[ios] How to use hex color values

I am trying to use hex color values in Swift, instead of the few standard ones that UIColor allows you to use, but I have no idea how to do it.

Example: how would I use #ffffff as a color?

This question is related to ios swift uicolor

The answer is


extension UIColor {

    convenience init(r: CGFloat, g: CGFloat, b: CGFloat, a: CGFloat = 1) {
        self.init(red: r/255, green: g/255, blue: b/255, alpha: a)
    }

    convenience init(hex: Int, alpha: CGFloat = 1) {
        self.init(r: CGFloat((hex >> 16) & 0xff), g: CGFloat((hex >> 08) & 0xff), b: CGFloat((hex >> 00) & 0xff), a: alpha)
    }
}

For swift 3

extension String {
    var hexColor: UIColor {        
        let hex = trimmingCharacters(in: CharacterSet.alphanumerics.inverted)
        var int = UInt32()       
        Scanner(string: hex).scanHexInt32(&int)
        let a, r, g, b: UInt32
        switch hex.characters.count {
        case 3: // RGB (12-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, (int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
        case 6: // RGB (24-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        case 8: // ARGB (32-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (int >> 24, int >> 16 & 0xFF, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        default:
            return .clear
        }
        return UIColor(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(a) / 255)
    }
}

Swift 5 (Swift 4, Swift 3) UIColor extension:

extension UIColor {
    convenience init(hexString: String) {
        let hex = hexString.trimmingCharacters(in: CharacterSet.alphanumerics.inverted)
        var int = UInt64()
        Scanner(string: hex).scanHexInt64(&int)
        let a, r, g, b: UInt64
        switch hex.count {
        case 3: // RGB (12-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, (int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
        case 6: // RGB (24-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        case 8: // ARGB (32-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (int >> 24, int >> 16 & 0xFF, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        default:
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, 0, 0, 0)
        }
        self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(a) / 255)
    }
}

Usage:

let darkGrey = UIColor(hexString: "#757575")

Swift 2.x version:

extension UIColor {
    convenience init(hexString: String) {
        let hex = hexString.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.alphanumericCharacterSet().invertedSet)
        var int = UInt32()
        NSScanner(string: hex).scanHexInt(&int)
        let a, r, g, b: UInt32
        switch hex.characters.count {
        case 3: // RGB (12-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, (int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
        case 6: // RGB (24-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        case 8: // ARGB (32-bit)
            (a, r, g, b) = (int >> 24, int >> 16 & 0xFF, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        default:
            (a, r, g, b) = (255, 0, 0, 0)
        }
        self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(a) / 255)
    }
}

extension UIColor {

      convenience init(hex: Int, alpha: Double = 1.0) {

      self.init(red: CGFloat((hex>>16)&0xFF)/255.0, green:CGFloat((hex>>8)&0xFF)/255.0, blue: CGFloat((hex)&0xFF)/255.0, alpha:  CGFloat(255 * alpha) / 255)
     }
}

Use this extension like:

let selectedColor = UIColor(hex: 0xFFFFFF)
let selectedColor = UIColor(hex: 0xFFFFFF, alpha: 0.5)

You can use this extension on UIColor which converts Your String (Hexadecimal , RGBA) to UIColor and vice versa.

extension UIColor {

  //Convert RGBA String to UIColor object
  //"rgbaString" must be separated by space "0.5 0.6 0.7 1.0" 50% of Red 60% of Green 70% of Blue Alpha 100%
  public convenience init?(rgbaString : String){
      self.init(ciColor: CIColor(string: rgbaString))
  }

  //Convert UIColor to RGBA String
  func toRGBAString()-> String {
    var r: CGFloat = 0
    var g: CGFloat = 0
    var b: CGFloat = 0
    var a: CGFloat = 0
    self.getRed(&r, green: &g, blue: &b, alpha: &a)
    return "\(r) \(g) \(b) \(a)"
  }

  //return UIColor from Hexadecimal Color string
  public convenience init?(hexString: String) {  
    let r, g, b, a: CGFloat

    if hexString.hasPrefix("#") {
      let start = hexString.index(hexString.startIndex, offsetBy: 1)
      let hexColor = hexString.substring(from: start)

      if hexColor.characters.count == 8 {
        let scanner = Scanner(string: hexColor)
        var hexNumber: UInt64 = 0

        if scanner.scanHexInt64(&hexNumber) {
          r = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0xff000000) >> 24) / 255
          g = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x00ff0000) >> 16) / 255
          b = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x0000ff00) >> 8) / 255
          a = CGFloat(hexNumber & 0x000000ff) / 255
          self.init(red: r, green: g, blue: b, alpha: a)
          return
        }
      }
    }

    return nil
  }

  // Convert UIColor to Hexadecimal String
  func toHexString() -> String {
    var r: CGFloat = 0
    var g: CGFloat = 0
    var b: CGFloat = 0
    var a: CGFloat = 0
    self.getRed(&r, green: &g, blue: &b, alpha: &a)
    return String(
        format: "%02X%02X%02X",
        Int(r * 0xff),
        Int(g * 0xff),
        Int(b * 0xff))
  }
}

Swift 2.0

The code below is tested on xcode 7.2

import UIKit
extension UIColor{

    public convenience init?(colorCodeInHex: String, alpha: Float = 1.0){

        var filterColorCode:String =  colorCodeInHex.stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString("#", withString: "")

        if  filterColorCode.characters.count != 6 {
            self.init(red: 0.0, green: 0.0, blue: 0.0, alpha: CGFloat(alpha))
            return
        }

        filterColorCode = filterColorCode.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.whitespaceAndNewlineCharacterSet()).uppercaseString

        var range = Range(start: filterColorCode.startIndex.advancedBy(0), end: filterColorCode.startIndex.advancedBy(2))
        let rString = filterColorCode.substringWithRange(range)

        range = Range(start: filterColorCode.startIndex.advancedBy(2), end: filterColorCode.startIndex.advancedBy(4))
        let gString = filterColorCode.substringWithRange(range)


        range = Range(start: filterColorCode.startIndex.advancedBy(4), end: filterColorCode.startIndex.advancedBy(6))
        let bString = filterColorCode.substringWithRange(range)

        var r:CUnsignedInt = 0, g:CUnsignedInt = 0, b:CUnsignedInt = 0;
        NSScanner(string: rString).scanHexInt(&r)
        NSScanner(string: gString).scanHexInt(&g)
        NSScanner(string: bString).scanHexInt(&b)


        self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255.0, green: CGFloat(g) / 255.0, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255.0, alpha: CGFloat(alpha))
        return
    }
}

This is a function that takes a hex string and returns a UIColor.
(You can enter hex strings with either format: #ffffff or ffffff)

Usage:

var color1 = hexStringToUIColor("#d3d3d3")

Swift 5: (Swift 4+)

func hexStringToUIColor (hex:String) -> UIColor {
    var cString:String = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()

    if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
        cString.remove(at: cString.startIndex)
    }

    if ((cString.count) != 6) {
        return UIColor.gray
    }

    var rgbValue:UInt64 = 0
    Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt64(&rgbValue)

    return UIColor(
        red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
        green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
        blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
        alpha: CGFloat(1.0)
    )
}

Swift 3:

func hexStringToUIColor (hex:String) -> UIColor {
    var cString:String = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()

    if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
        cString.remove(at: cString.startIndex)
    }

    if ((cString.characters.count) != 6) {
        return UIColor.gray
    }

    var rgbValue:UInt32 = 0
    Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt32(&rgbValue)

    return UIColor(
        red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
        green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
        blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
        alpha: CGFloat(1.0)
    )
}

Swift 2:

func hexStringToUIColor (hex:String) -> UIColor {
    var cString:String = hex.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.whitespaceAndNewlineCharacterSet() as NSCharacterSet).uppercaseString

    if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
      cString = cString.substringFromIndex(cString.startIndex.advancedBy(1))
    }

    if ((cString.characters.count) != 6) {
      return UIColor.grayColor()
    }

    var rgbValue:UInt32 = 0
    NSScanner(string: cString).scanHexInt(&rgbValue)

    return UIColor(
        red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
        green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
        blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
        alpha: CGFloat(1.0)
    )
}



Source: arshad/gist:de147c42d7b3063ef7bc

Edit: Updated the code. Thanks, Hlung, jaytrixz, Ahmad F, Kegham K, and Adam Waite!


This answer shows how to do it in Obj-C. The bridge is to use

let rgbValue = 0xFFEEDD
let r = Float((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16)/255.0
let g = Float((rgbValue & 0xFF00) >> 8)/255.0
let b = Float((rgbValue & 0xFF))/255.0
self.backgroundColor = UIColor(red:r, green: g, blue: b, alpha: 1.0)

Simple Color Extension for Swift 5/SwiftUI

Example:

let myColor = Color(hex:0xF2C94C)

Code:

import Foundation
import SwiftUI

extension UIColor {
    convenience init(hex: Int) {
        let components = (
            R: CGFloat((hex >> 16) & 0xff) / 255,
            G: CGFloat((hex >> 08) & 0xff) / 255,
            B: CGFloat((hex >> 00) & 0xff) / 255
        )
        self.init(red: components.R, green: components.G, blue: components.B, alpha: 1)
    }
}

extension Color {
    public init(hex: Int) {
        self.init(UIColor(hex: hex))
   }
}

Swift 2.3: UIColor Extension. I Think its simpler.

extension UIColor {
    static func colorFromHex(hexString: String, alpha: CGFloat = 1) -> UIColor {
        //checking if hex has 7 characters or not including '#'
        if hexString.characters.count < 7 {
            return UIColor.whiteColor()
        }
        //string by removing hash
        let hexStringWithoutHash = hexString.substringFromIndex(hexString.startIndex.advancedBy(1))

