Programs & Examples On #Constant expression

Constant expressions can be evaluated at compile time.

Using PowerShell to write a file in UTF-8 without the BOM

Starting from version 6 powershell supports the UTF8NoBOM encoding both for set-content and out-file and even uses this as default encoding.

So in the above example it should simply be like this:

$MyFile | Out-File -Encoding UTF8NoBOM $MyPath

How can I capitalize the first letter of each word in a string using JavaScript?

In ECMAScript 6, a one-line answer using the arrow function:

const captialize = words => words.split(' ').map( w =>  w.substring(0,1).toUpperCase()+ w.substring(1)).join(' ')

Xcode process launch failed: Security

Updated answer for Xcode 7: Tapping the app no longer works (as of beta 1 it just displays an "untrusted enterprise developer" message with only a Dismiss button).

To fix, open the Settings app, go to General / Profiles, and you'll see your profile. Mark it trusted and things should start working normally again.

Updated For iOS 9.2.1 and Xcode 7.2.1:

Goto: Settings > General > Device Management > Select App from Developer Apps > Trust App.

Using jQuery to compare two arrays of Javascript objects

The nice one liner from Sudhakar R as jQuery global method.

/**
 * Compare two arrays if they are equal even if they have different order.
 *
 * @link https://stackoverflow.com/a/7726509
 */
jQuery.extend({
  /**
   * @param {array} a
   *   First array to compare.
   * @param {array} b
   *   Second array to compare.
   * @return {boolean}
   *   True if both arrays are equal, otherwise false.
   */
  arrayCompare: function (a, b) {
    return $(a).not(b).get().length === 0 && $(b).not(a).get().length === 0;
  }
});

How to resize images proportionally / keeping the aspect ratio?

2 Steps:

Step 1) calculate the ratio of the original width / original height of Image.

Step 2) multiply the original_width/original_height ratio by the new desired height to get the new width corresponding to the new height.

CSS3 100vh not constant in mobile browser

Look at this answer: https://css-tricks.com/the-trick-to-viewport-units-on-mobile/

_x000D_
_x000D_
// First we get the viewport height and we multiple it by 1% to get a value for a vh unit_x000D_
let vh = window.innerHeight * 0.01;_x000D_
// Then we set the value in the --vh custom property to the root of the document_x000D_
document.documentElement.style.setProperty('--vh', `${vh}px`);_x000D_
_x000D_
// We listen to the resize event_x000D_
window.addEventListener('resize', () => {_x000D_
  // We execute the same script as before_x000D_
  let vh = window.innerHeight * 0.01;_x000D_
  document.documentElement.style.setProperty('--vh', `${vh}px`);_x000D_
});
_x000D_
body {_x000D_
  background-color: #333;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.module {_x000D_
  height: 100vh; /* Use vh as a fallback for browsers that do not support Custom Properties */_x000D_
  height: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * 100);_x000D_
  margin: 0 auto;_x000D_
  max-width: 30%;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.module__item {_x000D_
  align-items: center;_x000D_
  display: flex;_x000D_
  height: 20%;_x000D_
  justify-content: center;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.module__item:nth-child(odd) {_x000D_
  background-color: #fff;_x000D_
  color: #F73859;_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
.module__item:nth-child(even) {_x000D_
  background-color: #F73859;_x000D_
  color: #F1D08A;_x000D_
}
_x000D_
<div class="module">_x000D_
  <div class="module__item">20%</div>_x000D_
  <div class="module__item">40%</div>_x000D_
  <div class="module__item">60%</div>_x000D_
  <div class="module__item">80%</div>_x000D_
  <div class="module__item">100%</div>_x000D_
</div>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

Confused by python file mode "w+"

Both seems to be working same but there is a catch.

r+ :-

  • Open the file for Reading and Writing
  • Once Opened in the beginning file pointer will point to 0
  • Now if you will want to Read then it will start reading from beginning
  • if you want to Write then start writing, But the write process will begin from pointer 0. So there would be overwrite of characters, if there is any
  • In this case File should be present, either will FileNotFoundError will be raised.

w+ :-

  • Open the file for Reading and Writing
  • If file exist, File will be opened and all data will be erased,
  • If file does not exist, then new file will be created
  • In the beginning file pointer will point to 0 (as there is not data)
  • Now if you want to write something, then write
  • File pointer will be Now pointing to end of file (after write process)
  • If you want to read the data now, seek to specific point. (for beginning seek(0))

So, Overall saying both are meant to open the file to read and write but difference is whether we want to erase the data in the beginning and then do read/write or just start as it is.

abc.txt - in beginning

1234567
abcdefg
0987654
1234

Code for r+

with open('abc.txt', 'r+') as f:      # abc.txt should exist before opening
    print(f.tell())                   # Should give ==> 0
    f.write('abcd')                   
    print(f.read())                   # Pointer is pointing to index 3 => 4th position
    f.write('Sunny')                  # After read pointer is at End of file

Output

0
567
abcdefg
0987654
1234

abc.txt - After Run:

abcd567
abcdefg
0987654
1234Sunny

Resetting abc.txt as initial

Code for w+

with open('abc.txt', 'w+') as f:     
    print(f.tell())                   # Should give ==> 0
    f.write('abcd')                   
    print(f.read())                   # Pointer is pointing to index 3 => 4th position
    f.write('Sunny')                  # After read pointer is at End of file

Output

0


abc.txt - After Run:

abcdSunny

Why maven settings.xml file is not there?

settings.xml is not required (and thus not autocreated in ~/.m2 folder) unless you want to change the default settings.

Standalone maven and the maven in eclipse will use the same local repository (~/.m2 folder). This means if some artifacts/dependencies are downloaded by standalone maven, it will not be again downloaded by maven in eclipse.

Based on the version of Eclipse that you use, you may have different maven version in eclipse compared to the standalone. It should not matter in most cases.

Difference between string and text in rails?

If you are using postgres use text wherever you can, unless you have a size constraint since there is no performance penalty for text vs varchar

There is no performance difference among these three types, apart from increased storage space when using the blank-padded type, and a few extra CPU cycles to check the length when storing into a length-constrained column. While character(n) has performance advantages in some other database systems, there is no such advantage in PostgreSQL; in fact character(n) is usually the slowest of the three because of its additional storage costs. In most situations text or character varying should be used instead

PostsgreSQL manual

How to create a file in Ruby

You can also use constants instead of strings to specify the mode you want. The benefit is if you make a typo in a constant name, your program will raise an runtime exception.

The constants are File::RDONLY or File::WRONLY or File::CREAT. You can also combine them if you like.

Full description of file open modes on ruby-doc.org

What is the behavior of integer division?

Where the result is negative, C truncates towards 0 rather than flooring - I learnt this reading about why Python integer division always floors here: Why Python's Integer Division Floors

Can't use Swift classes inside Objective-C

For Swift 5:

  1. Add the @objc keyword to your class and methods
  2. Add public keyword to your class and methods
  3. Let your class inherit from NSObject
  4. Build Project
  5. Put #import "MyProject-Swift.h" in your Objective-C file

    @objc
    public class MyClass: NSObject {
    
        @objc
        public func myMethod() {
    
        }
    }
    

Difference between Ctrl+Shift+F and Ctrl+I in Eclipse

Ctrl+Shift+F formats the selected line(s) or the whole source code if you haven't selected any line(s) as per the format specified in your Eclipse, while Ctrl+I gives proper indent to the selected line(s) or the current line if you haven't selected any line(s). try this. or more precisely

The Ant editor that ships with Eclipse can be used to reformat

XML/XHTML/HTML code (with a few configuration options in Window > Preferences > Ant > Editor).

You can right-click a file then

Open With... > Other... > Internal Editors > Ant Editor

Or add a file association between .html (or .xhtml) and that editor with

Window > Preferences > General > Editors > File Associations

Once open in the editor, hit ESC then CTRL-F to reformat.

Laravel 5.2 redirect back with success message

One way to do that is sending the message in the session like this:

Controller:

return redirect()->back()->with('success', 'IT WORKS!');

View:

@if (session()->has('success'))
    <h1>{{ session('success') }}</h1>
@endif

And other way to do that is just creating the session and put the text in the view directly:

Controller:

return redirect()->back()->with('success', true);

View:

@if (session()->has('success'))
    <h1>IT WORKS!</h1>
@endif

You can check the full documentation here: Redirecting With Flashed Session Data

I hope it is very helpful, regards.

How to get previous month and year relative to today, using strtotime and date?

date("m-Y", strtotime("-1 months")); 

would solve this

How to use Python to login to a webpage and retrieve cookies for later usage?

import urllib, urllib2, cookielib

username = 'myuser'
password = 'mypassword'

cj = cookielib.CookieJar()
opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj))
login_data = urllib.urlencode({'username' : username, 'j_password' : password})
opener.open('http://www.example.com/login.php', login_data)
resp = opener.open('http://www.example.com/hiddenpage.php')
print resp.read()

resp.read() is the straight html of the page you want to open, and you can use opener to view any page using your session cookie.

Comparing two dictionaries and checking how many (key, value) pairs are equal

A simple compare with == should be enough nowadays (python 3.8). Even when you compare the same dicts in a different order (last example). The best thing is, you don't need a third-party package to accomplish this.

a = {'one': 'dog', 'two': 'cat', 'three': 'mouse'}
b = {'one': 'dog', 'two': 'cat', 'three': 'mouse'}

c = {'one': 'dog', 'two': 'cat', 'three': 'mouse'}
d = {'one': 'dog', 'two': 'cat', 'three': 'mouse', 'four': 'fish'}

e = {'one': 'cat', 'two': 'dog', 'three': 'mouse'}
f = {'one': 'dog', 'two': 'cat', 'three': 'mouse'}

g = {'two': 'cat', 'one': 'dog', 'three': 'mouse'}
h = {'one': 'dog', 'two': 'cat', 'three': 'mouse'}


print(a == b) # True
print(c == d) # False
print(e == f) # False
print(g == h) # True

PHP upload image

<?php

$filename=$_FILES['file']['name'];
$filetype=$_FILES['file']['type'];
if($filetype=='image/jpeg' or $filetype=='image/png' or $filetype=='image/gif')
{
move_uploaded_file($_FILES['file']['tmp_name'],'dir_name/'.$filename);
$filepath="dir_name`enter code here`/".$filename;
}

?> 

How can I split a string into segments of n characters?

Here's a way to do it without regular expressions or explicit loops, although it's stretching the definition of a one liner a bit:

const input = 'abcdefghijlkm';

// Change `3` to the desired split length.
const output = input.split('').reduce((s, c) => {let l = s.length-1; (s[l] && s[l].length < 3) ? s[l] += c : s.push(c); return s;}, []);

console.log(output);  // output: [ 'abc', 'def', 'ghi', 'jlk', 'm' ]

It works by splitting the string into an array of individual characters, then using Array.reduce to iterate over each character. Normally reduce would return a single value, but in this case the single value happens to be an array, and as we pass over each character we append it to the last item in that array. Once the last item in the array reaches the target length, we append a new array item.

How to add a new column to an existing sheet and name it?

Use insert method from range, for example

Sub InsertColumn()
        Columns("C:C").Insert Shift:=xlToRight, CopyOrigin:=xlFormatFromLeftOrAbove
        Range("C1").Value = "Loc"
End Sub

Validation of radio button group using jQuery validation plugin

I had the same problem. Wound up just writing a custom highlight and unhighlight function for the validator. Adding this to the validaton options should add the error class to the element and its respective label:

        'highlight': function (element, errorClass, validClass) {
            if($(element).attr('type') == 'radio'){
                $(element.form).find("input[type=radio]").each(function(which){
                    $(element.form).find("label[for=" + this.id + "]").addClass(errorClass);
                    $(this).addClass(errorClass);
                });
            } else {
                $(element.form).find("label[for=" + element.id + "]").addClass(errorClass);
                $(element).addClass(errorClass);
            }
        },
        'unhighlight': function (element, errorClass, validClass) {
            if($(element).attr('type') == 'radio'){
                $(element.form).find("input[type=radio]").each(function(which){
                    $(element.form).find("label[for=" + this.id + "]").removeClass(errorClass);
                    $(this).removeClass(errorClass);
                });
            }else {
                $(element.form).find("label[for=" + element.id + "]").removeClass(errorClass);
                $(element).removeClass(errorClass);
            }
        },

Force unmount of NFS-mounted directory

You might try a lazy unmount:

umount -l

Can I have multiple :before pseudo-elements for the same element?

If your main element has some child elements or text, you could make use of it.

Position your main element relative (or absolute/fixed) and use both :before and :after positioned absolute (in my situation it had to be absolute, don't know about your's).

Now if you want one more pseudo-element, attach an absolute :before to one of the main element's children (if you have only text, put it in a span, now you have an element), which is not relative/absolute/fixed.

This element will start acting like his owner is your main element.

HTML

<div class="circle">
    <span>Some text</span>
</div>

CSS

.circle {
    position: relative; /* or absolute/fixed */
}

.circle:before {
    position: absolute;
    content: "";
    /* more styles: width, height, etc */
}

.circle:after {
    position: absolute;
    content: "";
    /* more styles: width, height, etc */
}

.circle span {
    /* not relative/absolute/fixed */
}

.circle span:before {
    position: absolute;
    content: "";
    /* more styles: width, height, etc */
}

Add content to a new open window

in parent.html:

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(document).ready(function () {
        var output = "data";
        var OpenWindow = window.open("child.html", "mywin", '');
        OpenWindow.dataFromParent = output; // dataFromParent is a variable in child.html
        OpenWindow.init();
    });
</script>

in child.html:

<script type="text/javascript">
    var dataFromParent;    
    function init() {
        document.write(dataFromParent);
    }
</script>

How to append in a json file in Python?

json_obj=json.dumps(a_dict, ensure_ascii=False)

Transfer data from one database to another database

These solutions are working in case when target database is blank. In case when both databases already have some data you need something more complicated http://byalexblog.net/merge-sql-databases

How can I get log4j to delete old rotating log files?

There is no default value to control deleting old log files created by DailyRollingFileAppender. But you can write your own custom Appender that deletes old log files in much the same way as setting maxBackupIndex does for RollingFileAppender.

Simple instructions found here

From 1:

If you are trying to use the Apache Log4J DailyRollingFileAppender for a daily log file, you may need to want to specify the maximum number of files which should be kept. Just like rolling RollingFileAppender supports maxBackupIndex. But the current version of Log4j (Apache log4j 1.2.16) does not provide any mechanism to delete old log files if you are using DailyRollingFileAppender. I tried to make small modifications in the original version of DailyRollingFileAppender to add maxBackupIndex property. So, it would be possible to clean up old log files which may not be required for future usage.

