Programs & Examples On #External js

Angular 2: import external js file into component

After wasting a lot of time in finding its solution, I've found one. For your convenience I've used the complete code that you can replace your whole file with.

This is a general answer. Let's say you want to import a file named testjs.js into your angular 2 component. Create testjs.js in your assets folder:

assets > testjs.js

function test(){

include testjs.js in your index.html


<!doctype html>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <base href="/">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="icon" type="image/x-icon" href="favicon.ico">

  <script src="./assets/testjs.js"></script>


In your app.component.ts or in any component.ts file where you want to call this js declare a variable and call the function like below:


import { Component } from '@angular/core';

declare var test: any;

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']

export class AppComponent {
  title = 'app works!';

    new test();

Finally in your app.component.html test the function


  <button (click)='f()'>Test</button>

Eclipse error "Could not find or load main class"

I was also getting same message.That is due to the workspace problem.Create one new workspace and try there once. I think it will works.

Call web service in excel

Yes You Can!

I worked on a project that did that (see comment). Unfortunately no code samples from that one, but googling revealed these:

How you can integrate data from several Web services using Excel and VBA

STEP BY STEP: Consuming Web Services through VBA (Excel or Word)

VBA: Consume Soap Web Services

How to loop through a plain JavaScript object with the objects as members?

for(var key in validation_messages){
    for(var subkey in validation_messages[key]){
        //code here
        //subkey being value, key being 'yourname' / 'yourmsg'

What's the difference between dependencies, devDependencies and peerDependencies in npm package.json file?

I'd like to add to the answer my view on these dependencies explanations

  • dependencies are used for direct usage in your codebase, things that usually end up in the production code, or chunks of code
  • devDependencies are used for the build process, tools that help you manage how the end code will end up, third party test modules, (ex. webpack stuff)

Best practice to call ConfigureAwait for all server-side code

Brief answer to your question: No. You shouldn't call ConfigureAwait(false) at the application level like that.

TL;DR version of the long answer: If you are writing a library where you don't know your consumer and don't need a synchronization context (which you shouldn't in a library I believe), you should always use ConfigureAwait(false). Otherwise, the consumers of your library may face deadlocks by consuming your asynchronous methods in a blocking fashion. This depends on the situation.

Here is a bit more detailed explanation on the importance of ConfigureAwait method (a quote from my blog post):

When you are awaiting on a method with await keyword, compiler generates bunch of code in behalf of you. One of the purposes of this action is to handle synchronization with the UI (or main) thread. The key component of this feature is the SynchronizationContext.Current which gets the synchronization context for the current thread. SynchronizationContext.Current is populated depending on the environment you are in. The GetAwaiter method of Task looks up for SynchronizationContext.Current. If current synchronization context is not null, the continuation that gets passed to that awaiter will get posted back to that synchronization context.

When consuming a method, which uses the new asynchronous language features, in a blocking fashion, you will end up with a deadlock if you have an available SynchronizationContext. When you are consuming such methods in a blocking fashion (waiting on the Task with Wait method or taking the result directly from the Result property of the Task), you will block the main thread at the same time. When eventually the Task completes inside that method in the threadpool, it is going to invoke the continuation to post back to the main thread because SynchronizationContext.Current is available and captured. But there is a problem here: the UI thread is blocked and you have a deadlock!

Also, here are two great articles for you which are exactly for your question:

Finally, there is a great short video from Lucian Wischik exactly on this topic: Async library methods should consider using Task.ConfigureAwait(false).

Hope this helps.

No Creators, like default construct, exist): cannot deserialize from Object value (no delegate- or property-based Creator

I had this issue and i fixed with the code below.

open class JacksonMapper {

    open fun mapper(): ObjectMapper {
        val mapper = ObjectMapper()

        return mapper

how to add lines to existing file using python

Open the file for 'append' rather than 'write'.

with open('file.txt', 'a') as file:

How to split a delimited string into an array in awk?

To split a string to an array in awk we use the function split():

 awk '{split($0, a, ":")}'
 #           ^^  ^  ^^^
 #            |  |   |
 #       string  |   delimiter
 #               |
 #               array to store the pieces

If no separator is given, it uses the FS, which defaults to the space:

$ awk '{split($0, a); print a[2]}' <<< "a:b c:d e"

We can give a separator, for example ::

$ awk '{split($0, a, ":"); print a[2]}' <<< "a:b c:d e"
b c

Which is equivalent to setting it through the FS:

$ awk -F: '{split($0, a); print a[1]}' <<< "a:b c:d e"
b c

In gawk you can also provide the separator as a regexp:

$ awk '{split($0, a, ":*"); print a[2]}' <<< "a:::b c::d e" #note multiple :
b c

And even see what the delimiter was on every step by using its fourth parameter:

$ awk '{split($0, a, ":*", sep); print a[2]; print sep[1]}' <<< "a:::b c::d e"
b c

Let's quote the man page of GNU awk:

split(string, array [, fieldsep [, seps ] ])

Divide string into pieces separated by fieldsep and store the pieces in array and the separator strings in the seps array. The first piece is stored in array[1], the second piece in array[2], and so forth. The string value of the third argument, fieldsep, is a regexp describing where to split string (much as FS can be a regexp describing where to split input records). If fieldsep is omitted, the value of FS is used. split() returns the number of elements created. seps is a gawk extension, with seps[i] being the separator string between array[i] and array[i+1]. If fieldsep is a single space, then any leading whitespace goes into seps[0] and any trailing whitespace goes into seps[n], where n is the return value of split() (i.e., the number of elements in array).

How to print to console when using Qt

If it is good enough to print to stderr, you can use the following streams originally intended for debugging:


//qInfo is qt5.5+ only.
qInfo() << "C++ Style Info Message";
qInfo( "C Style Info Message" );

qDebug() << "C++ Style Debug Message";
qDebug( "C Style Debug Message" );

qWarning() << "C++ Style Warning Message";
qWarning( "C Style Warning Message" );

qCritical() << "C++ Style Critical Error Message";
qCritical( "C Style Critical Error Message" );

// qFatal does not have a C++ style method.
qFatal( "C Style Fatal Error Message" );

Though as pointed out in the comments, bear in mind qDebug messages are removed if QT_NO_DEBUG_OUTPUT is defined

If you need stdout you could try something like this (as Kyle Strand has pointed out):

QTextStream& qStdOut()
    static QTextStream ts( stdout );
    return ts;

You could then call as follows:

qStdOut() << "std out!";

PopupWindow $BadTokenException: Unable to add window -- token null is not valid

Same problem happened with me when i try to show popup menu in activity i also got same excpetion but i encounter problem n resolve by providing context

YourActivityName.this instead of getApplicationContext() at

Dialog dialog = new Dialog(getApplicationContext());

and yes it worked for me may it will help someone else

How to check if a div is visible state or not?

Check if it's visible.


Check if it's hidden.


How can I detect when the mouse leaves the window?

In order to detect mouseleave without taking in account the scroll bar and the autcomplete field or inspect :

document.addEventListener("mouseleave", function(event){

  if(event.clientY <= 0 || event.clientX <= 0 || (event.clientX >= window.innerWidth || event.clientY >= window.innerHeight))

     console.log("I'm out");


Conditions explanations:

event.clientY <= 0  is when the mouse leave from the top
event.clientX <= 0  is when the mouse leave from the left
event.clientX >= window.innerWidth is when the mouse leave from the right
event.clientY >= window.innerHeight is when the mouse leave from the bottom

======================== EDIT ===============================

document.addEventListener("mouseleave") seems to be not fired on new firefox version, mouseleave need to be attached to an element like body, or a child element.

I suggest to use instead




auto create database in Entity Framework Core

For EF Core 2.0+ I had to take a different approach because they changed the API. As of March 2019 Microsoft recommends you put your database migration code in your application entry class but outside of the WebHost build code.

public class Program
    public static void Main(string[] args)
        var host = CreateWebHostBuilder(args).Build();
        using (var serviceScope = host.Services.CreateScope())
            var context = serviceScope.ServiceProvider.GetRequiredService<PersonContext>();

    public static IWebHostBuilder CreateWebHostBuilder(string[] args) =>

convert string into array of integers

us the split function:

var splitresult = "14 2".split(" ");

Determine command line working directory when running node bin script

Here's what worked for me:


PHP: Calling another class' method


class ClassA
   private $name = 'John';

   function getName()
     return $this->name;

   include ("file1.php");

   class ClassB

     function __construct()

     function callA()
       $classA = new ClassA();
       $name = $classA->getName();
       echo $name;    //Prints John

   $classb = new ClassB();

How to export html table to excel or pdf in php

If all you want is a simple excel worksheet try this:

header('Content-type: application/excel');
$filename = 'filename.xls';
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename='.$filename);

$data = '<html xmlns:x="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel">
    <!--[if gte mso 9]>
                    <x:Name>Sheet 1</x:Name>

   <table><tr><td>Cell 1</td><td>Cell 2</td></tr></table>

echo $data;

The key here is the xml data. This will keep excel from complaining about the file.

VB.NET: how to prevent user input in a ComboBox

---- in form level Declaration of cbx veriable---

Dim cbx as string

Private Sub comboBox1_Enter(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles comboBox1.Enter
    cbx = Me.comboBox1.Text
End Sub

Private Sub comboBox1_Leave(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles comboBox1.Leave
    Me.comboBox1.Text = cbx
End Sub

How to implement a ConfigurationSection with a ConfigurationElementCollection

An easier alternative for those who would prefer not to write all that configuration boilerplate manually...

1) Install Nerdle.AutoConfig from NuGet

2) Define your ServiceConfig type (either a concrete class or just an interface, either will do)

public interface IServiceConfiguration
    int Port { get; }
    ReportType ReportType { get; }

3) You'll need a type to hold the collection, e.g.

public interface IServiceCollectionConfiguration
    IEnumerable<IServiceConfiguration> Services { get; } 

4) Add the config section like so (note camelCase naming)

  <section name="serviceCollection" type="Nerdle.AutoConfig.Section, Nerdle.AutoConfig"/>

    <service port="6996" reportType="File" />
    <service port="7001" reportType="Other" />

5) Map with AutoConfig

var services = AutoConfig.Map<IServiceCollectionConfiguration>();

Send data from activity to fragment in Android

Use following interface to communicate between activity and fragment

public interface BundleListener {
    void update(Bundle bundle);
    Bundle getBundle();

Or use following this generic listener for two way communication using interface

 * Created by Qamar4P on 10/11/2017.
public interface GenericConnector<T,E> {
    T getData();
    void updateData(E data);
    void connect(GenericConnector<T,E> connector);

fragment show method

public static void show(AppCompatActivity activity) {
        CustomValueDialogFragment dialog = new CustomValueDialogFragment();
        dialog.connector = (GenericConnector) activity;,"CustomValueDialogFragment");

you can cast your context to GenericConnector in onAttach(Context) too

in your activity;

in your fragment

    public void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        connector.connect(new GenericConnector() {
            public Object getData() {
                return null;

            public void updateData(Object data) {


            public void connect(GenericConnector connector) {

    public static void show(AppCompatActivity activity, GenericConnector connector) {
            CustomValueDialogFragment dialog = new CustomValueDialogFragment();
            dialog.connector = connector;

Note: Never use it like "".toString().toString().toString(); way.

Examples for string find in Python

you can use str.index too:

>>> 'sdfasdf'.index('cc')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<pyshell#144>", line 1, in <module>
ValueError: substring not found
>>> 'sdfasdf'.index('df')

How to show the Project Explorer window in Eclipse

Try changing the perspective to JavaEE and then check.

How to stop a JavaScript for loop?

I know this is a bit old, but instead of looping through the array with a for loop, it would be much easier to use the method <array>.indexOf(<element>[, fromIndex])

It loops through an array, finding and returning the first index of a value. If the value is not contained in the array, it returns -1.

<array> is the array to look through, <element> is the value you are looking for, and [fromIndex] is the index to start from (defaults to 0).

I hope this helps reduce the size of your code!

Configure apache to listen on port other than 80

If you are using Apache on Windows:

  1. Check the name of the Apache service with Win+R+services.msc+Enter (if it's not ApacheX.Y, it should have the name of the software you are using with apache, e.g.: "wampapache64");
  2. Start a command prompt as Administrator (using Win+R+cmd+Enter is not enough);
  3. Change to Apache's directory, e.g.: cd c:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\bin;
  4. Check if the config file is OK with: httpd.exe -n "YourServiceName" -t (replace the service name by the one you found on step 1);
  5. Make sure that the service is stopped: httpd.exe -k stop -n "YourServiceName"
  6. Start it with: httpd.exe -k start -n "YourServiceName"
  7. If it starts alright, the problem is no longer there, but if you get:

    AH00072: make_sock: could not bind to address IP:PORT_NUMBER

    AH00451: no listening sockets available, shutting down

    If the port number is not the one you wanted to use, then open the Apache config file (e.g. C:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\conf\httpd.conf open with a code editor or wordpad, but not notepad - it does not read new lines properly) and replace the number on the line that starts with Listen with the number of the port you want, save it and repeat step 6. If it is the one you wanted to use, then continue:

  8. Check the PID of the process that is using that port with Win+R+resmon+Enter, click on Network tab and then on Ports subtab;
  9. Kill it with: taskkill /pid NUMBER /f (/f forces it);
  10. Recheck resmon to confirm that the port is free now and repeat step 6.

This ensures that Apache's service was started properly, the configuration on virtual hosts config file as sarul mentioned (e.g.: C:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\conf\extra\httpd-vhosts.conf) is necessary if you are setting your files path in there and changing the port as well. If you change it again, remember to restart the service: httpd.exe -k restart -n "YourServiceName".

How to get values and keys from HashMap?

With java8 streaming API:

List values = map.entrySet().stream().map(Map.Entry::getValue).collect(Collectors.toList());

disable viewport zooming iOS 10+ safari?

The workaround that works in Mobile Safari at this time of writing, is to have the the third argument in addEventListener be { passive: false }, so the full workaround looks like this:

document.addEventListener('touchmove', function (event) {
  if (event.scale !== 1) { event.preventDefault(); }
}, { passive: false });

You may want to check if options are supported to remain backwards compatible.

How to write MySQL query where A contains ( "a" or "b" )

Two options:

  1. Use the LIKE keyword, along with percent signs in the string

    select * from table where field like '%a%' or field like '%b%'.

    (note: If your search string contains percent signs, you'll need to escape them)

  2. If you're looking for more a complex combination of strings than you've specified in your example, you could regular expressions (regex):

    See the MySQL manual for more on how to use them:

Of these, using LIKE is the most usual solution -- it's standard SQL, and in common use. Regex is less commonly used but much more powerful.

Note that whichever option you go with, you need to be aware of possible performance implications. Searching for sub-strings like this will mean that the query will have to scan the entire table. If you have a large table, this could make for a very slow query, and no amount of indexing is going to help.

If this is an issue for you, and you'r going to need to search for the same things over and over, you may prefer to do something like adding a flag field to the table which specifies that the string field contains the relevant sub-strings. If you keep this flag field up-to-date when you insert of update a record, you could simply query the flag when you want to search. This can be indexed, and would make your query much much quicker. Whether it's worth the effort to do that is up to you, it'll depend on how bad the performance is using LIKE.

Variably modified array at file scope

The reason for this warning is that const in c doesn't mean constant. It means "read only". So the value is stored at a memory address and could potentially be changed by machine code.

Using two values for one switch case statement

The case values are just codeless "goto" points that can share the same entry point:

case text1:
case text4: 

Note that the braces are redundant.

