[javascript] How to autosize a textarea using Prototype?

I'm currently working on an internal sales application for the company I work for, and I've got a form that allows the user to change the delivery address.

Now I think it would look much nicer, if the textarea I'm using for the main address details would just take up the area of the text in it, and automatically resize if the text was changed.

Here's a screenshot of it currently.

ISO Address

Any ideas?


@Chris

A good point, but there are reasons I want it to resize. I want the area it takes up to be the area of the information contained in it. As you can see in the screen shot, if I have a fixed textarea, it takes up a fair wack of vertical space.

I can reduce the font, but I need address to be large and readable. Now I can reduce the size of the text area, but then I have problems with people who have an address line that takes 3 or 4 (one takes 5) lines. Needing to have the user use a scrollbar is a major no-no.

I guess I should be a bit more specific. I'm after vertical resizing, and the width doesn't matter as much. The only problem that happens with that, is the ISO number (the large "1") gets pushed under the address when the window width is too small (as you can see on the screenshot).

It's not about having a gimick; it's about having a text field the user can edit that won't take up unnecessary space, but will show all the text in it.

Though if someone comes up with another way to approach the problem I'm open to that too.


I've modified the code a little because it was acting a little odd. I changed it to activate on keyup, because it wouldn't take into consideration the character that was just typed.

resizeIt = function() {
  var str = $('iso_address').value;
  var cols = $('iso_address').cols;
  var linecount = 0;

  $A(str.split("\n")).each(function(l) {
    linecount += 1 + Math.floor(l.length / cols); // Take into account long lines
  })

  $('iso_address').rows = linecount;
};

This question is related to javascript html css textarea prototypejs

The answer is


Check the below link: http://james.padolsey.com/javascript/jquery-plugin-autoresize/

$(document).ready(function () {
    $('.ExpandableTextCSS').autoResize({
        // On resize:
        onResize: function () {
            $(this).css({ opacity: 0.8 });
        },
        // After resize:
        animateCallback: function () {
            $(this).css({ opacity: 1 });
        },
        // Quite slow animation:
        animateDuration: 300,
        // More extra space:
        extraSpace:20,
        //Textarea height limit
        limit:10
    });
});

Here is a solution with JQuery:

$(document).ready(function() {
    var $abc = $("#abc");
    $abc.css("height", $abc.attr("scrollHeight"));
})

abc is a teaxtarea.


Just revisiting this, I've made it a little bit tidier (though someone who is full bottle on Prototype/JavaScript could suggest improvements?).

var TextAreaResize = Class.create();
TextAreaResize.prototype = {
  initialize: function(element, options) {
    element = $(element);
    this.element = element;

    this.options = Object.extend(
      {},
      options || {});

    Event.observe(this.element, 'keyup',
      this.onKeyUp.bindAsEventListener(this));
    this.onKeyUp();
  },

  onKeyUp: function() {
    // We need this variable because "this" changes in the scope of the
    // function below.
    var cols = this.element.cols;

    var linecount = 0;
    $A(this.element.value.split("\n")).each(function(l) {
      // We take long lines into account via the cols divide.
      linecount += 1 + Math.floor(l.length / cols);
    })

    this.element.rows = linecount;
  }
}

Just it call with:

new TextAreaResize('textarea_id_name_here');

I've made something quite easy. First I put the TextArea into a DIV. Second, I've called on the ready function to this script.

<div id="divTable">
  <textarea ID="txt" Rows="1" TextMode="MultiLine" />
</div>

$(document).ready(function () {
  var heightTextArea = $('#txt').height();
  var divTable = document.getElementById('divTable');
  $('#txt').attr('rows', parseInt(parseInt(divTable .style.height) / parseInt(altoFila)));
});

Simple. It is the maximum height of the div once it is rendered, divided by the height of one TextArea of one row.


Here's another technique for autosizing a textarea.

  • Uses pixel height instead of line height: more accurate handling of line wrap if a proportional font is used.
  • Accepts either ID or element as input
  • Accepts an optional maximum height parameter - useful if you'd rather not let the text area grow beyond a certain size (keep it all on-screen, avoid breaking layout, etc.)
  • Tested on Firefox 3 and Internet Explorer 6

Code: (plain vanilla JavaScript)

function FitToContent(id, maxHeight)
{
   var text = id && id.style ? id : document.getElementById(id);
   if (!text)
      return;

   /* Accounts for rows being deleted, pixel value may need adjusting */
   if (text.clientHeight == text.scrollHeight) {
      text.style.height = "30px";
   }

   var adjustedHeight = text.clientHeight;
   if (!maxHeight || maxHeight > adjustedHeight)
   {
      adjustedHeight = Math.max(text.scrollHeight, adjustedHeight);
      if (maxHeight)
         adjustedHeight = Math.min(maxHeight, adjustedHeight);
      if (adjustedHeight > text.clientHeight)
         text.style.height = adjustedHeight + "px";
   }
}

Demo: (uses jQuery, targets on the textarea I'm typing into right now - if you have Firebug installed, paste both samples into the console and test on this page)

$("#post-text").keyup(function()
{
   FitToContent(this, document.documentElement.clientHeight)
});

@memical had an awesome solution for setting the height of the textarea on pageload with jQuery, but for my application I wanted to be able to increase the height of the textarea as the user added more content. I built off memical's solution with the following:

$(document).ready(function() {
    var $textarea = $("p.body textarea");
    $textarea.css("height", ($textarea.attr("scrollHeight") + 20));
    $textarea.keyup(function(){
        var current_height = $textarea.css("height").replace("px", "")*1;
        if (current_height + 5 <= $textarea.attr("scrollHeight")) {
            $textarea.css("height", ($textarea.attr("scrollHeight") + 20));
        }
    });
});

It's not very smooth but it's also not a client-facing application, so smoothness doesn't really matter. (Had this been client-facing, I probably would have just used an auto-resize jQuery plugin.)


Here's a Prototype version of resizing a text area that is not dependent on the number of columns in the textarea. This is a superior technique because it allows you to control the text area via CSS as well as have variable width textarea. Additionally, this version displays the number of characters remaining. While not requested, it's a pretty useful feature and is easily removed if unwanted.

//inspired by: http://github.com/jaz303/jquery-grab-bag/blob/63d7e445b09698272b2923cb081878fd145b5e3d/javascripts/jquery.autogrow-textarea.js
if (window.Widget == undefined) window.Widget = {}; 

Widget.Textarea = Class.create({
  initialize: function(textarea, options)
  {
    this.textarea = $(textarea);
    this.options = $H({
      'min_height' : 30,
      'max_length' : 400
    }).update(options);

    this.textarea.observe('keyup', this.refresh.bind(this));

    this._shadow = new Element('div').setStyle({
      lineHeight : this.textarea.getStyle('lineHeight'),
      fontSize : this.textarea.getStyle('fontSize'),
      fontFamily : this.textarea.getStyle('fontFamily'),
      position : 'absolute',
      top: '-10000px',
      left: '-10000px',
      width: this.textarea.getWidth() + 'px'
    });
    this.textarea.insert({ after: this._shadow });

    this._remainingCharacters = new Element('p').addClassName('remainingCharacters');
    this.textarea.insert({after: this._remainingCharacters});  
    this.refresh();  
  },

  refresh: function()
  { 
    this._shadow.update($F(this.textarea).replace(/\n/g, '<br/>'));
    this.textarea.setStyle({
      height: Math.max(parseInt(this._shadow.getHeight()) + parseInt(this.textarea.getStyle('lineHeight').replace('px', '')), this.options.get('min_height')) + 'px'
    });

    var remaining = this.options.get('max_length') - $F(this.textarea).length;
    this._remainingCharacters.update(Math.abs(remaining)  + ' characters ' + (remaining > 0 ? 'remaining' : 'over the limit'));
  }
});

Create the widget by calling new Widget.Textarea('element_id'). The default options can be overridden by passing them as an object, e.g. new Widget.Textarea('element_id', { max_length: 600, min_height: 50}). If you want to create it for all textareas on the page, do something like:

Event.observe(window, 'load', function() {
  $$('textarea').each(function(textarea) {
    new Widget.Textarea(textarea);
  });   
});

Here is an extension to the Prototype widget that Jeremy posted on June 4th:

It stops the user from entering more characters if you're using limits in textareas. It checks if there are characters left. If the user copies text into the textarea, the text is cut off at the max. length:

/**
 * Prototype Widget: Textarea
 * Automatically resizes a textarea and displays the number of remaining chars
 * 
 * From: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/7477/autosizing-textarea
 * Inspired by: http://github.com/jaz303/jquery-grab-bag/blob/63d7e445b09698272b2923cb081878fd145b5e3d/javascripts/jquery.autogrow-textarea.js
 */
if (window.Widget == undefined) window.Widget = {}; 