        //I am extracting three parts of hex color Red (first 2 characters), Green (middle 2 characters), Blue (last two characters)
        let eachColor = [
            hexStringWithoutHash.substringWithRange(hexStringWithoutHash.startIndex...hexStringWithoutHash.startIndex.advancedBy(1)),
            hexStringWithoutHash.substringWithRange(hexStringWithoutHash.startIndex.advancedBy(2)...hexStringWithoutHash.startIndex.advancedBy(3)),
            hexStringWithoutHash.substringWithRange(hexStringWithoutHash.startIndex.advancedBy(4)...hexStringWithoutHash.startIndex.advancedBy(5))]

        let hexForEach = eachColor.map {CGFloat(Int($0, radix: 16) ?? 0)} //radix is base of numeric system you want to convert to, Hexadecimal has base 16

        //return the color by making color
        return UIColor(red: hexForEach[0] / 255, green: hexForEach[1] / 255, blue: hexForEach[2] / 255, alpha: alpha)
    }
}

Usage:

let color = UIColor.colorFromHex("#25ac09")

With Swift 2.0 and Xcode 7.0.1 you can create this function:

    // Creates a UIColor from a Hex string.
    func colorWithHexString (hex:String) -> UIColor {
        var cString:String = hex.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.whitespaceAndNewlineCharacterSet()).uppercaseString

        if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
            cString = (cString as NSString).substringFromIndex(1)
        }

        if (cString.characters.count != 6) {
            return UIColor.grayColor()
        }

        let rString = (cString as NSString).substringToIndex(2)
        let gString = ((cString as NSString).substringFromIndex(2) as NSString).substringToIndex(2)
        let bString = ((cString as NSString).substringFromIndex(4) as NSString).substringToIndex(2)

        var r:CUnsignedInt = 0, g:CUnsignedInt = 0, b:CUnsignedInt = 0;
        NSScanner(string: rString).scanHexInt(&r)
        NSScanner(string: gString).scanHexInt(&g)
        NSScanner(string: bString).scanHexInt(&b)


        return UIColor(red: CGFloat(r) / 255.0, green: CGFloat(g) / 255.0, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255.0, alpha: CGFloat(1))
    }

and then use it in this way:

let color1 = colorWithHexString("#1F437C")

Updated For Swift 4

func colorWithHexString (hex:String) -> UIColor {

    var cString = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: CharacterSet.whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()

    if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
        cString = (cString as NSString).substring(from: 1)
    }

    if (cString.characters.count != 6) {
        return UIColor.gray
    }

    let rString = (cString as NSString).substring(to: 2)
    let gString = ((cString as NSString).substring(from: 2) as NSString).substring(to: 2)
    let bString = ((cString as NSString).substring(from: 4) as NSString).substring(to: 2)

    var r:CUnsignedInt = 0, g:CUnsignedInt = 0, b:CUnsignedInt = 0;
    Scanner(string: rString).scanHexInt32(&r)
    Scanner(string: gString).scanHexInt32(&g)
    Scanner(string: bString).scanHexInt32(&b)


    return UIColor(red: CGFloat(r) / 255.0, green: CGFloat(g) / 255.0, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255.0, alpha: CGFloat(1))
}

RGBA Version Swift 3/4

I like @Luca's answer as i think it's the most elegant.

However I don't want my colours specified in ARGB. I'd rather RGBA + also i needed to hack in the case of dealing with strings that specify 1 character for each of the channels "#FFFA".

This version also adds error throwing + strips the '#' character if it's included in the string. Here is my modified form for Swift.

public enum ColourParsingError: Error
{
    
    case invalidInput(String)
}
extension UIColor {
    public convenience init(hexString: String) throws
    {
        let hexString = hexString.replacingOccurrences(of: "#", with: "")
        let hex = hexString.trimmingCharacters(in:NSCharacterSet.alphanumerics.inverted)
        var int = UInt32()
        Scanner(string: hex).scanHexInt32(&int)
        let a, r, g, b: UInt32
        switch hex.count 
        {
        case 3: // RGB (12-bit)
            (r, g, b,a) = ((int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17,255)
        //iCSS specification in the form of #F0FA
        case 4: // RGB (24-bit)
            (r, g, b,a) = ((int >> 12) * 17, (int >> 8 & 0xF) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
        case 6: // RGB (24-bit)
            (r, g, b, a) = (int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF,255)
        case 8: // ARGB (32-bit)
            (r, g, b, a) = (int >> 24, int >> 16 & 0xFF, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        default:
            throw ColourParsingError.invalidInput("String is not a valid hex colour string: \(hexString)")
        }
        self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(a) / 255)
    }
}

The simplest way to add color programmatically is by using ColorLiteral.

Just add the property ColorLiteral as shown in the example, Xcode will prompt you with a whole list of colors which you can choose. The advantage of doing so is lesser code, add HEX values or RGB. You will also get the recently used colors from the storyboard.

