[json] HTTP POST with Json on Body - Flutter/Dart

This is my code to make a request to an API:

import 'dart:async';
import 'dart:convert';
import 'dart:io';
import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;

Future<http.Response> postRequest () async {
  var url ='https://pae.ipportalegre.pt/testes2/wsjson/api/app/ws-authenticate';
  var body = jsonEncode({ 'data': { 'apikey': '12345678901234567890' } });

  print("Body: " + body);

  http.post(url,
      headers: {"Content-Type": "application/json"},
      body: body
  ).then((http.Response response) {
    print("Response status: ${response.statusCode}");
    print("Response body: ${response.contentLength}");
    print(response.headers);
    print(response.request);

  });
  }

I have a problem with the response from the request, where its suppose to have a body with json, but something went wrong and i think is with the json that i send on the body request, because it is a nested json object, and the value of the key is a json object. i would love to know how i can parse the json right and insert into body of the request.

this is the header response:

 {set-cookie: JSESSIONID=DA65FBCBA2796D173F8C8D78AD87F9AD;path=/testes2/;HttpOnly, last-modified: Thu, 10 May 2018 17:15:13 GMT, cache-control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, max-age=0, post-check=0, pre-check=0, date: Thu, 10 May 2018 17:15:13 GMT, content-length: 0, pragma: no-cache, content-type: text/html, server: Apache-Coyote/1.1, expires: Tue, 03 Jul 2001 06:00:00 GMT}

and this is how is suppose to be:

Server: Apache-Coyote/1.1
Expires: Tue, 03 Jul 2001 06:00:00 GMT
Last-Modified: Thu, 10 May 2018 17:17:07 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, max-age=0, post-check=0, pre-check=0
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Vary: Accept-Encoding
Set-Cookie: JSESSIONID=84813CC68E0E8EA6021CB0B4C2F245BC;path=/testes2/;HttpOnly
Keep-Alive: timeout=5, max=100
Connection: Keep-Alive
Transfer-Encoding: chunked

the body response came empty and i think its because the body i sent on the request, can anyone help me with the nested json object in value??

SCREENSHOT OF POSTMAN:

This question is related to json post dart flutter

The answer is


This works!

import 'dart:async';
import 'dart:convert';
import 'dart:io';
import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;

Future<http.Response> postRequest () async {
  var url ='https://pae.ipportalegre.pt/testes2/wsjson/api/app/ws-authenticate';

  Map data = {
    'apikey': '12345678901234567890'
  }
  //encode Map to JSON
  var body = json.encode(data);

  var response = await http.post(url,
      headers: {"Content-Type": "application/json"},
      body: body
  );
  print("${response.statusCode}");
  print("${response.body}");
  return response;
}

This would also work :

import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;

  sendRequest() async {

    Map data = {
       'apikey': '12345678901234567890'
    };

    var url = 'https://pae.ipportalegre.pt/testes2/wsjson/api/app/ws-authenticate';
    http.post(url, body: data)
        .then((response) {
      print("Response status: ${response.statusCode}");
      print("Response body: ${response.body}");
    });  
  }

In my case I forgot to enable

app.use(express.json());

in my NodeJs server.


this works for me

String body = json.encode(data);

http.Response response = await http.post(
  url: 'https://example.com',
  headers: {"Content-Type": "application/json"},
  body: body,
);

This one is for using HTTPClient class

 request.headers.add("body", json.encode(map));

I attached the encoded json body data to the header and added to it. It works for me.


I think many people have problems with Post 'Content-type': 'application / json' The problem here is parse data Map <String, dynamic> to json:

Hope the code below can help someone

Model:

class ConversationReq {
  String name = '';
  String description = '';
  String privacy = '';
  String type = '';
  String status = '';

  String role;
  List<String> members;
  String conversationType = '';

  ConversationReq({this.type, this.name, this.status, this.description, this.privacy, this.conversationType, this.role, this.members});

  Map<String, dynamic> toJson() {

    final Map<String, dynamic> data = new Map<String, dynamic>();

    data['name'] = this.name;
    data['description'] = this.description;
    data['privacy'] = this.privacy;
    data['type'] = this.type;

    data['conversations'] = [
      {
        "members": members,
        "conversationType": conversationType,
      }
    ];

    return data;
  }
}

Request:

createNewConversation(ConversationReq param) async {
    HeaderRequestAuth headerAuth = await getAuthHeader();
    var headerRequest = headerAuth.toJson();
/*
{
            'Content-type': 'application/json',
            'x-credential-session-token': xSectionToken,
            'x-user-org-uuid': xOrg,
          }
*/

    var bodyValue = param.toJson();

    var bodydata = json.encode(bodyValue);// important
    print(bodydata);

    final response = await http.post(env.BASE_API_URL + "xxx", headers: headerRequest, body: bodydata);

    print(json.decode(response.body));
    if (response.statusCode == 200) {
      // TODO
    } else {
      // If that response was not OK, throw an error.
      throw Exception('Failed to load ConversationRepo');
    }
  }

I implement like this:

static createUserWithEmail(String username, String email, String password) async{
    var url = 'http://www.yourbackend.com/'+ "users";
    var body = {
        'user' : {
          'username': username,
          'address': email,
          'password': password
       }
    };

    return http.post(
      url, 
      body: json.encode(body),
      headers: {
        "Content-Type": "application/json"
      },
      encoding: Encoding.getByName("utf-8")
    );
  }

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