Widget.Textarea = Class.create({
  initialize: function(textarea, options){
    this.textarea = $(textarea);
    this.options = $H({
      'min_height' : 30,
      'max_length' : 400
    }).update(options);

    this.textarea.observe('keyup', this.refresh.bind(this));

    this._shadow = new Element('div').setStyle({
      lineHeight : this.textarea.getStyle('lineHeight'),
      fontSize : this.textarea.getStyle('fontSize'),
      fontFamily : this.textarea.getStyle('fontFamily'),
      position : 'absolute',
      top: '-10000px',
      left: '-10000px',
      width: this.textarea.getWidth() + 'px'
    });
    this.textarea.insert({ after: this._shadow });

    this._remainingCharacters = new Element('p').addClassName('remainingCharacters');
    this.textarea.insert({after: this._remainingCharacters});  
    this.refresh();  
  },

  refresh: function(){ 
    this._shadow.update($F(this.textarea).replace(/\n/g, '<br/>'));
    this.textarea.setStyle({
      height: Math.max(parseInt(this._shadow.getHeight()) + parseInt(this.textarea.getStyle('lineHeight').replace('px', '')), this.options.get('min_height')) + 'px'
    });

    // Keep the text/character count inside the limits:
    if($F(this.textarea).length > this.options.get('max_length')){
      text = $F(this.textarea).substring(0, this.options.get('max_length'));
        this.textarea.value = text;
        return false;
    }

    var remaining = this.options.get('max_length') - $F(this.textarea).length;
    this._remainingCharacters.update(Math.abs(remaining)  + ' characters remaining'));
  }
});

Internet Explorer, Safari, Chrome and Opera users need to remember to explicidly set the line-height value in CSS. I do a stylesheet that sets the initial properites for all text boxes as follows.

<style>
    TEXTAREA { line-height: 14px; font-size: 12px; font-family: arial }
</style>

Using ASP.NET, just simply do this:

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
    <head>
        <title>Automatic Resize TextBox</title>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            function setHeight(txtarea) {
                txtarea.style.height = txtdesc.scrollHeight + "px";
            }
        </script>
    </head>

    <body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">
            <asp:TextBox ID="txtarea" runat= "server" TextMode="MultiLine"  onkeyup="setHeight(this);" onkeydown="setHeight(this);" />
        </form>
    </body>
</html>

I needed this function for myself, but none of the ones from here worked as I needed them.

So I used Orion's code and changed it.

I added in a minimum height, so that on the destruct it does not get too small.

function resizeIt( id, maxHeight, minHeight ) {
    var text = id && id.style ? id : document.getElementById(id);
    var str = text.value;
    var cols = text.cols;
    var linecount = 0;
    var arStr = str.split( "\n" );
    $(arStr).each(function(s) {
        linecount = linecount + 1 + Math.floor(arStr[s].length / cols); // take into account long lines
    });
    linecount++;
    linecount = Math.max(minHeight, linecount);
    linecount = Math.min(maxHeight, linecount);
    text.rows = linecount;
};

Like the answer of @memical.

However I found some improvements. You can use the jQuery height() function. But be aware of padding-top and padding-bottom pixels. Otherwise your textarea will grow too fast.

$(document).ready(function() {
  $textarea = $("#my-textarea");

  // There is some diff between scrollheight and height:
  //    padding-top and padding-bottom
  var diff = $textarea.prop("scrollHeight") - $textarea.height();
  $textarea.live("keyup", function() {
    var height = $textarea.prop("scrollHeight") - diff;
    $textarea.height(height);
  });
});

For those that are coding for IE and encounter this problem. IE has a little trick that makes it 100% CSS.

<TEXTAREA style="overflow: visible;" cols="100" ....></TEXTAREA>

You can even provide a value for rows="n" which IE will ignore, but other browsers will use. I really hate coding that implements IE hacks, but this one is very helpful. It is possible that it only works in Quirks mode.


Here is a function I just wrote in jQuery to do it - you can port it to Prototype, but they don't support the "liveness" of jQuery so elements added by Ajax requests will not respond.

This version not only expands, but it also contracts when delete or backspace is pressed.

This version relies on jQuery 1.4.2.

Enjoy ;)

http://pastebin.com/SUKeBtnx

Usage:

$("#sometextarea").textareacontrol();

or (any jQuery selector for example)

$("textarea").textareacontrol();

It was tested on Internet Explorer 7/Internet Explorer 8, Firefox 3.5, and Chrome. All works fine.


Probably the shortest solution:

jQuery(document).ready(function(){
    jQuery("#textArea").on("keydown keyup", function(){
        this.style.height = "1px";
        this.style.height = (this.scrollHeight) + "px"; 
    });
});

This way you don't need any hidden divs or anything like that.

Note: you might have to play with this.style.height = (this.scrollHeight) + "px"; depending on how you style the textarea (line-height, padding and that kind of stuff).