Angular window resize event

I checked most of these answers. then decided to check out Angular documentation on Layout.

Angular has its own Observer for detecting different sizes and it is easy to implement into the component or a Service.

a simpl example would be:

import {BreakpointObserver, Breakpoints} from '@angular/cdk/layout';_x000D_
class MyComponent {_x000D_
  constructor(breakpointObserver: BreakpointObserver) {_x000D_
    ]).subscribe(result => {_x000D_
      if (result.matches) {_x000D_

hope it helps

How can I convert a timestamp from yyyy-MM-ddThh:mm:ss:SSSZ format to MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss.SSS format? From ISO8601 to UTC

Firstly, you need to be aware that UTC isn't a format, it's a time zone, effectively. So "converting from ISO8601 to UTC" doesn't really make sense as a concept.

However, here's a sample program using Joda Time which parses the text into a DateTime and then formats it. I've guessed at a format you may want to use - you haven't really provided enough information about what you're trying to do to say more than that. You may also want to consider time zones... do you want to display the local time at the specified instant? If so, you'll need to work out the user's time zone and convert appropriately.

import org.joda.time.*;
import org.joda.time.format.*;

public class Test {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String text = "2011-03-10T11:54:30.207Z";
        DateTimeFormatter parser = ISODateTimeFormat.dateTime();
        DateTime dt = parser.parseDateTime(text);

        DateTimeFormatter formatter = DateTimeFormat.mediumDateTime();

Rounding BigDecimal to *always* have two decimal places

value = value.setScale(2, RoundingMode.CEILING)

Easiest way to parse a comma delimited string to some kind of object I can loop through to access the individual values?

The pattern matches all non-digit characters. This will restrict you to non-negative integers, but for your example it will be more than sufficient.

string input = "0, 10, 20, 30, 100, 200";
Regex.Split(input, @"\D+");

Checking if a variable is an integer in PHP

/!\ Best anwser is not correct, is_numeric() returns true for integer AND all numeric forms like "9.1"

For integer only you can use the unfriendly preg_match('/^\d+$/', $var) or the explicit and 2 times faster comparison :

if ((int) $var == $var) {
    // $var is an integer

PS: i know this is an old post but still the third in google looking for "php is integer"

Completely remove MariaDB or MySQL from CentOS 7 or RHEL 7

These steps are working on CentOS 6.5 so they should work on CentOS 7 too:

(EDIT - exactly the same steps work for MariaDB 10.3 on CentOS 8)

  1. yum remove mariadb mariadb-server
  2. rm -rf /var/lib/mysql If your datadir in /etc/my.cnf points to a different directory, remove that directory instead of /var/lib/mysql
  3. rm /etc/my.cnf the file might have already been deleted at step 1
  4. Optional step: rm ~/.my.cnf
  5. yum install mariadb mariadb-server

[EDIT] - Update for MariaDB 10.1 on CentOS 7

The steps above worked for CentOS 6.5 and MariaDB 10.

I've just installed MariaDB 10.1 on CentOS 7 and some of the steps are slightly different.

Step 1 would become:

yum remove MariaDB-server MariaDB-client

Step 5 would become:

yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client

The other steps remain the same.

Git: force user and password prompt

With git config -l, I now see I have a credential.helper=osxkeychain option

That means the credential helper (initially introduced in 1.7.10) is now in effect, and will cache automatically the password for accessing a remote repository over HTTP.
(as in "GIT: Any way to set default login credentials?")

You can disable that option entirely, or only for a single repo.

org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: Content is not allowed in prolog

I was having the same problem while parsing the info.plist file in my mac. However, the problem was fixed using the following command which turned the file into an XML.

plutil -convert xml1 info.plist

Hope that helps someone.

Row Offset in SQL Server

You can use ROW_NUMBER() function to get what you want:


Configuring ObjectMapper in Spring

Above Spring 4, there is no need to configure MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter if you only intend to configure ObjectMapper.

(configure MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter will cause you to lose other MessageConverter)

You just need to do:

public class MyObjectMapper extends ObjectMapper {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 4219938065516862637L;

    public MyObjectMapper() {

And in your Spring configuration, create this bean:

public MyObjectMapper myObjectMapper() {        
    return new MyObjectMapper();

change image opacity using javascript

You can use CSS to set the opacity, and than use javascript to apply the styles to a certain element in the DOM.

.opClass {
    filter:alpha(opacity=40); /* For IE8 and earlier */

Than use (for example) jQuery to change the style:


Or with plain javascript, like this:

document.getElementById("element_id").className = "opClass";

How to check if a variable is NULL, then set it with a MySQL stored procedure?

@last_run_time is a 9.4. User-Defined Variables and last_run_time datetime one Local Variable DECLARE Syntax, are different variables.

Try: SELECT last_run_time;




    DECLARE current_procedure_name CHAR(60) DEFAULT 'accounts_general';
    DECLARE current_run_time DATETIME DEFAULT NOW();

    -- Define the last run time
    SET last_run_time := (SELECT MAX(runtime) FROM dynamo.runtimes WHERE procedure_name = current_procedure_name);

    -- if there is no last run time found then use yesterday as starting point
    IF(last_run_time IS NULL) THEN
        SET last_run_time := DATE_SUB(NOW(), INTERVAL 1 DAY);
    END IF;

    SELECT last_run_time;

    -- Insert variables in table2
    INSERT INTO table2 (col0, col1, col2) VALUES (current_procedure_name, last_run_time, current_run_time);


bodyParser is deprecated express 4

body-parser is a piece of express middleware that reads a form's input and stores it as a javascript object accessible through req.body 'body-parser' must be installed (via npm install --save body-parser) For more info see:

   var bodyParser = require('body-parser');
   app.use(bodyParser.json()); // support json encoded bodies
   app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: true })); // support encoded bodies

When extended is set to true, then deflated (compressed) bodies will be inflated; when extended is set to false, deflated bodies are rejected.

Why is super.super.method(); not allowed in Java?

Calling of super.super.method() make sense when you can't change code of base class. This often happens when you are extending an existing library.

Ask yourself first, why are you extending that class? If answer is "because I can't change it" then you can create exact package and class in your application, and rewrite naughty method or create delegate:


public class OneYouWantExtend extends OneThatContainsDesiredMethod {

    // one way is to rewrite method() to call super.method() only or 
    // to doStuff() and then call super.method()

    public void method() {
        if (isDoStuff()) {
            // do stuff

    protected abstract boolean isDoStuff();

    // second way is to define methodDelegate() that will call hidden super.method()

    public void methodDelegate() {

public class OneThatContainsDesiredMethod {

    public void method() {...}

For instance, you can create org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner class in your application so this class should be loaded before the real one from jar. Then rewrite methods or constructors.

Attention: This is absolute hack, and it is highly NOT recommended to use but it's WORKING! Using of this approach is dangerous because of possible issues with class loaders. Also this may cause issues each time you will update library that contains overwritten class.

What is the right way to treat argparse.Namespace() as a dictionary?

Straight from the horse's mouth:

If you prefer to have dict-like view of the attributes, you can use the standard Python idiom, vars():

>>> parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
>>> parser.add_argument('--foo')
>>> args = parser.parse_args(['--foo', 'BAR'])
>>> vars(args)
{'foo': 'BAR'}

— The Python Standard Library, The Namespace object

CardView not showing Shadow in Android L

Do not forget that to draw shadow you must use hardwareAccelerated drawing

hardwareAccelerated = true

enter image description here

hardwareAccelerated = false

hardwareAccelerated CardView

See Android Hardware Acceleration for details

Detect changed input text box

onkeyup, onpaste, onchange, oninput seems to be failing when the browser performs autofill on the textboxes. To handle such a case include "autocomplete='off'" in your textfield to prevent browser from autofilling the textbox,


<input id="inputDatabaseName" autocomplete='off' onchange="check();"
 onkeyup="this.onchange();" onpaste="this.onchange();" oninput="this.onchange();" />

     function check(){
          alert("Input box changed");
          // Things to do when the textbox changes

SVN Error - Not a working copy

Workaround: Rename directory which is not 'working copy' Checkout/update/restore this directory again Move files from renamed directory to new Commit changes

Reason: You made some changes to some files under .svn directory, this breaks 'working copy'

Spring Boot War deployed to Tomcat

I had same problem and i find out solution by following this guide . I run with goal in maven.

clean package

Its worked for me Thanq

Can't concatenate 2 arrays in PHP

This works for non-associative arrays:

while(($item = array_shift($array2)) !== null && array_push($array1, $item));

How do I print uint32_t and uint16_t variables value?

The macros defined in <inttypes.h> are the most correct way to print values of types uint32_t, uint16_t, and so forth -- but they're not the only way.

Personally, I find those macros difficult to remember and awkward to use. (Given the syntax of a printf format string, that's probably unavoidable; I'm not claiming I could have come up with a better system.)

An alternative is to cast the values to a predefined type and use the format for that type.

Types int and unsigned int are guaranteed by the language to be at least 16 bits wide, and therefore to be able to hold any converted value of type int16_t or uint16_t, respectively. Similarly, long and unsigned long are at least 32 bits wide, and long long and unsigned long long are at least 64 bits wide.

For example, I might write your program like this (with a few additional tweaks):

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>  

int main(void)
    uint32_t a=12, a1;
    uint16_t b=1, b1;
    a1 = htonl(a);
    printf("%lu---------%lu\n", (unsigned long)a, (unsigned long)a1);
    b1 = htons(b);
    printf("%u-----%u\n", (unsigned)b, (unsigned)b1);
    return 0;

One advantage of this approach is that it can work even with pre-C99 implementations that don't support <inttypes.h>. Such an implementation most likely wouldn't have <stdint.h> either, but the technique is useful for other integer types.

Convert Long into Integer

The best simple way of doing so is:

public static int safeLongToInt( long longNumber ) 
        if ( longNumber < Integer.MIN_VALUE || longNumber > Integer.MAX_VALUE ) 
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( longNumber + " cannot be cast to int without changing its value." );
        return (int) longNumber;

Does dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{...}); wait until done?

If you want to run a single independent queued operation and you’re not concerned with other concurrent operations, you can use the global concurrent queue:

dispatch_queue_t globalConcurrentQueue =
dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0)

This will return a concurrent queue with the given priority as outlined in the documentation:

DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_HIGH Items dispatched to the queue will run at high priority, i.e. the queue will be scheduled for execution before any default priority or low priority queue.

DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT Items dispatched to the queue will run at the default priority, i.e. the queue will be scheduled for execution after all high priority queues have been scheduled, but before any low priority queues have been scheduled.

DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_LOW Items dispatched to the queue will run at low priority, i.e. the queue will be scheduled for execution after all default priority and high priority queues have been scheduled.

DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_BACKGROUND Items dispatched to the queue will run at background priority, i.e. the queue will be scheduled for execution after all higher priority queues have been scheduled and the system will run items on this queue on a thread with background status as per setpriority(2) (i.e. disk I/O is throttled and the thread’s scheduling priority is set to lowest value).

Laravel 5 Clear Views Cache

Here is a helper that I wrote to solve this issue for my projects. It makes it super simple and easy to be able to clear everything out quickly and with a single command.

How can I run dos2unix on an entire directory?

If there is no sub-directory, you can also take

ls | xargs -I {} dos2unix "{}"

How to get label text value form a html page?

The best way to get the text value from a <label> element is as follows.

if you will be getting element ids frequently it's best to have a function to return the ids:

function id(e){return document.getElementById(e)}

Assume the following structure: <label for='phone'>Phone number</label> <input type='text' id='phone' placeholder='Mobile or landline numbers...'>

This code will extract the text value 'Phone number' from the<label>: var text = id('phone').previousElementSibling.innerHTML;

This code works on all browsers, and you don't have to give each<label>element a unique id.

How to send characters in PuTTY serial communication only when pressing enter?

The settings you need are "Local echo" and "Line editing" under the "Terminal" category on the left.

To get the characters to display on the screen as you enter them, set "Local echo" to "Force on".

To get the terminal to not send the command until you press Enter, set "Local line editing" to "Force on".

PuTTY Line discipline options


From the PuTTY User Manual (Found by clicking on the "Help" button in PuTTY):

4.3.8 ‘Local echo’

With local echo disabled, characters you type into the PuTTY window are not echoed in the window by PuTTY. They are simply sent to the server. (The server might choose to echo them back to you; this can't be controlled from the PuTTY control panel.)

Some types of session need local echo, and many do not. In its default mode, PuTTY will automatically attempt to deduce whether or not local echo is appropriate for the session you are working in. If you find it has made the wrong decision, you can use this configuration option to override its choice: you can force local echo to be turned on, or force it to be turned off, instead of relying on the automatic detection.

4.3.9 ‘Local line editing’ Normally, every character you type into the PuTTY window is sent immediately to the server the moment you type it.

If you enable local line editing, this changes. PuTTY will let you edit a whole line at a time locally, and the line will only be sent to the server when you press Return. If you make a mistake, you can use the Backspace key to correct it before you press Return, and the server will never see the mistake.

Since it is hard to edit a line locally without being able to see it, local line editing is mostly used in conjunction with local echo (section 4.3.8). This makes it ideal for use in raw mode or when connecting to MUDs or talkers. (Although some more advanced MUDs do occasionally turn local line editing on and turn local echo off, in order to accept a password from the user.)

Some types of session need local line editing, and many do not. In its default mode, PuTTY will automatically attempt to deduce whether or not local line editing is appropriate for the session you are working in. If you find it has made the wrong decision, you can use this configuration option to override its choice: you can force local line editing to be turned on, or force it to be turned off, instead of relying on the automatic detection.

Putty sometimes makes wrong choices when "Auto" is enabled for these options because it tries to detect the connection configuration. Applied to serial line, this is a bit trickier to do.

'System.OutOfMemoryException' was thrown when there is still plenty of memory free

If you need such large structures, perhaps you could utilize Memory Mapped Files. This article could prove helpful:

LP, Dejan

How can I force gradle to redownload dependencies?

You can do it like this

To quote from Disabling the Gradle Build Cache

The Gradle build cache may be a great thing when you’re regularly building >large projects with Gradle. However when only occasionally building open source >projects it can quickly become large.

To disable the Gradle build cache add the following line to ~/.gradle/


You can clean the existing cache with

rm -rf $HOME/.gradle/caches/
rm -rf $HOME/.gradle/wrapper/

ssl_error_rx_record_too_long and Apache SSL

You might also try fixing the hosts file.

Keep the vhost file with the fully qualified domain and add the hostname in the hosts file /etc/hosts (debian)

ip.ip.ip.ip name

After restarting apache2, the error should be gone.

.NET console application as Windows service

I've had great success with TopShelf.

TopShelf is a Nuget package designed to make it easy to create .NET Windows apps that can run as console apps or as Windows Services. You can quickly hook up events such as your service Start and Stop events, configure using code e.g. to set the account it runs as, configure dependencies on other services, and configure how it recovers from errors.

From the Package Manager Console (Nuget):

Install-Package Topshelf

Refer to the code samples to get started.


HostFactory.Run(x =>                                 
    x.Service<TownCrier>(s =>                        
       s.ConstructUsing(name=> new TownCrier());     
       s.WhenStarted(tc => tc.Start());              
       s.WhenStopped(tc => tc.Stop());               

    x.SetDescription("Sample Topshelf Host");        

TopShelf also takes care of service installation, which can save a lot of time and removes boilerplate code from your solution. To install your .exe as a service you just execute the following from the command prompt:

myservice.exe install -servicename "MyService" -displayname "My Service" -description "This is my service."

