[java] How do you specify the Java compiler version in a pom.xml file?

I wrote some Maven code in Netbeans that has approximately more than 2000 lines. When I compile it on Netbeans, everything is fine, but if I want to run it on command line, I will get these errors:

generics are not supported in -source 1.3
(use -source 5 or higher to enable generics)
        ArrayList<ArrayList<Integer>> list = new ArrayList<ArrayList<Integer>>();

generics are not supported in -source 1.3
(use -source 5 or higher to enable generics)
        HashSet<Double> resid_List = new HashSet<Double>(Arrays.asList(resid_val));

generics are not supported in -source 1.3
(use -source 5 or higher to enable generics)
        List<Integer> ind_ovlpList = new ArrayList<Integer>(Arrays.asList(ind_ovlp));

generics are not supported in -source 1.3
(use -source 5 or higher to enable generics)
public class ColumnComparator implements Comparator<double[]> {

annotations are not supported in -source 1.3
(use -source 5 or higher to enable annotations)
@Override

I tried to use Java 1.3.1, compiler errors, but I got more errors. I found from other posts that I should modify pom.xml, but I do not know how. Here is my pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

  <groupId>com.mycompany</groupId>
  <artifactId>mavenmain</artifactId>
   <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <packaging>jar</packaging>

   <name>mavenmain</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

   <properties>
     <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    </properties>

   <dependencies>
     <dependency>
       <groupId>junit</groupId>
        <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
       <version>3.8.1</version>
       <scope>test</scope>
     </dependency>
     <dependency>
        <groupId>gov.nist.math</groupId>
        <artifactId>jama</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.2</version>
     </dependency>
   </dependencies>
 </project>

It would be great if you can help me!

This question is related to java maven pom.xml

The answer is


<plugin>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
            <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>3.3</version>
            <configuration>
                <fork>true</fork>
                <source>1.8</source>
                <target>1.8</target>
            </configuration>
        </plugin> 

Generally you don't want to value only the source version (javac -source 1.8 for example) but you want to value both the source and the target version (javac -source 1.8 -target 1.8 for example).
Note that from Java 9, you have a way to convey both information and in a more robust way for cross-compilation compatibility (javac -release 9).
Maven that wraps the javac command provides multiple ways to convey all these JVM standard options.

How to specify the JDK version?

Using maven-compiler-plugin or maven.compiler.source/maven.compiler.target properties to specify the source and the target are equivalent.

<plugins>
    <plugin>    
        <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
        <configuration>
            <source>1.8</source>
            <target>1.8</target>
        </configuration>
    </plugin>
</plugins>

and

<properties>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
</properties>

are equivalent according to the Maven documentation of the compiler plugin since the <source> and the <target> elements in the compiler configuration use the properties maven.compiler.source and maven.compiler.target if they are defined.

source

The -source argument for the Java compiler.
Default value is: 1.6.
User property is: maven.compiler.source.

target

The -target argument for the Java compiler.
Default value is: 1.6.
User property is: maven.compiler.target.

About the default values for source and target, note that since the 3.8.0 of the maven compiler, the default values have changed from 1.5 to 1.6.

<release> tag — new way to specify Java version in maven-compiler-plugin 3.6

You can use the release argument :

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>3.8.0</version>
    <configuration>
        <release>9</release>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

You could also declare just the user property maven.compiler.release:

<properties>
    <maven.compiler.release>9</maven.compiler.release>
</properties>

But at this time the last one will not be enough as the maven-compiler-plugin default version you use doesn't rely on a recent enough version.

The Maven release argument conveys release to the Java compiler to access the JVM standard option newly added to Java 9, JEP 247: Compile for Older Platform Versions.

Compiles against the public, supported and documented API for a specific VM version.

This way provides a standard way to specify the same version for the source, the target and the bootstrap JVM options.
Note that specifying the bootstrap is a good practice for cross compilations and it will not hurt if you don't make cross compilations either.

Which is the best way to specify the JDK version?

Java 8 and below

Neither maven.compiler.source/maven.compiler.target properties or using the maven-compiler-plugin is better. It changes nothing in the facts since finally the two ways rely on the same properties and the same mechanism : the maven core compiler plugin.

Well, if you don't need to specify other properties or behavior than Java versions in the compiler plugin, using this way makes more sense as this is more concise:

<properties>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
</properties>

Java 9 and later

The release argument (third point) is a way to strongly consider if you want to use the same version for the source and the target.


I faced same issue in eclipse neon simple maven java project

But I add below details inside pom.xml file

   <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.6.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

After right click on project > maven > update project (checked force update)

Its resolve me to display error on project

Hope it's will helpful

Thansk


maven-compiler-plugin it's already present in plugins hierarchy dependency in pom.xml. Check in Effective POM.

For short you can use properties like this:

<properties>
   <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
   <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
</properties>

I'm using Maven 3.2.5.


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