applied. For this container, include this as your style:

#container {


How to pass the -D System properties while testing on Eclipse?

This will work for junit. for TestNG use following command

-ea -Dmykey="value" -Dmykey2="value2"

How to check if an object is a certain type

In VB.NET, you need to use the GetType method to retrieve the type of an instance of an object, and the GetType() operator to retrieve the type of another known type.

Once you have the two types, you can simply compare them using the Is operator.

So your code should actually be written like this:

Sub FillCategories(ByVal Obj As Object)
    Dim cmd As New SqlCommand("sp_Resources_Categories", Conn)
    cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure
    Obj.DataSource = cmd.ExecuteReader
    If Obj.GetType() Is GetType(System.Web.UI.WebControls.DropDownList) Then

    End If
End Sub

You can also use the TypeOf operator instead of the GetType method. Note that this tests if your object is compatible with the given type, not that it is the same type. That would look like this:

If TypeOf Obj Is System.Web.UI.WebControls.DropDownList Then

End If

Totally trivial, irrelevant nitpick: Traditionally, the names of parameters are camelCased (which means they always start with a lower-case letter) when writing .NET code (either VB.NET or C#). This makes them easy to distinguish at a glance from classes, types, methods, etc.

How to make a local variable (inside a function) global

If you need access to the internal states of a function, you're possibly better off using a class. You can make a class instance behave like a function by making it a callable, which is done by defining __call__:

class StatefulFunction( object ):
    def __init__( self ):
        self.public_value = 'foo'

    def __call__( self ):
        return self.public_value

>> f = StatefulFunction()
>> f()
>> f.public_value = 'bar'
>> f()

Code-first vs Model/Database-first

I think one of the Advantages of code first is that you can back up all the changes you've made to a version control system like Git. Because all your tables and relationships are stored in what are essentially just classes, you can go back in time and see what the structure of your database was before.

Adjust UILabel height depending on the text

The easiest and better way that worked for me was to apply height constraint to label and set the priority to low, i.e., (250) in storyboard.

So you need not worry about calculating the height and width programmatically, thanks to storyboard.

File Upload to HTTP server in iphone programming

I thought I would add some server side php code to this answer for any beginners that read this post and are struggling to figure out how to receive the file on the server side and save the file to the filesystem.

I realize that this answer does not directly answer the OP's question, but since Brandon's answer is sufficient for the iOS device side of uploading and he mentions that some knowledge of php is necessary, I thought I would fill in the php gap with this answer.

Here is a class I put together with some sample usage code. Note that the files are stored in directories based on which user is uploading them. This may or may not be applicable to your use, but I thought I'd leave it in place just in case.


class upload
    protected $user;

    protected $isImage;
    protected $isMovie;

    protected $file;
    protected $uploadFilename;
    protected $uploadDirectory;
    protected $fileSize;
    protected $fileTmpName;
    protected $fileType;
    protected $fileExtension;

    protected $saveFilePath;

    protected $allowedExtensions;

function __construct($file, $userPointer)
    // set the file we're uploading
    $this->file = $file;

    // if this is tied to a user, link the user account here
    $this->user = $userPointer;

    // set default bool values to false since we don't know what file type is being uploaded yet
    $this->isImage   = FALSE;
    $this->isMovie   = FALSE;

    // setup file properties
    if (isset($this->file) && !empty($this->file))
        $this->uploadFilename   = $this->file['file']['name'];
        $this->fileSize         = $this->file['file']['size'];
        $this->fileTmpName      = $this->file['file']['tmp_name'];
        $this->fileType         = $this->file['file']['type'];
        throw new Exception('Received empty data. No file found to upload.');

    // get the file extension of the file we're trying to upload
    $tmp = explode('.', $this->uploadFilename);
    $this->fileExtension        = strtolower(end($tmp));


public function image($postParams)
    // set default error alert (or whatever you want to return if error)
    $retVal = array('alert' => '115');

    // set our bool
    $this->isImage = TRUE;

    // set our type limits
    $this->allowedExtensions    = array("png");

    // setup destination directory path (without filename yet)
    $this->uploadDirectory      = DIR_IMG_UPLOADS.$this->user->uid."/photos/";

