[php] Artisan migrate could not find driver

I am trying to install Laravel. I have installed Xampp, but when I try to setup my database using php artisan migrateI get the error:

[Illuminate\Database\QueryException] could not find driver (SQL: select * from information_schema.tables where table_schema = homestead and table_name = migrations) [PDOException] could not find driver

config/database.php file has the relevant connections:

'connections' => [

    'sqlite' => [
        'driver' => 'sqlite',
        'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', database_path('database.sqlite')),
        'prefix' => '',

    'mysql' => [
        'driver' => 'mysql',
        'host' => env('DB_HOST', ''),
        'port' => env('DB_PORT', '3306'),
        'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'forge'),
        'username' => env('DB_USERNAME', 'forge'),
        'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD', ''),
        'unix_socket' => env('DB_SOCKET', ''),
        'charset' => 'utf8mb4',
        'collation' => 'utf8mb4_unicode_ci',
        'prefix' => '',
        'strict' => true,
        'engine' => null,

    'pgsql' => [
        'driver' => 'pgsql',
        'host' => env('DB_HOST', ''),
        'port' => env('DB_PORT', '5432'),
        'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'forge'),
        'username' => env('DB_USERNAME', 'forge'),
        'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD', ''),
        'charset' => 'utf8',
        'prefix' => '',
        'schema' => 'public',
        'sslmode' => 'prefer',

    'sqlsrv' => [
        'driver' => 'sqlsrv',
        'host' => env('DB_HOST', 'localhost'),
        'port' => env('DB_PORT', '1433'),
        'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'forge'),
        'username' => env('DB_USERNAME', 'forge'),
        'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD', ''),
        'charset' => 'utf8',
        'prefix' => '',


Any ideas?

This question is related to php laravel

The answer is

In Windows and PHP 7.4.5 go to php.ini and uncomment this line


I am a Windows and XAMPP user. What works for me is adding extension=php_pdo_mysql.dll in both php.ini of XAMPP and php.ini in C:\php\php.ini.

Run this command in your cmd to know where your config file is

php -i | find /i "Configuration File

For anyone trying to enable the extension inside a Docker image:

RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo pdo_mysql \
    && docker-php-ext-enable pdo_mysql

Based on this answer.

Also props to @Krishna for shedding some light on the extension issue.

In your php.ini configuration file simply uncomment the extension:


(You can find your php.ini file in the php folder where your server is installed.)

make this to


now you need to configure your .env file in find DB_DATABASE= write in that database name which you used than migrate like if i used my database and database name is "abc" than i need to write there DB_DATABASE=abc and save that .env file and run command again

php artisan migrate

so after run than you got some msg like as:

php artisan migrate
Migration table created successfully.

Make sure that you've installed php-mysql, the pdo needs php-mysql to operate properly. If not you could simply type

sudo apt install php-mysql

in ubuntu or windows

  • Remove the ; from ;extension=pdo_mysql or extension=php_pdo_mysql.dll and add extension=pdo_mysql.so

    restart xampp or wampp

  • install sudo apt-get install php-mysql


php artisan migrate

If you are matching with sqlite database:
In your php folder open php.ini file, go to:


Just remove the semicolon and it will work.

Go to .env file and change the following

Change the DB_PASSWORD field to


In my case it works

NOTE: If your password in mysql is null

I know this is a little late, nevertheless i'm answering this for anyone still experiencing this issue on windows (USING XAMPP).

Step 1. Verify that there is a mismatch in your PHP version. To do this, open routes/web.php and create a simple route to return the php information like so:

Route::get('/', function() {
   return response()->json([
    'stuff' => phpinfo()


and compare this with output from your command line

enter image description here

As we can see, in my case there is a mismatch, this usually happens if you have multiple versions of php installed.

Step 2. Add the php version being used by your xampp to your system path enter image description here

Step 3. Verify that you have the extension enabled in your php.ini file. NB. Make sure you are editing the php.ini file that is shown under the 'loaded configuration file' entry in the results of phpinfo() command. enter image description here

if you've installed php and mysql in your linux machine, php needs php-mysql extention to communicate with mysql. so make sure you've also installed this extention using:

sudo yum install php-mysql in redhat based machines.


sudo apt-get install php-mysql in debian machines.

whilst sometimes you might have multiple php versions, you might also have a held-back version of php-mysql.. do a sudo dpkg -l | grep mysql | grep php and compare what you get from php -v

If you are on linux systems please try running sudo php artisan migrate As for me,sometimes database operations need to run with sudo in laravel.

We have solved the same error by following the below steps.

linux command for this type of error occurred then, first of all, check your php.ini file

If your php.ini file exists then in configuration file simply uncomment the extension:


Else follow below steps

step1:php -v

step2: Install php mysql extension

php 7.0 sudo apt-get install php7.0-mysql

php 7.1 sudo apt-get install php7.1-mysql

php 7.2 sudo apt-get install php7.2-mysql

php 7.3 sudo apt-get install php7.3-mysql

step3: service apache2 restart

step4: php artisan migrate