Accessing the index in 'for' loops?

Old fashioned way:

for ix in range(len(ints)):
    print ints[ix]

List comprehension:

[ (ix, ints[ix]) for ix in range(len(ints))]

>>> ints
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
>>> for ix in range(len(ints)): print ints[ix]
... 
1
2
3
4
5
>>> [ (ix, ints[ix]) for ix in range(len(ints))]
[(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 4), (4, 5)]
>>> lc = [ (ix, ints[ix]) for ix in range(len(ints))]
>>> for tup in lc:
...     print tup
... 
(0, 1)
(1, 2)
(2, 3)
(3, 4)
(4, 5)
>>> 

What do &lt; and &gt; stand for?

&lt; stands for lesser than (<) symbol and, the &gt; sign stands for greater than (>) symbol.

For more information on HTML Entities, visit this link:

https://www.w3schools.com/HTML/html_entities.asp

How to enable Logger.debug() in Log4j

Here's a quick one-line hack that I occasionally use to temporarily turn on log4j debug logging in a JUnit test:

Logger.getRootLogger().setLevel(Level.DEBUG);

or if you want to avoid adding imports:

org.apache.log4j.Logger.getRootLogger().setLevel(
      org.apache.log4j.Level.DEBUG);

Note: this hack doesn't work in log4j2 because setLevel has been removed from the API, and there doesn't appear to be equivalent functionality.

syntax error near unexpected token `('

Try

sudo -su db2inst1 /opt/ibm/db2/V9.7/bin/db2 force application \(1995\)

Spring boot - configure EntityManager

With Spring Boot its not necessary to have any config file like persistence.xml. You can configure with annotations Just configure your DB config for JPA in the

application.properties

spring.datasource.driverClassName=oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:oracle:thin:@DB...
spring.datasource.username=username
spring.datasource.password=pass

spring.jpa.database-platform=org.hibernate.dialect....
spring.jpa.show-sql=true

Then you can use CrudRepository provided by Spring where you have standard CRUD transaction methods. There you can also implement your own SQL's like JPQL.

@Transactional
public interface ObjectRepository extends CrudRepository<Object, Long> {
...
}

And if you still need to use the Entity Manager you can create another class.

public class ObjectRepositoryImpl implements ObjectCustomMethods{

    @PersistenceContext
    private EntityManager em;

}

This should be in your pom.xml

<parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.5.RELEASE</version>
</parent>

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
        <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
        <version>4.3.11.Final</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Difference between rake db:migrate db:reset and db:schema:load

As far as I understand, it is going to drop your database and re-create it based on your db/schema.rb file. That is why you need to make sure that your schema.rb file is always up to date and under version control.

How can I pad an integer with zeros on the left?

Check my code that will work for integer and String.

Assume our first number is 2. And we want to add zeros to that so the the length of final string will be 4. For that you can use following code

    int number=2;
    int requiredLengthAfterPadding=4;
    String resultString=Integer.toString(number);
    int inputStringLengh=resultString.length();
    int diff=requiredLengthAfterPadding-inputStringLengh;
    if(inputStringLengh<requiredLengthAfterPadding)
    {
        resultString=new String(new char[diff]).replace("\0", "0")+number;
    }        
    System.out.println(resultString);

How do I get the current username in .NET using C#?

Use:

System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name

That will be the logon name.

MySQL - length() vs char_length()

LENGTH() returns the length of the string measured in bytes.
CHAR_LENGTH() returns the length of the string measured in characters.

This is especially relevant for Unicode, in which most characters are encoded in two bytes. Or UTF-8, where the number of bytes varies. For example:

select length(_utf8 '€'), char_length(_utf8 '€')
--> 3, 1

As you can see the Euro sign occupies 3 bytes (it's encoded as 0xE282AC in UTF-8) even though it's only one character.

For a boolean field, what is the naming convention for its getter/setter?

As a setter, how about:

// setter
public void beCurrent(boolean X) {
    this.isCurrent = X;
}

or

// setter
public void makeCurrent(boolean X) {
    this.isCurrent = X;
}

I'm not sure if these naming make sense to native English speakers.

Copy file or directories recursively in Python

I suggest you first call shutil.copytree, and if an exception is thrown, then retry with shutil.copy.

import shutil, errno

def copyanything(src, dst):
    try:
        shutil.copytree(src, dst)
    except OSError as exc: # python >2.5
        if exc.errno == errno.ENOTDIR:
            shutil.copy(src, dst)
        else: raise

Line continue character in C#

If you declared different variables then use following simple method:

Int salary=2000;

String abc="I Love Pakistan";

Double pi=3.14;

Console.Writeline=salary+"/n"+abc+"/n"+pi;
Console.readkey();

How can I mock an ES6 module import using Jest?

I've been able to solve this by using a hack involving import *. It even works for both named and default exports!

For a named export:

// dependency.js
export const doSomething = (y) => console.log(y)

// myModule.js
import { doSomething } from './dependency';

export default (x) => {
  doSomething(x * 2);
}

// myModule-test.js
import myModule from '../myModule';
import * as dependency from '../dependency';

describe('myModule', () => {
  it('calls the dependency with double the input', () => {
    dependency.doSomething = jest.fn(); // Mutate the named export

    myModule(2);

    expect(dependency.doSomething).toBeCalledWith(4);
  });
});

Or for a default export:

// dependency.js
export default (y) => console.log(y)

// myModule.js
import dependency from './dependency'; // Note lack of curlies

export default (x) => {
  dependency(x * 2);
}

// myModule-test.js
import myModule from '../myModule';
import * as dependency from '../dependency';

describe('myModule', () => {
  it('calls the dependency with double the input', () => {
    dependency.default = jest.fn(); // Mutate the default export

    myModule(2);

    expect(dependency.default).toBeCalledWith(4); // Assert against the default
  });
});

As Mihai Damian quite rightly pointed out below, this is mutating the module object of dependency, and so it will 'leak' across to other tests. So if you use this approach you should store the original value and then set it back again after each test.

To do this easily with Jest, use the spyOn() method instead of jest.fn(), because it supports easily restoring its original value, therefore avoiding before mentioned 'leaking'.

How to print instances of a class using print()?

A prettier version of response by @user394430

class Element:
    def __init__(self, name, symbol, number):
        self.name = name
        self.symbol = symbol
        self.number = number

    def __str__(self):
        return  str(self.__class__) + '\n'+ '\n'.join(('{} = {}'.format(item, self.__dict__[item]) for item in self.__dict__))

elem = Element('my_name', 'some_symbol', 3)
print(elem)

Produces visually nice list of the names and values.

<class '__main__.Element'>
name = my_name
symbol = some_symbol
number = 3

An even fancier version (thanks Ruud) sorts the items:

def __str__(self):
    return  str(self.__class__) + '\n' + '\n'.join((str(item) + ' = ' + str(self.__dict__[item]) for item in sorted(self.__dict__)))

The value violated the integrity constraints for the column

It's as the error message says "The value violated the integrity constraints for the column" for column "Copy of F2"

Make it so it doesn't violate the value in the target table. What the allowable values are, data types, etc are not provided in your question so we cannot be more specific in answering.

To address the downvote, No, really it's as it says: you are putting something into a column that is not allowed. It could be Faizan points out, that you're putting a NULL into a NOT NULLable column, but it could be a whole host of other things and as the original poster never provided any update, we're left to guess. Was there a foreign key constraint that the insert violated? Maybe there's a check constraint that got blown? Maybe the source column in Excel has a valid date value for Excel that is not valid for the target column's date/time data type.

Thus, baring concrete information, the best possible answer is "don't do the thing that breaks it" In this case, something about "Copy of F2" is bad for the target column. Give us table definitions, supplied values, etc, then you can specific answers.

Telling people to make a NOT NULLable column into a NULLable one might be the right answer. It might also be the most horrific answer known to mankind. If an existing process expects there to always be a value in column "Copy of F2" changing the constraint to NULL can wreak havoc on existing queries. For example

SELECT * FROM ArbitraryTable AS T WHERE T.[Copy of F2] = '';

Currently, that query retrieves everything that was freshly imported because Copy of F2 is a poorly named status indicator. That data needs to get fed into the next system so... bills can get paid. As soon as you make it such that unprocessed rows can have a NULL value, the above query no longer satisfies that. Bills don't get paid, collections repos your building and now you're out of a job, all because you didn't do impact analysis, etc, etc.

How do I print bold text in Python?

Check out colorama. It doesn't necessarily help with bolding... but you can do colorized output on both Windows and Linux, and control the brightness:

from colorama import *
init(autoreset=True)
print Fore.RED + 'some red text'
print Style.BRIGHT + Fore.RED + 'some bright red text'

How to verify if $_GET exists?

You can use the array_key_exists() built-in function:

if (array_key_exists('id', $_GET)) {
    echo $_GET['id'];
}

or the isset() built-in function:

if (isset($_GET['id'])) {
    echo $_GET['id'];
}

How to send a “multipart/form-data” POST in Android with Volley

A very simple approach for the dev who just want to send POST parameters in multipart request.

Make the following changes in class which extends Request.java

First define these constants :

String BOUNDARY = "s2retfgsGSRFsERFGHfgdfgw734yhFHW567TYHSrf4yarg"; //This the boundary which is used by the server to split the post parameters.
String MULTIPART_FORMDATA = "multipart/form-data;boundary=" + BOUNDARY;

Add a helper function to create a post body for you :

private String createPostBody(Map<String, String> params) {
        StringBuilder sbPost = new StringBuilder();
        if (params != null) {
            for (String key : params.keySet()) {
                if (params.get(key) != null) {
                    sbPost.append("\r\n" + "--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
                    sbPost.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + key + "\"" + "\r\n\r\n");
                    sbPost.append(params.get(key).toString());
                }
            }
        }
        return sbPost.toString();
    } 

Override getBody() and getBodyContentType

public String getBodyContentType() {
    return MULTIPART_FORMDATA;
}

public byte[] getBody() throws AuthFailureError {
        return createPostBody(getParams()).getBytes();
}

Android: No Activity found to handle Intent error? How it will resolve

in my case, i was sure that the action is correct, but i was passing wrong URL, i passed the website link without the http:// in it's beginning, so it caused the same issue, here is my manifest (part of it)

<activity
        android:name=".MyBrowser"
        android:label="MyBrowser Activity" >
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
            <action android:name="com.dsociety.activities.MyBrowser" />

            <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />

            <data android:scheme="http" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>

when i code the following, the same Exception is thrown at run time :

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction("com.dsociety.activities.MyBrowser");
intent.setData(Uri.parse("www.google.com"));    // should be http://www.google.com
startActivity(intent);

How to redirect back to form with input - Laravel 5

$request->flash('request',$request);

<input type="text" class="form-control" name="name" value="{{ old('name') }}">

It works for me.

Download image with JavaScript

The problem is that jQuery doesn't trigger the native click event for <a> elements so that navigation doesn't happen (the normal behavior of an <a>), so you need to do that manually. For almost all other scenarios, the native DOM event is triggered (at least attempted to - it's in a try/catch).

To trigger it manually, try:

var a = $("<a>")
    .attr("href", "http://i.stack.imgur.com/L8rHf.png")
    .attr("download", "img.png")
    .appendTo("body");

a[0].click();

a.remove();

DEMO: http://jsfiddle.net/HTggQ/

Relevant line in current jQuery source: https://github.com/jquery/jquery/blob/1.11.1/src/event.js#L332

if ( (!special._default || special._default.apply( eventPath.pop(), data ) === false) &&
        jQuery.acceptData( elem ) ) {

How do I preserve line breaks when getting text from a textarea?

You could set width of div using Javascript and add white-space:pre-wrap to p tag, this break your textarea content at end of each line.

_x000D_
_x000D_
document.querySelector("button").onclick = function gt(){_x000D_
var card = document.createElement('div');_x000D_
card.style.width = "160px";_x000D_
card.style.background = "#eee";_x000D_
var post = document.createElement('p');_x000D_
var postText = document.getElementById('post-text').value;_x000D_
post.style.whiteSpace = "pre-wrap";_x000D_
card.append(post);_x000D_
post.append(postText);_x000D_
document.body.append(card);_x000D_
}
_x000D_
<textarea id="post-text" class="form-control" rows="3" placeholder="What's up?" required>_x000D_
Group Schedule:_x000D_
_x000D_
Tuesday practice @ 5th floor (8pm - 11 pm)_x000D_
_x000D_
Thursday practice @ 5th floor (8pm - 11 pm)_x000D_
_x000D_
Sunday practice @ (9pm - 12 am)</textarea>_x000D_
<br><br>_x000D_
<button>Copy!!</button>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

Delete the first three rows of a dataframe in pandas

df.drop(df.index[[0,2]])

Pandas uses zero based numbering, so 0 is the first row, 1 is the second row and 2 is the third row.

How to use multiple @RequestMapping annotations in spring?

From my test (spring 3.0.5), @RequestMapping(value={"", "/"}) - only "/" works, "" does not. However I found out this works: @RequestMapping(value={"/", " * "}), the " * " matches anything, so it will be the default handler in case no others.

pyplot axes labels for subplots

Wen-wei Liao's answer is good if you are not trying to export vector graphics or that you have set up your matplotlib backends to ignore colorless axes; otherwise the hidden axes would show up in the exported graphic.

My answer suplabel here is similar to the fig.suptitle which uses the fig.text function. Therefore there is no axes artist being created and made colorless. However, if you try to call it multiple times you will get text added on top of each other (as fig.suptitle does too). Wen-wei Liao's answer doesn't, because fig.add_subplot(111) will return the same Axes object if it is already created.

My function can also be called after the plots have been created.

def suplabel(axis,label,label_prop=None,
             labelpad=5,
             ha='center',va='center'):
    ''' Add super ylabel or xlabel to the figure
    Similar to matplotlib.suptitle
    axis       - string: "x" or "y"
    label      - string
    label_prop - keyword dictionary for Text
    labelpad   - padding from the axis (default: 5)
    ha         - horizontal alignment (default: "center")
    va         - vertical alignment (default: "center")
    '''
    fig = pylab.gcf()
    xmin = []
    ymin = []
    for ax in fig.axes:
        xmin.append(ax.get_position().xmin)
        ymin.append(ax.get_position().ymin)
    xmin,ymin = min(xmin),min(ymin)
    dpi = fig.dpi
    if axis.lower() == "y":
        rotation=90.
        x = xmin-float(labelpad)/dpi
        y = 0.5
    elif axis.lower() == 'x':
        rotation = 0.
        x = 0.5
        y = ymin - float(labelpad)/dpi
    else:
        raise Exception("Unexpected axis: x or y")
    if label_prop is None: 
        label_prop = dict()
    pylab.text(x,y,label,rotation=rotation,
               transform=fig.transFigure,
               ha=ha,va=va,
               **label_prop)

Way to ng-repeat defined number of times instead of repeating over array?

