Programs & Examples On #Static initialization

How to fill a Javascript object literal with many static key/value pairs efficiently?

It works fine with the object literal notation:

var map = { key : { "aaa", "rrr" }, 
            key2: { "bbb", "ppp" } // trailing comma leads to syntax error in IE!

Btw, the common way to instantiate arrays

var array = [];
// directly with values:
var array = [ "val1", "val2", 3 /*numbers may be unquoted*/, 5, "val5" ];

and objects

var object = {};

Also you can do either:     // this is prefered but you can also do
obj["property"]  // this is the way to go when you have the keyname stored in a var

var key = "property";
obj[key] // is the same like

How can I get System variable value in Java?

To clarify, system variables are the same as environment variables. User environment variables are set per user and are different whenever a different user logs in. System wide environment variables are the same no matter what user logs on.

To access either the current value of a system wide variable or a user variable in Java, see below:

String javaHome = System.getenv("JAVA_HOME");

For more information on environment variables see this wikipedia page.

Also make sure the environment variable you are trying to read is properly set before invoking Java by doing a:


You should see the value of the environment variable. If not, you may need to reopen the shell (DOS) or log off and log back on.

Check if item is in an array / list

Use a lambda function.

Let's say you have an array:

nums = [0,1,5]

Check whether 5 is in nums in Python 3.X:

(len(list(filter (lambda x : x == 5, nums))) > 0)

Check whether 5 is in nums in Python 2.7:

(len(filter (lambda x : x == 5, nums)) > 0)

This solution is more robust. You can now check whether any number satisfying a certain condition is in your array nums.

For example, check whether any number that is greater than or equal to 5 exists in nums:

(len(filter (lambda x : x >= 5, nums)) > 0)

Uncaught TypeError: Cannot set property 'onclick' of null

"blue_box" is null -- are you positive whatever it is with "id='blue'" exists when this is being run?

try console.log(document.getElementById("blue")) in chrome or FF with firebug. Your script might be running before the 'blue' element is loaded. In this case, you'll need to add the event after the page has loaded (window.onload).

z-index issue with twitter bootstrap dropdown menu

This fixed it for me:

.navbar-wrapper {
  z-index: 11;

How can I change the class of an element with jQuery>

Use jQuery's




Programmatically saving image to Django ImageField

class Pin(models.Model):
    """Pin Class"""
    image_link = models.CharField(max_length=255, null=True, blank=True)
    image = models.ImageField(upload_to='images/', blank=True)
    title = models.CharField(max_length=255, null=True, blank=True)
    source_name = models.CharField(max_length=255, null=True, blank=True)
    source_link = models.CharField(max_length=255, null=True, blank=True)
    description = models.TextField(null=True, blank=True)
    tags = models.ForeignKey(Tag, blank=True, null=True)

    def __unicode__(self):
        """Unicode class."""
        return unicode(self.image_link)

    def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
        """Store image locally if we have a URL"""
        if self.image_link and not self.image:
            result = urllib.urlretrieve(self.image_link)
  , File(open(result[0], 'r')))
            super(Pin, self).save()

Number of days in particular month of particular year?

String date = "11-02-2000";
String[] input = date.split("-");
int day = Integer.valueOf(input[0]);
int month = Integer.valueOf(input[1]);
int year = Integer.valueOf(input[2]);
Calendar cal=Calendar.getInstance();
cal.set(Calendar.DATE, day);
//since month number starts from 0 (i.e jan 0, feb 1), 
//we are subtracting original month by 1
int days = cal.getActualMaximum(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);

How to properly highlight selected item on RecyclerView?

UPDATE [26/Jul/2017]:

As the Pawan mentioned in the comment about that IDE warning about not to using that fixed position, I have just modified my code as below. The click listener is moved to ViewHolder, and there I am getting the position using getAdapterPosition() method

int selected_position = 0; // You have to set this globally in the Adapter class

public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder holder, int position) {
    Item item = items.get(position);

    // Here I am just highlighting the background
    holder.itemView.setBackgroundColor(selected_position == position ? Color.GREEN : Color.TRANSPARENT);

public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder implements View.OnClickListener {

    public ViewHolder(View itemView) {

    public void onClick(View v) {
        // Below line is just like a safety check, because sometimes holder could be null,
        // in that case, getAdapterPosition() will return RecyclerView.NO_POSITION
        if (getAdapterPosition() == RecyclerView.NO_POSITION) return;

        // Updating old as well as new positions
        selected_position = getAdapterPosition();

        // Do your another stuff for your onClick

hope this'll help.

How to install gem from GitHub source?

OBSOLETE (see comments)

If the project is from github, and contained in the list on, then you can just add the github repo to the gems sources to install it :

$ gem sources -a
$ sudo gem install username-projectname

How to send HTML email using linux command line

Command Line

Create a file named tmp.html with the following contents:

<b>my bold message</b>

Next, paste the following into the command line (parentheses and all):

  echo To: [email protected]
  echo From: [email protected]
  echo "Content-Type: text/html; "
  echo Subject: a logfile
  cat tmp.html
) | sendmail -t

The mail will be dispatched including a bold message due to the <b> element.

Shell Script

As a script, save the following as

ARG_EMAIL_TO="[email protected]"
ARG_EMAIL_FROM="Your Name <[email protected]>"

  echo "To: ${ARG_EMAIL_TO}"
  echo "From: ${ARG_EMAIL_FROM}"
  echo "Subject: ${ARG_EMAIL_SUBJECT}"
  echo "Mime-Version: 1.0"
  echo "Content-Type: text/html; charset='utf-8'"
  cat contents.html
) | sendmail -t

Create a file named contents.html in the same directory as the script that resembles:

<html><head><title>Subject Line</title></head>
  <p style='color:red'>HTML Content</p>

Run When the email arrives, the HTML Content text will appear red.


How to select all elements with a particular ID in jQuery?

Though there are other correct answers here (such as using classes), from an academic point of view it is of course possible to have multiple divs with the same ID, and it is possible to select them with jQuery.

When you use


it selects only the first element with the given ID.

However, when you select by attribute (e.g. id in your case), it returns all matching elements, like so:


This of course works for selection on any attribute, and you could further refine your selection by specifying the tag in question (e.g. div in your case)


How do I detach objects in Entity Framework Code First?

This is an option:

dbContext.Entry(entity).State = EntityState.Detached;

best OCR (Optical character recognition) example in android

Like you I also faced many problems implementing OCR in Android, but after much Googling I found the solution, and it surely is the best example of OCR.

Let me explain using step-by-step guidance.

First, download the source code from

Import all three projects. After importing you will get an error. To solve the error you have to create a res folder in the tess-two project

enter image description here

First, just create res folder in tess-two by tess-two->RightClick->new Folder->Name it "res"

After doing this in all three project the error should be gone.

Now download the source code from, here you will get best example.

Now you just need to import it into your workspace, but first you have to download android-ndk from this site: i have windows 7 - 32 bit PC so I have download this file

Now extract it suppose I have extract it into E:\Software\android-ndk-r9 so I will set this path on Environment Variable

Right Click on MyComputer->Property->Advance-System-Settings->Advance->Environment Variable-> find PATH on second below Box and set like path like below picture

enter image description here

done it

Now open cmd and go to on D:\Android Workspace\tess-two like below

enter image description here

If you have successfully set up environment variable of NDK then just type ndk-build just like above picture than enter you will not get any kind of error and all file will be compiled successfully:

Now download other source code also from , and extract and import it and give it name OCRTest, like in my PC which is in D:\Android Workspace\OCRTest

enter image description here

Import test-two in this and run OCRTest and run it; you will get the best example of OCR.

How to iterate object in JavaScript?

You can do it with the below code. You first get the data array using and assign it to the data variable. After that you can iterate it using a normal for loop. Each row will be a row object in the array.

var data =;

for (var i in data)
     var id = data[i].id;
     var name = data[i].name;

You can follow similar approach to iterate the image array.

What is a practical use for a closure in JavaScript?

Here I have one simple example of the closure concept which we can use for in our E-commerce site or many others as well.

I am adding my JSFiddle link with the example. It contains a small product list of three items and one cart counter.


// Counter closure implemented function;
var CartCouter = function(){
  var counter = 0;

  function changeCounter(val){
      counter += val

  return {
      increment: function(){
    decrement: function(){
    value: function(){
      return counter;

var cartCount = CartCouter();

function updateCart() {
  document.getElementById('cartcount').innerHTML = cartCount.value();

var productlist = document.getElementsByClassName('item');
for(var i = 0; i< productlist.length; i++){
  productlist[i].addEventListener('click', function(){
    if(this.className.indexOf('selected') < 0){
      this.className += " selected";
      this.className = this.className.replace("selected", "");
  padding: 10px;
ul li{
  display: inline-block;
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid #DDD;
  text-align: center;
  width: 25%;
  cursor: pointer;
  background-color: #7CFEF0;
  color: #333;
  position: relative;
  float: right;
  padding: 5px;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  border: 1px solid #F1F1F1;
        Practical use of a JavaScript closure concept/private variable.

    <div class="cartdiv">
        <span id="cartcount">0</span>

    <div class="productslist">
            <li class="item">Product 1</li>
            <li class="item">Product 2</li>
            <li class="item">Product 3</li>

Bootstrap 3 dropdown select

The dropdown list appearing like that depends on what your browser is, as it is not possible to style this away for some. It looks like yours is IE9, but would look quite different in Chrome.

You could look to use something like this:

Which will make your selectboxes more consistent cross browser.

How to create Python egg file

I think you should use python wheels for distribution instead of egg now.

Wheels are the new standard of python distribution and are intended to replace eggs. Support is offered in pip >= 1.4 and setuptools >= 0.8.

How to modify values of JsonObject / JsonArray directly?

Strangely, the answer is to keep adding back the property. I was half expecting a setter method. :S

System.out.println("Before: " + obj.get("DebugLogId")); // original "02352"

obj.addProperty("DebugLogId", "YYY");

System.out.println("After: " + obj.get("DebugLogId")); // now "YYY"

"The page has expired due to inactivity" - Laravel 5.5

I encountered the same issue on Linux-mint but then realized that the htdocs folder had no full permissions. So I changed the permissions of all the subdirectories in the htdocs folder by doing: sudo chown -c -R $USER:$USER /opt/lampp/htdocs/*

Template not provided using create-react-app

Such a weird problem because this worked for me yesterday and I came across the same error this morning. Based on the release notes, a new feature was added to support templates so it looks like a few parts have changed in the command line (for example, the --typescript was deprecated in favor of using --template typescript)

I did manage to get it all working by doing the following:

  1. Uninstall global create-react-app npm uninstall create-react-app -g.
  2. Verify npm cache npm cache verify.
  3. Close terminal. I use the mac terminal, if using an IDE maybe close and re-open.
  4. Re-open terminal, browse to where you want your project and run create-react-app via npx using the new template command conventions. For getting it to work, I used the typescript my-app from the documentation site to ensure consistency: npx create-react-app my-app --template typescript

If it works, you should see multiple installs: one for react-scripts and one for the template. The error message should also no longer appear.

how to check if a form is valid programmatically using jQuery Validation Plugin

iContribute: It's never too late for a right answer.

var form = $("form#myForm");
if($('form#myForm > :input[required]:visible').val() != ""){
  console.log("Required field missing.");

This way the basic HTML5 validation for 'required' fields takes place without interfering with the standard submit using the form's 'name' values.

How to install latest version of git on CentOS 7.x/6.x

You can use WANDisco's CentOS repository to install Git 2.x: for CentOS 6, for CentOS 7

  1. Install WANDisco repo package:

    yum install
    - or -
    yum install
    - or -
    yum install
  2. Install the latest version of Git 2.x:

    yum install git
  3. Verify the version of Git that was installed:

    git --version

As of 02 Mar. 2020, the latest available version from WANDisco is 2.22.0.

how to bind datatable to datagridview in c#

Even better:

DataTable DTable = new DataTable();
BindingSource SBind = new BindingSource();
SBind.DataSource = DTable;
DataGridView ServersTable = new DataGridView();

ServersTable.AutoGenerateColumns = false;
ServersTable.DataSource = DTable;

ServersTable.DataSource = SBind;

You're telling the bindable source that it's bound to the DataTable, in-turn you need to tell your DataGridView not to auto-generate columns, so it will only pull the data in for the columns you've manually input into the control... lastly refresh the control to update the databind.

