Programs & Examples On #Popupwindow

A window that appears ('pops up', hence the name) when you select an option with a mouse or press a designated function key. Usually, the pop-up window contains a menu of commands and stays on the screen only until you select one of the commands. It then disappears.

how to make pop up Modal?

Modal Window using ExtJS approach.

In Main Window

<link rel="stylesheet" href="ext.css" type="text/css">
<script type="text/javascript" src="ext-all.js"></script>

function openModalDialog() {
    Ext.onReady(function() {
        Ext.create('Ext.window.Window', {
        title: 'Hello',
        height: Ext.getBody().getViewSize().height*0.8,
        width: Ext.getBody().getViewSize().width*0.8,
        layout: 'fit',
        itemId : 'popUpWin',        
        items: [{
            xtype: 'box',
            autoEl: {
                     tag: 'iframe',
                     src: '2.html',
function closeExtWin(isSubmit) {
     if (isSubmit) {
          document.forms[0].userAction.value = "refresh";
   <form action="abc.jsp">
   <a href="javascript:openModalDialog()"> Click to open dialog </a>

In popupWindow 2.html

<script type="text\javascript">
function doSubmit(action) {
     if (action == 'save') {
     } else {
    <a href="javascript:doSubmit('save');" title="Save">Save</a>
    <a href="javascript:doSubmit('cancel');" title="Cancel">Cancel</a>

How to create a popup window (PopupWindow) in Android

are you done with the layout inflating? maybe you can try this!!

View myPoppyView = pw.getContentView();
Button myBelovedButton = (Button)myPoppyView.findViewById(;
//do something with my beloved button? :p

Blur or dim background when Android PopupWindow active

Since PopupWindow just adds a View to WindowManager you can use updateViewLayout (View view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams params) to update the LayoutParams of your PopupWindow's contentView after calling show..().

Setting the window flag FLAG_DIM_BEHIND will dimm everything behind the window. Use dimAmount to control the amount of dim (1.0 for completely opaque to 0.0 for no dim).

Keep in mind that if you set a background to your PopupWindow it will put your contentView into a container, which means you need to update it's parent.

With background:

PopupWindow popup = new PopupWindow(contentView, width, height);

View container = (View) popup.getContentView().getParent();
WindowManager wm = (WindowManager) getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
WindowManager.LayoutParams p = (WindowManager.LayoutParams) container.getLayoutParams();
// add flag
p.flags |= WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DIM_BEHIND;
p.dimAmount = 0.3f;
wm.updateViewLayout(container, p);

Without background:

PopupWindow popup = new PopupWindow(contentView, width, height);

WindowManager wm = (WindowManager) getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
WindowManager.LayoutParams p = (WindowManager.LayoutParams) contentView.getLayoutParams();
// add flag
p.flags |= WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DIM_BEHIND;
p.dimAmount = 0.3f;
wm.updateViewLayout(contentView, p);

Marshmallow Update:

On M PopupWindow wraps the contentView inside a FrameLayout called mDecorView. If you dig into the PopupWindow source you will find something like createDecorView(View contentView).The main purpose of mDecorView is to handle event dispatch and content transitions, which are new to M. This means we need to add one more .getParent() to access the container.

With background that would require a change to something like:

View container = (View) popup.getContentView().getParent().getParent();

Better alternative for API 18+

A less hacky solution using ViewGroupOverlay:

1) Get a hold of the desired root layout

ViewGroup root = (ViewGroup) getWindow().getDecorView().getRootView();

2) Call applyDim(root, 0.5f); or clearDim()

public static void applyDim(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, float dimAmount){
    Drawable dim = new ColorDrawable(Color.BLACK);
    dim.setBounds(0, 0, parent.getWidth(), parent.getHeight());
    dim.setAlpha((int) (255 * dimAmount));

    ViewGroupOverlay overlay = parent.getOverlay();

public static void clearDim(@NonNull ViewGroup parent) {
    ViewGroupOverlay overlay = parent.getOverlay();

How to handle Pop-up in Selenium WebDriver using Java

You can handle popup window or alert box:

Alert alert = driver.switchTo().alert();

You can also decline the alert box:

Alert alert = driver.switchTo().alert();

Popup window in PHP?

You'll have to use JS to open the popup, though you can put it on the page conditionally with PHP, you're right that you'll have to use a JavaScript function.

jQuery function to open link in new window

Button click event only.

<script src="//" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
            $(document).ready(function () {
                $("#btnext").click(function () {                    
          "HTMLPage.htm", "PopupWindow", "width=600,height=600,scrollbars=yes,resizable=no");

RegisterStartupScript from code behind not working when Update Panel is used

You need to use ScriptManager.RegisterStartupScript for Ajax.

protected void ButtonPP_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) {     if (radioBtnACO.SelectedIndex < 0)     {         string csname1 = "PopupScript";          var cstext1 = new StringBuilder();         cstext1.Append("alert('Please Select Criteria!')");          ScriptManager.RegisterStartupScript(this, GetType(), csname1,             cstext1.ToString(), true);     } } 

Add a UIView above all, even the navigation bar

Swift version of @Nicolas Bonnet 's answer:

    var popupWindow: UIWindow?

func showViewController(controller: UIViewController) {
    self.popupWindow = UIWindow(frame: UIScreen.mainScreen().bounds)
    controller.view.frame = self.popupWindow!.bounds
    self.popupWindow!.rootViewController = controller

func viewControllerDidRemove() {
    self.popupWindow = nil

Don't forget that the window must be a strong property, because the original answer leads to an immediate deallocation of the window

Set up git to pull and push all branches

With modern git you always fetch all branches (as remote-tracking branches into refs/remotes/origin/* namespace, visible with git branch -r or git remote show origin).

By default (see documentation of push.default config variable) you push matching branches, which means that first you have to do git push origin branch for git to push it always on git push.

If you want to always push all branches, you can set up push refspec. Assuming that the remote is named origin you can either use git config:

$ git config --add remote.origin.push '+refs/heads/*:refs/heads/*'
$ git config --add remote.origin.push '+refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*'

or directly edit .git/config file to have something like the following:

[remote "origin"]
        url = [email protected]:/srv/git/repo.git
        fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
        fetch = +refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*
        push  = +refs/heads/*:refs/heads/*
        push  = +refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*

How do I specify new lines on Python, when writing on files?

Simplest solution

If you only call print without any arguments, it will output a blank line.


You can pipe the output to a file like this (considering your example):

f = open('out.txt', 'w')
print 'First line' >> f
print >> f
print 'Second line' >> f

Not only is it OS-agnostic (without even having to use the os package), it's also more readable than putting \n within strings.


The print() function has an optional keyword argument for the end of the string, called end, which defaults to the OS's newline character, for eg. \n. So, when you're calling print('hello'), Python is actually printing 'hello' + '\n'. Which means that when you're calling just print without any arguments, it's actually printing '' + '\n', which results in a newline.


Use multi-line strings.

s = """First line
    Second line
    Third line"""
f = open('out.txt', 'w')
print s >> f

How to resolve "gpg: command not found" error during RVM installation?

GnuPG (with binary name gpg) is an application used for public key encryption using the OpenPGP protocol, but also verification of signatures (cryptographic signatures, that also can validate the publisher if used correctly). To some extend, you could say it's for OpenPGP what OpenSSL is for X.509 and TLS.

Unlike most Linux distributions (which make heavy use of GnuPG for ensuring untampered software within their package repositories), Mac OS X does not bring GnuPG with the operating system, so you have to install it on your own.

Possible sources are:

  • Package manager Homebrew: brew install gnupg gnupg2
  • Package manager MacPorts: sudo port install gnupg gnupg2
  • Install from GPGTools, which also brings GUI applications and integration in Apple Mail

How to know if a Fragment is Visible?

You should be able to do the following:

MyFragmentClass test = (MyFragmentClass) getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentByTag("testID");
if (test != null && test.isVisible()) {
     //DO STUFF
else {

NumPy first and last element from array

Using Numpy's fancy indexing:

>>> test
array([ 1, 23,  4,  6,  7,  8])

>>> test[::-1]  # test, reversed
array([ 8,  7,  6,  4, 23,  1])

>>> numpy.vstack([test, test[::-1]])  # stack test and its reverse
array([[ 1, 23,  4,  6,  7,  8],
       [ 8,  7,  6,  4, 23,  1]])

>>> # transpose, then take the first half;
>>> # +1 to cater to odd-length arrays
>>> numpy.vstack([test, test[::-1]]).T[:(len(test) + 1) // 2]
array([[ 1,  8],
       [23,  7],
       [ 4,  6]])

vstack copies the array, but all the other operations are constant-time pointer tricks (including reversal) and hence are very fast.

CSS to set A4 paper size


body {
  background: rgb(204,204,204); 
page[size="A4"] {
  background: white;
  width: 21cm;
  height: 29.7cm;
  display: block;
  margin: 0 auto;
  margin-bottom: 0.5cm;
  box-shadow: 0 0 0.5cm rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
@media print {
  body, page[size="A4"] {
    margin: 0;
    box-shadow: 0;


<page size="A4"></page>
<page size="A4"></page>
<page size="A4"></page>


did you specify the right host or port? error on Kubernetes

I was getting an error when running

sudo kubectl get pods
The connection to the server localhost:8080 was refused - did you specify the right host or port?

Finally for my environment this command parameter works

sudo kubectl --kubeconfig /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf get pods

when executing kubectl as non root.

Resize image proportionally with CSS?

Control size and maintain proportion :

#your-img {
    height: auto; 
    width: auto; 
    max-width: 300px; 
    max-height: 300px;
} mvc @Html.CheckBoxFor

If only one checkbox should be checked in the same time use RadioButtonFor instead:

      @Html.RadioButtonFor(model => model.Type,1, new { @checked = "checked" }) fultime
      @Html.RadioButtonFor(model => model.Type,2) party
      @Html.RadioButtonFor(model => model.Type,3) next option...

If one more one could be checked in the same time use excellent extension: CheckBoxListFor:

Hope,it will help

How do I pass multiple parameters in Objective-C?

You need to delimit each parameter name with a ":" at the very least. Technically the name is optional, but it is recommended for readability. So you could write:

- (NSMutableArray*)getBusStops:(NSString*)busStop :(NSSTimeInterval*)timeInterval;

or what you suggested:

- (NSMutableArray*)getBusStops:(NSString*)busStop forTime:(NSSTimeInterval*)timeInterval;

How to center an element in the middle of the browser window?

Hope this helps. Trick is to use absolute positioning and configure the top and left columns. Of course "dead center" will depend on the size of the object/div you are embedding, so you will need to do some work. For a login window I used the following - it also has some safety with max-width and max-height that may actually be of use to you in your example. Configure the values below to your requirement.

div#wrapper {
    border: 0;
    width: 65%;
    text-align: left;
    position: absolute;
    top:  20%;
    left: 18%;
    height: 50%;
    min-width: 600px;
    max-width: 800px;

Import module from subfolder

Had problems even when existed in subfolder and all that was missing was adding 'as' after import

from folder.file import Class as Class
import folder.file as functions

php static function

In a nutshell, you don't have the object as $this in the second case, as the static method is a function/method of the class not the object instance.

Copy table without copying data



so the keys and indexes are copied over as, well.


How do I pass multiple parameters into a function in PowerShell?

If you're a C# / Java / C++ / Ruby / Python / Pick-A-Language-From-This-Century developer and you want to call your function with commas, because that's what you've always done, then you need something like this:

$myModule = New-Module -ascustomobject { 
    function test($arg1, $arg2) { 
        echo "arg1 = $arg1, and arg2 = $arg2"

Now call:

$myModule.test("ABC", "DEF")

and you'll see

arg1 = ABC, and arg2 = DEF

Hard reset of a single file

To revert to upstream/master do:

git checkout upstream/master -- myfile.txt

Center-align a HTML table

margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

This will definitely work. Cheers

How to get value of checked item from CheckedListBox?

You may try this :

string s = "";

foreach(DataRowView drv in checkedListBox1.CheckedItems)
    s += drv[0].ToString()+",";

What's the most efficient way to test two integer ranges for overlap?

Given two ranges [x1,x2], [y1,y2]

def is_overlapping(x1,x2,y1,y2):
    return max(x1,y1) <= min(x2,y2)

How to add custom Http Header for C# Web Service Client consuming Axis 1.4 Web service

It seems the original author has found their solution, but for anyone else who gets here looking to add actual custom headers, if you have access to mod the generated Protocol code you can override GetWebRequest:

protected override System.Net.WebRequest GetWebRequest(Uri uri)
  System.Net.WebRequest request = base.GetWebRequest(uri);
  request.Headers.Add("myheader", "myheader_value");
  return request;

Make sure you remove the DebuggerStepThroughAttribute attribute if you want to step into it.

This Row already belongs to another table error when trying to add rows?

Why don't you just use CopyToDataTable

DataTable dt = (DataTable)Session["dtAllOrders"];
DataTable dtSpecificOrders = new DataTable();

DataTable orderRows = dt.Select("CustomerID = 2").CopyToDataTable();

jQuery: enabling/disabling datepicker

simply use the following code

 showOn: "off"

it will not show the display of datepicker

Set HTML dropdown selected option using JSTL

Real simple. You just need to have the string 'selected' added to the right option. In the following code, ${ == val ? 'selected' : ' '} will add the string 'selected' if the option's value is the same as the bean value;

<select name="foo" id="foo" value="${}">
    <option value="">ALL</option>
    <c:forEach items="${fooList}" var="val"> 
        <option value="${val}" ${ == val ? 'selected' : ' '}><c:out value="${val}" ></c:out></option>   

Go to next item in ForEach-Object

I know this is an old post, but I wanted to add something I learned for the next folks who land here while googling.

In Powershell 5.1, you want to use continue to move onto the next item in your loop. I tested with 6 items in an array, had a foreach loop through, but put an if statement with:

foreach($i in $array){    
    write-host -fore green "hello $i"
    if($i -like "something"){
        write-host -fore red "$i is bad"
        write-host -fore red "should not see this"

Of the 6 items, the 3rd one was something. As expected, it looped through the first 2, then the matching something gave me the red line where $i matched, I saw something is bad and then it went on to the next item in the array without saying should not see this. I tested with return and it exited the loop altogether.

How do I programmatically "restart" an Android app?

Directly start the initial screen with FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TASK and FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK.

Shorter syntax for casting from a List<X> to a List<Y>?

The direct cast var ListOfY = (List<Y>)ListOfX is not possible because it would require co/contravariance of the List<T> type, and that just can't be guaranteed in every case. Please read on to see the solutions to this casting problem.

While it seems normal to be able to write code like this:

List<Animal> animals = (List<Animal>) mammalList;

because we can guarantee that every mammal will be an animal, this is obviously a mistake:

List<Mammal> mammals = (List<Mammal>) animalList;

since not every animal is a mammal.

However, using C# 3 and above, you can use

IEnumerable<Animal> animals = mammalList.Cast<Animal>();

that eases the casting a little. This is syntactically equivalent to your one-by-one adding code, as it uses an explicit cast to cast each Mammal in the list to an Animal, and will fail if the cast is not successfull.

If you like more control over the casting / conversion process, you could use the ConvertAll method of the List<T> class, which can use a supplied expression to convert the items. It has the added benifit that it returns a List, instead of IEnumerable, so no .ToList() is necessary.

List<object> o = new List<object>();

IEnumerable<string> s1 = o.Cast<string>(); //fails on the 3rd item
List<string> s2 = o.ConvertAll(x => x.ToString()); //succeeds

Return a `struct` from a function in C

There is no issue in passing back a struct. It will be passed by value

But, what if the struct contains any member which has a address of a local variable

struct emp {
    int id;
    char *name;

struct emp get() {
    char *name = "John";

    struct emp e1 = {100, name};

    return (e1);

int main() {

    struct emp e2 = get();


Now, here contains a memory address local to the function get(). Once get() returns, the local address for name would have been freed up. SO, in the caller if we try to access that address, it may cause segmentation fault, as we are trying a freed address. That is bad..

Where as the will be perfectly valid as its value will be copied to

So, we should always try to avoid returning local memory addresses of a function.

Anything malloced can be returned as and when wanted

How do I kill an Activity when the Back button is pressed?

add this to your activity

public boolean onKeyDown(int keyCode, KeyEvent event)
    if ((keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_BACK))
    return super.onKeyDown(keyCode, event);

CSS file not refreshing in browser

This sounds like your browser is caching your css. If you are using Firefox, try loading your page using Shift-Reload.

Handling InterruptedException in Java

As it happens I was just reading about this this morning on my way to work in Java Concurrency In Practice by Brian Goetz. Basically he says you should do one of three things

  1. Propagate the InterruptedException - Declare your method to throw the checked InterruptedException so that your caller has to deal with it.

  2. Restore the Interrupt - Sometimes you cannot throw InterruptedException. In these cases you should catch the InterruptedException and restore the interrupt status by calling the interrupt() method on the currentThread so the code higher up the call stack can see that an interrupt was issued, and quickly return from the method. Note: this is only applicable when your method has "try" or "best effort" semantics, i. e. nothing critical would happen if the method doesn't accomplish its goal. For example, log() or sendMetric() may be such method, or boolean tryTransferMoney(), but not void transferMoney(). See here for more details.

  3. Ignore the interruption within method, but restore the status upon exit - e. g. via Guava's Uninterruptibles. Uninterruptibles take over the boilerplate code like in the Noncancelable Task example in JCIP § 7.1.3.

How to get the HTML's input element of "file" type to only accept pdf files?

Not with the HTML file control, no. A flash file uploader can do that for you though. You could use some client-side code to check for the PDF extension after they select, but you cannot directly control what they can select.

How can I make robocopy silent in the command line except for progress?

The > null does not work in the quotes. It sees the > null as the batch filename.

The robocopy no output worked!!!

Here is the new batch file:

robocopy /mir /B /r:1 /nfl /ndl /njh /njs /nc /ns /np c:\EnvBackup c:\offsite_backup\EnvBackup

robocopy /mir /B /r:1 /nfl /ndl /njh /njs /nc /ns /np c:\shares c:\offsite_backup\shares

robocopy /mir /B /r:1 /nfl /ndl /njh /njs /nc /ns /np c:\Quickbooks_Backup c:\offsite_backup\Quickbooks_Backup

How to drop columns using Rails migration

Give below command it will add in migration file on its own

rails g migration RemoveColumnFromModel

After running above command you can check migration file remove_column code must be added there on its own

Then migrate the db

rake db:migrate

JTable How to refresh table model after insert delete or update the data.

DefaultTableModel dm = (DefaultTableModel)table.getModel();
dm.fireTableDataChanged(); // notifies the JTable that the model has changed

UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xe9' in position 7: ordinal not in range(128)

You need to encode Unicode explicitly before writing to a file, otherwise Python does it for you with the default ASCII codec.

Pick an encoding and stick with it:

f.write(printinfo.encode('utf8') + '\n')

or use to create a file object that'll encode for you as you write to the file:

import io

f =, 'w', encoding='utf8')

You may want to read:

before continuing.

Get class list for element with jQuery

The question is what Jquery is designed to do.

$('.dolor_spec').each(function(){ //do stuff

And why has no one given .find() as an answer?


There is also classList for non-IE browsers:

if element.classList.contains("dolor_spec") {  //do stuff

Assigning the output of a command to a variable


output=$(ps -ef | awk '/siebsvc –s siebsrvr/ && !/awk/ { a++ } END { print a }'); echo $output

Wrapping your command in $( ) tells the shell to run that command, instead of attempting to set the command itself to the variable named "output". (Note that you could also use backticks `command`.)

I can highly recommend to learn more about command substitution.

Also, as 1_CR correctly points out in a comment, the extra space between the equals sign and the assignment is causing it to fail. Here is a simple example on my machine of the behavior you are experiencing:

jed@MBP:~$ foo=$(ps -ef |head -1);echo $foo

jed@MBP:~$ foo= $(ps -ef |head -1);echo $foo
-bash: UID: command not found

Error:Cannot fit requested classes in a single dex file.Try supplying a main-dex list. # methods: 72477 > 65536

Using multidex support should be the last resort. By default gradle build will collect a ton of transitive dependencies for your APK. As recommended in Google Developers Docs, first attempt to remove unnecessary dependencies from your project.

Using command line navigate to Android Projects Root. You can get the compile dependency tree as follows.

gradlew app:dependencies --configuration debugCompileClasspath

You can get full list of dependency tree

gradlew app:dependencies

enter image description here

Then remove the unnecessary or transitive dependencies from your app build.gradle. As an example if your app uses dependency called '' you can exclude the libraries/modules you do not need.

implementation (''){
   exclude group: 'org.apache.httpcomponents'
   exclude group: ''
   exclude group: 'com.fasterxml.jackson.core'

Then in Android Studio Select Build > Analyze APK... Select the release/debug APK file to see the contents. This will give you the methods and references count as follows.

Analyze APK

Accessing all items in the JToken

If you know the structure of the json that you're receiving then I'd suggest having a class structure that mirrors what you're receiving in json.

Then you can call its something like this...

AddressMap addressMap = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<AddressMap>(json);

(Where json is a string containing the json in question)

If you don't know the format of the json you've receiving then it gets a bit more complicated and you'd probably need to manually parse it.

check out for more info

Multiple models in a view

Use a view model that contains multiple view models:

   namespace MyProject.Web.ViewModels
      public class UserViewModel
          public UserDto User { get; set; }
          public ProductDto Product { get; set; }
          public AddressDto Address { get; set; }

In your view:

  @model MyProject.Web.ViewModels.UserViewModel

  @Html.LabelFor(model => model.User.UserName)
  @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Product.ProductName)
  @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Address.StreetName)

Adding timestamp to a filename with mv in BASH

Well, it's not a direct answer to your question, but there's a tool in GNU/Linux whose job is to rotate log files on regular basis, keeping old ones zipped up to a certain limit. It's logrotate

Converting a string to a date in DB2

Okay, seems like a bit of a hack. I have got it to work using a substring, so that only the part of the string with the date (not the time) gets passed into the DATE function...


I will still accept any answers that are better than this one!

Difference between "enqueue" and "dequeue"

These are terms usually used when describing a "FIFO" queue, that is "first in, first out". This works like a line. You decide to go to the movies. There is a long line to buy tickets, you decide to get into the queue to buy tickets, that is "Enqueue". at some point you are at the front of the line, and you get to buy a ticket, at which point you leave the line, that is "Dequeue".

Last Key in Python Dictionary

It seems like you want to do that:


dict.keys() returns a list of your dictionary's keys. Once you got the list, the -1 index allows you getting the last element of a list.

Since a dictionary is unordered*, it's doesn't make sense to get the last key of your dictionary.

Perhaps you want to sort them before. It would look like that:



In Python 3, the code is



This is no longer the case. Dictionary keys are officially ordered as of Python 3.7 (and unofficially in 3.6).

How do you make an element "flash" in jQuery

My way is .fadein, .fadeout .fadein, .fadeout ......


function go1() { $("#demo1").fadeOut(100).fadeIn(100).fadeOut(100).fadeIn(100)}_x000D_
function go2() { $('#demo2').delay(100).fadeOut().fadeIn('slow') }
#demo2 {_x000D_
  text-align: center;_x000D_
  font-family: Helvetica;_x000D_
  background: IndianRed;_x000D_
  height: 50px;_x000D_
  line-height: 50px;_x000D_
  width: 150px;_x000D_
<script src=""></script>_x000D_
<button onclick="go1()">Click Me</button>_x000D_
<div id='demo1'>My Element</div>_x000D_
<button onclick="go2()">Click Me</button> (from comment)_x000D_
<div id='demo2'>My Element</div>

Open JQuery Datepicker by clicking on an image w/ no input field


<div class="CalendarBlock">
    <input type="hidden">


    var $datepicker=$(this).find('input');
    datepicker.datepicker({dateFormat: 'mm/dd/yy'});
    $datepicker.focus(); });

Java Web Service client basic authentication

for Axis2 client this may be helpful

serviceStub = new TestBeanServiceStub("<WEB SERVICE URL>"); // Set your value
HttpTransportProperties.Authenticator basicAuthenticator = new HttpTransportProperties.Authenticator();
List<String> authSchemes = new ArrayList<String>();
basicAuthenticator.setUsername("<UserName>"); // Set your value
basicAuthenticator.setPassword("<Password>"); // Set your value
serviceStub._getServiceClient().getOptions().setProperty(org.apache.axis2.transport.http.HTTPConstants.AUTHENTICATE, basicAuthenticator);
serviceStub._getServiceClient().getOptions().setProperty(org.apache.axis2.transport.http.HTTPConstants.CHUNKED, "false");

UnicodeDecodeError: 'charmap' codec can't decode byte X in position Y: character maps to <undefined>

TLDR? Try: file = open(filename, encoding='cp437)

Why? When one use:

file = open(filename)
text =

Python assumes the file uses the same codepage as current environment (cp1252 in case of the opening post) and tries to decode it to its own default UTF-8. If the file contains characters of values not defined in this codepage (like 0x90) we get UnicodeDecodeError. Sometimes we don't know the encoding of the file, sometimes the file's encoding may be unhandled by Python (like e.g. cp790), sometimes the file can contain mixed encodings.

If such characters are unneeded, one may decide to replace them by question marks, with:

file = open(filename, errors='replace')

Another workaround is to use:

file = open(filename, errors='ignore')

The characters are then left intact, but other errors will be masked too.

Quite good solution is to specify the encoding, yet not any encoding (like cp1252), but the one which has ALL characters defined (like cp437):

file = open(filename, encoding='cp437')

Codepage 437 is the original DOS encoding. All codes are defined, so there are no errors while reading the file, no errors are masked out, the characters are preserved (not quite left intact but still distinguishable).

Open Sublime Text from Terminal in macOS

I achieve this with just one line in terminal (with Sublime 3):

alias subl='/usr/local/bin/sublime'

Running a cron job on Linux every six hours


0 */6 * * * command

. * has to

Enum ToString with user friendly strings

In case you just want to add a whitespace between the words, it is as simple as

string res = Regex.Replace(PublishStatusses.NotCompleted, "[A-Z]", " $0").Trim();

Twitter Bootstrap button click to toggle expand/collapse text section above button


<h4 data-toggle-selector="#me">toggle</h4>
<div id="me">content here</div>


$(function () {
    $('[data-toggle-selector]').on('click',function () {

Rails :include vs. :joins

.joins works as database join and it joins two or more table and fetch selected data from backend(database).

.includes work as left join of database. It loaded all the records of left side, does not have relevance of right hand side model. It is used to eager loading because it load all associated object in memory. If we call associations on include query result then it does not fire a query on database, It simply return data from memory because it have already loaded data in memory.

Free tool to Create/Edit PNG Images?

Paint.NET will create and edit PNGs with gusto. It's an excellent program in many respects. It's free as in beer and speech.

Display Python datetime without time

To convert a string into a date, the easiest way AFAIK is the dateutil module:

import dateutil.parser
datetime_object = dateutil.parser.parse("2013-05-07")

It can also handle time zones:

>>> datetime.datetime(2013, 5, 7, 1, 12, 12, tzinfo=tzutc())

If you have a datetime object, say:

import pytz
import datetime
now =

and you want chop off the time part, then I think it is easier to construct a new object instead of "substracting the time part". It is shorter and more bullet proof:

date_part datetime.datetime(now.year, now.month,, tzinfo=now.tzinfo)

It also keeps the time zone information, it is easier to read and understand than a timedelta substraction, and you also have the option to give a different time zone in the same step (which makes sense, since you will have zero time part anyway).

Changing a specific column name in pandas DataFrame

Pandas 0.21 now has an axis parameter

The rename method has gained an axis parameter to match most of the rest of the pandas API.

