Why is json_encode adding backslashes?

55

I've been using json_encode for a long time, and I've not had any problems so far. Now I'm working with a upload script and I try to return some JSON data after file upload.

I have the following code:

print_r($result); // <-- This is an associative array
echo json_encode($result); // <-- this returns valid JSON

This gives me the following results:

// print_r result
Array
(
    [logo_url] => http://mysite.com/uploads/gallery/7f/3b/f65ab8165d_logo.jpeg
    [img_id] => 54
    [feedback] => Array
        (
            [message] => File uploaded
            [success] => 1
        )

)

// Echo result
{"logo_url":"http:\/\/mysite.com\/uploads\/gallery\/7f\/3b\/f65ab8165d_logo.jpeg","img_id":"54","feedback":{"message":"File uploaded","success":true}}

Can anyone tell me why json_encode adds slashes?

update

@Quentin said that something is happening between json_encode and .parseJSON and he's right.

Doing a alert(data.toSource()); gives me the dollowing result:

({response:"{\"logo_url\":\"http:\\/\\/storelocator.com\\/wp-content\\/uploads\\/gallery\\/7f\\/3b\\/71b9520cfc91a90afbdbbfc9d2b2239b_logo.jpeg\",\"img_id\":\"62\",\"feedback\":{\"message\":\"File uploaded\",\"success\":true}}", status:200})

And this is not valid JSON. It also adds the status:200 and I have no idea where this comes from.

Could it be that the Plupload bind does something to my returned data?

This is my js script:

  uploader.bind('FileUploaded', function(up, file, data) {
    alert(data.toSource());
    $('#' + file.id + " b").html("100%");
  });

This question is tagged with php json

~ Asked on 2012-04-25 11:31:47

The Best Answer is


37

Can anyone tell me why json_encode adds slashes?

Forward slash characters can cause issues (when preceded by a < it triggers the SGML rules for "end of script element") when embedded in an HTML script element. They are escaped as a precaution.

Because when I try do use jQuery.parseJSON(response); in my js script, it returns null. So my guess it has something to do with the slashes.

It doesn't. In JSON "/" and "\/" are equivalent.

The JSON you list in the question is valid (you can test it with jsonlint). Your problem is likely to do with what happens to it between json_encode and parseJSON.

~ Answered on 2012-04-25 11:34:41


82

Just use the "JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES" Option (added after version 5.4).

json_encode($array,JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES);

~ Answered on 2016-07-06 17:01:30


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