PHP remove special character from string

preg_replace('/[^a-zA-Z0-9_ \-()\/%-&]/s', '', $String);

Best practice to run Linux service as a different user

on a CENTOS (Red Hat) virtual machine for svn server: edited /etc/init.d/svnserver to change the pid to something that svn can write:


and added option --user=svn:

daemon --pidfile=${pidfile} --user=svn $exec $args

The original pidfile was /var/run/ The daemon did not start becaseu only root could write there.

 These all work:
/etc/init.d/svnserve start
/etc/init.d/svnserve stop
/etc/init.d/svnserve restart

Object of custom type as dictionary key

An alternative in Python 2.6 or above is to use collections.namedtuple() -- it saves you writing any special methods:

from collections import namedtuple
MyThingBase = namedtuple("MyThingBase", ["name", "location"])
class MyThing(MyThingBase):
    def __new__(cls, name, location, length):
        obj = MyThingBase.__new__(cls, name, location)
        obj.length = length
        return obj

a = MyThing("a", "here", 10)
b = MyThing("a", "here", 20)
c = MyThing("c", "there", 10)
a == b
# True
hash(a) == hash(b)
# True
a == c
# False

Creating InetAddress object in Java

The api is fairly easy to use.

// Lookup the dns, if the ip exists.
 if (!ip.isEmpty()) {
     InetAddress inetAddress = InetAddress.getByName(ip);
     dns = inetAddress.getCanonicalHostName(); 

PHP: Calling another class' method


class ClassA
   private $name = 'John';

   function getName()
     return $this->name;

   include ("file1.php");

   class ClassB

     function __construct()

     function callA()
       $classA = new ClassA();
       $name = $classA->getName();
       echo $name;    //Prints John

   $classb = new ClassB();

Check whether specific radio button is checked

You should remove the '@' before 'name'; it's not needed anymore (for current jQuery versions).

You're want to return all checked elements with name 'test2', but you don't have any elements with that name, you're using an id of 'test2'.

If you're going to use IDs, just try:

return $('#test2').attr('checked');

Strangest language feature

I've always been a huge fan of the PHP error thrown when using two colons in a row out of context:

Parse error: syntax error, unexpected T_PAAMAYIM_NEKUDOTAYIM in /path/to/file/error.php on line 3

The first time I encountered this I was absolutely befuddled.

Python main call within class

That entire block is misplaced.

class Example(object):
    def main(self):     
        print "Hello World!"

if __name__ == '__main__':

But you really shouldn't be using a class just to run your main code.

How to know if .keyup() is a character key (jQuery)

If you only need to exclude out enter, escape and spacebar keys, you can do the following:

$("#text1").keyup(function(event) {
if (event.keyCode != '13' && event.keyCode != '27' && event.keyCode != '32') {

See it actions here.

You can refer to the complete list of keycode here for your further modification.

How can I get the current PowerShell executing file?

Did some testing with the following script, on both PS 2 and PS 4 and had the same result. I hope this helps people.

function PSscript {
  $PSscript = Get-Item $MyInvocation.ScriptName
  Return $PSscript
$PSscript = PSscript

$PSscript = Get-Item $MyInvocation.InvocationName

Results -

Major  Minor  Build  Revision
-----  -----  -----  --------
4      0      -1     -1      



How to convert number to words in java

class NumberToWord {
    private static Map<Integer, String> numbers = new HashMap<Integer, String>();
    private static Set<Integer> numberSet = new TreeSet<Integer>(new Comparator<Integer>() {
        public int compare(Integer o1, Integer o2) {
            return o2 - o1;

    static {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

     * convert positive numbers in word format number > 0 only
    static String getNumberInWord(int number) {
        StringBuilder word = new StringBuilder();
        for (Integer n : numberSet) {
            if (number > 0 && number >= n) {
                int div = number / n;
                String strNum = numbers.get(div);
                if (strNum == null) {
                // for less than 100, we don't need to say 1
                if (strNum != null && (div > 1 || n > 100))
                    word.append(strNum + " ");

                word.append(numbers.get(n) + " ");
                number = number % n;
        return word.toString();

    static void init() {
        numbers.put(0, "Zero");
        numbers.put(1, "One");
        numbers.put(2, "Two");
        numbers.put(3, "Three");
        numbers.put(4, "Four");
        numbers.put(5, "Five");
        numbers.put(6, "Six");
        numbers.put(7, "Seven");
        numbers.put(8, "Eight");
        numbers.put(9, "Nine");
        numbers.put(10, "Ten");
        numbers.put(11, "Eleven");
        numbers.put(12, "Twelve");
        numbers.put(13, "Thirteen");
        numbers.put(14, "Fourteen");
        numbers.put(15, "Fifteen");
        numbers.put(16, "Sixteen");
        numbers.put(17, "Seventeen");
        numbers.put(18, "Eighteeen");
        numbers.put(19, "Nineteen");
        numbers.put(20, "Twenty");
        numbers.put(30, "Thirty");
        numbers.put(40, "Forty");
        numbers.put(50, "Fifty");
        numbers.put(60, "Sixty");
        numbers.put(70, "Seventy");
        numbers.put(80, "Eighty");
        numbers.put(90, "Ninty");
        numbers.put(100, "Hundred");
        numbers.put(1000, "Thousand");
        numbers.put(1000000, "Million");
        numbers.put(100000000, "Billion");


Convert seconds to Hour:Minute:Second


     * Convert number of seconds into hours, minutes and seconds 
     * and return an array containing those values 
     * @param integer $inputSeconds Number of seconds to parse 
     * @return array 

    function secondsToTime($inputSeconds) {

        $secondsInAMinute = 60;
        $secondsInAnHour  = 60 * $secondsInAMinute;
        $secondsInADay    = 24 * $secondsInAnHour;

        // extract days
        $days = floor($inputSeconds / $secondsInADay);

        // extract hours
        $hourSeconds = $inputSeconds % $secondsInADay;
        $hours = floor($hourSeconds / $secondsInAnHour);

        // extract minutes
        $minuteSeconds = $hourSeconds % $secondsInAnHour;
        $minutes = floor($minuteSeconds / $secondsInAMinute);

        // extract the remaining seconds
        $remainingSeconds = $minuteSeconds % $secondsInAMinute;
        $seconds = ceil($remainingSeconds);

        // return the final array
        $obj = array(
            'd' => (int) $days,
            'h' => (int) $hours,
            'm' => (int) $minutes,
            's' => (int) $seconds,
        return $obj;

From: Convert seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds

Inserting image into IPython notebook markdown


IPython/Jupyter now has support for an extension modules that can insert images via copy and paste or drag & drop.

The drag & drop extension seems to work in most browsers

But copy and paste only works in Chrome.

Converting a Pandas GroupBy output from Series to DataFrame

These solutions only partially worked for me because I was doing multiple aggregations. Here is a sample output of my grouped by that I wanted to convert to a dataframe:

Groupby Output

Because I wanted more than the count provided by reset_index(), I wrote a manual method for converting the image above into a dataframe. I understand this is not the most pythonic/pandas way of doing this as it is quite verbose and explicit, but it was all I needed. Basically, use the reset_index() method explained above to start a "scaffolding" dataframe, then loop through the group pairings in the grouped dataframe, retrieve the indices, perform your calculations against the ungrouped dataframe, and set the value in your new aggregated dataframe.

df_grouped = df[['Salary Basis', 'Job Title', 'Hourly Rate', 'Male Count', 'Female Count']]
df_grouped = df_grouped.groupby(['Salary Basis', 'Job Title'], as_index=False)

# Grouped gives us the indices we want for each grouping
# We cannot convert a groupedby object back to a dataframe, so we need to do it manually
# Create a new dataframe to work against
df_aggregated = df_grouped.size().to_frame('Total Count').reset_index()
df_aggregated['Male Count'] = 0
df_aggregated['Female Count'] = 0
df_aggregated['Job Rate'] = 0

def manualAggregations(indices_array):
    temp_df = df.iloc[indices_array]
    return {
        'Male Count': temp_df['Male Count'].sum(),
        'Female Count': temp_df['Female Count'].sum(),
        'Job Rate': temp_df['Hourly Rate'].max()

for name, group in df_grouped:
    ix = df_grouped.indices[name]
    calcDict = manualAggregations(ix)

    for key in calcDict:
        #Salary Basis, Job Title
        columns = list(name)
        df_aggregated.loc[(df_aggregated['Salary Basis'] == columns[0]) & 
                          (df_aggregated['Job Title'] == columns[1]), key] = calcDict[key]

If a dictionary isn't your thing, the calculations could be applied inline in the for loop:

    df_aggregated['Male Count'].loc[(df_aggregated['Salary Basis'] == columns[0]) & 
                                (df_aggregated['Job Title'] == columns[1])] = df['Male Count'].iloc[ix].sum()

OpenCV Error: (-215)size.width>0 && size.height>0 in function imshow

This Error can also occur if you slice a negative point and pass it to the array. So check if you did

A simple jQuery form validation script

You can simply use the jQuery Validate plugin as follows.


$(document).ready(function () {

    $('#myform').validate({ // initialize the plugin
        rules: {
            field1: {
                required: true,
                email: true
            field2: {
                required: true,
                minlength: 5



<form id="myform">
    <input type="text" name="field1" />
    <input type="text" name="field2" />
    <input type="submit" />




Standard Rules:

Optional Rules available with the additional-methods.js file:

email2 (optional TLD)
url2 (optional TLD)

INFO: No Spring WebApplicationInitializer types detected on classpath

I had this info message "No Spring WebApplicationInitializer types detected on classpath" while deploying a WAR with spring integration beans in WebLogic server. Actually, I could observe that the servlet URL returned 404 Not Found and beside that info message with a negative tone "No Spring ...etc" in Server logs, nothing else was seemingly in error in my spring config; no build or deployment errors, no complaints. Indeed, I suspected that the beans.xml (spring context XML) was actually not picked up at all and that was bound to the very specific organizing of artefacts in Oracle's jDeveloper. The solution is to play carefully with the 'contributors' and 'filters' for the WEB-INF/classes category when you edit your deployment profile under the 'deployment' topic in project properties.

Precisely, I would advise to name your spring context by the jDeveloper default "beans.xml" and place it side by side to the WEB-INF subdirectory itself (under your web Apllication source path, e.g. like <...your project path>/public_html/). Then in the WEB-INF/classes category (when editing the deployment profile) your can check the Project HTML root directory in the 'contributor' list, and then select the beans.xml in filters, and then ensure your web.xml features a context-param value like classpath:beans.xml.

Once that was fixed, I was able to progress and after some more bean config changes and implementations, the message "No Spring WebApplicationInitializer types detected on classpath" came back! Actually, I did not notice when and why exactly it came back. This second time, I added a

public class HttpGatewayInit implements WebApplicationInitializer { ... }

which implements empty inherited methods, and the whole application works fine!

...If you feel that java EE development has been getting a bit too crazy with cascades of XML configuration files (some edited manually, others through wizards) intepreted by cascades of variant initializers, let me insist that I fully share your point.

SSL handshake alert: unrecognized_name error since upgrade to Java 1.7.0

I hit the same problem and it turned out that reverse dns was not setup correct, it pointed to wrong hostname for the IP. After I correct reverse dns and restart httpd, the warning is gone. (if I don't correct reverse dns, adding ServerName did the trick for me as well)

Parse (split) a string in C++ using string delimiter (standard C++)

strtok allows you to pass in multiple chars as delimiters. I bet if you passed in ">=" your example string would be split correctly (even though the > and = are counted as individual delimiters).

EDIT if you don't want to use c_str() to convert from string to char*, you can use substr and find_first_of to tokenize.

string token, mystring("scott>=tiger");
while(token != mystring){
  token = mystring.substr(0,mystring.find_first_of(">="));
  mystring = mystring.substr(mystring.find_first_of(">=") + 1);
  printf("%s ",token.c_str());

jQuery select change show/hide div event

Use following JQuery. Demo

$(function() {
        if($('#type').val() == 'parcel') {
        } else {

Get bitcoin historical data

Coinbase has a REST API that gives you access to historical prices from their website. The data seems to show the Coinbase spot price (in USD) about every ten minutes.

Results are returned in CSV format. You must query the page number you want through the API. There are 1000 results (or price points) per page. That's about 7 days' worth of data per page.

OpenSSL Verify return code: 20 (unable to get local issuer certificate)

I had the same problem on OSX OpenSSL 1.0.1i from Macports, and also had to specify CApath as a workaround (and as mentioned in the Ubuntu bug report, even an invalid CApath will make openssl look in the default directory). Interestingly, connecting to the same server using PHP's openssl functions (as used in PHPMailer 5) worked fine.

