[mysql] How to execute a MySQL command from a shell script?

How can I execute an SQL command through a shell script so that I can make it automated?

I want to restore data I have collected in a SQL file using a shell script. I want to connect to a server and restore data. The command works when executed separately via SSH command line.

This is the command I use:

mysql -h "server-name" -u root "password" "database-name" < "filename.sql"

This is the shell script code that creates the file ds_fbids.sql and pipes it into mysql.

perl fb_apps_frm_fb.pl
perl fb_new_spider.pl ds_fbids.txt ds_fbids.sql
mysql -h dbservername -u username -ppassword dbname < ds_fbids.sql

What is the correct way to do this?

This question is related to mysql shell ssh

The answer is

You need to use the -p flag to send a password. And it's tricky because you must have no space between -p and the password.

$ mysql -h "server-name" -u "root" "-pXXXXXXXX" "database-name" < "filename.sql"

If you use a space after -p it makes the mysql client prompt you interactively for the password, and then it interprets the next command argument as a database-name:

$ mysql -h "server-name" -u "root" -p "XXXXXXXX" "database-name" < "filename.sql"
Enter password: <you type it in here>
ERROR 1049 (42000): Unknown database 'XXXXXXXX'

Actually, I prefer to store the user and password in ~/.my.cnf so I don't have to put it on the command-line at all:

user = root
password = XXXXXXXX


$ mysql -h "server-name" "database-name" < "filename.sql"

Re your comment:

I run batch-mode mysql commands like the above on the command line and in shell scripts all the time. It's hard to diagnose what's wrong with your shell script, because you haven't shared the exact script or any error output. I suggest you edit your original question above and provide examples of what goes wrong.

Also when I'm troubleshooting a shell script I use the -x flag so I can see how it's executing each command:

$ bash -x myscript.sh

Similar questions with mysql tag:

Similar questions with shell tag:

Similar questions with ssh tag: