How to loop over files in directory and change path and add suffix to filename

The Solution to How to loop over files in directory and change path and add suffix to filename is


A couple of notes first: when you use Data/data1.txt as an argument, should it really be /Data/data1.txt (with a leading slash)? Also, should the outer loop scan only for .txt files, or all files in /Data? Here's an answer, assuming /Data/data1.txt and .txt files only:

#!/bin/bash
for filename in /Data/*.txt; do
    for ((i=0; i<=3; i++)); do
        ./MyProgram.exe "$filename" "Logs/$(basename "$filename" .txt)_Log$i.txt"
    done
done

Notes:

  • /Data/*.txt expands to the paths of the text files in /Data (including the /Data/ part)
  • $( ... ) runs a shell command and inserts its output at that point in the command line
  • basename somepath .txt outputs the base part of somepath, with .txt removed from the end (e.g. /Data/file.txt -> file)

If you needed to run MyProgram with Data/file.txt instead of /Data/file.txt, use "${filename#/}" to remove the leading slash. On the other hand, if it's really Data not /Data you want to scan, just use for filename in Data/*.txt.

~ Answered on 2013-12-27 07:23:33


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