So, in addition to this:

df.rename(columns = {'two':'new_name'})

You can do:

df.rename({'two':'new_name'}, axis=1)


df.rename({'two':'new_name'}, axis='columns')

String comparison technique used by Python

A pure Python equivalent for string comparisons would be:

def less(string1, string2):
    # Compare character by character
    for idx in range(min(len(string1), len(string2))):
        # Get the "value" of the character
        ordinal1, ordinal2 = ord(string1[idx]), ord(string2[idx])
        # If the "value" is identical check the next characters
        if ordinal1 == ordinal2:
        # It's not equal so we're finished at this index and can evaluate which is smaller.
            return ordinal1 < ordinal2
    # We're out of characters and all were equal, so the result depends on the length
    # of the strings.
    return len(string1) < len(string2)

This function does the equivalent of the real method (Python 3.6 and Python 2.7) just a lot slower. Also note that the implementation isn't exactly "pythonic" and only works for < comparisons. It's just to illustrate how it works. I haven't checked if it works like Pythons comparison for combined unicode characters.

A more general variant would be:

from operator import lt, gt

def compare(string1, string2, less=True):
    op = lt if less else gt
    for char1, char2 in zip(string1, string2):
        ordinal1, ordinal2 = ord(char1), ord(char1)
        if ordinal1 == ordinal2:
            return op(ordinal1, ordinal2)
    return op(len(string1), len(string2))

jQuery table sort

By far, the easiest one I've used is:

Amazingly simple...just make sure if you go the DOM replacement route (IE, building a table and letting DataTables reformat it) then make sure to format your table with <thead> and <tbody> or it won't work. That's about the only gotcha.

There's also support for AJAX, etc. As with all really good pieces of code, it's also VERY easy to turn it all off. You'd be suprised what you might use, though. I started with a "bare" DataTable that only sorted one field and then realized that some of the features were really relevant to what I'm doing. Clients LOVE the new features.

Bonus points to DataTables for full ThemeRoller support....

I've also had ok luck with tablesorter, but it's not nearly as easy, not quite as well documented, and has only ok features.

What is a "web service" in plain English?

For most sites you have HTML pages that you visit when you use your browser. These are human-readable pages (once rendered in your browser) where a lot of data might be crammed together, because it makes sense for humans.

Now imagine that someone else want to use some of that data. They could download your page and start filtering out all the "noise" to get the data they wanted, but most websites are not built in a way where data is 100% certain to be placed in the same spot for all elements, so in addition to being cumbersome it also becomes unreliable.

Enter web services.

A web service is something that a website chooses to offer to those who wish to read, update and/or delete data from your website. You might call it a "backdoor" to your data. Instead of presenting the data as part of a webpage it is provided in a pre-determined way where some of the more popular are XML and JSON. There are several ways to communicate with a webservice, some use SOAP, others have REST'ful web services, etc.

What is common for all web services is that they are the machine-readable equivelant to the webpages the site otherwise offers. This means that others who wish to use the data can send a request to get certain data back that is easy to parse and use. Some sites may require you to provide a username/password in the request, for sensitive data, while other sites allow anyone to extract whatever data they might need.

Test if registry value exists

The Carbon PowerShell module has a Test-RegistryKeyValue function that will do this check for you. (Disclosure: I am the owner/maintainer of Carbon.)

You have to check that that the registry key exists, first. You then have to handle if the registry key has no values. Most of the examples here are actually testing the value itself, instead of the existence of the value. This will return false negatives if a value is empty or null. Instead, you have to test if a property for the value actually exists on the object returned by Get-ItemProperty.

Here's the code, as it stands today, from the Carbon module:

function Test-RegistryKeyValue
    Tests if a registry value exists.

    The usual ways for checking if a registry value exists don't handle when a value simply has an empty or null value.  This function actually checks if a key has a value with a given name.

    Test-RegistryKeyValue -Path 'hklm:\Software\Carbon\Test' -Name 'Title'

    Returns `True` if `hklm:\Software\Carbon\Test` contains a value named 'Title'.  `False` otherwise.
        # The path to the registry key where the value should be set.  Will be created if it doesn't exist.

        # The name of the value being set.

    if( -not (Test-Path -Path $Path -PathType Container) )
        return $false

    $properties = Get-ItemProperty -Path $Path 
    if( -not $properties )
        return $false

    $member = Get-Member -InputObject $properties -Name $Name
    if( $member )
        return $true
        return $false


Count textarea characters

They say IE has issues with the input event but other than that, the solution is rather straightforward.

ta = document.querySelector("textarea");_x000D_
count = document.querySelector("label");_x000D_
ta.addEventListener("input", function (e) {_x000D_
  count.innerHTML = this.value.length;_x000D_
<textarea id="my-textarea" rows="4" cols="50" maxlength="10">_x000D_
<label for="my-textarea"></label>

C# DateTime to "YYYYMMDDHHMMSS" format

string date = DateTime.Now.ToString("dd-MMM-yy");  //05-Aug-13

Trying to SSH into an Amazon Ec2 instance - permission error

In windows,

  • Right click on the pem file. Then select properties.
  • Select security tab --> Click on Edit --> Remove all other user except current user
  • Go back to security tab again --> Click on Advanced --> Disable inheritance

How to select a range of the second row to the last row

Try this:

Dim Lastrow As Integer
Lastrow = ActiveSheet.Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row

Range("A2:L" & Lastrow).Select

Let's pretend that the value of Lastrow is 50. When you use the following:

Range("A2:L2" & Lastrow).Select

Then it is selecting a range from A2 to L250.

C# how to use enum with switch

Two things. First, you need to qualify the enum reference in your test - rather than "PLUS", it should be "Operator.PLUS". Second, this code would be a lot more readable if you used the enum member names rather than their integral values in the switch statement. I've updated your code:

public enum Operator

public static double Calculate(int left, int right, Operator op)
    switch (op)
        case Operator.PLUS:
            return left + right;

        case Operator.MINUS:
            return left - right;

        case Operator.MULTIPLY:
            return left * right;

        case Operator.DIVIDE:
            return left / right;

Call this with:

Console.WriteLine("The sum of 5 and 5 is " + Calculate(5, 5, Operator.PLUS));

How to enable SOAP on CentOS

On CentOS 7, the following works:

yum install php-soap

This will automatically create a soap.ini under /etc/php.d.

The extension itself for me lives in /usr/lib64/php/modules. You can confirm your extension directory by doing:

php -i | grep extension_dir

Once this has been installed, you can simply restart Apache using the new service manager like so:

systemctl restart httpd

Thanks to Matt Browne for the info about /etc/php.d.

Copying PostgreSQL database to another server

pg_basebackup seems to be the better way of doing this now, especially for large databases.

You can copy a database from a server with the same or older major version. Or more precisely:

pg_basebackup works with servers of the same or an older major version, down to 9.1. However, WAL streaming mode (-X stream) only works with server version 9.3 and later, and tar format mode (--format=tar) of the current version only works with server version 9.5 or later.

For that you need on the source server:

  1. listen_addresses = '*' to be able to connect from the target server. Make sure port 5432 is open for that matter.
  2. At least 1 available replication connection: max_wal_senders = 1 (-X fetch), 2 for -X stream (the default in case of PostgreSQL 12), or more.
  3. wal_level = replica or higher to be able to set max_wal_senders > 0.
  4. host replication postgres DST_IP/32 trust in pg_hba.conf. This grants access to the pg cluster to anyone from the DST_IP machine. You might want to resort to a more secure option.

Changes 1, 2, 3 require server restart, change 4 requires reload.

On the target server:

# systemctl stop postgresql@VERSION-NAME
postgres$ pg_basebackup -h SRC_IP -U postgres -D VERSION/NAME --progress
# systemctl start postgresql@VERSION-NAME


This may happen due to the following reasons -

  1. In your manifest file check the "<uses", like wearable, TV, tablet, etc.
  2. there is a need for some code implementation in BUILD.GRADLE which you may have deleted mistakenly

So by removing the implementation or adding them can remove this error. You can remove the "uses" code in the android manifest file.


  1. this wasted my 1 hour, cause I mistakenly added a class of wearable type, of course, I safe deleted that using refractor but it Didi not made changes to manifest file.

  2. I used the firebase crashlytics code in my java project but I mistakenly deleted that in buld.gradle. Here below: implementation ''

The solution is in either BUILD>GRADLE or in AndroidManifest.xml, mostly.

Correct way to pass multiple values for same parameter name in GET request

I would suggest looking at how browsers handle forms by default. For example take a look at the form element <select multiple> and how it handles multiple values from this example at w3schools.

<form action="/action_page.php">
<select name="cars" multiple>
  <option value="volvo">Volvo</option>
  <option value="saab">Saab</option>
  <option value="opel">Opel</option>
  <option value="audi">Audi</option>
<input type="submit">

For PHP use:

<select name="cars[]" multiple>

Live example from above at

From above if you click "saab, opel" and click submit, it will generate a result of cars=saab&cars=opel. Then depending on the back-end server, the parameter cars should come across as an array that you can further process.

Hope this helps anyone looking for a more 'standard' way of handling this issue.

How can I specify the schema to run an sql file against in the Postgresql command line

You can create one file that contains the set schema ... statement and then include the actual file you want to run:

Create a file run_insert.sql:

set schema 'my_schema_01';
\i myInsertFile.sql

Then call this using:

psql -d myDataBase -a -f run_insert.sql

Format in kotlin string templates

Since String.format is only an extension function (see here) which internally calls java.lang.String.format you could write your own extension function using Java's DecimalFormat if you need more flexibility:

fun Double.format(fracDigits: Int): String {
    val df = DecimalFormat()
    return df.format(this)

println(3.14159.format(2)) // 3.14

Copy Data from a table in one Database to another separate database

We can three part naming like database_name..object_name

The below query will create the table into our database(with out constraints)

INTO DestinationDB..MyDestinationTable 
FROM SourceDB..MySourceTable 

Alternatively you could:

INSERT INTO DestinationDB..MyDestinationTable 
SELECT * FROM SourceDB..MySourceTable

If your destination table exists and is empty.

Remove large .pack file created by git

this is more of a handy solution than a coding one. zip the file. Open the zip in file view format (different from unzipping). Delete the .pack file. Unzip and replace the folder. Works like a charm!

How to get Current Timestamp from Carbon in Laravel 5

Laravel 5.2 <= 5.5

    use Carbon\Carbon; // You need to import Carbon
    $current_time = Carbon::now()->toDayDateTimeString(); // Wed, May 17, 2017 10:42 PM
    $current_timestamp = Carbon::now()->timestamp; // Unix timestamp 1495062127

In addition, this is how to change datetime format for given date & time, in blade:

{{\Carbon\Carbon::parse($dateTime)->format('D, d M \'y, H:i')}}

Laravel 5.6 <

$current_timestamp = now()->timestamp;

Setting default value in select drop-down using Angularjs

Some of the scenarios, object.item would not be loaded or will be undefined.

Use ng-init

<select ng-init="object.item=2" ng-model="object.item"
ng-options=" as for item in list"

Run Java Code Online

there is also (supports many languages)

How to select rows in a DataFrame between two values, in Python Pandas?

Instead of this

df = df[(99 <= df['closing_price'] <= 101)]

You should use this

df = df[(df['closing_price']>=99 ) & (df['closing_price']<=101)]

We have to use NumPy's bitwise Logic operators |, &, ~, ^ for compounding queries. Also, the parentheses are important for operator precedence.

For more info, you can visit the link :Comparisons, Masks, and Boolean Logic

Install specific branch from github using Npm

Another approach would be to add the following line to package.json dependencies:

"package-name": "user/repo#branch"

For example:

"dependencies": {
    ... other dependencies ...

    "react-native": "facebook/react-native#master"

And then do npm install or yarn install

How to override maven property in command line?

See Introduction to the POM

finalName is created as:


One of the solutions is to add own property:


And now try:

mvn -DfinalName=build clean package

How to get a value of an element by name instead of ID

Use the name attribute selector:


It is a mandatory requirement to include quotes around the value, see:

working with negative numbers in python

The abs() in the while condition is needed, since, well, it controls the number of iterations (how would you define a negative number of iterations?). You can correct it by inverting the sign of the result if numb is negative.

So this is the modified version of your code. Note I replaced the while loop with a cleaner for loop.

#get user input of numbers as variables
numa, numb = input("please give 2 numbers to multiply seperated with a comma:")

#standing variables
total = 0

#output the total
for count in range(abs(numb)):
    total += numa

if numb < 0:
    total = -total

print total

Add a new line to the end of a JtextArea

Instead of using JTextArea.setText(String text), use JTextArea.append(String text).

Appends the given text to the end of the document. Does nothing if the model is null or the string is null or empty.

This will add text on to the end of your JTextArea.

Another option would be to use getText() to get the text from the JTextArea, then manipulate the String (add or remove or change the String), then use setText(String text) to set the text of the JTextArea to be the new String.

How to find the size of an int[]?

You have to use sizeof() function.

Code Snippet:

using namespace std;

int main()

      int arr[] ={5, 3, 6, 7};

      int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);

      return 0;

How can I run a php without a web server?

For windows system you should be able to run php by following below steps:

  1. Download php version you want to use and put it in c:\php.
  2. append ;c:\php to your system path using cmd or gui.
  3. call $ php -S localhost:8000 command in a folder which you want to serve the pages from.

Parse error: syntax error, unexpected [

Are you using php 5.4 on your local? the render line is using the new way of initializing arrays. Try replacing ["title" => "Welcome "] with array("title" => "Welcome ")

TSQL Default Minimum DateTime

Unless you are doing a DB to track historical times more than a century ago, using

Modified datetime DEFAULT ((0)) 

is perfectly safe and sound and allows more elegant queries than '1753-01-01' and more efficient queries than NULL.

However, since first Modified datetime is the time at which the record was inserted, you can use:


which avoids the whole issue and makes your inserts easier and safer - as in you don't insert it at all and SQL does the housework :-)

With that in place you can still have elegant and fast queries by using 0 as a practical minimum since it's guranteed to always be lower than any insert-generated GETUTCDATE().

CSS to hide INPUT BUTTON value text

This works in Firefox 3, Internet Explorer 8, Internet Explorer 8 compatibility mode, Opera, and Safari.

