UIScrollView Scrollable Content Size Ambiguity

546

Fellow devs, I am having trouble with AutoLayout in Interface Builder (Xcode 5 / iOS 7). It's very basic and important so I think everyone should know how this properly works. If this is a bug in Xcode, it is a critical one!

So, whenever I have a view hierarchy such as this I run into trouble:

>UIViewController
>> UIView
>>>UIScrollView
>>>>UILabel (or any other comparable UIKit Element)

The UIScrollView has solid constraints, e.g., 50 px from every side (no problem). Then I add a Top Space constraint to the UILabel (no problem) (and I can even pin height / width of the label, changes nothing, but should be unneccessary due to the Label's intrinsic size)

The trouble starts when I add a trailing constraint to the UILabel:

E.g., Trailing Space to: Superview Equals: 25

Now two warnings occur - and I don't understand why:

A) Scrollable Content Size Ambiguity (Scroll View has ambiguous scrollable content height/width)

B) Misplaced Views (Label Expected: x= -67 Actual: x= 207

I did this minimal example in a freshly new project which you can download and I attached a screenshot. As you can see, Interface Builder expects the Label to sit outside of the UIScrollView's boundary (the orange dashed rectangle). Updating the Label's frame with the Resolve Issues Tool moves it right there.

Please note: If you replace the UIScrollView with a UIView, the behaviour is as expected (the Label's frame is correct and according to the constraint). So there seems to either be an issue with UIScrollView or I am missing out on something important.

When I run the App without updating the Label's frame as suggested by IB it is positioned just fine, exactly where it's supposed to be and the UIScrollView is scrollable. If I DO update the frame the Label is out of sight and the UIScrollView does not scroll.

Help me Obi-Wan Kenobi! Why the ambiguous layout? Why the misplaced view?

You can download the sample project here and try if you can figure out what's going on: https://github.com/Wirsing84/AutoLayoutProblem

Illustration of the problem in Interface Builder

This question is tagged with ios swift uiscrollview autolayout interface-builder

~ Asked on 2013-09-26 18:45:38

The Best Answer is


1137

So I just sorted out in this way:

  1. Inside the UIScrollView add a UIView (we can call that contentView);

  2. In this contentView, set top, bottom, left and right margins to 0 (of course from the scrollView which is the superView); Set also align center horizontally and vertically;

Finished.

Now you can add all your views in that contentView, and the contentSize of the scrollView will be automatically resized according with the contentView.

Update:

Some special case is covered by this video posted by @Sergio in the comments below.

~ Answered on 2014-12-01 11:14:54


160

Xcode 11+

The simplest way using autolayout:

  1. Add UIScrollView and pin it 0,0,0,0 to superview (or your desired size)
  2. Add UIView in ScrollView, pin it 0,0,0,0 to all 4 sides and center it horizontally and vertically.
  3. In size inspector, change bottom and align center Y priority to 250. (for horizontal scroll change trailing and align center X)
  4. Add all views that you need into this view. Don't forget to set the bottom constraint on the lowest view.
  5. Select the UIScrollView, select the size inspector and deselect Content Layout Guides.

~ Answered on 2017-05-04 14:04:09


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