Example: self.view.backgroundColor = ColorLiteral enter image description here


Latest swift3 Version

        extension UIColor {
convenience init(hexString: String) {
    let hex = hexString.trimmingCharacters(in: CharacterSet.alphanumerics.inverted)
    var int = UInt32()
    Scanner(string: hex).scanHexInt32(&int)
    let a, r, g, b: UInt32
    switch hex.characters.count {
    case 3: // RGB (12-bit)
        (a, r, g, b) = (255, (int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
    case 6: // RGB (24-bit)
        (a, r, g, b) = (255, int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
    case 8: // ARGB (32-bit)
        (a, r, g, b) = (int >> 24, int >> 16 & 0xFF, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
    default:
        (a, r, g, b) = (255, 0, 0, 0)
    }
      self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue:      CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(a) / 255)
}
}

Use in your class or where ever you converted into hexcolor to uicolor like in this way

             let color1 = UIColor(hexString: "#FF323232")

extension UIColor {
    public convenience init?(hex: String) {
        let r, g, b, a: CGFloat

        if hex.hasPrefix("#") {
            let start = hex.index(hex.startIndex, offsetBy: 1)
            let hexColor = String(hex[start...])

            if hexColor.count == 8 {
                let scanner = Scanner(string: hexColor)
                var hexNumber: UInt64 = 0

                if scanner.scanHexInt64(&hexNumber) {
                    r = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0xff000000) >> 24) / 255
                    g = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x00ff0000) >> 16) / 255
                    b = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x0000ff00) >> 8) / 255
                    a = CGFloat(hexNumber & 0x000000ff) / 255

                    self.init(red: r, green: g, blue: b, alpha: a)
                    return
                }
            }
        }

        return nil
    }
}

Usage:

let white = UIColor(hex: "#ffffff")

You can use it in swift 5

SWIFT 5

import UIKit

extension UIColor {
    static func hexStringToUIColor (hex:String) -> UIColor {
        var cString:String = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()

        if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
            cString.remove(at: cString.startIndex)
        }

        if ((cString.count) != 6) {
            return UIColor.gray
        }

        var rgbValue:UInt32 = 0
        Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt32(&rgbValue)

        return UIColor(
            red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
            green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
            blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
            alpha: CGFloat(1.0)
        )
    }
}

Swift 5: You can create colors in Xcode as explained in the following two images:

enter image description here

You should name the color because you reference the color by the name. As shown in image 2:

enter image description here


I made a small function,placed it from where I can use it globally & working fine with swift 2.1:

func getColorFromHex(rgbValue:UInt32)->UIColor{
   let red = CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16)/255.0
   let green = CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF00) >> 8)/255.0
   let blue = CGFloat(rgbValue & 0xFF)/255.0

   return UIColor(red:red, green:green, blue:blue, alpha:1.0)
}

usage:

getColorFromHex(0xffffff)

Supporting 7 Hex color types

There are 7 hex color formats: ""#FF0000","0xFF0000", "FF0000", "F00", "red", 0x00FF00 , 16711935

NSColorParser.nsColor("#FF0000",1)//red nsColor
NSColorParser.nsColor("FF0",1)//red nsColor
NSColorParser.nsColor("0xFF0000",1)//red nsColor
NSColorParser.nsColor("#FF0000",1)//red nsColor
NSColorParser.nsColor("FF0000",1)//red nsColor
NSColorParser.nsColor(0xFF0000,1)//red nsColor
NSColorParser.nsColor(16711935,1)//red nsColor

CAUTION: This isn't a "one-file-solution", there are some dependencies, but hunting them down may be faster than researching this from scratch.

https://github.com/eonist/swift-utils/blob/2882002682c4d2a3dc7cb3045c45f66ed59d566d/geom/color/NSColorParser.swift

Permalink:
https://github.com/eonist/Element/wiki/Progress#supporting-7-hex-color-types


Another method

Swift 3.0

Write a extension for UIColor

// To change the HexaDecimal value to Corresponding Color
extension UIColor
{
    class func uicolorFromHex(_ rgbValue:UInt32, alpha : CGFloat)->UIColor

    {
        let red = CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0
        let green = CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF00) >> 8) / 255.0
        let blue = CGFloat(rgbValue & 0xFF) / 255.0
        return UIColor(red:red, green:green, blue:blue, alpha: alpha)
    }
}

you can directly create UIColor with hex like this

let carrot = UIColor.uicolorFromHex(0xe67e22, alpha: 1))

Just some addiotion to the first answer

(haven't cehcked the alpha, may need to add an if netHext > 0xffffff):

extension UIColor {

struct COLORS_HEX {
    static let Primary = 0xffffff
    static let PrimaryDark = 0x000000
    static let Accent = 0xe89549
    static let AccentDark = 0xe27b2a
    static let TextWhiteSemiTransparent = 0x80ffffff
}

convenience init(red: Int, green: Int, blue: Int, alphaH: Int) {
    assert(red >= 0 && red <= 255, "Invalid red component")
    assert(green >= 0 && green <= 255, "Invalid green component")
    assert(blue >= 0 && blue <= 255, "Invalid blue component")
    assert(alphaH >= 0 && alphaH <= 255, "Invalid alpha component")

    self.init(red: CGFloat(red) / 255.0, green: CGFloat(green) / 255.0, blue: CGFloat(blue) / 255.0, alpha: CGFloat(alphaH) / 255.0)
}

convenience init(netHex:Int) {
    self.init(red:(netHex >> 16) & 0xff, green:(netHex >> 8) & 0xff, blue:netHex & 0xff, alphaH: (netHex >> 24) & 0xff)
}