*Note: table cell containing this has padding:0 and text-align:center.

background: none;
background-image: url(../images/image.gif);
border: NONE;
width: 41px; /*width of image*/
height: 19px; /*height of image*/
font-size: 0;
padding: 0 0 0 41px;

Class file for not found

All your firebase version should be with same Version whatever it

like this

compile ''
compile ''
compile ''
compile '' 

How to dispatch a Redux action with a timeout?

Don’t fall into the trap of thinking a library should prescribe how to do everything. If you want to do something with a timeout in JavaScript, you need to use setTimeout. There is no reason why Redux actions should be any different.

Redux does offer some alternative ways of dealing with asynchronous stuff, but you should only use those when you realize you are repeating too much code. Unless you have this problem, use what the language offers and go for the simplest solution.

Writing Async Code Inline

This is by far the simplest way. And there’s nothing specific to Redux here.

store.dispatch({ type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', text: 'You logged in.' })
setTimeout(() => {
  store.dispatch({ type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION' })
}, 5000)

Similarly, from inside a connected component:

this.props.dispatch({ type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', text: 'You logged in.' })
setTimeout(() => {
  this.props.dispatch({ type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION' })
}, 5000)

The only difference is that in a connected component you usually don’t have access to the store itself, but get either dispatch() or specific action creators injected as props. However this doesn’t make any difference for us.

If you don’t like making typos when dispatching the same actions from different components, you might want to extract action creators instead of dispatching action objects inline:

// actions.js
export function showNotification(text) {
  return { type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', text }
export function hideNotification() {
  return { type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION' }

// component.js
import { showNotification, hideNotification } from '../actions'

this.props.dispatch(showNotification('You just logged in.'))
setTimeout(() => {
}, 5000)

Or, if you have previously bound them with connect():

this.props.showNotification('You just logged in.')
setTimeout(() => {
}, 5000)

So far we have not used any middleware or other advanced concept.

Extracting Async Action Creator

The approach above works fine in simple cases but you might find that it has a few problems:

  • It forces you to duplicate this logic anywhere you want to show a notification.
  • The notifications have no IDs so you’ll have a race condition if you show two notifications fast enough. When the first timeout finishes, it will dispatch HIDE_NOTIFICATION, erroneously hiding the second notification sooner than after the timeout.

To solve these problems, you would need to extract a function that centralizes the timeout logic and dispatches those two actions. It might look like this:

// actions.js
function showNotification(id, text) {
  return { type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', id, text }
function hideNotification(id) {
  return { type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION', id }

let nextNotificationId = 0
export function showNotificationWithTimeout(dispatch, text) {
  // Assigning IDs to notifications lets reducer ignore HIDE_NOTIFICATION
  // for the notification that is not currently visible.
  // Alternatively, we could store the timeout ID and call
  // clearTimeout(), but we’d still want to do it in a single place.
  const id = nextNotificationId++
  dispatch(showNotification(id, text))

  setTimeout(() => {
  }, 5000)

Now components can use showNotificationWithTimeout without duplicating this logic or having race conditions with different notifications:

// component.js
showNotificationWithTimeout(this.props.dispatch, 'You just logged in.')

// otherComponent.js
showNotificationWithTimeout(this.props.dispatch, 'You just logged out.')    

Why does showNotificationWithTimeout() accept dispatch as the first argument? Because it needs to dispatch actions to the store. Normally a component has access to dispatch but since we want an external function to take control over dispatching, we need to give it control over dispatching.

If you had a singleton store exported from some module, you could just import it and dispatch directly on it instead:

// store.js
export default createStore(reducer)

// actions.js
import store from './store'

// ...

let nextNotificationId = 0
export function showNotificationWithTimeout(text) {
  const id = nextNotificationId++
  store.dispatch(showNotification(id, text))

  setTimeout(() => {
  }, 5000)

// component.js
showNotificationWithTimeout('You just logged in.')

// otherComponent.js
showNotificationWithTimeout('You just logged out.')    

This looks simpler but we don’t recommend this approach. The main reason we dislike it is because it forces store to be a singleton. This makes it very hard to implement server rendering. On the server, you will want each request to have its own store, so that different users get different preloaded data.

A singleton store also makes testing harder. You can no longer mock a store when testing action creators because they reference a specific real store exported from a specific module. You can’t even reset its state from outside.

So while you technically can export a singleton store from a module, we discourage it. Don’t do this unless you are sure that your app will never add server rendering.

Getting back to the previous version:

// actions.js

// ...

let nextNotificationId = 0
export function showNotificationWithTimeout(dispatch, text) {
  const id = nextNotificationId++
  dispatch(showNotification(id, text))

  setTimeout(() => {
  }, 5000)

// component.js
showNotificationWithTimeout(this.props.dispatch, 'You just logged in.')

// otherComponent.js
showNotificationWithTimeout(this.props.dispatch, 'You just logged out.')    

This solves the problems with duplication of logic and saves us from race conditions.

Thunk Middleware

For simple apps, the approach should suffice. Don’t worry about middleware if you’re happy with it.

In larger apps, however, you might find certain inconveniences around it.

For example, it seems unfortunate that we have to pass dispatch around. This makes it trickier to separate container and presentational components because any component that dispatches Redux actions asynchronously in the manner above has to accept dispatch as a prop so it can pass it further. You can’t just bind action creators with connect() anymore because showNotificationWithTimeout() is not really an action creator. It does not return a Redux action.

In addition, it can be awkward to remember which functions are synchronous action creators like showNotification() and which are asynchronous helpers like showNotificationWithTimeout(). You have to use them differently and be careful not to mistake them with each other.

This was the motivation for finding a way to “legitimize” this pattern of providing dispatch to a helper function, and help Redux “see” such asynchronous action creators as a special case of normal action creators rather than totally different functions.

If you’re still with us and you also recognize as a problem in your app, you are welcome to use the Redux Thunk middleware.

In a gist, Redux Thunk teaches Redux to recognize special kinds of actions that are in fact functions:

import { createStore, applyMiddleware } from 'redux'
import thunk from 'redux-thunk'

const store = createStore(

// It still recognizes plain object actions
store.dispatch({ type: 'INCREMENT' })

// But with thunk middleware, it also recognizes functions
store.dispatch(function (dispatch) {
  // ... which themselves may dispatch many times
  dispatch({ type: 'INCREMENT' })
  dispatch({ type: 'INCREMENT' })
  dispatch({ type: 'INCREMENT' })

  setTimeout(() => {
    // ... even asynchronously!
    dispatch({ type: 'DECREMENT' })
  }, 1000)

When this middleware is enabled, if you dispatch a function, Redux Thunk middleware will give it dispatch as an argument. It will also “swallow” such actions so don’t worry about your reducers receiving weird function arguments. Your reducers will only receive plain object actions—either emitted directly, or emitted by the functions as we just described.

This does not look very useful, does it? Not in this particular situation. However it lets us declare showNotificationWithTimeout() as a regular Redux action creator:

// actions.js
function showNotification(id, text) {
  return { type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', id, text }
function hideNotification(id) {
  return { type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION', id }

let nextNotificationId = 0
export function showNotificationWithTimeout(text) {
  return function (dispatch) {
    const id = nextNotificationId++
    dispatch(showNotification(id, text))

    setTimeout(() => {
    }, 5000)

Note how the function is almost identical to the one we wrote in the previous section. However it doesn’t accept dispatch as the first argument. Instead it returns a function that accepts dispatch as the first argument.

How would we use it in our component? Definitely, we could write this:

// component.js
showNotificationWithTimeout('You just logged in.')(this.props.dispatch)

We are calling the async action creator to get the inner function that wants just dispatch, and then we pass dispatch.

However this is even more awkward than the original version! Why did we even go that way?

Because of what I told you before. If Redux Thunk middleware is enabled, any time you attempt to dispatch a function instead of an action object, the middleware will call that function with dispatch method itself as the first argument.

So we can do this instead:

// component.js
this.props.dispatch(showNotificationWithTimeout('You just logged in.'))

Finally, dispatching an asynchronous action (really, a series of actions) looks no different than dispatching a single action synchronously to the component. Which is good because components shouldn’t care whether something happens synchronously or asynchronously. We just abstracted that away.

Notice that since we “taught” Redux to recognize such “special” action creators (we call them thunk action creators), we can now use them in any place where we would use regular action creators. For example, we can use them with connect():

// actions.js

function showNotification(id, text) {
  return { type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', id, text }
function hideNotification(id) {
  return { type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION', id }

let nextNotificationId = 0
export function showNotificationWithTimeout(text) {
  return function (dispatch) {
    const id = nextNotificationId++
    dispatch(showNotification(id, text))

    setTimeout(() => {
    }, 5000)

// component.js

import { connect } from 'react-redux'

// ...

this.props.showNotificationWithTimeout('You just logged in.')

// ...

export default connect(
  { showNotificationWithTimeout }

Reading State in Thunks

Usually your reducers contain the business logic for determining the next state. However, reducers only kick in after the actions are dispatched. What if you have a side effect (such as calling an API) in a thunk action creator, and you want to prevent it under some condition?

Without using the thunk middleware, you’d just do this check inside the component:

// component.js
if (this.props.areNotificationsEnabled) {
  showNotificationWithTimeout(this.props.dispatch, 'You just logged in.')

However, the point of extracting an action creator was to centralize this repetitive logic across many components. Fortunately, Redux Thunk offers you a way to read the current state of the Redux store. In addition to dispatch, it also passes getState as the second argument to the function you return from your thunk action creator. This lets the thunk read the current state of the store.

let nextNotificationId = 0
export function showNotificationWithTimeout(text) {
  return function (dispatch, getState) {
    // Unlike in a regular action creator, we can exit early in a thunk
    // Redux doesn’t care about its return value (or lack of it)
    if (!getState().areNotificationsEnabled) {

    const id = nextNotificationId++
    dispatch(showNotification(id, text))

    setTimeout(() => {
    }, 5000)

Don’t abuse this pattern. It is good for bailing out of API calls when there is cached data available, but it is not a very good foundation to build your business logic upon. If you use getState() only to conditionally dispatch different actions, consider putting the business logic into the reducers instead.

Next Steps

Now that you have a basic intuition about how thunks work, check out Redux async example which uses them.

You may find many examples in which thunks return Promises. This is not required but can be very convenient. Redux doesn’t care what you return from a thunk, but it gives you its return value from dispatch(). This is why you can return a Promise from a thunk and wait for it to complete by calling dispatch(someThunkReturningPromise()).then(...).

You may also split complex thunk action creators into several smaller thunk action creators. The dispatch method provided by thunks can accept thunks itself, so you can apply the pattern recursively. Again, this works best with Promises because you can implement asynchronous control flow on top of that.

For some apps, you may find yourself in a situation where your asynchronous control flow requirements are too complex to be expressed with thunks. For example, retrying failed requests, reauthorization flow with tokens, or a step-by-step onboarding can be too verbose and error-prone when written this way. In this case, you might want to look at more advanced asynchronous control flow solutions such as Redux Saga or Redux Loop. Evaluate them, compare the examples relevant to your needs, and pick the one you like the most.

Finally, don’t use anything (including thunks) if you don’t have the genuine need for them. Remember that, depending on the requirements, your solution might look as simple as

store.dispatch({ type: 'SHOW_NOTIFICATION', text: 'You logged in.' })
setTimeout(() => {
  store.dispatch({ type: 'HIDE_NOTIFICATION' })
}, 5000)

Don’t sweat it unless you know why you’re doing this.

How to create a new schema/new user in Oracle Database 11g?

It's a working example:

CREATE USER auto_exchange IDENTIFIED BY 123456;
GRANT RESOURCE TO auto_exchange;
GRANT CONNECT TO auto_exchange;
GRANT CREATE VIEW TO auto_exchange;

Counter in foreach loop in C#

Probably pointless, but...

foreach (var item in yourList.Select((Value, Index) => new { Value, Index }))
    Console.WriteLine("Value=" + item.Value + ", Index=" + item.Index);

What is "overhead"?

Think about the overhead as the time required to manage the threads and coordinate among them. It is a burden if the thread does not have enough task to do. In such a case the overhead cost over come the saved time through using threading and the code takes more time than the sequential one.

Creating a .dll file in C#.Net

You need to make a class library and not a Console Application. The console application is translated into an .exe whereas the class library will then be compiled into a dll which you can reference in your windows project.

  • Right click on your Console Application -> Properties -> Change the Output type to Class Library

enter image description here

Find an element in DOM based on an attribute value

Here is an example , How to search images in a document by src attribute :


Delete all nodes and relationships in neo4j 1.8

Probably you will want to delete Constraints and Indexes

How can I make my layout scroll both horizontally and vertically?

In this post Scrollview vertical and horizontal in android they talk about a possible solution, quoting:

Matt Clark has built a custom view based on the Android source, and it seems to work perfectly:

Beware that the class in that page has a bug calculating the view's horizonal width. A fix by Manuel Hilty is in the comments:

Solution: Replace the statement on line 808 by the following:

final int childWidthMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(lp.leftMargin + lp.rightMargin, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

Difference between Visual Basic 6.0 and VBA

Do you want compare VBA with VB-Classic (VB6..) or VB.NET?

VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) is a vb-classic-based script language embedded in Microsoft Office applications. I think it's language features are similar to those of VB5 (it just lacks some few builtin functions), but:

You have access to the office document you wrote the VBA-script for and so you can e.g.

  • Write macros (=automated routines for little recurring tasks in your office-work)
  • Define new functions for excel-cell-formula
  • Process office data

Example: Set the value of an excel-cell

ActiveSheet.Cells("A1").Value = "Foo"

VBC and -.NET are no script languages. You use them to write standalone-applications with separate IDE's which you can't do with VBA (VBA-scripts just "exist" in Office)

VBA has nothing to do with VB.NET (they just have a similar syntax).

How to export database schema in Oracle to a dump file

It depends on which version of Oracle? Older versions require exp (export), newer versions use expdp (data pump); exp was deprecated but still works most of the time.