You don't need to hook up a ServiceInstaller and all that - TopShelf does it all for you.

How to split data into trainset and testset randomly?

The following produces more general k-fold cross-validation splits. Your 50-50 partitioning would be achieved by making k=2 below, all you would have to to is to pick one of the two partitions produced. Note: I haven't tested the code, but I'm pretty sure it should work.

import random, math

def k_fold(myfile, myseed=11109, k=3):
    # Load data
    data = open(myfile).readlines()

    # Shuffle input

    # Compute partition size given input k

    # Create one partition per fold
    for ii in range(k):
        test[ii]  = data[ii*len_part:ii*len_part+len_part]
        train[ii] = [jj for jj in data if jj not in test[ii]]

    return train, test      

The definitive guide to form-based website authentication

PART I: How To Log In

We'll assume you already know how to build a login+password HTML form which POSTs the values to a script on the server side for authentication. The sections below will deal with patterns for sound practical auth, and how to avoid the most common security pitfalls.

To HTTPS or not to HTTPS?

Unless the connection is already secure (that is, tunneled through HTTPS using SSL/TLS), your login form values will be sent in cleartext, which allows anyone eavesdropping on the line between browser and web server will be able to read logins as they pass through. This type of wiretapping is done routinely by governments, but in general, we won't address 'owned' wires other than to say this: Just use HTTPS.

In essence, the only practical way to protect against wiretapping/packet sniffing during login is by using HTTPS or another certificate-based encryption scheme (for example, TLS) or a proven & tested challenge-response scheme (for example, the Diffie-Hellman-based SRP). Any other method can be easily circumvented by an eavesdropping attacker.

Of course, if you are willing to get a little bit impractical, you could also employ some form of two-factor authentication scheme (e.g. the Google Authenticator app, a physical 'cold war style' codebook, or an RSA key generator dongle). If applied correctly, this could work even with an unsecured connection, but it's hard to imagine that a dev would be willing to implement two-factor auth but not SSL.

(Do not) Roll-your-own JavaScript encryption/hashing

Given the perceived (though now avoidable) cost and technical difficulty of setting up an SSL certificate on your website, some developers are tempted to roll their own in-browser hashing or encryption schemes in order to avoid passing cleartext logins over an unsecured wire.

While this is a noble thought, it is essentially useless (and can be a security flaw) unless it is combined with one of the above - that is, either securing the line with strong encryption or using a tried-and-tested challenge-response mechanism (if you don't know what that is, just know that it is one of the most difficult to prove, most difficult to design, and most difficult to implement concepts in digital security).

While it is true that hashing the password can be effective against password disclosure, it is vulnerable to replay attacks, Man-In-The-Middle attacks / hijackings (if an attacker can inject a few bytes into your unsecured HTML page before it reaches your browser, they can simply comment out the hashing in the JavaScript), or brute-force attacks (since you are handing the attacker both username, salt and hashed password).

CAPTCHAS against humanity

CAPTCHA is meant to thwart one specific category of attack: automated dictionary/brute force trial-and-error with no human operator. There is no doubt that this is a real threat, however, there are ways of dealing with it seamlessly that don't require a CAPTCHA, specifically properly designed server-side login throttling schemes - we'll discuss those later.

Know that CAPTCHA implementations are not created alike; they often aren't human-solvable, most of them are actually ineffective against bots, all of them are ineffective against cheap third-world labor (according to OWASP, the current sweatshop rate is $12 per 500 tests), and some implementations may be technically illegal in some countries (see OWASP Authentication Cheat Sheet). If you must use a CAPTCHA, use Google's reCAPTCHA, since it is OCR-hard by definition (since it uses already OCR-misclassified book scans) and tries very hard to be user-friendly.

Personally, I tend to find CAPTCHAS annoying, and use them only as a last resort when a user has failed to log in a number of times and throttling delays are maxed out. This will happen rarely enough to be acceptable, and it strengthens the system as a whole.

Storing Passwords / Verifying logins

This may finally be common knowledge after all the highly-publicized hacks and user data leaks we've seen in recent years, but it has to be said: Do not store passwords in cleartext in your database. User databases are routinely hacked, leaked or gleaned through SQL injection, and if you are storing raw, plaintext passwords, that is instant game over for your login security.

So if you can't store the password, how do you check that the login+password combination POSTed from the login form is correct? The answer is hashing using a key derivation function. Whenever a new user is created or a password is changed, you take the password and run it through a KDF, such as Argon2, bcrypt, scrypt or PBKDF2, turning the cleartext password ("correcthorsebatterystaple") into a long, random-looking string, which is a lot safer to store in your database. To verify a login, you run the same hash function on the entered password, this time passing in the salt and compare the resulting hash string to the value stored in your database. Argon2, bcrypt and scrypt store the salt with the hash already. Check out this article on sec.stackexchange for more detailed information.

The reason a salt is used is that hashing in itself is not sufficient -- you'll want to add a so-called 'salt' to protect the hash against rainbow tables. A salt effectively prevents two passwords that exactly match from being stored as the same hash value, preventing the whole database being scanned in one run if an attacker is executing a password guessing attack.

A cryptographic hash should not be used for password storage because user-selected passwords are not strong enough (i.e. do not usually contain enough entropy) and a password guessing attack could be completed in a relatively short time by an attacker with access to the hashes. This is why KDFs are used - these effectively "stretch the key", which means that every password guess an attacker makes causes multiple repetitions of the hash algorithm, for example 10,000 times, which causes the attacker to guess the password 10,000 times slower.

Session data - "You are logged in as Spiderman69"

Once the server has verified the login and password against your user database and found a match, the system needs a way to remember that the browser has been authenticated. This fact should only ever be stored server side in the session data.

If you are unfamiliar with session data, here's how it works: A single randomly-generated string is stored in an expiring cookie and used to reference a collection of data - the session data - which is stored on the server. If you are using an MVC framework, this is undoubtedly handled already.

If at all possible, make sure the session cookie has the secure and HTTP Only flags set when sent to the browser. The HttpOnly flag provides some protection against the cookie being read through XSS attack. The secure flag ensures that the cookie is only sent back via HTTPS, and therefore protects against network sniffing attacks. The value of the cookie should not be predictable. Where a cookie referencing a non-existent session is presented, its value should be replaced immediately to prevent session fixation.

Session state can also be maintained on the client side. This is achieved by using techniques like JWT (JSON Web Token).

PART II: How To Remain Logged In - The Infamous "Remember Me" Checkbox

Persistent Login Cookies ("remember me" functionality) are a danger zone; on the one hand, they are entirely as safe as conventional logins when users understand how to handle them; and on the other hand, they are an enormous security risk in the hands of careless users, who may use them on public computers and forget to log out, and who may not know what browser cookies are or how to delete them.

Personally, I like persistent logins for the websites I visit on a regular basis, but I know how to handle them safely. If you are positive that your users know the same, you can use persistent logins with a clean conscience. If not - well, then you may subscribe to the philosophy that users who are careless with their login credentials brought it upon themselves if they get hacked. It's not like we go to our user's houses and tear off all those facepalm-inducing Post-It notes with passwords they have lined up on the edge of their monitors, either.

Of course, some systems can't afford to have any accounts hacked; for such systems, there is no way you can justify having persistent logins.

If you DO decide to implement persistent login cookies, this is how you do it:

  1. First, take some time to read Paragon Initiative's article on the subject. You'll need to get a bunch of elements right, and the article does a great job of explaining each.

  2. And just to reiterate one of the most common pitfalls, DO NOT STORE THE PERSISTENT LOGIN COOKIE (TOKEN) IN YOUR DATABASE, ONLY A HASH OF IT! The login token is Password Equivalent, so if an attacker got their hands on your database, they could use the tokens to log in to any account, just as if they were cleartext login-password combinations. Therefore, use hashing (according to a weak hash will do just fine for this purpose) when storing persistent login tokens.

PART III: Using Secret Questions

Don't implement 'secret questions'. The 'secret questions' feature is a security anti-pattern. Read the paper from link number 4 from the MUST-READ list. You can ask Sarah Palin about that one, after her Yahoo! email account got hacked during a previous presidential campaign because the answer to her security question was... "Wasilla High School"!

Even with user-specified questions, it is highly likely that most users will choose either:

  • A 'standard' secret question like mother's maiden name or favorite pet

  • A simple piece of trivia that anyone could lift from their blog, LinkedIn profile, or similar

  • Any question that is easier to answer than guessing their password. Which, for any decent password, is every question you can imagine

In conclusion, security questions are inherently insecure in virtually all their forms and variations, and should not be employed in an authentication scheme for any reason.

The true reason why security questions even exist in the wild is that they conveniently save the cost of a few support calls from users who can't access their email to get to a reactivation code. This at the expense of security and Sarah Palin's reputation. Worth it? Probably not.

PART IV: Forgotten Password Functionality

I already mentioned why you should never use security questions for handling forgotten/lost user passwords; it also goes without saying that you should never e-mail users their actual passwords. There are at least two more all-too-common pitfalls to avoid in this field:

  1. Don't reset a forgotten password to an autogenerated strong password - such passwords are notoriously hard to remember, which means the user must either change it or write it down - say, on a bright yellow Post-It on the edge of their monitor. Instead of setting a new password, just let users pick a new one right away - which is what they want to do anyway. (An exception to this might be if the users are universally using a password manager to store/manage passwords that would normally be impossible to remember without writing it down).

  2. Always hash the lost password code/token in the database. AGAIN, this code is another example of a Password Equivalent, so it MUST be hashed in case an attacker got their hands on your database. When a lost password code is requested, send the plaintext code to the user's email address, then hash it, save the hash in your database -- and throw away the original. Just like a password or a persistent login token.

A final note: always make sure your interface for entering the 'lost password code' is at least as secure as your login form itself, or an attacker will simply use this to gain access instead. Making sure you generate very long 'lost password codes' (for example, 16 case-sensitive alphanumeric characters) is a good start, but consider adding the same throttling scheme that you do for the login form itself.

PART V: Checking Password Strength

First, you'll want to read this small article for a reality check: The 500 most common passwords

Okay, so maybe the list isn't the canonical list of most common passwords on any system anywhere ever, but it's a good indication of how poorly people will choose their passwords when there is no enforced policy in place. Plus, the list looks frighteningly close to home when you compare it to publicly available analyses of recently stolen passwords.

So: With no minimum password strength requirements, 2% of users use one of the top 20 most common passwords. Meaning: if an attacker gets just 20 attempts, 1 in 50 accounts on your website will be crackable.

Thwarting this requires calculating the entropy of a password and then applying a threshold. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication 800-63 has a set of very good suggestions. That, when combined with a dictionary and keyboard layout analysis (for example, 'qwertyuiop' is a bad password), can reject 99% of all poorly selected passwords at a level of 18 bits of entropy. Simply calculating password strength and showing a visual strength meter to a user is good, but insufficient. Unless it is enforced, a lot of users will most likely ignore it.

And for a refreshing take on user-friendliness of high-entropy passwords, Randall Munroe's Password Strength xkcd is highly recommended.

Utilize Troy Hunt's Have I Been Pwned API to check users passwords against passwords compromised in public data breaches.

PART VI: Much More - Or: Preventing Rapid-Fire Login Attempts

First, have a look at the numbers: Password Recovery Speeds - How long will your password stand up

If you don't have the time to look through the tables in that link, here's the list of them:

  1. It takes virtually no time to crack a weak password, even if you're cracking it with an abacus

  2. It takes virtually no time to crack an alphanumeric 9-character password if it is case insensitive

  3. It takes virtually no time to crack an intricate, symbols-and-letters-and-numbers, upper-and-lowercase password if it is less than 8 characters long (a desktop PC can search the entire keyspace up to 7 characters in a matter of days or even hours)

  4. It would, however, take an inordinate amount of time to crack even a 6-character password, if you were limited to one attempt per second!

So what can we learn from these numbers? Well, lots, but we can focus on the most important part: the fact that preventing large numbers of rapid-fire successive login attempts (ie. the brute force attack) really isn't that difficult. But preventing it right isn't as easy as it seems.

Generally speaking, you have three choices that are all effective against brute-force attacks (and dictionary attacks, but since you are already employing a strong passwords policy, they shouldn't be an issue):

  • Present a CAPTCHA after N failed attempts (annoying as hell and often ineffective -- but I'm repeating myself here)

  • Locking accounts and requiring email verification after N failed attempts (this is a DoS attack waiting to happen)

  • And finally, login throttling: that is, setting a time delay between attempts after N failed attempts (yes, DoS attacks are still possible, but at least they are far less likely and a lot more complicated to pull off).

Best practice #1: A short time delay that increases with the number of failed attempts, like:

  • 1 failed attempt = no delay
  • 2 failed attempts = 2 sec delay
  • 3 failed attempts = 4 sec delay
  • 4 failed attempts = 8 sec delay
  • 5 failed attempts = 16 sec delay
  • etc.

DoS attacking this scheme would be very impractical, since the resulting lockout time is slightly larger than the sum of the previous lockout times.

To clarify: The delay is not a delay before returning the response to the browser. It is more like a timeout or refractory period during which login attempts to a specific account or from a specific IP address will not be accepted or evaluated at all. That is, correct credentials will not return in a successful login, and incorrect credentials will not trigger a delay increase.

Best practice #2: A medium length time delay that goes into effect after N failed attempts, like:

  • 1-4 failed attempts = no delay
  • 5 failed attempts = 15-30 min delay

DoS attacking this scheme would be quite impractical, but certainly doable. Also, it might be relevant to note that such a long delay can be very annoying for a legitimate user. Forgetful users will dislike you.

Best practice #3: Combining the two approaches - either a fixed, short time delay that goes into effect after N failed attempts, like:

  • 1-4 failed attempts = no delay
  • 5+ failed attempts = 20 sec delay

Or, an increasing delay with a fixed upper bound, like:

  • 1 failed attempt = 5 sec delay
  • 2 failed attempts = 15 sec delay
  • 3+ failed attempts = 45 sec delay

This final scheme was taken from the OWASP best-practices suggestions (link 1 from the MUST-READ list) and should be considered best practice, even if it is admittedly on the restrictive side.

As a rule of thumb, however, I would say: the stronger your password policy is, the less you have to bug users with delays. If you require strong (case-sensitive alphanumerics + required numbers and symbols) 9+ character passwords, you could give the users 2-4 non-delayed password attempts before activating the throttling.

DoS attacking this final login throttling scheme would be very impractical. And as a final touch, always allow persistent (cookie) logins (and/or a CAPTCHA-verified login form) to pass through, so legitimate users won't even be delayed while the attack is in progress. That way, the very impractical DoS attack becomes an extremely impractical attack.

Additionally, it makes sense to do more aggressive throttling on admin accounts, since those are the most attractive entry points

PART VII: Distributed Brute Force Attacks

Just as an aside, more advanced attackers will try to circumvent login throttling by 'spreading their activities':

  • Distributing the attempts on a botnet to prevent IP address flagging

  • Rather than picking one user and trying the 50.000 most common passwords (which they can't, because of our throttling), they will pick THE most common password and try it against 50.000 users instead. That way, not only do they get around maximum-attempts measures like CAPTCHAs and login throttling, their chance of success increases as well, since the number 1 most common password is far more likely than number 49.995

  • Spacing the login requests for each user account, say, 30 seconds apart, to sneak under the radar

Here, the best practice would be logging the number of failed logins, system-wide, and using a running average of your site's bad-login frequency as the basis for an upper limit that you then impose on all users.