Create auto-numbering on images/figures in MS Word

I assume you are using the caption feature of Word, that is, captions were not typed in as normal text, but were inserted using Insert > Caption (Word versions before 2007), or References > Insert Caption (in the ribbon of Word 2007 and up). If done correctly, the captions are really 'fields'. You'll know if it is a field if the caption's background turns grey when you put your cursor on them (or is permanently displayed grey).

Captions are fields - Unfortunately fields (like caption fields) are only updated on specific actions, like opening of the document, printing, switching from print view to normal view, etc. The easiest way to force updating of all (caption) fields when you want it is by doing the following:

  1. Select all text in your document (easiest way is to press ctrl-a)
  2. Press F9, this command tells Word to update all fields in the selection.

Captions are normal text - If the caption number is not a field, I am afraid you'll have to edit the text manually.

How to send an email with Gmail as provider using Python?

def send_email(user, pwd, recipient, subject, body):
    import smtplib

    FROM = user
    TO = recipient if isinstance(recipient, list) else [recipient]
    SUBJECT = subject
    TEXT = body

    # Prepare actual message
    message = """From: %s\nTo: %s\nSubject: %s\n\n%s
    """ % (FROM, ", ".join(TO), SUBJECT, TEXT)
        server = smtplib.SMTP("", 587)
        server.login(user, pwd)
        server.sendmail(FROM, TO, message)
        print 'successfully sent the mail'
        print "failed to send mail"

if you want to use Port 465 you have to create an SMTP_SSL object:

# SMTP_SSL Example
server_ssl = smtplib.SMTP_SSL("", 465)
server_ssl.ehlo() # optional, called by login()
server_ssl.login(gmail_user, gmail_pwd)  
# ssl server doesn't support or need tls, so don't call server_ssl.starttls() 
server_ssl.sendmail(FROM, TO, message)
print 'successfully sent the mail'

'too many values to unpack', iterating over a dict. key=>string, value=>list

you are missing fields.iteritems() in your code.

You could also do it other way, where you get values using keys in the dictionary.

for key in fields:
    value = fields[key]

Difference between Activity and FragmentActivity

FragmentActivity is part of the support library, while Activity is the framework's default class. They are functionally equivalent.

You should always use FragmentActivity and instead of the platform default Activity and classes. Using the platform defaults mean that you are relying on whatever implementation of fragments is used in the device you are running on. These are often multiple years old, and contain bugs that have since been fixed in the support library.

How to block until an event is fired in c#

You can use ManualResetEvent. Reset the event before you fire secondary thread and then use the WaitOne() method to block the current thread. You can then have secondary thread set the ManualResetEvent which would cause the main thread to continue. Something like this:

ManualResetEvent oSignalEvent = new ManualResetEvent(false);

void SecondThread(){

void Main(){
    //Call second thread
    System.Threading.Thread oSecondThread = new System.Threading.Thread(SecondThread);

    oSignalEvent.WaitOne(); //This thread will block here until the reset event is sent.
    //Do more stuff

How to inject a Map using the @Value Spring Annotation?

Here is how we did it. Two sample classes as follow:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.kafka.annotation.EnableKafka;
public class KafkaContainerConfig {

    protected KafkaConsumerProperties kafkaConsumerProperties;

    public ConsumerFactory<String, String> consumerFactory() {
        return new DefaultKafkaConsumerFactory<>(kafkaConsumerProperties.getKafkaConsumerConfig());

public class KafkaConsumerProperties {
    protected Map<String, Object> kafkaConsumerConfig = new HashMap<>();

    public Map<String, Object> getKafkaConsumerConfig() {
        return (kafkaConsumerConfig);

To provide the kafkaConsumer config from a properties file, you can use: mapname[key]=value

kafkaConsumerConfig[bootstrap.servers]=localhost:9092, localhost:9093, localhost:9094

To provide the kafkaConsumer config from a yaml file, you can use "[key]": value In application.yml file:

  "[bootstrap.servers]": localhost:9092, localhost:9093, localhost:9094
  "[]": test-consumer-group-local
  "[value.deserializer]": org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
  "[key.deserializer]": org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer

SQL Server "AFTER INSERT" trigger doesn't see the just-inserted row

From the CREATE TRIGGER documentation:

deleted and inserted are logical (conceptual) tables. They are structurally similar to the table on which the trigger is defined, that is, the table on which the user action is attempted, and hold the old values or new values of the rows that may be changed by the user action. For example, to retrieve all values in the deleted table, use: SELECT * FROM deleted

So that at least gives you a way of seeing the new data.

I can't see anything in the docs which specifies that you won't see the inserted data when querying the normal table though...

Show/hide widgets in Flutter programmatically

Invisible: The widget takes physical space on the screen but not visible to user.

Gone: The widget doesn't take any physical space and is completely gone.

Invisible example

  child: Text("Invisible"),
  maintainSize: true, 
  maintainAnimation: true,
  maintainState: true,
  visible: false, 

Gone example

  child: Text("Gone"),
  visible: false,

Alternatively, you can use if condition for both invisible and gone.

  children: <Widget>[
    if (show) Text("This can be visible/not depending on condition"),
    Text("This is always visible"),

OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory while using python subprocess in Django

Can't upvote so I'll repost @jfs comment cause I think it should be more visible.

@AnneTheAgile: shell=True is not required. Moreover you should not use it unless it is necessary (see @ valid's comment). You should pass each command-line argument as a separate list item instead e.g., use ['command', 'arg 1', 'arg 2'] instead of "command 'arg 1' 'arg 2'". – jfs Mar 3 '15 at 10:02

SQLSTATE[HY093]: Invalid parameter number: parameter was not defined

SQLSTATE[HY093]: Invalid parameter number: parameter was not defined

Unfortunately this error is not descriptive for a range of different problems related to the same issue - a binding error. It also does not specify where the error is, and so your problem is not necessarily in the execution, but the sql statement that was already 'prepared'.

These are the possible errors and their solutions:

  1. There is a parameter mismatch - the number of fields does not match the parameters that have been bound. Watch out for arrays in arrays. To double check - use var_dump($var). "print_r" doesn't necessarily show you if the index in an array is another array (if the array has one value in it), whereas var_dump will.

  2. You have tried to bind using the same binding value, for example: ":hash" and ":hash". Every index has to be unique, even if logically it makes sense to use the same for two different parts, even if it's the same value. (it's similar to a constant but more like a placeholder)

  3. If you're binding more than one value in a statement (as is often the case with an "INSERT"), you need to bindParam and then bindValue to the parameters. The process here is to bind the parameters to the fields, and then bind the values to the parameters.

    // Code snippet
    $column_names = array();
    $stmt->bindParam(':'.$i, $column_names[$i], $param_type);
    $stmt->bindValue(':'.$i, $values[$i], $param_type);
  4. When binding values to column_names or table_names you can use `` but its not necessary, but make sure to be consistent.

  5. Any value in '' single quotes is always treated as a string and will not be read as a column/table name or placeholder to bind to.

pandas read_csv and filter columns with usecols

If your csv file contains extra data, columns can be deleted from the DataFrame after import.

import pandas as pd
from StringIO import StringIO

csv = r"""dummy,date,loc,x

df = pd.read_csv(StringIO(csv),
        index_col=["date", "loc"], 
        usecols=["dummy", "date", "loc", "x"],
        names=["dummy", "date", "loc", "x"])
del df['dummy']

Which gives us:

date       loc
2009-01-01 a    1
2009-01-02 a    3
2009-01-03 a    5
2009-01-01 b    1
2009-01-02 b    3
2009-01-03 b    5

.attr("disabled", "disabled") issue

Thank you all for your contribution! I found the problem:


My code works. I have asked the PHP Dev to change the input types hidden in to input type text. The disabled feature works. But the firebug console does not update this status!

you can test out this firebug bug by your self here Thx to aSeptik for the example page.

update: 2. June 2012: Firebug in FF11 still has this bug.

How to convert a UTF-8 string into Unicode?

I have string that displays UTF-8 encoded characters

There is no such thing in .NET. The string class can only store strings in UTF-16 encoding. A UTF-8 encoded string can only exist as a byte[]. Trying to store bytes into a string will not come to a good end; UTF-8 uses byte values that don't have a valid Unicode codepoint. The content will be destroyed when the string is normalized. So it is already too late to recover the string by the time your DecodeFromUtf8() starts running.

Only handle UTF-8 encoded text with byte[]. And use UTF8Encoding.GetString() to convert it.

How to delete files older than X hours

-mmin is for minutes.

Try looking at the man page.

man find

for more types.

Encoding conversion in java

UTF-8 and UCS-2/UTF-16 can be distinguished reasonably easily via a byte order mark at the start of the file. If this exists then it's a pretty good bet that the file is in that encoding - but it's not a dead certainty. You may well also find that the file is in one of those encodings, but doesn't have a byte order mark.

I don't know much about ISO-8859-2, but I wouldn't be surprised if almost every file is a valid text file in that encoding. The best you'll be able to do is check it heuristically. Indeed, the Wikipedia page talking about it would suggest that only byte 0x7f is invalid.

There's no idea of reading a file "as it is" and yet getting text out - a file is a sequence of bytes, so you have to apply a character encoding in order to decode those bytes into characters.

Source by stackoverflow

How to view changes made to files on a certain revision in Subversion

The equivalent command in svn is:

svn log --diff -r revision

laravel 5 : Class 'input' not found

Add this in config/app.php under aliases:-

'Input' => Illuminate\Support\Facades\Input::class,

How to make `setInterval` behave more in sync, or how to use `setTimeout` instead?

As someone else pointed out, the Web Audio API has a better timer.

But in general, if these events happen consistently, how about you put them all on the same timer? I'm thinking about how a step sequencer works.

Practically, could it looks something like this?

var timer = 0;
var limit = 8000; // 8000 will be the point at which the loop repeats

var drumInterval = 8000;
var chordInterval = 1000;
var bassInterval = 500;

setInterval(function {
    timer += 500;

    if (timer == drumInterval) {
        // Do drum stuff

    if (timer == chordInterval) {
        // Do chord stuff

    if (timer == bassInterval) {
        // Do bass stuff

    // Reset timer once it reaches limit
    if (timer == limit) {
        timer = 0;

}, 500); // Set the timer to the smallest common denominator

Check if element exists in jQuery

How do I check if an element exists

if ($("#mydiv").length){  }

If it is 0, it will evaluate to false, anything more than that true.

There is no need for a greater than, less than comparison.

What are DDL and DML?

DDL is Data Definition Language: Just think you are defining the DB. So we use CREATE,ALTER TRUNCATE commands.
DML is after defining we are Manipulating the data. So we use SELECT,INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE command.

Remember DDL commands are auto-committed. You don't need to use COMMIT statements.
DML (Data Manipulation Language) commands need to be commited/rolled back.

MySql difference between two timestamps in days?

If you're happy to ignore the time portion in the columns, DATEDIFF() will give you the difference you're looking for in days.

SELECT DATEDIFF('2010-10-08 18:23:13', '2010-09-21 21:40:36') AS days;
| days |
|   17 |

Remove innerHTML from div

var $div = $('#desiredDiv');
$div.html('<p>This is new HTML.</p>');

That should work just fine.

Request header field Access-Control-Allow-Headers is not allowed by Access-Control-Allow-Headers

The following works for me with nodejs:

xServer.use(function(req, res, next) {
  res.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", 'http://localhost:8080');
  res.setHeader('Access-Control-Allow-Methods', 'POST,GET,OPTIONS,PUT,DELETE');
  res.setHeader('Access-Control-Allow-Headers', 'Content-Type,Accept');


How to declare strings in C

You shouldn't use the third one because its wrong. "String" takes 7 bytes, not 5.

The first one is a pointer (can be reassigned to a different address), the other two are declared as arrays, and cannot be reassigned to different memory locations (but their content may change, use const to avoid that).

Update a column in MySQL

This is what I did for bulk update:

UPDATE tableName SET isDeleted = 1 where columnName in ('430903GW4j683537882','430903GW4j667075431','430903GW4j658444015')

How to write a std::string to a UTF-8 text file

There is nice tiny library to work with utf8 from c++: utfcpp

Why does CSV file contain a blank line in between each data line when outputting with Dictwriter in Python

I just tested your snippet, and their is no double spacing line here. The end-of-line are \r\n, so what i would check in your case is:

  1. your editor is reading correctly DOS file
  2. no \n exist in values of your rows dict.

(Note that even by putting a value with \n, DictWriter automaticly quote the value.)