}

I've merged a few ideas from this thread of answers and updated it for iOS 13 & Swift 5.

extension UIColor {
  
  convenience init(_ hex: String, alpha: CGFloat = 1.0) {
    var cString = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()
    
    if cString.hasPrefix("#") { cString.removeFirst() }
    
    if cString.count != 6 {
      self.init("ff0000") // return red color for wrong hex input
      return
    }
    
    var rgbValue: UInt64 = 0
    Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt64(&rgbValue)
    
    self.init(red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
              green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
              blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
              alpha: alpha)
  }

}

You can then use it like this:

UIColor("#ff0000") // with #
UIColor("ff0000")  // without #
UIColor("ff0000", alpha: 0.5) // using optional alpha value

Swift 4.0

use this Single line of method

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

   let color = UIColor(hexColor: "FF00A0")
   self.view.backgroundColor = color

}

You have to create new Class or use any controller where u need to use Hex color. This extension class provide you UIColor that will convert Hex to RGB color.

extension UIColor {
convenience init(hexColor: String) {
    let scannHex = Scanner(string: hexColor)
    var rgbValue: UInt64 = 0
    scannHex.scanLocation = 0
    scannHex.scanHexInt64(&rgbValue)
    let r = (rgbValue & 0xff0000) >> 16
    let g = (rgbValue & 0xff00) >> 8
    let b = rgbValue & 0xff
    self.init(
        red: CGFloat(r) / 0xff,
        green: CGFloat(g) / 0xff,
        blue: CGFloat(b) / 0xff, alpha: 1
    )
  }
}

Swift 4 : Combining the answers of Sulthan and Luca Torella :

extension UIColor {
    convenience init(hexFromString:String, alpha:CGFloat = 1.0) {
        var cString:String = hexFromString.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()
        var rgbValue:UInt32 = 10066329 //color #999999 if string has wrong format

        if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
            cString.remove(at: cString.startIndex)
        }

        if ((cString.count) == 6) {
            Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt32(&rgbValue)
        }

        self.init(
            red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
            green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
            blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
            alpha: alpha
        )
    }
}

Usage examples:

let myColor = UIColor(hexFromString: "4F9BF5")

let myColor = UIColor(hexFromString: "#4F9BF5")

let myColor = UIColor(hexFromString: "#4F9BF5", alpha: 0.5)

public static func hexStringToUIColor (hex:String) -> UIColor {
    var cString:String = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines).uppercased()

    if (cString.hasPrefix("#")) {
        cString.remove(at: cString.startIndex)
    }

    if ((cString.characters.count) == 6) {

        var rgbValue:UInt32 = 0
        Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt32(&rgbValue)

        return UIColor(
            red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
            green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
            blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
            alpha: CGFloat(1.0)
        )
    }else if ((cString.characters.count) == 8) {

        var rgbValue:UInt32 = 0
        Scanner(string: cString).scanHexInt32(&rgbValue)

        return UIColor(
            red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
            green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x0000FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
            blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x000000FF) / 255.0,
            alpha: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF000000) >> 24) / 255.0
        )
    }else{
        return UIColor.gray
    }
}

How to use

var color: UIColor = hexStringToUIColor(hex: "#00ff00"); // Without transparency
var colorWithTransparency: UIColor = hexStringToUIColor(hex: "#dd00ff00"); // With transparency

If you're wanting from hex string rather than hex value...

    let hex = "#FADE2B"  // yellow
    let color = NSColor(fromHex: hex)

Supported formats:

  • "#fff" // RGB
  • "#ffff" // RGBA
  • "#ffffff" // RRGGBB
  • "#ffffffff" // RRGGBBAA

with or without the # character


    extension NSColor {
        /// Initialises NSColor from a hexadecimal string. Color is clear if string is invalid.
        /// - Parameter fromHex: supported formats are "#RGB", "#RGBA", "#RRGGBB", "#RRGGBBAA", with or without the # character
        public convenience init(fromHex:String) {
            var r = 0, g = 0, b = 0, a = 0
            let offset = fromHex.hasPrefix("#") ? 1 : 0
            let ch = fromHex.map{$0}
            switch(ch.count - offset) {
            case 4:
                a = ch[offset+3].hexDigitValue ?? 0
                fallthrough
            case 3:
                r = ch[offset+0].hexDigitValue ?? 0
                g = ch[offset+1].hexDigitValue ?? 0
                b = ch[offset+2].hexDigitValue ?? 0
                break
            case 8:
                a = (ch[offset+6].hexDigitValue ?? 0) + 16 * (ch[offset+7].hexDigitValue ?? 0)
                fallthrough
            case 6:
                r = (ch[offset+0].hexDigitValue ?? 0) + 16 * (ch[offset+1].hexDigitValue ?? 0)
                g = (ch[offset+2].hexDigitValue ?? 0) + 16 * (ch[offset+3].hexDigitValue ?? 0)
                b = (ch[offset+4].hexDigitValue ?? 0) + 16 * (ch[offset+5].hexDigitValue ?? 0)
                break
            default:
                break
            }
            self.init(red: CGFloat(r)/255, green: CGFloat(g)/255, blue: CGFloat(b)/255, alpha: CGFloat(a)/255)
            