You can use the ng-if directive with ng-repeat

So, if num is the number of times you need the element repeated:

<li ng-repeat="item in list" ng-if="$index < num">

How to remove all white spaces in java

Cant you just use String.replace(" ", "");

Why my regexp for hyphenated words doesn't work?

A couple of things:

  1. Your regexes need to be anchored by separators* or you'll match partial words, as is the case now
  2. You're not using the proper syntax for a non-capturing group. It's (?: not (:?

If you address the first problem, you won't need groups at all.

*That is, a blank or beginning/end of string.

Interfaces — What's the point?

To me an advantage/benefit of an interface is that it is more flexible than an abstract class. Since you can only inherit 1 abstract class but you can implement multiple interfaces, changes to a system that inherits an abstract class in many places becomes problematic. If it is inherited in 100 places, a change requires changes to all 100. But, with the interface, you can place the new change in a new interface and just use that interface where its needed (Interface Seq. from SOLID). Additionally, the memory usage seems like it would be less with the interface as an object in the interface example is used just once in memory despite how many places implement the interface.

Replace all 0 values to NA

In case anyone arrives here via google looking for the opposite (i.e. how to replace all NAs in a data.frame with 0), the answer is

df[is.na(df)] <- 0

OR

Using dplyr / tidyverse

library(dplyr)
mtcars %>% replace(is.na(.), 0)

MongoDB: Is it possible to make a case-insensitive query?

db.zipcodes.find({city : "NEW YORK"}); // Case-sensitive
db.zipcodes.find({city : /NEW york/i}); // Note the 'i' flag for case-insensitivity

jQuery get the rendered height of an element?

It should just be

$('#someDiv').height();

with jQuery. This retrieves the height of the first item in the wrapped set as a number.

Trying to use

.style.height

only works if you have set the property in the first place. Not very useful!

.htaccess File Options -Indexes on Subdirectories

htaccess files affect the directory they are placed in and all sub-directories, that is an htaccess file located in your root directory (yoursite.com) would affect yoursite.com/content, yoursite.com/content/contents, etc.

http://www.javascriptkit.com/howto/htaccess.shtml

Python mock multiple return values

You can assign an iterable to side_effect, and the mock will return the next value in the sequence each time it is called:

>>> from unittest.mock import Mock
>>> m = Mock()
>>> m.side_effect = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']
>>> m()
'foo'
>>> m()
'bar'
>>> m()
'baz'

Quoting the Mock() documentation:

If side_effect is an iterable then each call to the mock will return the next value from the iterable.

Can I set an unlimited length for maxJsonLength in web.config?

Just ran into this. I'm getting over 6,000 records. Just decided I'd just do some paging. As in, I accept a page number in my MVC JsonResult endpoint, which is defaulted to 0 so it's not necessary, like so:

public JsonResult MyObjects(int pageNumber = 0)

Then instead of saying:

return Json(_repository.MyObjects.ToList(), JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);

I say:

return Json(_repository.MyObjects.OrderBy(obj => obj.ID).Skip(1000 * pageNumber).Take(1000).ToList(), JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);

It's very simple. Then, in JavaScript, instead of this:

function myAJAXCallback(items) {
    // Do stuff here
}

I instead say:

var pageNumber = 0;
function myAJAXCallback(items) {
    if(items.length == 1000)
        // Call same endpoint but add this to the end: '?pageNumber=' + ++pageNumber
    }
    // Do stuff here
}

And append your records to whatever you were doing with them in the first place. Or just wait until all the calls finish and cobble the results together.

Server.MapPath - Physical path given, virtual path expected

if you already know your folder is: E:\ftproot\sales then you do not need to use Server.MapPath, this last one is needed if you only have a relative virtual path like ~/folder/folder1 and you want to know the real path in the disk...

Using event.target with React components

First argument in update method is SyntheticEvent object that contains common properties and methods to any event, it is not reference to React component where there is property props.

if you need pass argument to update method you can do it like this

onClick={ (e) => this.props.onClick(e, 'home', 'Home') }

and get these arguments inside update method

update(e, space, txt){
   console.log(e.target, space, txt);
}

Example


event.target gives you the native DOMNode, then you need to use the regular DOM APIs to access attributes. For instance getAttribute or dataset

<button 
  data-space="home" 
  className="home" 
  data-txt="Home" 
  onClick={ this.props.onClick } 
/> 
  Button
</button>

onClick(e) {
   console.log(e.target.dataset.txt, e.target.dataset.space);
}

Example

Pass parameter to controller from @Html.ActionLink MVC 4

I have to pass two parameters like:

/Controller/Action/Param1Value/Param2Value

This way:

@Html.ActionLink(
    linkText,
    actionName,
    controllerName,
    routeValues: new {
        Param1Name= Param1Value, 
        Param2Name = Param2Value 
    },
    htmlAttributes: null
)

will generate this url

/Controller/Action/Param1Value?Param2Name=Param2Value

I used a workaround method by merging parameter two in parameter one and I get what I wanted:

@Html.ActionLink(
    linkText,
    actionName,
    controllerName,
    routeValues: new {
        Param1Name= "Param1Value / Param2Value" ,      
    },
    htmlAttributes: null
)

And I get :

/Controller/Action/Param1Value/Param2Value

How to programmatically tell if a Bluetooth device is connected?

BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter().isEnabled -> returns true when bluetooth is open

val audioManager = this.getSystemService(Context.AUDIO_SERVICE) as AudioManager

audioManager.isBluetoothScoOn -> returns true when device connected

Python how to write to a binary file?

To convert from integers < 256 to binary, use the chr function. So you're looking at doing the following.

newFileBytes=[123,3,255,0,100]
newfile=open(path,'wb')
newfile.write((''.join(chr(i) for i in newFileBytes)).encode('charmap'))

Trying to get PyCharm to work, keep getting "No Python interpreter selected"

You don't have Python Interpreter installed on your machine whereas Pycharm is looking for a Python interpreter, just go to https://www.python.org/downloads/ and download python and then create a new project, you'll be all set!

How to remove part of a string before a ":" in javascript?

There is no need for jQuery here, regular JavaScript will do:

var str = "Abc: Lorem ipsum sit amet";
str = str.substring(str.indexOf(":") + 1);

Or, the .split() and .pop() version:

var str = "Abc: Lorem ipsum sit amet";
str = str.split(":").pop();

Or, the regex version (several variants of this):

var str = "Abc: Lorem ipsum sit amet";
str = /:(.+)/.exec(str)[1];

How to change the MySQL root account password on CentOS7?

For CentOS 7 and MariaDB 10.4, I had success with the following commands:

su -
systemctl set-environment MYSQLD_OPTS="--skip-grant-tables --user=mysql"
systemctl restart mariadb
mysql -u root

flush privileges;
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'MyNewPass';
flush privileges;
quit

systemctl unset-environment MYSQLD_OPTS
systemctl restart mariadb

How to upsert (update or insert) in SQL Server 2005

Here is a useful article by Michael J. Swart on the matter, which covers different patterns and antipatterns for implementing UPSERT in SQL Server:
https://michaeljswart.com/2017/07/sql-server-upsert-patterns-and-antipatterns/

It addresses associated concurrency issues (primary key violations, deadlocks) - all of the answers provided here yet are considered antipatterns in the article (except for the @Bridge solution using triggers, which is not covered there).

Here is an extract from the article with the solution preferred by the author:

Inside a serializable transaction with lock hints:

CREATE PROCEDURE s_AccountDetails_Upsert ( @Email nvarchar(4000), @Etc nvarchar(max) )
AS 
  SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL SERIALIZABLE;
  BEGIN TRAN

    IF EXISTS ( SELECT * FROM dbo.AccountDetails WITH (UPDLOCK) WHERE Email = @Email )

      UPDATE dbo.AccountDetails
         SET Etc = @Etc
       WHERE Email = @Email;

    ELSE 

      INSERT dbo.AccountDetails ( Email, Etc )
      VALUES ( @Email, @Etc );

  COMMIT

There is also related question with answers here on stackoverflow: Insert Update stored proc on SQL Server

How can I center <ul> <li> into div

I love flexbox:

ul {
  justify-content: center;
  display: flex;
}

What's the use of ob_start() in php?

I use this so I can break out of PHP with a lot of HTML but not render it. It saves me from storing it as a string which disables IDE color-coding.

<?php
ob_start();
?>
<div>
    <span>text</span>
    <a href="#">link</a>
</div>
<?php
$content = ob_get_clean();
?>

Instead of:

<?php
$content = '<div>
    <span>text</span>
    <a href="#">link</a>
</div>';
?>

Imply bit with constant 1 or 0 in SQL Server

Enjoy this :) Without cast each value individually.

SELECT ...,
  IsCoursedBased = CAST(
      CASE WHEN fc.CourseId is not null THEN 1 ELSE 0 END
    AS BIT
  )
FROM fc

How do I test a single file using Jest?

If you are running npm >= 5.2.0 and you have installed Jest locally as a devDependencies with npm i -d jest, you can run Jest on a particular file by doing npx jest /path/to/your/spec.js.

Creating multiline strings in JavaScript

You have to use the concatenation operator '+'.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Document</title>
</head>
<body>
    <p id="demo"></p>
    <script>
        var str = "This "
                + "\n<br>is "
                + "\n<br>multiline "
                + "\n<br>string.";
        document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = str;
     </script>
</body>
</html>

By using \n your source code will look like -

This 
 <br>is
 <br>multiline
 <br>string.

By using <br> your browser output will look like -

This
is
multiline
string.

Get Excel sheet name and use as variable in macro

in a Visual Basic Macro you would use

pName = ActiveWorkbook.Path      ' the path of the currently active file
wbName = ActiveWorkbook.Name     ' the file name of the currently active file
shtName = ActiveSheet.Name       ' the name of the currently selected worksheet

The first sheet in a workbook can be referenced by

ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets(1)

so after deleting the [Report] tab you would use

ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Report").Delete
shtName = ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets(1).Name

to "work on that sheet later on" you can create a range object like

Dim MySheet as Range
MySheet = ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets(shtName).[A1]

and continue working on MySheet(rowNum, colNum) etc. ...

shortcut creation of a range object without defining shtName:

Dim MySheet as Range
MySheet = ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets(1).[A1]

offsetTop vs. jQuery.offset().top

I think you are right by saying that people cannot click half pixels, so personally, I would use rounded jQuery offset...

Why does AngularJS include an empty option in select?

This works perfectly fine

<select ng-model="contact.Title" ng-options="co for co in['Mr.','Ms.','Mrs.','Dr.','Prof.']">
    <option style="display:none" value=""></option>
</select>

the way it works is, that this gives the first option to be displayed before selecting something and the display:none removes it form the dropdown so if you want you can do

<select ng-model="contact.Title" ng-options="co for co in['Mr.','Ms.','Mrs.','Dr.','Prof.']">
    <option style="display:none" value="">select an option...</option>
</select>

and this will give you the select and option before selecting but once selected it will disappear, and it will not show up in the dropdown.

How to handle change of checkbox using jQuery?

You can use Id of the field as well

$('#checkbox1').change(function() {
   if($(this).is(":checked")) {
      //'checked' event code
      return;
   }
   //'unchecked' event code
});

Raising a number to a power in Java

Too late for the OP of course, but still... Rearranging the expression as:

int bmi = (10000 * weight) / (height * height)

Eliminates all the floating point, and converts a division by a constant to a multiplication, which should execute faster. Integer precision is probably adequate for this application, but if it is not then:

double bmi = (10000.0 * weight) / (height * height)

would still be an improvement.

Why do we check up to the square root of a prime number to determine if it is prime?

Because if a factor is greater than the square root of n, the other factor that would multiply with it to equal n is necessarily less than the square root of n.

How to properly create an SVN tag from trunk?

svn copy http://URL/svn/trukSource http://URL/svn/tagDestination -m "Test tag code" 
  $error[0].Exception | Select-object Data

All you have to do change URL path. This command will create new dir "tagDestination". The second line will be let know you the full error details if any occur. Create svn env variable if not created. Can check (Cmd:- set, Powershell:- Get-ChildItem Env:) Default path is "C:\Program Files\TortoiseSVN\bin\TortoiseProc.exe"

How to create folder with PHP code?

In answer to the question in how to write to a file in PHP you can use the following as an example:

    $fp = fopen ($filename, "a"); # a = append to the file. w = write to the file (create new if doesn't exist)
    if ($fp) {
        fwrite ($fp, $text); //$text is what you are writing to the file
        fclose ($fp);
        $writeSuccess = "Yes";
        #echo ("File written");
    }
    else {
    $writeSuccess = "No";
    #echo ("File was not written");
    }

How to drop unique in MySQL?

mysql> DROP INDEX email ON fuinfo;

where email is the unique key (rather than the column name). You find the name of the unique key by

mysql> SHOW CREATE TABLE fuinfo;

here you see the name of the unique key, which could be email_2, for example. So...

mysql> DROP INDEX email_2 ON fuinfo;

mysql> DESCRIBE fuinfo;

This should show that the index is removed

Array from dictionary keys in swift

With Swift 3, Dictionary has a keys property. keys has the following declaration:

var keys: LazyMapCollection<Dictionary<Key, Value>, Key> { get }

A collection containing just the keys of the dictionary.

Note that LazyMapCollection that can easily be mapped to an Array with Array's init(_:) initializer.


From NSDictionary to [String]

The following iOS AppDelegate class snippet shows how to get an array of strings ([String]) using keys property from a NSDictionary:

enter image description here

func application(_ application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [UIApplicationLaunchOptionsKey: Any]?) -> Bool {
    let string = Bundle.main.path(forResource: "Components", ofType: "plist")!
    if let dict = NSDictionary(contentsOfFile: string) as? [String : Int] {
        let lazyMapCollection = dict.keys
        
        let componentArray = Array(lazyMapCollection)
        print(componentArray)
        // prints: ["Car", "Boat"]
    }
    
    return true
}

From [String: Int] to [String]

In a more general way, the following Playground code shows how to get an array of strings ([String]) using keys property from a dictionary with string keys and integer values ([String: Int]):

let dictionary = ["Gabrielle": 49, "Bree": 32, "Susan": 12, "Lynette": 7]
let lazyMapCollection = dictionary.keys

let stringArray = Array(lazyMapCollection)
print(stringArray)
// prints: ["Bree", "Susan", "Lynette", "Gabrielle"]

From [Int: String] to [String]

The following Playground code shows how to get an array of strings ([String]) using keys property from a dictionary with integer keys and string values ([Int: String]):

let dictionary = [49: "Gabrielle", 32: "Bree", 12: "Susan", 7: "Lynette"]
let lazyMapCollection = dictionary.keys
    
let stringArray = Array(lazyMapCollection.map { String($0) })
// let stringArray = Array(lazyMapCollection).map { String($0) } // also works
print(stringArray)
// prints: ["32", "12", "7", "49"]

What does this format means T00:00:00.000Z?

It's a part of ISO-8601 date representation. It's incomplete because a complete date representation in this pattern should also contains the date:

2015-03-04T00:00:00.000Z //Complete ISO-8601 date

If you try to parse this date as it is you will receive an Invalid Date error:

new Date('T00:00:00.000Z'); // Invalid Date

So, I guess the way to parse a timestamp in this format is to concat with any date

new Date('2015-03-04T00:00:00.000Z'); // Valid Date

Then you can extract only the part you want (timestamp part)

var d = new Date('2015-03-04T00:00:00.000Z');
console.log(d.getUTCHours()); // Hours
console.log(d.getUTCMinutes());
console.log(d.getUTCSeconds());

How to parse XML and count instances of a particular node attribute?

Python has an interface to the expat XML parser.

xml.parsers.expat

It's a non-validating parser, so bad XML will not be caught. But if you know your file is correct, then this is pretty good, and you'll probably get the exact info you want and you can discard the rest on the fly.

stringofxml = """<foo>
    <bar>
        <type arg="value" />
        <type arg="value" />
        <type arg="value" />
    </bar>
    <bar>
        <type arg="value" />
    </bar>
</foo>"""
count = 0
def start(name, attr):
    global count
    if name == 'type':
        count += 1

p = expat.ParserCreate()
p.StartElementHandler = start
p.Parse(stringofxml)

print count # prints 4

What is Java EE?

It's meaning changes all the time. It used to mean Servlets and JSP and EJBs. Now-a-days it probably means Spring and Hibernate etc.

Really what they are looking for is experience and understanding of the Java ecosystem, Servlet containers, JMS, JMX, Hibernate etc. and how they all fit together.

Testing and source control would be an important skills too.

load jquery after the page is fully loaded

Include your scripts at the bottom of the page before closing body tag.

More info HERE.

two divs the same line, one dynamic width, one fixed

I think this is you want:

<html>
<head>
<style type="text/css">
#parent 
{width:100%;
height:100%;
border:1px solid red;
}
.left
{
float:left;
width:40%;
height:auto;
border:1px solid black;
}
.right
{
    float:left;

width:59%;
height:auto;
border:1px solid black;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="parent">
  <div class="left">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.</div>
  <div class="right">This is the right side content</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Here is the demo:http://jsfiddle.net/anish/aFBmN/

hibernate: LazyInitializationException: could not initialize proxy

If you are using hibernate with JPA annotations then this will be useful. In your service class there should be a setter for entity manager with @PersistenceContext. change this to @PersistenceContext(type = PersistenceContextType.EXTENDED). Then you can access lazy property in any where.

Correct modification of state arrays in React.js

If you are using functional components in React

const [cars, setCars] = useState([{
  name: 'Audi',
  type: 'sedan'
}, {
  name: 'BMW',
  type: 'sedan'
}])

...

const newCar = {
  name: 'Benz',
  type: 'sedan'
}

const updatedCarsArray = [...cars, newCar];

setCars(updatedCarsArray);

How to get a float result by dividing two integer values using T-SQL?

It's not necessary to cast both of them. Result datatype for a division is always the one with the higher data type precedence. Thus the solution must be:

SELECT CAST(1 AS float) / 3

or

SELECT 1 / CAST(3 AS float)

How to use OpenCV SimpleBlobDetector

Python: Reads image blob.jpg and performs blob detection with different parameters.

#!/usr/bin/python

# Standard imports
import cv2
import numpy as np;

# Read image
im = cv2.imread("blob.jpg")

# Setup SimpleBlobDetector parameters.
params = cv2.SimpleBlobDetector_Params()

# Change thresholds
params.minThreshold = 10
params.maxThreshold = 200


# Filter by Area.
params.filterByArea = True
params.minArea = 1500

# Filter by Circularity
params.filterByCircularity = True
params.minCircularity = 0.1

# Filter by Convexity
params.filterByConvexity = True
params.minConvexity = 0.87

# Filter by Inertia
params.filterByInertia = True
params.minInertiaRatio = 0.01

# Create a detector with the parameters
detector = cv2.SimpleBlobDetector(params)


# Detect blobs.
keypoints = detector.detect(im)

# Draw detected blobs as red circles.
# cv2.DRAW_MATCHES_FLAGS_DRAW_RICH_KEYPOINTS ensures
# the size of the circle corresponds to the size of blob

im_with_keypoints = cv2.drawKeypoints(im, keypoints, np.array([]), (0,0,255), cv2.DRAW_MATCHES_FLAGS_DRAW_RICH_KEYPOINTS)

# Show blobs
cv2.imshow("Keypoints", im_with_keypoints)
cv2.waitKey(0)

C++: Reads image blob.jpg and performs blob detection with different parameters.

#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"

using namespace cv;
using namespace std;

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
    // Read image
#if CV_MAJOR_VERSION < 3   // If you are using OpenCV 2
    Mat im = imread("blob.jpg", CV_LOAD_IMAGE_GRAYSCALE);
#else
    Mat im = imread("blob.jpg", IMREAD_GRAYSCALE);
#endif

    // Setup SimpleBlobDetector parameters.
    SimpleBlobDetector::Params params;

    // Change thresholds
    params.minThreshold = 10;
    params.maxThreshold = 200;

    // Filter by Area.
    params.filterByArea = true;
    params.minArea = 1500;

    // Filter by Circularity
    params.filterByCircularity = true;
    params.minCircularity = 0.1;

    // Filter by Convexity
    params.filterByConvexity = true;
    params.minConvexity = 0.87;

    // Filter by Inertia
    params.filterByInertia = true;
    params.minInertiaRatio = 0.01;

    // Storage for blobs
    std::vector<KeyPoint> keypoints;

#if CV_MAJOR_VERSION < 3   // If you are using OpenCV 2

    // Set up detector with params
    SimpleBlobDetector detector(params);

    // Detect blobs
    detector.detect(im, keypoints);
#else 

    // Set up detector with params
    Ptr<SimpleBlobDetector> detector = SimpleBlobDetector::create(params);

    // Detect blobs
    detector->detect(im, keypoints);
#endif 

    // Draw detected blobs as red circles.
    // DrawMatchesFlags::DRAW_RICH_KEYPOINTS flag ensures
    // the size of the circle corresponds to the size of blob

    Mat im_with_keypoints;
    drawKeypoints(im, keypoints, im_with_keypoints, Scalar(0, 0, 255), DrawMatchesFlags::DRAW_RICH_KEYPOINTS);

    // Show blobs
    imshow("keypoints", im_with_keypoints);
    waitKey(0);
}

The answer has been copied from this tutorial I wrote at LearnOpenCV.com explaining various parameters of SimpleBlobDetector. You can find additional details about the parameters in the tutorial.

google maps v3 marker info window on mouseover

Here's an example: http://duncan99.wordpress.com/2011/10/08/google-maps-api-infowindows/

marker.addListener('mouseover', function() {
    infowindow.open(map, this);
});

// assuming you also want to hide the infowindow when user mouses-out
marker.addListener('mouseout', function() {
    infowindow.close();
});

Executing "SELECT ... WHERE ... IN ..." using MySQLdb

If you have other parameters in the query, beyond the IN list, then the following extension to JG's answer may be useful.

ids = [1, 5, 7, 213]
sql = "select * from person where type=%s and id in (%s)"
in_ids = ', '.join(map(lambda x: '%s', ids))
sql = sql % ('%s', in_ids)
params = []
params.append(type)
params.extend(ids)
cursor.execute(sql, tuple(params))

That is, join all the params in a linear array, then pass it as a tuple to the execute method.

How to reload the datatable(jquery) data?

Use the fnReloadAjax() by the DataTables.net author.

I'm copying the source code below - in case the original ever moves:

$.fn.dataTableExt.oApi.fnReloadAjax = function ( oSettings, sNewSource, fnCallback, bStandingRedraw )
{
    if ( typeof sNewSource != 'undefined' && sNewSource != null )
    {
        oSettings.sAjaxSource = sNewSource;
    }
    this.oApi._fnProcessingDisplay( oSettings, true );
    var that = this;
    var iStart = oSettings._iDisplayStart;
    var aData = [];

    this.oApi._fnServerParams( oSettings, aData );

    oSettings.fnServerData( oSettings.sAjaxSource, aData, function(json) {
        /* Clear the old information from the table */
        that.oApi._fnClearTable( oSettings );

        /* Got the data - add it to the table */
        var aData =  (oSettings.sAjaxDataProp !== "") ?
            that.oApi._fnGetObjectDataFn( oSettings.sAjaxDataProp )( json ) : json;

        for ( var i=0 ; i<aData.length ; i++ )
        {
            that.oApi._fnAddData( oSettings, aData[i] );
        }

        oSettings.aiDisplay = oSettings.aiDisplayMaster.slice();
        that.fnDraw();

        if ( typeof bStandingRedraw != 'undefined' && bStandingRedraw === true )
        {
            oSettings._iDisplayStart = iStart;
            that.fnDraw( false );
        }

        that.oApi._fnProcessingDisplay( oSettings, false );

        /* Callback user function - for event handlers etc */
        if ( typeof fnCallback == 'function' && fnCallback != null )
        {
            fnCallback( oSettings );
        }
    }, oSettings );
}

/* Example call to load a new file */
oTable.fnReloadAjax( 'media/examples_support/json_source2.txt' );

/* Example call to reload from original file */
oTable.fnReloadAjax();

jQuery find parent form

To me, this looks like the simplest/fastest:

$('form input[type=submit]').click(function() { // attach the listener to your button
   var yourWantedObjectIsHere = $(this.form);   // use the native JS object with `this`
});

using BETWEEN in WHERE condition

I think we can write like this : $this->db->where('accommodation >=', minvalue); $this->db->where('accommodation <=', maxvalue);

//without dollar($) sign It's work for me :)

How do I convert a string to enum in TypeScript?

This note relates to basarat's answer, not the original question.

I had an odd issue in my own project where the compiler was giving an error roughly equivalent to "cannot convert string to Color" using the equivalent of this code:

var colorId = myOtherObject.colorId; // value "Green";
var color: Color = <Color>Color[colorId]; // TSC error here: Cannot convert string to Color.

I found that the compiler type inferencing was getting confused and it thought that colorId was an enum value and not an ID. To fix the problem I had to cast the ID as a string:

var colorId = <string>myOtherObject.colorId; // Force string value here
var color: Color = Color[colorId]; // Fixes lookup here.

I'm not sure what caused the issue but I'll leave this note here in case anyone runs into the same problem I did.

How do I compare strings in Java?

Function:

public float simpleSimilarity(String u, String v) {
    String[] a = u.split(" ");
    String[] b = v.split(" ");

    long correct = 0;
    int minLen = Math.min(a.length, b.length);

    for (int i = 0; i < minLen; i++) {
        String aa = a[i];
        String bb = b[i];
        int minWordLength = Math.min(aa.length(), bb.length());

        for (int j = 0; j < minWordLength; j++) {
            if (aa.charAt(j) == bb.charAt(j)) {
                correct++;
            }
        }
    }

    return (float) (((double) correct) / Math.max(u.length(), v.length()));
}

Test:

String a = "This is the first string.";

String b = "this is not 1st string!";

// for exact string comparison, use .equals

boolean exact = a.equals(b);

// For similarity check, there are libraries for this
// Here I'll try a simple example I wrote

float similarity = simple_similarity(a,b);

Sql Server trigger insert values from new row into another table

Create 
trigger `[dbo].[mytrigger]` on `[dbo].[Patients]` after update , insert as
begin
     --Sql logic
     print 'Hello world'     
 end 

How do I get milliseconds from epoch (1970-01-01) in Java?

You can also try

  Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
  System.out.println(calendar.getTimeInMillis());

getTimeInMillis() - the current time as UTC milliseconds from the epoch

CSS to select/style first word

What you are looking for is a pseudo-element that doesn't exist. There is :first-letter and :first-line, but no :first-word.

You can of course do this with JavaScript. Here's some code I found that does this: http://www.dynamicsitesolutions.com/javascript/first-word-selector/

Getting distance between two points based on latitude/longitude

For people (like me) coming here via search engine and just looking for a solution which works out of the box, I recommend installing mpu. Install it via pip install mpu --user and use it like this to get the haversine distance:

import mpu

# Point one
lat1 = 52.2296756
lon1 = 21.0122287

# Point two
lat2 = 52.406374
lon2 = 16.9251681

# What you were looking for
dist = mpu.haversine_distance((lat1, lon1), (lat2, lon2))
print(dist)  # gives 278.45817507541943.

An alternative package is gpxpy.

If you don't want dependencies, you can use:

import math


def distance(origin, destination):
    """
    Calculate the Haversine distance.