Too abstract? Let me rephrase:

Say your site has had an average of 120 bad logins per day over the past 3 months. Using that (running average), your system might set the global limit to 3 times that -- ie. 360 failed attempts over a 24 hour period. Then, if the total number of failed attempts across all accounts exceeds that number within one day (or even better, monitor the rate of acceleration and trigger on a calculated threshold), it activates system-wide login throttling - meaning short delays for ALL users (still, with the exception of cookie logins and/or backup CAPTCHA logins).

I also posted a question with more details and a really good discussion of how to avoid tricky pitfals in fending off distributed brute force attacks

PART VIII: Two-Factor Authentication and Authentication Providers

Credentials can be compromised, whether by exploits, passwords being written down and lost, laptops with keys being stolen, or users entering logins into phishing sites. Logins can be further protected with two-factor authentication, which uses out-of-band factors such as single-use codes received from a phone call, SMS message, app, or dongle. Several providers offer two-factor authentication services.

Authentication can be completely delegated to a single-sign-on service, where another provider handles collecting credentials. This pushes the problem to a trusted third party. Google and Twitter both provide standards-based SSO services, while Facebook provides a similar proprietary solution.

MUST-READ LINKS About Web Authentication

  1. OWASP Guide To Authentication / OWASP Authentication Cheat Sheet
  2. Dos and Don’ts of Client Authentication on the Web (very readable MIT research paper)
  3. Wikipedia: HTTP cookie
  4. Personal knowledge questions for fallback authentication: Security questions in the era of Facebook (very readable Berkeley research paper)

What is the syntax to insert one list into another list in python?

foo = [1, 2, 3]
bar = [4, 5, 6]

foo.append(bar) --> [1, 2, 3, [4, 5, 6]]
foo.extend(bar) --> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

form serialize javascript (no framework)

function serialize (form) {
    if (!form || form.nodeName !== "FORM") {
    var i, j, q = [];
    for (i = form.elements.length - 1; i >= 0; i = i - 1) {
        if (form.elements[i].name === "") {
        switch (form.elements[i].nodeName) {
            case 'INPUT':
                switch (form.elements[i].type) {
                    case 'text':
                    case 'tel':
                    case 'email':
                    case 'hidden':
                    case 'password':
                    case 'button':
                    case 'reset':
                    case 'submit':
                        q.push(form.elements[i].name + "=" + encodeURIComponent(form.elements[i].value));
                    case 'checkbox':
                    case 'radio':
                        if (form.elements[i].checked) {
                                q.push(form.elements[i].name + "=" + encodeURIComponent(form.elements[i].value));
                case 'file':
            case 'TEXTAREA':
                    q.push(form.elements[i].name + "=" + encodeURIComponent(form.elements[i].value));
            case 'SELECT':
                switch (form.elements[i].type) {
                    case 'select-one':
                        q.push(form.elements[i].name + "=" + encodeURIComponent(form.elements[i].value));
                    case 'select-multiple':
                        for (j = form.elements[i].options.length - 1; j >= 0; j = j - 1) {
                            if (form.elements[i].options[j].selected) {
                                    q.push(form.elements[i].name + "=" + encodeURIComponent(form.elements[i].options[j].value));
            case 'BUTTON':
                switch (form.elements[i].type) {
                    case 'reset':
                    case 'submit':
                    case 'button':
                        q.push(form.elements[i].name + "=" + encodeURIComponent(form.elements[i].value));
    return q.join("&");


Is it possible to put a ConstraintLayout inside a ScrollView?

There was a bug with ConstraintLayout inside ScrollViews and it has been fixed. google has fixed the bug in Android Studio 2.2 Preview 2 (constraintlayout 1.0.0-alpha2).

Check this link for new update (Preview 2): works properly inside ScrollView and RecycleView

Solution 1:

The solution was to use android:fillViewport="true" on the ScrollView

Solution 2:

Use NestedScrollView instead of ScrollView with android:fillViewport="true"

Edit - 09/16/20:

Currently, it is more usual to use the ScrollView with the ConstraintLayout height set to wrap_content, it works very well, don't forget the fillViewPort and that both Scroll and Nested support only one direct child.

`col-xs-*` not working in Bootstrap 4

you could do this, if you want to use the old syntax (or don't want to rewrite every template)

@for $i from 1 through $grid-columns {
  @include media-breakpoint-up(xs) {
    .col-xs-#{$i} {
      @include make-col-ready();
      @include make-col($i);

PHP MySQL Google Chart JSON - Complete Example

use this, it realy works:

data.addColumn no of your key, you can add more columns or remove

$con=mysql_connect("localhost","USername","Password") or die("Failed to connect with database!!!!");
mysql_select_db("Database Name", $con); 
// The Chart table contain two fields: Weekly_task and percentage
//this example will display a pie chart.if u need other charts such as Bar chart, u will need to change little bit to make work with bar chart and others charts
$sth = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM chart");

while($r = mysql_fetch_assoc($sth)) {


echo "<pre>";

    <!--Load the AJAX API-->
    <script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">

    // Load the Visualization API and the piechart package.
    google.load('visualization', '1', {'packages':['corechart']});

    // Set a callback to run when the Google Visualization API is loaded.

    function drawChart() {

      // Create our data table out of JSON data loaded from server.
     var data = new google.visualization.DataTable();
        data.addColumn("string", "YEAR");
        data.addColumn("number", "NO of record");

        data.addRows(<?php $data ?>);

      var options = {
           title: 'My Weekly Plan',
          is3D: 'true',
          width: 800,
          height: 600
      // Instantiate and draw our chart, passing in some options.
      //do not forget to check ur div ID
      var chart = new google.visualization.PieChart(document.getElementById('chart_div'));
      chart.draw(data, options);

    <!--Div that will hold the pie chart-->
    <div id="chart_div"></div>

'namespace' but is used like a 'type'

All the answers indicate the cause, but sometimes the bigger problem is identifying all the places that define an improper namespace. With tools like Resharper that automatically adjust the namespace using the folder structure, it is rather easy to encounter this issue.

You can get all the lines that create the issue by searching in project / solution using the following regex:

namespace .+\.TheNameUsedAsBothNamespaceAndType

Angular2 equivalent of $document.ready()

You can fire an event yourself in ngOnInit() of your Angular root component and then listen for this event outside of Angular.

This is Dart code (I don't know TypeScript) but should't be to hard to translate

@Component(selector: 'app-element')
    templateUrl: 'app_element.html',
class AppElement implements OnInit {
  ElementRef elementRef;

  void ngOnInit() {
    DOM.dispatchEvent(elementRef.nativeElement, new CustomEvent('angular-ready'));

Remove leading or trailing spaces in an entire column of data

I was able to use Find & Replace with the "Find what:" input field set to:

" * "

(space asterisk space with no double-quotes)

and "Replace with:" set to:



How to put a jpg or png image into a button in HTML

You can use some inline CSS like this

<input type="submit" name="submit" style="background: url(images/stack.png); width:100px; height:25px;" />

Should do the magic, also you may wanna do a border:none; to get rid of the standard borders.

Change directory command in Docker?

To change into another directory use WORKDIR. All the RUN, CMD and ENTRYPOINT commands after WORKDIR will be executed from that directory.

RUN git clone XYZ 
RUN make

Find integer index of rows with NaN in pandas dataframe

Here is another simpler take:

df = pd.DataFrame([[0,1,3,4,np.nan,2],[3,5,6,np.nan,3,3]])

inds = np.asarray(df.isnull()).nonzero()

(array([0, 1], dtype=int64), array([4, 3], dtype=int64))

How to display image from URL on Android

You can try with Picasso, it's really nice and easy. Don't forget to add the permissions in the manifest.

                     .into(imageView );

You can also take a look at a tutorial here : Youtube / Github

How to compare two files in Notepad++ v6.6.8

2018 10 25. Update.

Notepad++ 7.5.8 does not have plugin manager by default. You have to download plugins manually.

Keep in mind, if you use 64 bit version of Notepad++, you should also use 64 bit version of plugin. I had a similar issue here.

Centering text in a table in Twitter Bootstrap

I think who the best mix for html & Css for quick and clean mod is :

<table class="table text-center">
        <th class="text-center">Uno</th>
        <th class="text-center">Due</th>
        <th class="text-center">Tre</th>
        <th class="text-center">Quattro</th>

close the <table> init tag then copy where you want :) I hope it can be useful Have a good day w stackoverflow

p.s. Bootstrap v3.2.0

Convert Go map to json

It actually tells you what's wrong, but you ignored it because you didn't check the error returned from json.Marshal.

json: unsupported type: map[int]main.Foo

JSON spec doesn't support anything except strings for object keys, while javascript won't be fussy about it, it's still illegal.

You have two options:

1 Use map[string]Foo and convert the index to string (using fmt.Sprint for example):

datas := make(map[string]Foo, N)

for i := 0; i < 10; i++ {
    datas[fmt.Sprint(i)] = Foo{Number: 1, Title: "test"}
j, err := json.Marshal(datas)
fmt.Println(string(j), err)

2 Simply just use a slice (javascript array):

datas2 := make([]Foo, N)
for i := 0; i < 10; i++ {
    datas2[i] = Foo{Number: 1, Title: "test"}
j, err = json.Marshal(datas2)
fmt.Println(string(j), err)


How to compare two dates in Objective-C


NSString *date = @"2009-05-11"
NSString *nowDate = [[[NSDate date]description]substringToIndex: 10];
if([date isEqualToString: nowDate])
// your code

How to get a parent element to appear above child

Cracked it. Basically, what's happening is that when you set the z-index to the negative, it actually ignores the parent element, whether it is positioned or not, and sits behind the next positioned element, which in your case was your main container. Therefore, you have to put your parent element in another, positioned div, and your child div will sit behind that.

Working that out was a life saver for me, as my parent element specifically couldn't be positioned, in order for my code to work.

I found all this incredibly useful to achieve the effect that's instructed on here: Using only CSS, show div on hover over <a>

How to use if-else logic in Java 8 stream forEach

Just put the condition into the lambda itself, e.g.

                pair -> {
                    if (pair.getValue() != null) {
                        myMap.put(pair.getKey(), pair.getValue());
                    } else {

Of course, this assumes that both collections (myMap and myList) are declared and initialized prior to the above piece of code.

Update: using Map.forEach makes the code shorter, plus more efficient and readable, as Jorn Vernee kindly suggested:

            (key, value) -> {
                if (value != null) {
                    myMap.put(key, value);
                } else {

Postgres - Transpose Rows to Columns

If anyone else that finds this question and needs a dynamic solution for this where you have an undefined number of columns to transpose to and not exactly 3, you can find a nice solution here:

how to display full stored procedure code?

Use \df to list all the stored procedure in Postgres.

Set a Fixed div to 100% width of the parent container

You can use margin for .wrap container instead of padding for .wrapper:

body{ height:20000px }
#wrapper { padding: 0%; }
    float: left;
    position: relative;
    margin: 10%;
    width: 40%; 


Force flex item to span full row width

When you want a flex item to occupy an entire row, set it to width: 100% or flex-basis: 100%, and enable wrap on the container.

The item now consumes all available space. Siblings are forced on to other rows.

.parent {
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;

#range, #text {
  flex: 1;

.error {
  flex: 0 0 100%; /* flex-grow, flex-shrink, flex-basis */
  border: 1px dashed black;
<div class="parent">
  <input type="range" id="range">
  <input type="text" id="text">
  <label class="error">Error message (takes full width)</label>

More info: The initial value of the flex-wrap property is nowrap, which means that all items will line up in a row. MDN

Getting value of HTML text input

Depends on where you want to use the email. If it's on the client side, without sending it to a PHP script, JQuery (or javascript) can do the trick.

I've created a fiddle to explain the same -

It has an alert which goes off on load and when you click the textbox itself.

How to get the parent dir location

May be join two .. folder, to get parent of the parent folder?

path = os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)),"..",".."))

Plotting lines connecting points

You can just pass a list of the two points you want to connect to plt.plot. To make this easily expandable to as many points as you want, you could define a function like so.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x=[-1 ,0.5 ,1,-0.5]
y=[ 0.5,  1, -0.5, -1]

plt.plot(x,y, 'ro')

def connectpoints(x,y,p1,p2):
    x1, x2 = x[p1], x[p2]
    y1, y2 = y[p1], y[p2]



enter image description here

Note, that function is a general function that can connect any two points in your list together.

To expand this to 2N points, assuming you always connect point i to point i+1, we can just put it in a for loop:

import numpy as np
for i in np.arange(0,len(x),2):

In that case of always connecting point i to point i+1, you could simply do:

for i in np.arange(0,len(x),2):

Password encryption at client side

This sort of protection is normally provided by using HTTPS, so that all communication between the web server and the client is encrypted.

The exact instructions on how to achieve this will depend on your web server.

The Apache documentation has a SSL Configuration HOW-TO guide that may be of some help. (thanks to user G. Qyy for the link)

Docker Compose wait for container X before starting Y

Tried many different ways, but liked the simplicity of this:

The idea that you can use ENV vars in the docker compose file to submit a list of services hosts (with ports) which should be "awaited" like this: WAIT_HOSTS: postgres:5432, mysql:3306, mongo:27017.

So let's say you have the following docker-compose.yml file (copy/past from repo README):

version: "3"


    image: mongo:3.4
    hostname: mongo
      - "27017:27017"

    image: "postgres:9.4"
    hostname: postgres
      - "5432:5432"

    image: "mysql:5.7"
    hostname: mysql
      - "3306:3306"

    image: "mySuperApp:latest"
    hostname: mySuperApp
      WAIT_HOSTS: postgres:5432, mysql:3306, mongo:27017

Next, in order for services to wait, you need to add the following two lines to your Dockerfiles (into Dockerfile of the services which should await other services to start):

ADD /wait
RUN chmod +x /wait

The complete example of such sample Dockerfile (again from the project repo README):

FROM alpine

## Add your application to the docker image

## Add the wait script to the image
ADD /wait
RUN chmod +x /wait

## Launch the wait tool and then your application
CMD /wait && /

For other details about possible usage see README

InputStream from a URL

Pure Java:


With some success I use this method. It handles redirects and one can pass a variable number of HTTP headers asMap<String,String>. It also allows redirects from HTTP to HTTPS.

private InputStream urlToInputStream(URL url, Map<String, String> args) {
    HttpURLConnection con = null;
    InputStream inputStream = null;
    try {
        con = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        if (args != null) {
            for (Entry<String, String> e : args.entrySet()) {
                con.setRequestProperty(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        int responseCode = con.getResponseCode();
        /* By default the connection will follow redirects. The following
         * block is only entered if the implementation of HttpURLConnection
         * does not perform the redirect. The exact behavior depends to 
         * the actual implementation (e.g.
         * !!! Attention: This block allows the connection to 
         * switch protocols (e.g. HTTP to HTTPS), which is <b>not</b> 
         * default behavior. See: 
         * for more info!!!
        if (responseCode < 400 && responseCode > 299) {
            String redirectUrl = con.getHeaderField("Location");
            try {
                URL newUrl = new URL(redirectUrl);
                return urlToInputStream(newUrl, args);
            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
                URL newUrl = new URL(url.getProtocol() + "://" + url.getHost() + redirectUrl);
                return urlToInputStream(newUrl, args);

        inputStream = con.getInputStream();
        return inputStream;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);

Full example call

private InputStream getInputStreamFromUrl(URL url, String user, String passwd) throws IOException {
        String encoded = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString((user + ":" + passwd).getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));
        Map<String,String> httpHeaders=new Map<>();
        httpHeaders.put("Accept", "application/json");
        httpHeaders.put("User-Agent", "myApplication");
        httpHeaders.put("Authorization", "Basic " + encoded);
        return urlToInputStream(url,httpHeaders);

Ignoring upper case and lower case in Java

You ignore case when you treat the data, not when you retrieve/store it. If you want to store everything in lowercase use String#toLowerCase, in uppercase use String#toUpperCase.

