How do I set up the database.yml file in Rails?

19

I'm doing this tutorial (http://dmix.ca/2008/09/how-to-scrape-websites-in-ruby-on-rails-using-scrubyt/) and step 4 before I begin is to set up the database.yml file. Not sure what that means. Could someone please explain?

This question is tagged with ruby-on-rails ruby database yaml

~ Asked on 2011-09-05 06:37:40

The Best Answer is


70

The database.yml is the file where you set up all the information to connect to the database. It differs depending on the kind of DB you use. You can find more information about this in the Rails Guide or any tutorial explaining how to setup a rails project.

The information in the database.yml file is scoped by environment, allowing you to get a different setting for testing, development or production. It is important that you keep those distinct if you don't want the data you use for development deleted by mistake while running your test suite.

Regarding source control, you should not commit this file but instead create a template file for other developers (called database.yml.template). When deploying, the convention is to create this database.yml file in /shared/config directly on the server.

With SVN: svn propset svn:ignore config "database.yml"

With Git: Add config/database.yml to the .gitignore file or with git-extra git ignore config/database.yml


... and now, some examples:

SQLite

adapter: sqlite3
database: db/db_dev_db.sqlite3
pool: 5
timeout: 5000

MYSQL

adapter: mysql
database: my_db
hostname: 127.0.0.1
username: root
password: 
socket: /tmp/mysql.sock
pool: 5
timeout: 5000

MongoDB with MongoID (called mongoid.yml, but basically the same thing)

host: <%= ENV['MONGOID_HOST'] %>
port: <%= ENV['MONGOID_PORT'] %>
username: <%= ENV['MONGOID_USERNAME'] %>
password: <%= ENV['MONGOID_PASSWORD'] %>
database: <%= ENV['MONGOID_DATABASE'] %>
# slaves:
#   - host: slave1.local
#     port: 27018
#   - host: slave2.local
#     port: 27019

~ Answered on 2011-09-05 09:52:45


19

The database.yml is a file that is created with new rails applications in /config and defines the database configurations that your application will use in different environments. Read this for details.

Example database.yml:

development:
  adapter: sqlite3
  database: db/development.sqlite3
  pool: 5
  timeout: 5000

test:
  adapter: sqlite3
  database: db/test.sqlite3
  pool: 5
  timeout: 5000

production:
  adapter: mysql
  encoding: utf8
  database: your_db
  username: root
  password: your_pass
  socket: /tmp/mysql.sock
  host: your_db_ip     #defaults to 127.0.0.1
  port: 3306           

~ Answered on 2011-09-05 06:45:25


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