How to upsert (update or insert) in SQL Server 2005

The Solution to How to upsert (update or insert) in SQL Server 2005 is


Try to check for existence:

IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT * FROM dbo.Employee WHERE ID = @SomeID)

    INSERT INTO dbo.Employee(Col1, ..., ColN)
    VALUES(Val1, .., ValN)

ELSE

    UPDATE dbo.Employee
    SET Col1 = Val1, Col2 = Val2, ...., ColN = ValN
    WHERE ID = @SomeID

You could easily wrap this into a stored procedure and just call that stored procedure from the outside (e.g. from a programming language like C# or whatever you're using).

Update: either you can just write this entire statement in one long string (doable - but not really very useful) - or you can wrap it into a stored procedure:

CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.InsertOrUpdateEmployee
       @ID INT,
       @Name VARCHAR(50),
       @ItemName VARCHAR(50),  
       @ItemCatName VARCHAR(50),
       @ItemQty DECIMAL(15,2)
AS BEGIN
    IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT * FROM dbo.Table1 WHERE ID = @ID)
       INSERT INTO dbo.Table1(ID, Name, ItemName, ItemCatName, ItemQty)
       VALUES(@ID, @Name, @ItemName, @ItemCatName, @ItemQty)
    ELSE
       UPDATE dbo.Table1
       SET Name = @Name,
           ItemName = @ItemName,
           ItemCatName = @ItemCatName,
           ItemQty = @ItemQty
       WHERE ID = @ID
END

and then just call that stored procedure from your ADO.NET code

~ Answered on 2012-06-13 08:02:14


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