Before starting, note that Data Pump exports to the server-side Oracle "directory", which is an Oracle symbolic location mapped in the database to a physical location. There may be a default directory (DATA_PUMP_DIR), check by querying DBA_DIRECTORIES:

  SQL> select * from dba_directories;

... and if not, create one

  SQL> create directory DATA_PUMP_DIR as '/oracle/dumps';
  SQL> grant all on directory DATA_PUMP_DIR to myuser;    -- DBAs dont need this grant

Assuming you can connect as the SYSTEM user, or another DBA, you can export any schema like so, to the default directory:

 $ expdp system/manager schemas=user1 dumpfile=user1.dpdmp

Or specifying a specific directory, add directory=<directory name>:

 C:\> expdp system/manager schemas=user1 dumpfile=user1.dpdmp directory=DUMPDIR

With older export utility, you can export to your working directory, and even on a client machine that is remote from the server, using:

 $ exp system/manager owner=user1 file=user1.dmp

Make sure the export is done in the correct charset. If you haven't setup your environment, the Oracle client charset may not match the DB charset, and Oracle will do charset conversion, which may not be what you want. You'll see a warning, if so, then you'll want to repeat the export after setting NLS_LANG environment variable so the client charset matches the database charset. This will cause Oracle to skip charset conversion.

Example for American UTF8 (UNIX):


Windows uses SET, example using Japanese UTF8:

 C:\> set NLS_LANG=Japanese_Japan.AL32UTF8

More info on Data Pump here:

Android get current Locale, not default

All answers above - do not work. So I will put here a function that works on 4 and 9 android

private String getCurrentLanguage(){
      return LocaleList.getDefault().get(0).getLanguage();
   } else{
      return Locale.getDefault().getLanguage();

How can I use an array of function pointers?

This "answer" is more of an addendum to VonC's answer; just noting that the syntax can be simplified via a typedef, and aggregate initialization can be used:

typedef int FUNC(int, int);

FUNC sum, subtract, mul, div;
FUNC *p[4] = { sum, subtract, mul, div };

int main(void)
    int result;
    int i = 2, j = 3, op = 2;  // 2: mul

    result = p[op](i, j);   // = 6

// maybe even in another file
int sum(int a, int b) { return a+b; }
int subtract(int a, int b) { return a-b; }
int mul(int a, int b) { return a*b; }
int div(int a, int b) { return a/b; }

Uncaught TypeError: .indexOf is not a function

Convert timeofday to string to use indexOf

var timeofday = new Date().getHours() + (new Date().getMinutes()) / 60;
console.log(typeof(timeofday)) // for testing will log number
function timeD2C(time) { // Converts 11.5 (decimal) to 11:30 (colon)
    var pos = time.indexOf('.');
    var hrs = time.substr(1, pos - 1);
    var min = (time.substr(pos, 2)) * 60;

    if (hrs > 11) {
        hrs = (hrs - 12) + ":" + min + " PM";
    } else {
        hrs += ":" + min + " AM";
    return hrs;
 // "" for typecasting to string
 document.getElementById("oset").innerHTML = timeD2C(""+timeofday);

Test Here

Solution 2

use toString() to convert to string

document.getElementById("oset").innerHTML = timeD2C(timeofday.toString());

jsfiddle with toString()

PHP - how to create a newline character?

Use chr (13) for carriage return and chr (10) for new line

echo $clientid;
echo ' ';
echo $lastname;
echo ' ';
echo chr (13). chr (10);

Wi-Fi Direct and iOS Support

According to this thread:

The peer-to-peer Wi-Fi implemented by iOS (and recent versions of OS X) is not compatible with Wi-Fi Direct. Note Just as an aside, you can access peer-to-peer Wi-Fi without using Multipeer Connectivity. The underlying technology is Bonjour + TCP/IP, and you can access that directly from your app. The WiTap sample code shows how.

Convert a string to an enum in C#

I found that here the case with enum values that have EnumMember value was not considered. So here we go:

using System.Runtime.Serialization;

public static TEnum ToEnum<TEnum>(this string value, TEnum defaultValue) where TEnum : struct
    if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(value))
        return defaultValue;

    TEnum result;
    var enumType = typeof(TEnum);
    foreach (var enumName in Enum.GetNames(enumType))
        var fieldInfo = enumType.GetField(enumName);
        var enumMemberAttribute = ((EnumMemberAttribute[]) fieldInfo.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(EnumMemberAttribute), true)).FirstOrDefault();
        if (enumMemberAttribute?.Value == value)
            return Enum.TryParse(enumName, true, out result) ? result : defaultValue;

    return Enum.TryParse(value, true, out result) ? result : defaultValue;

And example of that enum:

public enum OracleInstanceStatus
    Unknown = -1,
    Started = 1,
    Mounted = 2,
    Open = 3,
    [EnumMember(Value = "OPEN MIGRATE")]
    OpenMigrate = 4

How to run travis-ci locally

tl;dr Use image specified at in combination with

EDIT 2019-12-06

#troubleshooting-locally-in-a-docker-image section was replaced by #running-builds-in-debug-mode which also describes how to SSH to the job running in the debug mode.

EDIT 2019-07-26

#troubleshooting-locally-in-a-docker-image section is no longer part of the docs; here's why

Though, it's still in git history:

Look for (quite old, couldn't find newer) image versions at:

I wanted to inspect why one of the tests in my build failed with an error I din't get locally.


What actually worked was using the image specified at Troubleshooting Locally in a Docker Image docs page. In my case it was travisci/ci-garnet:packer-1512502276-986baf0.

I was able to add travise compile following steps described at

dm@z580:~$ docker run --name travis-debug -dit travisci/ci-garnet:packer-1512502276-986baf0 /sbin/init
dm@z580:~$ docker images
REPOSITORY                       TAG                          IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
travisci/ci-garnet               packer-1512502276-986baf0    6cbda6a950d3        11 months ago       10.2GB
dm@z580:~$ docker exec -it travis-debug bash -l
root@912e43dbfea4:/# su - travis
travis@912e43dbfea4:~$ cd builds/
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds$ git clone
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds$ cd travis-build
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/travis-build$ mkdir -p ~/.travis
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/travis-build$ ln -s $PWD ~/.travis/travis-build
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/travis-build$ gem install bundler
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/travis-build$ bundle install --gemfile ~/.travis/travis-build/Gemfile
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/travis-build$ bundler binstubs travis
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/travis-build$ cd ..
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds$ git clone --depth=50 --branch=master DusanMadar/PySyncDroid
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds$ cd DusanMadar/PySyncDroid/
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/DusanMadar/PySyncDroid$ ~/.travis/travis-build/bin/travis compile >
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/DusanMadar/PySyncDroid$ sed -i 's,--branch\\=\\\x27\\\x27,--branch\\=master,g'
travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/DusanMadar/PySyncDroid$ bash

Everything from .travis.yml was executed as expected (dependencies installed, tests ran, ...).

Note that before running bash I had to change --branch\=\'\'\ to --branch\=master\ (see the second to last sed -i ... command) in

If that doesn't work the command bellow will help to identify the target line number and you can edit the line manually.

travis@912e43dbfea4:~/builds/DusanMadar/PySyncDroid$ cat | grep -in branch
840:    travis_cmd git\ clone\ --depth\=50\ --branch\=\'\'\\ DusanMadar/PySyncDroid --echo --retry --timing
889:export TRAVIS_BRANCH=''

Didn't work.

Followed the accepted answer for this question but didn't find the image (travis-ci-garnet-trusty-1512502259-986baf0) mentioned by instance at

Build worker version points to travis-ci/worker commit and its travis-worker-install references as image registry. So I tried it.

dm@z580:~$ docker run -it -u travis /bin/bash
travis@370c23a773c9:/$ lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description:    Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS
Release:    12.04
Codename:   precise
dm@z580:~$ docker images 
REPOSITORY                       TAG                          IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE   latest                       753a216d776c        3 years ago         5.36GB

Definitely not Trusty (Ubuntu 14.04) and not small either.

.war vs .ear file

war - web archive. It is used to deploy web applications according to the servlet standard. It is a jar file containing a special directory called WEB-INF and several files and directories inside it (web.xml, lib, classes) as well as all the HTML, JSP, images, CSS, JavaScript and other resources of the web application

ear - enterprise archive. It is used to deploy enterprise application containing EJBs, web applications, and 3rd party libraries. It is also a jar file, it has a special directory called APP-INF that contains the application.xml file, and it contains jar and war files.

Jar mismatch! Fix your dependencies

Don't Include the android-support-v4 in the library , instead you can add it to your project as an external jar using build path menu > add external jar

Sometimes you have to clean your project.

Escaping backslash in string - javascript

I think this is closer to the answer you're looking for:

<input type="file">

$file = $(file);
var filename = fileElement[0].files[0].name;

Convert DataTable to CSV stream

You can just write something quickly yourself:

public static class Extensions
    public static string ToCSV(this DataTable table)
        var result = new StringBuilder();
        for (int i = 0; i < table.Columns.Count; i++)
            result.Append(i == table.Columns.Count - 1 ? "\n" : ",");

        foreach (DataRow row in table.Rows)
            for (int i = 0; i < table.Columns.Count; i++)
                result.Append(i == table.Columns.Count - 1 ? "\n" : ",");

        return result.ToString();

And to test:

  public static void Main()
        DataTable table = new DataTable();
        table.Rows.Add("John Doe", "45");
        table.Rows.Add("Jane Doe", "35");
        table.Rows.Add("Jack Doe", "27");
        var bytes = Encoding.GetEncoding("iso-8859-1").GetBytes(table.ToCSV());
        MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream(bytes);

        StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(stream);

EDIT: Re your comments:

It depends on how you want your csv formatted but generally if the text contains special characters, you want to enclose it in double quotes ie: "my,text". You can add checking in the code that creates the csv to check for special characters and encloses the text in double quotes if it is. As for the .NET 2.0 thing, just create it as a helper method in your class or remove the word this in the method declaration and call it like so : Extensions.ToCsv(table);

Select mySQL based only on month and year

Suppose you have a database field created_at Where you take value from timestamp. You want to search by Year & Month from created_at date.

YEAR(date(created_at))=2019 AND MONTH(date(created_at))=2

vba: get unique values from array

No, VBA does not have this functionality. You can use the technique of adding each item to a collection using the item as the key. Since a collection does not allow duplicate keys, the result is distinct values that you can copy to an array, if needed.

You may also want something more robust. See Distinct Values Function at

Distinct Values Function

A VBA Function that will return an array of the distinct values in a range or array of input values.

Excel has some manual methods, such as Advanced Filter, for getting a list of distinct items from an input range. The drawback of using such methods is that you must manually refresh the results when the input data changes. Moreover, these methods work only with ranges, not arrays of values, and, not being functions, cannot be called from worksheet cells or incorporated into array formulas. This page describes a VBA function called DistinctValues that accepts as input either a range or an array of data and returns as its result an array containing the distinct items from the input list. That is, the elements with all duplicates removed. The order of the input elements is preserved. The order of the elements in the output array is the same as the order in the input values. The function can be called from an array entered range on a worksheet (see this page for information about array formulas), or from in an array formula in a single worksheet cell, or from another VB function.

Xcode 6 Bug: Unknown class in Interface Builder file

You need to check the box "Inherit Module From Target" Checkbox

enter image description here

How to submit form on change of dropdown list?

other than using this.form.submit() you also submiting by id or name. example i have form like this : <form action="" name="PostName" id="IdName">

  1. By Name : <select onchange="PostName.submit()">

  2. By Id : <select onchange="IdName.submit()">

Mailbox unavailable. The server response was: 5.7.1 Unable to relay for [email protected]

I was able to fix this issue by changing the mail settings in the portion of my web.config:

    <smtp deliveryMethod="Network">
        <network host="yourserver" defaultCredentials="true"/>

How can I convert a zero-terminated byte array to string?

  • Use slices instead of arrays for reading. For example, io.Reader accepts a slice, not an array.

  • Use slicing instead of zero padding.


buf := make([]byte, 100)
n, err := myReader.Read(buf)
if n == 0 && err != nil {

consume(buf[:n]) // consume() will see an exact (not padded) slice of read data

how to make a cell of table hyperlink

I have also been looking for a solution, and just found this code on another site:

<td style="cursor:pointer" onclick="location.href='mylink.html'">link</td>

Why dict.get(key) instead of dict[key]?

Why dict.get(key) instead of dict[key]?

0. Summary

Comparing to dict[key], dict.get provides a fallback value when looking up for a key.

1. Definition

get(key[, default]) 4. Built-in Types — Python 3.6.4rc1 documentation

Return the value for key if key is in the dictionary, else default. If default is not given, it defaults to None, so that this method never raises a KeyError.

d = {"Name": "Harry", "Age": 17}
In [4]: d['gender']
KeyError: 'gender'
In [5]: d.get('gender', 'Not specified, please add it')
Out[5]: 'Not specified, please add it'

2. Problem it solves.

If without default value, you have to write cumbersome codes to handle such an exception.

def get_harry_info(key):
        return "{}".format(d[key])
    except KeyError:
        return 'Not specified, please add it'
In [9]: get_harry_info('Name')
Out[9]: 'Harry'
In [10]: get_harry_info('Gender')
Out[10]: 'Not specified, please add it'

As a convenient solution, dict.get introduces an optional default value avoiding above unwiedly codes.

3. Conclusion

dict.get has an additional default value option to deal with exception if key is absent from the dictionary

How to set border's thickness in percentages?

Percentage values are not applicable to border-width in CSS. This is listed in the spec.

You will need to use JavaScript to calculate the percentage of the element's width or whatever length quantity you need, and apply the result in px or similar to the element's borders.

Converting PKCS#12 certificate into PEM using OpenSSL

I had a PFX file and needed to create KEY file for NGINX, so I did this:

openssl pkcs12 -in file.pfx -out file.key -nocerts -nodes

Then I had to edit the KEY file and remove all content up to -----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----. After that NGINX accepted the KEY file.

How to connect access database in c#

Try this code,

public void ConnectToAccess()
    System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnection conn = new 
    // TODO: Modify the connection string and include any
    // additional required properties for your database.
    conn.ConnectionString = @"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;" +
        @"Data source= C:\Documents and Settings\username\" +
        @"My Documents\AccessFile.mdb";
        // Insert code to process data.
        catch (Exception ex)
        MessageBox.Show("Failed to connect to data source");

Is there a template engine for Node.js?

