[android] ionic build Android | error: No installed build tools found. Please install the Android build tools

When I run ionic build android command in root of ionic project, I am getting this error:

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

  • Where: Script '/home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/CordovaLib/cordova.gradle' line: 64

  • What went wrong: A problem occurred evaluating root project 'android'.

    No installed build tools found. Please install the Android build tools version 19.1.0 or higher.

  • Try: Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output.

javad@javad:~/Desktop/javadApp$ ionic build android
Running command: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/hooks/after_prepare/010_add_platform_class.js /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp
add to body class: platform-android
Running command: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/cordova/build 
ANDROID_HOME=/opt/android-sdk
JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java
Running: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/gradlew cdvBuildDebug -b /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/build.gradle -Dorg.gradle.daemon=true

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* Where:
Script '/home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/CordovaLib/cordova.gradle' line: 64

* What went wrong:
A problem occurred evaluating root project 'android'.
> No installed build tools found. Please install the Android build tools version 19.1.0 or higher.

* Try:
Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output.

BUILD FAILED

Total time: 1.564 secs

/home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/cordova/node_modules/q/q.js:126
                    throw e;
                          ^
Error code 1 for command: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/gradlew with args: cdvBuildDebug,-b,/home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/build.gradle,-Dorg.gradle.daemon=true
ERROR building one of the platforms: Error: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/cordova/build: Command failed with exit code 8
You may not have the required environment or OS to build this project
Error: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/cordova/build: Command failed with exit code 8
    at ChildProcess.whenDone (/usr/local/lib/node_modules/cordova/node_modules/cordova-lib/src/cordova/superspawn.js:134:23)
    at ChildProcess.EventEmitter.emit (events.js:98:17)
    at maybeClose (child_process.js:743:16)
    at Process.ChildProcess._handle.onexit (child_process.js:810:5)

in ~/.profile i have:

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/android-sdk/tools

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/android-sdk/platform-tools

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/node/bin

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java

export ANDROID_HOME=/opt/android-sdk

$PATH is:

/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/opt/android-sdk/tools:/opt/android-sdk/platform-tools:/opt/node/bin

Important issue:

in file: /home/javad/Desktop/javadApp/platforms/android/CordovaLib/cordova.gradle | line 38:

String[] getAvailableBuildTools() {
    def buildToolsDir = new File(getAndroidSdkDir(), "build-tools")
    buildToolsDir.list()
        .findAll { it ==~ /[0-9.]+/ }
        .sort { a, b -> compareVersions(b, a) }
}

just returned /opt/android-sdk/build-tools !!!

in /opt/android-sdk/build-tools folder i have:

android-5.1 folder that extract from: https://dl.google.com/android/repository/build-tools_r22-linux.zip

This question is related to android cordova ubuntu ionic-framework ionic

The answer is


Please install the Android build tools version 19.1.0 or higher.

The following commands can update Android SDK on Ubuntu quickly and fix the above error:

android list sdk --all
android update sdk -u -a -t 19
android update sdk -u -a -t 20

In my case the problem was that ANDROID_HOME was pointing to ~/Library/Android/ for some reason. The correct path is ~/Library/Android/sdk


For me, the problem was that ANDROID_HOME was pointing to an old Android SDK path. After installing Android Studio, I had to update ~/.bash_profile accordingly for MAC (El Capitan)

export ANDROID_HOME="/Users/corneliusparkin/Library/Android/sdk"

Remember to re-start terminal or run this command after updating ~/.bash_profile

source ~/.bash_profile


Mac IOS

Edit ~/.bash_profile by using vi or other shell editor

vi ~/.bash_profile

Add the following lines:

export ANDROID_HOME=~/Library/Android/sdk
export PATH=${PATH}:~/Software/android-sdk-macosx/tools:~/Software/android-sdk-macosx/platform-tools"

(save the file, and exit) load those updated env variables to the current shell env:

. ~/.bash_profile
  • If from some reason you have an old version of the build tools, you can update them from the android development studio:
  • Configure --> SDK Manager --> select "Android SDK Build-Tools
  • Check the "Show Package details"
  • review the versions of this package, update if needed

This problem I solved with the following detail, somehow the android SDK manage installed all the dependencies and necessary files, but forget this `templates` files where is found templates> gradle> wrapper. This set of files is missing.

Screenshot

Path in mac /Users/giogio/Library/Android/sdk/tools/templates


I Search this problem for days.... I hope it will be usefull

FINAL SOLUTION: (I assume that you have installed Oracle-JDK and ANDROID)

open /etc/environment with

 sudo nano /etc/environment


PATH="/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/home/shoniisra/Android/Sdk/tools:/home/shoniisra/Android/Sdk/platform-tools:/home/shoniisra/Android/Sdk/build-tools:/home/shoniisra/Android/Sdk:/home/shoniisra/android-studio/bin"
JAVA_HOME="/home/shoniisra/java/jdk1.8.0_231"
ANDROID_HOME="/home/shoniisra/Android/Sdk/build-tools/29.0.2"
ANDROID_SDK_ROOT="/home/shoniisra/Android/Sdk"
ANT_HOME="/home/shoniisra/ant/apache-ant-1.9.14"