    // if user is not subscribed they are allowed only one image, clear their folder here
    if ($this->user->isSubscribed() == FALSE)

    // try to upload the file
    $success = $this->startUpload();

    if ($success === TRUE)
        // return the image name (NOTE: this wipes the error alert set above)
        $retVal = array(
                        'imageName' =>  $this->uploadFilename,

    return $retVal;

public function movie($data)
    // update php settings to handle larger uploads

    // you may need to increase allowed filesize as well if your server is not set with a high enough limit

    // set default return value (error code for upload failed)
    $retVal = array('alert' => '92');

    // set our bool
    $this->isMovie = TRUE;

    // set our allowed movie types
    $this->allowedExtensions = array("mov", "mp4", "mpv", "3gp");

    // setup destination path
    $this->uploadDirectory = DIR_IMG_UPLOADS.$this->user->uid."/movies/";

    // only upload the movie if the user is a subscriber
    if ($this->user->isSubscribed())
        // try to upload the file
        $success = $this->startUpload();

        if ($success === TRUE)
            // file uploaded so set the new retval
            $retVal = array('movieName' => $this->uploadFilename);
        // return an error code so user knows this is a limited access feature
        $retVal = array('alert' => '13');

    return $retVal;

//                          Upload Process Methods

private function startUpload()
    // see if there are any errors

    // validate the type received is correct

    // check the filesize

    // create the directory for the user if it does not exist

    // generate a local file name

    // verify that the file is an uploaded file

    // save the image to the appropriate folder
    $success = $this->saveFileToDisk();

    // return TRUE/FALSE
    return $success;

private function checkForUploadErrors()
    if ($this->file['file']['error'] != 0)
        throw new Exception($this->file['file']['error']);

private function checkFileExtension()
    if ($this->isImage)
        // check if we are in fact uploading a png image, if not return error
        if (!(in_array($this->fileExtension, $this->allowedExtensions)) || $this->fileType != 'image/png' || exif_imagetype($this->fileTmpName) != IMAGETYPE_PNG)
            throw new Exception('Unsupported image type. The image must be of type png.');
    else if ($this->isMovie)
        // check if we are in fact uploading an accepted movie type
        if (!(in_array($this->fileExtension, $this->allowedExtensions)) || $this->fileType != 'video/mov')
            throw new Exception('Unsupported movie type. Accepted movie types are .mov, .mp4, .mpv, or .3gp');

private function checkFileSize()
    if ($this->isImage)
        if($this->fileSize > TenMB)
            throw new Exception('The image filesize must be under 10MB.');
    else if ($this->isMovie)
        if($this->fileSize > TwentyFiveMB) 
            throw new Exception('The movie filesize must be under 25MB.');

private function createUserDirectoryIfNotExists()
    if (!file_exists($this->uploadDirectory)) 
        mkdir($this->uploadDirectory, 0755, true);
        if ($this->isMovie)
            // clear any prior uploads from the directory (only one movie file per user)

private function createLocalFileName()
    $now = time();

    // try to create a unique filename for this users file
    while(file_exists($this->uploadFilename = $now.'-'.$this->uid.'.'.$this->fileExtension))

    // create our full file save path
    $this->saveFilePath = $this->uploadDirectory.$this->uploadFilename;

private function clearFolder($path)
        // if there's already a file with this name clear it first
        return @unlink($path);
        // if it's a directory, clear it's contents
        $scan = glob(rtrim($path,'/').'/*');
        foreach($scan as $index=>$npath)

private function verifyIsUploadedFile()
    if (! is_uploaded_file($this->file['file']['tmp_name']))
        throw new Exception('The file failed to upload.');

private function saveFileToDisk()
    if (move_uploaded_file($this->file['file']['tmp_name'], $this->saveFilePath))
        return TRUE;     

    throw new Exception('File failed to upload. Please retry.');



Here's some sample code demonstrating how you might use the upload class...

