[apache] Job for httpd.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status httpd.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details

I have installed a fresh copy of Centos 7. Then I restarted Apache but the Apache failed to start. I have 3 days stucked in this issue. Even the support can not figure out the error.

sudo service httpd start


Failed to start apache :
Job for httpd.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status httpd.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.


httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Mon 2016-05-09 16:08:02 BST; 59s ago
     Docs: man:httpd(8)
           man:apachectl(8)
 Main PID: 5710 (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

May 09 16:08:02 mike079.startdedicated.de systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
May 09 16:08:02 mike079.startdedicated.de httpd[5710]: (98)Address already in use: AH00072: make_sock: could not bind to address 85.25.12.20:80
May 09 16:08:02 startdedicated.de httpd[5710]: no listening sockets available, shutting down
May 09 16:08:02 startdedicated.de httpd[5710]: AH00015: Unable to open logs
May 09 16:08:02 startdedicated.de systemd[1]: httpd.service: main process exited, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE
May 09 16:08:02.startdedicated.de kill[5712]: kill: cannot find process ""
May 09 16:08:02 .startdedicated.de systemd[1]: httpd.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1
May 09 16:08:02startdedicated.de systemd[1]: Failed to start The Apache HTTP Server.
May 09 16:08:02 startdedicated.de systemd[1]: Unit httpd.service entered failed state.
May 09 16:08:02 mike: httpd.service failed.

This question is related to apache centos centos7 httpd.conf http-status-code-415

The answer is


From your output:

no listening sockets available, shutting down

what basically means, that any port in which one apache is going to be listening is already being used by another application.

netstat -punta | grep LISTEN

Will give you a list of all the ports being used and the information needed to recognize which process is so you can kill stop or do whatever you want to do with it.

After doing a nmap of your ip I can see that

80/tcp    open     http

so I guess you sorted it out.


Some other service may be using port 80: try to stop the other services: HTTPD, SSL, NGINX, PHP, with the command sudo systemctl stop and then use the command sudo systemctl start httpd


In my case I got the error simply because I had changed the Listen 80 to listen 443 in the file

/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf 

Since I had installed mod_ssl using the yum commands

yum -y install mod_ssl  

there was a duplicate listen 443 directive in the file ssl.conf created during mod_ssl installation.

You can verify this if you have duplicate listen 80 or 443 by running the below command in linux centos (My linux)

grep  '443' /etc/httpd/conf.d/*

below is sample output

/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:Listen 443 https
/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:<VirtualHost _default_:443>
/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf:#ServerName www.example.com:443

Simply reverting the listen 443 in httd.conf to listen 80 fixed my issue.


I got the same error because of a simple typo in vhost.conf. Remember to make sure you don't have any errors in the config files.

apachectl configtest

Allow Apache Through the Firewall

Allow the default HTTP and HTTPS port, ports 80 and 443, through firewalld:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=443/tcp

And reload the firewall:

sudo firewall-cmd --reload

on command line type journalctl -xe and the results will be

SELinux is preventing /usr/sbin/httpd from name_bind access on the tcp_socket port 83 or 80

This means that the SELinux is running on your machine and you need to disable it. then edit the configuration file by type the following

nano /etc/selinux/config

Then find the line SELINUX=enforce and change to SELINUX=disabled

Then type the following and run the command to start httpd

setenforce 0

Lastly start a server

systemctl start httpd

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName www.YOURDOMAIN.COM
    ServerAlias YOURDOMAIN.COM
    DocumentRoot /var/www/YOURDOMAIN.COM/public_html
    ErrorLog /var/www/YOURDOMAIN.COM/error.log
    CustomLog /var/www/YOURDOMAIN.COM/requests.log combined

    DocumentRoot /var/www/YOURDOMAIN.COM/public_html
    <Directory />
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
    </Directory>
    <Directory /var/www/YOURDOMAIN.COM/public_html>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all
    </Directory>

</VirtualHost>

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