[java] How do I send an HTML email?

I have successfully sent email in my web application using JMS, but the result only displays in plain text. I want the content to be able to display html. How do I do it? Here is roughly what I have:

Message msg = new MimeMessage(mailSession);
try{
    msg.setSubject("Test Notification");
    msg.setRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(sentTo, false));
    String message = "<div style=\"color:red;\">BRIDGEYE</div>";
    msg.setText(message);
    msg.setSentDate(new Date());
    Transport.send(msg);
}catch(MessagingException me){
    logger.log(Level.SEVERE, "sendEmailNotification: {0}", me.getMessage());
}

This question is related to java email jakarta-mail

The answer is


The "loginVo.htmlBody(messageBodyPart);" will contain the html formatted designed information, but in mail does not receive it.

JAVA - STRUTS2

package com.action;
import javax.mail.Multipart;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.Action;
import com.bo.LoginBo;
import com.manager.AttendanceManager;
import com.manager.LoginManager;
import com.manager.SSLEmail;
import com.vo.AttendanceManagementVo;
import com.vo.LeaveManagementVo;
import com.vo.LoginVo;
import com.sun.corba.se.impl.protocol.giopmsgheaders.Message;
import com.sun.xml.internal.messaging.saaj.packaging.mime.internet.MimeBodyPart;

public class InsertApplyLeaveAction implements Action {
private AttendanceManagementVo attendanceManagementVo;

public AttendanceManagementVo getAttendanceManagementVo() {
    return attendanceManagementVo;
}

public void setAttendanceManagementVo(
        AttendanceManagementVo attendanceManagementVo) {
    this.attendanceManagementVo = attendanceManagementVo;
}

@Override
public String execute() throws Exception {
    String empId=attendanceManagementVo.getEmpId();
    String leaveType=attendanceManagementVo.getLeaveType();
    String leaveStartDate=attendanceManagementVo.getLeaveStartDate();
    String leaveEndDate=attendanceManagementVo.getLeaveEndDate();
    String reason=attendanceManagementVo.getReason();
    String employeeName=attendanceManagementVo.getEmployeeName();
    String manageEmployeeId=empId;
    float totalLeave=attendanceManagementVo.getTotalLeave();
    String leaveStatus=attendanceManagementVo.getLeaveStatus();
//  String approverId=attendanceManagementVo.getApproverId();
    attendanceManagementVo.setEmpId(empId);
    attendanceManagementVo.setLeaveType(leaveType);
    attendanceManagementVo.setLeaveStartDate(leaveStartDate);
    attendanceManagementVo.setLeaveEndDate(leaveEndDate);
    attendanceManagementVo.setReason(reason);
    attendanceManagementVo.setManageEmployeeId(manageEmployeeId);
    attendanceManagementVo.setTotalLeave(totalLeave);
    attendanceManagementVo.setLeaveStatus(leaveStatus);
    attendanceManagementVo.setEmployeeName(employeeName);

    AttendanceManagementVo attendanceManagementVo1=new AttendanceManagementVo();
    AttendanceManager attendanceManager=new AttendanceManager();    
    attendanceManagementVo1=attendanceManager.insertLeaveData(attendanceManagementVo);
    attendanceManagementVo1=attendanceManager.getApproverId(attendanceManagementVo);
    String approverId=attendanceManagementVo1.getApproverId();
    String approverEmployeeName=attendanceManagementVo1.getApproverEmployeeName();
    LoginVo loginVo=new LoginVo();
    LoginManager loginManager=new LoginManager();
    loginVo.setEmpId(approverId);
    loginVo=loginManager.getEmailAddress(loginVo);
    String emailAddress=loginVo.getEmailAddress();
    String subject="LEAVE IS SUBMITTED FOR AN APPROVAL BY THE  - " +employeeName;
//  String body =   "Hi "+approverEmployeeName+" ," + "\n" + "\n" +
//          leaveType+" is Applied for "+totalLeave+" days by the  " +employeeName+ "\n" + "\n" +
//          " Employee Name: " + employeeName +"\n" +
//          " Applied Leave Type: " + leaveType +"\n" +
//          " Total Days: " + totalLeave +"\n" + "\n" +
  //        " To view Leave History, Please visit the employee poratal or copy and paste the below link in your browser: " + "\n" +  

  //        " NOTE : This is an automated message. Please do not reply."+ "\n" +  "\n" +                        

    Session session = null;

    MimeBodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
    MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);
    Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();

    String htmlText = ("<div style=\"color:red;\">BRIDGEYE</div>");
    messageBodyPart.setContent(htmlText, "text/html");

    loginVo.setHtmlBody(messageBodyPart);

    message.setContent(multipart);
    Transport.send(message);


    loginVo.setSubject(subject);
//  loginVo.setBody(body);
    loginVo.setEmailAddress(emailAddress);
    SSLEmail sSSEmail=new SSLEmail();
    sSSEmail.sendEmail(loginVo);
    return "success";
 }

 }

Set content type. Look at this method.

message.setContent("<h1>Hello</h1>", "text/html");

You can find a complete and very simple java class for sending emails using Google(gmail) account here, Send email message using java application

It uses following properties

Properties props = new Properties();
  props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
  props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
  props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
  props.put("mail.smtp.port", "587");

Since JavaMail version 1.4, there is an overload of setText method that accepts the subtype.

// Passing null for second argument in order for the method to determine
// the actual charset on-the fly.
// If you know the charset, pass it. "utf-8" should be fine
msg.setText( message, null, "html" );

you have to call

msg.saveChanges();

after setting content type.


You can use setText(java.lang.String text, boolean html) from MimeMessageHelper:

MimeMessage mimeMsg = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();
MimeMessageHelper msgHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMsg, false, "utf-8");
boolean isHTML = true;
msgHelper.setText("<h1>some html</h1>", isHTML);

But you need to:

mimeMsg.saveChanges();

Before:

javaMailSender.send(mimeMsg);

I found this way not sure it works for all the CSS primitives

By setting the header property "Content-Type" to "text/html"

mimeMessage.setHeader("Content-Type", "text/html");

now I can do stuff like

mimeMessage.setHeader("Content-Type", "text/html");

mimeMessage.setText ("`<html><body><h1 style =\"color:blue;\">My first Header<h1></body></html>`")

Regards


If you are using Google app engine/Java, then use the following...

MimeMessage msg = new MimeMessage(session);
msg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(SENDER_EMAIL_ADDRESS, "Admin"));
msg.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                 new InternetAddress(toAddress, "user");

msg.setSubject(subject,"UTF-8");

Multipart mp = new MimeMultipart();
MimeBodyPart htmlPart = new MimeBodyPart();
htmlPart.setContent(message, "text/html");
mp.addBodyPart(htmlPart);
msg.setContent(mp);
Transport.send(msg);

Take a look at http://commons.apache.org/email/ they have an HtmlEmail class that probably does exactly what you need.


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