New Array from Index Range Swift

128

How can I do something like this? Take the first n elements from an array:

newNumbers = numbers[0..n]

Currently getting the following error:

error: could not find an overload for 'subscript' that accepts the supplied arguments

EDIT:

Here is the function that I'm working in.

func aFunction(numbers: Array<Int>, position: Int) -> Array<Int> {
    var newNumbers = numbers[0...position]
    return newNumbers
}

This question is tagged with arrays swift

~ Asked on 2014-06-04 09:58:20

The Best Answer is


189

This works for me:

var test = [1, 2, 3]
var n = 2
var test2 = test[0..<n]

Your issue could be with how you're declaring your array to begin with.

EDIT:

To fix your function, you have to cast your Slice to an array:

func aFunction(numbers: Array<Int>, position: Int) -> Array<Int> {
    var newNumbers = Array(numbers[0..<position])
    return newNumbers
}

// test
aFunction([1, 2, 3], 2) // returns [1, 2]

~ Answered on 2014-06-04 10:01:09


108

#1. Using Array subscript with range

With Swift 5, when you write…

let newNumbers = numbers[0...position]

newNumbers is not of type Array<Int> but is of type ArraySlice<Int>. That's because Array's subscript(_:?) returns an ArraySlice<Element> that, according to Apple, presents a view onto the storage of some larger array.

Besides, Swift also provides Array an initializer called init(_:?) that allows us to create a new array from a sequence (including ArraySlice).

Therefore, you can use subscript(_:?) with init(_:?) in order to get a new array from the first n elements of an array:

let array = Array(10...14) // [10, 11, 12, 13, 14]
let arraySlice = array[0..<3] // using Range
//let arraySlice = array[0...2] // using ClosedRange also works
//let arraySlice = array[..<3] // using PartialRangeUpTo also works
//let arraySlice = array[...2] // using PartialRangeThrough also works
let newArray = Array(arraySlice)
print(newArray) // prints [10, 11, 12]

#2. Using Array's prefix(_:) method

Swift provides a prefix(_:) method for types that conform to Collection protocol (including Array). prefix(_:) has the following declaration:

func prefix(_ maxLength: Int) -> ArraySlice<Element>

Returns a subsequence, up to maxLength in length, containing the initial elements.

Apple also states:

If the maximum length exceeds the number of elements in the collection, the result contains all the elements in the collection.

Therefore, as an alternative to the previous example, you can use the following code in order to create a new array from the first elements of another array:

let array = Array(10...14) // [10, 11, 12, 13, 14]
let arraySlice = array.prefix(3)
let newArray = Array(arraySlice)
print(newArray) // prints [10, 11, 12]

~ Answered on 2015-12-15 22:43:51


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