You can try beardless (it's inspired by weld/plates):

For example:

{ post:
  { title: "Next generation templating: Start shaving!"
  , text: "TL;DR You should really check out beardless!"
  , comments:
    [ {text: "Hey cool!"}
    , {text: "Really gotta check that out..."}  ]

Your template:

<h1 data-template="post.title"></h1>
<p data-template="post.text"></p>
  <div data-template="post.comments" class="comment">
    <p data-template="post.comments.text"></p>


<h1>Next generation templating: Start shaving!</h1>
<p>TL;DR You should really check out beardless!</p>
  <div class="comment">
    <p>Hey cool!</p>
  <div class="comment">
    <p>Really gotta check that out...</p>

Spring Boot and multiple external configuration files

A modified version of @mxsb solution that allows us to define multiple files and in my case these are yml files.

In my application-dev.yml, I added this config that allows me to inject all the yml that have -dev.yml in them. This can be a list of specific files also. "classpath:/test/test.yml,classpath:/test2/test.yml"

    locations: "classpath*:/**/*-dev.yml"

This helps to get a properties map.


public class PropertiesConfig {

private final static Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(PropertiesConfig.class);

private String[] locations;

private ResourceLoader rl;

Map<String, Properties> myProperties() {
    return stream(locations)
            .collect(toMap(filename -> filename, this::loadProperties));

private Properties loadProperties(final String filename) {

    YamlPropertySourceLoader loader = new YamlPropertySourceLoader();
    try {
        final Resource[] possiblePropertiesResources = ResourcePatternUtils.getResourcePatternResolver(rl).getResources(filename);
        final Properties properties = new Properties();
                .map(resource1 -> {
                    try {
                        return loader.load(resource1.getFilename(), resource1);
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        throw new RuntimeException(e);
                }).flatMap(l ->
                .forEach(propertySource -> {
                    Map source = ((MapPropertySource) propertySource).getSource();

        return properties;
    } catch (IOException e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);

However, if like in my case, I wanted to have to split yml files for each profile and load them and inject that directly into spring configuration before beans initialisation.

    - application.yml
    - application-dev.yml
    - application-prod.yml
    - management-dev.yml
    - management-prod.yml

... you get the idea

The component is slightly different

public class PropertiesConfigurer extends     PropertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurer
    implements EnvironmentAware, InitializingBean {

private final static Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(PropertiesConfigurer.class);

private String[] locations;

private ResourceLoader rl;
private Environment environment;

public void setEnvironment(Environment environment) {
    // save off Environment for later use
    this.environment = environment;

public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
    // Copy property sources to Environment
    MutablePropertySources envPropSources = ((ConfigurableEnvironment) environment).getPropertySources();
    envPropSources.forEach(propertySource -> {
        if (propertySource.containsProperty("")) {
            locations = ((String) propertySource.getProperty("")).split(",");
            stream(locations).forEach(filename -> loadProperties(filename).forEach(source ->{

private List<PropertySource> loadProperties(final String filename) {
    YamlPropertySourceLoader loader = new YamlPropertySourceLoader();
    try {
        final Resource[] possiblePropertiesResources = ResourcePatternUtils.getResourcePatternResolver(rl).getResources(filename);
        final Properties properties = new Properties();
        return stream(possiblePropertiesResources)
                .map(resource1 -> {
                    try {
                        return loader.load(resource1.getFilename(), resource1);
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        throw new RuntimeException(e);
                }).flatMap(l ->
    } catch (IOException e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);


Dynamically create and submit form

Yes, you just forgot the quotes ...


Connection reset by peer: mod_fcgid: error reading data from FastCGI server

I had very similar errors in the Apache2 log files:

(104)Connection reset by peer: mod_fcgid: error reading data from FastCGI server
Premature end of script headers: phpinfo.php

After checking the wrapper scripts and Apache2 settings, I realized that /var/www/ did not have accordant permissions. Thus the FCGId Wrapper scripts could not be read at all.

ls -la /var/www
drwxrws---  5 www-data     www-data     4096 Oct  7 11:17 .

For my scenario chmod -o+rx /var/www was required of course, since the used SuExec users are not member of www-data user group - and they should not be member for security reasons of course.

How to escape "&" in XML?

'&' --> '&amp;'

'<' --> '&lt;'

'>' --> '&gt;'

How can I build multiple submit buttons django form?


if 'newsletter_sub' in request.POST:
    # do subscribe
elif 'newsletter_unsub' in request.POST:
    # do unsubscribe

How do I redirect a user when a button is clicked?

You can easily wrap your button tag with tag.Using Url.Action() HTML Helper this will get to navigate to one page to another.

<a href='@Url.Action("YourAction", "YourController")'>
    <input type='button' value='Dummy Button' />

If you want to navigate with javascript onclick() function then use

<input type='button' value='Dummy Button' onclick='window.location = "@Url.Action("YourAction", "YourController")";' />

How to extract text from a PDF?

An efficient command line tool, open source, free of any fee, available on both linux & windows : simply named pdftotext. This tool is a part of the xpdf library.

How to change the default browser to debug with in Visual Studio 2008?

If you use MVC, you don't have this menu (no "Browse With..." menu)

Create first a normal ASP.NET web site.

Intellisense and code suggestion not working in Visual Studio 2012 Ultimate RC

A. Save or export out your Import/Export settings:

Tools->Import and Export settings

B. Do the Import/ Export reset:

Tools->Import and Export settings->Reset all settings.

C. Go back and reload your original settings again! Intellisense works and you have your original settings back!

How to change the icon of .bat file programmatically?

I'll assume you are talking about Windows, right? I don't believe you can change the icon of a batch file directly. Icons are embedded in .EXE and .DLL files, or pointed to by .LNK files.

You could try to change the file association, but that approach may vary based on the version of Windows you are using. This is down with the registry in XP, but I'm not sure about Vista.

Is an HTTPS query string secure?

Yes, it is. But using GET for sensitive data is a bad idea for several reasons:

  • Mostly HTTP referrer leakage (an external image in the target page might leak the password[1])
  • Password will be stored in server logs (which is obviously bad)
  • History caches in browsers

Therefore, even though Querystring is secured it's not recommended to transfer sensitive data over querystring.

[1] Although I need to note that RFC states that browser should not send referrers from HTTPS to HTTP. But that doesn't mean a bad 3rd party browser toolbar or an external image/flash from an HTTPS site won't leak it.

Spring Boot - How to get the running port

Thanks to @Dirk Lachowski for pointing me in the right direction. The solution isn't as elegant as I would have liked, but I got it working. Reading the spring docs, I can listen on the EmbeddedServletContainerInitializedEvent and get the port once the server is up and running. Here's what it looks like -

import org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.EmbeddedServletContainerInitializedEvent;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

    public class MyListener implements ApplicationListener<EmbeddedServletContainerInitializedEvent> {

      public void onApplicationEvent(final EmbeddedServletContainerInitializedEvent event) {
          int thePort = event.getEmbeddedServletContainer().getPort();

Filtering Table rows using Jquery

I chose @nrodic's answer (thanks, by the way), but it has several drawbacks:

1) If you have rows containing "cat", "dog", "mouse", "cat dog", "cat dog mouse" (each on separate row), then when you search explicitly for "cat dog mouse", you'll be displayed "cat", "dog", "mouse", "cat dog", "cat dog mouse" rows.

2) .toLowerCase() was not implemented, that is, when you enter lower case string, rows with matching upper case text will not be showed.

So I came up with a fork of @nrodic's code, where

var data = this.value; //plain text, not an array


jo.filter(function (i, v) {
    var $t = $(this);
    var stringsFromRowNodes = $t.children("td:nth-child(n)")
    var searchText = data.toLowerCase();
    if (stringsFromRowNodes.contains(searchText)) {
        return true;
    return false;
//show the rows that match.

Here goes the full code:

How to convert C# nullable int to int

The other answers so far are all correct; I just wanted to add one more that's slightly cleaner:

v2 = v1 ?? default(int);

Any Nullable<T> is implicitly convertible to its T, PROVIDED that the entire expression being evaluated can never result in a null assignment to a ValueType. So, the null-coalescing operator ?? is just syntax sugar for the ternary operator:

v2 = v1 == null ? default(int) : v1;

...which is in turn syntax sugar for an if/else:

   v2 = default(int);
   v2 = v1;

Also, as of .NET 4.0, Nullable<T> has a "GetValueOrDefault()" method, which is a null-safe getter that basically performs the null-coalescing shown above, so this works too:

v2 = v1.GetValueOrDefault();

grep regex whitespace behavior

This looks like a behavior difference in the handling of \s between grep 2.5 and newer versions (a bug in old grep?). I confirm your result with grep 2.5.4, but all four of your greps do work when using grep 2.6.3 (Ubuntu 10.10).


GNU grep 2.5.4
echo "foo bar" | grep "\s"
   (doesn't match)


GNU grep 2.6.3
echo "foo bar" | grep "\s"
foo bar

Probably less trouble (as \s is not documented):

Both GNU greps
echo "foo bar" | grep "[[:space:]]"
foo bar

My advice is to avoid using \s ... use [ \t]* or [[:space:]] or something like it instead.

Checking if a variable is not nil and not zero in ruby

class Object
  def nil_zero?
    self.nil? || self == 0

# which lets you do
nil.nil_zero? # returns true
0.nil_zero?   # returns true
1.nil_zero?   # returns false
"a".nil_zero? # returns false

unless discount.nil_zero?
  # do stuff...

Beware of the usual disclaimers... great power/responsibility, monkey patching leading to the dark side etc.

PHP: How to get current time in hour:minute:second?

You can combine both in the same date function call

date("d-m-Y H:i:s");  


This worked for me but only after forcing the specific verbs to be handled by the default handler.

    <add path="*" verb="OPTIONS" type="System.Web.DefaultHttpHandler" validate="true"/>
    <add path="*" verb="TRACE" type="System.Web.DefaultHttpHandler" validate="true"/>
    <add path="*" verb="HEAD" type="System.Web.DefaultHttpHandler" validate="true"/>

You still use the same configuration as you have above, but also force the verbs to be handled with the default handler and validated. Source:

An easy way to test is just to deny GET and see if your site loads.

"Logging out" of phpMyAdmin?

enter image description here

click on this button out your phpAdmin home page

String.replaceAll single backslashes with double backslashes

Yes... by the time the regex compiler sees the pattern you've given it, it sees only a single backslash (since Java's lexer has turned the double backwhack into a single one). You need to replace "\\\\" with "\\\\", believe it or not! Java really needs a good raw string syntax.

How to get a user's client IP address in ASP.NET?

Its easy.Try it:

var remoteIpAddress = Request.HttpContext.Connection.RemoteIpAddress;

just it :))

Differences between "java -cp" and "java -jar"?

I prefer the first version to start a java application just because it has less pitfalls ("welcome to classpath hell"). The second one requires an executable jar file and the classpath for that application has to be defined inside the jar's manifest (all other classpath declaration will be silently ignored...). So with the second version you'd have to look into the jar, read the manifest and try to find out if the classpath entries are valid from where the jar is stored... That's avoidable.

I don't expect any performance advantages or disadvantages for either version. It's just telling the jvm which class to use for the main thread and where it can find the libraries.

Unix ls command: show full path when using options

What about this trick...

ls -lrt -d -1 $PWD/{*,.*}


ls -lrt -d -1 $PWD/*

I think this has problems with empty directories but if another poster has a tweak I'll update my answer. Also, you may already know this but this is probably be a good candidate for an alias given it's lengthiness.

[update] added some tweaks based on comments, thanks guys.

[update] as pointed out by the comments you may need to tweek the matcher expressions depending on the shell (bash vs zsh). I've re-added my older command for reference.

Find the max of 3 numbers in Java with different data types

Java 8 way. Works for multiple parameters:

Stream.of(first, second, third).max(Integer::compareTo).get()

TabLayout tab selection

I am using TabLayout to switch fragments. It works for the most part, except whenever I tried to select a tab programmatically using, my TabLayout.OnTabSelectedListener would trigger the onTabSelected(TabLayout.Tab tab), which would cause me much grief. I was looking for a way to do programmatic selection without triggering the listener.

So I adapted @kenodoggy 's answer to my use. I was further facing a problem where some of the internal objects would return null (because they weren't created yet, because I was answering onActivityResult() from my fragment, which occurs before onCreate() in the case the activity is singleTask or singleInstance) so I wrote up a detailed if/else sequence which would report the error and fall through without the NullPointerException that would otherwise trigger. I use Timber for logging, if you're not using that substitute with Log.e().

void updateSelectedTabTo(int position) {
    if (tabLayout != null){
        int selected = tabLayout.getSelectedTabPosition();
        if (selected != -1){
            TabLayout.Tab oldTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(0);
            if (oldTab != null){
                View view = oldTab.getCustomView();
                if (view != null){
                else {
                    Timber.e("oldTab customView is null");
            else {
                Timber.e("oldTab is null");
        else {
            Timber.e("selected is -1");
        TabLayout.Tab newTab = tabLayout.getTabAt(position);
        if (newTab != null){
            View view = newTab.getCustomView();
            if (view != null){
            else {
                Timber.e("newTab customView is null");
        else {
            Timber.e("newTab is null");
    else {
        Timber.e("tablayout is null");

Here, tabLayout is my memory variable bound to the TabLayout object in my XML. And I don't use the scrolling tab feature so I removed that as well.

Upgrading PHP on CentOS 6.5 (Final)

For CentOS 6, PHP 5.3.3 is the latest version of PHP available through the official CentOS package repository. Keep in mind, even though PHP 5.3.3 was released July 22, 2010, the official CentOS 6 PHP package was updated November 24, 2013. Why? Critical bug fixes are backported. See this question for more information: "Why are outdated packages installed by yum on CentOS? (specifically PHP 5.1) How to fix?"

If you'd like to use a more recent version of PHP, Les RPM de Remi offers CentOS PHP packages via a repository that you can add to the yum package manager. To add it as a yum repository, follow the site's instructions.

Note: Questions of this variety are probably better suited for Server Fault.

