There are many tutorials and stuff showing how to extract multiple screenshots from a video using ffmpeg. You set -r and you can even start a certain amount in.
But I just want 1 screenshot at, say 01:23:45 in. Or 1 screenshot at 86% in.
This is all possible with ffmpegthumbnailer but it's another dependency I don't want to depend on. I want to be able to do it with ffmpeg.
ffmpeg -ss 01:23:45 -i input -vframes 1 -q:v 2 output.jpg
For JPEG output use
-q:v to control output quality. Full range is a linear scale of 1-31 where a lower value results in a higher quality. 2-5 is a good range to try.
The select filter provides an alternative method for more complex needs such as selecting only certain frame types, or 1 per 100, etc.
When used as an input option (before
-i), seeks in this input file to position. Note the in most formats it is not possible to seek exactly, so
ffmpegwill seek to the closest seek point before position. When transcoding and
-accurate_seekis enabled (the default), this extra segment between the seek point and position will be decoded and discarded. When doing stream copy or when
-noaccurate_seekis used, it will be preserved.
When used as an output option (before an output filename), decodes but discards input until the timestamps reach position.
position may be either in seconds or in
FFMpeg can do this by seeking to the given timestamp and extracting exactly one frame as an image, see for instance:
ffmpeg -i input_file.mp4 -ss 01:23:45 -vframes 1 output.jpg
Let's explain the options:
-i input file the path to the input file -ss 01:23:45 seek the position to the specified timestamp -vframes 1 only handle one video frame output.jpg output filename, should have a well-known extension
-ss parameter accepts a value in the form
HH:MM:SS[.xxx] or as a number in seconds. If you need a percentage, you need to compute the video duration beforehand.