[mysql] Change auto increment starting number?

In MySQL, I have a table, and I want to set the auto_increment value to 5 instead of 1. Is this possible and what query statement does this?

This question is related to mysql

The answer is


If you need this procedure for variable fieldnames instead of id this might be helpful:

DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS update_auto_increment;
DELIMITER //
CREATE PROCEDURE update_auto_increment (_table VARCHAR(128), _fieldname VARCHAR(128))
BEGIN
    DECLARE _max_stmt VARCHAR(1024);
    DECLARE _stmt VARCHAR(1024);    
    SET @inc := 0;

    SET @MAX_SQL := CONCAT('SELECT IFNULL(MAX(',_fieldname,'), 0) + 1 INTO @inc FROM ', _table);
    PREPARE _max_stmt FROM @MAX_SQL;
    EXECUTE _max_stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _max_stmt;

    SET @SQL := CONCAT('ALTER TABLE ', _table, ' AUTO_INCREMENT =  ', @inc);
    PREPARE _stmt FROM @SQL;
    EXECUTE _stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _stmt;
END //
DELIMITER ;

CALL update_auto_increment('your_table_name', 'autoincrement_fieldname');

You can also do it using phpmyadmin. Just select the table than go to actions. And change the Auto increment below table options. Don't forget to click on start Auto increment in phpmyadmin


Yes, you can use the ALTER TABLE t AUTO_INCREMENT = 42 statement. However, you need to be aware that this will cause the rebuilding of your entire table, at least with InnoDB and certain MySQL versions. If you have an already existing dataset with millions of rows, it could take a very long time to complete.

In my experience, it's better to do the following:

BEGIN WORK;
-- You may also need to add other mandatory columns and values
INSERT INTO t (id) VALUES (42);
ROLLBACK;

In this way, even if you're rolling back the transaction, MySQL will keep the auto-increment value, and the change will be applied instantly.

You can verify this by issuing a SHOW CREATE TABLE t statement. You should see:

> SHOW CREATE TABLE t \G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: t
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `t` (
...
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=43 ...

How to auto increment by one, starting at 10 in MySQL:

create table foobar(
  id             INT PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
  moobar         VARCHAR(500)
); 
ALTER TABLE foobar AUTO_INCREMENT=10;

INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("abc");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("def");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("xyz");

select * from foobar;

'10', 'abc'
'11', 'def'
'12', 'xyz'

This auto increments the id column by one starting at 10.

Auto increment in MySQL by 5, starting at 10:

drop table foobar
create table foobar(
  id             INT PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
  moobar         VARCHAR(500)
); 
SET @@auto_increment_increment=5;
ALTER TABLE foobar AUTO_INCREMENT=10;

INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("abc");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("def");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("xyz");

select * from foobar;
'11', 'abc'
'16', 'def'
'21', 'xyz'

This auto increments the id column by 5 each time, starting at 10.


Procedure to auto fix AUTO_INCREMENT value of table

DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS update_auto_increment;
DELIMITER //
CREATE PROCEDURE update_auto_increment (_table VARCHAR(64))
BEGIN
    DECLARE _max_stmt VARCHAR(1024);
    DECLARE _stmt VARCHAR(1024);    
    SET @inc := 0;

    SET @MAX_SQL := CONCAT('SELECT IFNULL(MAX(`id`), 0) + 1 INTO @inc FROM ', _table);
    PREPARE _max_stmt FROM @MAX_SQL;
    EXECUTE _max_stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _max_stmt;

    SET @SQL := CONCAT('ALTER TABLE ', _table, ' AUTO_INCREMENT =  ', @inc);
    PREPARE _stmt FROM @SQL;
    EXECUTE _stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _stmt;
END//
DELIMITER ;

CALL update_auto_increment('your_table_name')

just export the table with data .. then copy its sql like

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `employees` (
  `emp_badgenumber` int(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `emp_fullname` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `emp_father_name` varchar(30) NOT NULL,
  `emp_mobile` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  `emp_cnic` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  `emp_gender` varchar(10) NOT NULL,
  `emp_is_deleted` tinyint(4) DEFAULT '0',
  `emp_registration_date` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  `emp_overtime_allowed` tinyint(4) DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`emp_badgenumber`),
  UNIQUE KEY `bagdenumber` (`emp_badgenumber`),
  KEY `emp_badgenumber` (`emp_badgenumber`),
  KEY `emp_badgenumber_2` (`emp_badgenumber`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB  DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=111121326 ;

now change auto increment value and execute sql.