[windows] IF... OR IF... in a windows batch file

Is there a way to write an IF OR IF conditional statement in a windows batch-file?

For example:

IF [%var%] == [1] OR IF [%var%] == [2] ECHO TRUE

This question is related to windows batch-file if-statement cmd conditional

The answer is


While dbenham's answer is pretty good, relying on IF DEFINED can get you in loads of trouble if the variable you're checking isn't an environment variable. Script variables don't get this special treatment.

While this might seem like some ludicrous undocumented BS, doing a simple shell query of IF with IF /? reveals that,

The DEFINED conditional works just like EXIST except it takes an environment variable name and returns true if the environment variable is defined.

In regards to answering this question, is there a reason to not just use a simple flag after a series of evaluations? That seems the most flexible OR check to me, both in regards to underlying logic and readability. For example:

Set Evaluated_True=false

IF %condition_1%==true (Set Evaluated_True=true)
IF %some_string%=="desired result" (Set Evaluated_True=true)
IF %set_numerical_variable% EQ %desired_numerical_value% (Set Evaluated_True=true)

IF %Evaluated_True%==true (echo This is where you do your passing logic) ELSE (echo This is where you do your failing logic)

Obviously, they can be any sort of conditional evaluation, but I'm just sharing a few examples.

If you wanted to have it all on one line, written-wise, you could just chain them together with && like:

Set Evaluated_True=false

IF %condition_1%==true (Set Evaluated_True=true) && IF %some_string%=="desired result" (Set Evaluated_True=true) && IF %set_numerical_variable% EQ %desired_numerical_value% (Set Evaluated_True=true)

IF %Evaluated_True%==true (echo This is where you do your passing logic) ELSE (echo This is where you do your failing logic)

If %x%==1 (
If %y%==1 (
:: both are equal to 1.
)
)

That's for checking if multiple variables equal value. Here's for either variable.

If %x%==1 (
:: true
)
If %x%==0 (
If %y%==1 (
:: true
)
)
If %x%==0 (
If %y%==0 (
:: False
)
)

I just thought of that off the top if my head. I could compact it more.


A simple "FOR" can be used in a single line to use an "or" condition:

FOR %%a in (item1 item2 ...) DO IF {condition_involving_%%a} {execute_command}  

Applied to your case:

FOR %%a in (1 2) DO IF %var%==%%a ECHO TRUE

Suppress executing twice

A comment pointed out that {execute_command} may be encountered twice. To avoid this, you can use a goto after the first encounter.

FOR %%a in (1 2) DO IF %var%==%%a (
    ECHO TRUE
    goto :continue
)
:continue 

If you think there's a possibility that {execute_command} might be executed twice and you don't want that, you can just add && goto :eof:

FOR %%a in (1 2) DO IF %var%==%%a ECHO TRUE && goto :eof

Much simpler, and still on a single line.


I don't think so. Just use two IFs and GOTO the same label:

IF cond1 GOTO foundit
IF cond2 GOTO foundit

ECHO Didn't found it
GOTO end

:foundit
ECHO Found it!

:end

The goal can be achieved by using IFs indirectly.

Below is an example of a complex expression that can be written quite concisely and logically in a CMD batch, without incoherent labels and GOTOs.

Code blocks between () brackets are handled by CMD as a (pathetic) kind of subshell. Whatever exit code comes out of a block will be used to determine the true/false value the block plays in a larger boolean expression. Arbitrarily large boolean expressions can be built with these code blocks.

Simple example

Each block is resolved to true (i.e. ERRORLEVEL = 0 after the last statement in the block has executed) / false, until the value of the whole expression has been determined or control jumps out (e.g. via GOTO):

 ((DIR c:\xsgdde /w) || (DIR c:\ /w)) && (ECHO -=BINGO=-)

Complex example

This solves the problem raised initially. Multiple statements are possible in each block but in the || || || expression it's preferable to be concise so that it's as readable as possible. ^ is an escape char in CMD batches and when placed at the end of a line it will escape the EOL and instruct CMD to continue reading the current batch of statements on the next line.

@ECHO OFF
SETLOCAL ENABLEDELAYEDEXPANSION

(
    (CALL :ProcedureType1 a b) ^
        || (CALL :ProcedureType2 sgd) ^
            || (CALL :ProcedureType1 c c)
) ^
    && (
        ECHO -=BINGO=-
        GOTO :EOF
    )
ECHO -=no bingo for you=-
GOTO :EOF

:ProcedureType1
    IF "%~1" == "%~2" (EXIT /B 0) ELSE (EXIT /B 1)
GOTO :EOF (this line is decorative as it's never reached)

:ProcedureType2
    ECHO :ax:xa:xx:aa:|FINDSTR /I /L /C:":%~1:">nul
GOTO :EOF

I realize this question is old, but I wanted to post an alternate solution in case anyone else (like myself) found this thread while having the same question. I was able to work around the lack of an OR operator by echoing the variable and using findstr to validate.

for /f %%v in ('echo %var% ^| findstr /x /c:"1" /c:"2"') do (
    if %errorlevel% equ 0 echo true
)

It's possible to use a function, which evaluates the OR logic and returns a single value.