// get a reference to your user object if applicable
$myUser = $this->someMethodThatFetchesUserWithId($myUserId);

// get reference to file to upload
$myFile = isset($_FILES) ? $_FILES : NULL;

// use try catch to return an error for any exceptions thrown in the upload script
    // create and setup upload class
    $upload = new upload($myFile, $myUser);

    // trigger file upload
    $data   = $upload->image();     // if uploading an image
    $data  = $upload->movie();      // if uploading movie

    // return any status messages as json string
    echo json_encode($data);
catch (Exception $exception) 
    $retData = array(
            'status'    => 'FALSE',
            'payload'   => array(
                            'errorMsg' => $exception->getMessage()

    echo json_encode($retData);

Initialize a Map containing arrays

Per Mozilla's Map documentation, you can initialize as follows:

private _gridOptions:Map<string, Array<string>> = 
    new Map([
        ["1", ["test"]],
        ["2", ["test2"]]

Xpath: select div that contains class AND whose specific child element contains text

You could use the xpath :

//div[@class="measure-tab" and .//span[contains(., "someText")]]

Input :

<div class="measure-tab">
  <td> someText</td>
<div class="measure-tab">

Output :

    Element='<div class="measure-tab">

Python: split a list based on a condition?

Use Boolean logic to assign data to two arrays

>>> images, anims = [[i for i in files if t ^ (i[2].lower() in IMAGE_TYPES) ] for t in (0, 1)]
>>> images
[('file1.jpg', 33, '.jpg')]
>>> anims
[('file2.avi', 999, '.avi')]

Looping through a Scripting.Dictionary using index/item number

According to the documentation of the Item property:

Sets or returns an item for a specified key in a Dictionary object.

In your case, you don't have an item whose key is 1 so doing:

s = d.Item(i)

actually creates a new key / value pair in your dictionary, and the value is empty because you have not used the optional newItem argument.

The Dictionary also has the Items method which allows looping over the indices:

a = d.Items
For i = 0 To d.Count - 1
    s = a(i)
Next i

Can typescript export a function?

It's hard to tell what you're going for in that example. exports = is about exporting from external modules, but the code sample you linked is an internal module.

Rule of thumb: If you write module foo { ... }, you're writing an internal module; if you write export something something at top-level in a file, you're writing an external module. It's somewhat rare that you'd actually write export module foo at top-level (since then you'd be double-nesting the name), and it's even rarer that you'd write module foo in a file that had a top-level export (since foo would not be externally visible).

The following things make sense (each scenario delineated by a horizontal rule):

// An internal module named SayHi with an exported function 'foo'
module SayHi {
    export function foo() {

    export class bar { }

// N.B. this line could be in another file that has a
// <reference> tag to the file that has 'module SayHi' in it;
var b = new;


// This *file* is an external module because it has a top-level 'export'
export function foo() {

export class bar { }


// This file is also an external module because it has an 'import' declaration
import f1 = module('file1');;
var b = new;


// This will only work in 0.9.0+. This file is an external
// module because it has a top-level 'export'
function f() { }
function g() { }
export = { alpha: f, beta: g };


// This file is also an external module because it has an 'import' declaration
import f1 = require('file1');
f1.alpha(); // invokes f
f1.beta(); // invokes g

Pandas - Compute z-score for all columns

The almost one-liner solution:

df2 = (df.ix[:,1:] - df.ix[:,1:].mean()) / df.ix[:,1:].std()
df2['ID'] = df['ID']

How to dismiss notification after action has been clicked

You can always cancel() the Notification from whatever is being invoked by the action (e.g., in onCreate() of the activity tied to the PendingIntent you supply to addAction()).

Remote debugging a Java application

Answer covering Java >= 9:

For Java 9+, the JVM option needs a slight change by prefixing the address with the IP address of the machine hosting the JVM, or just *:


This is due to a change noted in

For Java < 9, the port number is enough to connect.

Converting integer to string in Python

>>> i = 5
>>> print "Hello, world the number is " + i
TypeError: must be str, not int
>>> s = str(i)
>>> print "Hello, world the number is " + s
Hello, world the number is 5

jQuery UI Dialog individual CSS styling

You can add the class to the title like this:


ASP.NET MVC 404 Error Handling

I've investigated A LOT on how to properly manage 404s in MVC (specifically MVC3), and this, IMHO is the best solution I've come up with:

In global.asax:

public class MvcApplication : HttpApplication
    protected void Application_EndRequest()
        if (Context.Response.StatusCode == 404)

            var rd = new RouteData();
            rd.DataTokens["area"] = "AreaName"; // In case controller is in another area
            rd.Values["controller"] = "Errors";
            rd.Values["action"] = "NotFound";

