Programs & Examples On #Google search appliance

Google Search - customized and secured in an appliance for use behind an organisation's firewall.

How to detect chrome and safari browser (webkit)

I am trying to detect the chrome and safari browser using jquery or javascript.

Use jQuery.browser

I thought we are not supposed to use jQuery.browser.

That's because detecting browsers is a bad idea. It is still the best way to detect the browser (when jQuery is involved) if you really intend to do that.

Is False == 0 and True == 1 an implementation detail or is it guaranteed by the language?

Link to the PEP discussing the new bool type in Python 2.3:

When converting a bool to an int, the integer value is always 0 or 1, but when converting an int to a bool, the boolean value is True for all integers except 0.

>>> int(False)
>>> int(True)
>>> bool(5)
>>> bool(-5)
>>> bool(0)

sprintf like functionality in Python

If you want something like the python3 print function but to a string:

def sprint(*args, **kwargs):
    sio = io.StringIO()
    print(*args, **kwargs, file=sio)
    return sio.getvalue()
>>> x = sprint('abc', 10, ['one', 'two'], {'a': 1, 'b': 2}, {1, 2, 3})
>>> x
"abc 10 ['one', 'two'] {'a': 1, 'b': 2} {1, 2, 3}\n"

or without the '\n' at the end:

def sprint(*args, end='', **kwargs):
    sio = io.StringIO()
    print(*args, **kwargs, end=end, file=sio)
    return sio.getvalue()
>>> x = sprint('abc', 10, ['one', 'two'], {'a': 1, 'b': 2}, {1, 2, 3})
>>> x
"abc 10 ['one', 'two'] {'a': 1, 'b': 2} {1, 2, 3}"

Subtracting time.Duration from time in Go

Try AddDate:

package main

import (

func main() {
    now := time.Now()

    fmt.Println("now:", now)

    then := now.AddDate(0, -1, 0)

    fmt.Println("then:", then)


now: 2009-11-10 23:00:00 +0000 UTC
then: 2009-10-10 23:00:00 +0000 UTC


Python regex findall

you can replace your pattern with

regex = ur"\[P\]([\w\s]+)\[\/P\]"

Jquery Ajax Posting json to webservice

I have query,

$("#login-button").click(function(e){ alert("hiii");

        var username = $("#username-field").val();
        var password = $("#username-field").val();

        alert("password" + password);

        var markers = { "userName" : "admin","password" : "admin123"};
            type: "POST",
            url: url,
            // The key needs to match your method's input parameter (case-sensitive).
            data: JSON.stringify(markers),
            contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
            dataType: "json",
            success: function(data){alert("got the data"+data);},
            failure: function(errMsg) {


I'm posting the the login details in json and getting a string as "Success",but I'm not getting the response.

How to send parameters with jquery $.get()

Try this:

    type: 'get',
    url: '',
    data: 'option=1',
    success: function(data) {

        availableProductNames = data.split(",");



Also You have a few errors in your sample code, not sure if that was causing the error or it was just a typo upon entering the question.

cURL error 60: SSL certificate: unable to get local issuer certificate

Be sure that you open the php.ini file directly by your Window Explorer. (in my case: C:\DevPrograms\wamp64\bin\php\php5.6.25).

Don't use the shortcut to php.ini in the Wamp/Xamp icon's menu in the System Tray. This shortcut doesn't work in this case.

Then edit that php.ini :

curl.cainfo ="C:/DevPrograms/wamp64/bin/php/cacert.pem" 



After saving php.ini you don't need to "Restart All Services" in Wamp icon or close/re-open CMD.

How to tell PowerShell to wait for each command to end before starting the next?

If you use Start-Process <path to exe> -NoNewWindow -Wait

You can also use the -PassThru option to echo output.

Reading/Writing a MS Word file in PHP

Reading binary Word documents would involve creating a parser according to the published file format specifications for the DOC format. I think this is no real feasible solution.

You could use the Microsoft Office XML formats for reading and writing Word files - this is compatible with the 2003 and 2007 version of Word. For reading you have to ensure that the Word documents are saved in the correct format (it's called Word 2003 XML-Document in Word 2007). For writing you just have to follow the openly available XML schema. I've never used this format for writing out Office documents from PHP, but I'm using it for reading in an Excel worksheet (naturally saved as XML-Spreadsheet 2003) and displaying its data on a web page. As the files are plainly XML data it's no problem to navigate within and figure out how to extract the data you need.

The other option - a Word 2007 only option (if the OpenXML file formats are not installed in your Word 2003) - would be to ressort to OpenXML. As databyss pointed out here the DOCX file format is just a ZIP archive with XML files included. There are a lot of resources on MSDN regarding the OpenXML file format, so you should be able to figure out how to read the data you want. Writing will be much more complicated I think - it just depends on how much time you'll invest.

Perhaps you can have a look at PHPExcel which is a library able to write to Excel 2007 files and read from Excel 2007 files using the OpenXML standard. You could get an idea of the work involved when trying to read and write OpenXML Word documents.

Angular 2 - Checking for server errors from subscribe

You can achieve with following way

        result => {
        error => {
            this.errors = error

if (!this.errors) {
    //route to new page

How can I test a change made to Jenkinsfile locally?

At the moment of writing (end of July 2017) with the Blue Ocean plugin you can check the syntax of a declarative pipeline directly in the visual pipeline editor. The editor, works from the Blue Ocean UI when you click "configure" only for github projects (this is a known issue and they are working to make it work also on git etc).

But, as explained in this question you can open the editor browsing to:

[Jenkins URL]/blue/organizations/jenkins/pipeline-editor/

Then click in the middle of the page, and press Ctrl+S, this will open a textarea where you can paste a pipeline declarative script. When you click on Update, if there is a syntax error, the editor will let you know where the syntax error is. Like in this screenshot:

As a quick test I wrongly typed "stepps" instead of "steps"

If there is no syntax error, the textarea will close and the page will visualize your pipeline. Don't worry it won't save anything (if it's a github project it would commit the Jenkinsfile change).

I'm new to Jenkins and this is quite helpful, without this I had to commit a Jenkinsfile many times, till it works (very annoying!). Hope this helps. Cheers.

My Routes are Returning a 404, How can I Fix Them?

Try enabling short php tags in your php.ini. WAMP has them off usually and laravel needs them on.

document.getElementById('btnid').disabled is not working in firefox and chrome

Some time some javascript functions does not work on some specific browser. I would suggest you to start using JQuery, which gives you normalized JS, taking care of different browser requirement

    this.disabled = false;

Benefits of inline functions in C++?

It is not all about performance. Both C++ and C are used for embedded programming, sitting on top of hardware. If you would, for example, write an interrupt handler, you need to make sure that the code can be executed at once, without additional registers and/or memory pages being being swapped. That is when inline comes in handy. Good compilers do some "inlining" themselves when speed is needed, but "inline" compels them.

Matlab: Running an m-file from command-line

Since none of the answers has information about feeding input argument, it is important to add it here. After some research, I found this link

Feeding the arguments is very similar to how we run a Matlab function.

matlab -r 'try myfunction(argument1,argument2); catch; end; quit'

If you are somehow getting an argument from bash/terminal, you simply need to insert that into the bash command as:

matlab -r 'try myfunction($MY_BASH_ARG,argument2); catch; end; quit'

(This is after a couple of trial and error)

How to get ID of the last updated row in MySQL?

No need for so long Mysql code. In PHP, query should look something like this:

$updateQuery = mysql_query("UPDATE table_name SET row='value' WHERE id='$id'") or die ('Error');
$lastUpdatedId = mysql_insert_id();

How to add display:inline-block in a jQuery show() function?

I did that

function showPanels()  {

works like a charm.

How can I fetch all items from a DynamoDB table without specifying the primary key?

I fetch all items from dynamodb with the following query. It works fine. i create these function generic in zend framework and access these functions over the project.

        public function getQuerydata($tablename, $filterKey, $filterValue){
            return $this->getQuerydataWithOp($tablename, $filterKey, $filterValue, 'EQ');

        public function getQuerydataWithOp($tablename, $filterKey, $filterValue, $compOperator){
        $result = $this->getClientdb()->query(array(
                'TableName'     => $tablename,
                'IndexName'     => $filterKey,
                'Select'        => 'ALL_ATTRIBUTES',
                'KeyConditions' => array(
                    $filterKey => array(
                        'AttributeValueList' => array(
                            array('S' => $filterValue)
                'ComparisonOperator' => $compOperator
            return $result['Items'];

       //Below i Access these functions and get data.
       $accountsimg = $this->getQuerydataWithPrimary('accounts', 'accountID',$msgdata[0]['accountID']['S']);

how to split the ng-repeat data with three columns using bootstrap

this answers the original question which is how to get 1,2,3 in a column. – asked by kuppu Feb 8 '14 at 13:47

angularjs code:

function GetStaffForFloor(floor) {
    var promiseGet = Directory_Service.getAllStaff(floor);
    promiseGet.then(function (pl) {
        $scope.staffList = chunk(, 3); //; //
    function (errorOD) {
        $log.error('Errored while getting staff list.', errorOD);
function chunk(array, columns) {
    var numberOfRows = Math.ceil(array.length / columns);

    //puts 1, 2, 3 into column
    var newRow = []; //array is row-based.
    for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
        var columnData = new Array(columns);
        if (i == numberOfRows) break;
        for (j = 0; j < columns; j++)
            columnData[j] = array[i + numberOfRows * j];
    return newRow;

    ////this works but 1, 2, 3 is in row
    //var newRow = [];
    //for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i += columns) {
    //    newRow.push(array.slice(i, i + columns)); //push effectively does the pivot. array is row-based.
    //return newRow;

View Code (note: using bootstrap 3):

<div class="staffContainer">
    <div class="row" ng-repeat="staff in staffList">
        <div class="col-md-4" ng-repeat="item in staff">{{item.FullName.length > 0 ? item.FullName + ": Rm " + item.RoomNumber : ""}}</div>

JSP : JSTL's <c:out> tag

c:out also has an attribute for assigning a default value if the value of happens to be null.

Source: out (TLDDoc Generated Documentation)

Display Records From MySQL Database using JTable in Java

this is the easy way to do that you just need to download the jar file "rs2xml.jar" add it to your project and do that : 1- creat a connection 2- statment and resultset 3- creat a jtable 4- give the result set to DbUtils.resultSetToTableModel(rs) as define in this methode you well get your jtable so easy.

public void afficherAll(String tableName){
        String sql="select * from "+tableName;
        try {
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
             JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, e);

How to hide columns in HTML table?

Here is the another solution to hide dynamically a column

define class for both th and td of the column to hide

     <th> Column 1 </th>
     <th class="dynamic-hidden-col"> Column 2 </th>
     <th Column 3 </th>
     <td> Value 1 </td>
     <td class="dynamic-hidden-col"> Value 2 </td>
     <td> Value 3 </td>
     <td> row 2 Value 1 </td>
     <td class="dynamic-hidden-col"> row 2 Value 2 </td>
     <td> row 2 Value 3 </td>

Here is the Jquery script for hide column.

$('#hide-col').click(function () {      

This way the table column can be hidden dynamically.

Can I do Model->where('id', ARRAY) multiple where conditions?

If you need by several params:

$ids = [1,2,3,4];
$not_ids = [5,6,7,8];
DB::table('table')->whereIn('id', $ids)
                  ->whereNotIn('id', $not_ids)
                  ->where('status', 1)

How to enable multidexing with the new Android Multidex support library

All answers above are awesome

Also add this otherwise your app will crash like mine without any reason

compileOptions {
    sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
    targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8

Convert char* to string C++

There seems to be a few details left out of your explanation, but I will do my best...

If these are NUL-terminated strings or the memory is pre-zeroed, you can just iterate down the length of the memory segment until you hit a NUL (0) character or the maximum length (whichever comes first). Use the string constructor, passing the buffer and the size determined in the previous step.

string retrieveString( char* buf, int max ) {

    size_t len = 0;
    while( (len < max) && (buf[ len ] != '\0') ) {

    return string( buf, len );


If the above is not the case, I'm not sure how you determine where a string ends.

download csv file from web api in angular js

I used the below solution and it worked for me.

 if (window.navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob) {_x000D_
   var blob = new Blob([decodeURIComponent(encodeURI(], {_x000D_
     type: "text/csv;charset=utf-8;"_x000D_
   navigator.msSaveBlob(blob, 'filename.csv');_x000D_
 } else {_x000D_
   var a = document.createElement('a');_x000D_
   a.href = 'data:attachment/csv;charset=utf-8,' + encodeURI(;_x000D_ = '_blank';_x000D_ = 'filename.csv';_x000D_

Spring cron expression for every day 1:01:am

You can use annotate your method with @Scheduled(cron ="0 1 1 * * ?").

0 - is for seconds

1- 1 minute

1 - hour of the day.

What is the purpose of the "final" keyword in C++11 for functions?

Nothing to add to the semantic aspects of "final".

But I'd like to add to chris green's comment that "final" might become a very important compiler optimization technique in the not so distant future. Not only in the simple case he mentioned, but also for more complex real-world class hierarchies which can be "closed" by "final", thus allowing compilers to generate more efficient dispatching code than with the usual vtable approach.

One key disadvantage of vtables is that for any such virtual object (assuming 64-bits on a typical Intel CPU) the pointer alone eats up 25% (8 of 64 bytes) of a cache line. In the kind of applications I enjoy to write, this hurts very badly. (And from my experience it is the #1 argument against C++ from a purist performance point of view, i.e. by C programmers.)

In applications which require extreme performance, which is not so unusual for C++, this might indeed become awesome, not requiring to workaround this problem manually in C style or weird Template juggling.

This technique is known as Devirtualization. A term worth remembering. :-)

There is a great recent speech by Andrei Alexandrescu which pretty well explains how you can workaround such situations today and how "final" might be part of solving similar cases "automatically" in the future (discussed with listeners):

Git's famous "ERROR: Permission to .git denied to user"

This problem is also caused by:

If you are on a mac/linux, and are using 'ControlMaster' in your ~/.ssh/config, there may be some ssh control master processes running.

To find them, run:

ps aux | grep '\[mux\]'

And kill the relevant ones.

Multiline for WPF TextBox

Enable TextWrapping="Wrap" and AcceptsReturn="True" on your TextBox.

You might also wish to enable AcceptsTab and SpellCheck.IsEnabled too.

How can I force Python's file.write() to use the same newline format in Windows as in Linux ("\r\n" vs. "\n")?

You can still use the textmode and force the linefeed-newline with the keyword argument newline

f = open("./foo",'w',newline='\n')

Tested with Python 3.4.2.

Edit: This does not work in Python 2.7.

Two inline-block, width 50% elements wrap to second line

inline and inline-block elements are affected by whitespace in the HTML.

The simplest way to fix your problem is to remove the whitespace between </div> and <div id="col2">, see:

There are other possible solutions, see: bikeshedding CSS3 property alternative?

How to use store and use session variables across pages?

Starting a Session:

Put below code at the top of file.