How can I control the speed that bootstrap carousel slides in items?

for me worked to add this at the end of my view:

<script type="text/javascript">
         interval : 8000,
         pause: false

it gives to the carousel an interval of 8 seconds

How to convert an Array to a Set in Java

Set<T> mySet = new HashSet<T>();
Collections.addAll(mySet, myArray);

That's Collections.addAll(java.util.Collection, T...) from JDK 6.

Additionally: what if our array is full of primitives?

For JDK < 8, I would just write the obvious for loop to do the wrap and add-to-set in one pass.

For JDK >= 8, an attractive option is something like:;

QtCreator: No valid kits found

In my case, it goes well after I installed CMake in my system:)

sudo pacman -S cmake

for manjaro operating system.

How to style an menu with CSS

The thing to look at is what HTML is being spit out by the control. In this case it puts out a table to create the menu. The hover style is set on the TD and once you select a menu item the control posts back and adds the selected style to the A tag of the link within the TD.

So you have two different items that are being manipulated here. One is a TD element and another is an A element. So, you have to make your CSS work accordingly. If I add the below CSS to a page with the menu then I get the expected behavior of the background color changing in either case. You may be doing some different CSS manipulation that may or may not apply to those elements.

        background: #000000;

        background: blue;

How to center cell contents of a LaTeX table whose columns have fixed widths?

You can use \centering with your parbox to do this.

More info here and here.

(Sorry for the Google cached link; the original one I had doesn't work anymore.)

OS specific instructions in CMAKE: How to?

Generator expressions are also possible:


This will link libA, wsock32 & libC on Windows and link libA, libB & libC on Linux

CMake Generator Expressions

Hibernate problem - "Use of @OneToMany or @ManyToMany targeting an unmapped class"

In my case a has to add my classes, when building the SessionFactory, with addAnnotationClass

Configuration configuration.configure();
StandardServiceRegistryBuilder builder = new StandardServiceRegistryBuilder().applySettings(configuration.getProperties());
SessionFactory sessionFactory = configuration

Does a finally block always get executed in Java?

No, not always one exception case is// System.exit(0); before the finally block prevents finally to be executed.

  class A {
    public static void main(String args[]){
        DataInputStream cin = new DataInputStream(;
            int i=Integer.parseInt(cin.readLine());
        }catch(ArithmeticException e){
        }catch(Exception e){
           System.exit(0);//Program terminates before executing finally block
            System.out.println("Won't be executed");
            System.out.println("No error");

Get source JARs from Maven repository

In eclipse - click on the project then:

enter image description here.

How to convert HTML file to word?

just past this on head of your php page. before any code on this should be the top code.

header("Content-Type: application/"); 
header("Expires: 0"); 
header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0"); 
header("content-disposition: attachment;filename=Hawala.doc");


this will convert all html to MSWORD, now you can customize it according to your client requirement.

Using Composer's Autoload

Every package should be responsible for autoloading itself, what are you trying to achieve with autoloading classes that are out of the package you define?

One workaround if it's for your application itself is to add a namespace to the loader instance, something like this:


$loader = require 'vendor/autoload.php';
$loader->add('AppName', __DIR__.'/../src/');

How to adjust layout when soft keyboard appears

This makes it possible to show any wanted layout previously hidden by the keyboard.

Add this to the activity tag in AndroidManifest.xml


Surround your root view with a ScrollView, preferably with scrollbars=none. The ScrollView will properly not change any thing with your layout except be used to solve this problem.

And then set fitsSystemWindows="true" on the view that you want to make fully shown above the keyboard. This will make your EditText visible above the keyboard, and make it possible to scroll down to the parts below the EditText but in the view with fitsSystemWindows="true".


For example:





If you want to show the full part of fitsSystemWindows="true" view above the keyboard in the moment the keyboard appears, you will need some code to scroll the view to the bottom:

// Code is in Kotlin

setupKeyboardListener(scrollView) // call in OnCreate or similar

private fun setupKeyboardListener(view: View) {
    view.viewTreeObserver.addOnGlobalLayoutListener {
        val r = Rect()
        if (Math.abs(view.rootView.height - (r.bottom - > 100) { // if more than 100 pixels, its probably a keyboard...

private fun onKeyboardShow() {

fun ScrollView.scrollToBottomWithoutFocusChange() { // Kotlin extension to scrollView
    val lastChild = getChildAt(childCount - 1)
    val bottom = lastChild.bottom + paddingBottom
    val delta = bottom - (scrollY + height)
    smoothScrollBy(0, delta)

Full layout example:



            app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />




                android:layout_height="wrap_content" />



                android:layout_height="wrap_content" />


            android:layout_marginTop="20dp" />

            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" />



How do I cast a string to integer and have 0 in case of error in the cast with PostgreSQL?

Finally I manage to ignore the invalid characters and get only the numbers to convert the text to numeric.

SELECT (NULLIF(regexp_replace(split_part(column1, '.', 1), '\D','','g'), '') 
    || '.' || COALESCE(NULLIF(regexp_replace(split_part(column1, '.', 2), '\D','','g'),''),'00')) AS result,column1
    ('ggg'),('3,0 kg'),('15 kg.'),('2x3,25'),('96+109'),('1.10'),('132123')
) strings;  

How to make a window always stay on top in .Net?

Here is the SetForegroundWindow equivalent:


I have seen people doing weird things like:

this.TopMost = true;
this.TopMost = false;

postgresql - replace all instances of a string within text field

The Regular Expression Way

If you need stricter replacement matching, PostgreSQL's regexp_replace function can match using POSIX regular expression patterns. It has the syntax regexp_replace(source, pattern, replacement [, flags ]).

I will use flags i and g for case-insensitive and global matching, respectively. I will also use \m and \M to match the beginning and the end of a word, respectively.

There are usually quite a few gotchas when performing regex replacment. Let's see how easy it is to replace a cat with a dog.

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', 'cat', 'dog');
-->                    Cat bobdog cat cats catfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', 'cat', 'dog', 'i');
-->                    dog bobcat cat cats catfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', 'cat', 'dog', 'g');
-->                    Cat bobdog dog dogs dogfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', 'cat', 'dog', 'gi');
-->                    dog bobdog dog dogs dogfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', '\mcat', 'dog', 'gi');
-->                    dog bobcat dog dogs dogfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', 'cat\M', 'dog', 'gi');
-->                    dog bobdog dog cats catfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', '\mcat\M', 'dog', 'gi');
-->                    dog bobcat dog cats catfish

SELECT regexp_replace('Cat bobcat cat cats catfish', '\mcat(s?)\M', 'dog\1', 'gi');
-->                    dog bobcat dog dogs catfish

Even after all of that, there is at least one unresolved condition. For example, sentences that begin with "Cat" will be replaced with lower-case "dog" which break sentence capitalization.

Check out the current PostgreSQL pattern matching docs for all the details.

Update entire column with replacement text

Given my examples, maybe the safest option would be:

UPDATE table SET field = regexp_replace(field, '\mcat\M', 'dog', 'gi');

How do I improve ASP.NET MVC application performance?

In your clamour to optimize the client side, don't forget about the database layer. We had an application that went from 5 seconds to load up to 50 seconds overnight.

On inspection, we'd made a whole bunch of schema changes. Once we refreshed the statistics, it suddenly became as responsive as before.

Export P7b file with all the certificate chain into CER file

I had similar problem extracting certificates from a file. This might not be the most best way to do it but it worked for me.

openssl pkcs7 -inform DER -print_certs -in <path of the file> | awk 'split_after==1{n++;split_after=0} /-----END CERTIFICATE-----/ {split_after=1} {print > "cert" n ".pem"}'

Java Generics With a Class & an Interface - Together

Here's how you would do it in Kotlin

fun <T> myMethod(item: T) where T : ClassA, T : InterfaceB {
    //your code here

Why em instead of px?

There is a simple solution if you want to use px to specify font size, but still want the usability that em's provide by placing this in your CSS file:

body {
  font-size: 62.5%;

Now specify you p (and other) tags like this:

p {
  font-size: 0.8em; /* This is equal to 8px */
  font-size: 1.0em; /* This is equal to 10px */
  font-size: 1.2em; /* This is equal to 12px */
  font-size: 2.0em; /* This is equal to 20px */

And so on.

Ruby Hash to array of values

Also, a bit simpler....

>> hash = { "a"=>["a", "b", "c"], "b"=>["b", "c"] }
=> {"a"=>["a", "b", "c"], "b"=>["b", "c"]}
>> hash.values
=> [["a", "b", "c"], ["b", "c"]]

Ruby doc here

How to get cookie expiration date / creation date from javascript?

One possibility is to delete to cookie you are looking for the expiration date from and rewrite it. Then you'll know the expiration date.

Git: How to find a deleted file in the project commit history?


  1. Step 1

You search your file full path in history of deleted files git log --diff-filter=D --summary | grep filename

  1. Step 2

You restore your file from commit before it was deleted

restore () {
  last_commit=$(git log --all --full-history -- $filepath | grep commit | head -1 | awk '{print $2; exit}')
  echo "Restoring file from commit before $last_commit"
  git checkout $last_commit^ -- $filepath

restore my/file_path

How do I calculate tables size in Oracle

First off, I would generally caution that gathering table statistics in order to do space analysis is a potentially dangerous thing to do. Gathering statistics may change query plans, particularly if the DBA has configured a statistics gathering job that uses non-default parameters that your call is not using, and will cause Oracle to re-parse queries that utilize the table in question which can be a performance hit. If the DBA has intentionally left some tables without statistics (common if your OPTIMIZER_MODE is CHOOSE), gathering statistics can cause Oracle to stop using the rule-based optimizer and start using the cost-based optimizer for a set of queries which can be a major performance headache if it is done unexpectedly in production. If your statistics are accurate, you can query USER_TABLES (or ALL_TABLES or DBA_TABLES) directly without calling GATHER_TABLE_STATS. If your statistics are not accurate, there is probably a reason for that and you don't want to disturb the status quo.

Second, the closest equivalent to the SQL Server sp_spaceused procedure is likely Oracle's DBMS_SPACE package. Tom Kyte has a nice show_space procedure that provides a simple interface to this package and prints out information similar to what sp_spaceused prints out.

Visual Studio Post Build Event - Copy to Relative Directory Location

Here is what you want to put in the project's Post-build event command line:

copy /Y "$(TargetDir)$(ProjectName).dll" "$(SolutionDir)lib\$(ProjectName).dll"

EDIT: Or if your target name is different than the Project Name.

copy /Y "$(TargetDir)$(TargetName).dll" "$(SolutionDir)lib\$(TargetName).dll"

What does 'wb' mean in this code, using Python?

File mode, write and binary. Since you are writing a .jpg file, it looks fine.

But if you supposed to read that jpg file you need to use 'rb'

More info

On Windows, 'b' appended to the mode opens the file in binary mode, so there are also modes like 'rb', 'wb', and 'r+b'. Python on Windows makes a distinction between text and binary files; the end-of-line characters in text files are automatically altered slightly when data is read or written. This behind-the-scenes modification to file data is fine for ASCII text files, but it’ll corrupt binary data like that in JPEG or EXE files.

undefined reference to `std::ios_base::Init::Init()'

Most of these linker errors occur because of missing libraries.

I added the libstdc++.6.dylib in my Project->Targets->Build Phases-> Link Binary With Libraries.

That solved it for me on Xcode 6.3.2 for iOS 8.3


use regular expression in if-condition in bash

When using a glob pattern, a question mark represents a single character and an asterisk represents a sequence of zero or more characters:

if [[ $gg == ????grid* ]] ; then echo $gg; fi

When using a regular expression, a dot represents a single character and an asterisk represents zero or more of the preceding character. So ".*" represents zero or more of any character, "a*" represents zero or more "a", "[0-9]*" represents zero or more digits. Another useful one (among many) is the plus sign which represents one or more of the preceding character. So "[a-z]+" represents one or more lowercase alpha character (in the C locale - and some others).

if [[ $gg =~ ^....grid.*$ ]] ; then echo $gg; fi

How to access form methods and controls from a class in C#?

You need to make the members in the for the form class either public or, if the service class is in the same assembly, internal. Windows controls' visibility can be controlled through their Modifiers properties.

Note that it's generally considered a bad practice to explicitly tie a service class to a UI class. Rather you should create good interfaces between the service class and the form class. That said, for learning or just generally messing around, the earth won't spin off its axis if you expose form members for service classes.


How to call MVC Action using Jquery AJAX and then submit form in MVC?

Your C# action "Save" doesn't execute because your AJAX url is pointing to "/Home/SaveDetailedInfo" and not "/Home/Save".