Save and exit (CTRL+o CTRL+X)

Reload file source /etc/environment

If you recently installed Android you should accept some licences

cd ~/Android/Sdk/tools/bin/

Execute sdkmanager:

./sdkmanager --licenses

Then Accept all, and Finally generate your APK

cd {yourproyect}
sudo ionic cordova build android

In my case, the Enviroument Variable ANDROID_HOME was pointed to wrong (old) directory. I reallocated to correct one. In my case

ANDROID_HOME=F:\Program Files (x86)\Android\android-sdk


2018

The "android" command is deprecated.

try

sdkmanager "build-tools;27.0.3"

This work for me, as #Fadhil said


Go to D:Android sdk\Android SDK and click on SDK Manager and check whether Build Tools are installed or not if they are not installed then install those tools


I fix this by downloading sdk package called platform-tools and buid-tools using sdkmanager. You can use sdkmanager.exe or if you are using SDK CLI, go to ~\AppData\Local\Android\sdk\tools\bin and run this command:

sdkmanager "platform-tools" "platforms;android-26"

or

sdkmanager "build-tools;27.0.3"

or both

After that you should be able to run ionic cordova run android or ionic build android.

Note: globalize sdkmanager command by adding ~\AppData\Local\Android\sdk\tools and ~\AppData\Local\Android\sdk\tools\bin to your environment variable.


FOR WINDOW: I have faced this type of issue. But after exploring it solved in my case. I am using window 10. just follow few steps below:

  1. download Android SKD Manager for windows. https://developer.android.com/studio at the end of this page. It is zip file. after extracting it will show tools directory.

  2. Go to drive C:\ create new folder 'android-sdk'. copy tools folder and past in
    C:\android-sdk

  3. open command prompt as Administrator. Go to cd " c:\android-sdk\tools\bin ". sdkmanager will be show here. type skdmanager, it will show like this [=======================================] 100% Computing updates...

  4. after that type "sdkmanager platform-tools" it will create platform-tools directory in C:\android-sdk

  5. Now set System environment variables: right click on PC select properties. system settings will popup. click on > Environment Variables. Environment Variables will popup.

  6. At this window System variables as like this. C:\android-sdk\platform-tools and C:\android-sdk\tools\bin

  7. run command to build tools sdkmanager "build-tools;27.0.3"

    Also make sure java path is defined. I hope it will solve problem.


I fix the error by changing the ANDROID_HOME to C:\Users\Gebru\AppData\Local\Android\Sdk from wrong previous directory.


I have solved this issue by following steps:

  1. Go to cordova.gradle file (platform/android/cordovaLib/cordova.gradle)
  2. Search for getAndroidSdkDir() method
  3. Now simply replace System.getenv("ANDROID_HOME") with your real Android SDK path

I have tried all the above solution. None works. Until I was linked to https://forum.ionicframework.com/t/ionic-v4-no-installed-build-tools-found/152150.

Apparently, you must run the command as root. Sudo is not enough. You need to change to root user before you can run all the commands.


You are missing android SDK tools. Please try the following:

android list sdk --all
android update sdk -u -a -t <package no.>

Where <package no.> is 1,2,3,n and

-u (--no-ui)  # Headless mode
-a (--all)    # Includes all packages (also obsolete ones)
-t (--filter) # Filter by package index

The solution for this question is here https://docops.ca.com/devtest-solutions/8-0-2/en/installing/setting-up-the-mobile-testing-environment/preinstallation-steps-for-mobile-testing/

Please follow this steps, and solve your problem.

The Android SDK package contains a component called compile tools. The mobile test requires at least version 19.0.1, 19.1.0 or 20.0.0.

If these versions are not installed with your ADT package, you may receive an error message when creating a mobile asset in the DevTest Workstation:


This issue also occur if you do an upgrade to you cordova installation.

Check if your log error has something like:

Checking Java JDK and Android SDK versions
ANDROID_SDK_ROOT=undefined (recommended setting) <-------------
ANDROID_HOME=/{path}/android-sdk-linux (DEPRECATED)
Using Android SDK: /usr/lib/android-sdk
Starting a Gradle Daemon (subsequent builds will be faster)

In such case, just change ANDROID_HOME to ANDROID_SDK_ROOT in your ~/.bashrc or similar config file.

Where before was:

export ANDROID_HOME="/{path}/android-sdk-linux"

Now is:

export ANDROID_SDK_ROOT="/{path}/android-sdk-linux"

Don't forget source it: $ . ~/.bashrc after edition.


Open Command Prompt Check for ANDROID_HOME path using SET ANDROID_HOME, if not set then set using below command.

 SET ANDROID_HOME="C:\Users\VenkateshMogili\AppData\Local\Android\Sdk"

OR open system environment variables and create new variable as

 Variable Name: ANDROID_HOME
 Variable Value: C:\Users\VenkateshMogili\AppData\Local\Android\Sdk

and open cordova.gradle file (/platforms/android/CordovaLib/cordova.gradle) and search for getAndroidSdkDir() method and Replace the ANDROID_HOME path ("C:/Users/VenkateshMogili/AppData/Local/Android/Sdk") instead of System.getenv("ANDROID_HOME")

If license problem arises then type below command by opening the command prompt in C:\Users\VenkateshMogili\AppData\Local\Android\Sdk\tools\bin

  sdkmanager "build-tools;27.0.3"  //<-that will create build-tools folder and licenses folder.