<?php session_start();?>

Storing a session variable:

<?php $_SESSION['id']=10; ?>

To Check if data stored in session variable:

<?php if(isset($_SESSION['id']) && !empty(isset($_SESSION['id'])))
echo “Session id “.$_SESSION['id'].” exist”;
echo “Session not set “;?>

?> detail here

How to change port for jenkins window service when 8080 is being used

In linux,

sudo vi /etc/sysconfig/jenkins

set following configuration with any available port


Authenticating in PHP using LDAP through Active Directory

Importing a whole library seems inefficient when all you need is essentially two lines of code...

$ldap = ldap_connect("");
if ($bind = ldap_bind($ldap, $_POST['username'], $_POST['password'])) {
  // log them in!
} else {
  // error message

How to copy JavaScript object to new variable NOT by reference?

I've found that the following works if you're not using jQuery and only interested in cloning simple objects (see comments).



How to calculate the width of a text string of a specific font and font-size?

Not sure how efficient this is, but I wrote this function that returns the point size that will fit a string to a given width:

func fontSizeThatFits(targetWidth: CGFloat, maxFontSize: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat {
    var variableFont = font.withSize(maxFontSize)
    var currentWidth = self.size(withAttributes: [NSAttributedString.Key.font:variableFont]).width

    while currentWidth > targetWidth {
        variableFont = variableFont.withSize(variableFont.pointSize - 1)
        currentWidth = self.size(withAttributes: [NSAttributedString.Key.font:variableFont]).width

    return variableFont.pointSize

And it would be used like this:

textView.font = textView.font!.withSize(textView.text!.fontSizeThatFits(targetWidth: view.frame.width, maxFontSize: 50, font: textView.font!))

Create a zip file and download it

// http headers for zip downloads
header("Pragma: public");
header("Expires: 0");
header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
header("Cache-Control: public");
header("Content-Description: File Transfer");
header("Content-type: application/octet-stream");
header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=\"".$filename."\"");
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary");
header("Content-Length: ".filesize($filepath.$filename));

I found this soludtion here and it work for me

c# replace \" characters

Replace(@"\""", "")

You have to use double-doublequotes to escape double-quotes within a verbatim string.

How to Copy Contents of One Canvas to Another Canvas Locally

@robert-hurst has a cleaner approach.

However, this solution may also be used, in places when you actually want to have a copy of Data Url after copying. For example, when you are building a website that uses lots of image/canvas operations.

    // select canvas elements
    var sourceCanvas = document.getElementById("some-unique-id");
    var destCanvas = document.getElementsByClassName("some-class-selector")[0];

    //copy canvas by DataUrl
    var sourceImageData = sourceCanvas.toDataURL("image/png");
    var destCanvasContext = destCanvas.getContext('2d');

    var destinationImage = new Image;
    destinationImage.onload = function(){
    destinationImage.src = sourceImageData;

how to permit an array with strong parameters

If you want to permit an array of hashes(or an array of objects from the perspective of JSON)

params.permit(:foo, array: [:key1, :key2])

2 points to notice here:

  1. array should be the last argument of the permit method.
  2. you should specify keys of the hash in the array, otherwise you will get an error Unpermitted parameter: array, which is very difficult to debug in this case.

Observable Finally on Subscribe

The only thing which worked for me is this

    (data) => {
       //Called when success
    (error) => {
       //Called when error
  ).add(() => {
       //Called when operation is complete (both success and error)

How to break/exit from a each() function in JQuery?

Return false from the anonymous function:

$(xml).find("strengths").each(function() {
  // Code
  // To escape from this block based on a condition:
  if (something) return false;

From the documentation of the each method:

Returning 'false' from within the each function completely stops the loop through all of the elements (this is like using a 'break' with a normal loop). Returning 'true' from within the loop skips to the next iteration (this is like using a 'continue' with a normal loop).

Loop through columns and add string lengths as new columns

With dplyr and stringr you can use mutate_all:

> df %>% mutate_all(funs(length = str_length(.)))

     col1     col2 col1_length col2_length
1     abc adf qqwe           3           8
2    abcd        d           4           1
3       a        e           1           1
4 abcdefg        f           7           1

Oracle - Insert New Row with Auto Incremental ID

SQL trigger for automatic date generation in oracle table:



ON table_name




SELECT sysdate INTO :NEW.column_name FROM dual;



Using 'sudo apt-get install build-essentials'


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential

(If I recall correctly the package name is without the extra s at the end).

CSS endless rotation animation

Rotation on add class .active {
                -webkit-animation: spin 4s linear infinite;
                -moz-animation: spin 4s linear infinite;
                animation: spin 4s linear infinite;

@-moz-keyframes spin {
       100% {
        -moz-transform: rotate(360deg);
     @-webkit-keyframes spin {
      100% {
         -webkit-transform: rotate(360deg);
     @keyframes spin {
       100% {
         -webkit-transform: rotate(360deg);
         transform: rotate(360deg);

Executing set of SQL queries using batch file?

Save the commands in a .SQL file, ex: ClearTables.sql, say in your C:\temp folder.

Contents of C:\Temp\ClearTables.sql

Delete from TableA;
Delete from TableB;
Delete from TableC;
Delete from TableD;
Delete from TableE;

Then use sqlcmd to execute it as follows. Since you said the database is remote, use the following syntax (after updating for your server and database instance name).

sqlcmd -S <ComputerName>\<InstanceName> -i C:\Temp\ClearTables.sql

For example, if your remote computer name is SQLSVRBOSTON1 and Database instance name is MyDB1, then the command would be.

sqlcmd -E -S SQLSVRBOSTON1\MyDB1 -i C:\Temp\ClearTables.sql

Also note that -E specifies default authentication. If you have a user name and password to connect, use -U and -P switches.

You will execute all this by opening a CMD command window.

Using a Batch File.

If you want to save it in a batch file and double-click to run it, do it as follows.

Create, and save the ClearTables.bat like so.

echo off
sqlcmd -E -S SQLSVRBOSTON1\MyDB1 -i C:\Temp\ClearTables.sql
set /p delExit=Press the ENTER key to exit...:

Then double-click it to run it. It will execute the commands and wait until you press a key to exit, so you can see the command output.

How to retrieve data from sqlite database in android and display it in TextView

TextView tekst = (TextView) findViewById(; 

You cannot cast EditText to TextView.

Create a directory if it does not exist and then create the files in that directory as well

If you create a web based application, the better solution is to check the directory exists or not then create the file if not exist. If exists, recreate again.

    private File createFile(String path, String fileName) throws IOException {
       ClassLoader classLoader = getClass().getClassLoader();
       File file = new File(classLoader.getResource(".").getFile() + path + fileName);

       // Lets create the directory
       try {
       } catch (Exception err){
           System.out.println("ERROR (Directory Create)" + err.getMessage());

       // Lets create the file if we have credential
       try {
       } catch (Exception err){
           System.out.println("ERROR (File Create)" + err.getMessage());
       return  file;

Multiple condition in single IF statement

Yes that is valid syntax but it may well not do what you want.

Execution will continue after your RAISERROR except if you add a RETURN. So you will need to add a block with BEGIN ... END to hold the two statements.

Also I'm not sure why you plumped for severity 15. That usually indicates a syntax error.

Finally I'd simplify the conditions using IN

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[AddApplicationUser] (@TenantId BIGINT,
                                            @UserType TINYINT,
                                            @UserName NVARCHAR(100),
                                            @Password NVARCHAR(100))
      IF ( @TenantId IS NULL
           AND @UserType IN ( 0, 1 ) )
            RAISERROR('The value for @TenantID should not be null',15,1);


Getting Cannot bind argument to parameter 'Path' because it is null error in powershell

  1. PM>Uninstall-Package EntityFramework -Force
  2. PM>Iinstall-Package EntityFramework -Pre -Version 6.0.0

I solve this problem with this code in NugetPackageConsole.and it works.The problem was in the version. i thikn it will help others.

How to stop an unstoppable zombie job on Jenkins without restarting the server?

I had also the same problem and fix it via Jenkins Console.

Go to "Manage Jenkins" > "Script Console" and run a script:

 Jenkins .instance.getItemByFullName("JobName")
        .finish(hudson.model.Result.ABORTED, new"Aborting build")); 

You'll have just specify your JobName and JobNumber.

Python Brute Force algorithm

Try this:

import os
import sys

def start(): input("Enter to start")
def Gen(stellen): if stellen==1: for i in Zeichen: print(i) elif stellen==2: for i in Zeichen:    for r in Zeichen: print(i+r) elif stellen==3: for i in Zeichen: for r in Zeichen: for t in Zeichen:     print(i+r+t) elif stellen==4: for i in Zeichen: for r in Zeichen: for t in Zeichen: for u in Zeichen:    print(i+r+t+u) elif stellen==5: for i in Zeichen: for r in Zeichen: for t in Zeichen: for u in    Zeichen: for o in Zeichen: print(i+r+t+u+o) else: print("done")


How do I output the results of a HiveQL query to CSV?

If you want a CSV file then you can modify Lukas' solutions as follows (assuming you are on a linux box):

hive -e 'select books from table' | sed 's/[[:space:]]\+/,/g' > /home/lvermeer/temp.csv

What is the difference between MVC and MVVM?

Injecting Strongly Typed ViewModels into the View using MVC

  1. The controller is responsible for newing up the ViewModel and injecting it into the View. (for get requests)
  2. The ViewModel is the container for DataContext and view state such as the last selected item etc.
  3. The Model contains DB entities and is very close to the DB Schema it does the queries and filtering. (I like EF and LINQ for this)
  4. The Model should also consider repositories and or projection of results into strong types (EF has a great method... EF.Database.Select(querystring, parms) for direct ADO access to inject queries and get back strong types. This addresses the EF is slow argument. EF is NOT SLOW!
  5. The ViewModel gets the data and does the business rules and validation
  6. The controller on post back will cal the ViewModel Post method and wait for results.
  7. The controller will inject the newly updated Viewmodel to the View. The View uses only strong type binding.
  8. The view merely renders the data, and posts events back to the controller. (see examples below)
  9. MVC intercepts the inbound request and routes it to proper controller with strong data type

In this model there is no more HTTP level contact with the request or response objects as MSFT's MVC machine hides it from us.

In clarification of item 6 above (by request)...

Assume a ViewModel like this:

public class myViewModel{
     public string SelectedValue {get;set;}
public void Post(){
    //due to MVC model binding the SelectedValue string above will be set by MVC model binding on post back.
    //this allows you to do something with it.
    SelectedValue = "Thanks for update!";

The controller method of the post will look like this (See below), note that the instance of mvm is automatically instanciated by the MVC binding mechanisms. You never have to drop down to the query string layer as a result! This is MVC instantiating the ViewModel for you based on the query strings!

public ActionResult MyPostBackMethod (myViewModel mvm){
         if (ModelState.IsValid)
               // Immediately call the only method needed in VM...
      return View(mvm);

Note that in order for this actionmethod above to work as you intend, you must have a null CTOR defined that intializes things not returned in the post. The post back must also post back name/value pairs for those things which changed. If there are missing name/value pairs the MVC binding engine does the proper thing which is simply nothing! If this happens you might find yourself saying "I'm losing data on post backs"...

The advantage of this pattern is the ViewModel does all the "clutter" work interfacing to the Model/Buisness logic, the controller is merely a router of sorts. It is SOC in action.

Get the date of next monday, tuesday, etc

if you want to find Monday then 'dayOfWeek' is 1 if it is Tuesday it will be 2 and so on.

var date=new Date();
getNextDayOfWeek(date, 2);

// this is for finding next tuesday

function getNextDayOfWeek(date, dayOfWeek) {
// Code to check that date and dayOfWeek are valid left as an exercise ;)

var resultDate = new Date(date.getTime());

resultDate.setDate(date.getDate() + (7 + dayOfWeek - date.getDay()) % 7);

return resultDate;

Hope this will be helpfull to you, thank you

How to export private key from a keystore of self-signed certificate

public static void main(String[] args) {

try {
        String keystorePass = "20174";
        String keyPass = "rav@789";
        String alias = "TyaGi!";
        InputStream keystoreStream = new FileInputStream("D:/keyFile.jks");
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance("JCEKS");
        keystore.load(keystoreStream, keystorePass.toCharArray());
        Key key = keystore.getKey(alias, keyPass.toCharArray());

        byte[] bt = key.getEncoded();
        String s = new String(bt);
        String str12 = Base64.encodeBase64String(bt);

        System.out.println("Fetched Key From JKS : " + str12);

    } catch (KeyStoreException | IOException | NoSuchAlgorithmException | CertificateException | UnrecoverableKeyException ex) {


Converting NumPy array into Python List structure?

Use tolist():

import numpy as np
>>> np.array([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]).tolist()
[[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]

Note that this converts the values from whatever numpy type they may have (e.g. np.int32 or np.float32) to the "nearest compatible Python type" (in a list). If you want to preserve the numpy data types, you could call list() on your array instead, and you'll end up with a list of numpy scalars. (Thanks to Mr_and_Mrs_D for pointing that out in a comment.)

how to set start page in webconfig file in c#

I think this will help

    <directoryBrowse enabled="false" />
        <clear />
        <add value="index.aspx" />
        <add value="Default.htm" />
        <add value="Default.asp" />
        <add value="index.htm" />
        <add value="index.html" />
        <add value="iisstart.htm" />
        <add value="default.aspx" />
        <add value="index.php" />

How to get UTC value for SYSDATE on Oracle

You can use

SELECT SYS_EXTRACT_UTC(TIMESTAMP '2000-03-28 11:30:00.00 -02:00') FROM DUAL;

You may also need to change your timezone


Or read it


Select data between a date/time range

Here is a simple way using the date function:

select *
from hockey_stats
where date(game_date) between date('2012-11-03') and date('2012-11-05')
order by game_date desc

Adb Devices can't find my phone

I have a Fascinate as well, and had to change the phone's USB communication mode from MODEM to PDA. Use:

  • enter **USBUI (**87284)

to change both USB and UART to PDA mode. I also had to disconnect and reconnect the USB cable. Once Windows re-recognized the device again, "adb devices" started returning my device.

BTW if you use CDMA workshop or the equivalent, you will need to switch the setting back to MODEM.

Convert Promise to Observable

You can also use a Subject and trigger its next() function from promise. See sample below:

Add code like below ( I used service )

class UserService {_x000D_
  private createUserSubject: Subject < any > ;_x000D_
  createUserWithEmailAndPassword() {_x000D_
    if (this.createUserSubject) {_x000D_
      return this.createUserSubject;_x000D_
    } else {_x000D_
      this.createUserSubject = new Subject < any > ();_x000D_
        .then(function(firebaseUser) {_x000D_
          // do something to update your UI component_x000D_
          // pass user object to UI component_x000D_
        .catch(function(error) {_x000D_
          // Handle Errors here._x000D_
          var errorCode = error.code;_x000D_
          var errorMessage = error.message;_x000D_
          // ..._x000D_

Create User From Component like below

class UserComponent {_x000D_
  constructor(private userService: UserService) {_x000D_
    this.userService.createUserWithEmailAndPassword().subscribe(user => console.log(user), error => console.log(error);_x000D_

Reset push notification settings for app

The Apple Tech Note also described you can restore the device to reset the Push Notification dialog.

