Why am I seeing net::ERR_CLEARTEXT_NOT_PERMITTED errors after upgrading to Cordova Android 8?

143

After upgrading to Cordova Android 8.0, I am seeing net::ERR_CLEARTEXT_NOT_PERMITTED errors when trying to connect to http:// targets.

Why is that and how can I resolve this?

This question is tagged with android cordova

~ Asked on 2019-02-18 17:44:21

The Best Answer is


239

The default API level in the Cordova Android platform has been upgraded. On an Android 9 device, clear text communication is now disabled by default.

To allow clear text communication again, set the android:usesCleartextTraffic on your application tag to true:

<platform name="android">
  <edit-config file="app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml" mode="merge" target="/manifest/application">
      <application android:usesCleartextTraffic="true" />
  </edit-config>
</platform>

As noted in the comments, if you have not defined the android XML namespace previously, you will receive an error: unbound prefix during build. This indicates that you need to add it to your widget tag in the same config.xml, like so:

<widget id="you-app-id" version="1.2.3"
xmlns="http://www.w3.org/ns/widgets" 
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:cdv="http://cordova.apache.org/ns/1.0">

~ Answered on 2019-02-18 17:44:21


48

There are two things to correct in config.xml So the right answer should be adding the xmls:android:

<widget id="com.my.awesomeapp" version="1.0.0" 
xmlns="http://www.w3.org/ns/widgets"
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
xmlns:cdv="http://cordova.apache.org/ns/1.0">

plus editing the config to allow:

<platform name="android">
  <edit-config file="app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml" mode="merge" target="/manifest/application">
      <application android:usesCleartextTraffic="true" />
  </edit-config>
</platform>

If step 1 is avoided error: unbound prefix. will appear

~ Answered on 2019-05-22 18:07:36


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