# How to find length of dictionary values

37

I am pretty new to all of this so this might be a noobie question.. but I am looking to find length of dictionary values... but I do not know how this can be done.

So for example,

``````d = {'key':['hello', 'brave', 'morning', 'sunset', 'metaphysics']}
``````

I was wondering is there a way I can find the len or number of items of the dictionary value.

Thanks

This question is tagged with `python` `list` `dictionary`

36

Sure. In this case, you'd just do:

``````length_key = len(d['key'])  # length of the list stored at `'key'` ...
``````

It's hard to say why you actually want this, but, perhaps it would be useful to create another dict that maps the keys to the length of values:

``````length_dict = {key: len(value) for key, value in d.items()}
length_key = length_dict['key']  # length of the list stored at `'key'` ...
``````

10

Lets do some experimentation, to see how we could get/interpret the length of different dict/array values in a dict.

create our test dict, see list and dict comprehensions:

``````>>> my_dict = {x:[i for i in range(x)] for x in range(4)}
>>> my_dict
{0: [], 1: [0], 2: [0, 1], 3: [0, 1, 2]}
``````

Get the length of the value of a specific key:

``````>>> my_dict[3]
[0, 1, 2]
>>> len(my_dict[3])
3
``````

Get a dict of the lengths of the values of each key:

``````>>> key_to_value_lengths = {k:len(v) for k, v in my_dict.items()}
{0: 0, 1: 1, 2: 2, 3: 3}
>>> key_to_value_lengths[2]
2
``````

Get the sum of the lengths of all values in the dict:

``````>>> [len(x) for x in my_dict.values()]
[0, 1, 2, 3]
>>> sum([len(x) for x in my_dict.values()])
6
``````