It does not say that you can also use the option "General -> Reset -> Erase All Content And Settings" on the device itself (iOS 5.x).

Replace whole line containing a string using Sed

I very often use regex to extract data from files I just used that to replace the literal quote \" with // nothing :-)

cat file.csv | egrep '^\"([0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.)' | sed  s/\"//g  | cut -d, -f1 > list.txt

What programming languages can one use to develop iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad (iOS) applications?

Only Objective-C is allowed by now... but since a few months ago you are allowed to write scripts that will be interpreted in your application.

So you may be able to write a LUA interpreter or a Python interpreter, then write some part of your application in this scripting language. If you want your application accepted on the App Store, these scripts have to be bundled with the application (your application cannot download it from the Internet for example)

see new app store rules

Git Push ERROR: Repository not found

Just use the SSH remote url instead of the HTTPS

Range with step of type float

This is what I would use:

numbers = [float(x)/10 for x in range(10)]

rather than:

numbers = [x*0.1 for x in range(10)]
that would return :
[0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.30000000000000004, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6000000000000001, 0.7000000000000001, 0.8, 0.9]

hope it helps.

How to create two columns on a web page?

The simple and best solution is to use tables for layouts. You're doing it right. There are a number of reasons tables are better.

  • They perform better than CSS
  • They work on all browsers without any fuss
  • You can debug them easily with the border=1 attribute

Sending and Receiving SMS and MMS in Android (pre Kit Kat Android 4.4)

To send an mms for Android 4.0 api 14 or higher without permission to write apn settings, you can use this library: Retrieve mnc and mcc codes from android, then call

Carrier c = Carrier.getCarrier(mcc, mnc);
if (c != null) {
    APN a = c.getAPN();
    if (a != null) {
        String mmsc = a.mmsc;
        String mmsproxy = a.proxy; //"" if none
        int mmsport = a.port; //0 if none

To use this, add Jsoup and droid prism jar to the build path, and import com.droidprism.*;

Python object.__repr__(self) should be an expression?

Guideline: If you can succinctly provide an exact representation, format it as a Python expression (which implies that it can be both eval'd and copied directly into source code, in the right context). If providing an inexact representation, use <...> format.

There are many possible representations for any value, but the one that's most interesting for Python programmers is an expression that recreates the value. Remember that those who understand Python are the target audience—and that's also why inexact representations should include relevant context. Even the default <XXX object at 0xNNN>, while almost entirely useless, still provides type, id() (to distinguish different objects), and indication that no better representation is available.

Unable to call the built in mb_internal_encoding method?

apt-get install php7.3-mbstring solved the issue on ubuntu, php version is php-fpm 7.3

Maintain/Save/Restore scroll position when returning to a ListView

I'm using FirebaseListAdapter and couldn't get any of the solutions to work. I ended up doing this. I'm guessing there are more elegant ways but this is a complete and working solution.

Before onCreate:

private int reset;
private int top;
private int index;

Inside of the FirebaseListAdapter:

public void onDataChanged() {

     // Only do this on first change, when starting
     // activity or coming back to it.
     if(reset == 0) {
          mListView.setSelectionFromTop(index, top);



protected void onStart() {
    if(adapter != null) {
        index = 0;
        top = 0;
        // Get position from SharedPrefs
        SharedPreferences sharedPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
        top = sharedPref.getInt("TOP_POSITION", 0);
        index = sharedPref.getInt("INDEX_POSITION", 0);
        // Set reset to 0 to allow change to last position
        reset = 0;


protected void onStop() {
    if(adapter != null) {
        // Set position
        index = mListView.getFirstVisiblePosition();
        View v = mListView.getChildAt(0);
        top = (v == null) ? 0 : (v.getTop() - mListView.getPaddingTop());
        // Save position to SharedPrefs
        SharedPreferences sharedPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
        sharedPref.edit().putInt("TOP_POSITION" + "", top).apply();
        sharedPref.edit().putInt("INDEX_POSITION" + "", index).apply();

Since I also had to solve this for FirebaseRecyclerAdapter I'm posting the solution here for that too:

Before onCreate:

private int reset;
private int top;
private int index;

Inside of the FirebaseRecyclerAdapter:

public void onDataChanged() {
    // Only do this on first change, when starting
    // activity or coming back to it.
    if(reset == 0) {
        linearLayoutManager.scrollToPositionWithOffset(index, top);


protected void onStart() {
    if(adapter != null) {
        index = 0;
        top = 0;
        // Get position from SharedPrefs
        SharedPreferences sharedPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
        top = sharedPref.getInt("TOP_POSITION", 0);
        index = sharedPref.getInt("INDEX_POSITION", 0);
        // Set reset to 0 to allow change to last position
        reset = 0;


protected void onStop() {
    if(adapter != null) {
        // Set position
        index = linearLayoutManager.findFirstVisibleItemPosition();
        View v = linearLayoutManager.getChildAt(0);
        top = (v == null) ? 0 : (v.getTop() - linearLayoutManager.getPaddingTop());
        // Save position to SharedPrefs
        SharedPreferences sharedPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
        sharedPref.edit().putInt("TOP_POSITION" + "", top).apply();
        sharedPref.edit().putInt("INDEX_POSITION" + "", index).apply();

$(document).click() not working correctly on iPhone. jquery

CSS Cursor:Pointer; is a great solution. FastClick is another solution which doesn't require you to change css if you didn't want Cursor:Pointer; on an element for some reason. I use fastclick now anyway to eliminate the 300ms delay on iOS devices.

Get Value of a Edit Text field

Get value from an EditText control in android. EditText getText property use to get value an EditText:

EditText txtname = findViewById(;
String name      =  txtname.getText().toString();

Install windows service without InstallUtil.exe

This is a base service class (ServiceBase subclass) that can be subclassed to build a windows service that can be easily installed from the command line, without installutil.exe. This solution is derived from How to make a .NET Windows Service start right after the installation?, adding some code to get the service Type using the calling StackFrame

public abstract class InstallableServiceBase:ServiceBase

    /// <summary>
    /// returns Type of the calling service (subclass of InstallableServiceBase)
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    protected static Type getMyType()
        Type t = typeof(InstallableServiceBase);
        MethodBase ret = MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod();
        Type retType = null;
            StackFrame[] frames = new StackTrace().GetFrames();
            foreach (StackFrame x in frames)
                ret = x.GetMethod();

                Type t1 = ret.DeclaringType;

                if (t1 != null && !t1.Equals(t) &&   !t1.IsSubclassOf(t))

                retType = t1;

        return retType;
    /// <summary>
    /// returns AssemblyInstaller for the calling service (subclass of InstallableServiceBase)
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    protected static AssemblyInstaller GetInstaller()
        Type t = getMyType();
        AssemblyInstaller installer = new AssemblyInstaller(
            t.Assembly, null);
        installer.UseNewContext = true;
        return installer;

    private bool IsInstalled()
        using (ServiceController controller =
            new ServiceController(this.ServiceName))
                ServiceControllerStatus status = controller.Status;
                return false;
            return true;

    private bool IsRunning()
        using (ServiceController controller =
            new ServiceController(this.ServiceName))
            if (!this.IsInstalled()) return false;
            return (controller.Status == ServiceControllerStatus.Running);
    /// <summary>
    /// protected method to be called by a public method within the real service
    /// ie: in the real service
    ///    new internal  void InstallService()
    ///    {
    ///        base.InstallService();
    ///    }
    /// </summary>
    protected void InstallService()
        if (this.IsInstalled()) return;

            using (AssemblyInstaller installer = GetInstaller())

                IDictionary state = new Hashtable();
                    catch { }
    /// <summary>
    /// protected method to be called by a public method within the real service
    /// ie: in the real service
    ///    new internal  void UninstallService()
    ///    {
    ///        base.UninstallService();
    ///    }
    /// </summary>
    protected void UninstallService()
        if (!this.IsInstalled()) return;

        if (this.IsRunning()) {
            using (AssemblyInstaller installer = GetInstaller())
                IDictionary state = new Hashtable();

    private void StartService()
        if (!this.IsInstalled()) return;

        using (ServiceController controller =
            new ServiceController(this.ServiceName))
                if (controller.Status != ServiceControllerStatus.Running)

    private void StopService()
        if (!this.IsInstalled()) return;
        using (ServiceController controller =
            new ServiceController(this.ServiceName))
                if (controller.Status != ServiceControllerStatus.Stopped)

All you have to do is to implement two public/internal methods in your real service:

    new internal  void InstallService()
    new internal void UninstallService()

and then call them when you want to install the service:

    static void Main(string[] args)
        if (Environment.UserInteractive)
            MyService s1 = new MyService();
            if (args.Length == 1)
                switch (args[0])
                    case "-install":

                    case "-uninstall":

                        throw new NotImplementedException();

        else {
            ServiceBase[] ServicesToRun;
            ServicesToRun = new ServiceBase[] 
                new MyService() 


nginx - nginx: [emerg] bind() to [::]:80 failed (98: Address already in use)

I had this error on AWS Lightsail, used the top answer above


listen [::]:80;


listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on default_server;

and then click on "reboot" button inside my AWS account, I have main server Apache and Nginx as proxy.

MySQL & Java - Get id of the last inserted value (JDBC)

Wouldn't you just change:

numero = stmt.executeUpdate(query);


numero = stmt.executeUpdate(query, Statement.RETURN_GENERATED_KEYS);

Take a look at the documentation for the JDBC Statement interface.

Update: Apparently there is a lot of confusion about this answer, but my guess is that the people that are confused are not reading it in the context of the question that was asked. If you take the code that the OP provided in his question and replace the single line (line 6) that I am suggesting, everything will work. The numero variable is completely irrelevant and its value is never read after it is set.

Can we pass parameters to a view in SQL?

No, a view is queried no differently to SELECTing from a table.

To do what you want, use a table-valued user-defined function with one or more parameters

How to do encryption using AES in Openssl

Check out this link it has a example code to encrypt/decrypt data using AES256CBC using EVP API.

Also you can check the use of AES256 CBC in a detailed open source project developed by me at

The code is detailed enough with comments and if you still need much explanation about the API itself i suggest check out this book Network Security with OpenSSL by Viega/Messier/Chandra (google it you will easily find a pdf of this..) read chapter 6 which is specific to symmetric ciphers using EVP API.. This helped me a lot actually understanding the reasons behind using various functions and structures of EVP.

and if you want to dive deep into the Openssl crypto library, i suggest download the code from the openssl website (the version installed on your machine) and then look in the implementation of EVP and aeh api implementation.

One more suggestion from the code you posted above i see you are using the api from aes.h instead use EVP. Check out the reason for doing this here OpenSSL using EVP vs. algorithm API for symmetric crypto nicely explained by Daniel in one of the question asked by me..

Appending HTML string to the DOM

The right way is using insertAdjacentHTML. In Firefox earlier than 8, you can fall back to using Range.createContextualFragment if your str contains no script tags.

If your str contains script tags, you need to remove script elements from the fragment returned by createContextualFragment before inserting the fragment. Otherwise, the scripts will run. (insertAdjacentHTML marks scripts unexecutable.)

How to solve Object reference not set to an instance of an object.?

You need to initialize the list first:

protected List<string> list = new List<string>();

Assign variable in if condition statement, good practice or not?

You can do this in Java too. And no, it's not a good practice. :)

(And use the === in Javascript for typed equality. Read Crockford's The Good Parts book on JS.)

Set timeout for webClient.DownloadFile()

Assuming you wanted to do this synchronously, using the WebClient.OpenRead(...) method and setting the timeout on the Stream that it returns will give you the desired result:

using (var webClient = new WebClient())
using (var stream = webClient.OpenRead(streamingUri))
     if (stream != null)
          stream.ReadTimeout = Timeout.Infinite;
          using (var reader = new StreamReader(stream, Encoding.UTF8, false))
               string line;
               while ((line = reader.ReadLine()) != null)
                    if (line != String.Empty)
                        Console.WriteLine("Count {0}", count++);

Deriving from WebClient and overriding GetWebRequest(...) to set the timeout @Beniamin suggested, didn't work for me as, but this did.

Serial Port (RS -232) Connection in C++

For the answer above, the default serial port is

        serialParams.BaudRate = 9600;
        serialParams.ByteSize = 8;
        serialParams.StopBits = TWOSTOPBITS;
        serialParams.Parity = NOPARITY;

How do you change the server header returned by nginx?

After I read Parthian Shot's answer, I dig into /usr/sbin/nginx binary file. Then I found out that the file contains these three lines.

Server: nginx/1.12.2
Server: nginx/1.12.2
Server: nginx

Basically first two of them are meant for server_tokens on; directive (Server version included). Then I change the search criteria to match those lines within the binary file.

sed -i 's/Server: nginx/Server: thing/' `which nginx`

After I dig farther I found out that the error message produced by nginx is also included in this file.


There are three of them, one without the version, two of them included the version. So I run the following command to replace nginx string within the error message.

sed -i 's/center>nginx/center>thing/' `which nginx`

Get only the Date part of DateTime in mssql

Another nifty way is:

DATEADD(dd, 0, DATEDIFF(dd, 0, [YourDate]))

Which gets the number of days from DAY 0 to YourDate and the adds it to DAY 0 to set the baseline again. This method (or "derivatives" hereof) can be used for a bunch of other date manipulation.

Edit - other date calculations:

First Day of Month:

DATEADD(mm, DATEDIFF(mm, 0, getdate()), 0)

First Day of the Year:

DATEADD(yy, DATEDIFF(yy, 0, getdate()), 0)

First Day of the Quarter:

DATEADD(qq, DATEDIFF(qq, 0, getdate()), 0)

Last Day of Prior Month:

DATEADD(ms, -3, DATEADD(mm, DATEDIFF(mm, 0, getdate()), 0))

Last Day of Current Month:

DATEADD(ms, -3, DATEADD(mm, DATEDIFF(m, 0, getdate()) + 1, 0))

Last Day of Current Year:

DATEADD(ms, -3, DATEADD(yy, DATEDIFF(yy, 0, getdate()) + 1, 0))

First Monday of the Month:

DATEADD(wk, DATEDIFF(wk, 0, DATEADD(dd, 6 - DATEPART(day, getdate()), getdate())), 0)        

Edit: True, Joe, it does not add it to DAY 0, it adds 0 (days) to the number of days which basically just converts it back to a datetime.

How do you fade in/out a background color using jquery?

This exact functionality (3 second glow to highlight a message) is implemented in the jQuery UI as the highlight effect

Color and duration are variable

Creating a thumbnail from an uploaded image


If you want to take advantage of Imagick (if it is installed on your server). Note: I didn't use Imagick's nature writeFile because I was having issues with it on my server. File put contents works just as well.

 * Generate Thumbnail using Imagick class
 * @param string $img
 * @param string $width
 * @param string $height
 * @param int $quality
 * @return boolean on true
 * @throws Exception
 * @throws ImagickException
function generateThumbnail($img, $width, $height, $quality = 90)
    if (is_file($img)) {
        $imagick = new Imagick(realpath($img));
        $imagick->thumbnailImage($width, $height, false, false);
        $filename_no_ext = reset(explode('.', $img));
        if (file_put_contents($filename_no_ext . '_thumb' . '.jpg', $imagick) === false) {
            throw new Exception("Could not put contents.");
        return true;
    else {
        throw new Exception("No valid image provided with {$img}.");

// example usage
try {
    generateThumbnail('test.jpg', 100, 50, 65);
catch (ImagickException $e) {
    echo $e->getMessage();
catch (Exception $e) {
    echo $e->getMessage();

I have been using this, just execute the function after you store the original image and use that location to create the thumbnail. Edit it to your liking...

function makeThumbnails($updir, $img, $id)
    $thumbnail_width = 134;
    $thumbnail_height = 189;
    $thumb_beforeword = "thumb";
    $arr_image_details = getimagesize("$updir" . $id . '_' . "$img"); // pass id to thumb name
    $original_width = $arr_image_details[0];
    $original_height = $arr_image_details[1];
    if ($original_width > $original_height) {
        $new_width = $thumbnail_width;
        $new_height = intval($original_height * $new_width / $original_width);
    } else {
        $new_height = $thumbnail_height;
        $new_width = intval($original_width * $new_height / $original_height);
    $dest_x = intval(($thumbnail_width - $new_width) / 2);
    $dest_y = intval(($thumbnail_height - $new_height) / 2);
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == IMAGETYPE_GIF) {
        $imgt = "ImageGIF";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromGIF";
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == IMAGETYPE_JPEG) {
        $imgt = "ImageJPEG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromJPEG";
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == IMAGETYPE_PNG) {
        $imgt = "ImagePNG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromPNG";
    if ($imgt) {
        $old_image = $imgcreatefrom("$updir" . $id . '_' . "$img");
        $new_image = imagecreatetruecolor($thumbnail_width, $thumbnail_height);
        imagecopyresized($new_image, $old_image, $dest_x, $dest_y, 0, 0, $new_width, $new_height, $original_width, $original_height);
        $imgt($new_image, "$updir" . $id . '_' . "$thumb_beforeword" . "$img");

The above function creates images with a uniform thumbnail size. If the image doesn't have the same dimensions as the specified thumbnail size (proportionally), it just has blackspace on the top and bottom.

How to check undefined in Typescript

It actually is working, but there is difference between null and undefined. You are actually assigning to uemail, which would return a value or null in case it does not exists. As per documentation.

For more information about the difference between the both of them, see this answer.

For a solution to this Garfty's answer may work, depending on what your requirement is. You may also want to have a look here.

What is the proper way to re-throw an exception in C#?

You should always use following syntax to rethrow an exception, else you'll stomp the stack trace:


If you print the trace resulting from "throw ex", you'll see that it ends on that statement and not at the real source of the exception.

Basically, it should be deemed a criminal offense to use "throw ex".

Alter column in SQL Server

To set a default value to a column, try this:

ALTER TABLE tb_TableName
ALTER COLUMN Record_Status SET DEFAULT 'default value'

Java Pass Method as Parameter

If you don't need these methods to return something, you could make them return Runnable objects.

private Runnable methodName (final int arg) {
    return (new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
          // do stuff with arg

Then use it like:

private void otherMethodName (Runnable arg){;

How to set default value to the input[type="date"]

You can do something like this:

<input type="date" value="<?php echo date("Y-m-d");?>" name="inicio">

How to convert UTC timestamp to device local time in android

It's Working

Call this method where you use

SntpClient client = new SntpClient();
if (client.requestTime("", 30000)) {
  long now = client.getNtpTime();
  Date current = new Date(now);

  date2 = sdf.parse(new Date(current.getTime()).toString());
 // System.out.println(current.toString());
  Log.e(TAG, "testing SntpClient time current.toString() "+current.toString()+" , date2 = "+date2);


import android.os.SystemClock;
import android.util.Log;


 * {@hide}
 * Simple SNTP client class for retrieving network time.
 * Sample usage:
 * <pre>SntpClient client = new SntpClient();
 * if (client.requestTime("")) {
 *     long now = client.getNtpTime() + SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - client.getNtpTimeReference();
 * }
 * </pre>
public class SntpClient
  private static final String TAG = "SntpClient";

  private static final int REFERENCE_TIME_OFFSET = 16;
  private static final int ORIGINATE_TIME_OFFSET = 24;
  private static final int RECEIVE_TIME_OFFSET = 32;
  private static final int TRANSMIT_TIME_OFFSET = 40;
  private static final int NTP_PACKET_SIZE = 48;

  private static final int NTP_PORT = 123;
  private static final int NTP_MODE_CLIENT = 3;
  private static final int NTP_VERSION = 3;

  // Number of seconds between Jan 1, 1900 and Jan 1, 1970
  // 70 years plus 17 leap days
  private static final long OFFSET_1900_TO_1970 = ((365L * 70L) + 17L) * 24L * 60L * 60L;

  // system time computed from NTP server response
  private long mNtpTime;

  // value of SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() corresponding to mNtpTime
  private long mNtpTimeReference;

  // round trip time in milliseconds
  private long mRoundTripTime;

   * Sends an SNTP request to the given host and processes the response.
   * @param host host name of the server.
   * @param timeout network timeout in milliseconds.
   * @return true if the transaction was successful.
  public boolean requestTime(String host, int timeout) {
    DatagramSocket socket = null;
    try {
      socket = new DatagramSocket();
      InetAddress address = InetAddress.getByName(host);
      byte[] buffer = new byte[NTP_PACKET_SIZE];
      DatagramPacket request = new DatagramPacket(buffer, buffer.length, address, NTP_PORT);

      // set mode = 3 (client) and version = 3
      // mode is in low 3 bits of first byte
      // version is in bits 3-5 of first byte
      buffer[0] = NTP_MODE_CLIENT | (NTP_VERSION << 3);

      // get current time and write it to the request packet
      long requestTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
      long requestTicks = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
      writeTimeStamp(buffer, TRANSMIT_TIME_OFFSET, requestTime);


      // read the response
      DatagramPacket response = new DatagramPacket(buffer, buffer.length);
      long responseTicks = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
      long responseTime = requestTime + (responseTicks - requestTicks);

      // extract the results
      long originateTime = readTimeStamp(buffer, ORIGINATE_TIME_OFFSET);
      long receiveTime = readTimeStamp(buffer, RECEIVE_TIME_OFFSET);
      long transmitTime = readTimeStamp(buffer, TRANSMIT_TIME_OFFSET);
      long roundTripTime = responseTicks - requestTicks - (transmitTime - receiveTime);
      // receiveTime = originateTime + transit + skew
      // responseTime = transmitTime + transit - skew
      // clockOffset = ((receiveTime - originateTime) + (transmitTime - responseTime))/2
      //             = ((originateTime + transit + skew - originateTime) +
      //                (transmitTime - (transmitTime + transit - skew)))/2
      //             = ((transit + skew) + (transmitTime - transmitTime - transit + skew))/2
      //             = (transit + skew - transit + skew)/2
      //             = (2 * skew)/2 = skew
      long clockOffset = ((receiveTime - originateTime) + (transmitTime - responseTime))/2;
      // if (false) Log.d(TAG, "round trip: " + roundTripTime + " ms");
      // if (false) Log.d(TAG, "clock offset: " + clockOffset + " ms");

      // save our results - use the times on this side of the network latency
      // (response rather than request time)
      mNtpTime = responseTime + clockOffset;
      mNtpTimeReference = responseTicks;
      mRoundTripTime = roundTripTime;
    } catch (Exception e) {
      if (false) Log.d(TAG, "request time failed: " + e);
      return false;
    } finally {
      if (socket != null) {

    return true;

   * Returns the time computed from the NTP transaction.
   * @return time value computed from NTP server response.
  public long getNtpTime() {
    return mNtpTime;

   * Returns the reference clock value (value of SystemClock.elapsedRealtime())
   * corresponding to the NTP time.
   * @return reference clock corresponding to the NTP time.
  public long getNtpTimeReference() {
    return mNtpTimeReference;

   * Returns the round trip time of the NTP transaction
   * @return round trip time in milliseconds.
  public long getRoundTripTime() {
    return mRoundTripTime;

   * Reads an unsigned 32 bit big endian number from the given offset in the buffer.
  private long read32(byte[] buffer, int offset) {
    byte b0 = buffer[offset];
    byte b1 = buffer[offset+1];
    byte b2 = buffer[offset+2];
    byte b3 = buffer[offset+3];

    // convert signed bytes to unsigned values
    int i0 = ((b0 & 0x80) == 0x80 ? (b0 & 0x7F) + 0x80 : b0);
    int i1 = ((b1 & 0x80) == 0x80 ? (b1 & 0x7F) + 0x80 : b1);
    int i2 = ((b2 & 0x80) == 0x80 ? (b2 & 0x7F) + 0x80 : b2);
    int i3 = ((b3 & 0x80) == 0x80 ? (b3 & 0x7F) + 0x80 : b3);

    return ((long)i0 << 24) + ((long)i1 << 16) + ((long)i2 << 8) + (long)i3;

   * Reads the NTP time stamp at the given offset in the buffer and returns
   * it as a system time (milliseconds since January 1, 1970).
  private long readTimeStamp(byte[] buffer, int offset) {
    long seconds = read32(buffer, offset);
    long fraction = read32(buffer, offset + 4);
    return ((seconds - OFFSET_1900_TO_1970) * 1000) + ((fraction * 1000L) / 0x100000000L);

   * Writes system time (milliseconds since January 1, 1970) as an NTP time stamp
   * at the given offset in the buffer.
  private void writeTimeStamp(byte[] buffer, int offset, long time) {
    long seconds = time / 1000L;
    long milliseconds = time - seconds * 1000L;
    seconds += OFFSET_1900_TO_1970;

    // write seconds in big endian format
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(seconds >> 24);
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(seconds >> 16);
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(seconds >> 8);
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(seconds >> 0);

    long fraction = milliseconds * 0x100000000L / 1000L;
    // write fraction in big endian format
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(fraction >> 24);
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(fraction >> 16);
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(fraction >> 8);
    // low order bits should be random data
    buffer[offset++] = (byte)(Math.random() * 255.0);

LEFT JOIN in LINQ to entities?

Easy way is to use Let keyword. This works for me.

from AItem in Db.A
Let BItem = Db.B.Where(x => == ).FirstOrDefault() 
Where SomeCondition
Select new YourViewModel
    X1 = AItem.a,
    X2 = AItem.b,
    X3 = BItem.c

This is a simulation of Left Join. If each item in B table not match to A item , BItem return null

Variable used in lambda expression should be final or effectively final

A final variable means that it can be instantiated only one time. in Java you can't use non-final variables in lambda as well as in anonymous inner classes.

You can refactor your code with the old for-each loop:

private TimeZone extractCalendarTimeZoneComponent(Calendar cal,TimeZone calTz) {
    try {
        for(Component component : cal.getComponents().getComponents("VTIMEZONE")) {
        VTimeZone v = (VTimeZone) component;
           if(calTz==null) {
               calTz = TimeZone.getTimeZone(v.getTimeZoneId().getValue());
    } catch (Exception e) {
        log.warn("Unable to determine ical timezone", e);
    return null;

Even if I don't get the sense of some pieces of this code:

  • you call a v.getTimeZoneId(); without using its return value
  • with the assignment calTz = TimeZone.getTimeZone(v.getTimeZoneId().getValue()); you don't modify the originally passed calTz and you don't use it in this method
  • You always return null, why don't you set void as return type?

Hope also these tips helps you to improve.

Difference between scaling horizontally and vertically for databases

Traditional relational databases were designed as client/server database systems. They can be scaled horizontally but the process to do so tends to be complex and error prone. NewSQL databases like NuoDB are memory-centric distributed database systems designed to scale out horizontally while maintaining the SQL/ACID properties of traditional RDBMS.

For more information on NuoDB, read their technical white paper.

How to make an autocomplete TextBox in ASP.NET?

1-Install AjaxControl Toolkit easily by Nugget

PM> Install-Package AjaxControlToolkit

2-then in markup

<asp:ToolkitScriptManager ID="ToolkitScriptManager1" runat="server">  

<asp:TextBox ID="txtMovie" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>  

<asp:AutoCompleteExtender  ID="AutoCompleteExtender1"  TargetControlID="txtMovie"   
    runat="server" />  

3- in code-behind : to get the suggestions

    public static string[] GetCompletionList(string prefixText, int count, string contextKey) {  
        // Create array of movies  
        string[] movies = {"Star Wars", "Star Trek", "Superman", "Memento", "Shrek", "Shrek II"};  

        // Return matching movies  
        return (from m in movies where m.StartsWith(prefixText,StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) select m).Take(count).ToArray();  


How to remove focus around buttons on click

.btn:focus:active {
  outline: none;

this removes the outline on click, but keeps the focus when tabbing (for a11y)

Create SQLite Database and table

The next link will bring you to a great tutorial, that helped me a lot!

How to SQLITE in C#

I nearly used everything in that article to create the SQLite database for my own C# Application.

Don't forget to download the SQLite.dll, and add it as a reference to your project. This can be done using NuGet and by adding the dll manually.

After you added the reference, refer to the dll from your code using the following line on top of your class:

using System.Data.SQLite;

You can find the dll's here:

SQLite DLL's

You can find the NuGet way here:


Up next is the create script. Creating a database file:


SQLiteConnection m_dbConnection = new SQLiteConnection("Data Source=MyDatabase.sqlite;Version=3;");

string sql = "create table highscores (name varchar(20), score int)";

SQLiteCommand command = new SQLiteCommand(sql, m_dbConnection);

sql = "insert into highscores (name, score) values ('Me', 9001)";

command = new SQLiteCommand(sql, m_dbConnection);


After you created a create script in C#, I think you might want to add rollback transactions, it is safer and it will keep your database from failing, because the data will be committed at the end in one big piece as an atomic operation to the database and not in little pieces, where it could fail at 5th of 10 queries for example.

Example on how to use transactions:

 using (TransactionScope tran = new TransactionScope())
     //Insert create script here.

     //Indicates that creating the SQLiteDatabase went succesfully, so the database can be committed.

Div with margin-left and width:100% overflowing on the right side

A div is a block element and by default 100% wide. You should just have to set the textarea width to 100%.

Adding images to an HTML document with javascript

This works:

var img = document.createElement('img');
img.src = 'img/eqp/' + this.apparel + '/' + this.facing + '_idle.png';

Or using jQuery:

.attr('src','img/eqp/' + this.apparel + '/' + this.facing + '_idle.png')

Get size of an Iterable in Java

This is perhaps a bit late, but may help someone. I come across similar issue with Iterable in my codebase and solution was to use for each without explicitly calling values.iterator();.

int size = 0;
for(T value : values) {

Quoting backslashes in Python string literals

Use a raw string:

>>> foo = r'baz "\"'
>>> foo
'baz "\\"'

Note that although it looks wrong, it's actually right. There is only one backslash in the string foo.

This happens because when you just type foo at the prompt, python displays the result of __repr__() on the string. This leads to the following (notice only one backslash and no quotes around the printed string):

>>> foo = r'baz "\"'
>>> foo
'baz "\\"'
>>> print(foo)
baz "\"

And let's keep going because there's more backslash tricks. If you want to have a backslash at the end of the string and use the method above you'll come across a problem:

>>> foo = r'baz \'
  File "<stdin>", line 1
    foo = r'baz \'
SyntaxError: EOL while scanning single-quoted string

Raw strings don't work properly when you do that. You have to use a regular string and escape your backslashes:

>>> foo = 'baz \\'
>>> print(foo)
baz \

However, if you're working with Windows file names, you're in for some pain. What you want to do is use forward slashes and the os.path.normpath() function:

myfile = os.path.normpath('c:/folder/subfolder/file.txt')

This will save a lot of escaping and hair-tearing. This page was handy when going through this a while ago.

How to extract Month from date in R

Her is another R base approach:

From your example: Some date:


We tell R, "That is a Date"


We extract the month:


output: [1] "January"

Finally, we can convert it to a numerical variable:


outpt: [1] 1

php pdo: get the columns name of a table

I solve the problem the following way (MySQL only)

$q = $dbh->prepare("DESCRIBE tablename");
$table_fields = $q->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_COLUMN);

How to split a comma-separated value to columns

ALTER function get_occurance_index(@delimiter varchar(1),@occurence int,@String varchar(100))
returns int
AS Begin
--Declare @delimiter varchar(1)=',',@occurence int=2,@String varchar(100)='a,b,c'
Declare @result int
 ;with T as (
    select 1 Rno,0 as row, charindex(@delimiter, @String) pos,@String st
    union all
    select Rno+1,pos + 1, charindex(@delimiter, @String, pos + 1), @String
    from T
    where pos > 0
select  @result=pos 
from T 
where pos > 0   and rno = @occurence 
return isnull(@result,0)

declare @data as table (data varchar(100))
insert into @data values('1,2,3') 
insert into @data values('aaa,bbbbb,cccc') 
select top  3 Substring (data,0,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',1,data)) ,--First Record always starts with 0
Substring (data,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',1,data)+1,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',2,data)-dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',1,data)-1) ,
Substring (data,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',2,data)+1,len(data)) , -- Last record cant be more than len of actual data
From @data 

Skip over a value in the range function in python

what you could do, is put an if statement around everything inside the loop that you want kept away from the 50. e.g.

for i in range(0, len(list)):
    if i != 50:
        x= listRow(list, i)
        for j in range (#0 to len(list) not including x#)

How do I print my Java object without getting "SomeType@2f92e0f4"?

Every class in Java has the toString() method in it by default, which is called if you pass some object of that class to System.out.println(). By default, this call returns the className@hashcode of that object.

    SomeClass sc = new SomeClass();
    // Class @ followed by hashcode of object in Hexadecimal

You can override the toString method of a class to get different output. See this example

class A {
    String s = "I am just a object";
    public String toString()
        return s;

class B {
    public static void main(String args[])
        A obj = new A();

Using lodash to compare jagged arrays (items existence without order)

If you sort the outer array, you can use _.isEqual() since the inner array is already sorted.

var array1 = [['a', 'b'], ['b', 'c']];
var array2 = [['b', 'c'], ['a', 'b']];
_.isEqual(array1.sort(), array2.sort()); //true

Note that .sort() will mutate the arrays. If that's a problem for you, make a copy first using (for example) .slice() or the spread operator (...).

Or, do as Daniel Budick recommends in a comment below:

_.isEqual(_.sortBy(array1), _.sortBy(array2))

Lodash's sortBy() will not mutate the array.

How to insert date values into table

let suppose we create a table Transactions using SQl server management studio

txn_id int,

txn_type_id varchar(200),

Account_id int,

Amount int,

tDate date


with date datatype we can insert values in simple format: 'yyyy-mm-dd'

INSERT INTO transactions (txn_id,txn_type_id,Account_id,Amount,tDate)
VALUES (978, 'DBT', 103, 100, '2004-01-22');

Moreover we can have differet time formats like

DATE - format YYYY-MM-DD

PLS-00201 - identifier must be declared

The procedure name should be in caps while creating procedure in database. You may use small letters for your procedure name while calling from Java class like:

String getDBUSERByUserIdSql = "{call getDBUSERByUserId(?,?,?,?)}";

In database the name of procedure should be:

GETDBUSERBYUSERID    -- (all letters in caps only)

This serves as one of the solutions for this problem.

How to use log levels in java

Generally, you don't need all those levels, SEVERE, WARNING, INFO, FINE might be enough. We're using Log4J (not java.util.logging directly) and the following levels (which might differ in name from other logging frameworks):

  • ERROR: Any error/exception that is or might be critical. Our Logger automatically sends an email for each such message on our servers (usage: logger.error("message"); )

  • WARN: Any message that might warn us of potential problems, e.g. when a user tried to log in with wrong credentials - which might indicate an attack if that happens often or in short periods of time (usage: logger.warn("message"); )

  • INFO: Anything that we want to know when looking at the log files, e.g. when a scheduled job started/ended (usage:"message"); )

  • DEBUG: As the name says, debug messages that we only rarely turn on. (usage: logger.debug("message"); )

The beauty of this is that if you set the log level to WARN, info and debug messages have next to no performance impact. If you need to get additional information from a production system you just can lower the level to INFO or DEBUG for a short period of time (since you'd get much more log entries which make your log files bigger and harder to read). Adjusting log levels etc. can normally be done at runtime (our JBoss instance checks for changes in that config every minute or so).

Check if element is visible in DOM

If we're just collecting basic ways of detecting visibility, let me not forget:

opacity > 0.01; // probably more like .1 to actually be visible, but YMMV

And as to how to obtain attributes:


So, in your example:


But wha? It doesn't work here. Look closer and you'll find that visibility is being updated not as an attribute on the element, but using the style property. This is one of many problems with trying to do what you're doing. Among others: you can't guarantee that there's actually something to see in an element, just because its visibility, display, and opacity all have the correct values. It still might lack content, or it might lack a height and width. Another object might obscure it. For more detail, a quick Google search reveals this, and even includes a library to try solving the problem. (YMMV)

Check out the following, which are possible duplicates of this question, with excellent answers, including some insight from the mighty John Resig. However, your specific use-case is slightly different from the standard one, so I'll refrain from flagging:

(EDIT: OP SAYS HE'S SCRAPING PAGES, NOT CREATING THEM, SO BELOW ISN'T APPLICABLE) A better option? Bind the visibility of elements to model properties and always make visibility contingent on that model, much as Angular does with ng-show. You can do that using any tool you want: Angular, plain JS, whatever. Better still, you can change the DOM implementation over time, but you'll always be able to read state from the model, instead of the DOM. Reading your truth from the DOM is Bad. And slow. Much better to check the model, and trust in your implementation to ensure that the DOM state reflects the model. (And use automated testing to confirm that assumption.)

LINQ: Distinct values

Just use the Distinct() with your own comparer.

How can I create a border around an Android LinearLayout?

Creat XML called border.xml in drawable folder as below :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 <layer-list xmlns:android="">
    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
      <solid android:color="#FF0000" /> 
    <item android:left="5dp" android:right="5dp"  android:top="5dp" >  
     <shape android:shape="rectangle"> 
      <solid android:color="#000000" />

then add this to linear layout as backgound as this:


How to sort an array of associative arrays by value of a given key in PHP?

Since your array elements are arrays themselves with string keys, your best bet is to define a custom comparison function. It's pretty quick and easy to do. Try this:

function invenDescSort($item1,$item2)
    if ($item1['price'] == $item2['price']) return 0;
    return ($item1['price'] < $item2['price']) ? 1 : -1;

Produces the following:

    [0] => Array
            [type] => pork
            [price] => 5.43

    [1] => Array
            [type] => fruit
            [price] => 3.5

    [2] => Array
            [type] => milk
            [price] => 2.9


Simple C example of doing an HTTP POST and consuming the response

A message has a header part and a message body separated by a blank line. The blank line is ALWAYS needed even if there is no message body. The header starts with a command and has additional lines of key value pairs separated by a colon and a space. If there is a message body, it can be anything you want it to be.

Lines in the header and the blank line at the end of the header must end with a carraige return and linefeed pair (see HTTP header line break style) so that's why those lines have \r\n at the end.

A URL has the form of http://host:port/path?query_string

There are two main ways of submitting a request to a website:

  • GET: The query string is optional but, if specified, must be reasonably short. Because of this the header could just be the GET command and nothing else. A sample message could be:

    GET /path?query_string HTTP/1.0\r\n
  • POST: What would normally be in the query string is in the body of the message instead. Because of this the header needs to include the Content-Type: and Content-Length: attributes as well as the POST command. A sample message could be:

    POST /path HTTP/1.0\r\n
    Content-Type: text/plain\r\n
    Content-Length: 12\r\n

So, to answer your question: if the URL you are interested in POSTing to is then there is no body or query string and, consequently, no reason to POST because there is nothing to put in the body of the message and so nothing to put in the Content-Type: and Content-Length:

I guess you could POST if you really wanted to. In that case your message would look like:

POST /apikey=ARG1&command=ARG2 HTTP/1.0\r\n

So to send the message the C program needs to:

  • create a socket
  • lookup the IP address
  • open the socket
  • send the request
  • wait for the response
  • close the socket

The send and receive calls won't necessarily send/receive ALL the data you give them - they will return the number of bytes actually sent/received. It is up to you to call them in a loop and send/receive the remainder of the message.

What I did not do in this sample is any sort of real error checking - when something fails I just exit the program. Let me know if it works for you:

#include <stdio.h> /* printf, sprintf */
#include <stdlib.h> /* exit */
#include <unistd.h> /* read, write, close */
#include <string.h> /* memcpy, memset */
#include <sys/socket.h> /* socket, connect */
#include <netinet/in.h> /* struct sockaddr_in, struct sockaddr */
#include <netdb.h> /* struct hostent, gethostbyname */

void error(const char *msg) { perror(msg); exit(0); }

int main(int argc,char *argv[])
    /* first what are we going to send and where are we going to send it? */
    int portno =        80;
    char *host =        "";
    char *message_fmt = "POST /apikey=%s&command=%s HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n";

    struct hostent *server;
    struct sockaddr_in serv_addr;
    int sockfd, bytes, sent, received, total;
    char message[1024],response[4096];

    if (argc < 3) { puts("Parameters: <apikey> <command>"); exit(0); }

    /* fill in the parameters */

    /* create the socket */
    sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sockfd < 0) error("ERROR opening socket");

    /* lookup the ip address */
    server = gethostbyname(host);
    if (server == NULL) error("ERROR, no such host");

    /* fill in the structure */
    serv_addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    serv_addr.sin_port = htons(portno);

    /* connect the socket */
    if (connect(sockfd,(struct sockaddr *)&serv_addr,sizeof(serv_addr)) < 0)
        error("ERROR connecting");

    /* send the request */
    total = strlen(message);
    sent = 0;
    do {
        bytes = write(sockfd,message+sent,total-sent);
        if (bytes < 0)
            error("ERROR writing message to socket");
        if (bytes == 0)
    } while (sent < total);

    /* receive the response */
    total = sizeof(response)-1;
    received = 0;
    do {
        bytes = read(sockfd,response+received,total-received);
        if (bytes < 0)
            error("ERROR reading response from socket");
        if (bytes == 0)
    } while (received < total);

    if (received == total)
        error("ERROR storing complete response from socket");

    /* close the socket */

    /* process response */

    return 0;

Like the other answer pointed out, 4096 bytes is not a very big response. I picked that number at random assuming that the response to your request would be short. If it can be big you have two choices:

  • read the Content-Length: header from the response and then dynamically allocate enough memory to hold the whole response.
  • write the response to a file as the pieces arrive

Additional information to answer the question asked in the comments:

What if you want to POST data in the body of the message? Then you do need to include the Content-Type: and Content-Length: headers. The Content-Length: is the actual length of everything after the blank line that separates the header from the body.

Here is a sample that takes the following command line arguments:

  • host
  • port
  • command (GET or POST)
  • path (not including the query data)
  • query data (put into the query string for GET and into the body for POST)
  • list of headers (Content-Length: is automatic if using POST)

So, for the original question you would run:

a.out 80 GET "/apikey=ARG1&command=ARG2"

And for the question asked in the comments you would run:

a.out 80 POST / "name=ARG1&value=ARG2" "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded"

Here is the code:

#include <stdio.h> /* printf, sprintf */
#include <stdlib.h> /* exit, atoi, malloc, free */
#include <unistd.h> /* read, write, close */
#include <string.h> /* memcpy, memset */
#include <sys/socket.h> /* socket, connect */
#include <netinet/in.h> /* struct sockaddr_in, struct sockaddr */
#include <netdb.h> /* struct hostent, gethostbyname */

void error(const char *msg) { perror(msg); exit(0); }

int main(int argc,char *argv[])
    int i;

    /* first where are we going to send it? */
    int portno = atoi(argv[2])>0?atoi(argv[2]):80;
    char *host = strlen(argv[1])>0?argv[1]:"localhost";

    struct hostent *server;
    struct sockaddr_in serv_addr;
    int sockfd, bytes, sent, received, total, message_size;
    char *message, response[4096];

    if (argc < 5) { puts("Parameters: <host> <port> <method> <path> [<data> [<headers>]]"); exit(0); }

    /* How big is the message? */
        message_size+=strlen("%s %s%s%s HTTP/1.0\r\n");        /* method         */
        message_size+=strlen(argv[3]);                         /* path           */
        message_size+=strlen(argv[4]);                         /* headers        */
            message_size+=strlen(argv[5]);                     /* query string   */
        for(i=6;i<argc;i++)                                    /* headers        */
        message_size+=strlen("\r\n");                          /* blank line     */
        message_size+=strlen("%s %s HTTP/1.0\r\n");
        message_size+=strlen(argv[3]);                         /* method         */
        message_size+=strlen(argv[4]);                         /* path           */
        for(i=6;i<argc;i++)                                    /* headers        */
            message_size+=strlen("Content-Length: %d\r\n")+10; /* content length */
        message_size+=strlen("\r\n");                          /* blank line     */
            message_size+=strlen(argv[5]);                     /* body           */

    /* allocate space for the message */

    /* fill in the parameters */
            sprintf(message,"%s %s%s%s HTTP/1.0\r\n",
                strlen(argv[3])>0?argv[3]:"GET",               /* method         */
                strlen(argv[4])>0?argv[4]:"/",                 /* path           */
                strlen(argv[5])>0?"?":"",                      /* ?              */
                strlen(argv[5])>0?argv[5]:"");                 /* query string   */
            sprintf(message,"%s %s HTTP/1.0\r\n",
                strlen(argv[3])>0?argv[3]:"GET",               /* method         */
                strlen(argv[4])>0?argv[4]:"/");                /* path           */
        for(i=6;i<argc;i++)                                    /* headers        */
        strcat(message,"\r\n");                                /* blank line     */
        sprintf(message,"%s %s HTTP/1.0\r\n",
            strlen(argv[3])>0?argv[3]:"POST",                  /* method         */
            strlen(argv[4])>0?argv[4]:"/");                    /* path           */
        for(i=6;i<argc;i++)                                    /* headers        */
            sprintf(message+strlen(message),"Content-Length: %d\r\n",strlen(argv[5]));
        strcat(message,"\r\n");                                /* blank line     */
            strcat(message,argv[5]);                           /* body           */

    /* What are we going to send? */

    /* create the socket */
    sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sockfd < 0) error("ERROR opening socket");

    /* lookup the ip address */
    server = gethostbyname(host);
    if (server == NULL) error("ERROR, no such host");

    /* fill in the structure */
    serv_addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    serv_addr.sin_port = htons(portno);

    /* connect the socket */
    if (connect(sockfd,(struct sockaddr *)&serv_addr,sizeof(serv_addr)) < 0)
        error("ERROR connecting");

    /* send the request */
    total = strlen(message);
    sent = 0;
    do {
        bytes = write(sockfd,message+sent,total-sent);
        if (bytes < 0)
            error("ERROR writing message to socket");
        if (bytes == 0)
    } while (sent < total);

    /* receive the response */
    total = sizeof(response)-1;
    received = 0;
    do {
        bytes = read(sockfd,response+received,total-received);
        if (bytes < 0)
            error("ERROR reading response from socket");
        if (bytes == 0)
    } while (received < total);

    if (received == total)
        error("ERROR storing complete response from socket");

    /* close the socket */

    /* process response */

    return 0;

What is the simplest way to convert array to vector?