            IController c = new ErrorsController();
            c.Execute(new RequestContext(new HttpContextWrapper(Context), rd));


public sealed class ErrorsController : Controller
    public ActionResult NotFound()
        ActionResult result;

        object model = Request.Url.PathAndQuery;

        if (!Request.IsAjaxRequest())
            result = View(model);
            result = PartialView("_NotFound", model);

        return result;


If you're using IoC (e.g. AutoFac), you should create your controller using:

var rc = new RequestContext(new HttpContextWrapper(Context), rd);
var c = ControllerBuilder.Current.GetControllerFactory().CreateController(rc, "Errors");

Instead of

IController c = new ErrorsController();
c.Execute(new RequestContext(new HttpContextWrapper(Context), rd));



There are 6 scenarios that I can think of where an ASP.NET MVC3 apps can generate 404s.

Generated by ASP.NET:

  • Scenario 1: URL does not match a route in the route table.

Generated by ASP.NET MVC:

  • Scenario 2: URL matches a route, but specifies a controller that doesn't exist.

  • Scenario 3: URL matches a route, but specifies an action that doesn't exist.

Manually generated:

  • Scenario 4: An action returns an HttpNotFoundResult by using the method HttpNotFound().

  • Scenario 5: An action throws an HttpException with the status code 404.

  • Scenario 6: An actions manually modifies the Response.StatusCode property to 404.


  • (A) Show a custom 404 error page to the user.

  • (B) Maintain the 404 status code on the client response (specially important for SEO).

  • (C) Send the response directly, without involving a 302 redirection.

Solution Attempt: Custom Errors

    <customErrors mode="On">
        <error statusCode="404" redirect="~/Errors/NotFound"/>

Problems with this solution:

  • Does not comply with objective (A) in scenarios (1), (4), (6).
  • Does not comply with objective (B) automatically. It must be programmed manually.
  • Does not comply with objective (C).

Solution Attempt: HTTP Errors

    <httpErrors errorMode="Custom">
        <remove statusCode="404"/>
        <error statusCode="404" path="App/Errors/NotFound" responseMode="ExecuteURL"/>

Problems with this solution:

  • Only works on IIS 7+.
  • Does not comply with objective (A) in scenarios (2), (3), (5).
  • Does not comply with objective (B) automatically. It must be programmed manually.

Solution Attempt: HTTP Errors with Replace

    <httpErrors errorMode="Custom" existingResponse="Replace">
        <remove statusCode="404"/>
        <error statusCode="404" path="App/Errors/NotFound" responseMode="ExecuteURL"/>

Problems with this solution:

  • Only works on IIS 7+.
  • Does not comply with objective (B) automatically. It must be programmed manually.
  • It obscures application level http exceptions. E.g. can't use customErrors section, System.Web.Mvc.HandleErrorAttribute, etc. It can't only show generic error pages.

Solution Attempt customErrors and HTTP Errors

    <customErrors mode="On">
        <error statusCode="404" redirect="~/Errors/NotFound"/>


    <httpErrors errorMode="Custom">
        <remove statusCode="404"/>
        <error statusCode="404" path="App/Errors/NotFound" responseMode="ExecuteURL"/>

Problems with this solution:

  • Only works on IIS 7+.
  • Does not comply with objective (B) automatically. It must be programmed manually.
  • Does not comply with objective (C) in scenarios (2), (3), (5).

People that have troubled with this before even tried to create their own libraries (see But the previous solution seems to cover all the scenarios without the complexity of using an external library.

CSS Animation and Display None

CSS (or jQuery, for that matter) can't animate between display: none; and display: block;. Worse yet: it can't animate between height: 0 and height: auto. So you need to hard code the height (if you can't hard code the values then you need to use javascript, but this is an entirely different question);

    height: 0;
    overflow: hidden;
    background: red;
   -prefix-animation: slide 1s ease 3.5s forwards;

@-prefix-keyframes slide {
  from {height: 0;}
  to {height: 300px;}

You mention that you're using Animate.css, which I'm not familiar with, so this is a vanilla CSS.

You can see a demo here: