How do I download a file using VBA (without Internet Explorer)


I need to download a CSV file from a website using VBA in Excel. The server also needed to authenticate me since it was data from a survey service.

I found a lot of examples using Internet Explorer controlled with VBA for this. However, it was mostly slow solutions and most were also convoluted.

Update: After a while I found a nifty solution using Microsoft.XMLHTTP object in Excel. I thought to share the solution below for future reference.

This question is tagged with api vba csv download

~ Asked on 2013-07-26 09:13:45

The Best Answer is


This solution is based from this website:

It is slightly modified to overwrite existing file and to pass along login credentials.

Sub DownloadFile()

Dim myURL As String
myURL = ""

Dim WinHttpReq As Object
Set WinHttpReq = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP")
WinHttpReq.Open "GET", myURL, False, "username", "password"

If WinHttpReq.Status = 200 Then
    Set oStream = CreateObject("ADODB.Stream")
    oStream.Type = 1
    oStream.Write WinHttpReq.responseBody
    oStream.SaveToFile "C:\file.csv", 2 ' 1 = no overwrite, 2 = overwrite
End If

End Sub

~ Answered on 2013-07-26 09:13:45


Declare PtrSafe Function URLDownloadToFile Lib "urlmon" Alias "URLDownloadToFileA" _
(ByVal pCaller As Long, ByVal szURL As String, ByVal szFileName As String, _
ByVal dwReserved As Long, ByVal lpfnCB As Long) As Long

Sub Example()
    DownloadFile$ = "someFile.ext" 'here the name with extension
    URL$ = "http://some.web.address/" & DownloadFile 'Here is the web address
    LocalFilename$ = "C:\Some\Path" & DownloadFile !OR! CurrentProject.Path & "\" & DownloadFile 'here the drive and download directory
    MsgBox "Download Status : " & URLDownloadToFile(0, URL, LocalFilename, 0, 0) = 0
End Sub


I found the above when looking for downloading from FTP with username and address in URL. Users supply information and then make the calls.

This was helpful because our organization has Kaspersky AV which blocks active FTP.exe, but not web connections. We were unable to develop in house with ftp.exe and this was our solution. Hope this helps other looking for info!

~ Answered on 2014-04-25 17:48:31

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