You're asking the wrong question here - instead of forcing everything into a vector ask how you can convert test to work with iterators instead of a specific container. You can provide an overload too in order to retain compatibility (and handle other containers at the same time for free):

void test(const std::vector<int>& in) {
  // Iterate over vector and do whatever


template <typename Iterator>
void test(Iterator begin, const Iterator end) {
    // Iterate over range and do whatever

template <typename Container>
void test(const Container& in) {
    test(std::begin(in), std::end(in));

Which lets you do:

int x[3]={1, 2, 3};
test(x); // Now correct

(Ideone demo)

jQuery date/time picker

I have ran into that same problem. I actually developed my using server side programming, but I did a quick search to try and help you out and found this.

Seems alright, didn't look at the source too much, but seems to be purely JavaScript.

Take look:

Here is the demo page link:

good luck

Are HTTPS URLs encrypted?

Yes and no.

The server address portion is NOT encrypted since it is used to set up the connection.

This may change in future with encrypted SNI and DNS but as of 2018 both technologies are not commonly in use.

The path, query string etc. are encrypted.

Note for GET requests the user will still be able to cut and paste the URL out of the location bar, and you will probably not want to put confidential information in there that can be seen by anyone looking at the screen.

what is <meta charset="utf-8">?

That meta tag basically specifies which character set a website is written with.

Here is a definition of UTF-8:

UTF-8 (U from Universal Character Set + Transformation Format—8-bit) is a character encoding capable of encoding all possible characters (called code points) in Unicode. The encoding is variable-length and uses 8-bit code units.

Importing a CSV file into a sqlite3 database table using Python

I've found that it can be necessary to break up the transfer of data from the csv to the database in chunks as to not run out of memory. This can be done like this:

import csv
import sqlite3
from operator import itemgetter

# Establish connection
conn = sqlite3.connect("mydb.db")

# Create the table 
    CREATE TABLE persons(
        person_id INTEGER,
        last_name TEXT, 
        first_name TEXT, 
        address TEXT

# These are the columns from the csv that we want
cols = ["person_id", "last_name", "first_name", "address"]

# If the csv file is huge, we instead add the data in chunks
chunksize = 10000

# Parse csv file and populate db in chunks
with conn, open("persons.csv") as f:
    reader = csv.DictReader(f)

    chunk = []
    for i, row in reader: 

        if i % chunksize == 0 and i > 0:
                INSERT INTO persons
                    VALUES(?, ?, ?, ?)
                """, chunk
            chunk = []

        items = itemgetter(*cols)(row)

How to overplot a line on a scatter plot in python?

You can use this tutorial by Adarsh Menon

This way is the easiest I found and it basically looks like:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt  # To visualize
import pandas as pd  # To read data
from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression
data = pd.read_csv('data.csv')  # load data set
X = data.iloc[:, 0].values.reshape(-1, 1)  # values converts it into a numpy array
Y = data.iloc[:, 1].values.reshape(-1, 1)  # -1 means that calculate the dimension of rows, but have 1 column
linear_regressor = LinearRegression()  # create object for the class, Y)  # perform linear regression
Y_pred = linear_regressor.predict(X)  # make predictions
plt.scatter(X, Y)
plt.plot(X, Y_pred, color='red')

How to check is Apache2 is stopped in Ubuntu?

In the command line type service apache2 status then hit enter. The result should say:

Apache2 is running (pid xxxx)

How do I create a folder in VB if it doesn't exist?

Directory.CreateDirectory() should do it.

Also, in Vista, you probably cannot write into C: directly unless you run it as an admin, so you might just want to bypass that and create the dir you want in a sub-dir of C: (which i'd say is a good practice to be followed anyways. -- its unbelievable how many people just dump crap onto C:

Hope that helps.

brew install mysql on macOS

Had the same problem. Seems like there is something wrong with the set up instructions or the initial tables that are being created. This is how I got mysqld running on my machine.

If the mysqld server is already running on your Mac, stop it first with:

launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.mysql.mysqld.plist

Start the mysqld server with the following command which lets anyone log in with full permissions.

mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables

Then run mysql -u root which should now let you log in successfully without a password. The following command should reset all the root passwords.

UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('NewPassword') WHERE User='root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Now if you kill the running copy of mysqld_safe and start it up again without the skip-grant-tables option, you should be able to log in with mysql -u root -p and the new password you just set.

Import python package from local directory into interpreter

If you want to run an unmodified python script so it imports libraries from a specific local directory you can set the PYTHONPATH environment variable - e.g. in bash:

export PYTHONPATH=/home/user/my_libs

If you just want it to import from the current working directory use the . notation:


Selenium WebDriver and DropDown Boxes

Example for select an option from the drop down list:

Click on drop down list by using id or csspath or xpath or name. I have used id here.

driver.findElement("dropdownlistone")).click(); // To click on drop down list
driver.findElement(By.linkText("india")).click(); // To select a data from the drop down list.

Determine if $.ajax error is a timeout

If your error event handler takes the three arguments (xmlhttprequest, textstatus, and message) when a timeout happens, the status arg will be 'timeout'.

Per the jQuery documentation:

Possible values for the second argument (besides null) are "timeout", "error", "notmodified" and "parsererror".

You can handle your error accordingly then.

I created this fiddle that demonstrates this.

    url: "/ajax_json_echo/",
    type: "GET",
    dataType: "json",
    timeout: 1000,
    success: function(response) { alert(response); },
    error: function(xmlhttprequest, textstatus, message) {
        if(textstatus==="timeout") {
            alert("got timeout");
        } else {

With jsFiddle, you can test ajax calls -- it will wait 2 seconds before responding. I put the timeout setting at 1 second, so it should error out and pass back a textstatus of 'timeout' to the error handler.

Hope this helps!

Bootstrap 4 navbar color

you can write !important in front of background-color property value like this it will change the color of links.

.nav-link {
    color: white !important;

How do I make an HTTP request in Swift?

KISS answer:

URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: URL(string: "")!) {(data, response, error) in
    print(String(data: data!, encoding: .utf8))

Why do we need the "finally" clause in Python?

finally is for defining "clean up actions". The finally clause is executed in any event before leaving the try statement, whether an exception (even if you do not handle it) has occurred or not.

I second @Byers's example.

C++ - unable to start correctly (0xc0150002)

It is because there is a DLL that your program is missing or can't find.

In your case I believe you are missing the openCV dlls. You can find these under the "build" directory that comes with open CV. If you are using VS2010 and building to an x86 program you can locate your dlls here under "opencv\build\x86\vc10\bin". Simply copy all these files to your Debug and Release folders and it should resolve your issues.

Generally you can resolve this issue using the following procedure:

  1. Download Dependency Walker from here:
  2. Load your .exe file into Dependency Walker (under your projects Debug or Release folder), in your case this would be DisplayImage.exe
  3. Look for any DLL's that are missing, or are corrupt, or are for the wrong architecture (i.e. x64 instead of x86) these will be highlighted in red.
  4. For each DLL that you are missing either copy to your Debug or Release folders with your .exe, or install the required software, or add the path to the DLLs to your environment variables (Win+Pause -> Advanced System Settings -> Environment Variables)

Remember that you will need to have these DLLs in the same directory as your .exe. If you copy the .exe from the Release folder to somewhere else then you will need those DLLs copied with the .exe as well. For portability I tend to try and have a test Virtual Machine with a clean install of Windows (no updates or programs installed), and I walk through the Dependencies using the Dependency Walker one by one until the program is running happily.

This is a common problem. Also see these questions:

Can't run a vc++, error code 0xc0150002

The application was unable to start (0xc0150002) with libcurl C++ Windows 7 VS 2010

0xc0150002 Error when trying to run VC++ libcurl

The application was unable to start correctly 0xc150002

The application was unable to start correctly (0*0150002) - OpenCv

Good Luck!

How to run test methods in specific order in JUnit4?

I think it's quite important feature for JUnit, if author of JUnit doesn't want the order feature, why?

I'm not sure there is a clean way to do this with JUnit, to my knowledge JUnit assumes that all tests can be performed in an arbitrary order. From the FAQ:

How do I use a test fixture?

(...) The ordering of test-method invocations is not guaranteed, so testOneItemCollection() might be executed before testEmptyCollection(). (...)

Why is it so? Well, I believe that making tests order dependent is a practice that the authors don't want to promote. Tests should be independent, they shouldn't be coupled and violating this will make things harder to maintain, will break the ability to run tests individually (obviously), etc.

That being said, if you really want to go in this direction, consider using TestNG since it supports running tests methods in any arbitrary order natively (and things like specifying that methods depends on groups of methods). Cedric Beust explains how to do this in order of execution of tests in testng.

How to add a button dynamically in Android?

In mainactivity.xml write:


In write:

Button buttonSearch;
buttonSearch = (Button)findViewById(;

How do I fix "The expression of type List needs unchecked conversion...'?

It looks like SyndFeed is not using generics.

You could either have an unsafe cast and a warning suppression:

List<SyndEntry> entries = (List<SyndEntry>) sf.getEntries();

or call Collections.checkedList - although you'll still need to suppress the warning:

List<SyndEntry> entries = Collections.checkedList(sf.getEntries(), SyndEntry.class);

How to disable and then enable onclick event on <div> with javascript

To enable use bind() method


call this handler

 function  eventhandler(){
      alert("Bind click")

To disable click useunbind()


how to convert a string to a bool

I know this doesn't answer your question, but just to help other people. If you are trying to convert "true" or "false" strings to boolean:

Try Boolean.Parse

bool val = Boolean.Parse("true"); ==> true
bool val = Boolean.Parse("True"); ==> true
bool val = Boolean.Parse("TRUE"); ==> true
bool val = Boolean.Parse("False"); ==> false
bool val = Boolean.Parse("1"); ==> Exception!
bool val = Boolean.Parse("diffstring"); ==> Exception!

Saving and loading objects and using pickle

You're forgetting to read it as binary too.

In your write part you have:

open(b"Fruits.obj","wb") # Note the wb part (Write Binary)

In the read part you have:

file = open("Fruits.obj",'r') # Note the r part, there should be a b too

So replace it with:

file = open("Fruits.obj",'rb')

And it will work :)

As for your second error, it is most likely cause by not closing/syncing the file properly.

Try this bit of code to write:

>>> import pickle
>>> filehandler = open(b"Fruits.obj","wb")
>>> pickle.dump(banana,filehandler)
>>> filehandler.close()

And this (unchanged) to read:

>>> import pickle
>>> file = open("Fruits.obj",'rb')
>>> object_file = pickle.load(file)

A neater version would be using the with statement.

For writing:

>>> import pickle
>>> with open('Fruits.obj', 'wb') as fp:
>>>     pickle.dump(banana, fp)

For reading:

>>> import pickle
>>> with open('Fruits.obj', 'rb') as fp:
>>>     banana = pickle.load(fp)

How do you add a scroll bar to a div?

<div class="scrollingDiv">foo</div> 


How to install a .ipa file into my iPhone?

You need to install the provisioning profile (drag and drop it into iTunes). Then drag and drop the .ipa. Ensure you device is set to sync apps, and try again.

How do I associate file types with an iPhone application?

To deal with any type of files for my own APP, I use this configuration for CFBundleDocumentTypes:


Convert row to column header for Pandas DataFrame,

To rename the header without reassign df:

df.rename(columns=df.iloc[0], inplace = True)

To drop the row without reassign df:

df.drop(df.index[0], inplace = True)

Insert data to MySql DB and display if insertion is success or failure

According to the book PHP and MySQL for Dynamic Web Sites (4th edition)


$r = mysqli_query($dbc, $q);

For simple queries like INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, etc. (which do not return records), the $r variable—short for result—will be either TRUE or FALSE, depending upon whether the query executed successfully.

Keep in mind that “executed successfully” means that it ran without error; it doesn’t mean that the query’s execution necessarily had the desired result; you’ll need to test for that.

Then how to test?

While the mysqli_num_rows() function will return the number of rows generated by a SELECT query, mysqli_affected_rows() returns the number of rows affected by an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE query. It’s used like so:

$num = mysqli_affected_rows($dbc);

Unlike mysqli_num_rows(), the one argument the function takes is the database connection ($dbc), not the results of the previous query ($r).

Convert char array to single int?

There are mulitple ways of converting a string to an int.

Solution 1: Using Legacy C functionality

int main()
    //char hello[5];     
    //hello = "12345";   --->This wont compile

    char hello[] = "12345";

    Printf("My number is: %d", atoi(hello)); 

    return 0;

Solution 2: Using lexical_cast(Most Appropriate & simplest)

int x = boost::lexical_cast<int>("12345"); 

Solution 3: Using C++ Streams

std::string hello("123"); 
std::stringstream str(hello); 
int x;  
str >> x;  
if (!str) 
   // The conversion failed.      

Fastest way to determine if record exists

Nothing can beat -

SELECT TOP 1 1 FROM products WHERE id = 'some value';

You don't need to count to know if there is a data in table. And don't use alias when not necessary.

SVN repository backup strategies

There's a script available on the Subversion web site that's quite handy for automating backups.

Set style for TextView programmatically

I do not believe you can set the style programatically. To get around this you can create a template layout xml file with the style assigned, for example in res/layout create tvtemplate.xml as with the following content:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<TextView xmlns:android=""
        android:text="This is a template"
        style="@style/my_style" />

then inflate this to instantiate your new TextView:

TextView myText = (TextView)getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.tvtemplate, null);

Hope this helps.

How to test if a string is JSON or not?

I used this one (kind of mix of different answers, but anyway):

const isJSON = str => {_x000D_
  if (typeof str === 'string'){_x000D_
    try {_x000D_
      return true_x000D_
    } catch(e){_x000D_
  return false_x000D_
[null, undefined, false, true, [], {}, _x000D_
 '', 'asdf', '{}', '[]', "{\"abc\": 2}","{\"abc\": \"2\"}"]_x000D_
  .map(el => {_x000D_
      console.log(`[>${el}<] - ${isJSON(el)}`)_x000D_

Download a file from HTTPS using download.file()

Here's an update as of Nov 2014. I find that setting method='curl' did the trick for me (while method='auto', does not).