Then when you have to actually treat it, you may use out of the bow methods, like String#equalsIgnoreCase(java.lang.String). If nothing exists in the Java API that fulfill your needs, then you'll have to write your own logic.

What is the difference between IEnumerator and IEnumerable?

IEnumerable is an interface that defines one method GetEnumerator which returns an IEnumerator interface, this in turn allows readonly access to a collection. A collection that implements IEnumerable can be used with a foreach statement.



public IEnumerator GetEnumerator();


public object Current;
public void Reset();
public bool MoveNext();

example code from

How do I remove  from the beginning of a file?

BOM is just a sequence of characters ($EF $BB $BF for UTF-8), so just remove them using scripts or configure the editor so it's not added.

From Removing BOM from UTF-8:

$file[0] =~ s/^\xEF\xBB\xBF//;

I am sure it translates to PHP easily.

The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel

I was having this same issue and found this answer worked properly for me. The key is 3072. This link provides the details on the '3072' fix.

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = (SecurityProtocolType)3072;

XmlReader r = XmlReader.Create(url);
SyndicationFeed albums = SyndicationFeed.Load(r);

In my case two feeds required the fix:

Declaration of Methods should be Compatible with Parent Methods in PHP

I faced this problem while trying to extend an existing class from GitHub. I'm gonna try to explain myself, first writing the class as I though it should be, and then the class as it is now.

What I though

namespace mycompany\CutreApi;

use mycompany\CutreApi\ClassOfVendor;

class CutreApi extends \vendor\AwesomeApi\AwesomeApi
   public function whatever(): ClassOfVendor
        return new ClassOfVendor();

What I've finally done

namespace mycompany\CutreApi;

use \vendor\AwesomeApi\ClassOfVendor;

class CutreApi extends \vendor\AwesomeApi\AwesomeApi
   public function whatever(): ClassOfVendor
        return new \mycompany\CutreApi\ClassOfVendor();

So seems that this errror raises also when you're using a method that return a namespaced class, and you try to return the same class but with other namespace. Fortunately I have found this solution, but I do not fully understand the benefit of this feature in php 7.2, for me it is normal to rewrite existing class methods as you need them, including the redefinition of input parameters and / or even behavior of the method.

One downside of the previous aproach, is that IDE's could not recognise the new methods implemented in \mycompany\CutreApi\ClassOfVendor(). So, for now, I will go with this implementation.

Currently done

namespace mycompany\CutreApi;

use mycompany\CutreApi\ClassOfVendor;

class CutreApi extends \vendor\AwesomeApi\AwesomeApi
   public function getWhatever(): ClassOfVendor
        return new ClassOfVendor();

So, instead of trying to use "whatever" method, I wrote a new one called "getWhatever". In fact both of them are doing the same, just returning a class, but with diferents namespaces as I've described before.

Hope this can help someone.

Google Map API - Removing Markers

You need to keep an array of the google.maps.Marker objects to hide (or remove or run other operations on them).

In the global scope:

var gmarkers = [];

Then push the markers on that array as you create them:

var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
    position: new google.maps.LatLng(locations[i].latitude, locations[i].longitude),
    title: locations[i].title,
    icon: icon,

// Push your newly created marker into the array:

Then to remove them:

function removeMarkers(){
    for(i=0; i<gmarkers.length; i++){

working example (toggles the markers)

code snippet:

var gmarkers = [];_x000D_
var RoseHulman = new google.maps.LatLng(39.483558, -87.324593);_x000D_
var styles = [{_x000D_
  stylers: [{_x000D_
    hue: "black"_x000D_
  }, {_x000D_
    saturation: -90_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  featureType: "road",_x000D_
  elementType: "geometry",_x000D_
  stylers: [{_x000D_
    lightness: 100_x000D_
  }, {_x000D_
    visibility: "simplified"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  featureType: "road",_x000D_
  elementType: "labels",_x000D_
  stylers: [{_x000D_
    visibility: "on"_x000D_
var styledMap = new google.maps.StyledMapType(styles, {_x000D_
  name: "Campus"_x000D_
var mapOptions = {_x000D_
  center: RoseHulman,_x000D_
  zoom: 15,_x000D_
  mapTypeControl: true,_x000D_
  zoomControl: true,_x000D_
  zoomControlOptions: {_x000D_
    style: google.maps.ZoomControlStyle.SMALL_x000D_
  mapTypeControlOptions: {_x000D_
    mapTypeIds: ['map_style', google.maps.MapTypeId.HYBRID],_x000D_
    style: google.maps.MapTypeControlStyle.DROPDOWN_MENU_x000D_
  scrollwheel: false,_x000D_
  streetViewControl: true,_x000D_
var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), mapOptions);_x000D_
map.mapTypes.set('map_style', styledMap);_x000D_
var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({_x000D_
  maxWidth: 300,_x000D_
  infoBoxClearance: new google.maps.Size(1, 1),_x000D_
  disableAutoPan: false_x000D_
var marker, i, icon, image;_x000D_
var locations = [{_x000D_
  "id": "1",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F2",_x000D_
  "title": "Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Alpha Tau Omega house</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.321133",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484092"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "2",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B2",_x000D_
  "title": "Apartment Commons",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>The commons area of the apartment-style residential complex</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.329282",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483599"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "3",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B2",_x000D_
  "title": "Apartment East",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Apartment East</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.328809",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483748"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "4",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B2",_x000D_
  "title": "Apartment West",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Apartment West</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.329732",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483429"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "5",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C2",_x000D_
  "title": "Baur-Sames-Bogart (BSB) Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Baur-Sames-Bogart Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.325714",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482382"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "6",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D3",_x000D_
  "title": "Blumberg Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Blumberg Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.328321",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483388"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "7",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E1",_x000D_
  "title": "The Branam Innovation Center",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>The Branam Innovation Center</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.322614",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.48494"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "8",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "G3",_x000D_
  "title": "Chi Omega Sorority",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Chi Omega house</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.319905",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482071"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "9",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D1",_x000D_
  "title": "Cook Stadium/Phil Brown Field",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Cook Stadium at Phil Brown Field</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.325258",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.485007"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "10",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D2",_x000D_
  "title": "Crapo Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Crapo Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.324368",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483709"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "11",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "G3",_x000D_
  "title": "Delta Delta Delta Sorority",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Delta Delta Delta</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.317477",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482951"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "12",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D2",_x000D_
  "title": "Deming Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Deming Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.325822",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483421"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "13",_x000D_
  "category": "5",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F1",_x000D_
  "title": "Facilities Operations",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Facilities Operations</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.321782",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484916"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "14",_x000D_
  "category": "2",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E3",_x000D_
  "title": "Flame of the Millennium",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Flame of Millennium sculpture</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.323306",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.481978"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "15",_x000D_
  "category": "5",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E2",_x000D_
  "title": "Hadley Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Hadley Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.324046",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482887"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "16",_x000D_
  "category": "2",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F2",_x000D_
  "title": "Hatfield Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Hatfield Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.322340",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482146"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "17",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C2",_x000D_
  "title": "Hulman Memorial Union",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Hulman Memorial Union</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.32698",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483574"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "18",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E2",_x000D_
  "title": "John T. Myers Center for Technological Research with Industry",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>John T. Myers Center for Technological Research With Industry</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.322984",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484063"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "19",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "A2",_x000D_
  "title": "Lakeside Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p></p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.330612",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482804"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "20",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F2",_x000D_
  "title": "Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Lambda Chi Alpha</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.320999",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.48305"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "21",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D2",_x000D_
  "title": "Logan Library",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Logan Library</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.324851",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483408"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "22",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C2",_x000D_
  "title": "Mees Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Mees Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.32778",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483533"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "23",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E2",_x000D_
  "title": "Moench Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Moench Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.323695",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483471"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "24",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "G4",_x000D_
  "title": "Oakley Observatory",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Oakley Observatory</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.31616",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483789"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "25",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D2",_x000D_
  "title": "Olin Hall and Olin Advanced Learning Center",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Olin Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.324550",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482796"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "26",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C3",_x000D_
  "title": "Percopo Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Percopo Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.328182",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482121"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "27",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "G3",_x000D_
  "title": "Public Safety Office",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>The Office of Public Safety</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.320377",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.48191"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "28",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E2",_x000D_
  "title": "Rotz Mechanical Engineering Lab",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Rotz Lab</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.323247",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483711"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "28",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C2",_x000D_
  "title": "Scharpenberg Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Scharpenberg Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.328139",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483582"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "29",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "G2",_x000D_
  "title": "Sigma Nu Fraternity",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>The Sigma Nu house</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.31999",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.48374"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "30",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E4",_x000D_
  "title": "South Campus / Rose-Hulman Ventures",_x000D_
  "description": "<p></p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.330623",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.417646"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "31",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C3",_x000D_
  "title": "Speed Hall",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Speed Hall</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.326632",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482121"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "32",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "C1",_x000D_
  "title": "Sports and Recreation Center",_x000D_
  "description": "<p></p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.3272",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484874"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "33",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F2",_x000D_
  "title": "Triangle Fraternity",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Triangle fraternity</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.32113",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483659"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "34",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B3",_x000D_
  "title": "White Chapel",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>The White Chapel</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.329367",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482481"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "35",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F2",_x000D_
  "title": "Women's Fraternity Housing",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.320753",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482401"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "36",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "E1",_x000D_
  "title": "Intramural Fields",_x000D_
  "description": "<p></p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.321267",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.485934"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "37",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "A3",_x000D_
  "title": "James Rendel Soccer Field",_x000D_
  "description": "<p></p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.332135",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.480933"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "38",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B2",_x000D_
  "title": "Art Nehf Field",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>Art Nehf Field</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.330923",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.48022"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "39",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B2",_x000D_
  "title": "Women's Softball Field",_x000D_
  "description": "<p></p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.329904",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.480278"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "40",_x000D_
  "category": "3",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "D1",_x000D_
  "title": "Joy Hulbert Tennis Courts",_x000D_
  "description": "<p>The Joy Hulbert Outdoor Tennis Courts</p>",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.323767",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.485595"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "41",_x000D_
  "category": "6",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "B2",_x000D_
  "title": "Speed Lake",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.328134",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482779"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "42",_x000D_
  "category": "5",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F1",_x000D_
  "title": "Recycling Center",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.320098",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484593"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "43",_x000D_
  "category": "1",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "F3",_x000D_
  "title": "Army ROTC",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.321342",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.481992"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "44",_x000D_
  "category": "2",_x000D_
  "campus_location": "  ",_x000D_
  "title": "Self Made Man",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.326272",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484481"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P1",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Percopo Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.328756",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.481587"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P2",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Speed Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.327361",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.481694"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P3",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Main Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.326245",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.481446"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P4",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Lakeside Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.330848",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.483284"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P5",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Hatfield Hall Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.321417",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482398"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P6",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Women's Fraternity Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.320977",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.482315"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P7",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "Myers and Facilities Parking",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.322243",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.48417"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P8",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.323241",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484758"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P9",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.323617",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484311"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P10",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.325714",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484584"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P11",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.32778",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.484145"_x000D_
}, {_x000D_
  "id": "P12",_x000D_
  "category": "4",_x000D_
  "title": "",_x000D_
  "description": "",_x000D_
  "image": "",_x000D_
  "longitude": "-87.329035",_x000D_
  "latitude": "39.4848"_x000D_
for (i = 0; i < locations.length; i++) {_x000D_
  var marker = new google.maps.Marker({_x000D_
    position: new google.maps.LatLng(locations[i].latitude, locations[i].longitude),_x000D_
    title: locations[i].title,_x000D_
    map: map_x000D_
  google.maps.event.addListener(marker, 'click', (function(marker, i) {_x000D_
    return function() {_x000D_
      if (locations[i].description !== "" || locations[i].title !== "") {_x000D_
        infowindow.setContent('<div class="content" id="content-' + locations[i].id +_x000D_
          '" style="max-height:300px; font-size:12px;"><h3>' + locations[i].title + '</h3>' +_x000D_
          '<hr class="grey" />' +_x000D_
          hasImage(locations[i]) +_x000D_
          locations[i].description) + '</div>';_x000D_, marker);_x000D_
  })(marker, i));_x000D_
function toggleMarkers() {_x000D_
  for (i = 0; i < gmarkers.length; i++) {_x000D_
    if (gmarkers[i].getMap() != null) gmarkers[i].setMap(null);_x000D_
    else gmarkers[i].setMap(map);_x000D_
function hasImage(location) {_x000D_
  return '';_x000D_
#map {_x000D_
  height: 100%;_x000D_
  width: 100%;_x000D_
<script src=""></script>_x000D_
<script src=""></script>_x000D_
<div id="controls">_x000D_
  <input type="button" value="Toggle All Markers" onClick="toggleMarkers()" />_x000D_
<div id="map"></div>

How to check if a file exists from a url

You can use the function file_get_contents();

if(file_get_contents('')) {
    //File exists

Pure CSS multi-level drop-down menu

For a menu which responds to click events as opposed to just hover, and acts in a similar way to a select control...

Pure CSS Select Menu


<ul tabindex='0'>
        <input id='item1' type='radio' name='item' checked='true' />
        <label for='item1'>Item 1</label>
        <input id='item2' type='radio' name='item' />
        <label for='item2'>Item 2</label>
        <input id='item3' type='radio' name='item' />
        <label for='item3'>Item 3</label>


ul, li {
li input {
ul:not(:focus) input:not(:checked), ul:not(:focus) input:not(:checked) + label {
input:checked+label {

How to show what a commit did?

The answers by Bomber and Jakub (Thanks!) are correct and work for me in different situations.

For a quick glance at what was in the commit, I use

git show <replace this with your commit-id>

But I like to view a graphical Diff when studying something in detail and have set up a P4diff as my git diff and then use

git diff <replace this with your commit-id>^!

How to get the current working directory using python 3?

It seems that IDLE changes its current working dir to location of the script that is executed, while when running the script using cmd doesn't do that and it leaves CWD as it is.

To change current working dir to the one containing your script you can use:

import os

The __file__ variable is available only if you execute script from file, and it contains path to the file. More on it here: Python __file__ attribute absolute or relative?

Error: Unable to run mksdcard SDK tool

In case of lubuntu 14.04 use

sudo apt-get install lib32z1 lib32ncurses5 lib32bz2-1.0 lib32stdc++6

P.S-no need to restart the system.

How to find out what type of a Mat object is with Mat::type() in OpenCV

I always use this link to see what type is the number I get with type():
I hope this can help you.

Each GROUP BY expression must contain at least one column that is not an outer reference

You can't group by literals, only columns.

You are probably looking for something like this:

LEFT(SUBSTRING(batchinfo.datapath, PATINDEX('%[0-9][0-9][0-9]%', batchinfo.datapath), 8000), PATINDEX('%[^0-9]%', SUBSTRING(batchinfo.datapath, PATINDEX('%[0-9][0-9][0-9]%', batchinfo.datapath), 8000))-1) as pathinfo,,
 from batchinfo join qvalues on batchinfo.rowid=qvalues.rowid
where LEN(datapath)>4
group by pathinfo,, qvalues.compound
having rid!=MAX(rid)

First of all, you have to give that first expression a column name with as. Then you have to specify the names of the columns in the group by expression.

