How to find if directory exists in Python

1228

In the os module in Python, is there a way to find if a directory exists, something like:

>>> os.direxists(os.path.join(os.getcwd()), 'new_folder')) # in pseudocode
True/False

This question is tagged with python directory

~ Asked on 2012-01-19 21:03:20

The Best Answer is


1845

You're looking for os.path.isdir, or os.path.exists if you don't care whether it's a file or a directory:

>>> import os
>>> os.path.isdir('new_folder')
True
>>> os.path.exists(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'new_folder', 'file.txt'))
False

Alternatively, you can use pathlib:

 >>> from pathlib import Path
 >>> Path('new_folder').is_dir()
 True
 >>> (Path.cwd() / 'new_folder' / 'file.txt').exists()
 False

~ Answered on 2012-01-19 21:07:25


87

Python 3.4 introduced the pathlib module into the standard library, which provides an object oriented approach to handle filesystem paths. The is_dir() and exists() methods of a Path object can be used to answer the question:

In [1]: from pathlib import Path

In [2]: p = Path('/usr')

In [3]: p.exists()
Out[3]: True

In [4]: p.is_dir()
Out[4]: True

Paths (and strings) can be joined together with the / operator:

In [5]: q = p / 'bin' / 'vim'

In [6]: q
Out[6]: PosixPath('/usr/bin/vim') 

In [7]: q.exists()
Out[7]: True

In [8]: q.is_dir()
Out[8]: False

Pathlib is also available on Python 2.7 via the pathlib2 module on PyPi.

~ Answered on 2017-05-28 14:12:20


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