        }
    }
    // Author: Andrew Kingdom

License: CC BY


Swift 2.0:

In viewDidLoad()

 var viewColor:UIColor
    viewColor = UIColor()
    let colorInt:UInt
    colorInt = 0x000000
    viewColor = UIColorFromRGB(colorInt)
    self.View.backgroundColor=viewColor



func UIColorFromRGB(rgbValue: UInt) -> UIColor {
    return UIColor(
        red: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
        green: CGFloat((rgbValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8) / 255.0,
        blue: CGFloat(rgbValue & 0x0000FF) / 255.0,
        alpha: CGFloat(1.0)
    )
}

Hex with validation

Based on Eduardo answer

Details

  • Xcode 10.0, Swift 4.2
  • Xcode 10.2.1 (10E1001), Swift 5

Solution

import UIKit

extension UIColor {

    convenience init(r: UInt8, g: UInt8, b: UInt8, alpha: CGFloat = 1.0) {
        let divider: CGFloat = 255.0
        self.init(red: CGFloat(r)/divider, green: CGFloat(g)/divider, blue: CGFloat(b)/divider, alpha: alpha)
    }

    private convenience init(rgbWithoutValidation value: Int32, alpha: CGFloat = 1.0) {
        self.init(
            r: UInt8((value & 0xFF0000) >> 16),
            g: UInt8((value & 0x00FF00) >> 8),
            b: UInt8(value & 0x0000FF),
            alpha: alpha
        )
    }

    convenience init?(rgb: Int32, alpha: CGFloat = 1.0) {
        if rgb > 0xFFFFFF || rgb < 0 { return nil }
        self.init(rgbWithoutValidation: rgb, alpha: alpha)
    }

    convenience init?(hex: String, alpha: CGFloat = 1.0) {
        var charSet = CharacterSet.whitespacesAndNewlines
        charSet.insert("#")
        let _hex = hex.trimmingCharacters(in: charSet)
        guard _hex.range(of: "^[0-9A-Fa-f]{6}$", options: .regularExpression) != nil else { return nil }
        var rgb: UInt32 = 0
        Scanner(string: _hex).scanHexInt32(&rgb)
        self.init(rgbWithoutValidation: Int32(rgb), alpha: alpha)
    }
}

Usage

let alpha: CGFloat = 1.0

// Hex
print(UIColor(rgb: 0x4F9BF5) ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(rgb: 0x4F9BF5, alpha: alpha) ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(rgb: 5217269) ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(rgb: -5217269) ?? "nil")                  // = nil
print(UIColor(rgb: 0xFFFFFF1) ?? "nil")                 // = nil

// String
print(UIColor(hex: "4F9BF5") ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(hex: "4F9BF5", alpha: alpha) ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(hex: "#4F9BF5") ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(hex: "#4F9BF5", alpha: alpha) ?? "nil")
print(UIColor(hex: "#4F9BF56") ?? "nil")                // = nil
print(UIColor(hex: "#blabla") ?? "nil")                 // = nil

// RGB
print(UIColor(r: 79, g: 155, b: 245))
print(UIColor(r: 79, g: 155, b: 245, alpha: alpha))
//print(UIColor(r: 792, g: 155, b: 245, alpha: alpha))  // Compiler will throw an error, r,g,b = [0...255]

UIColor extension, This will greatly help you! (version:Swift 4.0)

import UIKit
extension UIColor {
/// rgb??
convenience init(r: CGFloat, g: CGFloat, b: CGFloat) {
    self.init(red: r/255.0 ,green: g/255.0 ,blue: b/255.0 ,alpha:1.0)
}

/// ??(????)
convenience init(gray: CGFloat) {
    self.init(red: gray/255.0 ,green: gray/255.0 ,blue: gray/255.0 ,alpha:1.0)
}
/// ???
class func randomCGColor() -> UIColor {
    return UIColor(r: CGFloat(arc4random_uniform(256)), g: CGFloat(arc4random_uniform(256)), b: CGFloat(arc4random_uniform(256)))
}