To call another action from within an action you can maybe try this solution: link

Here's another better solution : link

public ActionResult SaveDetailedInfo(Option[] Options)
    return Json(new { status = "Success", message = "Success" });

public ActionResult Save()
    return RedirectToAction("SaveDetailedInfo", Options);


Initial ajax call url: "/Home/Save"
on success callback: 
   make new ajax url: "/Home/SaveDetailedInfo"

Efficiency of Java "Double Brace Initialization"?

Double-brace initialization is an unnecessary hack that can introduce memory leaks and other issues

There's no legitimate reason to use this "trick". Guava provides nice immutable collections that include both static factories and builders, allowing you to populate your collection where it's declared in a clean, readable, and safe syntax.

The example in the question becomes:

Set<String> flavors = ImmutableSet.of(
    "vanilla", "strawberry", "chocolate", "butter pecan");

Not only is this shorter and easier to read, but it avoids the numerous issues with the double-braced pattern described in other answers. Sure, it performs similarly to a directly-constructed HashMap, but it's dangerous and error-prone, and there are better options.

Any time you find yourself considering double-braced initialization you should re-examine your APIs or introduce new ones to properly address the issue, rather than take advantage of syntactic tricks.

Error-Prone now flags this anti-pattern.

How to make a Java thread wait for another thread's output?

Use a CountDownLatch with a counter of 1.

CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);

Now in the app thread do-


In the db thread, after you are done, do -


How can I build a recursive function in python?

Recursive function example:

def recursive(string, num):
    print "#%s - %s" % (string, num)
    recursive(string, num+1)

Run it with:

recursive("Hello world", 0)

How can I take a screenshot/image of a website using Python?

import subprocess

def screenshots(url, name):'webkit2png -F -o {} {} -D ./screens'.format(name, url), 

Using % for host when creating a MySQL user

The percent symbol means: any host, including remote and local connections.

The localhost allows only local connections.

(so to start off, if you don't need remote connections to your database, you can get rid of the appuser@'%' user right away)

So, yes, they are overlapping, but...

...there is a reason for setting both types of accounts, this is explained in the mysql docs:

If you have an have an anonymous user on your localhost, which you can spot with:

select Host from mysql.user where User='' and Host='localhost';

and if you just create the user appuser@'%' (and you not the appuser@'localhost'), then when the appuser mysql user connects from the local host, the anonymous user account is used (it has precedence over your appuser@'%' user).

And the fix for this is (as one can guess) to create the appuser@'localhost' (which is more specific that the local host anonymous user and will be used if your appuser connects from the localhost).

If file exists then delete the file

fileExists() is a method of FileSystemObject, not a global scope function.

You also have an issue with the delete, DeleteFile() is also a method of FileSystemObject.

Furthermore, it seems you are moving the file and then attempting to deal with the overwrite issue, which is out of order. First you must detect the name collision, so you can choose the rename the file or delete the collision first. I am assuming for some reason you want to keep deleting the new files until you get to the last one, which seemed implied in your question.

So you could use the block:

if NOT fso.FileExists(newname) Then  

    file.move fso.buildpath(OUT_PATH, newname)           


    fso.DeleteFile newname
    file.move fso.buildpath(OUT_PATH, newname)  

end if 

Also be careful that your string comparison with the = sign is case sensitive. Use strCmp with vbText compare option for case insensitive string comparison.

Count number of matches of a regex in Javascript

('my string'.match(/\s/g) || []).length;

How can I list the scheduled jobs running in my database?

Because the SCHEDULER_ADMIN role is a powerful role allowing a grantee to execute code as any user, you should consider granting individual Scheduler system privileges instead. Object and system privileges are granted using regular SQL grant syntax. An example is if the database administrator issues the following statement:


After this statement is executed, scott can create jobs, schedules, or programs in his schema.

copied from

ESLint Parsing error: Unexpected token

In my case (im using Firebase Cloud Functions) i opened .eslintrc.json and changed:

"parserOptions": {
  // Required for certain syntax usages
  "ecmaVersion": 2017


"parserOptions": {
  // Required for certain syntax usages
  "ecmaVersion": 2020

Index all *except* one item in python

Note that if variable is list of lists, some approaches would fail. For example:

v1 = [[range(3)] for x in range(4)]
v2 = v1[:3]+v1[4:] # this fails

For the general case, use

removed_index = 1
v1 = [[range(3)] for x in range(4)]
v2 = [x for i,x in enumerate(v1) if x!=removed_index]

How to select a node of treeview programmatically in c#?

TreeViewItem tempItem = new TreeViewItem();
TreeViewItem tempItem1 = new TreeViewItem(); 
tempItem =  (TreeViewItem) treeView1.Items.GetItemAt(0);    // Selecting the first of the top level nodes
tempItem1 = (TreeViewItem)tempItem.Items.GetItemAt(0);      // Selecting the first child of the first first level node
SelectedCategoryHeaderString = tempItem.Header.ToString();  // gets the header for the first top level node
SelectedCategoryHeaderString = tempItem1.Header.ToString(); // gets the header for the first child node of the first top level node
tempItem.IsExpanded = true;         //  will expand the first node

How to round down to nearest integer in MySQL?


SELECT FLOOR(your_field) FROM your_table

HorizontalScrollView within ScrollView Touch Handling

I think I found a simpler solution, only this uses a subclass of ViewPager instead of (its parent) ScrollView.

UPDATE 2013-07-16: I added an override for onTouchEvent as well. It could possibly help with the issues mentioned in the comments, although YMMV.

public class UninterceptableViewPager extends ViewPager {

    public UninterceptableViewPager(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);

    public boolean onInterceptTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
        boolean ret = super.onInterceptTouchEvent(ev);
        if (ret)
        return ret;

    public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
        boolean ret = super.onTouchEvent(ev);
        if (ret)
        return ret;

This is similar to the technique used in android.widget.Gallery's onScroll(). It is further explained by the Google I/O 2013 presentation Writing Custom Views for Android.

Update 2013-12-10: A similar approach is also described in a post from Kirill Grouchnikov about the (then) Android Market app.

Setting max-height for table cell contents

I had the same problem with a table layout I was creating. I used Joseph Marikle's solution but made it work for FireFox as well, and added a table-row style for good measure. Pure CSS solution since using Javascript for this seems completely unnecessary and overkill.


<div class='wrapper'>
    <div class='table'>
        <div class='table-row'>
            <div class='table-cell'>
                content here
            <div class='table-cell'>
                <div class='cell-wrap'>
                    lots of content here
            <div class='table-cell'>
                content here
            <div class='table-cell'>
                content here


.wrapper {height: 200px;}
.table {position: relative; overflow: hidden; display: table; width: 100%; height: 50%;}
.table-row {display: table-row; height: 100%;}
.table-cell {position: relative; overflow: hidden; display: table-cell;}
.cell-wrap {position: absolute; overflow: hidden; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%;}

You need a wrapper around the table if you want the table to respect a percentage height, otherwise you can just set a pixel height on the table element.

How can I convert a std::string to int?

What about Boost.Lexical_cast?

Here is their example:

The following example treats command line arguments as a sequence of numeric data:

int main(int argc, char * argv[])
    using boost::lexical_cast;
    using boost::bad_lexical_cast;

    std::vector<short> args;

        catch(bad_lexical_cast &)

Directly assigning values to C Pointers

In the first example, ptr has not been initialized, so it points to an unspecified memory location. When you assign something to this unspecified location, your program blows up.

In the second example, the address is set when you say ptr = &q, so you're OK.

ORA-00054: resource busy and acquire with NOWAIT specified or timeout expired

Just check for process holding the session and Kill it. Its back to normal.

Below SQL will find your process

SELECT s.inst_id,
   s.program FROM   gv$session s
   JOIN gv$process p ON p.addr = s.paddr AND p.inst_id = s.inst_id;

Then kill it



some example I found online seems to need the instance id as well alter system kill session '130,620,@1';

How to draw a rectangle around a region of interest in python

As the other answers said, the function you need is cv2.rectangle(), but keep in mind that the coordinates for the bounding box vertices need to be integers if they are in a tuple, and they need to be in the order of (left, top) and (right, bottom). Or, equivalently, (xmin, ymin) and (xmax, ymax).

How to kill a while loop with a keystroke?

There is a solution that requires no non-standard modules and is 100% transportable

import thread

def input_thread(a_list):

def do_stuff():
    a_list = []
    thread.start_new_thread(input_thread, (a_list,))
    while not a_list:

Questions every good Database/SQL developer should be able to answer

A reprint of my answer here, as general guidelines for topics.


  1. SELECTing columns from a table
  2. Aggregates Part 1: COUNT, SUM, MAX/MIN
  3. Aggregates Part 2: DISTINCT, GROUP BY, HAVING


  1. JOINs, ANSI-89 and ANSI-92 syntax
  3. NULL handling: COALESCE & Native NULL handling
  4. Subqueries: IN, EXISTS, and inline views
  5. Subqueries: Correlated
  6. WITH syntax: Subquery Factoring/CTE

Advanced Topics

  • Functions, Stored Procedures, Packages
  • Pivoting data: CASE & PIVOT syntax
  • Hierarchical Queries
  • Cursors: Implicit and Explicit
  • Triggers
  • Dynamic SQL
  • Materialized Views
  • Query Optimization: Indexes
  • Query Optimization: Explain Plans
  • Query Optimization: Profiling
  • Data Modelling: Normal Forms, 1 through 3
  • Data Modelling: Primary & Foreign Keys
  • Data Modelling: Table Constraints
  • Data Modelling: Link/Corrollary Tables
  • Full Text Searching
  • XML
  • Isolation Levels
  • Entity Relationship Diagrams (ERDs), Logical and Physical
  • Transactions: COMMIT, ROLLBACK, Error Handling

How to use Python's pip to download and keep the zipped files for a package?

I always do this to download the packages:

pip install --download /path/to/download/to_packagename


pip install --download=/path/to/packages/downloaded -r requirements.txt

And when I want to install all of those libraries I just downloaded, I do this:

pip install --no-index --find-links="/path/to/downloaded/dependencies" packagename


pip install --no-index --find-links="/path/to/downloaded/packages" -r requirements.txt


Also, to get all the packages installed on one system, you can export them all to requirement.txt that will be used to intall them on another system, we do this:

pip freeze > requirement.txt

Then, the requirement.txt can be used as above for download, or do this to install them from requirement.txt:

pip install -r requirement.txt

REFERENCE: pip installer

How do you get the logical xor of two variables in Python?

def xor(*args):
    return sum(bool(arg) for arg in args)%2

if you want only one true:

def onlyOne(*args):
    return sum(bool(arg) for arg in args)==1

pip3: command not found

its possible if you already have a python installed (pip) you could do a upgrade on mac by

brew upgrade python

How can I show a hidden div when a select option is selected?

Try handling the change event of the select and using this.value to determine whether it's 'Yes' or not.



document.getElementById('test').addEventListener('change', function () {
    var style = this.value == 1 ? 'block' : 'none';
    document.getElementById('hidden_div').style.display = style;


<select id="test" name="form_select">
   <option value="0">No</option>
   <option value ="1">Yes</option>

<div id="hidden_div" style="display: none;">Hello hidden content</div>

Hashset vs Treeset

Why have apples when you can have oranges?

Seriously guys and gals - if your collection is large, read and written to gazillions of times, and you're paying for CPU cycles, then the choice of the collection is relevant ONLY if you NEED it to perform better. However, in most cases, this doesn't really matter - a few milliseconds here and there go unnoticed in human terms. If it really mattered that much, why aren't you writing code in assembler or C? [cue another discussion]. So the point is if you're happy using whatever collection you chose, and it solves your problem [even if it's not specifically the best type of collection for the task] knock yourself out. The software is malleable. Optimise your code where necessary. Uncle Bob says Premature Optimisation is the root of all evil. Uncle Bob says so

How do I activate a specific workbook and a specific sheet?

You can try this.



How to prevent Browser cache for php site

Here, if you want to control it through HTML: do like below Option 1:

<meta http-equiv="expires" content="Sun, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMT"/>
<meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache" />

And if you want to control it through PHP: do it like below Option 2:

header('Expires: Sun, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMT');
header('Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate');
header('Cache-Control: post-check=0, pre-check=0', FALSE);
header('Pragma: no-cache');

AND Option 2 IS ALWAYS BETTER in order to avoid proxy based caching issue.

align 3 images in same row with equal spaces?

  • Option 1:

    • Instead of putting the images inside div put each one of them inside a span.
    • Float 1st and 2nd image to left.
    • Give some left padding to the 2nd image.
    • Float the right image to right.

