Cmake is not able to find Python-libraries


Getting this error:

sudo: unable to resolve host [email protected]
-- Could NOT find PythonLibs (missing:  PYTHON_LIBRARIES PYTHON_INCLUDE_DIRS) 
CMake Error at /usr/share/cmake-2.8/Modules/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:108     
Could NOT find PythonInterp (missing: PYTHON_EXECUTABLE)
Call Stack (most recent call first):
Code/cmake/Modules/FindNumPy.cmake:10 (find_package)
CMakeLists.txt:114 (find_package)

-- Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!
See also "/home/coderwall/Desktop/rdkit/build/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log".
See also "/home/coderwall/Desktop/rdkit/build/CMakeFiles/CMakeError.log".

I have already installed:

  1. sudo apt-get install python-dev
  2. Environment variable are already set as follow:


Location of python.h : /usr/lib/include/python2.7/python.h

Location of python libs: /usr/lib/python2.7/ How to solve this?

This question is tagged with python python-2.7 cmake

~ Asked on 2014-06-11 23:48:33

The Best Answer is


You can fix the errors by appending to the cmake command the -DPYTHON_LIBRARY and -DPYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR flags filled with the respective folders.

Thus, the trick is to fill those parameters with the returned information from the python interpreter, which is the most reliable. This may work independently of your python location/version (also for Anaconda users):

$ cmake .. \
-DPYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR=$(python -c "from distutils.sysconfig import get_python_inc; print(get_python_inc())")  \
-DPYTHON_LIBRARY=$(python -c "import distutils.sysconfig as sysconfig; print(sysconfig.get_config_var('LIBDIR'))")

If the version of python that you want to link against cmake is Python3.X and the default python symlink points to Python2.X, python3 -c ... can be used instead of python -c ....

In case that the error persists, you may need to update the cmake to a higher version as stated by @pdpcosta and repeat the process again.

~ Answered on 2016-06-30 11:36:24


I hit the same issue,and discovered the error message gives misleading variable names. Try setting the following (singular instead of plural):


The (plural) variables you see error messages about are values that the PythonLibs sets up when it is initialised correctly.

~ Answered on 2015-04-15 17:50:31

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