[javascript] Losing scope when using ng-include

I have this module routes:

var mainModule = angular.module('lpConnect', []).
    config(['$routeProvider', function ($routeProvider) {
    $routeProvider.
        when('/home', {template:'views/home.html', controller:HomeCtrl}).
        when('/admin', {template:'views/admin.html', controller:AdminCtrl}).
        otherwise({redirectTo:'/connect'});
}]);

Home HTML:

<div ng-include src="views.partial1"></div>

partial1 HTML:

<form ng-submit="addLine()">
    <input type="text" ng-model="lineText" size="30" placeholder="Type your message here">
</form>

HomeCtrl:

function HomeCtrl($scope, $location, $window, $http, Common) {
    ...
    $scope.views = {
        partial1:"views/partial1.html"
    };

    $scope.addLine = function () {
        $scope.chat.addLine($scope.lineText);
        $scope.lines.push({text:$scope.lineText});
        $scope.lineText = "";
    };
...
}

In the addLine function $scope.lineText is undefined, this can be resolved by adding ng-controller="HomeCtrl" to partial1.html, however it causes the controller to be called twice. What am I missing here?

The answer is


I've figured out how to work around this issue without mixing parent and sub scope data. Set a ng-if on the the ng-include element and set it to a scope variable. For example :

<div ng-include="{{ template }}" ng-if="show"/>

In your controller, when you have set all the data you need in your sub scope, then set show to true. The ng-include will copy at this moment the data set in your scope and set it in your sub scope.

The rule of thumb is to reduce scope data deeper the scope are, else you have this situation.

Max


Instead of using this as the accepted answer suggests, use $parent instead. So in your partial1.htmlyou'll have:

<form ng-submit="$parent.addLine()">
    <input type="text" ng-model="$parent.lineText" size="30" placeholder="Type your message here">
</form>

If you want to learn more about the scope in ng-include or other directives, check this out: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes#ng-include


As @Renan mentioned, ng-include creates a new child scope. This scope prototypically inherits (see dashed lines below) from the HomeCtrl scope. ng-model="lineText" actually creates a primitive scope property on the child scope, not HomeCtrl's scope. This child scope is not accessible to the parent/HomeCtrl scope:

ng-include scope

To store what the user typed into HomeCtrl's $scope.lines array, I suggest you pass the value to the addLine function:

 <form ng-submit="addLine(lineText)">

In addition, since lineText is owned by the ngInclude scope/partial, I feel it should be responsible for clearing it:

 <form ng-submit="addLine(lineText); lineText=''">

Function addLine() would thus become:

$scope.addLine = function(lineText) {
    $scope.chat.addLine(lineText);
    $scope.lines.push({
        text: lineText
    });
};

Fiddle.

Alternatives:

  • define an object property on HomeCtrl's $scope, and use that in the partial: ng-model="someObj.lineText; fiddle
  • not recommended, this is more of a hack: use $parent in the partial to create/access a lineText property on the HomeCtrl $scope:  ng-model="$parent.lineText"; fiddle

It is a bit involved to explain why the above two alternatives work, but it is fully explained here: What are the nuances of scope prototypal / prototypical inheritance in AngularJS?

I don't recommend using this in the addLine() function. It becomes much less clear which scope is being accessed/manipulated.


Examples related to javascript

need to add a class to an element How to make a variable accessible outside a function? Hide Signs that Meteor.js was Used How to create a showdown.js markdown extension Please help me convert this script to a simple image slider Highlight Anchor Links when user manually scrolls? Summing radio input values How to execute an action before close metro app WinJS javascript, for loop defines a dynamic variable name Getting all files in directory with ajax

Examples related to html

Embed ruby within URL : Middleman Blog Please help me convert this script to a simple image slider Generating a list of pages (not posts) without the index file Why there is this "clear" class before footer? Is it possible to change the content HTML5 alert messages? Getting all files in directory with ajax DevTools failed to load SourceMap: Could not load content for chrome-extension How to set width of mat-table column in angular? How to open a link in new tab using angular? ERROR Error: Uncaught (in promise), Cannot match any routes. URL Segment

Examples related to angularjs

AngularJs directive not updating another directive's scope ERROR in Cannot find module 'node-sass' CORS: credentials mode is 'include' CORS error :Request header field Authorization is not allowed by Access-Control-Allow-Headers in preflight response WebSocket connection failed: Error during WebSocket handshake: Unexpected response code: 400 Print Html template in Angular 2 (ng-print in Angular 2) $http.get(...).success is not a function Angular 1.6.0: "Possibly unhandled rejection" error Find object by its property in array of objects with AngularJS way Error: Cannot invoke an expression whose type lacks a call signature

Examples related to angularjs-scope

Use of symbols '@', '&', '=' and '>' in custom directive's scope binding: AngularJS How to call a function from another controller in angularjs? Detect if checkbox is checked or unchecked in Angular.js ng-change event $rootScope.$broadcast vs. $scope.$emit How to clear or stop timeInterval in angularjs? How do I inject a controller into another controller in AngularJS Controller not a function, got undefined, while defining controllers globally AngularJS - get element attributes values ng-if, not equal to? How to set the id attribute of a HTML element dynamically with angularjs (1.x)?

Examples related to angularjs-ng-include

Losing scope when using ng-include