How to add a new row to an empty numpy array

The Solution to How to add a new row to an empty numpy array is

The way to "start" the array that you want is:

arr = np.empty((0,3), int)

Which is an empty array but it has the proper dimensionality.

>>> arr
array([], shape=(0, 3), dtype=int64)

Then be sure to append along axis 0:

arr = np.append(arr, np.array([[1,2,3]]), axis=0)
arr = np.append(arr, np.array([[4,5,6]]), axis=0)

But, @jonrsharpe is right. In fact, if you're going to be appending in a loop, it would be much faster to append to a list as in your first example, then convert to a numpy array at the end, since you're really not using numpy as intended during the loop:

In [210]: %%timeit
   .....: l = []
   .....: for i in xrange(1000):
   .....:     l.append([3*i+1,3*i+2,3*i+3])
   .....: l = np.asarray(l)
1000 loops, best of 3: 1.18 ms per loop

In [211]: %%timeit
   .....: a = np.empty((0,3), int)
   .....: for i in xrange(1000):
   .....:     a = np.append(a, 3*i+np.array([[1,2,3]]), 0)
100 loops, best of 3: 18.5 ms per loop

In [214]: np.allclose(a, l)
Out[214]: True

The numpythonic way to do it depends on your application, but it would be more like:

In [220]: timeit n = np.arange(1,3001).reshape(1000,3)
100000 loops, best of 3: 5.93 µs per loop

In [221]: np.allclose(a, n)
Out[221]: True

~ Answered on 2014-03-14 01:03:18

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