[dart] How do you round a double in Dart to a given degree of precision AFTER the decimal point?

Given a double, I want to round it to a given number of points of precision after the decimal point, similar to PHP's round() function.

The closest thing I can find in the Dart docs is double.toStringAsPrecision(), but this is not quite what I need because it includes the digits before the decimal point in the total points of precision.

For example, using toStringAsPrecision(3):

0.123456789 rounds to 0.123  
9.123456789 rounds to 9.12  
98.123456789 rounds to 98.1  
987.123456789 rounds to 987  
9876.123456789 rounds to 9.88e+3

As the magnitude of the number increases, I correspondingly lose precision after the decimal place.

This question is related to dart precision double-precision

The answer is


The modified answer of @andyw using Dart Extension methods:

extension Precision on double {
    double toPrecision(int fractionDigits) {
        double mod = pow(10, fractionDigits.toDouble());
        return ((this * mod).round().toDouble() / mod);
    }
}

Usage:

var latitude = 1.123456;
var latitudeWithFixedPrecision = latitude.toPrecision(3); // Outputs: 1.123

This works pretty well

var price=99.012334554
price = price.roundTodouble();
print(price); // 99.01

Above solutions do not work for all cases. What worked for my problem was this solution that will round your number (0.5 to 1 or 0.49 to 0) and leave it without any decimals:

Input: 12.67

double myDouble = 12.67;
var myRoundedNumber; // Note the 'var' datatype

// Here I used 1 decimal. You can use another value in toStringAsFixed(x)
myRoundedNumber = double.parse((myDouble).toStringAsFixed(1));
myRoundedNumber = myRoundedNumber.round();

print(myRoundedNumber);

Output: 13

This link has other solutions too


You can use toStringAsFixed in order to display the limited digits after decimal points. toStringAsFixed returns a decimal-point string-representation. toStringAsFixed accepts an argument called fraction Digits which is how many digits after decimal we want to display. Here is how to use it.

double pi = 3.1415926;
const val = pi.toStringAsFixed(2); // 3.14

double value = 2.8032739273;
String formattedValue = value.toStringAsFixed(3);

I think the accepted answer is not the perfect solution because it converts to string.

If you don't wanna convert to string and back to a double use double.toPrecision(decimalNumber) from GetX package.

If you don't wanna use GetX just for this (I highly recommend GetX, it will change your life with flutter) you can copy and paste this.

import 'dart:math';

extension Precision on double {
  double toPrecision(int fractionDigits) {
    var mod = pow(10, fractionDigits.toDouble()).toDouble();
    return ((this * mod).round().toDouble() / mod);
  }
}

var price = 99.012334554;
price = price.toStringAsFixed(2);
print(price); // 99.01

That is the ref of dart. ref: https://api.dartlang.org/stable/2.3.0/dart-core/num/toStringAsFixed.html


Just write this extension on double

extension Round on double {
  double roundToPrecision(int n) {
    int fac = pow(10, n);
    return (this * fac).round() / fac;
  }
}

Above solutions do not appropriately round numbers. I use:

double dp(double val, int places){ 
   double mod = pow(10.0, places); 
   return ((val * mod).round().toDouble() / mod); 
}

See the docs for num.toStringAsFixed().

String toStringAsFixed(int fractionDigits)

Returns a decimal-point string-representation of this.

Converts this to a double before computing the string representation.

  • If the absolute value of this is greater or equal to 10^21 then this methods returns an exponential representation computed by this.toStringAsExponential().

Examples:

1000000000000000000000.toStringAsExponential(3); // 1.000e+21
  • Otherwise the result is the closest string representation with exactly fractionDigits digits after the decimal point. If fractionDigits equals 0 then the decimal point is omitted.

The parameter fractionDigits must be an integer satisfying: 0 <= fractionDigits <= 20.

Examples:

1.toStringAsFixed(3);  // 1.000
(4321.12345678).toStringAsFixed(3);  // 4321.123
(4321.12345678).toStringAsFixed(5);  // 4321.12346
123456789012345678901.toStringAsFixed(3);  // 123456789012345683968.000
1000000000000000000000.toStringAsFixed(3); // 1e+21
5.25.toStringAsFixed(0); // 5

void main() {
  int decimals = 2;
  int fac = pow(10, decimals);
  double d = 1.234567889;
  d = (d * fac).round() / fac;
  print("d: $d");
}

Prints: 1.23


To round a double in Dart to a given degree of precision AFTER the decimal point, you can use built-in solution in dart toStringAsFixed() method, but you have to convert it back to double

void main() {
  double step1 = 1/3;  
  print(step1); // 0.3333333333333333
  
  String step2 = step1.toStringAsFixed(2); 
  print(step2); // 0.33 
  
  double step3 = double.parse(step2);
  print(step3); // 0.33
}


num.toStringAsFixed() rounds. This one turns you num (n) into a string with the number of decimals you want (2), and then parses it back to your num in one sweet line of code:

n = num.parse(n.toStringAsFixed(2));

If you don't want any decimals when the resulting decimals are all zeroes, something like this would work:

String fixedDecimals(double d, int decimals, {bool removeZeroDecimals = true}){
  double mod = pow(10.0, decimals);
  double result = ((d * mod).round().toDouble() / mod);
  if( removeZeroDecimals && result - (result.truncate()) == 0.0 ) decimals = 0;
  return result.toStringAsFixed(decimals);
}

This will simply output 9 instead of 9.00 if the input is 9.004 and you want 2 decimals.


I used the toStringAsFixed() method, to round a number to specific numbers after the decimal point EX:

double num = 22.48132906

and when I rounded it to two numbers like this:

print(num.toStringAsFixed(2)) ;

It printed 22.48

and when I rounded to one number, it printed 22.5


Define an extension:

extension Ex on double {
  double toPrecision(int n) => double.parse(toStringAsFixed(n));
}

Usage:

void main() {
  double d = 2.3456789;
  double d1 = d.toPrecision(1); // 2.3
  double d2 = d.toPrecision(2); // 2.35
  double d3 = d.toPrecision(3); // 2.345
}