[python] How to use a variable inside a regular expression?

I'd like to use a variable inside a regex, how can I do this in Python?

TEXTO = sys.argv[1]

if re.search(r"\b(?=\w)TEXTO\b(?!\w)", subject, re.IGNORECASE):
    # Successful match
    # Match attempt failed

This question is related to python regex python-3.x variables escaping

The answer is

more example

I have configus.yml with flows files

  - _(\d{14})_
  - "%m%d%Y%H%M%f"

in python code I use

data_time_real_file=re.findall(r""+flows[flow]["pattern"][0]+"", latest_file)

I needed to search for usernames that are similar to each other, and what Ned Batchelder said was incredibly helpful. However, I found I had cleaner output when I used re.compile to create my re search term:

pattern = re.compile(r"("+username+".*):(.*?):(.*?):(.*?):(.*)"
matches = re.findall(pattern, lines)

Output can be printed using the following:

print(matches[1]) # prints one whole matching line (in this case, the first line)
print(matches[1][3]) # prints the fourth character group (established with the parentheses in the regex statement) of the first line.

if re.search(r"\b(?<=\w)%s\b(?!\w)" % TEXTO, subject, re.IGNORECASE):

This will insert what is in TEXTO into the regex as a string.

You have to build the regex as a string:

TEXTO = sys.argv[1]
my_regex = r"\b(?=\w)" + re.escape(TEXTO) + r"\b(?!\w)"

if re.search(my_regex, subject, re.IGNORECASE):

Note the use of re.escape so that if your text has special characters, they won't be interpreted as such.

I find it very convenient to build a regular expression pattern by stringing together multiple smaller patterns.

import re

string = "begin:id1:tag:middl:id2:tag:id3:end"
re_str1 = r'(?<=(\S{5})):'
re_str2 = r'(id\d+):(?=tag:)'
re_pattern = re.compile(re_str1 + re_str2)
match = re_pattern.findall(string)


[('begin', 'id1'), ('middl', 'id2')]

I agree with all the above unless:

sys.argv[1] was something like Chicken\d{2}-\d{2}An\s*important\s*anchor

sys.argv[1] = "Chicken\d{2}-\d{2}An\s*important\s*anchor"

you would not want to use re.escape, because in that case you would like it to behave like a regex

TEXTO = sys.argv[1]

if re.search(r"\b(?<=\w)" + TEXTO + "\b(?!\w)", subject, re.IGNORECASE):
    # Successful match
    # Match attempt failed

rx = r'\b(?<=\w){0}\b(?!\w)'.format(TEXTO)

You can use format keyword as well for this.Format method will replace {} placeholder to the variable which you passed to the format method as an argument.

if re.search(r"\b(?=\w)**{}**\b(?!\w)".**format(TEXTO)**, subject, re.IGNORECASE):
    # Successful match**strong text**
    # Match attempt failed

you can try another usage using format grammer suger:

re_genre = r'{}'.format(your_variable)
regex_pattern = re.compile(re_genre)  

Examples related to python

programming a servo thru a barometer Is there a way to view two blocks of code from the same file simultaneously in Sublime Text? python variable NameError Why my regexp for hyphenated words doesn't work? Comparing a variable with a string python not working when redirecting from bash script is it possible to add colors to python output? Get Public URL for File - Google Cloud Storage - App Engine (Python) Real time face detection OpenCV, Python xlrd.biffh.XLRDError: Excel xlsx file; not supported Could not load dynamic library 'cudart64_101.dll' on tensorflow CPU-only installation

Examples related to regex

Why my regexp for hyphenated words doesn't work? grep's at sign caught as whitespace Preg_match backtrack error regex match any single character (one character only) re.sub erroring with "Expected string or bytes-like object" Only numbers. Input number in React Visual Studio Code Search and Replace with Regular Expressions Strip / trim all strings of a dataframe return string with first match Regex How to capture multiple repeated groups?

Examples related to python-3.x

Could not load dynamic library 'cudart64_101.dll' on tensorflow CPU-only installation Replace specific text with a redacted version using Python Upgrade to python 3.8 using conda "Permission Denied" trying to run Python on Windows 10 Python: 'ModuleNotFoundError' when trying to import module from imported package What is the meaning of "Failed building wheel for X" in pip install? How to downgrade python from 3.7 to 3.6 I can't install pyaudio on Windows? How to solve "error: Microsoft Visual C++ 14.0 is required."? Iterating over arrays in Python 3 How to upgrade Python version to 3.7?

Examples related to variables

When to create variables (memory management) How to print a Groovy variable in Jenkins? What does ${} (dollar sign and curly braces) mean in a string in Javascript? How to access global variables How to initialize a variable of date type in java? How to define a variable in a Dockerfile? Why does foo = filter(...) return a <filter object>, not a list? How can I pass variable to ansible playbook in the command line? How do I use this JavaScript variable in HTML? Static vs class functions/variables in Swift classes?

Examples related to escaping

Uses for the '&quot;' entity in HTML Javascript - How to show escape characters in a string? How to print a single backslash? How to escape special characters of a string with single backslashes Saving utf-8 texts with json.dumps as UTF8, not as \u escape sequence Properly escape a double quote in CSV How to Git stash pop specific stash in 1.8.3? In Java, should I escape a single quotation mark (') in String (double quoted)? How do I escape a single quote ( ' ) in JavaScript? Which characters need to be escaped when using Bash?