    Parameters
    ----------
    origin : tuple of float
        (lat, long)
    destination : tuple of float
        (lat, long)

    Returns
    -------
    distance_in_km : float

    Examples
    --------
    >>> origin = (48.1372, 11.5756)  # Munich
    >>> destination = (52.5186, 13.4083)  # Berlin
    >>> round(distance(origin, destination), 1)
    504.2
    """
    lat1, lon1 = origin
    lat2, lon2 = destination
    radius = 6371  # km

    dlat = math.radians(lat2 - lat1)
    dlon = math.radians(lon2 - lon1)
    a = (math.sin(dlat / 2) * math.sin(dlat / 2) +
         math.cos(math.radians(lat1)) * math.cos(math.radians(lat2)) *
         math.sin(dlon / 2) * math.sin(dlon / 2))
    c = 2 * math.atan2(math.sqrt(a), math.sqrt(1 - a))
    d = radius * c

    return d


if __name__ == '__main__':
    import doctest
    doctest.testmod()

The other alternative package is [haversine][1]

from haversine import haversine, Unit

lyon = (45.7597, 4.8422) # (lat, lon)
paris = (48.8567, 2.3508)

haversine(lyon, paris)
>> 392.2172595594006  # in kilometers

haversine(lyon, paris, unit=Unit.MILES)
>> 243.71201856934454  # in miles

# you can also use the string abbreviation for units:
haversine(lyon, paris, unit='mi')
>> 243.71201856934454  # in miles

haversine(lyon, paris, unit=Unit.NAUTICAL_MILES)
>> 211.78037755311516  # in nautical miles

They claim to have performance optimization for distances between all points in two vectors

from haversine import haversine_vector, Unit

lyon = (45.7597, 4.8422) # (lat, lon)
paris = (48.8567, 2.3508)
new_york = (40.7033962, -74.2351462)

haversine_vector([lyon, lyon], [paris, new_york], Unit.KILOMETERS)

>> array([ 392.21725956, 6163.43638211])

Mongoose: Get full list of users

My Solution

User.find()
        .exec()
        .then(users => {
            const response = {
                count: users.length,
                users: users.map(user => {

                    return {
                        _id: user._id,
                        // other property
                    }

                })

            };
            res.status(200).json(response);
        }).catch(err => {
        console.log(err);
        res.status(500).json({
            success: false
        })
    })

how to show only even or odd rows in sql server 2008?

Try following

SELECT * FROM Worker WHERE MOD (WORKER_ID, 2) <> 0;

Force index use in Oracle

There is an appropriate index on column_having_index, and its use actually increase performance, but Oracle didn't use it...
You should gather statistics on your table to let optimizer see that index access can help. Using direct hint is not a good practice.

detect key press in python?

More things can be done with keyboard module. You can install this module using pip install keyboard Here are some of the methods:


Method #1:

Using the function read_key():

import keyboard

while True:
    if keyboard.read_key() == "p":
        print("You pressed p")
        break

This is gonna break the loop as the key p is pressed.


Method #2:

Using function wait:

import keyboard

keyboard.wait("p")
print("You pressed p")

It will wait for you to press p and continue the code as it is pressed.


Method #3:

Using the function on_press_key:

import keyboard

keyboard.on_press_key("p", lambda _:print("You pressed p"))

It needs a callback function. I used _ because the keyboard function returns the keyboard event to that function.

Once executed, it will run the function when the key is pressed. You can stop all hooks by running this line:

keyboard.unhook_all()

Method #4:

This method is sort of already answered by user8167727 but I disagree with the code they made. It will be using the function is_pressed but in an other way:

import keyboard

while True:
    if keyboard.is_pressed("p"):
        print("You pressed p")
        break

It will break the loop as p is pressed.


Notes:

  • keyboard will read keypresses from the whole OS.
  • keyboard requires root on linux

Android WebView style background-color:transparent ignored on android 2.2

You can user BindingAdapter like this:

Java

@BindingAdapter("setBackground")
public static void setBackground(WebView view,@ColorRes int resId) {
        view.setBackgroundColor(view.getContext().getResources().getColor(resId));
        view.setLayerType(WebView.LAYER_TYPE_SOFTWARE, null);
}

XML:

<layout >

    <data>

        <import type="com.tdk.sekini.R" />


    </data>

       <WebView
            ...
            app:setBackground="@{R.color.grey_10_transparent}"/>

</layout>

Resources

<color name="grey_10_transparent">#11e6e6e6</color>

How do I print an IFrame from javascript in Safari/Chrome

You can use

parent.frames['id'].print();

Work at Chrome!

Blank HTML SELECT without blank item in dropdown list

You can by setting selectedIndex to -1 using .prop: http://jsfiddle.net/R9auG/.

For older jQuery versions use .attr instead of .prop: http://jsfiddle.net/R9auG/71/.

Add new item in existing array in c#.net

All proposed answers do the same as what they say they'd like to avoid, creating a new array and adding a new entry in it only with lost more overhead. LINQ is not magic, list of T is an array with a buffer space with some extra space as to avoid resizing the inner array when items are added.

All the abstractions have to solve the same issue, create an array with no empty slots that hold all values and return them.

If you need the flexibility an can create a large enough list that you can use to pass then do that. else use an array and share that thread-safe object. Also, the new Span helps to share data without having to copy the lists around.

To answer the question:

Array.Resize(ref myArray, myArray.Length + 1);
data[myArray.Length - 1] = Value;

Running Bash commands in Python

Call it with subprocess

import subprocess
subprocess.Popen("cwm --rdf test.rdf --ntriples > test.nt")

The error you are getting seems to be because there is no swap module on the server, you should install swap on the server then run the script again

Base64 Java encode and decode a string

For Spring Users , Spring Security has a Base64 class in the org.springframework.security.crypto.codec package that can also be used for encoding and decoding of Base64. Ex.

 public static String base64Encode(String token) {
    byte[] encodedBytes = Base64.encode(token.getBytes());
    return new String(encodedBytes, Charset.forName("UTF-8"));
}


public static String base64Decode(String token) {
    byte[] decodedBytes = Base64.decode(token.getBytes());
    return new String(decodedBytes, Charset.forName("UTF-8"));
}

Plugin with id 'com.google.gms.google-services' not found

Had the same problem.

adding this to my dependency didn't solve

classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.0.0'

Adding this solved for me

classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:+'

to the root build.gradle.

How can I add a variable to console.log?

Then use + to combine strings:

console.log("story " + name + " story");

Show how many characters remaining in a HTML text box using JavaScript

How about this approach, which splits the problem into two parts:

  • Using jQuery, it shows a decrementing counter below the textarea, which turns red when it hits zero but still allows the user to type.
  • I use a separate string length validator (server and client-side) to actually prevent submission of the form if the number of chatacters in the textarea is greater than 160.

My textarea has an id of Message, and the span in which I display the number of remaining characters has an id of counter. The css class of error gets applied when the number of remaining characters hits zero.

var charactersAllowed = 160;

$(document).ready(function () {
    $('#Message').keyup(function () {
        var left = charactersAllowed - $(this).val().length;
        if (left < 0) {
            $('#counter').addClass('error');
            left = 0;
        }
        else {
            $('#counter').removeClass('error');
        }
        $('#counter').text('Characters left: ' + left);
    });
});

Initialising a multidimensional array in Java

I'll add that if you want to read the dimensions, you can do this:

int[][][] a = new int[4][3][2];

System.out.println(a.length);  // 4
System.out.println(a[0].length); // 3
System.out.println(a[0][0].length); //2

You can also have jagged arrays, where different rows have different lengths, so a[0].length != a[1].length.

How to develop Android app completely using python?

There are two primary contenders for python apps on Android

Chaquopy

https://chaquo.com/chaquopy/

This integrates with the Android build system, it provides a Python API for all android features. To quote the site "The complete Android API and user interface toolkit are directly at your disposal."

Beeware (Toga widget toolkit)

https://pybee.org/

This provides a multi target transpiler, supports many targets such as Android and iOS. It uses a generic widget toolkit (toga) that maps to the host interface calls.

Which One?

Both are active projects and their github accounts shows a fair amount of recent activity.

Beeware Toga like all widget libraries is good for getting the basics out to multiple platforms. If you have basic designs, and a desire to expand to other platforms this should work out well for you.

On the other hand, Chaquopy is a much more precise in its mapping of the python API to Android. It also allows you to mix in Java, useful if you want to use existing code from other resources. If you have strict design targets, and predominantly want to target Android this is a much better resource.

List all files from a directory recursively with Java

With Java 7 a faster way to walk thru a directory tree was introduced with the Paths and Files functionality. They're much faster then the "old" File way.

This would be the code to walk thru and check path names with a regular expression:

public final void test() throws IOException, InterruptedException {
    final Path rootDir = Paths.get("path to your directory where the walk starts");

    // Walk thru mainDir directory
    Files.walkFileTree(rootDir, new FileVisitor<Path>() {
        // First (minor) speed up. Compile regular expression pattern only one time.
        private Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile("^(.*?)");

        @Override
        public FileVisitResult preVisitDirectory(Path path,
                BasicFileAttributes atts) throws IOException {

            boolean matches = pattern.matcher(path.toString()).matches();

            // TODO: Put here your business logic when matches equals true/false

            return (matches)? FileVisitResult.CONTINUE:FileVisitResult.SKIP_SUBTREE;
        }

        @Override
        public FileVisitResult visitFile(Path path, BasicFileAttributes mainAtts)
                throws IOException {

            boolean matches = pattern.matcher(path.toString()).matches();

            // TODO: Put here your business logic when matches equals true/false

            return FileVisitResult.CONTINUE;
        }

        @Override
        public FileVisitResult postVisitDirectory(Path path,
                IOException exc) throws IOException {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return FileVisitResult.CONTINUE;
        }

        @Override
        public FileVisitResult visitFileFailed(Path path, IOException exc)
                throws IOException {
            exc.printStackTrace();

            // If the root directory has failed it makes no sense to continue
            return path.equals(rootDir)? FileVisitResult.TERMINATE:FileVisitResult.CONTINUE;
        }
    });
}

How to write a multiline Jinja statement

According to the documentation: https://jinja.palletsprojects.com/en/2.10.x/templates/#line-statements you may use multi-line statements as long as the code has parens/brackets around it. Example:

{% if ( (foo == 'foo' or bar == 'bar') and 
        (fooo == 'fooo' or baar == 'baar') ) %}
    <li>some text</li>
{% endif %}

Edit: Using line_statement_prefix = '#'* the code would look like this:

# if ( (foo == 'foo' or bar == 'bar') and 
       (fooo == 'fooo' or baar == 'baar') )
    <li>some text</li>
# endif

*Here's an example of how you'd specify the line_statement_prefix in the Environment:

from jinja2 import Environment, PackageLoader, select_autoescape
env = Environment(
    loader=PackageLoader('yourapplication', 'templates'),
    autoescape=select_autoescape(['html', 'xml']),
    line_statement_prefix='#'
)

Or using Flask:

from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__, instance_relative_config=True, static_folder='static')
app.jinja_env.filters['zip'] = zip
app.jinja_env.line_statement_prefix = '#'

How to remove element from an array in JavaScript?

shift() is ideal for your situation. shift() removes the first element from an array and returns that element. This method changes the length of the array.

array = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

array.shift(); // 1

array // [2, 3, 4, 5]

How to get client IP address in Laravel 5+

If you have multiple layer proxies just like CDN + Load Balancer.
Using Laravel Request::ip() function will get right-most proxy IP but not client IP.
You may try following solution.

app/Http/Middleware/TrustProxies.php

protected $proxies = ['0.0.0.0/0'];

Reference: https://github.com/fideloper/TrustedProxy/issues/107#issuecomment-373065215

Reloading the page gives wrong GET request with AngularJS HTML5 mode

I am using apache (xampp) on my dev environment and apache on the production, add:

errorDocument 404 /index.html

to the .htaccess solve for me this issue.

error C2065: 'cout' : undeclared identifier

write this code, it works perfectly..

#include "stdafx.h"
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
 cout<<"Hello World!";
  return 0;
}

How to use store and use session variables across pages?

Starting a Session:

Put below code at the top of file.

<?php session_start();?>

Storing a session variable:

<?php $_SESSION['id']=10; ?>

To Check if data stored in session variable:

<?php if(isset($_SESSION['id']) && !empty(isset($_SESSION['id'])))
echo “Session id “.$_SESSION['id'].” exist”;
else
echo “Session not set “;?>

?> detail here http://skillrow.com/sessions-in-php-4/

Modulo operator with negative values

a % b

in c++ default:

(-7/3) => -2
-2 * 3 => -6
so a%b => -1

(7/-3) => -2
-2 * -3 => 6
so a%b => 1

in python:

-7 % 3 => 2
7 % -3 => -2

in c++ to python:

(b + (a%b)) % b

Using putty to scp from windows to Linux

You can use PSCP to copy files from Windows to Linux.

  1. Download PSCP from putty.org
  2. Open cmd in the directory with pscp.exe file
  3. Type command pscp source_file user@host:destination_file

Reference

What does the error "JSX element type '...' does not have any construct or call signatures" mean?

I solved it by making use of Type Assertions before exporting the component. TypeScript wasn't able to identify after composing it using redux 'compose' therefore I divided props types into IParentProps and IProps and use IParentProps while doing Type Assertions

import { compose } from 'react-redux'
import HOC1 from 'HOCs/HOC1'
import HOC2 from 'HOCs/HOC2'

type IParentProps = {}
type IProps = {}

const Component: React.FC<IProps & IParentProps> = React.memo((props) => {

      return <SomeComponent {...props}/>

})

return compose(HOC1,HOC2)(Component) as React.FunctionComponent<IParentProps>

How can I disable ReSharper in Visual Studio and enable it again?

Tools -> Options -> ReSharper (Tick "Show All setting" if ReSharper option not available ). Then you can do Suspend or Resume. Hope it helps (I tested only in VS2005)

dyld: Library not loaded ... Reason: Image not found

For some, this could be as easy as setting the system path for dynamic libraries. On OS X, this is as simple as setting the DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable. See:

Is it OK to use DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH on Mac OS X? And, what's the dynamic library search algorithm with it?

Indent starting from the second line of a paragraph with CSS

Is it literally just the second line you want to indent, or is it from the second line (ie. a hanging indent)?

If it is the latter, something along the lines of this JSFiddle would be appropriate.

_x000D_
_x000D_
    div {_x000D_
        padding-left: 1.5em;_x000D_
        text-indent:-1.5em;_x000D_
    }_x000D_
    _x000D_
    span {_x000D_
        padding-left: 1.5em;_x000D_
        text-indent:-1.5em;_x000D_
    }
_x000D_
<div>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</div>_x000D_
_x000D_
<span>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</span>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

This example shows how using the same CSS syntax in a DIV or SPAN produce different effects.

Set value of hidden input with jquery

You don't need to set name , just giving an id is enough.

<input type="hidden" id="testId" />

and than with jquery you can use 'val()' method like below:

 $('#testId').val("work");

What is the difference between '@' and '=' in directive scope in AngularJS?

