[javascript] How to sort an array based on the length of each element?

I have an array like this:

arr = []
arr[0] = "ab"
arr[1] = "abcdefgh"
arr[2] = "abcd"

After sorting, the output array should be:

arr[0] = "abcdefgh"
arr[1] = "abcd"
arr[2] = "ab"  

I mean, I want in the descending order of the length of each element.

This question is related to javascript arrays string sorting

The answer is


If you want to preserve the order of the element with the same length as the original array, use bubble sort.

Input = ["ab","cdc","abcd","de"];

Output  = ["ab","cd","cdc","abcd"]

Function:

function bubbleSort(strArray){
  const arrayLength = Object.keys(strArray).length;
    var swapp;
    var newLen = arrayLength-1;
    var sortedStrArrByLenght=strArray;
    do {
        swapp = false;
        for (var i=0; i < newLen; i++)
        {
            if (sortedStrArrByLenght[i].length > sortedStrArrByLenght[i+1].length)
            {
               var temp = sortedStrArrByLenght[i];
               sortedStrArrByLenght[i] = sortedStrArrByLenght[i+1];
               sortedStrArrByLenght[i+1] = temp;
               swapp = true;
            }
        }
        newLen--;
    } while (swap);
  return sortedStrArrByLenght;
}

We can use Array.sort method to sort this array.

ES5 solution

_x000D_
_x000D_
var array = ["ab", "abcdefgh", "abcd"];

array.sort(function(a, b){return b.length - a.length});

console.log(JSON.stringify(array, null, '\t'));
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

For ascending sort order: a.length - b.length

For descending sort order: b.length - a.length

ES6 solution

Attention: not all browsers can understand ES6 code!

In ES6 we can use an arrow function expressions.

_x000D_
_x000D_
let array = ["ab", "abcdefgh", "abcd"];

array.sort((a, b) => b.length - a.length);

console.log(JSON.stringify(array, null, '\t'));
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_


Here is the sort, depending on the length of a string with javascript as you asked:

[the solution of the problem by bubble sort][1]

[1]: http://jsfiddle.net/sssonline2/vcme3/2/enter code here


Based on Salman's answer, I've written a small function to encapsulate it:

function sortArrayByLength(arr, ascYN) {
        arr.sort(function (a, b) {           // sort array by length of text
            if (ascYN) return a.length - b.length;              // ASC -> a - b
            else return b.length - a.length;                    // DESC -> b - a
        });
    }

then just call it with

sortArrayByLength( myArray, true );

Note that unfortunately, functions can/should not be added to the Array prototype, as explained on this page.

Also, it modified the array passed as a parameter and doesn't return anything. This would force the duplication of the array and wouldn't be great for large arrays. If someone has a better idea, please do comment!


#created a sorting function to sort by length of elements of list
def sort_len(a):
    num = len(a)
    d = {}
    i = 0
    while i<num:
        d[i] = len(a[i])
        i += 1
    b = list(d.values())
    b.sort()
    c = []
    for i in b:
        for j in range(num):
            if j in list(d.keys()):
                if d[j] == i:
                    c.append(a[j])
                    d.pop(j)
    return c

I adapted @shareef's answer to make it concise. I use,

.sort(function(arg1, arg2) { return arg1.length - arg2.length })


This code should do the trick:

var array = ["ab", "abcdefgh", "abcd"];

array.sort(function(a, b){return b.length - a.length});

console.log(JSON.stringify(array, null, '\t'));

<script>
         arr = []
         arr[0] = "ab"
         arr[1] = "abcdefgh"
         arr[2] = "sdfds"
         arr.sort(function(a,b){
            return a.length<b.length
         })
         document.write(arr)

</script>

The anonymous function that you pass to sort tells it how to sort the given array.hope this helps.I know this is confusing but you can tell the sort function how to sort the elements of the array by passing it a function as a parameter telling it what to do


Examples related to javascript

need to add a class to an element How to make a variable accessible outside a function? Hide Signs that Meteor.js was Used How to create a showdown.js markdown extension Please help me convert this script to a simple image slider Highlight Anchor Links when user manually scrolls? Summing radio input values How to execute an action before close metro app WinJS javascript, for loop defines a dynamic variable name Getting all files in directory with ajax

Examples related to arrays

PHP array value passes to next row Use NSInteger as array index How do I show a message in the foreach loop? Objects are not valid as a React child. If you meant to render a collection of children, use an array instead Iterating over arrays in Python 3 Best way to "push" into C# array Sort Array of object by object field in Angular 6 Checking for duplicate strings in JavaScript array what does numpy ndarray shape do? How to round a numpy array?

Examples related to string

How to split a string in two and store it in a field String method cannot be found in a main class method Kotlin - How to correctly concatenate a String Replacing a character from a certain index Remove quotes from String in Python Detect whether a Python string is a number or a letter How does String substring work in Swift How does String.Index work in Swift swift 3.0 Data to String? How to parse JSON string in Typescript

Examples related to sorting

Sort Array of object by object field in Angular 6 Sorting a list with stream.sorted() in Java How to sort dates from Oldest to Newest in Excel? how to sort pandas dataframe from one column Reverse a comparator in Java 8 Find the unique values in a column and then sort them pandas groupby sort within groups pandas groupby sort descending order Efficiently sorting a numpy array in descending order? Swift: Sort array of objects alphabetically