How to add extension methods to Enums

134

I have this Enum code:

enum Duration { Day, Week, Month };

Can I add a extension methods for this Enum?

This question is tagged with c# .net enums

~ Asked on 2013-03-13 14:26:24

The Best Answer is


128

According to this site:

Extension methods provide a way to write methods for existing classes in a way other people on your team might actually discover and use. Given that enums are classes like any other it shouldn’t be too surprising that you can extend them, like:

enum Duration { Day, Week, Month };

static class DurationExtensions 
{
  public static DateTime From(this Duration duration, DateTime dateTime) 
  {
    switch (duration) 
    {
      case Day:   return dateTime.AddDays(1);
      case Week:  return dateTime.AddDays(7);
      case Month: return dateTime.AddMonths(1);
      default:    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("duration");
    }
  }
}

I think enums are not the best choice in general but at least this lets you centralize some of the switch/if handling and abstract them away a bit until you can do something better. Remember to check the values are in range too.

You can read more here at Microsft MSDN.

~ Answered on 2013-03-13 14:29:12


61

You can also add an extension method to the Enum type rather than an instance of the Enum:

/// <summary> Enum Extension Methods </summary>
/// <typeparam name="T"> type of Enum </typeparam>
public class Enum<T> where T : struct, IConvertible
{
    public static int Count
    {
        get
        {
            if (!typeof(T).IsEnum)
                throw new ArgumentException("T must be an enumerated type");

            return Enum.GetNames(typeof(T)).Length;
        }
    }
}

You can invoke the extension method above by doing:

var result = Enum<Duration>.Count;

It's not a true extension method. It only works because Enum<> is a different type than System.Enum.

~ Answered on 2016-10-16 21:43:54


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