Add line break to ::after or ::before pseudo-element content

137

I do not have access to the HTML or PHP for a page and can only edit via CSS. I've been doing modifications on a site and adding text via the ::after or ::before pseudo-elements and have found that escape Unicode should be used for things such as a space before or after the added content.

How do I add multiple lines in the content property?

In example the HTML break line element is only to visualize what I would like to achieve:

#headerAgentInfoDetailsPhone::after {
  content: 'Office: XXXXX <br /> Mobile: YYYYY ';
}

This question is tagged with css pseudo-element

~ Asked on 2013-06-11 15:15:08

The Best Answer is


265

The content property states:

Authors may include newlines in the generated content by writing the "\A" escape sequence in one of the strings after the 'content' property. This inserted line break is still subject to the 'white-space' property. See "Strings" and "Characters and case" for more information on the "\A" escape sequence.

So you can use:

#headerAgentInfoDetailsPhone:after {
  content:"Office: XXXXX \A Mobile: YYYYY ";
  white-space: pre; /* or pre-wrap */
}

http://jsfiddle.net/XkNxs/

When escaping arbitrary strings, however, it's advisable to use \00000a instead of \A, because any number or [a-f] character followed by the new line may give unpredictable results:

function addTextToStyle(id, text) {
  return `#${id}::after { content: "${text.replace(/"/g, '\\"').replace(/\n/g, '\\00000a')} }"`;
}

~ Answered on 2013-06-11 15:21:04


31

Nice article explaining the basics (does not cover line breaks, however).

A Whole Bunch of Amazing Stuff Pseudo Elements Can Do

If you need to have two inline elements where one breaks into the next line within another element, you can accomplish this by adding a pseudo-element :after with content:'\A' and white-space: pre

HTML

<h3>
    <span class="label">This is the main label</span>
    <span class="secondary-label">secondary label</span>
</h3>

CSS

.label:after {
    content: '\A';
    white-space: pre;
}

~ Answered on 2013-06-11 15:36:17


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