Twitter API returns error 215, Bad Authentication Data

The answer by Gruik worked for me in the below thread.

{Excerpt | Zend_Service_Twitter - Make API v1.1 ready}

with ZF 1.12.3 the workaround is to pass consumerKey and consumerSecret in oauthOptions option, not directrly in the options.

    $options = array(
        'username' => /*...*/,
        'accessToken' => /*...*/,
        'oauthOptions' => array(
            'consumerKey' => /*...*/,
            'consumerSecret' => /*...*/,

UTF-8 encoded html pages show ? (questions marks) instead of characters

When [dropping] the encoding settings mentioned above all characters [are rendered] correctly but the encoding that is detected shows either windows-1252 or ISO-8859-1 depending on the browser.

Then that's what you're really sending. None of the encoding settings in your bullet list will actually modify your output in any way; all they do is tell the browser what encoding to assume when interpreting what you send. That's why you're getting those ?s - you're telling the browser that what you're sending is UTF-8, but it's really ISO-8859-1.

What is the fastest way to create a checksum for large files in C#

Don't checksum the entire file, create checksums every 100mb or so, so each file has a collection of checksums.

Then when comparing checksums, you can stop comparing after the first different checksum, getting out early, and saving you from processing the entire file.

It'll still take the full time for identical files.

Kill detached screen session

You can kill a detached session which is not responding within the screen session by doing the following.

  1. Type screen -list to identify the detached screen session.

    ~$ screen -list  
        There are screens on:  
             20751.Melvin_Peter_V42  (Detached)  

    Note: 20751.Melvin_Peter_V42 is your session id.

  2. Get attached to the detached screen session

    screen -r 20751.Melvin_Peter_V42
  3. Once connected to the session press Ctrl + A then type :quit

Returning binary file from controller in ASP.NET Web API

For those using .NET Core:

You can make use of the IActionResult interface in an API controller method, like so...

    public async Task<IActionResult> GetReportData(int year)
        // Render Excel document in memory and return as Byte[]
        Byte[] file = await this._reportDao.RenderReportAsExcel(year);

        return File(file, "application/vnd.openxmlformats", "fileName.xlsx");

This example is simplified, but should get the point across. In .NET Core this process is so much simpler than in previous versions of .NET - i.e. no setting response type, content, headers, etc.

Also, of course the MIME type for the file and the extension will depend on individual needs.

Reference: SO Post Answer by @NKosi

Troubleshooting "program does not contain a static 'Main' method" when it clearly does...?

My problem is that I accidentally set the arguments for Main

static void Main(object value)

thanks to my refactoring tool. Took couple mins to figure out but should help someone along the way.

Accessing all items in the JToken

You can cast your JToken to a JObject and then use the Properties() method to get a list of the object properties. From there, you can get the names rather easily.

Something like this:

string json =

                ""1"":""United States""
            ""name"":""Floor Number"",
            ""name"":""Address Map""

JToken outer = JToken.Parse(json);
JObject inner = outer["ADDRESS_MAP"].Value<JObject>();

List<string> keys = inner.Properties().Select(p => p.Name).ToList();

foreach (string k in keys)



Why doesn't TFS get latest get the latest?

Team Foundation Server (TFS) keeps track of its local copy in a hidden directory called $TF.When you issue the "get Latest Version", TFS looks into this folder and see weather I have the latest copy or not. If it does it will not download the latest copy. It does not matter if you have the original file or not. In fact you might have deleted the entire folder (as in my case) and TFS won't fetch the latest copy because it does not look into the actual file but the hidden directory where it records changes. The flaw with this design is, anything done outside the system will not be recorded in TFS. For example, you may go into Windows explorer, delete a folder or file and TFS wont recognize it. It will be totally blind. At least I would expect there Windows would not let you delete this file but it does!

One way to enforce the latest copy is to delete the hidden $TF folder manually. To do that, go to command prompt and navigate to the root folder where you project was checked out and issue this command

rd/s $tf                    // remove $TF folder and everything inside it

If you want to just check the hidden folder, you can do it using

dir /ah                    // display hidden files and folders

Note: If you do it, the tf will think you do not have any local copy even though you have it in files and it will sync up everything again.

Caution: Use this method at your own risk. Please do not use it on critical work.

Python how to exit main function

If you don't feel like importing anything, you can try:

raise SystemExit, 0

Passing arrays as parameters in bash

function aecho {
  set "$1[$2]"
  echo "${!1}"


$ foo=(dog cat bird)

$ aecho foo 1

Send data through routing paths in Angular

Best I found on internet for this is ngx-navigation-with-data. It is very simple and good for navigation the data from one component to another component. You have to just import the component class and use it in very simple way. Suppose you have home and about component and want to send data then


import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { NgxNavigationWithDataComponent } from 'ngx-navigation-with-data';

 selector: 'app-home',
 templateUrl: './home.component.html',
 styleUrls: ['./home.component.css']
export class HomeComponent implements OnInit {

constructor(public navCtrl: NgxNavigationWithDataComponent) { }

 ngOnInit() {

 navigateToABout() {
  this.navCtrl.navigate('about', {name:"virendta"});



import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { NgxNavigationWithDataComponent } from 'ngx-navigation-with-data';

 selector: 'app-about',
 templateUrl: './about.component.html',
 styleUrls: ['./about.component.css']
export class AboutComponent implements OnInit {

 constructor(public navCtrl: NgxNavigationWithDataComponent) {
  console.log(this.navCtrl.get('name')); // it will console Virendra
  console.log(; // it will console whole data object here

 ngOnInit() {


For any query follow

Comment down for help.

Google Gson - deserialize list<class> object? (generic type)

Method to deserialize generic collection:

import java.lang.reflect.Type;


Type listType = new TypeToken<ArrayList<YourClass>>(){}.getType();
List<YourClass> yourClassList = new Gson().fromJson(jsonArray, listType);

Since several people in the comments have mentioned it, here's an explanation of how the TypeToken class is being used. The construction new TypeToken<...>() {}.getType() captures a compile-time type (between the < and >) into a runtime java.lang.reflect.Type object. Unlike a Class object, which can only represent a raw (erased) type, the Type object can represent any type in the Java language, including a parameterized instantiation of a generic type.

The TypeToken class itself does not have a public constructor, because you're not supposed to construct it directly. Instead, you always construct an anonymous subclass (hence the {}, which is a necessary part of this expression).

Due to type erasure, the TypeToken class is only able to capture types that are fully known at compile time. (That is, you can't do new TypeToken<List<T>>() {}.getType() for a type parameter T.)

For more information, see the documentation for the TypeToken class.

What does status=canceled for a resource mean in Chrome Developer Tools?

Here is another case of request being canceled by chrome, which I just encountered, which is not covered by any of answers up there.

In a nutshell
Self-signed certificate not being trusted on my android phone.

We are in development/debug phase. The url is pointing to a self-signed host. The code is like:

location.href = ''

Chrome just canceled the request silently, leaving no clue for newbie to web development like myself to fix the issue. Once I downloaded and installed the certificate using the android phone the issue is gone.

Dependency Walker reports IESHIMS.DLL and WER.DLL missing?

1· Do I need these DLL's?

It depends since Dependency Walker is a little bit out of date and may report the wrong dependency.

  1. Where can I get them?

most dlls can be found at

I believe they are supposed to located in C:\Windows\System32\Wer.dll and C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\Ieshims.dll

For me leshims.dll can be placed at C:\Windows\System32\. Context: windows 7 64bit.

How to get absolute value from double - c-language

It's worth noting that Java can overload a method such as abs so that it works with an integer or a double. In C, overloading doesn't exist, so you need different functions for integer versus double.

Repeat command automatically in Linux

A concise solution, which is particularly useful if you want to run the command repeatedly until it fails, and lets you see all output.

while ls -l; do
    sleep 5

How to set TLS version on apache HttpClient

Using the HttpClientBuilder in HttpClient 4.5.x with a custom HttpClientConnectionManager with the defaults of HttpClientBuilder :

SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslConnectionSocketFactory = 
    new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(SSLContexts.createDefault(),          
                                   new String[] { "TLSv1.2" },                                            

PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager poolingHttpClientConnectionManager =
    new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager(
        RegistryBuilder.<ConnectionSocketFactory> create()

// Customize the connection pool

CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClientBuilder.create()

Without a custom HttpClientConnectionManager :

SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslConnectionSocketFactory = 
    new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(SSLContexts.createDefault(),          
                                   new String[] { "TLSv1.2" },                                            

CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClientBuilder.create()

AngularJS ng-click to go to another page (with Ionic framework)

app.controller('NavCtrl', function ($scope, $location, $state, $window, Post, Auth) {
    $ = {url: 'http://', title: ''};

    $scope.createVariable = function(url) {
      $window.location.href = url;
    $scope.createFixed = function() {
      $window.location.href = '/tab/newpost';


<button class="button button-icon ion-compose" ng-click="createFixed()"></button>
<button class="button button-icon ion-compose" ng-click="createVariable('/tab/newpost')"></button>

Percentage Height HTML 5/CSS

bobince's answer will let you know in which cases "height: XX%;" will or won't work.

If you want to create an element with a set ratio (height: % of it's own width), the best way to do that is by effectively setting the height using padding-bottom. Example for square:

<div class="square-container">
  <div class="square-content">
    <!-- put your content in here -->

.square-container {  /* any display: block; element */
  position: relative;
  height: 0;
  padding-bottom: 100%; /* of parent width */
.square-content {
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;

The square container will just be made of padding, and the content will expand to fill the container. Long article from 2009 on this subject:

SOAP vs REST (differences)

First of all: officially, the correct question would be web services + WSDL + SOAP vs REST.

Because, although the web service, is used in the loose sense, when using the HTTP protocol to transfer data instead of web pages, officially it is a very specific form of that idea. According to the definition, REST is not "web service".

In practice however, everyone ignores that, so let's ignore it too

There are already technical answers, so I'll try to provide some intuition.

Let's say you want to call a function in a remote computer, implemented in some other programming language (this is often called remote procedure call/RPC). Assume that function can be found at a specific URL, provided by the person who wrote it. You have to (somehow) send it a message, and get some response. So, there are two main questions to consider.

  • what is the format of the message you should send
  • how should the message be carried back and forth

For the first question, the official definition is WSDL. This is an XML file which describes, in detailed and strict format, what are the parameters, what are their types, names, default values, the name of the function to be called, etc. An example WSDL here shows that the file is human-readable (but not easily).

For the second question, there are various answers. However, the only one used in practice is SOAP. Its main idea is: wrap the previous XML (the actual message) into yet another XML (containing encoding info and other helpful stuff), and send it over HTTP. The POST method of the HTTP is used to send the message, since there is always a body.

The main idea of this whole approach is that you map a URL to a function, that is, to an action. So, if you have a list of customers in some server, and you want to view/update/delete one, you must have 3 URLS:

  • myapp/read-customer and in the body of the message, pass the id of the customer to be read.
  • myapp/update-customer and in the body, pass the id of the customer, as well as the new data
  • myapp/delete-customer and the id in the body

The REST approach sees things differently. A URL should not represent an action, but a thing (called resource in the REST lingo). Since the HTTP protocol (which we are already using) supports verbs, use those verbs to specify what actions to perform on the thing.

So, with the REST approach, customer number 12 would be found on URL myapp/customers/12. To view the customer data, you hit the URL with a GET request. To delete it, the same URL, with a DELETE verb. To update it, again, the same URL with a POST verb, and the new content in the request body.

For more details about the requirements that a service has to fulfil to be considered truly RESTful, see the Richardson maturity model. The article gives examples, and, more importantly, explains why a (so-called) SOAP service, is a level-0 REST service (although, level-0 means low compliance to this model, it's not offensive, and it is still useful in many cases).

shorthand c++ if else statement

The basic syntax for using ternary operator is like this:

(condition) ? (if_true) : (if_false)

For you case it is like this:

number < 0 ? bigInt.sign = 0 : bigInt.sign = 1;

Change <select>'s option and trigger events with JavaScript

Fiddle of my solution is here. But just in case it expires I will paste the code as well.


<select id="sel">
  <option value='1'>One</option>
  <option value='2'>Two</option>
  <option value='3'>Three</option>
<input type="button" id="button" value="Change option to 2" />


var sel = document.getElementById('sel'),
    button = document.getElementById('button');

button.addEventListener('click', function (e) {
    sel.options[1].selected = true;

    // firing the event properly according to StackOverflow
    if ("createEvent" in document) {
        var evt = document.createEvent("HTMLEvents");
        evt.initEvent("change", false, true);
    else {

sel.addEventListener('change', function (e) {

Making a flex item float right

You don't need floats. In fact, they're useless because floats are ignored in flexbox.

You also don't need CSS positioning.

There are several flex methods available. auto margins have been mentioned in another answer.

Here are two other options:

  • Use justify-content: space-between and the order property.
  • Use justify-content: space-between and reverse the order of the divs.

.parent {_x000D_
    display: flex;_x000D_
    justify-content: space-between;_x000D_
.parent:first-of-type > div:last-child { order: -1; }_x000D_
p { background-color: #ddd;}
<p>Method 1: Use <code>justify-content: space-between</code> and <code>order-1</code></p>_x000D_
<div class="parent">_x000D_
    <div class="child" style="float:right"> Ignore parent? </div>_x000D_
    <div>another child </div>_x000D_
<p>Method 2: Use <code>justify-content: space-between</code> and reverse the order of _x000D_
             divs in the mark-up</p>_x000D_
<div class="parent">_x000D_
    <div>another child </div>_x000D_
    <div class="child" style="float:right"> Ignore parent? </div>_x000D_

How can I create my own comparator for a map?

Specify the type of the pointer to your comparison function as the 3rd type into the map, and provide the function pointer to the map constructor:
map<keyType, valueType, typeOfPointerToFunction> mapName(pointerToComparisonFunction);

Take a look at the example below for providing a comparison function to a map, with vector iterator as key and int as value.

#include "headers.h"

bool int_vector_iter_comp(const vector<int>::iterator iter1, const vector<int>::iterator iter2) {
    return *iter1 < *iter2;

int main() {
    // Without providing custom comparison function
    map<vector<int>::iterator, int> default_comparison;

    // Providing custom comparison function
    // Basic version
    map<vector<int>::iterator, int,
        bool (*)(const vector<int>::iterator iter1, const vector<int>::iterator iter2)>

    // use decltype
    map<vector<int>::iterator, int, decltype(int_vector_iter_comp)*> with_decltype(&int_vector_iter_comp);

    // Use type alias or using
    typedef bool my_predicate(const vector<int>::iterator iter1, const vector<int>::iterator iter2);
    map<vector<int>::iterator, int, my_predicate*> with_typedef(&int_vector_iter_comp);

    using my_predicate_pointer_type = bool (*)(const vector<int>::iterator iter1, const vector<int>::iterator iter2);
    map<vector<int>::iterator, int, my_predicate_pointer_type> with_using(&int_vector_iter_comp);

    // Testing 
    vector<int> v = {1, 2, 3};

    default_comparison.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.end(), 0}));
    default_comparison.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 0}));
    default_comparison.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 1}));
    default_comparison.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin() + 1, 1}));

    cout << "size: " << default_comparison.size() << endl;
    for (auto& p : default_comparison) {
        cout << *(p.first) << ": " << p.second << endl;

    basic.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.end(), 0}));
    basic.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 0}));
    basic.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 1}));
    basic.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin() + 1, 1}));

    cout << "size: " << basic.size() << endl;
    for (auto& p : basic) {
        cout << *(p.first) << ": " << p.second << endl;

    with_decltype.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.end(), 0}));
    with_decltype.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 0}));
    with_decltype.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 1}));
    with_decltype.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin() + 1, 1}));

    cout << "size: " << with_decltype.size() << endl;
    for (auto& p : with_decltype) {
        cout << *(p.first) << ": " << p.second << endl;

    with_typedef.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.end(), 0}));
    with_typedef.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 0}));
    with_typedef.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin(), 1}));
    with_typedef.insert(pair<vector<int>::iterator, int>({v.begin() + 1, 1}));

    cout << "size: " << with_typedef.size() << endl;
    for (auto& p : with_typedef) {
        cout << *(p.first) << ": " << p.second << endl;

Difference between "move" and "li" in MIPS assembly language

The move instruction copies a value from one register to another. The li instruction loads a specific numeric value into that register.

