IF EXISTS condition not working with PLSQL

The Solution to IF EXISTS condition not working with PLSQL is


IF EXISTS() is semantically incorrect. EXISTS condition can be used only inside a SQL statement. So you might rewrite your pl/sql block as follows:

declare
  l_exst number(1);
begin
  select case 
           when exists(select ce.s_regno 
                         from courseoffering co
                         join co_enrolment ce
                           on ce.co_id = co.co_id
                        where ce.s_regno=403 
                          and ce.coe_completionstatus = 'C' 
                          and ce.c_id = 803
                          and rownum = 1
                        )
           then 1
           else 0
         end  into l_exst
  from dual;

  if l_exst = 1 
  then
    DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('YES YOU CAN');
  else
    DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('YOU CANNOT'); 
  end if;
end;

Or you can simply use count function do determine the number of rows returned by the query, and rownum=1 predicate - you only need to know if a record exists:

declare
  l_exst number;
begin
   select count(*) 
     into l_exst
     from courseoffering co
          join co_enrolment ce
            on ce.co_id = co.co_id
    where ce.s_regno=403 
      and ce.coe_completionstatus = 'C' 
      and ce.c_id = 803
      and rownum = 1;

  if l_exst = 0
  then
    DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('YOU CANNOT');
  else
    DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('YES YOU CAN');
  end if;
end;

~ Answered on 2012-11-04 10:55:22


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