For example:

# does not work

# does not work. this appears to be the default anyway
              destfile='', method='auto')

# works!
              destfile='', method='curl')

jQuery validate Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property 'nodeName' of null

I ran into this issue when the number of <th> tags in the '' did not match the number of in the <tfoot> section

        <th>Subject Areas</th>



Command Prompt Error 'C:\Program' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file

I believe James Hunt's answer will solve the problem.

@user3731784: In your new message, the compiler seems to be confused because of the "C:\Program Files\IAR systems\Embedded Workbench 7.0\430\lib\dlib\d1430fn.h" argument. Why are you giving this header file at the middle of other compiler switches? Please correct this and try again. Also, it probably is a good idea to give the source file name after all the compiler switches and not at the beginning.

How do I make a simple makefile for gcc on Linux?

Interesting, I didn't know make would default to using the C compiler given rules regarding source files.

Anyway, a simple solution that demonstrates simple Makefile concepts would be:

HEADERS = program.h headers.h

default: program

program.o: program.c $(HEADERS)
    gcc -c program.c -o program.o

program: program.o
    gcc program.o -o program

    -rm -f program.o
    -rm -f program

(bear in mind that make requires tab instead of space indentation, so be sure to fix that when copying)

However, to support more C files, you'd have to make new rules for each of them. Thus, to improve:

HEADERS = program.h headers.h
OBJECTS = program.o

default: program

%.o: %.c $(HEADERS)
    gcc -c $< -o $@

program: $(OBJECTS)
    gcc $(OBJECTS) -o $@

    -rm -f $(OBJECTS)
    -rm -f program

I tried to make this as simple as possible by omitting variables like $(CC) and $(CFLAGS) that are usually seen in makefiles. If you're interested in figuring that out, I hope I've given you a good start on that.

Here's the Makefile I like to use for C source. Feel free to use it:

TARGET = prog
LIBS = -lm
CC = gcc
CFLAGS = -g -Wall

.PHONY: default all clean

default: $(TARGET)
all: default

OBJECTS = $(patsubst %.c, %.o, $(wildcard *.c))
HEADERS = $(wildcard *.h)

%.o: %.c $(HEADERS)
    $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c $< -o $@


    $(CC) $(OBJECTS) -Wall $(LIBS) -o $@

    -rm -f *.o
    -rm -f $(TARGET)

It uses the wildcard and patsubst features of the make utility to automatically include .c and .h files in the current directory, meaning when you add new code files to your directory, you won't have to update the Makefile. However, if you want to change the name of the generated executable, libraries, or compiler flags, you can just modify the variables.

In either case, don't use autoconf, please. I'm begging you! :)

How do I render a shadow?

I'm using Styled Components and created a helper function for myself.

It takes the given Android elevation and creates a fairly equivalent iOS shadow.


import { css } from 'styled-components/native';

 Shadows do not show up on iOS if `overflow: hidden` is used.

// eslint-disable-next-line import/prefer-default-export
export const crossPlatformElevation = (elevation: number = 0) => css`
  /* Android - native default is 4, we're setting to 0 to match iOS. */
  elevation: ${elevation};

  /* iOS - default is no shadow. Only add if above zero */
  ${elevation > 0
    && css`
      shadow-color: black;
      shadow-offset: 0px ${0.5 * elevation}px;
      shadow-opacity: 0.3;
      shadow-radius: ${0.8 * elevation}px;

To use

import styled from 'styled-components/native';
import { crossPlatformElevation } from "../../lib/stylingTools";

export const ContentContainer = styled.View`
  background: white;

Adding and removing style attribute from div with jquery

If you are using jQuery, use css to add CSS

$("#voltaic_holder").css({'position': 'absolute',
    'top': '-75px'});

To remove CSS attributes

$("#voltaic_holder").css({'position': '',
    'top': ''});

Xcode is not currently available from the Software Update server

Once you get the command line tools loaded as described by Nikos M in his excellent answer above you will need to agree to the gcc license and if you are using ruby gems you may need to link llvm-gcc as gcc-4.2.

If you do not do these the gem install will report "You have to install development tools first." after you have already installed them.

The steps are:

sudo gcc
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/llvm-gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.2

The gcc must be run once under sudo so Apple can update their license info, you don't need an input file, it will update the license before it checks its arguments. The link is needed so that ruby 1.9 can find the compiler when building certain gems, such as the debugger. This may be fixed in ruby 2.x, but I'll cross that bridge when I get there.

Vue.js toggle class on click

This answer relevant for Vue.js version 2

  class="initial " 
  v-bind:class="{ active: isActive }"
  <span class="wkday">M</span>

The rest of the answer by Douglas is still applicable (setting up the new Vue instance with isActive: false, etc).

Relevant docs: and

Draw path between two points using Google Maps Android API v2

Try below solution to draw path with animation and also get time and distance between two points.

public class DirectionHelper {

    public List<List<HashMap<String, String>>> parse(JSONObject jObject) {

        List<List<HashMap<String, String>>> routes = new ArrayList<>();
        JSONArray jRoutes;
        JSONArray jLegs;
        JSONArray jSteps;
        JSONObject jDistance = null;
        JSONObject jDuration = null;

        try {

            jRoutes = jObject.getJSONArray("routes");

            /** Traversing all routes */
            for (int i = 0; i < jRoutes.length(); i++) {
                jLegs = ((JSONObject) jRoutes.get(i)).getJSONArray("legs");
                List path = new ArrayList<>();

                /** Traversing all legs */
                for (int j = 0; j < jLegs.length(); j++) {

                    /** Getting distance from the json data */
                    jDistance = ((JSONObject) jLegs.get(j)).getJSONObject("distance");
                    HashMap<String, String> hmDistance = new HashMap<String, String>();
                    hmDistance.put("distance", jDistance.getString("text"));

                    /** Getting duration from the json data */
                    jDuration = ((JSONObject) jLegs.get(j)).getJSONObject("duration");
                    HashMap<String, String> hmDuration = new HashMap<String, String>();
                    hmDuration.put("duration", jDuration.getString("text"));

                    /** Adding distance object to the path */

                    /** Adding duration object to the path */

                    jSteps = ((JSONObject) jLegs.get(j)).getJSONArray("steps");

                    /** Traversing all steps */
                    for (int k = 0; k < jSteps.length(); k++) {
                        String polyline = "";
                        polyline = (String) ((JSONObject) ((JSONObject) jSteps.get(k)).get("polyline")).get("points");
                        List<LatLng> list = decodePoly(polyline);

                        /** Traversing all points */
                        for (int l = 0; l < list.size(); l++) {
                            HashMap<String, String> hm = new HashMap<>();
                            hm.put("lat", Double.toString((list.get(l)).latitude));
                            hm.put("lng", Double.toString((list.get(l)).longitude));

        } catch (JSONException e) {
        } catch (Exception e) {

        return routes;

    //Method to decode polyline points
    private List<LatLng> decodePoly(String encoded) {

        List<LatLng> poly = new ArrayList<>();
        int index = 0, len = encoded.length();
        int lat = 0, lng = 0;

        while (index < len) {
            int b, shift = 0, result = 0;
            do {
                b = encoded.charAt(index++) - 63;
                result |= (b & 0x1f) << shift;
                shift += 5;
            } while (b >= 0x20);
            int dlat = ((result & 1) != 0 ? ~(result >> 1) : (result >> 1));
            lat += dlat;

            shift = 0;
            result = 0;
            do {
                b = encoded.charAt(index++) - 63;
                result |= (b & 0x1f) << shift;
                shift += 5;
            } while (b >= 0x20);
            int dlng = ((result & 1) != 0 ? ~(result >> 1) : (result >> 1));
            lng += dlng;

            LatLng p = new LatLng((((double) lat / 1E5)),
                    (((double) lng / 1E5)));

        return poly;

public class GetPathFromLocation extends AsyncTask<String, Void, List<List<HashMap<String, String>>>> {

    private Context context;
    private String TAG = "GetPathFromLocation";
    private LatLng source, destination;
    private ArrayList<LatLng> wayPoint;
    private GoogleMap mMap;
    private boolean animatePath, repeatDrawingPath;
    private DirectionPointListener resultCallback;
    private ProgressDialog progressDialog;


    public GetPathFromLocation(Context context, LatLng source, LatLng destination, ArrayList<LatLng> wayPoint, GoogleMap mMap, boolean animatePath, boolean repeatDrawingPath, DirectionPointListener resultCallback) {
        this.context = context;
        this.source = source;
        this.destination = destination;
        this.wayPoint = wayPoint;
        this.mMap = mMap;
        this.animatePath = animatePath;
        this.repeatDrawingPath = repeatDrawingPath;
        this.resultCallback = resultCallback;

    synchronized public String getUrl(LatLng source, LatLng dest, ArrayList<LatLng> wayPoint) {

        String url = ""
                + source.latitude + "," + source.longitude + "&destination=" + dest.latitude + "," + dest.longitude;
        for (int centerPoint = 0; centerPoint < wayPoint.size(); centerPoint++) {
            if (centerPoint == 0) {
                url = url + "&waypoints=optimize:true|" + wayPoint.get(centerPoint).latitude + "," + wayPoint.get(centerPoint).longitude;
            } else {
                url = url + "|" + wayPoint.get(centerPoint).latitude + "," + wayPoint.get(centerPoint).longitude;
        url = url + "&key=" + context.getResources().getString(R.string.google_api_key);

        return url;

    public int getRandomColor() {
        Random rnd = new Random();
        return Color.argb(255, rnd.nextInt(256), rnd.nextInt(256), rnd.nextInt(256));

    protected void onPreExecute() {
        progressDialog = new ProgressDialog(context);
        progressDialog.setMessage("Please wait...");

    protected List<List<HashMap<String, String>>> doInBackground(String... url) {

        String data;

        try {
            InputStream inputStream = null;
            HttpURLConnection connection = null;
            try {
                URL directionUrl = new URL(getUrl(source, destination, wayPoint));
                connection = (HttpURLConnection) directionUrl.openConnection();
                inputStream = connection.getInputStream();

                BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));
                StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();

                String line = "";
                while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {

                data = stringBuffer.toString();

            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Exception : " + e.toString());
                return null;
            } finally {
            Log.e(TAG, "Background Task data : " + data);

            //Second AsyncTask

            JSONObject jsonObject;
            List<List<HashMap<String, String>>> routes = null;

            try {
                jsonObject = new JSONObject(data);
                // Starts parsing data
                DirectionHelper helper = new DirectionHelper();
                routes = helper.parse(jsonObject);
                Log.e(TAG, "Executing Routes : "/*, routes.toString()*/);

                return routes;

            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Exception in Executing Routes : " + e.toString());
                return null;

        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "Background Task Exception : " + e.toString());
            return null;

    protected void onPostExecute(List<List<HashMap<String, String>>> result) {

        if (progressDialog.isShowing()) {

        ArrayList<LatLng> points;
        PolylineOptions lineOptions = null;
        String distance = "";
        String duration = "";

        // Traversing through all the routes
        for (int i = 0; i < result.size(); i++) {
            points = new ArrayList<>();
            lineOptions = new PolylineOptions();

            // Fetching i-th route
            List<HashMap<String, String>> path = result.get(i);

            // Fetching all the points in i-th route
            for (int j = 0; j < path.size(); j++) {
                HashMap<String, String> point = path.get(j);

                if (j == 0) {    // Get distance from the list
                    distance = (String) point.get("distance");
                } else if (j == 1) { // Get duration from the list
                    duration = (String) point.get("duration");

                double lat = Double.parseDouble(point.get("lat"));
                double lng = Double.parseDouble(point.get("lng"));
                LatLng position = new LatLng(lat, lng);


            // Adding all the points in the route to LineOptions

            if (animatePath) {
                final ArrayList<LatLng> finalPoints = points;
                ((AppCompatActivity) context).runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        PolylineOptions polylineOptions;
                        final Polyline greyPolyLine, blackPolyline;
                        final ValueAnimator polylineAnimator;

                        LatLngBounds.Builder builder = new LatLngBounds.Builder();
                        for (LatLng latLng : finalPoints) {
                        polylineOptions = new PolylineOptions();
                        polylineOptions.startCap(new SquareCap());
                        polylineOptions.endCap(new SquareCap());
                        greyPolyLine = mMap.addPolyline(polylineOptions);

                        polylineOptions = new PolylineOptions();
                        polylineOptions.startCap(new SquareCap());
                        polylineOptions.endCap(new SquareCap());

                        blackPolyline = mMap.addPolyline(polylineOptions);
                        polylineAnimator = ValueAnimator.ofInt(0, 100);
                        polylineAnimator.setInterpolator(new LinearInterpolator());
                        polylineAnimator.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {
                            public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator valueAnimator) {
                                List<LatLng> points = greyPolyLine.getPoints();
                                int percentValue = (int) valueAnimator.getAnimatedValue();
                                int size = points.size();
                                int newPoints = (int) (size * (percentValue / 100.0f));
                                List<LatLng> p = points.subList(0, newPoints);

                        polylineAnimator.addListener(new Animator.AnimatorListener() {
                            public void onAnimationStart(Animator animation) {


                            public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                                if (repeatDrawingPath) {
                                    List<LatLng> greyLatLng = greyPolyLine.getPoints();
                                    if (greyLatLng != null) {


                            public void onAnimationCancel(Animator animation) {

                            public void onAnimationRepeat(Animator animation) {

            Log.e(TAG, "PolylineOptions Decoded");

        // Drawing polyline in the Google Map for the i-th route
        if (resultCallback != null && lineOptions != null)
            resultCallback.onPath(lineOptions, distance, duration);


public interface DirectionPointListener {
    public void onPath(PolylineOptions polyLine,String distance,String duration);

Now draw path using below code in your Activity

private GoogleMap mMap;
private ArrayList<LatLng> wayPoint = new ArrayList<>();
private SupportMapFragment mapFragment;

mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(;

    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap) {
        mMap = googleMap;

        mMap.setOnMapLoadedCallback(new GoogleMap.OnMapLoadedCallback() {
            public void onMapLoaded() {
                LatLngBounds.Builder builder = new LatLngBounds.Builder();

                /*Add Source Marker*/
                MarkerOptions markerOptions = new MarkerOptions();

                /*Add Destination Marker*/
                markerOptions = new MarkerOptions();

                LatLngBounds bounds =;

                int width = mapFragment.getView().getMeasuredWidth();
                int height = mapFragment.getView().getMeasuredHeight();
                int padding = (int) (width * 0.15); // offset from edges of the map 10% of screen

                CameraUpdate cu = CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngBounds(bounds, width, height, padding);


                new GetPathFromLocation(context, source, destination, wayPoint, mMap, true, false, new DirectionPointListener() {
                    public void onPath(PolylineOptions polyLine, String distance, String duration) {
                        Log.e(TAG, "onPath :: Distance :: " + distance + " Duration :: " + duration);

                        binding.txtDistance.setText(String.format(" %s", distance));
                        binding.txtDuration.setText(String.format(" %s", duration));


enter image description here

I hope this can help you!