I created a little HTML file that contains Angular code demonstrating the differences between them:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Angular</title>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.15/angular.min.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body ng-app="myApp">
    <div ng-controller="myCtrl as VM">
      <a my-dir
        attr1="VM.sayHi('Juan')" <!-- scope: "=" -->
        attr2="VM.sayHi('Juan')" <!-- scope: "@" -->
        attr3="VM.sayHi('Juan')" <!-- scope: "&" -->
      ></a>
    </div>
    <script>
    angular.module("myApp", [])
    .controller("myCtrl", [function(){
      var vm = this;
      vm.sayHi = function(name){
        return ("Hey there, " + name);
      }
    }])
    .directive("myDir", [function(){
      return {
        scope: {
          attr1: "=",
          attr2: "@",
          attr3: "&"
        },
        link: function(scope){
          console.log(scope.attr1);   // =, logs "Hey there, Juan"
          console.log(scope.attr2);   // @, logs "VM.sayHi('Juan')"
          console.log(scope.attr3);   // &, logs "function (a){return h(c,a)}"
          console.log(scope.attr3()); // &, logs "Hey there, Juan"
        }
      }
    }]);
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

ReferenceError: Invalid left-hand side in assignment

You have to use == to compare (or even ===, if you want to compare types). A single = is for assignment.

if (one == 'rock' && two == 'rock') {
    console.log('Tie! Try again!');
}

How can I undo a mysql statement that I just executed?

You can stop a query which is being processed by this

Find the Id of the query process by => show processlist;

Then => kill id;

python, sort descending dataframe with pandas

https://pandas.pydata.org/pandas-docs/stable/generated/pandas.DataFrame.sort_values.html

I don't think you should ever provide the False value in square brackets (ever), also the column values when they are more than one, then only they are provided as a list! Not like ['one'].

test = df.sort_values(by='one', ascending = False)

How to write a function that takes a positive integer N and returns a list of the first N natural numbers

Here are a few ways to create a list with N of continuous natural numbers starting from 1.

1 range:

def numbers(n): 
    return range(1, n+1);

2 List Comprehensions:

def numbers(n):
    return [i for i in range(1, n+1)]

You may want to look into the method xrange and the concepts of generators, those are fun in python. Good luck with your Learning!

How to count the number of observations in R like Stata command count

The with function will let you use shorthand column references and sum will count TRUE results from the expression(s).

sum(with(aaa, sex==1 & group1==2))
## [1] 3

sum(with(aaa, sex==1 & group2=="A"))
## [1] 2

As @mnel pointed out, you can also do:

nrow(aaa[aaa$sex==1 & aaa$group1==2,])
## [1] 3

nrow(aaa[aaa$sex==1 & aaa$group2=="A",])
## [1] 2

The benefit of that is that you can do:

nrow(aaa)
## [1] 6

And, the behaviour matches Stata's count almost exactly (syntax notwithstanding).

How to search in a List of Java object

As your list is an ArrayList, it can be assumed that it is unsorted. Therefore, there is no way to search for your element that is faster than O(n).

If you can, you should think about changing your list into a Set (with HashSet as implementation) with a specific Comparator for your sample class.

Another possibility would be to use a HashMap. You can add your data as Sample (please start class names with an uppercase letter) and use the string you want to search for as key. Then you could simply use

Sample samp = myMap.get(myKey);

If there can be multiple samples per key, use Map<String, List<Sample>>, otherwise use Map<String, Sample>. If you use multiple keys, you will have to create multiple maps that hold the same dataset. As they all point to the same objects, space shouldn't be that much of a problem.

What is the best alternative IDE to Visual Studio

If you're into C# and VB.Net and don't mind open source then you could use SharpDevelop. It does a pretty good job!

disable a hyperlink using jQuery

The disabled attribute isn't valid on all HTML elements I believe, see the MSDN article. That and the proper value for disabled is simply "disabled". Your best approach is to bind a click function that returns false.

xlrd.biffh.XLRDError: Excel xlsx file; not supported

As noted in the release email, linked to from the release tweet and noted in large orange warning that appears on the front page of the documentation, and less orange, but still present, in the readme on the repository and the release on pypi:

xlrd has explicitly removed support for anything other than xls files.

In your case, the solution is to:

  • make sure you are on a recent version of Pandas, at least 1.0.1, and preferably the latest release. 1.2 will make his even clearer.
  • install openpyxl: https://openpyxl.readthedocs.io/en/stable/
  • change your Pandas code to be:
    df1 = pd.read_excel(
         os.path.join(APP_PATH, "Data", "aug_latest.xlsm"),
         engine='openpyxl',
    )
    

The Controls collection cannot be modified because the control contains code blocks (i.e. <% ... %>)

Inside ContentPlaceholder, put the placeholder control.For Example like this,

<asp:Content ID="header" ContentPlaceHolderID="head" runat="server">
       <asp:PlaceHolder ID="metatags" runat="server">
        </asp:PlaceHolder>
</asp:Content>

Code Behind:

HtmlMeta hm1 = new HtmlMeta();
hm1.Name = "Description";
hm1.Content = "Content here";
metatags.Controls.Add(hm1);

Algorithm to generate all possible permutations of a list?

If anyone wonders how to be done in permutation in javascript.

Idea/pseudocode

  1. pick one element at a time
  2. permute rest of the element and then add the picked element to the all of the permutation

for example. 'a'+ permute(bc). permute of bc would be bc & cb. Now add these two will give abc, acb. similarly, pick b + permute (ac) will provice bac, bca...and keep going.

now look at the code

function permutations(arr){

   var len = arr.length, 
       perms = [],
       rest,
       picked,
       restPerms,
       next;

    //for one or less item there is only one permutation 
    if (len <= 1)
        return [arr];

    for (var i=0; i<len; i++)
    {
        //copy original array to avoid changing it while picking elements
        rest = Object.create(arr);

        //splice removed element change array original array(copied array)
        //[1,2,3,4].splice(2,1) will return [3] and remaining array = [1,2,4]
        picked = rest.splice(i, 1);

        //get the permutation of the rest of the elements
        restPerms = permutations(rest);

       // Now concat like a+permute(bc) for each
       for (var j=0; j<restPerms.length; j++)
       {
           next = picked.concat(restPerms[j]);
           perms.push(next);
       }
    }

   return perms;
}

Take your time to understand this. I got this code from (pertumation in JavaScript)

Error Code 1292 - Truncated incorrect DOUBLE value - Mysql

In my case it was a view (highly nested, view in view) insertion causing the error in :

CREATE TABLE tablename AS
  SELECT * FROM highly_nested_viewname
;

The workaround we ended up doing was simulating a materialized view (which is really a table) and periodically insert/update it using stored procedures.

iconv - Detected an illegal character in input string

this bellow solution worked for me

$result_encr="##Sƒ";

iconv("cp1252", "utf-8//IGNORE", $result_encr);

What is a 'NoneType' object?

One of the variables has not been given any value, thus it is a NoneType. You'll have to look into why this is, it's probably a simple logic error on your part.

Save the console.log in Chrome to a file

This may or may not be helpful but on Windows you can read the console log using Event Tracing for Windows

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms751538.aspx

Our integration tests are run in .NET so I use this method to add the console log to our test output. I've made a sample console project to demonstrate here: https://github.com/jkells/chrome-trace

--enable-logging --v=1 doesn't seem to work on the latest version of Chrome.

sort csv by column

To sort by MULTIPLE COLUMN (Sort by column_1, and then sort by column_2)

with open('unsorted.csv',newline='') as csvfile:
    spamreader = csv.DictReader(csvfile, delimiter=";")
    sortedlist = sorted(spamreader, key=lambda row:(row['column_1'],row['column_2']), reverse=False)


with open('sorted.csv', 'w') as f:
    fieldnames = ['column_1', 'column_2', column_3]
    writer = csv.DictWriter(f, fieldnames=fieldnames)
    writer.writeheader()
    for row in sortedlist:
        writer.writerow(row)

installing JDK8 on Windows XP - advapi32.dll error

This happens because Oracle dropped support for Windows XP (which doesn't have RegDeleteKeyExA used by the installer in its ADVAPI32.DLL by the way) as described in http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/openjfx-dev/2013-July/009005.html. Yet while the official support for XP has ended, the Java binaries are still (as of Java 8u20 EA b05 at least) XP-compatible - only the installer isn't...

Because of that, the solution is actually quite easy:

  1. get 7-Zip (or any other good unpacker), unpack the distribution .exe manually, it has one .zip file inside of it (tools.zip), extract it too,

  2. use unpack200 from JDK8 to unpack all .pack files to .jar files (older unpacks won't work properly); JAVA_HOME environment variable should be set to your Java unpack root, e.g. "C:\Program Files\Java\jdk8" - you can specify it implicitly by e.g.

    SET JAVA_HOME=C:\Program Files\Java\jdk8
    
    • Unpack all files with a single command (in batch file):

      FOR /R %%f IN (*.pack) DO "%JAVA_HOME%\bin\unpack200.exe" -r -v "%%f" "%%~pf%%~nf.jar"
      
    • Unpack all files with a single command (command line from JRE root):

      FOR /R %f IN (*.pack) DO "bin\unpack200.exe" -r -v "%f" "%~pf%~nf.jar"
      
    • Unpack by manually locating the files and unpacking them one-by-one:

      %JAVA_HOME%\bin\unpack200 -r packname.pack packname.jar
      

    where packname is for example rt

  3. point the tool you want to use (e.g. Netbeans) to the %JAVA_HOME% and you're good to go.

Note: you probably shouldn't do this just to use Java 8 in your web browser or for any similar reason (installing JRE 8 comes to mind); security flaws in early updates of major Java version releases are (mind me) legendary, and adding to that no real support for neither XP nor Java 8 on XP only makes matters much worse. Not to mention you usually don't need Java in your browser (see e.g. http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2013/01/15/disable-java-browsers-homeland-security/ - the topic is already covered on many pages, just Google it if you require further info). In any case, AFAIK the only thing required to apply this procedure to JRE is to change some of the paths specified above from \bin\ to \lib\ (the file placement in installer directory tree is a bit different) - yet I strongly advise against doing it.

See also: How can I get the latest JRE / JDK as a zip file rather than EXE or MSI installer?, JRE 1.7 - java version - returns: java/lang/NoClassDefFoundError: java/lang/Object

Faster alternative in Oracle to SELECT COUNT(*) FROM sometable

Think about it: the database really has to go to every row to do that. In a multi-user environment my COUNT(*) could be different from your COUNT(*). It would be impractical to have a different counter for each and every session so you have literally to count the rows. Most of the time anyway you would have a WHERE clause or a JOIN in your query so your hypothetical counter would be of litte practical value.

There are ways to speed up things however: if you have an INDEX on a NOT NULL column Oracle will count the rows of the index instead of the table. In a proper relational model all tables have a primary key so the COUNT(*) will use the index of the primary key.

Bitmap index have entries for NULL rows so a COUNT(*) will use a bitmap index if there is one available.

Play local (hard-drive) video file with HTML5 video tag?

Ran in to this problem a while ago. Website couldn't access video file on local PC due to security settings (understandable really) ONLY way I could get around it was to run a webserver on the local PC (server2Go) and all references to the video file from the web were to the localhost/video.mp4

<div id="videoDiv">
     <video id="video" src="http://127.0.0.1:4001/videos/<?php $videoFileName?>" width="70%" controls>
    </div>
<!--End videoDiv-->

Not an ideal solution but worked for me.

Getting an object array from an Angular service

Take a look at your code :

 getUsers(): Observable<User[]> {
        return Observable.create(observer => {
            this.http.get('http://users.org').map(response => response.json();
        })
    }

and code from https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/tutorial/toh-pt6.html (BTW. really good tutorial, you should check it out)

 getHeroes(): Promise<Hero[]> {
    return this.http.get(this.heroesUrl)
               .toPromise()
               .then(response => response.json().data as Hero[])
               .catch(this.handleError);
  }

The HttpService inside Angular2 already returns an observable, sou don't need to wrap another Observable around like you did here:

   return Observable.create(observer => {
        this.http.get('http://users.org').map(response => response.json()

Try to follow the guide in link that I provided. You should be just fine when you study it carefully.

---EDIT----

First of all WHERE you log the this.users variable? JavaScript isn't working that way. Your variable is undefined and it's fine, becuase of the code execution order!

Try to do it like this:

  getUsers(): void {
        this.userService.getUsers()
            .then(users => {
               this.users = users
               console.log('this.users=' + this.users);
            });


    }

See where the console.log(...) is!

Try to resign from toPromise() it's seems to be just for ppl with no RxJs background.

Catch another link: https://scotch.io/tutorials/angular-2-http-requests-with-observables Build your service once again with RxJs observables.

How do you install Boost on MacOS?

Just get the source, and compile Boost yourself; it has become very easy. Here is an example for the current version of Boost on the current macOS as of this writing:

  1. Download the the .tar.gz from https://www.boost.org/users/download/#live
  2. Unpack and go into the directory:

    tar -xzf boost_1_50_0.tar.gz
    cd boost_1_50_0

  3. Configure (and build bjam):

    ./bootstrap.sh --prefix=/some/dir/you/would/like/to/prefix
  4. Build:

    ./b2
  5. Install:

    ./b2 install

Depending on the prefix you choose in Step 3, you might need to sudo Step 5, if the script tries copy files to a protected location.

ArithmeticException: "Non-terminating decimal expansion; no exact representable decimal result"

From the Java 11 BigDecimal docs:

When a MathContext object is supplied with a precision setting of 0 (for example, MathContext.UNLIMITED), arithmetic operations are exact, as are the arithmetic methods which take no MathContext object. (This is the only behavior that was supported in releases prior to 5.)

As a corollary of computing the exact result, the rounding mode setting of a MathContext object with a precision setting of 0 is not used and thus irrelevant. In the case of divide, the exact quotient could have an infinitely long decimal expansion; for example, 1 divided by 3.

If the quotient has a nonterminating decimal expansion and the operation is specified to return an exact result, an ArithmeticException is thrown. Otherwise, the exact result of the division is returned, as done for other operations.

To fix, you need to do something like this:

a.divide(b, 2, RoundingMode.HALF_UP)

where 2 is the scale and RoundingMode.HALF_UP is rounding mode

For more details see this blog post.

Is there a way to detach matplotlib plots so that the computation can continue?

Use matplotlib's calls that won't block:

Using draw():

from matplotlib.pyplot import plot, draw, show
plot([1,2,3])
draw()
print('continue computation')

# at the end call show to ensure window won't close.
show()

Using interactive mode:

from matplotlib.pyplot import plot, ion, show
ion() # enables interactive mode
plot([1,2,3]) # result shows immediatelly (implicit draw())

print('continue computation')

# at the end call show to ensure window won't close.
show()

What is the difference between DBMS and RDBMS?