How to compare two colors for similarity/difference

I expect you want to analyze a whole image at the end, don't you? So you could check for the smallest/highest difference to the identity color matrix.

Most math operations for processing graphics use matrices, because the possible algorithms using them are often faster than classical point by point distance and comparism calculations. (e.g. for operations using DirectX, OpenGL, ...)

So I think you should start here:

... and as Beska already commented above:

This may not give the best "visible" difference...

Which means also that your algorithm depends onto your definiton of "similar to" if you are processing images.

Xml serialization - Hide null values

I prefer creating my own xml with no auto-generated tags. In this I can ignore creating the nodes with null values:

public static string ConvertToXML<T>(T objectToConvert)
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
        XmlNode root = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, objectToConvert.GetType().Name, string.Empty);
        XmlNode childNode;

        PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
        foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
            if (prop.GetValue(objectToConvert) != null)
                childNode = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, prop.Name, string.Empty);
                childNode.InnerText = prop.GetValue(objectToConvert).ToString();

        return doc.OuterXml;

How do I correctly clone a JavaScript object?

Interested in cloning simple objects:


Source : How to copy JavaScript object to new variable NOT by reference?

Composer: The requested PHP extension ext-intl * is missing from your system

This is bit old question but I had faced same problem on linux base server while installing magento 2.

When I am firing composer update or composer install command from my magento root dir. Its was firing below error.

Problem 1
    - The requested PHP extension ext-intl * is missing from your system. Install or enable PHP's intl extension.
  Problem 2
    - The requested PHP extension ext-mbstring * is missing from your system. Install or enable PHP's mbstring extension.
  Problem 3
    - Installation request for pelago/emogrifier 0.1.1 -> satisfiable by pelago/emogrifier[v0.1.1].
    - pelago/emogrifier v0.1.1 requires ext-mbstring * -> the requested PHP extension mbstring is missing from your system.

Then, I searched for the available intl & intl extensions, using below commands.

yum list php*intl
yum install php-intl.x86_64  

yum list php*mbstring
yum install php-mbstring.x86_64

And it fixed the issue.

height style property doesn't work in div elements

Position absolute fixes it for me. I suggest also adding a semi-colon if you haven't already.

.container {
    width: 22.5%;
    size: 22.5% 22.5%;
    margin-top: 0%;
    border-radius: 10px;
    background-color: floralwhite;
    min-height: 20%;
    position: absolute;
    height: 50%;

Strip / trim all strings of a dataframe

You can use DataFrame.select_dtypes to select string columns and then apply function str.strip.

Notice: Values cannot be types like dicts or lists, because their dtypes is object.

df_obj = df.select_dtypes(['object'])
print (df_obj)
0    a  
1    c  

df[df_obj.columns] = df_obj.apply(lambda x: x.str.strip())
print (df)

   0   1
0  a  10
1  c   5

But if there are only a few columns use str.strip:

df[0] = df[0].str.strip()

Generator expressions vs. list comprehensions

Iterating over the generator expression or the list comprehension will do the same thing. However, the list comprehension will create the entire list in memory first while the generator expression will create the items on the fly, so you are able to use it for very large (and also infinite!) sequences.

How to get only numeric column values?

The other answers indicating using IsNumeric in the where clause are correct, as far as they go, but it's important to remember that it returns 1 if the value can be converted to any numeric type. As such, oddities such as "1d3" will make it through the filter.

If you need only values composed of digits, search for that explicitly:

SELECT column1 FROM table WHERE column1 not like '%[^0-9]%'

The above is filtering to reject any column which contains a non-digit character

Note that in any case, you're going to incur a table scan, indexes are useless for this sort of query.

What does the following Oracle error mean: invalid column index

I had this problem using a prepared statement. I didn't add enough "?" for the "VALUES" My eclipse had crashed after I did add the proper amount, and lost those changes. But that didn't occur to me to be the error until I started combing through the SQL as p.campbell suggested.

Class not registered Error

I was getting the below error in my 32 bit application.

Error: Retrieving the COM class factory for component with CLSID {4911BB26-11EE-4182-B66C-64DF2FA6502D} failed due to the following error: 80040154 Class not registered (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80040154 (REGDB_E_CLASSNOTREG)).

And on setting the "Enable32bitApplications" to true in defaultapplicationpool in IIS worked for me.

Select top 1 result using JPA

Try like this

String sql = "SELECT t FROM table t";
Query query = em.createQuery(sql);
List result = query.getResultList();

It should work


You can also try like this


How to link HTML5 form action to Controller ActionResult method in ASP.NET MVC 4

you make the use of the HTML Helper and have

        Username: <input type="text" name="username" /> <br />
        Password: <input type="text" name="password" /> <br />
        <input type="submit" value="Login">
        <input type="submit" value="Create Account"/>

or use the Url helper

<form method="post" action="@Url.Action("MyAction", "MyController")" >

Html.BeginForm has several (13) overrides where you can specify more information, for example, a normal use when uploading files is using:

@using(Html.BeginForm("myaction", "mycontroller", FormMethod.Post, new {enctype = "multipart/form-data"}))
    < ... >

If you don't specify any arguments, the Html.BeginForm() will create a POST form that points to your current controller and current action. As an example, let's say you have a controller called Posts and an action called Delete

public ActionResult Delete(int id)
   var model = db.GetPostById(id);
   return View(model);

public ActionResult Delete(int id)
    var model = db.GetPostById(id);
    if(model != null) 

    return RedirectToView("Index");

and your html page would be something like:

<h2>Are you sure you want to delete?</h2>
<p>The Post named <strong>@Model.Title</strong> will be deleted.</p>

    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-danger" value="Delete Post"/>
    @Url.ActionLink("go to list", "Index")

Getting file names without extensions

using System;

using System.IO;

public class GetwithoutExtension

    public static void Main()
        //D:Dir dhould exists in ur system
        DirectoryInfo dir1 = new DirectoryInfo(@"D:Dir");
        FileInfo [] files = dir1.GetFiles("*xls", SearchOption.AllDirectories);
        foreach (FileInfo f in files)
            string filename = f.Name.ToString();
            filename= filename.Replace(".xls", "");



Python: pandas merge multiple dataframes

If you are filtering by common date this will return it:

dfs = [df1, df2, df3]
checker = dfs[-1]
check = set(checker.loc[:, 0])

for df in dfs[:-1]:
    check = check.intersection(set(df.loc[:, 0]))

print(checker[checker.loc[:, 0].isin(check)])

Compiling an application for use in highly radioactive environments

You may also be interested in the rich literature on the subject of algorithmic fault tolerance. This includes the old assignment: Write a sort that correctly sorts its input when a constant number of comparisons will fail (or, the slightly more evil version, when the asymptotic number of failed comparisons scales as log(n) for n comparisons).

A place to start reading is Huang and Abraham's 1984 paper "Algorithm-Based Fault Tolerance for Matrix Operations". Their idea is vaguely similar to homomorphic encrypted computation (but it is not really the same, since they are attempting error detection/correction at the operation level).

A more recent descendant of that paper is Bosilca, Delmas, Dongarra, and Langou's "Algorithm-based fault tolerance applied to high performance computing".

Relative Paths in Javascript in an external file

I found this to work for me.

    <script> document.write(unescape('%3Cscript src="' + window.location.protocol + "//" + + "/" + 'js/general.js?ver=2"%3E%3C/script%3E'))</script>

between script tags of course... (I'm not sure why the script tags didn't show up in this post)...

Disable Chrome strict MIME type checking

In case you are using node.js (with express)

If you want to serve static files in node.js, you need to use a function. Add the following code to your js file:


Where app is:

const express = require("express");
const app = express();

Then create a folder called public in you project folder. (You could call it something else, this is just good practice but remember to change it from the function as well.)

Then in this file create another folder named css (and/or images file under css if you want to serve static images as well.) then add your css files to this folder.

After you add them change the stylesheet accordingly. For example if it was:




Make them:


That should work

How do I add an image to a JButton

You put your image in resources folder and use follow code:

JButton btn = new JButton("");
btn.setIcon(new ImageIcon(Class.class.getResource("/resources/img.png")));

Check if string contains a value in array

Simple str_replace with count parameter would work here:

$count = 0;
str_replace($owned_urls, '', $string, $count);
// if replace is successful means the array value is present(Match Found).
if ($count > 0) {
  echo "One of Array value is present in the string.";

More Info -

How to create a function in a cshtml template?

You can use the @helper Razor directive:

@helper WelcomeMessage(string username)
    <p>Welcome, @username.</p>

Then you invoke it like this:

@WelcomeMessage("John Smith")

Simple prime number generator in Python

Just studied the topic, look for the examples in the thread and try to make my version:

from collections import defaultdict
# from pprint import pprint

import re

def gen_primes(limit=None):
    """Sieve of Eratosthenes"""
    not_prime = defaultdict(list)
    num = 2
    while limit is None or num <= limit:
        if num in not_prime:
            for prime in not_prime[num]:
                not_prime[prime + num].append(prime)
            del not_prime[num]
        else:  # Prime number
            yield num
            not_prime[num * num] = [num]
        # It's amazing to debug it this way:
        # pprint([num, dict(not_prime)], width=1)
        # input()
        num += 1

def is_prime(num):
    """Check if number is prime based on Sieve of Eratosthenes"""
    return num > 1 and list(gen_primes(limit=num)).pop() == num

def oneliner_is_prime(num):
    """Simple check if number is prime"""
    return num > 1 and not any([num % x == 0 for x in range(2, num)])

def regex_is_prime(num):
    return re.compile(r'^1?$|^(11+)\1+$').match('1' * num) is None

def simple_is_prime(num):
    """Simple check if number is prime
    More efficient than oneliner_is_prime as it breaks the loop
    for x in range(2, num):
        if num % x == 0:
            return False
    return num > 1

def simple_gen_primes(limit=None):
    """Prime number generator based on simple gen"""
    num = 2
    while limit is None or num <= limit:
        if simple_is_prime(num):
            yield num
        num += 1

if __name__ == "__main__":
    less1000primes = list(gen_primes(limit=1000))
    assert less1000primes == list(simple_gen_primes(limit=1000))
    for num in range(1000):
        assert (
            (num in less1000primes)
            == is_prime(num)
            == oneliner_is_prime(num)
            == regex_is_prime(num)
            == simple_is_prime(num)
    print("Primes less than 1000:")

    from timeit import timeit

            setup="from __main__ import gen_primes",
            setup="from __main__ import simple_gen_primes",
            "[is_prime(num) for num in range(2, 1000)]",
            setup="from __main__ import is_prime",
            "[oneliner_is_prime(num) for num in range(2, 1000)]",
            setup="from __main__ import oneliner_is_prime",
            "[regex_is_prime(num) for num in range(2, 1000)]",
            setup="from __main__ import regex_is_prime",
            "[simple_is_prime(num) for num in range(2, 1000)]",
            setup="from __main__ import simple_is_prime",

The result of running this code show interesting results:

$ python
Primes less than 1000:
[2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97, 101, 103, 107, 109, 113, 127, 131, 137, 139, 149, 151, 157, 163, 167, 173, 179, 181, 191, 193, 197, 199, 211, 223, 227, 229, 233, 239, 241, 251, 257, 263, 269, 271, 277, 281, 283, 293, 307, 311, 313, 317, 331, 337, 347, 349, 353, 359, 367, 373, 379, 383, 389, 397, 401, 409, 419, 421, 431, 433, 439, 443, 449, 457, 461, 463, 467, 479, 487, 491, 499, 503, 509, 521, 523, 541, 547, 557, 563, 569, 571, 577, 587, 593, 599, 601, 607, 613, 617, 619, 631, 641, 643, 647, 653, 659, 661, 673, 677, 683, 691, 701, 709, 719, 727, 733, 739, 743, 751, 757, 761, 769, 773, 787, 797, 809, 811, 821, 823, 827, 829, 839, 853, 857, 859, 863, 877, 881, 883, 887, 907, 911, 919, 929, 937, 941, 947, 953, 967, 971, 977, 983, 991, 997]

gen_primes: 0.6738066330144648
simple_gen_primes: 4.738092333020177
is_prime: 31.83770858097705
oneliner_is_prime: 3.3708438930043485
regex_is_prime: 8.692703998007346
simple_is_prime: 0.4686249239894096

So I can see that we have right answers for different questions here; for a prime number generator gen_primes looks like the right answer; but for a prime number check, the simple_is_prime function is better suited.

This works, but I am always open to better ways to make is_prime function.

How to set String's font size, style in Java using the Font class?

Look here

JComponent has a setFont() method. You will control the font there, not on the String.

Such as

JButton b = new JButton();

RecyclerView inside ScrollView is not working

The best solution is to keep multiple Views in a Single View / View Group and then keep that one view in the SrcollView. ie.

Format -

  <Another View>
       <And Other Views>
  </Another View>



              android:text="any text"

              android:text="any text"

Another Eg. of ScrollView with multiple Views









How would I find the second largest salary from the employee table?

//To select name of employee whose salary is second highest

FROM employee WHERE salary =
       (SELECT MIN(salary) FROM 
             (SELECT TOP (2) salary
              FROM employee
              ORDER BY salary DESC) )

Conversion failed when converting date and/or time from character string while inserting datetime

There are many formats supported by SQL Server - see the MSDN Books Online on CAST and CONVERT. Most of those formats are dependent on what settings you have - therefore, these settings might work some times - and sometimes not.

The way to solve this is to use the (slightly adapted) ISO-8601 date format that is supported by SQL Server - this format works always - regardless of your SQL Server language and dateformat settings.

The ISO-8601 format is supported by SQL Server comes in two flavors:

  • YYYYMMDD for just dates (no time portion); note here: no dashes!, that's very important! YYYY-MM-DD is NOT independent of the dateformat settings in your SQL Server and will NOT work in all situations!


  • YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS for dates and times - note here: this format has dashes (but they can be omitted), and a fixed T as delimiter between the date and time portion of your DATETIME.

This is valid for SQL Server 2000 and newer.

So in your concrete case - use these strings:

insert into table1 values('2012-02-21T18:10:00', '2012-01-01T00:00:00');

and you should be fine (note: you need to use the international 24-hour format rather than 12-hour AM/PM format for this).