For the specific case of zero, you can use either the constant zero or the zero register to get that:

move $s0, $zero
li   $s0, 0

There's no register that generates a value other than zero, though, so you'd have to use li if you wanted some other number, like:

li $s0, 12345678

Python in Xcode 4+?

Another way, which I've been using for awhile in XCode3:

See steps 1-15 above.

  1. Choose /bin/bash as your executable
  2. For the "Debugger" field, select "None".
  3. In the "Arguments" tab, click the "Base Expansions On" field and select the target you created earlier.
  4. Click the "+" icon under "Arguments Passed On Launch". You may have to expand that section by clicking on the triangle pointing to the right.
  5. Type in "-l". This will tell bash to use your login environment (PYTHONPATH, etc..)
  6. Do step #19 again.
  7. Type in "-c '$(SOURCE_ROOT)/.py'"
  8. Click "OK".
  9. Start coding.

The nice thing about this way is it will use the same environment to develop in that you would use to run in outside of XCode (as setup from your bash .profile).

It's also generic enough to let you develop/run any type of file, not just python.

ASP.NET Web API - PUT & DELETE Verbs Not Allowed - IIS 8

After nothing worked, I was able to solve this by below steps:

• Did not select ‘WEB DAV PUBLISHING’ IIS settings, while installing IIS. • INETMGR - Default Website – Request Filtering – HTTP Verbs – PUT as True

How to loop over files in directory and change path and add suffix to filename

Looks like you're trying to execute a windows file (.exe) Surely you ought to be using powershell. Anyway on a Linux bash shell a simple one-liner will suffice.

[/home/$] for filename in /Data/*.txt; do for i in {0..3}; do ./MyProgam.exe  Data/filenameLogs/$filename_log$i.txt; done done

Or in a bash


for filename in /Data/*.txt; 
     for i in {0..3}; 
       do ./MyProgam.exe Data/filename.txt Logs/$filename_log$i.txt; 

Elasticsearch : Root mapping definition has unsupported parameters index : not_analyzed

PUT /testIndex
    "mappings": {
        "properties": {     <--ADD THIS
            "field1": {
                "type": "integer"
            "field2": {  
                "type": "integer"
            "field3": {
                "type": "string",
                "index": "not_analyzed"
            "field4": {
                "type": "string",
                "analyzer": "autocomplete",
                "search_analyzer": "standard"
    "settings": {

Here's a similar command I know works:

curl -v -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Authorization: Basic cGC3COJ1c2Vy925hZGFJbXBvcnABCnRl" -X PUT -d '{"mappings":{"properties":{"city":{"type": "text"}}}}'

The breakdown for the above curl command is:

PUT /manzanaIndex
                    "type": "text"

Hide axis values but keep axis tick labels in matplotlib

to remove tickmarks entirely use:


otherwise ax.set_yticklabels([]) and ax.set_xticklabels([]) will keep tickmarks.

vector vs. list in STL

The only hard rule where list must be used is where you need to distribute pointers to elements of the container.

Unlike with vector, you know that the memory of elements won't be reallocated. If it could be then you might have pointers to unused memory, which is at best a big no-no and at worst a SEGFAULT.

(Technically a vector of *_ptr would also work but in that case you are emulating list so that's just semantics.)

Other soft rules have to do with the possible performance issues of inserting elements into the middle of a container, whereupon list would be preferable.

A field initializer cannot reference the nonstatic field, method, or property

You need to put that code into the constructor of your class:

private Reminders reminder = new Reminders();
private dynamic defaultReminder;

public YourClass()
    defaultReminder = reminder.TimeSpanText[TimeSpan.FromMinutes(15)];

The reason is that you can't use one instance variable to initialize another one using a field initializer.

Error executing command 'ant' on Mac OS X 10.9 Mavericks when building for Android with PhoneGap/Cordova

For OSX your path needs to include /Users/yourusername

their example: /Development/adt-bundle/sdk/platform-tools
needs to be: /Users/yourusername/Development/adt-bundle/sdk/platform-tools

How do I disable a href link in JavaScript?

This is possible, too:

<a href="javascript:void(0)" onclick="myfunction()">

Link doesn't go anywhere by your function will be executed.

how to open Jupyter notebook in chrome on windows

You don't have to change anything in the jupyter config code, you just have to make Chrome as your default browser in the setting. Jupyter opens whichever is the default.

Sublime Text 2 - Show file navigation in sidebar

See this plugin

This version, while not merge with fork branch, has more power to find files basead on class name.


select namespace and click alt+d click on word of class name and click alt+d click on path of template file and click alt+d

How to completely uninstall python 2.7.13 on Ubuntu 16.04

How I do:

# Remove python2
sudo apt purge -y python2.7-minimal

# You already have Python3 but 
# don't care about the version 
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python3 /usr/bin/python

# Same for pip
sudo apt install -y python3-pip
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/pip3 /usr/bin/pip

# Confirm the new version of Python: 3
python --version

Mixed mode assembly is built against version ‘v2.0.50727' of the runtime

For me this was thrown when running unit tests under MSTest (VS2015). Had to add

<startup useLegacyV2RuntimeActivationPolicy="true">


C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\Common7\IDE\CommonExtensions\Microsoft\TestWindow\TE.ProcessHost.Managed.exe.config

Mixed-Mode Assembly MSTest Failing in VS2015

Rename multiple files based on pattern in Unix

This script worked for me for recursive renaming with directories/file names possibly containing white-spaces:

find . -type f -name "*\;*" | while read fname; do
    dirname=`dirname "$fname"`
    filename=`basename "$fname"`
    newname=`echo "$filename" | sed -e "s/;/ /g"`
    mv "${dirname}/$filename" "${dirname}/$newname"

Notice the sed expression which in this example replaces all occurrences of ; with space . This should of course be replaced according to the specific needs.

Maven:Non-resolvable parent POM and 'parent.relativePath' points at wrong local POM

So In my case, After trying all the above options, I realized it was VPN (company firewall).once connected and ran cmd: clean install spring-boot:run. Issue is resolved. Step 1: check maven is configured correctly or not. Step 2: check settings.xml is mapped correctly or not. Step 3: verify if you are behind any firewall then map your repo urls accordingly. Step 4:run clean install spring-boot:run step 5: issue is resolved.

Golang append an item to a slice

I think the original answer is not exactly correct. append() changed both the slices and the underlying array even though the underlying array is changed but still shared by both of the slices.

As specified by the Go Doc:

A slice does not store any data, it just describes a section of an underlying array. (Link)

Slices are just wrapper values around arrays, meaning that they contain information about how they slice an underlying array which they use to store a set of data. Therefore, by default, a slice, when passed to another method, is actually passed by value, instead of reference/pointer even though they will still be using the same underlying array. Normally, arrays are also passed by value too, so I assume a slice points at an underlying array instead of store it as a value. Regarding your question, when you run passed your slice to the following function:

func Test(slice []int) {
    slice = append(slice, 100)

you actually passed a copy of your slice along with a pointer to the same underlying array.That means, the changes you did to the slice didn't affect the one in the main function. It is the slice itself which stores the information regarding how much of an array it slices and exposes to the public. Therefore, when you ran append(slice, 1000), while expanding the underlying array, you also changed slicing information of slice too, which was kept private in your Test() function.

However, if you have changed your code as follows, it might have worked:

func main() {
    for i := 0; i < 7; i++ {
        a[i] = i


The reason is that you expanded a by saying a[:cap(a)] over its changed underlying array, changed by Test() function. As specified here:

You can extend a slice's length by re-slicing it, provided it has sufficient capacity. (Link)

Testing Spring's @RequestBody using Spring MockMVC

Use this one

public static final MediaType APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8 = new MediaType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON.getType(), MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON.getSubtype(), Charset.forName("utf8"));

public void testInsertObject() throws Exception { 
    String url = BASE_URL + "/object";
    ObjectBean anObject = new ObjectBean();
    //... more
    ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
    mapper.configure(SerializationFeature.WRAP_ROOT_VALUE, false);
    ObjectWriter ow = mapper.writer().withDefaultPrettyPrinter();
    String requestJson=ow.writeValueAsString(anObject );


As described in the comments, this works because the object is converted to json and passed as the request body. Additionally, the contentType is defined as Json (APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8).

More info on the HTTP request body structure

Task continuation on UI thread

If you have a return value you need to send to the UI you can use the generic version like this:

This is being called from an MVVM ViewModel in my case.

var updateManifest = Task<ShippingManifest>.Run(() =>
        Thread.Sleep(5000);  // prove it's really working!

        // GenerateManifest calls service and returns 'ShippingManifest' object 
        return GenerateManifest();  

    .ContinueWith(manifest =>
        // MVVM property
        this.ShippingManifest = manifest.Result;

        // or if you are not using MVVM...
        // txtShippingManifest.Text = manifest.Result.ToString();    

        System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("UI manifest updated - " + DateTime.Now);

    }, TaskScheduler.FromCurrentSynchronizationContext());

How can I add a .npmrc file?

In MacOS Catalina 10.15.5 the .npmrc file path can be found at


Open in it in (for first time users, create a new file) any editor and copy-paste your token. Save it.

You are ready to go.

Note: As mentioned by @oligofren, the command npm config ls -l will npm configurations. You will get the .npmrc file from config parameter userconfig

CSS technique for a horizontal line with words in the middle

I am not too sure, but you could try using a horizontal rule and pushing the text above its top margin. You will need a fixed width on your paragraph tag and a background too. It's a little hacky and I don't know if it will work on all browsers, and you need to set the negative margin based on the size of the font. Works on chrome though.

 p{ margin-top:-20px; background:#fff; width:20px;}


Server.UrlEncode vs. HttpUtility.UrlEncode

Keep in mind that you probably shouldn't be using either one of those methods. Microsoft's Anti-Cross Site Scripting Library includes replacements for HttpUtility.UrlEncode and HttpUtility.HtmlEncode that are both more standards-compliant, and more secure. As a bonus, you get a JavaScriptEncode method as well.

How to get current date in jquery?

this object set zero, when element has only one symbol:

function addZero(i) {
    if (i < 10) {
        i = "0" + i;
    return i;

This object set actual full time, hour and date:

function getActualFullDate() {
    var d = new Date();
    var day = addZero(d.getDate());
    var month = addZero(d.getMonth()+1);
    var year = addZero(d.getFullYear());
    var h = addZero(d.getHours());
    var m = addZero(d.getMinutes());
    var s = addZero(d.getSeconds());
    return day + ". " + month + ". " + year + " (" + h + ":" + m + ")";

function getActualHour() {
    var d = new Date();
    var h = addZero(d.getHours());
    var m = addZero(d.getMinutes());
    var s = addZero(d.getSeconds());
    return h + ":" + m + ":" + s;

function getActualDate() {
    var d = new Date();
    var day = addZero(d.getDate());
    var month = addZero(d.getMonth()+1);
    var year = addZero(d.getFullYear());
    return day + ". " + month + ". " + year;


<span id='full'>a</span>
<span id='hour'>b</span>
<span id='date'>c</span>




How can I generate random number in specific range in Android?

Random r = new Random();
int i1 = r.nextInt(80 - 65) + 65;

This gives a random integer between 65 (inclusive) and 80 (exclusive), one of 65,66,...,78,79.

How do I install a pip package globally instead of locally?

Are you using virtualenv? If yes, deactivate the virtualenv. If you are not using, it is already installed widely (system level). Try to upgrade package.

pip install flake8 --upgrade

SQL Query to search schema of all tables

  select object_name(c.object_id) as table_name
    , schema_name(t.schema_id) as schema_name
    from sys.columns c
    join sys.tables t on c.object_id = t.object_id

It gets a little more complicated if you want alsoother table properties, but you'll refer to the object catalog views like sys.tables, sys.columns etc.

How do I change selected value of select2 dropdown with JqGrid?

For V4 Select2 if you want to change both the value of the select2 and the text representation of the drop down.

var intValueOfFruit = 1;
var selectOption = new Option("Fruit", intValueOfFruit, true, true);

This will set not only the value behind the scenes but also the text display for the select2.

Pulled from

Disable PHP in directory (including all sub-directories) with .htaccess

None of those answers are working for me (either generating a 500 error or doing nothing). That is probably due to the fact that I'm working on a hosted server where I can't have access to Apache configuration.

But this worked for me :

RewriteRule ^.*\.php$ - [F,L]

This line will generate a 403 Forbidden error for any URL that ends with .php and ends up in this subdirectory.

@Oussama lead me to the right direction here, thanks to him.

contenteditable change events

Based on @balupton's answer:

$(document).on('focus', '[contenteditable]', e => {_x000D_
 const self = $('before', self.html())_x000D_
$(document).on('blur', '[contenteditable]', e => {_x000D_
 const self = $(
 if ('before') !== self.html()) {_x000D_
<script src=""></script>

hardcoded string "row three", should use @string resource

You must create them under strings.xml

<string name="close">Close</string>    

You must replace and reference like this


Do not use @strings even though the XML file says strings.xml or else it will not work.

WAMP error: Forbidden You don't have permission to access /phpmyadmin/ on this server

Everyting I have tried. Finally I understood it was problem with the port change. So given proper port in httpd-vhosts.conf If anybody going though same problem, will be helpful.

<VirtualHost *:9999>
    ServerName localhost
    DocumentRoot c:/wamp64/www
    <Directory  "c:/wamp64/www/">
        Options +Indexes +Includes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
        AllowOverride All 
        require all granted

How to file split at a line number


# set first K lines:

# line count (N): 
N=$(wc -l < $file_name)

# length of the bottom file:
L=$(( $N - $K ))

# create the top of file: 
head -n $K $file_name > top_$file_name

# create bottom of file: 
tail -n $L $file_name > bottom_$file_name

Also, on second thought, split will work in your case, since the first split is larger than the second. Split puts the balance of the input into the last split, so

split -l 300000 file_name

will output xaa with 300k lines and xab with 100k lines, for an input with 400k lines.

Convert textbox text to integer


int x = Convert.ToInt32(this.txtboxname.Text) + 1 //You dont need the "this"
txtboxname.Text = x.ToString();

The x.ToString() makes the integer into string to show that in the text box.


  1. You put number in the text box.
  2. You click on the button or something running the function.
  3. You see your number just bigger than your number by one in your text box.


How to crop an image using C#?

I was looking for a easy and FAST function with no additional libary to do the job. I tried Nicks solution, but i needed 29,4 sec to "extract" 1195 images of an atlas file. So later i managed this way and needed 2,43 sec to do the same job. Maybe this will be helpful.