Always remember to add overflow:hidden to the parent (if you have one) of all the images because using floats with images have some side effects.

  • Option 2 (Preferred):

    • Put all the images inside a table with border="0".
    • Make the width of the table 100%.

This will be the best way to make sure the 2nd image is alligned to the center always without worrying for the exact width of the table.

Something like below:

<table width="100%" border="0">
  <td><img src="@Url.Content("~/images/image1.bmp")" alt="" align="left" /></td>
  <td><img src="@Url.Content("~/images/image2.bmp")" alt="" align="center" /></td>
  <td><img src="@Url.Content("~/images/image3.bmp")" alt="" align="right"/></td>

Removing multiple files from a Git repo that have already been deleted from disk

For visual studio project

'git ls-files --deleted | sed 's/(.*)/"\1"/'| xargs git rm' 

which is useful when the deleted file path has space

Is try-catch like error handling possible in ASP Classic?

Been a while since I was in ASP land, but iirc there's a couple of ways:

try catch finally can be reasonably simulated in VBS (good article here here) and there's an event called class_terminate you can watch and catch exceptions globally in. Then there's the possibility of changing your scripting language...

Docker: "no matching manifest for windows/amd64 in the manifest list entries"

docker run

try the above command. what you are pulling should be compatible with the underlying windows version you are in. above will work if you are in windows server 2016.

follow this thread for more info

Check if checkbox is NOT checked on click - jQuery

jQuery to check for checked? Really?

if(!this.checked) {

Don't use a bazooka to do a razor's job.

When to use margin vs padding in CSS

The best I've seen explaining this with examples, diagrams, and even a 'try it yourself' view is here.

The diagram below I think gives an instant visual understanding of the difference.

enter image description here

One thing to keep in mind is standards compliant browsers (IE quirks is an exception) render only the content portion to the given width, so keep track of this in layout calculations. Also note that border box is seeing somewhat of a comeback with Bootstrap 3 supporting it.

How to change dataframe column names in pyspark?

For a single column rename, you can still use toDF(). For example,


Append a Lists Contents to another List C#

Try AddRange-method:


How to pass a textbox value from view to a controller in MVC 4?

When you want to pass new information to your application, you need to use POST form. In Razor you can use the following

View Code:

@* By default BeginForm use FormMethod.Post *@
     @Html.Hidden("id", Model.Id)
     @Html.Hidden("productid", Model.ProductId)
     @Html.TextBox("qty", Model.Quantity)
     @Html.TextBox("unitrate", Model.UnitRate)
     <input type="submit" value="Update" />

Controller's actions

public ActionResult Update(){
     //[...] retrive your record object
     return View(objRecord);

public ActionResult Update(string id, string productid, int qty, decimal unitrate)
      if (ModelState.IsValid){
           int _records = UpdatePrice(id,productid,qty,unitrate);
           if (_records > 0){                    {
              return RedirectToAction("Index1", "Shopping");
                ModelState.AddModelError("","Can Not Update");
      return View("Index1");

Note that alternatively, if you want to use @Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Quantity) you can either have an input with the name (respectecting case) "Quantity" or you can change your POST Update() to receive an object parameter, that would be the same type as your strictly typed view. Here's an example:


public class Record {
    public string Id { get; set; }
    public string ProductId { get; set; }
    public string Quantity { get; set; }
    public decimal UnitRate { get; set; }


     @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.Id)
     @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.ProductId)
     @Html.TextBoxFor(model=> model.Quantity)
     @Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.UnitRate)
     <input type="submit" value="Update" />

Post Action

public ActionResult Update(Record rec){ //Alternatively you can also use FormCollection object as well 
        //update code
   return View("Index1");

How to show grep result with complete path or file name

For me

grep -b "searchsomething" *.log

worked as I wanted

Visual Studio Code pylint: Unable to import 'protorpc'

For your case, add the following code to vscode's settings.json.

"python.linting.pylintArgs": [
    "--init-hook='import sys; sys.path.append(\"~/google-cloud-sdk/platform/google_appengine/lib\")'"

For the other who got troubles with pip packages, you can go with

"python.linting.pylintArgs": [
    "--init-hook='import sys; sys.path.append(\"/usr/local/lib/python3.7/dist-packages\")'"

You should replace python3.7 above with your python version.

ENOENT, no such file or directory

I believe the previous answer is the correct answer to this problem but I was getting this error when I tried installing npm package (see below) :

enter image description here

The fix for me was : npm init --yes

enter image description here

How To Use DateTimePicker In WPF?

There is DatePicker in WPF Tool Kit, but I have not seen DateTime Picker in WPF ToolKit. So I don't know what kind of DateTimePicker control John is talking about.

How to define and use function inside Jenkins Pipeline config?

First off, you shouldn't add $ when you're outside of strings ($class in your first function being an exception), so it should be:

def doCopyMibArtefactsHere(projectName) {
    step ([
        $class: 'CopyArtifact',
        projectName: projectName,
        filter: '**/**.mib',
        fingerprintArtifacts: true, 
        flatten: true

def BuildAndCopyMibsHere(projectName, params) {
    build job: project, parameters: params

Now, as for your problem; the second function takes two arguments while you're only supplying one argument at the call. Either you have to supply two arguments at the call:

node { 
    stage('Prepare Mib'){
        BuildAndCopyMibsHere('project1', null)

... or you need to add a default value to the functions' second argument:

def BuildAndCopyMibsHere(projectName, params = null) {
    build job: project, parameters: params

How to resize html canvas element?

You didn't publish your code, and I suspect you do something wrong. it is possible to change the size by assigning width and height attributes using numbers:

canvasNode.width  = 200; // in pixels
canvasNode.height = 100; // in pixels

At least it works for me. Make sure you don't assign strings (e.g., "2cm", "3in", or "2.5px"), and don't mess with styles.

Actually this is a publicly available knowledge — you can read all about it in the HTML canvas spec — it is very small and unusually informative. This is the whole DOM interface:

interface HTMLCanvasElement : HTMLElement {
           attribute unsigned long width;
           attribute unsigned long height;

  DOMString toDataURL();
  DOMString toDataURL(in DOMString type, [Variadic] in any args);

  DOMObject getContext(in DOMString contextId);

As you can see it defines 2 attributes width and height, and both of them are unsigned long.

How to bind Events on Ajax loaded Content?

use instead . Documentation here


$("mylink").live("click", function(event) { alert("new link clicked!");});

How to Ignore "Duplicate Key" error in T-SQL (SQL Server)

I think you are looking for the IGNORE_DUP_KEY option on your index. Have a look at IGNORE_DUP_KEY ON option documented at which causes duplicate insertion attempts to produce a warning instead of an error.

Fatal error: Call to undefined function mysql_connect()


Check if you forgot to enable the options below(loads the modules for mysql among others):

; Directory in which the loadable extensions (modules) reside.
; extension_dir = "./"
; On windows:
extension_dir = "ext"

How to set a border for an HTML div tag

In bootstrap 4, you can use border utilities like so.

<script src=""></script>_x000D_
<link href="" rel="stylesheet" />_x000D_
<script src=""></script>_x000D_
  .border-5 {_x000D_
    border-width: 5px !important;_x000D_
<textarea class="border border-dark border-5">some content</textarea>

How to get anchor text/href on click using jQuery?

Edited to reflect update to question

$(document).ready(function() {
    $(".res a").click(function() {

A server is already running. Check …/tmp/pids/ Exiting - rails

For this problem,

What i did is:

  • Delete the Pids folder which is located under app/tmp/
  • and then, close the terminal which we are running the current app and close the tab (in, browser window)

  • after that, again open the terminal by going inside the folder, and then do, rails s

  • Then, it opens the fresh tab which is running our application

How to find specified name and its value in JSON-string from Java?

Use a JSON library to parse the string and retrieve the value.

The following very basic example uses the built-in JSON parser from Android.

String jsonString = "{ \"name\" : \"John\", \"age\" : \"20\", \"address\" : \"some address\" }";
JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject(jsonString);
int age = jsonObject.getInt("age");

More advanced JSON libraries, such as jackson, google-gson, json-io or genson, allow you to convert JSON objects to Java objects directly.

Read each line of txt file to new array element

This has been covered here quite well, but if you REALLY need even better performance than anything listed here, you can use this approach that uses strtok.

$Names_Keys = [];
$Name = strtok(file_get_contents($file), "\n");
while ($Name !== false) {
    $Names_Keys[$Name] = 0;
    $Name = strtok("\n");

Note, this assumes your file is saved with \n as the newline character (you can update that as need be), and it also stores the words/names/lines as the array keys instead of the values, so that you can use it as a lookup table, allowing the use of isset (much, much faster), instead of in_array.

How do you write to a folder on an SD card in Android?

File sdCard = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory();
File dir = new File (sdCard.getAbsolutePath() + "/dir1/dir2");
File file = new File(dir, "filename");

FileOutputStream f = new FileOutputStream(file);

MySQL load NULL values from CSV data

show variables

Show variables like "`secure_file_priv`";

Note: keep your csv file in location given by the above command.

create table assessments (course_code varchar(5),batch_code varchar(7),id_assessment int, assessment_type varchar(10), date int , weight int);

Note: here the 'date' column has some blank values in the csv file.

LOAD DATA INFILE 'C:/ProgramData/MySQL/MySQL Server 8.0/Uploads/assessments.csv' 
INTO TABLE assessments
SET date = IF(@date = '', NULL, @date);

How to check if a double value has no decimal part

You could simply do

d % 1 == 0

to check if double d is a whole.

What is the difference between POST and GET?

With POST you can also do multipart mime encoding which means you can attach files as well. Also if you are using post variables across navigation of pages, the user will get a warning asking if they want to resubmit the post parameter. Typically they look the same in an HTTP request, but you should just stick to POST if you need to "POST" something TO a server and "GET" if you need to GET something FROM a server as that's the way they were intended.

How to connect android emulator to the internet

After having tried all of the above solutions, I found that on mac os x :

  • you must check the order of your network devices in system preferences >> network >> gear icon
  • you must check the order of you dns servers in /etc/resolv.conf

Then restart your android emulator, it should work.

"Field has incomplete type" error

The problem is that your ui property uses a forward declaration of class Ui::MainWindowClass, hence the "incomplete type" error.

Including the header file in which this class is declared will fix the problem.


Based on your comment, the following code:

namespace Ui
    class MainWindowClass;

does NOT declare a class. It's a forward declaration, meaning that the class will exist at some point, at link time.
Basically, it just tells the compiler that the type will exist, and that it shouldn't warn about it.

But the class has to be defined somewhere.

Note this can only work if you have a pointer to such a type.
You can't have a statically allocated instance of an incomplete type.

So either you actually want an incomplete type, and then you should declare your ui member as a pointer:

namespace Ui
    // Forward declaration - Class will have to exist at link time
    class MainWindowClass;

class MainWindow : public QMainWindow

        // Member needs to be a pointer, as it's an incomplete type
        Ui::MainWindowClass * ui;

Or you want a statically allocated instance of Ui::MainWindowClass, and then it needs to be declared. You can do it in another header file (usually, there's one header file per class).
But simply changing the code to:

namespace Ui
    // Real class declaration - May/Should be in a specific header file
    class MainWindowClass

class MainWindow : public QMainWindow

        // Member can be statically allocated, as the type is complete
        Ui::MainWindowClass ui;

will also work.

Note the difference between the two declarations. First uses a forward declaration, while the second one actually declares the class (here with no properties nor methods).

Java : Convert formatted xml file to one line string

I guess you want to read in, ignore the white space, and write it out again. Most XML packages have an option to ignore white space. For example, the DocumentBuilderFactory has setIgnoringElementContentWhitespace for this purpose.

Similarly if you are generating the XML by marshaling an object then JAXB has JAXB_FORMATTED_OUTPUT

What is the correct way to represent null XML elements?

xsi:nil is the correct way to represent a value such that: When the DOM Level 2 call getElementValue() is issued, the NULL value is returned. xsi:nil is also used to indicate a valid element with no content even if that elements content type normally doesn't allow empty elements.

If an empty tag is used, getElementValue() returns the empty string ("") If the tag is omitted, then no author tag is even present. This may be semantically different than setting it to 'nil' (Ex. Setting "Series" to nil may be that the book belongs to no series, while omitting series could mean that series is an inapplicable element to the current element.)

From: The W3C

XML Schema: Structures introduces a mechanism for signaling that an element should be accepted as ·valid· when it has no content despite a content type which does not require or even necessarily allow empty content. An element may be ·valid· without content if it has the attribute xsi:nil with the value true. An element so labeled must be empty, but can carry attributes if permitted by the corresponding complex type.