Thank You.

Access Enum value using EL with JSTL

You have 3 choices here, none of which is perfect:

  1. You can use a scriptlet in the test attribute:

    <c:when test="<%= dp.getStatus() == Status.VALID %>">

    This uses the enum, but it also uses a scriptlet, which is not the "right way" in JSP 2.0. But most importantly, this doesn't work when you want to add another condition to the same when using ${}. And this means all the variables you want to test have to be declared in a scriptlet, or kept in request, or session (pageContext variable is not available in .tag files).

  2. You can compare against string:

    <c:when test="${dp.status == 'VALID'}">

    This looks clean, but you're introducing a string that duplicates the enum value and cannot be validated by the compiler. So if you remove that value from the enum or rename it, you will not see that this part of code is not accessible anymore. You basically have to do a search/replace through the code each time.

  3. You can add each of the enum values you use into the page context:

    <c:set var="VALID" value="<%=Status.VALID%>"/>

    and then you can do this:

    <c:when test="${dp.status == VALID}">

I prefer the last option (3), even though it also uses a scriptlet. This is because it only uses it when you set the value. Later on you can use it in more complex EL expressions, together with other EL conditions. While in option (1) you cannot use a scriptlet and an EL expression in the test attribute of a single when tag.

Delete all nodes and relationships in neo4j 1.8

Neo4j cannot delete nodes that have a relation. You have to delete the relations before you can delete the nodes.

But, it is simple way to delete "ALL" nodes and "ALL" relationships with a simple chyper. This is the code:


--> DETACH DELETE will remove all of the nodes and relations by Match

Automatically open Chrome developer tools when new tab/new window is opened

Under the Chrome DevTools settings you enable:

Under Network -> Preserve Log Under DevTools -> Auto-open DevTools for popups

Laravel eloquent update record without loading from database

Post::where('id',3)->update(['title'=>'Updated title']);

PostgreSQL error: Fatal: role "username" does not exist

For version Postgres 9.5 use following comand:

psql -h localhost -U postgres

Hope this will help.

CSS/HTML: Create a glowing border around an Input Field

You better use Twitter Bootstrap which contains all of this nice stuff inside. Particularly here is exactly what you want.

In addition, you can use different themes built for Twitter Bootstrap from this website

Where are shared preferences stored?

Use library to access your app's local storage with chrome inspect tools. You can find sharedPreference file under Local storage -> < your app's package name >

enter image description here

Export and import table dump (.sql) using pgAdmin

  1. In pgAdmin, select the required target schema in object tree (databases->your_db_name->schemas->your_target_schema)
  2. Click on Plugins/PSQL Console (in top-bar)
  3. Write \i /path/to/yourfile.sql
  4. Press enter

Excel 2010 VBA - Close file No Save without prompt

If you're not wanting to save changes set savechanges to false

    Sub CloseBook2()
        ActiveWorkbook.Close savechanges:=False
    End Sub

for more examples, and i believe in the past I've just used

    ActiveWorkbook.Close False

How do files get into the External Dependencies in Visual Studio C++?

The External Dependencies folder is populated by IntelliSense: the contents of the folder do not affect the build at all (you can in fact disable the folder in the UI).

You need to actually include the header (using a #include directive) to use it. Depending on what that header is, you may also need to add its containing folder to the "Additional Include Directories" property and you may need to add additional libraries and library folders to the linker options; you can set all of these in the project properties (right click the project, select Properties). You should compare the properties with those of the project that does build to determine what you need to add.

How to get all options in a drop-down list by Selenium WebDriver using C#?

Select select = new Select(driver.findElement("searchDropdownBox")));

select.getOptions();//will get all options as List<WebElement>

Create a unique number with javascript time

let now = new Date();
let timestamp = now.getFullYear().toString();
let month = now.getMonth() + 1;
timestamp += (month < 10 ? '0' : '') + month.toString();
timestamp += (now.getDate() < 10 ? '0' : '') + now.getDate().toString();
timestamp += (now.getHours() < 10 ? '0' : '') + now.getHours().toString();
timestamp += (now.getMinutes() < 10 ? '0' : '') + now.getMinutes().toString();
timestamp += (now.getSeconds() < 10 ? '0' : '') + now.getSeconds().toString();
timestamp += (now.getMilliseconds() < 100 ? '0' : '') + now.getMilliseconds().toString();

How do I rename all folders and files to lowercase on Linux?

Lengthy But "Works With No Surprises & No Installations"

This script handles filenames with spaces, quotes, other unusual characters and Unicode, works on case insensitive filesystems and most Unix-y environments that have bash and awk installed (i.e. almost all). It also reports collisions if any (leaving the filename in uppercase) and of course renames both files & directories and works recursively. Finally it's highly adaptable: you can tweak the find command to target the files/dirs you wish and you can tweak awk to do other name manipulations. Note that by "handles Unicode" I mean that it will indeed convert their case (not ignore them like answers that use tr).

# adapt the following command _IF_ you want to deal with specific files/dirs
find . -depth -mindepth 1 -exec bash -c '
  for file do
    # adapt the awk command if you wish to rename to something other than lowercase
    newname=$(dirname "$file")/$(basename "$file" | awk "{print tolower(\$0)}")
    if [ "$file" != "$newname" ] ; then
        # the extra step with the temp filename is for case-insensitive filesystems
        if [ ! -e "$newname" ] && [ ! -e "$newname.lcrnm.tmp" ] ; then
           mv -T "$file" "$newname.lcrnm.tmp" && mv -T "$newname.lcrnm.tmp" "$newname" 
           echo "ERROR: Name already exists: $newname"
' sh {} +


My script is based on these excellent answers:

How to convert a string to lower case in Bash?

What is InputStream & Output Stream? Why and when do we use them?

The goal of InputStream and OutputStream is to abstract different ways to input and output: whether the stream is a file, a web page, or the screen shouldn't matter. All that matters is that you receive information from the stream (or send information into that stream.)

InputStream is used for many things that you read from.

OutputStream is used for many things that you write to.

Here's some sample code. It assumes the InputStream instr and OutputStream osstr have already been created:

int i;

while ((i = != -1) {


What is the final version of the ADT Bundle?

You can also get an updated version of the Eclipse's ADT plugin (based on an unreleased 24.2.0 version) that I managed to patch and compile at

How can I select the row with the highest ID in MySQL?

This is the only proposed method who actually selects the whole row, not only the max(id) field. It uses a subquery

SELECT * FROM permlog WHERE id = ( SELECT MAX( id ) FROM permlog )

How to read barcodes with the camera on Android?

It's not built into the SDK, but you can use the Zxing library. It's free, open source, and Apache-licensed.

The 2016 recommendation is to use the Barcode API, which also works offline.

How do I set up curl to permanently use a proxy?

Many UNIX programs respect the http_proxy environment variable, curl included. The format curl accepts is [protocol://]<host>[:port].

In your shell configuration:

export http_proxy

For proxying HTTPS requests, set https_proxy as well.

Curl also allows you to set this in your .curlrc file (_curlrc on Windows), which you might consider more permanent:


__init__ and arguments in Python

In python you must always pass in at least one argument to class methods, the argument is self and it is not meaningless its a reference to the instance itself

How to use If Statement in Where Clause in SQL?

select * from xyz where (1=(CASE WHEN @AnnualFeeType = 'All' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) OR AnnualFeeType = @AnnualFeeType)

Optimal way to DELETE specified rows from Oracle

First, disabling the index during the deletion would be helpful.

Try with a MERGE INTO statement :
1) create a temp table with IDs and an additional column from TABLE1 and test with the following

MERGE INTO table1 src
         FROM test_merge_delete) tgt
ON ( =
     SET src.col1 = tgt.col1
   WHERE =

How to make war file in Eclipse

File -> Export -> Web -> WAR file

OR in Kepler follow as shown below :

enter image description here

What is the best way to declare global variable in Vue.js?

A possibility is to declare the variable at the index.html because it is really global. It can be done adding a javascript method to return the value of the variable, and it will be READ ONLY.

An example of this solution can be found at this answer:

Twitter Bootstrap inline input with dropdown

Search for the "datalist" tag.

<input list="texto_pronto" name="input_normal">
<datalist id="texto_pronto">
    <option value="texto A">
    <option value="texto B">

What is the difference between SQL, PL-SQL and T-SQL?


SQL is used to communicate with a database, it is the standard language for relational database management systems.

In detail Structured Query Language is a special-purpose programming language designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS).

Originally based upon relational algebra and tuple relational calculus, SQL consists of a data definition language and a data manipulation language. The scope of SQL includes data insert, query, update and delete, schema creation and modification, and data access control. Although SQL is often described as, and to a great extent is, a declarative language (4GL), it also includes procedural elements.


PL/SQL is a combination of SQL along with the procedural features of programming languages. It was developed by Oracle Corporation

Specialities of PL/SQL

  • completely portable, high-performance transaction-processing language.
  • provides a built-in interpreted and OS independent programming environment.
  • directly be called from the command-line SQL*Plus interface.
  • Direct call can also be made from external programming language calls to database.
  • general syntax is based on that of ADA and Pascal programming language.
  • Apart from Oracle, it is available in TimesTen in-memory database and IBM DB2.


Short for Transaction-SQL, an extended form of SQL that adds declared variables, transaction control, error and exceptionhandling and row processing to SQL

The Structured Query Language or SQL is a programming language that focuses on managing relational databases. SQL has its own limitations which spurred the software giant Microsoft to build on top of SQL with their own extensions to enhance the functionality of SQL. Microsoft added code to SQL and called it Transact-SQL or T-SQL. Keep in mind that T-SQL is proprietary and is under the control of Microsoft while SQL, although developed by IBM, is already an open format.

T-SQL adds a number of features that are not available in SQL.

This includes procedural programming elements and a local variable to provide more flexible control of how the application flows. A number of functions were also added to T-SQL to make it more powerful; functions for mathematical operations, string operations, date and time processing, and the like. These additions make T-SQL comply with the Turing completeness test, a test that determines the universality of a computing language. SQL is not Turing complete and is very limited in the scope of what it can do.

Another significant difference between T-SQL and SQL is the changes done to the DELETE and UPDATE commands that are already available in SQL. With T-SQL, the DELETE and UPDATE commands both allow the inclusion of a FROM clause which allows the use of JOINs. This simplifies the filtering of records to easily pick out the entries that match a certain criteria unlike with SQL where it can be a bit more complicated.

Choosing between T-SQL and SQL is all up to the user. Still, using T-SQL is still better when you are dealing with Microsoft SQL Server installations. This is because T-SQL is also from Microsoft, and using the two together maximizes compatibility. SQL is preferred by people who have multiple backends.

References , Wikipedea , Tutorial Points

Delete all files in directory (but not directory) - one liner solution

I think this will work (based on NonlinearFruit previous answer):

                .filter(item -> !item.getPath().equals("C:/test/ABC/"))


Vue.js - How to properly watch for nested data

How if you want to watch a property for a while and then to un-watch it?

Or to watch a library child component property?

You can use the "dynamic watcher":

 '', //what you want to watch
 (newVal, oldVal) => {
    //execute your code here

The $watch returns an unwatch function which will stop watching if it is called.

var unwatch = vm.$watch('a', cb)
// later, teardown the watcher

Also you can use the deep option:

'someObject', () => {
    //execute your code here
{ deep: true }

Please make sure to take a look to docs

How to attach a file using mail command on Linux?

My answer needs base64 in addition to mail, but some uuencode versions can also do base64 with -m, or you can forget about mime and use the plain uuencode output...

   [email protected]
   [email protected]
   SUBJECT="Auto emailed"
   MIME="application/x-gzip"  # Adjust this to the proper mime-type of file

   (cat <<EOF
    From: $FROM
    Subject: $SUBJECT
    Date: $(date +"%a, %b %e %Y %T %z")
    Mime-Version: 1.0
    Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="$boundary"
    Content-Disposition: inline

    Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
    Content-Disposition: inline

    This email has attached the file

    Content-Type: $MIME;name="$FILE"
    Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="$FILE"
    Content-Transfer-Encoding: $ENCODING

    base64 $FILE
    echo ""
    echo "--$boundary" ) | mail

How can I get the full/absolute URL (with domain) in Django?

Examine Request.META dictionary that comes in. I think it has server name and server port.

Check if date is in the past Javascript

function isPrevDate() {
    alert("startDate is " + Startdate);
    if(Startdate.length != 0 && Startdate !='') {
        var start_date = Startdate.split('-');
        alert("Input date: "+ start_date);
        alert("start date arrray format " + start_date);
        var a = new Date(start_date);
        //alert("The date is a" +a);
        var today = new Date();
        var day = today.getDate();
        var mon = today.getMonth()+1;
        var year = today.getFullYear();
        today = (mon+"/"+day+"/"+year);
        var today = new Date(today);
        alert("Today: "+today.getTime());
        alert("a : "+a.getTime());
        if(today.getTime() > a.getTime() )
            alert("Please select Start date in range");
            return false;
        } else {
            return true;

Right Align button in horizontal LinearLayout





This will solve your problem

How does createOrReplaceTempView work in Spark?

createOrReplaceTempView creates (or replaces if that view name already exists) a lazily evaluated "view" that you can then use like a hive table in Spark SQL. It does not persist to memory unless you cache the dataset that underpins the view.

scala> val s = Seq(1,2,3).toDF("num")
s: org.apache.spark.sql.DataFrame = [num: int]

scala> s.createOrReplaceTempView("nums")

scala> spark.table("nums")
res22: org.apache.spark.sql.DataFrame = [num: int]

scala> spark.table("nums").cache
res23: org.apache.spark.sql.Dataset[org.apache.spark.sql.Row] = [num: int]

scala> spark.table("nums").count
res24: Long = 3

The data is cached fully only after the .count call. Here's proof it's been cached:

Cached nums temp view/table

Related SO: spark createOrReplaceTempView vs createGlobalTempView

Relevant quote (comparing to persistent table): "Unlike the createOrReplaceTempView command, saveAsTable will materialize the contents of the DataFrame and create a pointer to the data in the Hive metastore." from

Note : createOrReplaceTempView was formerly registerTempTable

Javascript onclick hide div

If you want to close it you can either hide it or remove it from the page. To hide it you would do some javascript like: = 'none';

To remove it you use removeChild


If you had a library like jQuery included then hiding or removing the div would be slightly easier:


One other thing, as your img is in an anchor the onclick event on the anchor is going to fire as well. As the href is set to # then the page will scroll back to the top of the page. Generally it is good practice that if you want a link to do something other than go to its href you should set the onclick event to return false;

The simplest way to comma-delimit a list?

I like this solution:

String delim = " - ", string = "";

for (String item : myCollection)
    string += delim + item;

string = string.substring(delim.length());

I assume it can make use of StringBuilder too.

How to center body on a page?

For those that do know the width, you could do something like

div {
     max-width: ???px; //px,%

I also agree about not setting text-align:center on the body because it can mess up the rest of your code and you might have to individually set text-align:left on a lot of things either then or in the future.