[javascript] JavaScript check if variable exists (is defined/initialized)

Which method of checking if a variable has been initialized is better/correct? (Assuming the variable could hold anything (string, int, object, function, etc.))

if (elem) { // or !elem


if (typeof(elem) !== 'undefined') {


if (elem != null) {

This question is related to javascript variables initialization undefined

The answer is

You want the typeof operator. Specifically:

if (typeof variable !== 'undefined') {
    // the variable is defined

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