/// hex??-Int
convenience init(hex:Int, alpha:CGFloat = 1.0) {
    self.init(
        red:   CGFloat((hex & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0,
        green: CGFloat((hex & 0x00FF00) >> 8)  / 255.0,
        blue:  CGFloat((hex & 0x0000FF) >> 0)  / 255.0,
        alpha: alpha
    )
}
/// hex??-String
convenience init(hexString: String){
    var red:   CGFloat = 0.0
    var green: CGFloat = 0.0
    var blue:  CGFloat = 0.0
    var alpha: CGFloat = 1.0
    let scanner = Scanner(string: hexString)
    var hexValue: CUnsignedLongLong = 0
    if scanner.scanHexInt64(&hexValue) {
        switch (hexString.characters.count) {
        case 3:
            red   = CGFloat((hexValue & 0xF00) >> 8)       / 15.0
            green = CGFloat((hexValue & 0x0F0) >> 4)       / 15.0
            blue  = CGFloat(hexValue & 0x00F)              / 15.0
        case 4:
            red   = CGFloat((hexValue & 0xF000) >> 12)     / 15.0
            green = CGFloat((hexValue & 0x0F00) >> 8)      / 15.0
            blue  = CGFloat((hexValue & 0x00F0) >> 4)      / 15.0
            alpha = CGFloat(hexValue & 0x000F)             / 15.0
        case 6:
            red   = CGFloat((hexValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16)   / 255.0
            green = CGFloat((hexValue & 0x00FF00) >> 8)    / 255.0
            blue  = CGFloat(hexValue & 0x0000FF)           / 255.0
        case 8:
            alpha = CGFloat((hexValue & 0xFF000000) >> 24) / 255.0
            red   = CGFloat((hexValue & 0x00FF0000) >> 16) / 255.0
            green = CGFloat((hexValue & 0x0000FF00) >> 8)  / 255.0
            blue  = CGFloat(hexValue & 0x000000FF)         / 255.0
        default:
            log.info("Invalid RGB string, number of characters after '#' should be either 3, 4, 6 or 8")
        }
    } else {
        log.error("Scan hex error")
    }
    self.init(red:red, green:green, blue:blue, alpha:alpha)
}}

Here's what I'm using. Works with 6 and 8 character color strings, with or without the # symbol. Defaults to black in release and crashes in debug when initialized with an invalid string.

extension UIColor {
    public convenience init(hex: String) {
        var r: CGFloat = 0
        var g: CGFloat = 0
        var b: CGFloat = 0
        var a: CGFloat = 1

        let hexColor = hex.replacingOccurrences(of: "#", with: "")
        let scanner = Scanner(string: hexColor)
        var hexNumber: UInt64 = 0
        var valid = false

        if scanner.scanHexInt64(&hexNumber) {
            if hexColor.count == 8 {
                r = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0xff000000) >> 24) / 255
                g = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x00ff0000) >> 16) / 255
                b = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x0000ff00) >> 8) / 255
                a = CGFloat(hexNumber & 0x000000ff) / 255
                valid = true
            }
            else if hexColor.count == 6 {
                r = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0xff0000) >> 16) / 255
                g = CGFloat((hexNumber & 0x00ff00) >> 8) / 255
                b = CGFloat(hexNumber & 0x0000ff) / 255
                valid = true
            }
        }

        #if DEBUG
            assert(valid, "UIColor initialized with invalid hex string")
        #endif

        self.init(red: r, green: g, blue: b, alpha: a)
    }
}

Usage:

UIColor(hex: "#75CC83FF")
UIColor(hex: "75CC83FF")
UIColor(hex: "#75CC83")
UIColor(hex: "75CC83")

Swift 5.3 & SwiftUI: Hex and CSS color name support via a UIColor

Gist code

Swift Package

SwiftUI Package

Example strings:

  • Orange, Lime, Tomato, etc.
  • Clear, Transparent, nil, and empty string yield [UIColor clearColor]
  • abc
  • abc7
  • #abc7
  • 00FFFF
  • #00FFFF
  • 00FFFF77

Playground output: Playground output


UIColor:

extension UIColor {

    convenience init(hex: Int) {
        let components = (
            R: CGFloat((hex >> 16) & 0xff) / 255,
            G: CGFloat((hex >> 08) & 0xff) / 255,
            B: CGFloat((hex >> 00) & 0xff) / 255
        )
        self.init(red: components.R, green: components.G, blue: components.B, alpha: 1)
    }

}

CGColor:

extension CGColor {

    class func colorWithHex(hex: Int) -> CGColorRef {

        return UIColor(hex: hex).CGColor

    }

}

Usage

let purple = UIColor(hex: 0xAB47BC)

Swift 5

extension UIColor{

/// Converting hex string to UIColor
///
/// - Parameter hexString: input hex string
convenience init(hexString: String) {
    let hex = hexString.trimmingCharacters(in: CharacterSet.alphanumerics.inverted)
    var int = UInt64()
    Scanner(string: hex).scanHexInt64(&int)
    let a, r, g, b: UInt64
    switch hex.count {
    case 3:    
        (a, r, g, b) = (255, (int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
    case 6: 
        (a, r, g, b) = (255, int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
    case 8: 
        (a, r, g, b) = (int >> 24, int >> 16 & 0xFF, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
    default:
        (a, r, g, b) = (255, 0, 0, 0)
    }
    self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(a) / 255)
}
}

