[java] How can I get the SQL of a PreparedStatement?

I have a general Java method with the following method signature:

private static ResultSet runSQLResultSet(String sql, Object... queryParams)

It opens a connection, builds a PreparedStatement using the sql statement and the parameters in the queryParams variable length array, runs it, caches the ResultSet (in a CachedRowSetImpl), closes the connection, and returns the cached result set.

I have exception handling in the method that logs errors. I log the sql statement as part of the log since it's very helpful for debugging. My problem is that logging the String variable sql logs the template statement with ?'s instead of actual values. I want to log the actual statement that was executed (or tried to execute).

So... Is there any way to get the actual SQL statement that will be run by a PreparedStatement? (Without building it myself. If I can't find a way to access the PreparedStatement's SQL, I'll probably end up building it myself in my catches.)

This question is related to java sql jdbc prepared-statement

The answer is

Using prepared statements, there is no "SQL query" :

  • You have a statement, containing placeholders
    • it is sent to the DB server
    • and prepared there
    • which means the SQL statement is "analysed", parsed, some data-structure representing it is prepared in memory
  • And, then, you have bound variables
    • which are sent to the server
    • and the prepared statement is executed -- working on those data

But there is no re-construction of an actual real SQL query -- neither on the Java side, nor on the database side.

So, there is no way to get the prepared statement's SQL -- as there is no such SQL.

For debugging purpose, the solutions are either to :

  • Ouput the code of the statement, with the placeholders and the list of data
  • Or to "build" some SQL query "by hand".

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