[c#] Accessing all items in the JToken

I have a json block like this:

{
    "ADDRESS_MAP":{

        "ADDRESS_LOCATION":{
            "type":"separator",
            "name":"Address",
            "value":"",
            "FieldID":40
        },
        "LOCATION":{
            "type":"locations",
            "name":"Location",
            "keyword":{
                "1":"LOCATION1"
            },
            "value":{
                "1":"United States"
            },
            "FieldID":41
        },
        "FLOOR_NUMBER":{
            "type":"number",
            "name":"Floor Number",
            "value":"0",
            "FieldID":55
        },
        "self":{
            "id":"2",
            "name":"Address Map"
        }
    }
}

How can I get all the key items that this token includes. For example from the above code I want to have "ADRESS_LOCATION" , "LOCATION", "FLOOR_NUMBER" and "self".

This question is related to c# json json.net

The answer is


If you know the structure of the json that you're receiving then I'd suggest having a class structure that mirrors what you're receiving in json.

Then you can call its something like this...

AddressMap addressMap = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<AddressMap>(json);

(Where json is a string containing the json in question)

If you don't know the format of the json you've receiving then it gets a bit more complicated and you'd probably need to manually parse it.

check out http://www.hanselman.com/blog/NuGetPackageOfTheWeek4DeserializingJSONWithJsonNET.aspx for more info


In addition to the accepted answer I would like to give an answer that shows how to iterate directly over the Newtonsoft collections. It uses less code and I'm guessing its more efficient as it doesn't involve converting the collections.

using Newtonsoft.Json;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;
//Parse the data
JObject my_obj = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<JObject>(your_json);

foreach (KeyValuePair<string, JToken> sub_obj in (JObject)my_obj["ADDRESS_MAP"])
{
    Console.WriteLine(sub_obj.Key);
}

I started doing this myself because JsonConvert automatically deserializes nested objects as JToken (which are JObject, JValue, or JArray underneath I think).

I think the parsing works according to the following principles:

  • Every object is abstracted as a JToken

  • Cast to JObject where you expect a Dictionary

  • Cast to JValue if the JToken represents a terminal node and is a value

  • Cast to JArray if its an array

  • JValue.Value gives you the .NET type you need


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