Alternatively: if you're on SQL Server 2008 or newer, you could also use the DATETIME2 datatype (instead of plain DATETIME) and your current INSERT would just work without any problems! :-) DATETIME2 is a lot better and a lot less picky on conversions - and it's the recommend date/time data types for SQL Server 2008 or newer anyway.

   CAST('02-21-2012 6:10:00 PM' AS DATETIME2),     -- works just fine
   CAST('01-01-2012 12:00:00 AM' AS DATETIME2)   -- works just fine  

Don't ask me why this whole topic is so tricky and somewhat confusing - that's just the way it is. But with the YYYYMMDD format, you should be fine for any version of SQL Server and for any language and dateformat setting in your SQL Server.

Parse json string using JSON.NET

If your keys are dynamic I would suggest deserializing directly into a DataTable:

    class SampleData
        [JsonProperty(PropertyName = "items")]
        public System.Data.DataTable Items { get; set; }

    public void DerializeTable()
        const string json = @"{items:["
            + @"{""Name"":""AAA"",""Age"":""22"",""Job"":""PPP""},"
            + @"{""Name"":""BBB"",""Age"":""25"",""Job"":""QQQ""},"
            + @"{""Name"":""CCC"",""Age"":""38"",""Job"":""RRR""}]}";
        var sampleData = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<SampleData>(json);
        var table = sampleData.Items;

        // write tab delimited table without knowing column names
        var line = string.Empty;
        foreach (DataColumn column in table.Columns)            
            line += column.ColumnName + "\t";                       

        foreach (DataRow row in table.Rows)
            line = string.Empty;
            foreach (DataColumn column in table.Columns)                
                line += row[column] + "\t";                                   

        // Name   Age   Job    
        // AAA    22    PPP    
        // BBB    25    QQQ    
        // CCC    38    RRR    

You can determine the DataTable column names and types dynamically once deserialized.

How to find patterns across multiple lines using grep?

Here is a solution inspired by this answer:

  • if 'abc' and 'efg' can be on the same line:

      grep -zl 'abc.*efg' <your list of files>
  • if 'abc' and 'efg' must be on different lines:

      grep -Pzl '(?s)abc.*\n.*efg' <your list of files>


  • -P Use perl compatible regular expressions (PCRE).

  • -z Treat the input as a set of lines, each terminated by a zero byte instead of a newline. i.e. grep treats the input as a one big line.

  • -l list matching filenames only.

  • (?s) activate PCRE_DOTALL, which means that '.' finds any character or newline.

How to programmatically turn off WiFi on Android device?

You need the following permissions in your manifest file:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE"></uses-permission>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_WIFI_STATE"></uses-permission>

Then you can use the following in your activity class:

WifiManager wifiManager = (WifiManager) this.getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE); 

Use the following to check if it's enabled or not

boolean wifiEnabled = wifiManager.isWifiEnabled()

You'll find a nice tutorial on the subject on this site.

Renaming Columns in an SQL SELECT Statement

You can alias the column names one by one, like so

SELECT col1 as `MyNameForCol1`, col2 as `MyNameForCol2` 
FROM `foobar`

Edit You can access INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS directly to mangle a new alias like so. However, how you fit this into a query is beyond my MySql skills :(

select CONCAT('Foobar_', COLUMN_NAME)
where TABLE_NAME = 'Foobar'

How to use readline() method in Java?

Use BufferedReader and InputStreamReader classes.

BufferedReader buffer=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(;
String line=buffer.readLine();

Or use java.util.Scanner class methods.

Scanner scan=new Scanner(;

Use Font Awesome icon as CSS content

Update for FontAwesome 5 Thanks to Aurelien

You need to change the font-family to Font Awesome 5 Brands OR Font Awesome 5 Free, based on the type of icon you are trying to render. Also, do not forget to declare font-weight: 900;

a:before {
   font-family: "Font Awesome 5 Free";
   content: "\f095";
   display: inline-block;
   padding-right: 3px;
   vertical-align: middle;
   font-weight: 900;


You can read the rest of the answer below to understand how it works and to know some workarounds for spacing between icon and the text.

FontAwesome 4 and below

That's the wrong way to use it. Open the font awesome style sheet, go to the class of the font you want to use say fa-phone, copy the content property under that class with the entity, and use it like:

a:before {
    font-family: FontAwesome;
    content: "\f095";


Just make sure that if you are looking to target a specific a tag, then consider using a class instead to make it more specific like:

a.class_name:before {
    font-family: FontAwesome;
    content: "\f095";

Using the way above will stick the icon with the remaining text of yours, so if you want to have a bit of space between the two of them, make it display: inline-block; and use some padding-right:

a:before {
    font-family: FontAwesome;
    content: "\f095";
    display: inline-block;
    padding-right: 3px;
    vertical-align: middle;

Extending this answer further, since many might be having a requirement to change an icon on hover, so for that, we can write a separate selector and rules for :hover action:

a:hover:before {
    content: "\f099"; /* Code of the icon you want to change on hover */


Now in the above example, icon nudges because of the different size and you surely don't want that, so you can set a fixed width on the base declaration like

a:before {
    /* Other properties here, look in the above code snippets */
    width: 12px; /* add some desired width here to prevent nudge */


How to clear the canvas for redrawing

A simple, but not very readable way is to write this:

var canvas = document.getElementId('canvas');

// after doing some rendering

canvas.width = canvas.width;  // clear the whole canvas

iOS9 getting error “an SSL error has occurred and a secure connection to the server cannot be made”

The problem is the ssl certificate on server side. Either something is interfering or the certificate doesn't match the service. For instance when a site has a ssl cert for while the service you use runs on That is a different machine.

Property 'catch' does not exist on type 'Observable<any>'

In angular 8:

//for catch:
import { catchError } from 'rxjs/operators';

//for throw:
import { Observable, throwError } from 'rxjs';

//and code should be written like this.

getEmployees(): Observable<IEmployee[]> {
    return this.http.get<IEmployee[]>(this.url).pipe(catchError(this.erroHandler));

  erroHandler(error: HttpErrorResponse) {
    return throwError(error.message || 'server Error');

How to check if a value exists in a dictionary (python)

In Python 3 you can use the values() function of the dictionary. It returns a view object of the values. This, in turn, can be passed to the iter function which returns an iterator object. The iterator can be checked using in, like this,

'one' in iter(d.values())

Or you can use the view object directly since it is similar to a list

'one' in d.values()

How do I render a Word document (.doc, .docx) in the browser using JavaScript?

No browsers currently have the code necessary to render Word Documents, and as far as I know, there are no client-side libraries that currently exist for rendering them either.

However, if you only need to display the Word Document, but don't need to edit it, you can use Google Documents' Viewer via an <iframe> to display a remotely hosted .doc/.docx.

<iframe src=""></iframe>

Solution adapted from "How to display a word document using fancybox".



However, if you'd rather have native support, in most, if not all browsers, I'd recommend resaving the .doc/.docx as a PDF file Those can also be independently rendered using PDF.js by Mozilla.


Huge thanks to fatbotdesigns for posting the Microsoft Office 365 viewer in the comments.

<iframe src='' width='1366px' height='623px' frameborder='0'>This is an embedded <a target='_blank' href=''>Microsoft Office</a> document, powered by <a target='_blank' href=''>Office Online</a>.</iframe>

One more important caveat to keep in mind, as pointed out by lightswitch05, is that this will upload your document to a third-party server. If this is unacceptable, then this method of display isn't the proper course of action.

Live Examples:

Google Docs Viewer

Microsoft Office Viewer

What is the difference between a Relational and Non-Relational Database?

Relational databases have a mathematical basis (set theory, relational theory), which are distilled into SQL == Structured Query Language.

NoSQL's many forms (e.g. document-based, graph-based, object-based, key-value store, etc.) may or may not be based on a single underpinning mathematical theory. As S. Lott has correctly pointed out, hierarchical data stores do indeed have a mathematical basis. The same might be said for graph databases.

I'm not aware of a universal query language for NoSQL databases.

libxml/tree.h no such file or directory

I found that with xCode 4.3.2 I had to enter $(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2 into the Header Search field rather than simply /usr/include/libxml2

How to convert index of a pandas dataframe into a column?

rename_axis + reset_index

You can first rename your index to a desired label, then elevate to a series:

df = df.rename_axis('index1').reset_index()


   index1         gi  ptt_loc
0       0  384444683      593
1       1  384444684      594
2       2  384444686      596

This works also for MultiIndex dataframes:

#                        val
# tick       tag obs        
# 2016-02-26 C   2    0.0139
# 2016-02-27 A   2    0.5577
# 2016-02-28 C   6    0.0303

df = df.rename_axis(['index1', 'index2', 'index3']).reset_index()


       index1 index2  index3     val
0  2016-02-26      C       2  0.0139
1  2016-02-27      A       2  0.5577
2  2016-02-28      C       6  0.0303

Convert a Python int into a big-endian string of bytes

You can use the struct module:

import struct
print struct.pack('>I', your_int)

'>I' is a format string. > means big endian and I means unsigned int. Check the documentation for more format chars.

How to check whether particular port is open or closed on UNIX?

netstat -ano|grep 443|grep LISTEN

will tell you whether a process is listening on port 443 (you might have to replace LISTEN with a string in your language, though, depending on your system settings).

How to list the files in current directory?

I used this answer with my local directory ( for example E:// ) it is worked fine for the first directory and for the seconde directory the output made a java null pointer exception, after searching for the reason i discover that the problem was created by the hidden directory, and this directory was created by windows to avoid this problem just use this

public void recursiveSearch(File file ) {
 File[] filesList = file.listFiles();
    for (File f : filesList) {
        if (f.isDirectory() && !f.isHidden()) {
            System.out.println("Directoy name is  -------------->" + f.getName());
        if( f.isFile() ){
            System.out.println("File name is  -------------->" + f.getName());

How to remove undefined and null values from an object using lodash?

With lodash (or underscore) You may do

var my_object = { a:undefined, b:2, c:4, d:undefined, e:null };

var passedKeys = _.reject(Object.keys(my_object), function(key){ return _.isUndefined(my_object[key]) || _.isNull(my_object[key]) })

newObject = {};
_.each(passedKeys, function(key){
    newObject[key] = my_object[key];

Otherwise, with vanilla JavaScript, you can do

var my_object = { a:undefined, b:2, c:4, d:undefined };
var new_object = {};

    if (typeof my_object[key] != 'undefined' && my_object[key]!=null){
        new_object[key] = my_object[key];

Not to use a falsey test, because not only "undefined" or "null" will be rejected, also is other falsey value like "false", "0", empty string, {}. Thus, just to make it simple and understandable, I opted to use explicit comparison as coded above.

Python Requests package: Handling xml response

requests does not handle parsing XML responses, no. XML responses are much more complex in nature than JSON responses, how you'd serialize XML data into Python structures is not nearly as straightforward.

Python comes with built-in XML parsers. I recommend you use the ElementTree API:

import requests
from xml.etree import ElementTree

response = requests.get(url)

tree = ElementTree.fromstring(response.content)

or, if the response is particularly large, use an incremental approach:

    response = requests.get(url, stream=True)
    # if the server sent a Gzip or Deflate compressed response, decompress
    # as we read the raw stream:
    response.raw.decode_content = True

    events = ElementTree.iterparse(response.raw)
    for event, elem in events:
        # do something with `elem`

The external lxml project builds on the same API to give you more features and power still.

How can I schedule a job to run a SQL query daily?

Here's a sample code:

Exec sp_add_schedule
    @schedule_name = N'SchedulName' 
    @freq_type = 1
    @active_start_time = 08300

How can I keep Bootstrap popovers alive while being hovered?

Same thing for tooltips:

For me following solution works because it does not add event listeners on every 'mouseenter' and it is possible to hover back on the tooltip element which keeps the tooltip alive.

$ ->

    html: true,
    trigger: 'manual'
  on 'mouseenter', ->
    clearTimeout window.tooltipTimeout
    $(this).tooltip('show') unless $('.tooltip:visible').length > 0
  on 'mouseleave', ->
    _this = this
    window.tooltipTimeout = setTimeout ->
    , 100

$(document).on 'mouseenter', '.tooltip', ->
  clearTimeout window.tooltipTimeout

$(document).on 'mouseleave', '.tooltip', ->
  trigger = $($(this).siblings('.element')[0])
  window.tooltipTimeout = setTimeout ->
  , 100

Creating java date object from year,month,day

See JavaDoc:

month - the value used to set the MONTH calendar field. Month value is 0-based. e.g., 0 for January.

So, the month you set is the first month of next year.

Dynamically load a JavaScript file

I used a much less complicated version recently with jQuery:

<script src="scripts/jquery.js"></script>
  var js = ["scripts/jquery.dimensions.js", "scripts/shadedborder.js", "scripts/jqmodal.js", "scripts/main.js"];
  var $head = $("head");
  for (var i = 0; i < js.length; i++) {
    $head.append("<script src=\"" + js[i] + "\"></scr" + "ipt>");

It worked great in every browser I tested it in: IE6/7, Firefox, Safari, Opera.

Update: jQuery-less version:

  var js = ["scripts/jquery.dimensions.js", "scripts/shadedborder.js", "scripts/jqmodal.js", "scripts/main.js"];
  for (var i = 0, l = js.length; i < l; i++) {
    document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].innerHTML += ("<script src=\"" + js[i] + "\"></scr" + "ipt>");

npm install errors with Error: ENOENT, chmod

I had the same problem, and just found a handling not mentioned here. Though I'd contribute to the community:

npm install -g myapp was not copying the bin directory. I found this to be because I did not include it in the files in my package.json

"files": [
  "bin" // this was missing

How to run jenkins as a different user

you can integrate to LDAP or AD as well. It works well.

Most efficient way to check if a file is empty in Java on Windows

Try FileReader, this reader is meant to read stream of character, while FileInputStream is meant to read raw data.

From the Javadoc:

FileReader is meant for reading streams of characters. For reading streams of raw bytes, consider using a FileInputStream.

Since you wanna read a log file, FileReader is the class to use IMO.