DBMS stands for "Database Management Systems" it includes all Databases. RDBMS are a special Type of DMBS . R in RDBMS implies that the database uses the Relational model. a collection of related tables in the relational model makes up a database.DBMS is used for simple and small application while RDBMS is used for applications with a huge database.DBMS are for smaller organizations where security is not concerned(i.e. DBMS does not impose any constraints) while RDBMS is quitely opposite( RDBMS define the integrity constraint for the purpose of holding ACID PROPERTY).

PHP code to remove everything but numbers

Try this:

preg_replace('/[^0-9]/', '', '604-619-5135');

preg_replace uses PCREs which generally start and end with a /.

Get random boolean in Java

Have you tried looking at the Java Documentation?

Returns the next pseudorandom, uniformly distributed boolean value from this random number generator's sequence ... the values true and false are produced with (approximately) equal probability.

For example:

import java.util.Random;

Random random = new Random();
random.nextBoolean();

MIME types missing in IIS 7 for ASP.NET - 404.17

Fix:

I chose the "ISAPI & CGI Restrictions" after clicking the server name (not the site name) in IIS Manager, and right clicked the "ASP.NET v4.0.30319" lines and chose "Allow".

After turning on ASP.NET from "Programs and Features > Turn Windows features on or off", you must install ASP.NET from the Windows command prompt. The MIME types don't ever show up, but after doing this command, I noticed these extensions showed up under the IIS web site "Handler Mappings" section of IIS Manager.

C:\>cd C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319>dir aspnet_reg*
 Volume in drive C is Windows
 Volume Serial Number is 8EE6-5DD0

 Directory of C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319

03/18/2010  08:23 PM            19,296 aspnet_regbrowsers.exe
03/18/2010  08:23 PM            36,696 aspnet_regiis.exe
03/18/2010  08:23 PM           102,232 aspnet_regsql.exe
               3 File(s)        158,224 bytes
               0 Dir(s)  34,836,508,672 bytes free

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319>aspnet_regiis.exe -i
Start installing ASP.NET (4.0.30319).
.....
Finished installing ASP.NET (4.0.30319).

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319>

However, I still got this error. But if you do what I mentioned for the "Fix", this will go away.

HTTP Error 404.2 - Not Found
The page you are requesting cannot be served because of the ISAPI and CGI Restriction list settings on the Web server.

Display MessageBox in ASP

If you want to do it from code behind, try this:

System.Web.UI.ScriptManager.RegisterClientScriptBlock(this, this.GetType(), "AlertBox", "alert('Message');", true);

PHP: Return all dates between two dates in an array

Simple but like a charm:

    $period = new DatePeriod(new DateTime('2015-01-01'), new DateInterval('P1D'), new DateTime('2015-01-15 +1 day'));
    foreach ($period as $date) {
        $dates[] = $date->format("Y-m-d");
    }

    //ONLY SHOWING
    echo '<pre>';
    var_dump($dates);
    echo '</pre>';
    exit();

"UserWarning: Matplotlib is currently using agg, which is a non-GUI backend, so cannot show the figure." when plotting figure with pyplot on Pycharm

Linux Mint 19. Helped for me:

sudo apt install tk-dev

P.S. Recompile python interpreter after package install.

SQL WHERE condition is not equal to?

Use <> to negate the where clause.

How to Get the HTTP Post data in C#?

In the web browser, open up developer console (F12 in Chrome and IE), then open network tab and watch the request and response data. Another option - use Fiddler (http://fiddler2.com/).

When you get to see the POST request as it is being sent to your page, look into query string and headers. You will see whether your data comes in query string or as form - or maybe it is not being sent to your page at all.

UPDATE: sorry, had to look at MailGun APIs first, they do not go through your browser, requests come directly from their server. You'll have to debug and examine all members of Request.Params when you get the POST from MailGun.

How to merge a list of lists with same type of items to a single list of items?

Here's the C# integrated syntax version:

var items =
    from list in listOfList
    from item in list
    select item;

How to make a redirection on page load in JSF 1.x

Edit 2

I finally found a solution by implementing my forward action like that:

private void applyForward() {
    FacesContext facesContext = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
    // Find where to redirect the user.
    String redirect = getTheFromOutCome();

    // Change the Navigation context.
    NavigationHandler myNav = facesContext.getApplication().getNavigationHandler();
    myNav.handleNavigation(facesContext, null, redirect);

    // Update the view root
    UIViewRoot vr = facesContext.getViewRoot();
    if (vr != null) {
        // Get the URL where to redirect the user
        String url = facesContext.getExternalContext().getRequestContextPath();
        url = url + "/" + vr.getViewId().replace(".xhtml", ".jsf");
        Object obj = facesContext.getExternalContext().getResponse();
        if (obj instanceof HttpServletResponse) {
            HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) obj;
            try {
                // Redirect the user now.
                response.sendRedirect(response.encodeURL(url));
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

It works (at least regarding my first tests), but I still don't like the way it is implemented... Any better idea?


Edit This solution does not work. Indeed, when the doForward() function is called, the JSF lifecycle has already been started, and then recreate a new request is not possible.


One idea to solve this issue, but I don't really like it, is to force the doForward() action during one of the setBindedInputHidden() method:

private boolean actionDefined = false;
private boolean actionParamDefined = false;

public void setHiddenActionParam(HtmlInputHidden hiddenActionParam) {
    this.hiddenActionParam = hiddenActionParam;
    String actionParam = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext().getRequestParameterMap().get("actionParam");
    this.hiddenActionParam.setValue(actionParam);
    actionParamDefined = true;
    forwardAction();
}

public void setHiddenAction(HtmlInputHidden hiddenAction) {
    this.hiddenAction = hiddenAction;
    String action = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext().getRequestParameterMap().get("action");
    this.hiddenAction.setValue(action);
    actionDefined = true;
    forwardAction();
}

private void forwardAction() {
    if (!actionDefined || !actionParamDefined) {
        // As one of the inputHidden was not binded yet, we do nothing...
        return;
    }
    // Now, both action and actionParam inputHidden are binded, we can execute the forward...
    doForward(null);
}

This solution does not involve any Javascript call, and works does not work.

Python loop to run for certain amount of seconds

I was looking for an easier-to-read time-loop when I encountered this question here. Something like:

for sec in max_seconds(10):
      do_something()

So I created this helper:

# allow easy time-boxing: 'for sec in max_seconds(42): do_something()'
def max_seconds(max_seconds, *, interval=1):
    interval = int(interval)
    start_time = time.time()
    end_time = start_time + max_seconds
    yield 0
    while time.time() < end_time:
        if interval > 0:
            next_time = start_time
            while next_time < time.time():
                next_time += interval
            time.sleep(int(round(next_time - time.time())))
        yield int(round(time.time() - start_time))
        if int(round(time.time() + interval)) > int(round(end_time)): 
            return

It only works with full seconds which was OK for my use-case.

Examples:

for sec in max_seconds(10) # -> 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
for sec in max_seconds(10, interval=3) # -> 0, 3, 6, 9
for sec in max_seconds(7): sleep(1.5) # -> 0, 2, 4, 6
for sec in max_seconds(8): sleep(1.5) # -> 0, 2, 4, 6, 8

Be aware that interval isn't that accurate, as I only wait full seconds (sleep never was any good for me with times < 1 sec). So if your job takes 500 ms and you ask for an interval of 1 sec, you'll get called at: 0, 500ms, 2000ms, 2500ms, 4000ms and so on. One could fix this by measuring time in a loop rather than sleep() ...

How to check if a variable is both null and /or undefined in JavaScript

You can wrap it in your own function:

function isNullAndUndef(variable) {

    return (variable !== null && variable !== undefined);
}

Is there a constraint that restricts my generic method to numeric types?

If you are using .NET 4.0 and later then you can just use dynamic as method argument and check in runtime that the passed dynamic argument type is numeric/integer type.

If the type of the passed dynamic is not numeric/integer type then throw exception.

An example short code that implements the idea is something like:

using System;
public class InvalidArgumentException : Exception
{
    public InvalidArgumentException(string message) : base(message) {}
}
public class InvalidArgumentTypeException : InvalidArgumentException
{
    public InvalidArgumentTypeException(string message) : base(message) {}
}
public class ArgumentTypeNotIntegerException : InvalidArgumentTypeException
{
    public ArgumentTypeNotIntegerException(string message) : base(message) {}
}
public static class Program
{
    private static bool IntegerFunction(dynamic n)
    {
        if (n.GetType() != typeof(Int16) &&
            n.GetType() != typeof(Int32) &&
            n.GetType() != typeof(Int64) &&
            n.GetType() != typeof(UInt16) &&
            n.GetType() != typeof(UInt32) &&
            n.GetType() != typeof(UInt64))
            throw new ArgumentTypeNotIntegerException("argument type is not integer type");
        //code that implements IntegerFunction goes here
    }
    private static void Main()
    {
         Console.WriteLine("{0}",IntegerFunction(0)); //Compiles, no run time error and first line of output buffer is either "True" or "False" depends on the code that implements "Program.IntegerFunction" static method.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}",IntegerFunction("string")); //Also compiles but it is run time error and exception of type "ArgumentTypeNotIntegerException" is thrown here.
         Console.WriteLine("This is the last Console.WriteLine output"); //Never reached and executed due the run time error and the exception thrown on the second line of Program.Main static method.
    }

Of course that this solution works in run time only but never in compile time.

If you want a solution that always works in compile time and never in run time then you will have to wrap the dynamic with a public struct/class whose overloaded public constructors accept arguments of the desired types only and give the struct/class appropriate name.

It makes sense that the wrapped dynamic is always private member of the class/struct and it is the only member of the struct/class and the name of the only member of the struct/class is "value".

You will also have to define and implement public methods and/or operators that work with the desired types for the private dynamic member of the class/struct if necessary.

It also makes sense that the struct/class has special/unique constructor that accepts dynamic as argument that initializes it's only private dynamic member called "value" but the modifier of this constructor is private of course.

Once the class/struct is ready define the argument's type of IntegerFunction to be that class/struct that has been defined.

An example long code that implements the idea is something like:

using System;
public struct Integer
{
    private dynamic value;
    private Integer(dynamic n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(Int16 n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(Int32 n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(Int64 n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(UInt16 n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(UInt32 n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(UInt64 n) { this.value = n; }
    public Integer(Integer n) { this.value = n.value; }
    public static implicit operator Int16(Integer n) { return n.value; }
    public static implicit operator Int32(Integer n) { return n.value; }
    public static implicit operator Int64(Integer n) { return n.value; }
    public static implicit operator UInt16(Integer n) { return n.value; }
    public static implicit operator UInt32(Integer n) { return n.value; }
    public static implicit operator UInt64(Integer n) { return n.value; }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, Int16 y) { return new Integer(x.value + y); }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, Int32 y) { return new Integer(x.value + y); }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, Int64 y) { return new Integer(x.value + y); }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return new Integer(x.value + y); }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return new Integer(x.value + y); }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return new Integer(x.value + y); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, Int16 y) { return new Integer(x.value - y); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, Int32 y) { return new Integer(x.value - y); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, Int64 y) { return new Integer(x.value - y); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return new Integer(x.value - y); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return new Integer(x.value - y); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return new Integer(x.value - y); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, Int16 y) { return new Integer(x.value * y); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, Int32 y) { return new Integer(x.value * y); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, Int64 y) { return new Integer(x.value * y); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return new Integer(x.value * y); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return new Integer(x.value * y); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return new Integer(x.value * y); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, Int16 y) { return new Integer(x.value / y); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, Int32 y) { return new Integer(x.value / y); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, Int64 y) { return new Integer(x.value / y); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return new Integer(x.value / y); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return new Integer(x.value / y); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return new Integer(x.value / y); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, Int16 y) { return new Integer(x.value % y); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, Int32 y) { return new Integer(x.value % y); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, Int64 y) { return new Integer(x.value % y); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return new Integer(x.value % y); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return new Integer(x.value % y); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return new Integer(x.value % y); }
    public static Integer operator +(Integer x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x.value + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(Integer x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x.value - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(Integer x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x.value * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(Integer x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x.value / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(Integer x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x.value % y.value); }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, Int16 y) { return x.value == y; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, Int16 y) { return x.value != y; }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, Int32 y) { return x.value == y; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, Int32 y) { return x.value != y; }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, Int64 y) { return x.value == y; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, Int64 y) { return x.value != y; }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return x.value == y; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return x.value != y; }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return x.value == y; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return x.value != y; }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return x.value == y; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return x.value != y; }
    public static bool operator ==(Integer x, Integer y) { return x.value == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(Integer x, Integer y) { return x.value != y.value; }
    public override bool Equals(object obj) { return this == (Integer)obj; }
    public override int GetHashCode() { return this.value.GetHashCode(); }
    public override string ToString() { return this.value.ToString(); }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, Int16 y) { return x.value > y; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, Int16 y) { return x.value < y; }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, Int32 y) { return x.value > y; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, Int32 y) { return x.value < y; }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, Int64 y) { return x.value > y; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, Int64 y) { return x.value < y; }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return x.value > y; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return x.value < y; }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return x.value > y; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return x.value < y; }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return x.value > y; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return x.value < y; }
    public static bool operator >(Integer x, Integer y) { return x.value > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(Integer x, Integer y) { return x.value < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, Int16 y) { return x.value >= y; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, Int16 y) { return x.value <= y; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, Int32 y) { return x.value >= y; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, Int32 y) { return x.value <= y; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, Int64 y) { return x.value >= y; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, Int64 y) { return x.value <= y; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return x.value >= y; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, UInt16 y) { return x.value <= y; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return x.value >= y; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, UInt32 y) { return x.value <= y; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return x.value >= y; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, UInt64 y) { return x.value <= y; }
    public static bool operator >=(Integer x, Integer y) { return x.value >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(Integer x, Integer y) { return x.value <= y.value; }
    public static Integer operator +(Int16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator +(Int32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator +(Int64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator +(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator +(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator +(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x + y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(Int16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(Int32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(Int64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator -(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x - y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(Int16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(Int32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(Int64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator *(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x * y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(Int16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(Int32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(Int64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator /(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x / y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(Int16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x % y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(Int32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x % y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(Int64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x % y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x % y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x % y.value); }
    public static Integer operator %(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return new Integer(x % y.value); }
    public static bool operator ==(Int16 x, Integer y) { return x == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(Int16 x, Integer y) { return x != y.value; }
    public static bool operator ==(Int32 x, Integer y) { return x == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(Int32 x, Integer y) { return x != y.value; }
    public static bool operator ==(Int64 x, Integer y) { return x == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(Int64 x, Integer y) { return x != y.value; }
    public static bool operator ==(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return x == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return x != y.value; }
    public static bool operator ==(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return x == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return x != y.value; }
    public static bool operator ==(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return x == y.value; }
    public static bool operator !=(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return x != y.value; }
    public static bool operator >(Int16 x, Integer y) { return x > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(Int16 x, Integer y) { return x < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >(Int32 x, Integer y) { return x > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(Int32 x, Integer y) { return x < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >(Int64 x, Integer y) { return x > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(Int64 x, Integer y) { return x < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return x > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return x < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return x > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return x < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return x > y.value; }
    public static bool operator <(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return x < y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(Int16 x, Integer y) { return x >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(Int16 x, Integer y) { return x <= y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(Int32 x, Integer y) { return x >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(Int32 x, Integer y) { return x <= y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(Int64 x, Integer y) { return x >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(Int64 x, Integer y) { return x <= y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return x >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(UInt16 x, Integer y) { return x <= y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return x >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(UInt32 x, Integer y) { return x <= y.value; }
    public static bool operator >=(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return x >= y.value; }
    public static bool operator <=(UInt64 x, Integer y) { return x <= y.value; }
}
public static class Program
{
    private static bool IntegerFunction(Integer n)
    {
        //code that implements IntegerFunction goes here
        //note that there is NO code that checks the type of n in rum time, because it is NOT needed anymore 
    }
    private static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}",IntegerFunction(0)); //compile error: there is no overloaded METHOD for objects of type "int" and no implicit conversion from any object, including "int", to "Integer" is known.
        Console.WriteLine("{0}",IntegerFunction(new Integer(0))); //both compiles and no run time error
        Console.WriteLine("{0}",IntegerFunction("string")); //compile error: there is no overloaded METHOD for objects of type "string" and no implicit conversion from any object, including "string", to "Integer" is known.
        Console.WriteLine("{0}",IntegerFunction(new Integer("string"))); //compile error: there is no overloaded CONSTRUCTOR for objects of type "string"
    }
}