// content of the Texture class
public class Texture
    //name of the texture
    public string name { get; set; }
    //x position of the texture in the atlas image
    public int x { get; set; }
    //y position of the texture in the atlas image
    public int y { get; set; }
    //width of the texture in the atlas image
    public int width { get; set; }
    //height of the texture in the atlas image
    public int height { get; set; }

Bitmap atlasImage = new Bitmap(@"C:\somepicture.png");
PixelFormat pixelFormat = atlasImage.PixelFormat;

foreach (Texture t in textureList)
           CroppedImage = new Bitmap(t.width, t.height, pixelFormat);
           // copy pixels over to avoid antialiasing or any other side effects of drawing
           // the subimages to the output image using Graphics
           for (int x = 0; x < t.width; x++)
               for (int y = 0; y < t.height; y++)
                   CroppedImage.SetPixel(x, y, atlasImage.GetPixel(t.x + x, t.y + y));
           CroppedImage.Save(Path.Combine(workingFolder, + ".png"), ImageFormat.Png);
     catch (Exception ex)
          // handle the exception

How to create a Rectangle object in Java using g.fillRect method

You may try like this:

import java.applet.Applet;
import java.awt.*;

public class Rect1 extends Applet {

  public void paint (Graphics g) {
    g.drawRect (x, y, width, height);    //can use either of the two//
    g.fillRect (x, y, width, height);


where x is x co-ordinate y is y cordinate color=the color you want to use eg

if you want to use rectangle object you could do it like this:

import java.applet.Applet;
import java.awt.*;

public class Rect1 extends Applet {

  public void paint (Graphics g) {    
    Rectangle r = new Rectangle(arg,arg1,arg2,arg3);
    g.fillRect(r.getX(), r.getY(), r.getWidth(), r.getHeight());

How to delete all files from a specific folder?

System.IO.DirectoryInfo myDirInfo = new DirectoryInfo(myDirPath);

foreach (FileInfo file in myDirInfo.GetFiles())
foreach (DirectoryInfo dir in myDirInfo.GetDirectories())

How do I share variables between different .c files?

if the variable is :

int foo;

in the 2nd C file you declare:

extern int foo;

HTTP GET request in JavaScript?

I'm not familiar with Mac OS Dashcode Widgets, but if they let you use JavaScript libraries and support XMLHttpRequests, I'd use jQuery and do something like this:

var page_content;
$.get( "somepage.php", function(data){
    page_content = data;

How to access first element of JSON object array?

To answer your titular question, you use [0] to access the first element, but as it stands mandrill_events contains a string not an array, so mandrill_events[0] will just get you the first character, '['.

So either correct your source to:

var req = { mandrill_events: [{"event":"inbound","ts":1426249238}] };

and then req.mandrill_events[0], or if you're stuck with it being a string, parse the JSON the string contains:

var req = { mandrill_events: '[{"event":"inbound","ts":1426249238}]' };
var mandrill_events = JSON.parse(req.mandrill_events);
var result = mandrill_events[0];

shell-script headers (#!/bin/sh vs #!/bin/csh)

This defines what shell (command interpreter) you are using for interpreting/running your script. Each shell is slightly different in the way it interacts with the user and executes scripts (programs).

When you type in a command at the Unix prompt, you are interacting with the shell.

E.g., #!/bin/csh refers to the C-shell, /bin/tcsh the t-shell, /bin/bash the bash shell, etc.

You can tell which interactive shell you are using the

 echo $SHELL

command, or alternatively

 env | grep -i shell

You can change your command shell with the chsh command.

Each has a slightly different command set and way of assigning variables and its own set of programming constructs. For instance the if-else statement with bash looks different that the one in the C-shell.

This page might be of interest as it "translates" between bash and tcsh commands/syntax.

Using the directive in the shell script allows you to run programs using a different shell. For instance I use the tcsh shell interactively, but often run bash scripts using /bin/bash in the script file.


This concept extends to other scripts too. For instance if you program in Python you'd put


at the top of your Python program

Android Gradle Could not reserve enough space for object heap

I tried several solutions, nothing seemed to work. Setting my system JDK to match Android Studio's solved the problem.

Ensure your system java

java -version

Is the same as Androids

File > Project Structure > JDK Location

Android: how to convert whole ImageView to Bitmap?

Just thinking out loud here (with admittedly little expertise working with graphics in Java) maybe something like this would work?:

ImageView iv = (ImageView)findViewById(;
Bitmap bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(iv.getWidth(), iv.getHeight(), Bitmap.Config.RGB_565);
Canvas canvas = new Canvas(bitmap);

Out of curiosity, what are you trying to accomplish? There may be a better way to achieve your goal than what you have in mind.

How do I find out what all symbols are exported from a shared object?

Usually, you would also have a header file that you include in your code to access the symbols.

Remove git mapping in Visual Studio 2015

I spent some time to remove the git integration from my visual studio 2015 project. any time i remove git from visual studio, and add TFS by following this -- Tools -> option -> sourceControl -> plugin selection -> Visual Studio Team foundation server, it used to come back.

My solution was -

making the physical location of my project- Show all hidden files. you can do this by show hidden files and folder option of windows. then i realize, there was a hidden folder called .git something. I kept a full back up of my project folder and also the git folder any other back up that necessary (I kept this back up incase my project breaks, so that i can go back to previous condition).

then i have deleted the hidden .git folder and any other .git related files.

then i try to Tools -> option -> sourceControl -> plugin selection -> Visual Studio Team foundation server. then i open the project by visual studio- File -> open -> project/solution..

after that i noiticed in solution explorer , right clicking the solution namei see "Source control" option , and also in project - right click i see "Add soution to source control".. and this time it didn't add solution to git..

also it is good to remove any git connection from your source control exploerer..if there is any..

so the main thing is that make sure there is no hidden git file in your project file and any other git extension.. hope this will be helpful to someone..

How to override trait function and call it from the overridden function?

An alternative approach if interested - with an extra intermediate class to use the normal OOO way. This simplifies the usage with parent::methodname

trait A {
    function calc($v) {
        return $v+1;

// an intermediate class that just uses the trait
class IntClass {
    use A;

// an extended class from IntClass
class MyClass extends IntClass {
    function calc($v) {
        return parent::calc($v);

subquery in FROM must have an alias

add an ALIAS on the subquery,

SELECT  COUNT(made_only_recharge) AS made_only_recharge
        SELECT DISTINCT (identifiant) AS made_only_recharge
        FROM cdr_data
        WHERE CALLEDNUMBER = '0130'
        SELECT DISTINCT (identifiant) AS made_only_recharge
        FROM cdr_data
        WHERE CALLEDNUMBER != '0130'
    ) AS derivedTable                           -- <<== HERE

The system cannot find the file specified in java

In your IDE right click on the file you want to read and choose "copy path" then paste it into your code.

Note that windows hides the file extension so if you create a text file "myfile.txt" it might be actually saved as "myfile.txt.txt"

Inline comments for Bash?

For disabling a part of a command like a && b, I simply created an empty script x which is on path, so I can do things like:

mvn install && runProject

when I need to build, and

x mvn install && runProject

when not (using Ctrl + A and Ctrl + E to move to the beginning and end).

As noted in comments, another way to do that is Bash built-in : instead of x:

$  : Hello world, how are you? && echo "Fine."

Should CSS always preceed Javascript?

Were your tests performed on your personal computer, or on a web server? It is a blank page, or is it a complex online system with images, databases, etc.? Are your scripts performing a simple hover event action, or are they a core component to how your website renders and interacts with the user? There are several things to consider here, and the relevance of these recommendations almost always become rules when you venture into high-caliber web development.

The purpose of the "put stylesheets at the top and scripts at the bottom" rule is that, in general, it's the best way to achieve optimal progressive rendering, which is critical to the user experience.

All else aside: assuming your test is valid, and you really are producing results contrary to the popular rules, it'd come as no surprise, really. Every website (and everything it takes to make the whole thing appear on a user's screen) is different and the Internet is constantly evolving.

error: invalid initialization of non-const reference of type ‘int&’ from an rvalue of type ‘int’

int &z = 12;

On the right hand side, a temporary object of type int is created from the integral literal 12, but the temporary cannot be bound to non-const reference. Hence the error. It is same as:

int &z = int(12); //still same error

Why a temporary gets created? Because a reference has to refer to an object in the memory, and for an object to exist, it has to be created first. Since the object is unnamed, it is a temporary object. It has no name. From this explanation, it became pretty much clear why the second case is fine.

A temporary object can be bound to const reference, which means, you can do this:

const int &z = 12; //ok

C++11 and Rvalue Reference:

For the sake of the completeness, I would like to add that C++11 has introduced rvalue-reference, which can bind to temporary object. So in C++11, you can write this:

int && z = 12; //C+11 only 

Note that there is && intead of &. Also note that const is not needed anymore, even though the object which z binds to is a temporary object created out of integral-literal 12.

Since C++11 has introduced rvalue-reference, int& is now henceforth called lvalue-reference.

The operation couldn’t be completed. (com.facebook.sdk error 2.) ios6

I had the same issue and took a whole day to figure out the problem. This error message by Facebook SDK is very vague. I had this problem due to openURL: method being overwritten in MyApplication. I removed the overwritten method and facebook login worked fine.

Adb Devices can't find my phone

Try doing this:

  • Unplug the device
  • Execute adb kill-server && adb start-server(that restarts adb)
  • Re-plug the device

Also you can try to edit an adb config file .android/adb_usb.ini and add a line 04e8 after the header. Restart adb required for changes to take effect.

How to set a cron job to run every 3 hours

Change Minute parameter to 0.

You can set the cron for every three hours as:

0 */3 * * * your command here ..

How to know Laravel version and where is it defined?

Step 1:

go to: /vendor/laravel/framework/src.Illuminate/Foundation:

go to: <code>/vendor/laravel/framework/src.Illuminate/Foundation</code>

Step 2:

Open application.php file

Open application.php file

Step 3:

Search for "version". The below indicates the version.

Open application.php file

Adding a Time to a DateTime in C#

You can use the DateTime.Add() method to add the time to the date.

DateTime date = DateTime.Now;
TimeSpan time = new TimeSpan(36, 0, 0, 0);
DateTime combined = date.Add(time);
Console.WriteLine("{0:dddd}", combined);

You can also create your timespan by parsing a String, if that is what you need to do.

Alternatively, you could look at using other controls. You didn't mention if you are using winforms, wpf or, but there are various date and time picker controls that support selection of both date and time.

Currency formatting in Python

Inspired by the code above :D

def money_format(value):
    value = str(value).split('.')
    money = ''
    count = 1

    for digit in value[0][::-1]:
        if count != 3:
            money += digit
            count += 1
            money += f'{digit},'
            count = 1

    if len(value) == 1:
        money = ('$' + money[::-1]).replace('$-','-$')
        money = ('$' + money[::-1] + '.' + value[1]).replace('$-','-$')

    return money

How can I define a composite primary key in SQL?

CREATE TABLE `voting` (
  `QuestionID` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
  `MemberId` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
  `vote` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`QuestionID`,`MemberId`)

Difference between .on('click') vs .click()

$('.UPDATE').click(function(){ }); **V/S**    
$(document).on('click','.UPDATE',function(){ });

$(document).on('click','.UPDATE',function(){ });
  1. it is more effective then $('.UPDATE').click(function(){ });
  2. it can use less memory and work for dynamically added elements.
  3. some time dynamic fetched data with edit and delete button not generate JQuery event at time of EDIT OR DELETE DATA of row data in form, that time $(document).on('click','.UPDATE',function(){ }); is effectively work like same fetched data by using jquery. button not working at time of update or delete:

enter image description here

ruby LoadError: cannot load such file

For security & other reasons, ruby does not by default include the current directory in the load_path. You may want to check this for more details - Why does Ruby 1.9.2 remove "." from LOAD_PATH, and what's the alternative?

How to present a simple alert message in java?

I'll be the first to admit Java can be very verbose, but I don't think this is unreasonable:

JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "My Goodness, this is so concise");

If you statically import javax.swing.JOptionPane.showMessageDialog using:

import static javax.swing.JOptionPane.showMessageDialog;

This further reduces to

showMessageDialog(null, "This is even shorter");

div inside php echo

Try this,

<?php  if ( ($cart->count_product) > 0) { ?>
         <div class="my_class"><?php print $cart->count_product; ?></div>
<?php } else { 
          print ''; 
}  ?>

Read input from a JOptionPane.showInputDialog box

Your problem is that, if the user clicks cancel, operationType is null and thus throws a NullPointerException. I would suggest that you move

if (operationType.equalsIgnoreCase("Q")) 

to the beginning of the group of if statements, and then change it to


This will make the program exit just as if the user had selected the quit option when the cancel button is pushed.

Then, change all the rest of the ifs to else ifs. This way, once the program sees whether or not the input is null, it doesn't try to call anything else on operationType. This has the added benefit of making it more efficient - once the program sees that the input is one of the options, it won't bother checking it against the rest of them.

CURRENT_TIMESTAMP in milliseconds

In Mysql 5.7+ you can execute

select current_timestamp(6)

for more details

Center/Set Zoom of Map to cover all visible Markers?

To extend the given answer with few useful tricks:

var markers = //some array;
var bounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds();
for(i=0;i<markers.length;i++) {

//center the map to a specific spot (city)

//center the map to the geometric center of all markers


//remove one zoom level to ensure no marker is on the edge.

// set a minimum zoom 
// if you got only 1 marker or all markers are on the same address map will be zoomed too much.
if(map.getZoom()> 15){

//Alternatively this code can be used to set the zoom for just 1 marker and to skip redrawing.
//Note that this will not cover the case if you have 2 markers on the same address.
if(count(markers) == 1){

Further research in the topic show that fitBounds() is a asynchronic and it is best to make Zoom manipulation with a listener defined before calling Fit Bounds.
Thanks @Tim, @xr280xr, more examples on the topic : SO:setzoom-after-fitbounds

google.maps.event.addListenerOnce(map, 'bounds_changed', function(event) {

  if (this.getZoom() > 15) {

Proper use of 'yield return'

The two pieces of code are really doing two different things. The first version will pull members as you need them. The second version will load all the results into memory before you start to do anything with it.

There's no right or wrong answer to this one. Which one is preferable just depends on the situation. For example, if there's a limit of time that you have to complete your query and you need to do something semi-complicated with the results, the second version could be preferable. But beware large resultsets, especially if you're running this code in 32-bit mode. I've been bitten by OutOfMemory exceptions several times when doing this method.

The key thing to keep in mind is this though: the differences are in efficiency. Thus, you should probably go with whichever one makes your code simpler and change it only after profiling.

How to show soft-keyboard when edittext is focused

just add android:windowSoftInputMode="stateHidden" in manifest file...

Postgresql: password authentication failed for user "postgres"

I hope this will help you short of time. You can change the password of postgres sql by using bellow command.


sudo -u postgres psql

And next you can update the password


Alter user postgres password 'YOUR_NEW_PASSWORD';

Get file name from URI string in C#

Uri.IsFile doesn't work with http urls. It only works for "file://". From MSDN : "The IsFile property is true when the Scheme property equals UriSchemeFile." So you can't depend on that.

Uri uri = new Uri(hreflink);
string filename = System.IO.Path.GetFileName(uri.LocalPath);

Negate if condition in bash script


if ! wget -q --spider --tries=10 --timeout=20
  echo 'Sorry you are Offline'
  exit 1

ValueError when checking if variable is None or numpy.array

To stick to == without consideration of the other type, the following is also possible.
type(a) == type(None)