how to list all sub directories in a directory

85

I'm working on a project and I need to list all sub directories in a directory for example how could I list all the sub directories in c:\

This question is tagged with c# directory

~ Asked on 2011-09-04 01:52:34

The Best Answer is


147

Use Directory.GetDirectories to get the subdirectories of the directory specified by "your_directory_path". The result is an array of strings.

var directories = Directory.GetDirectories("your_directory_path");

By default, that only returns subdirectories one level deep. There are options to return all recursively and to filter the results, documented here, and shown in Clive's answer.


Avoiding an UnauthorizedAccessException

It's easily possible that you'll get an UnauthorizedAccessException if you hit a directory to which you don't have access.

You may have to create your own method that handles the exception, like this:

public class CustomSearcher
{ 
    public static List<string> GetDirectories(string path, string searchPattern = "*",
        SearchOption searchOption = SearchOption.AllDirectories)
    {
        if (searchOption == SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly)
            return Directory.GetDirectories(path, searchPattern).ToList();

        var directories = new List<string>(GetDirectories(path, searchPattern));

        for (var i = 0; i < directories.Count; i++)
            directories.AddRange(GetDirectories(directories[i], searchPattern));

        return directories;
    }

    private static List<string> GetDirectories(string path, string searchPattern)
    {
        try
        {
            return Directory.GetDirectories(path, searchPattern).ToList();
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException)
        {
            return new List<string>();
        }
    }
}

And then call it like this:

var directories = CustomSearcher.GetDirectories("your_directory_path");

This traverses a directory and all its subdirectories recursively. If it hits a subdirectory that it cannot access, something that would've thrown an UnauthorizedAccessException, it catches the exception and just returns an empty list for that inaccessible directory. Then it continues on to the next subdirectory.

~ Answered on 2011-09-04 01:55:37


61

Easy as this:

string[] folders = System.IO.Directory.GetDirectories(@"C:\My Sample Path\","*", System.IO.SearchOption.AllDirectories);

~ Answered on 2011-09-04 01:56:02


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