It works for me.


I added <preference name="android-minSdkVersion" value="19" /> to my conf.xml and the build was successful.


as the error says 'No installed build tools found' it means that

1 : It really really really did not found build tools

2 : To make him find build tools you need to define these paths correctly

PATH IS SAME FOR UBUNTU(.bashrc) AND MAC(.bash_profile)

export ANDROID_HOME=/Users/vijay/Software/android-sdk-macosx
export PATH=${PATH}:/Users/vijay/Software/android-sdk-macosx/tools
export PATH=${PATH}:/Users/vijay/Software/android-sdk-macosx/platform-tools

3 : IMPORTANT IMPORTANT as soon as you set environmental variables you need to reload evnironmental variables.

//For ubuntu
$source .bashrc 

//For macos
$source .bash_profile

4 : Then check in terminal

$printenv ANDROID_HOME
$printenv PATH

Note : if you did not find your changes in printenv then restart the pc and try again printenv PATH, printenv ANDROID_HOME .There is also command to reload environmental variables .

4 : then open terminal and write HALF TEXT '$and' and hit tab. On hitting tab you should see full '$android' name.this verifys all paths are correct

5 : write $android in terminal and hit enter


Well Many people give their answer, some answer is same, some answer id different. I try many answer but they are did not work for me, of course I try from above answer also but did not solve my issue. And I don't know why but I have the same error even my issue solved by this ANSWER. I just want to write it might be helpful for someone.


Type android on your command line and install "Android SDK Build-tools"


This works for me! be careful with the new java versions because they cause error, check that you have everything installed and in your specific directory,

I did not use openJDK

export JAVA_HOME="/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-jdk" \
&& export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH \
&& export ANDROID_HOME=$HOME/Android/Sdk \
&& export PATH=${PATH}:${ANDROID_HOME}/tools \
&& export PATH=${PATH}:${ANDROID_HOME}/platform-tools \
&& export GRADLE_HOME=/usr/share/java/gradle/bin/gradle \
export PATH=$PATH:$GRADLE_HOME/bin

Linux 4.14.39-1-MANJARO #1 SMP PREEMPT Wed May 2 19:03:39 UTC 2018 x86_64 GNU/Linux

see the screenshot in my shell


This is very irritating error and i wasted my almost 9 hours to solve this.

Steps to solve:

Notice **ANDROID_HOME** while you run **ionic cordova build android** . command i. for example in my case it was pointing to some other android sdk which i uninstalled and then it started pointing to right sdk.
**In my case i uninstalled :**

brew cask uninstall android-sdk
brew cask uninstall android-platform-tool


then i ran **ionic cordova build android**

> cordova build android
ANDROID_HOME=/Users/anand/Library/Android/sdk
JAVA_HOME=/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_172.jdk/Contents/Home


Then it might say lineces not accepted then run below command :

cd /Users/Android/sdk/tools/bin/
then run ./sdkmanager --licenses
accepts all with y option


Then it might say unable to download jars then go to platform android and build.gradle

and search for buildscript and inside that reverse the order 


repositories {
        jcenter()
        maven {
            url "https://maven.google.com"
        }
    }

Thats it . Enjoy huh

Warning for developers using Virtual Machines

I spent a very long time trying to resolve this issue. I tried everything in this post and many more solutions on the web. However, after many failures and going through what everyone on the web was saying I still couldn't resolve the issue on my VM - which is a Windows 10 image on VMWare Workstation.

After reviewing all the solutions and descriptions of machines/operating systems people were developing on the glaring difference in my setup was I was developing in a VM.

Solution: I pulled all my code onto the host machine (Windows 10 OS), reinstalled all the dependencies, and sure as heck it all worked out first go around. After a lot of research I found some warnings that Android Studio has some known issues around installing properly in some VMs. So if you were like me & tried all solutions (many times over) and nothing worked, but you're in a VM, you may need to consider building on your host (or other physical machine)


For me running these three commands fix the issue on my Mac:

export ANDROID_HOME=~/Library/Android/sdk
export PATH=${PATH}:${ANDROID_HOME}/tools
export PATH=${PATH}:${ANDROID_HOME}/platform-tools

For ease of copying here's one-liner

export ANDROID_HOME=~/Library/Android/sdk && export PATH=${PATH}:${ANDROID_HOME}/tools && export PATH=${PATH}:${ANDROID_HOME}/platform-tools

To add Permanently

Follow these steps:

  1. Open the .bash_profile file in your home directory (for example, /Users/your-user-name/.bash_profile) in a text editor.
  2. Add export PATH="The above exports here" to the last line of the file, where your-dir is the directory you want to add.
  3. Save the .bash_profile file.
  4. Restart your terminal

Adding to bash process for different systems


I know this doesn't look related, especially given the error message, but I fixed this by installing a newer version of the Android SDK Build tools.


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