Call using UIColor(hexString: "your hex string")


iOS 14, SwiftUI 2.0, swift 5.1, Xcode beta12

extension Color {
  static func hexColour(hexValue:UInt32)->Color
    {
      let red = Double((hexValue & 0xFF0000) >> 16) / 255.0
      let green = Double((hexValue & 0xFF00) >> 8) / 255.0
      let blue = Double(hexValue & 0xFF) / 255.0
      return Color(red:red, green:green, blue:blue)
    }
}

You call it with a hex number

let red = Color.hexColour(hexValue: 0xFF0000)

Here's a Swift extension on UIColor that takes a hex string:

import UIKit

extension UIColor {

    convenience init(hexString: String) {
        // Trim leading '#' if needed
        var cleanedHexString = hexString
        if hexString.hasPrefix("#") {
//            cleanedHexString = dropFirst(hexString) // Swift 1.2
            cleanedHexString = String(hexString.characters.dropFirst()) // Swift 2
        }

        // String -> UInt32
        var rgbValue: UInt32 = 0
        NSScanner(string: cleanedHexString).scanHexInt(&rgbValue)

        // UInt32 -> R,G,B
        let red = CGFloat((rgbValue >> 16) & 0xff) / 255.0
        let green = CGFloat((rgbValue >> 08) & 0xff) / 255.0
        let blue = CGFloat((rgbValue >> 00) & 0xff) / 255.0

        self.init(red: red, green: green, blue: blue, alpha: 1.0)
    }

}

Warning "'scanHexInt32' was deprecated in iOS 13.0" was fixed.

The sample should work on Swift2.2 and above(Swift2.x, Swift3.x, Swift4.x, Swift5.x):

extension UIColor {

    // hex sample: 0xf43737
    convenience init(_ hex: Int, alpha: Double = 1.0) {
        self.init(red: CGFloat((hex >> 16) & 0xFF) / 255.0, green: CGFloat((hex >> 8) & 0xFF) / 255.0, blue: CGFloat((hex) & 0xFF) / 255.0, alpha: CGFloat(255 * alpha) / 255)
    }

    convenience init(_ hexString: String, alpha: Double = 1.0) {
        let hex = hexString.trimmingCharacters(in: CharacterSet.alphanumerics.inverted)
        var int = UInt64()
        Scanner(string: hex).scanHexInt64(&int)

        let r, g, b: UInt64
        switch hex.count {
        case 3: // RGB (12-bit)
            (r, g, b) = ((int >> 8) * 17, (int >> 4 & 0xF) * 17, (int & 0xF) * 17)
        case 6: // RGB (24-bit)
            (r, g, b) = (int >> 16, int >> 8 & 0xFF, int & 0xFF)
        default:
            (r, g, b) = (1, 1, 0)
        }

        self.init(red: CGFloat(r) / 255, green: CGFloat(g) / 255, blue: CGFloat(b) / 255, alpha: CGFloat(255 * alpha) / 255)
    }

    convenience init(r: CGFloat, g: CGFloat, b: CGFloat, a: CGFloat = 1) {
        self.init(red: (r / 255), green: (g / 255), blue: (b / 255), alpha: a)
    }
}

Use them like below:

UIColor(0xF54A45)
UIColor(0xF54A45, alpha: 0.7)
UIColor("#f44")
UIColor("#f44", alpha: 0.7)
UIColor("#F54A45")
UIColor("#F54A45", alpha: 0.7)
UIColor("F54A45")
UIColor("F54A45", alpha: 0.7)
UIColor(r: 245.0, g: 73, b: 69)
UIColor(r: 245.0, g: 73, b: 69, a: 0.7)

enter image description here


Swift 2.0:

Make an extension of UIColor.

extension UIColor {
    convenience init(hexString:String) {
        let hexString:NSString = hexString.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.whitespaceAndNewlineCharacterSet())
        let scanner            = NSScanner(string: hexString as String)
        if (hexString.hasPrefix("#")) {
            scanner.scanLocation = 1
        }

        var color:UInt32 = 0
        scanner.scanHexInt(&color)

        let mask = 0x000000FF
        let r = Int(color >> 16) & mask
        let g = Int(color >> 8) & mask
        let b = Int(color) & mask

        let red   = CGFloat(r) / 255.0
        let green = CGFloat(g) / 255.0
        let blue  = CGFloat(b) / 255.0
        self.init(red:red, green:green, blue:blue, alpha:1)
    }

    func toHexString() -> String {
        var r:CGFloat = 0
        var g:CGFloat = 0
        var b:CGFloat = 0
        var a:CGFloat = 0
        getRed(&r, green: &g, blue: &b, alpha: &a)
        let rgb:Int = (Int)(r*255)<<16 | (Int)(g*255)<<8 | (Int)(b*255)<<0
        return NSString(format:"#%06x", rgb) as String
    }

}

Usage:

//Hex to Color
    let countPartColor =  UIColor(hexString: "E43038")

//Color to Hex
let colorHexString =  UIColor(red: 228, green: 48, blue: 56, alpha: 1.0).toHexString()

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