Note that in order to use dynamic in your code you must Add Reference to Microsoft.CSharp

If the version of the .NET framework is below/under/lesser than 4.0 and dynamic is undefined in that version then you will have to use object instead and do casting to the integer type, which is trouble, so I recommend that you use at least .NET 4.0 or newer if you can so you can use dynamic instead of object.

One liner for If string is not null or empty else

Old question, but thought I'd add this to help out,

#if DOTNET35
bool isTrulyEmpty = String.IsNullOrEmpty(s) || s.Trim().Length == 0;
#else
bool isTrulyEmpty = String.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(s) ;
#endif

Error: Cannot find module html

I am assuming that test.html is a static file.To render static files use the static middleware like so.

app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));

This tells express to look for static files in the public directory of the application.

Once you have specified this simply point your browser to the location of the file and it should display.

If however you want to render the views then you have to use the appropriate renderer for it.The list of renderes is defined in consolidate.Once you have decided which library to use just install it.I use mustache so here is a snippet of my config file

var engines = require('consolidate');

app.set('views', __dirname + '/views');
app.engine('html', engines.mustache);
app.set('view engine', 'html');

What this does is tell express to

  • look for files to render in views directory

  • Render the files using mustache

  • The extension of the file is .html(you can use .mustache too)

Viewing local storage contents on IE

Edge (as opposed to IE11) has a better UI for Local storage / Session storage and cookies:

  • Open Dev tools (F12)
  • Go to Debugger tab
  • Click the folder icon to show a list of resources - opens in a separate tab

Dev tools screenshot

How do I get whole and fractional parts from double in JSP/Java?

Main logic you have to first find how many digits are there after the decimal point.
This code works for any number upto 16 digits. If you use BigDecimal you can run it just for upto 18 digits. put the input value (your number) to the variable "num", here as an example i have hard coded it.

double num, temp=0;
double frac,j=1;

num=1034.235;
// FOR THE FRACTION PART
do{
j=j*10;
temp= num*j;
}while((temp%10)!=0);       

j=j/10;
temp=(int)num;
frac=(num*j)-(temp*j);

System.out.println("Double number= "+num);      
System.out.println("Whole part= "+(int)num+" fraction part= "+(int)frac);

Pass a PHP array to a JavaScript function

In the following example you have an PHP array, then firstly create a JavaScript array by a PHP array:

<script type="javascript">
    day = new Array(<?php echo implode(',', $day); ?>);
    week = new Array(<?php echo implode(',',$week); ?>);
    month = new Array(<?php echo implode(',',$month); ?>);

    <!--  Then pass it to the JavaScript function:   -->

    drawChart(<?php echo count($day); ?>, day, week, month);
</script>

Issue pushing new code in Github

if you use the git for mac in GUI you can chose Respository->Pull or the "comm+shift+p" to "git pull" first, then publish the source.

How to add an image in Tkinter?

There is no "Syntax Error" in the code above - it either ocurred in some other line (the above is not all of your code, as there are no imports, neither the declaration of your path variable) or you got some other error type.

The example above worked fine for me, testing on the interactive interpreter.

jQuery Show-Hide DIV based on Checkbox Value

ebdiv is set style="display:none;"

it is works show & hide

$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#eb").click(function(){
        $("#ebdiv").toggle();
    });

});

Sorting an array in C?

In C, you can use the built in qsort command:

int compare( const void* a, const void* b)
{
     int int_a = * ( (int*) a );
     int int_b = * ( (int*) b );

     if ( int_a == int_b ) return 0;
     else if ( int_a < int_b ) return -1;
     else return 1;
}

qsort( a, 6, sizeof(int), compare )

see: http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/clibrary/cstdlib/qsort/


To answer the second part of your question: an optimal (comparison based) sorting algorithm is one that runs with O(n log(n)) comparisons. There are several that have this property (including quick sort, merge sort, heap sort, etc.), but which one to use depends on your use case.

As a side note, you can sometime do better than O(n log(n)) if you know something about your data - see the wikipedia article on Radix Sort

Adding +1 to a variable inside a function

You could also pass points to the function: Small example:

def test(points):
    addpoint = raw_input ("type ""add"" to add a point")
    if addpoint == "add":
        points = points + 1
    else:
        print "asd"
    return points;
if __name__ == '__main__':
    points = 0
    for i in range(10):
        points = test(points)
        print points

How do I delete files programmatically on Android?

Why don't you test this with this code:

File fdelete = new File(uri.getPath());
if (fdelete.exists()) {
    if (fdelete.delete()) {
        System.out.println("file Deleted :" + uri.getPath());
    } else {
        System.out.println("file not Deleted :" + uri.getPath());
    }
}

I think part of the problem is you never try to delete the file, you just keep creating a variable that has a method call.

So in your case you could try:

File file = new File(uri.getPath());
file.delete();
if(file.exists()){
      file.getCanonicalFile().delete();
      if(file.exists()){
           getApplicationContext().deleteFile(file.getName());
      }
}

However I think that's a little overkill.

You added a comment that you are using an external directory rather than a uri. So instead you should add something like:

String root = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString();
File file = new File(root + "/images/media/2918"); 

Then try to delete the file.

Finding the number of non-blank columns in an Excel sheet using VBA

Jean-François Corbett's answer is perfect. To be exhaustive I would just like to add that with some restrictons you could also use UsedRange.Columns.Count or UsedRange.Rows.Count.
The problem is that UsedRange is not always updated when deleting rows/columns (at least until you reopen the workbook).

How to create a global variable?

if you want to use it in all of your classes you can use:

public var yourVariable = "something"

if you want to use just in one class you can use :

var yourVariable = "something"

Django CSRF check failing with an Ajax POST request

for someone who comes across this and is trying to debug:

1) the django csrf check (assuming you're sending one) is here

2) In my case, settings.CSRF_HEADER_NAME was set to 'HTTP_X_CSRFTOKEN' and my AJAX call was sending a header named 'HTTP_X_CSRF_TOKEN' so stuff wasn't working. I could either change it in the AJAX call, or django setting.

3) If you opt to change it server-side, find your install location of django and throw a breakpoint in the csrf middleware.f you're using virtualenv, it'll be something like: ~/.envs/my-project/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/middleware/csrf.py

import ipdb; ipdb.set_trace() # breakpoint!!
if request_csrf_token == "":
    # Fall back to X-CSRFToken, to make things easier for AJAX,
    # and possible for PUT/DELETE.
    request_csrf_token = request.META.get(settings.CSRF_HEADER_NAME, '')

Then, make sure the csrf token is correctly sourced from request.META

4) If you need to change your header, etc - change that variable in your settings file

How do I resolve "Please make sure that the file is accessible and that it is a valid assembly or COM component"?

Look here for the answer by TheMattster. I implemented it and it worked like a charm. In a nutshell, his solution suggests to add the COM dll as a resource to the project (so now it compiles into the project's dll), and upon the first run write it to a file (i.e. the dll file I wanted there in the first place).

The following is taken from his answer.

Step 1) Add the DLL as a resource (below as "Resources.DllFile"). To do this open project properties, select the resources tab, select "add existing file" and add the DLL as a resource.

Step 2) Add the name of the DLL as a string resource (below as "Resources.DllName").

Step 3) Add this code to your main form-load:

if (!File.Exists(Properties.Resources.DllName))
{
    var outStream = new StreamWriter(Properties.Resources.DllName, false);
    var binStream = new BinaryWriter(outStream.BaseStream);
    binStream.Write(Properties.Resources.DllFile);
    binStream.Close();
}

My problem was that not only I had to use the COM dll in my project, I also had to deploy it with my app using ClickOnce, and without being able to add reference to it in my project the above solution is practically the only one that worked.

Accessing a Shared File (UNC) From a Remote, Non-Trusted Domain With Credentials

Most SFTP servers support SCP as well which can be a lot easier to find libraries for. You could even just call an existing client from your code like pscp included with PuTTY.

If the type of file you're working with is something simple like a text or XML file, you could even go so far as to write your own client/server implementation to manipulate the file using something like .NET Remoting or web services.

Messagebox with input field

You can do it by making form and displaying it using ShowDialogBox....

Form.ShowDialog Method - Shows the form as a modal dialog box.

Example:

public void ShowMyDialogBox()
{
   Form2 testDialog = new Form2();

   // Show testDialog as a modal dialog and determine if DialogResult = OK.
   if (testDialog.ShowDialog(this) == DialogResult.OK)
   {
      // Read the contents of testDialog's TextBox.
      this.txtResult.Text = testDialog.TextBox1.Text;
   }
   else
   {
      this.txtResult.Text = "Cancelled";
   }
   testDialog.Dispose();
}

Constants in Objective-C

Easiest way:

// Prefs.h
#define PREFS_MY_CONSTANT @"prefs_my_constant"

Better way:

// Prefs.h
extern NSString * const PREFS_MY_CONSTANT;

// Prefs.m
NSString * const PREFS_MY_CONSTANT = @"prefs_my_constant";

One benefit of the second is that changing the value of a constant does not cause a rebuild of your entire program.

Python Timezone conversion

Time conversion

To convert a time in one timezone to another timezone in Python, you could use datetime.astimezone():

so, below code is to convert the local time to other time zone.

  • datetime.datetime.today() - return current the local time
  • datetime.astimezone() - convert the time zone, but we have to pass the time zone.
  • pytz.timezone('Asia/Kolkata') -passing the time zone to pytz module
  • Strftime - Convert Datetime to string
# Time conversion from local time
import datetime
import pytz
dt_today = datetime.datetime.today()   # Local time
dt_India = dt_today.astimezone(pytz.timezone('Asia/Kolkata')) 
dt_London = dt_today.astimezone(pytz.timezone('Europe/London'))
India = (dt_India.strftime('%m/%d/%Y %H:%M'))
London = (dt_London.strftime('%m/%d/%Y %H:%M'))
print("Indian standard time: "+India+" IST")
print("British Summer Time: "+London+" BST")

list all the time zone

import pytz
for tz in pytz.all_timezones:
    print(tz)

Extracting numbers from vectors of strings

Here's an alternative to Arun's first solution, with a simpler Perl-like regular expression:

as.numeric(gsub("[^\\d]+", "", years, perl=TRUE))

Same font except its weight seems different on different browsers

I collected and tested discussed solutions:

Windows10 Prof x64:

* FireFox v.56.0 x32 
* Opera v.49.0
* Google Chrome v.61.0.3163.100 x64-bit

macOs X Serra v.10.12.6 Mac mini (Mid 2010):

* Safari v.10.1.2(12603.3.8)
* FireFox v.57.0 Quantum
* Opera v49.0

Semi (still micro fat in Safari) solved fatty fonts:

text-transform: none; // mac ff fix
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; // safari mac nicer
-moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; // fix fatty ff on mac

Have no visual effect

line-height: 1;
text-rendering: optimizeLegibility; 
speak: none;
font-style: normal;
font-variant: normal;

Wrong visual effect:

-webkit-font-smoothing: subpixel-antialiased !important; //more fatty in safari
text-rendering: geometricPrecision !important; //more fatty in safari

do not forget to set !important when testing or be sure that your style is not overridden

JQuery - Storing ajax response into global variable

Similar to previous answer:

<script type="text/javascript">

    var wait = false;

    $(function(){
        console.log('Loaded...');
        loadPost(5);
    });

    $(window).scroll(function(){
      if($(window).scrollTop() >= $(document).height() - $(window).height()-100){
        // Get last item
        var last = $('.post_id:last-of-type').val();
        loadPost(1,last);
      }
    });

    function loadPost(qty,offset){
      if(wait !== true){

        wait = true;

        var data = {
          items:qty,
          oset:offset
        }

        $.ajax({
            url:"api.php",
            type:"POST",
            dataType:"json",
            data:data,
            success:function(data){
              //var d = JSON.parse(data);
              console.log(data);
              $.each(data.content, function(index, value){
                $('#content').append('<input class="post_id" type="hidden" value="'+value.id+'">')
                $('#content').append('<h2>'+value.id+'</h2>');
                $('#content').append(value.content+'<hr>');
                $('#content').append('<h3>'+value.date+'</h3>');
              });
              wait = false;
            }
        });
      }
    }
</script>