A clarification:
If you have a book xml element and one of the child elements is book:series you have several options when filling it out:

  1. Removing the element entirely - This can be done when you wish to indicate that series does not apply to this book or that book is not part of a series. In this case xsl transforms (or other event based processors) that have a template that matches book:series will never be called. For example, if your xsl turns the book element into table row (xhtml:tr) you may get the incorrect number of table cells (xhtml:td) using this method.
  2. Leaving the element empty - This could indicate that the series is "", or is unknown, or that the book is not part of a series. Any xsl transform (or other evernt based parser) that matches book:series will be called. The value of current() will be "". You will get the same number of xhtml:td tags using this method as with the next described one.
  3. Using xsi:nil="true" - This signifies that the book:series element is NULL, not just empty. Your xsl transform (or other event based parser) that have a template matching book:series will be called. The value of current() will be empty (not empty string). The main difference between this method and (2) is that the schema type of book:series does not need to allow the empty string ("") as a valid value. This makes no real sense for a series element, but for a language element that is defined as an enumerated type in the schema, xsi:nil="true" allows the element to have no data. Another example would be elements of type decimal. If you want them to be empty you can union an enumerated string that only allows "" and a decimal, or use a decimal that is nillable.

FileNotFoundException while getting the InputStream object from HttpURLConnection

The solution:
just change localhost for the IP of your PC
if you want to know this: Windows+r > cmd > ipconfig
just replace for your own IP (don't try because it's same as localhost)

Removing double quotes from variables in batch file creates problems with CMD environment

You have an extra double quote at the end, which is adding it back to the end of the string (after removing both quotes from the string).


set widget="a very useful item"
set widget
set widget=%widget:"=%
set widget


widget="a very useful item"
widget=a very useful item

Note: To replace Double Quotes " with Single Quotes ' do the following:

set widget=%widget:"='%

Note: To replace the word "World" (not case sensitive) with BobB do the following:

set widget="Hello World!"
set widget=%widget:world=BobB%
set widget


widget="Hello BobB!"

As far as your initial question goes (save the following code to a batch file .cmd or .bat and run):

SET BathFileAndPath=%~0
ECHO %BathFileAndPath%
ECHO "%BathFileAndPath%"
ECHO %~0


"C:\Users\Test\Documents\Batch Files\Remove Quotes.cmd"
C:\Users\Test\Documents\Batch Files\Remove Quotes.cmd
"C:\Users\Test\Documents\Batch Files\Remove Quotes.cmd"
C:\Users\Test\Documents\Batch Files\Remove Quotes.cmd
"C:\Users\Test\Documents\Batch Files\Remove Quotes.cmd"
Press any key to continue . . .

%0 is the Script Name and Path.
%1 is the first command line argument, and so on.

Update Git branches from master

There are two options for this problem.

1) git rebase

2) git merge

Only diff with above both in case of merge, will have extra commit in history

1) git checkout branch(b1,b2,b3)

2) git rebase origin/master (In case of conflicts resolve locally by doing git rebase --continue)

3) git push

Alternatively, git merge option is similar fashion

1) git checkout "your_branch"(b1,b2,b3)

2) git merge master

3) git push

How to create a density plot in matplotlib?

Option 1:

Use pandas dataframe plot (built on top of matplotlib):

import pandas as pd
data = [1.5]*7 + [2.5]*2 + [3.5]*8 + [4.5]*3 + [5.5]*1 + [6.5]*8
pd.DataFrame(data).plot(kind='density') # or pd.Series()

enter image description here

Option 2:

Use distplot of seaborn:

import seaborn as sns
data = [1.5]*7 + [2.5]*2 + [3.5]*8 + [4.5]*3 + [5.5]*1 + [6.5]*8
sns.distplot(data, hist=False)

enter image description here

less than 10 add 0 to number

You can always do

('0' + deg).slice(-2)

See slice():

You can also use negative numbers to select from the end of an array


('0' + 11).slice(-2) // '11'
('0' + 4).slice(-2)  // '04'

For ease of access, you could of course extract it to a function, or even extend Number with it:

Number.prototype.pad = function(n) {
    return new Array(n).join('0').slice((n || 2) * -1) + this;

Which will allow you to write:

c += deg.pad() + '° '; // "04° "

The above function pad accepts an argument specifying the length of the desired string. If no such argument is used, it defaults to 2. You could write:

deg.pad(4) // "0045"

Note the obvious drawback that the value of n cannot be higher than 11, as the string of 0's is currently just 10 characters long. This could of course be given a technical solution, but I did not want to introduce complexity in such a simple function. (Should you elect to, see alex's answer for an excellent approach to that).

Note also that you would not be able to write 2.pad(). It only works with variables. But then, if it's not a variable, you'll always know beforehand how many digits the number consists of.

Java Class that implements Map and keeps insertion order?

I don't know if it is opensource, but after a little googling, I found this implementation of Map using ArrayList. It seems to be pre-1.5 Java, so you might want to genericize it, which should be easy. Note that this implementation has O(N) access, but this shouldn't be a problem if you don't add hundreds of widgets to your JPanel, which you shouldn't anyway.

posting hidden value

You should never assume register_global_variables is turned on. Even if it is, it's deprecated and you should never use it that way.

Refer directly to the $_POST or $_GET variables. Most likely your form is POSTing, so you'd want your code to look something along the lines of this:

<input type="hidden" name="date" id="hiddenField" value="<?php echo $_POST['date'] ?>" />

If this doesn't work for you right away, print out the $_POST or $_GET variable on the page that would have the hidden form field and determine exactly what you want and refer to it.

echo "<pre>";
echo "</pre>";

Setting PATH environment variable in OSX permanently

You could also add this

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
    . ~/.bashrc

to ~/.bash_profile, then create ~/.bashrc where you can just add more paths to PATH. An example with .

export PATH=$PATH:.

How do I tokenize a string sentence in NLTK?

As @PavelAnossov answered, the canonical answer, use the word_tokenize function in nltk:

from nltk import word_tokenize
sent = "This is my text, this is a nice way to input text."

If your sentence is truly simple enough:

Using the string.punctuation set, remove punctuation then split using the whitespace delimiter:

import string
x = "This is my text, this is a nice way to input text."
y = "".join([i for i in x if not in string.punctuation]).split(" ")
print y

How to use operator '-replace' in PowerShell to replace strings of texts with special characters and replace successfully

'-replace' does a regex search and you have special characters in that last one (like +) So you might use the non-regex replace version like this:

$c = $c.replace('AccountKey=eKkij32jGEIYIEqAR5RjkKgf4OTiMO6SAyF68HsR/Zd/KXoKvSdjlUiiWyVV2+OUFOrVsd7jrzhldJPmfBBpQA==','DdOegAhDmLdsou6Ms6nPtP37bdw6EcXucuT47lf9kfClA6PjGTe3CfN+WVBJNWzqcQpWtZf10tgFhKrnN48lXA==')

How to declare a vector of zeros in R

X <- c(1:3)*0

Maybe this is not the most efficient way to initialize a vector to zero, but this requires to remember only the c() function, which is very frequently cited in tutorials as a usual way to declare a vector.

As as side-note: To someone learning her way into R from other languages, the multitude of functions to do same thing in R may be mindblowing, just as demonstrated by the previous answers here.

How to get the squared symbol (²) to display in a string

Not sure what kind of text box you are refering to. However, I'm not sure if you can do this in a text box on a user form.

A text box on a sheet you can though.

Sheets("Sheet1").Shapes("TextBox 1").TextFrame2.TextRange.Text = "R2=" & variable
Sheets("Sheet1").Shapes("TextBox 1").TextFrame2.TextRange.Characters(2, 1).Font.Superscript = msoTrue

And same thing for an excel cell

Sheets("Sheet1").Range("A1").Characters(2, 1).Font.Superscript = True

If this isn't what you're after you will need to provide more information in your question.

EDIT: posted this after the comment sorry

How to create <input type=“text”/> dynamically

You could use createElement() method for creating that textbox

How to style a JSON block in Github Wiki?

I encountered the same problem. So, I tried representing the JSON in different Language syntax formats.But all time favorites are Perl, js, python, & elixir.

This is how it looks.

The following screenshots are from the Gitlab in a markdown file. This may vary based on the colors using for syntax in MARKDOWN files.





app-release-unsigned.apk is not signed

Always sign your build using your build.gradle DSL script like this:

    android {
    signingConfigs {
        debug {
            storeFile file("debug.keystore")

        myConfig {
            storeFile file("other.keystore")
            storePassword "android"
            keyAlias "androidotherkey"
            keyPassword "android"

    buildTypes {
        bar {
            debuggable true
            jniDebugBuild true
            signingConfig signingConfigs.debug
        foo {
            debuggable false
            jniDebugBuild false
            signingConfig signingConfigs.myConfig

If you want to understand a little more of the Gradle build system associated to Android Studio just pay a visit to:

Gradle Plugin User Guide

How do I escape a single quote in SQL Server?

This should work

DECLARE @singleQuote CHAR 
SET @singleQuote =  CHAR(39)

insert into my_table values('hi, my name'+ @singleQuote +'s tim.')

OnItemClickListener using ArrayAdapter for ListView

i'm using arrayadpter ,using this follwed code i'm able to get items

String value = (String)adapter.getItemAtPosition(position);

listView.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {

        public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view,
                int position, long id) {
             String string=adapter.getItem(position);
             Log.d("**********", string);


How do I load a file into the python console?

For Python 2 give execfile a try. (See other answers for Python 3)


Example usage:
Let's use "copy con" to quickly create a small script file...

C:\junk>copy con
a = [9, 42, 888]
b = len(a)
        1 file(s) copied.

...and then let's load this script like so:

Python 2.7.1 (r271:86832, Nov 27 2010, 18:30:46) [MSC v.1500 32 bit (Intel)] on win32
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> execfile('')
>>> a
[9, 42, 888]
>>> b

Store output of subprocess.Popen call in a string

This was perfect for me. You will get the return code, stdout and stderr in a tuple.

from subprocess import Popen, PIPE

def console(cmd):
    p = Popen(cmd, shell=True, stdout=PIPE)
    out, err = p.communicate()
    return (p.returncode, out, err)

For Example:

result = console('ls -l')
print 'returncode: %s' % result[0]
print 'output: %s' % result[1]
print 'error: %s' % result[2]

Accessing a Dictionary.Keys Key through a numeric index

The way you worded the question leads me to believe that the int in the Dictionary contains the item's "position" on the Dictionary. Judging from the assertion that the keys aren't stored in the order that they're added, if this is correct, that would mean that keys.Count (or .Count - 1, if you're using zero-based) should still always be the number of the last-entered key?

If that's correct, is there any reason you can't instead use Dictionary<int, string> so that you can use mydict[ mydict.Keys.Count ]?

How do I configure Apache 2 to run Perl CGI scripts?

As of Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) (and perhaps a release or two before) simply installing apache2 and mod-perl via Synaptic and placing your CGI scripts in /usr/lib/cgi-bin is really all you need to do.

How to use if - else structure in a batch file?

here is how I handled if else if situation

if %env%==dev ( 
    echo "dev env selected selected"
) else (
    if %env%==prod (
        echo "prod env selected"

Note it is not the same as if-elseif block as the other programming languages like C++ or Java but it will do what you need to do

Can we add div inside table above every <tr>?

If we follow the w3 org table reference ,and follow the Permitted Contents section, we can see that the table tags takes tbody(optional) and tr as the only permitted contents.

So i reckon it is safe to say we cannot add a div tag which is a flow content as a direct child of the table which i understand is what you meant when you had said above a tr.

Having said that , as we follow the above link , you will find that it is safe to use divs inside the td element as seen here

Subtracting Number of Days from a Date in PL/SQL

Use sysdate-1 to subtract one day from system date.

select sysdate, sysdate -1 from dual;


-------- ---------
22-10-13 21-10-13 

Disable copy constructor

If you don't mind multiple inheritance (it is not that bad, after all), you may write simple class with private copy constructor and assignment operator and additionally subclass it:

class NonAssignable {
    NonAssignable(NonAssignable const&);
    NonAssignable& operator=(NonAssignable const&);
    NonAssignable() {}

class SymbolIndexer: public Indexer, public NonAssignable {

For GCC this gives the following error message:

test.h: In copy constructor ‘SymbolIndexer::SymbolIndexer(const SymbolIndexer&)’:
test.h: error: ‘NonAssignable::NonAssignable(const NonAssignable&)’ is private

I'm not very sure for this to work in every compiler, though. There is a related question, but with no answer yet.