@echo off
set var1=3
set var2=5
call :logic_or orResult "'%var1%'=='4'" "'%var2%'=='5'"
if %orResult%==1 ( 
    echo At least one expression is true
) ELSE echo All expressions are false
exit /b

:logic_or <resultVar> expression1 [[expr2] ... expr-n] 
SETLOCAL
set "logic_or.result=0"
set "logic_or.resultVar=%~1"

:logic_or_loop 
if "%~2"=="" goto :logic_or_end 
if %~2 set "logic_or.result=1"
SHIFT 
goto :logic_or_loop 

:logic_or_end 
( 
  ENDLOCAL 
  set "%logic_or.resultVar%=%logic_or.result%"
  exit /b
) 

Never got exist to work.

I use if not exist g:xyz/what goto h: Else xcopy c:current/files g:bu/current There are modifiers /a etc. Not sure which ones. Laptop in shop. And computer in office. I am not there.

Never got batch files to work above Windows XP


Thanks for this post, it helped me a lot.

Dunno if it can help but I had the issue and thanks to you I found what I think is another way to solve it based on this boolean equivalence:

"A or B" is the same as "not(not A and not B)"

Thus:

IF [%var%] == [1] OR IF [%var%] == [2] ECHO TRUE

Becomes:

IF not [%var%] == [1] IF not [%var%] == [2] ECHO FALSE

Even if this question is a little older:

If you want to use if cond1 or cond 2 - you should not use complicated loops or stuff like that.

Simple provide both ifs after each other combined with goto - that's an implicit or.

//thats an implicit IF cond1 OR cond2 OR cond3
if cond1 GOTO doit
if cond2 GOTO doit
if cond3 GOTO doit

//thats our else.
GOTO end

:doit
  echo "doing it"

:end

Without goto but an "inplace" action, you might execute the action 3 times, if ALL conditions are matching.


A much faster alternative I usually use is as follows, as I can "or" an arbitrary number of conditions that can fit in variable space

@(
  Echo off
  Set "_Match= 1 2 3 "
)

Set /a "var=3"

Echo:%_Match%|Find " %var% ">nul || (
  REM Code for a false condition goes here
) && (
  REM code for a true condition goes here.
)

There is no IF <arg> OR or ELIF or ELSE IF in Batch, however...

Try nesting the other IF's inside the ELSE of the previous IF.

IF <arg> (
    ....
) ELSE (
    IF <arg> (
        ......
    ) ELSE (
        IF <arg> (
            ....
        ) ELSE (
    )
)

Realizing this is a bit of an old question, the responses helped me come up with a solution to testing command line arguments to a batch file; so I wanted to post my solution as well in case anyone else was looking for a similar solution.

First thing that I should point out is that I was having trouble getting IF ... ELSE statements to work inside of a FOR ... DO clause. Turns out (thanks to dbenham for inadvertently pointing this out in his examples) the ELSE statement cannot be on a separate line from the closing parens.

So instead of this:

FOR ... DO (
    IF ... (
    )
    ELSE (
    )
)

Which is my preference for readability and aesthetic reasons, you have to do this:

FOR ... DO (
    IF ... (
    ) ELSE (
    )
)

Now the ELSE statement doesn't return as an unrecognized command.

Finally, here's what I was attempting to do - I wanted to be able to pass several arguments to a batch file in any order, ignoring case, and reporting/failing on undefined arguments passed in. So here's my solution...

@ECHO OFF
SET ARG1=FALSE
SET ARG2=FALSE
SET ARG3=FALSE
SET ARG4=FALSE
SET ARGS=(arg1 Arg1 ARG1 arg2 Arg2 ARG2 arg3 Arg3 ARG3)
SET ARG=

FOR %%A IN (%*) DO (
    SET TRUE=
    FOR %%B in %ARGS% DO (
        IF [%%A] == [%%B] SET TRUE=1
        )
    IF DEFINED TRUE (
        SET %%A=TRUE
        ) ELSE (
        SET ARG=%%A
        GOTO UNDEFINED
        )
    )

ECHO %ARG1%
ECHO %ARG2%
ECHO %ARG3%
ECHO %ARG4%
GOTO END

:UNDEFINED
ECHO "%ARG%" is not an acceptable argument.
GOTO END

:END

Note, this will only report on the first failed argument. So if the user passes in more than one unacceptable argument, they will only be told about the first until it's corrected, then the second, etc.


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