My solution not using jQuery (because sometimes they don't have to be the same thing) is below. Though it was only tested in Internet Explorer 7, so the community can point out all the reasons this is wrong:

textarea.onkeyup = function () { this.style.height = this.scrollHeight + 'px'; }

So far I really like how it's working, and I don't care about other browsers, so I'll probably apply it to all my textareas:

// Make all textareas auto-resize vertically
var textareas = document.getElementsByTagName('textarea');

for (i = 0; i<textareas.length; i++)
{
    // Retain textarea's starting height as its minimum height
    textareas[i].minHeight = textareas[i].offsetHeight;

    textareas[i].onkeyup = function () {
        this.style.height = Math.max(this.scrollHeight, this.minHeight) + 'px';
    }
    textareas[i].onkeyup(); // Trigger once to set initial height
}

One refinement to some of these answers is to let CSS do more of the work.

The basic route seems to be:

  1. Create a container element to hold the textarea and a hidden div
  2. Using Javascript, keep the textarea’s contents synced with the div’s
  3. Let the browser do the work of calculating the height of that div
  4. Because the browser handles rendering / sizing the hidden div, we avoid explicitly setting the textarea’s height.

_x000D_
_x000D_
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', () => {_x000D_
    textArea.addEventListener('change', autosize, false)_x000D_
    textArea.addEventListener('keydown', autosize, false)_x000D_
    textArea.addEventListener('keyup', autosize, false)_x000D_
    autosize()_x000D_
}, false)_x000D_
_x000D_
function autosize() {_x000D_
    // Copy textarea contents to div browser will calculate correct height_x000D_
    // of copy, which will make overall container taller, which will make_x000D_
    // textarea taller._x000D_
    textCopy.innerHTML = textArea.value.replace(/\n/g, '<br/>')_x000D_
}
_x000D_
html, body, textarea {_x000D_
    font-family: sans-serif;_x000D_
    font-size: 14px;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.textarea-container {_x000D_
    position: relative;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.textarea-container > div, .textarea-container > textarea {_x000D_
    word-wrap: break-word; /* make sure the div and the textarea wrap words in the same way */_x000D_
    box-sizing: border-box;_x000D_
    padding: 2px;_x000D_
    width: 100%;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.textarea-container > textarea {_x000D_
    overflow: hidden;_x000D_
    position: absolute;_x000D_
    height: 100%;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.textarea-container > div {_x000D_
    padding-bottom: 1.5em; /* A bit more than one additional line of text. */ _x000D_
    visibility: hidden;_x000D_
}
_x000D_
<div class="textarea-container">_x000D_
    <textarea id="textArea"></textarea>_x000D_
    <div id="textCopy"></div>_x000D_
</div>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_


Examples related to javascript

need to add a class to an element How to make a variable accessible outside a function? Hide Signs that Meteor.js was Used How to create a showdown.js markdown extension Please help me convert this script to a simple image slider Highlight Anchor Links when user manually scrolls? Summing radio input values How to execute an action before close metro app WinJS javascript, for loop defines a dynamic variable name Getting all files in directory with ajax

Examples related to html

Embed ruby within URL : Middleman Blog Please help me convert this script to a simple image slider Generating a list of pages (not posts) without the index file Why there is this "clear" class before footer? Is it possible to change the content HTML5 alert messages? Getting all files in directory with ajax DevTools failed to load SourceMap: Could not load content for chrome-extension How to set width of mat-table column in angular? How to open a link in new tab using angular? ERROR Error: Uncaught (in promise), Cannot match any routes. URL Segment

Examples related to css

need to add a class to an element Using Lato fonts in my css (@font-face) Please help me convert this script to a simple image slider Why there is this "clear" class before footer? How to set width of mat-table column in angular? Center content vertically on Vuetify bootstrap 4 file input doesn't show the file name Bootstrap 4: responsive sidebar menu to top navbar Stylesheet not loaded because of MIME-type Force flex item to span full row width

Examples related to textarea

Get user input from textarea Set textarea width to 100% in bootstrap modal Remove scrollbars from textarea Add a scrollbar to a <textarea> Remove all stylings (border, glow) from textarea How to clear text area with a button in html using javascript? Get value from text area What character represents a new line in a text area Count textarea characters More than 1 row in <Input type="textarea" />

Examples related to prototypejs

Iterating over every property of an object in javascript using Prototype? Creating a new DOM element from an HTML string using built-in DOM methods or Prototype Testing the type of a DOM element in JavaScript How to show loading spinner in jQuery? How to autosize a textarea using Prototype?