In C++11 you may also write NonAssignable class as follows:

class NonAssignable {
    NonAssignable(NonAssignable const&) = delete;
    NonAssignable& operator=(NonAssignable const&) = delete;
    NonAssignable() {}

The delete keyword prevents members from being default-constructed, so they cannot be used further in a derived class's default-constructed members. Trying to assign gives the following error in GCC:

test.cpp: error: use of deleted function
          ‘SymbolIndexer& SymbolIndexer::operator=(const SymbolIndexer&)’
test.cpp: note: ‘SymbolIndexer& SymbolIndexer::operator=(const SymbolIndexer&)’
          is implicitly deleted because the default definition would
          be ill-formed:


Boost already has a class just for the same purpose, I guess it's even implemented in similar way. The class is called boost::noncopyable and is meant to be used as in the following:

#include <boost/core/noncopyable.hpp>

class SymbolIndexer: public Indexer, private boost::noncopyable {

I'd recommend sticking to the Boost's solution if your project policy allows it. See also another boost::noncopyable-related question for more information.

One line if-condition-assignment

In one line:

if someBoolValue: num1 = 20

But don’t do that. This style is normally not expected. People prefer the longer form for clarity and consistency.

if someBoolValue:
    num1 = 20

(Equally, camel caps should be avoided. So rather use some_bool_value.)

Note that an in-line expression some_value if predicate without an else part does not exist because there would not be a return value if the predicate were false. However, expressions must have a clearly defined return value in all cases. This is different from usage as in, say, Ruby or Perl.

Validation for 10 digit mobile number and focus input field on invalid

After testing all answers without success. Some times input take alpha character also.

Here is the last full working code with only numbers input also keeping in mind backspace button key event for user if something number is incorrect.

$("#phone").keydown(function(event) {_x000D_
  k = event.which;_x000D_
  if ((k >= 96 && k <= 105) || k == 8) {_x000D_
    if ($(this).val().length == 10) {_x000D_
      if (k == 8) {_x000D_
        return true;_x000D_
      } else {_x000D_
        return false;_x000D_
  } else {_x000D_
    return false;_x000D_
<script src=""></script>_x000D_
<input name="phone" id="phone" placeholder="Mobile Number" class="form-control" type="number" required>

Get absolute path of initially run script


From the manual:

The directory of the file. If used inside an include, the directory of the included file is returned. This is equivalent to dirname(__FILE__). This directory name does not have a trailing slash unless it is the root directory.
__FILE__ always contains an absolute path with symlinks resolved whereas in older versions (than 4.0.2) it contained relative path under some circumstances.

Note: __DIR__ was added in PHP 5.3.0.

How to insert a new line in Linux shell script?

The simplest way to insert a new line between echo statements is to insert an echo without arguments, for example:

echo Create the snapshots
echo Snapshot created

That is, echo without any arguments will print a blank line.

Another alternative to use a single echo statement with the -e flag and embedded newline characters \n:

echo -e "Create the snapshots\n\nSnapshot created"

However, this is not portable, as the -e flag doesn't work consistently in all systems. A better way if you really want to do this is using printf:

printf "Create the snapshots\n\nSnapshot created\n"

This works more reliably in many systems, though it's not POSIX compliant. Notice that you must manually add a \n at the end, as printf doesn't append a newline automatically as echo does.

UnexpectedRollbackException: Transaction rolled back because it has been marked as rollback-only

This is the normal behavior and the reason is that your sqlCommandHandlerService.persist method needs a TX when being executed (because it is marked with @Transactional annotation). But when it is called inside processNextRegistrationMessage, because there is a TX available, the container doesn't create a new one and uses existing TX. So if any exception occurs in sqlCommandHandlerService.persist method, it causes TX to be set to rollBackOnly (even if you catch the exception in the caller and ignore it).

To overcome this you can use propagation levels for transactions. Have a look at this to find out which propagation best suits your requirements.

Update; Read this!

Well after a colleague came to me with a couple of questions about a similar situation, I feel this needs a bit of clarification.
Although propagations solve such issues, you should be VERY careful about using them and do not use them unless you ABSOLUTELY understand what they mean and how they work. You may end up persisting some data and rolling back some others where you don't expect them to work that way and things can go horribly wrong.

EDIT Link to current version of the documentation

How do I get an element to scroll into view, using jQuery?

Simple 2 steps for scrolling down to end or bottom.

Step1: get the full height of scrollable(conversation) div.

Step2: apply scrollTop on that scrollable(conversation) div using the value obtained in step1.

var fullHeight = $('#conversation')[0].scrollHeight;


Above steps must be applied for every append on the conversation div.

Safe String to BigDecimal conversion

I needed a solution to convert a String to a BigDecimal without knowing the locale and being locale-independent. I couldn't find any standard solution for this problem so i wrote my own helper method. May be it helps anybody else too:

Update: Warning! This helper method works only for decimal numbers, so numbers which always have a decimal point! Otherwise the helper method could deliver a wrong result for numbers between 1000 and 999999 (plus/minus). Thanks to bezmax for his great input!

static final String EMPTY = "";
static final String POINT = '.';
static final String COMMA = ',';
static final String POINT_AS_STRING = ".";
static final String COMMA_AS_STRING = ",";

     * Converts a String to a BigDecimal.
     *     if there is more than 1 '.', the points are interpreted as thousand-separator and will be removed for conversion
     *     if there is more than 1 ',', the commas are interpreted as thousand-separator and will be removed for conversion
     *  the last '.' or ',' will be interpreted as the separator for the decimal places
     *  () or - in front or in the end will be interpreted as negative number
     * @param value
     * @return The BigDecimal expression of the given string
    public static BigDecimal toBigDecimal(final String value) {
        if (value != null){
            boolean negativeNumber = false;

            if (value.containts("(") && value.contains(")"))
               negativeNumber = true;
            if (value.endsWith("-") || value.startsWith("-"))
               negativeNumber = true;

            String parsedValue = value.replaceAll("[^0-9\\,\\.]", EMPTY);

            if (negativeNumber)
               parsedValue = "-" + parsedValue;

            int lastPointPosition = parsedValue.lastIndexOf(POINT);
            int lastCommaPosition = parsedValue.lastIndexOf(COMMA);

            //handle '1423' case, just a simple number
            if (lastPointPosition == -1 && lastCommaPosition == -1)
                return new BigDecimal(parsedValue);
            //handle '45.3' and '4.550.000' case, only points are in the given String
            if (lastPointPosition > -1 && lastCommaPosition == -1){
                int firstPointPosition = parsedValue.indexOf(POINT);
                if (firstPointPosition != lastPointPosition)
                    return new BigDecimal(parsedValue.replace(POINT_AS_STRING, EMPTY));
                    return new BigDecimal(parsedValue);
            //handle '45,3' and '4,550,000' case, only commas are in the given String
            if (lastPointPosition == -1 && lastCommaPosition > -1){
                int firstCommaPosition = parsedValue.indexOf(COMMA);
                if (firstCommaPosition != lastCommaPosition)
                    return new BigDecimal(parsedValue.replace(COMMA_AS_STRING, EMPTY));
                    return new BigDecimal(parsedValue.replace(COMMA, POINT));
            //handle '2.345,04' case, points are in front of commas
            if (lastPointPosition < lastCommaPosition){
                parsedValue = parsedValue.replace(POINT_AS_STRING, EMPTY);
                return new BigDecimal(parsedValue.replace(COMMA, POINT));
            //handle '2,345.04' case, commas are in front of points
            if (lastCommaPosition < lastPointPosition){
                parsedValue = parsedValue.replace(COMMA_AS_STRING, EMPTY);
                return new BigDecimal(parsedValue);
            throw new NumberFormatException("Unexpected number format. Cannot convert '" + value + "' to BigDecimal.");
        return null;

Of course i've tested the method:

@Test(dataProvider = "testBigDecimals")
    public void toBigDecimal_defaultLocaleTest(String stringValue, BigDecimal bigDecimalValue){
        BigDecimal convertedBigDecimal = DecimalHelper.toBigDecimal(stringValue);
        Assert.assertEquals(convertedBigDecimal, bigDecimalValue);
    @DataProvider(name = "testBigDecimals")
    public static Object[][] bigDecimalConvertionTestValues() {
        return new Object[][] {
                {"5", new BigDecimal(5)},
                {"5,3", new BigDecimal("5.3")},
                {"5.3", new BigDecimal("5.3")},
                {"5.000,3", new BigDecimal("5000.3")},
                {"5.000.000,3", new BigDecimal("5000000.3")},
                {"5.000.000", new BigDecimal("5000000")},
                {"5,000.3", new BigDecimal("5000.3")},
                {"5,000,000.3", new BigDecimal("5000000.3")},
                {"5,000,000", new BigDecimal("5000000")},
                {"+5", new BigDecimal("5")},
                {"+5,3", new BigDecimal("5.3")},
                {"+5.3", new BigDecimal("5.3")},
                {"+5.000,3", new BigDecimal("5000.3")},
                {"+5.000.000,3", new BigDecimal("5000000.3")},
                {"+5.000.000", new BigDecimal("5000000")},
                {"+5,000.3", new BigDecimal("5000.3")},
                {"+5,000,000.3", new BigDecimal("5000000.3")},
                {"+5,000,000", new BigDecimal("5000000")},
                {"-5", new BigDecimal("-5")},
                {"-5,3", new BigDecimal("-5.3")},
                {"-5.3", new BigDecimal("-5.3")},
                {"-5.000,3", new BigDecimal("-5000.3")},
                {"-5.000.000,3", new BigDecimal("-5000000.3")},
                {"-5.000.000", new BigDecimal("-5000000")},
                {"-5,000.3", new BigDecimal("-5000.3")},
                {"-5,000,000.3", new BigDecimal("-5000000.3")},
                {"-5,000,000", new BigDecimal("-5000000")},
                {null, null}

How to get Node.JS Express to listen only on localhost?

You are having this problem because you are attempting to console log app.address() before the connection has been made. You just have to be sure to console log after the connection is made, i.e. in a callback or after an event signaling that the connection has been made.

Fortunately, the 'listening' event is emitted by the server after the connection is made so just do this:

var express = require('express');
var http = require('http');

var app = express();
var server = http.createServer(app);

app.get('/', function(req, res) {
    res.send("Hello World!");

server.listen(3000, 'localhost');
server.on('listening', function() {
    console.log('Express server started on port %s at %s', server.address().port, server.address().address);

This works just fine in nodejs v0.6+ and Express v3.0+.

CSS /JS to prevent dragging of ghost image?

In React all you need is:

    onMouseDown={(e) => {
      // other code

error LNK2005: xxx already defined in MSVCRT.lib(MSVCR100.dll) C:\something\LIBCMT.lib(setlocal.obj)

You are mixing code that was compiled with /MD (use DLL version of CRT) with code that was compiled with /MT (use static CRT library). That cannot work, all source code files must be compiled with the same setting. Given that you use libraries that were pre-compiled with /MD, almost always the correct setting, you must compile your own code with this setting as well.

Project + Properties, C/C++, Code Generation, Runtime Library.

Beware that these libraries were probably compiled with an earlier version of the CRT, msvcr100.dll is quite new. Not sure if that will cause trouble, you may have to prevent the linker from generating a manifest. You must also make sure to deploy the DLLs you need to the target machine, including msvcr100.dll

Spring MVC: how to create a default controller for index page?

One way to achieve it, is by map your welcome-file to your controller request path in the web.xml file:


<web-app ...

<!-- Index -->



public class LoginController{

public String homepage2(ModelMap model, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response){
    model.addAttribute("sigh", "lesigh");
    return "index";

Multiple GitHub Accounts & SSH Config

I posted the technique I use to deal with these here

Import-Module : The specified module 'activedirectory' was not loaded because no valid module file was found in any module directory

Even better use implicit remoting to use a module from another Machine!

$s = New-PSSession Server-Name
Invoke-Command -Session $s -ScriptBlock {Import-Module ActiveDirectory}
Import-PSSession -Session $s -Module ActiveDirectory -Prefix REM

This will allow you to use the module off a remote PC for as long as the PSSession is connected.

More Information:

Access multiple viewchildren using @viewchild

Use the @ViewChildren decorator combined with QueryList. Both of these are from "@angular/core"

@ViewChildren(CustomComponent) customComponentChildren: QueryList<CustomComponent>;

Doing something with each child looks like: this.customComponentChildren.forEach((child) => { child.stuff = 'y' })

There is further documentation to be had at, specifically:!#sts=Parent%20calls%20a%20ViewChild