[sql] Convert HashBytes to VarChar

I want to get the MD5 Hash of a string value in SQL Server 2005. I do this with the following command:

SELECT HashBytes('MD5', 'HelloWorld')

However, this returns a VarBinary instead of a VarChar value. If I attempt to convert 0x68E109F0F40CA72A15E05CC22786F8E6 into a VarChar I get há ðô§*à\Â'†øæ instead of 68E109F0F40CA72A15E05CC22786F8E6.

Is there any SQL-based solution?

Yes

This question is related to sql sql-server

The answer is


convert(varchar(34), HASHBYTES('MD5','Hello World'),1)

(1 for converting hexadecimal to string)

convert this to lower and remove 0x from the start of the string by substring:

substring(lower(convert(varchar(34), HASHBYTES('MD5','Hello World'),1)),3,32)

exactly the same as what we get in C# after converting bytes to string


Use master.dbo.fn_varbintohexsubstring(0, HashBytes('SHA1', @input), 1, 0) instead of master.dbo.fn_varbintohexstr and then substringing the result.

In fact fn_varbintohexstr calls fn_varbintohexsubstring internally. The first argument of fn_varbintohexsubstring tells it to add 0xF as the prefix or not. fn_varbintohexstr calls fn_varbintohexsubstring with 1 as the first argument internaly.

Because you don't need 0xF, call fn_varbintohexsubstring directly.


Contrary to what David Knight says, these two alternatives return the same response in MS SQL 2008:

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(32),HashBytes('MD5', 'Hello World'),2)
SELECT UPPER(master.dbo.fn_varbintohexsubstring(0, HashBytes('MD5', 'Hello World'), 1, 0))

So it looks like the first one is a better choice, starting from version 2008.


With personal experience of using the following code within a Stored Procedure which Hashed a SP Variable I can confirm, although undocumented, this combination works 100% as per my example:

@var=SUBSTRING(master.dbo.fn_varbintohexstr(HashBytes('SHA2_512', @SPvar)), 3, 128)

Changing the datatype to varbinary seems to work the best for me.


SELECT CONVERT(NVARCHAR(32),HashBytes('MD5', 'Hello World'),2)